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Biodiversity And Climate Change Adaptation In Tropical Islands

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Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands Book
Author : Chandrakasan Sivaperuman,A. Velmurugan,Awnindra Kumar Singh,I. Jaisankar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-05
ISBN : 0128130652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands provides comprehensive information on climate change, biodiversity, possible impacts, adaptation measures and policy challenges to help users rehabilitate and preserve the natural resources of tropical islands. While biodiversity and climate change of tropical islands has previously received less attention, it is ironically one of the most vulnerable regions in this regard. The core content of the work derives largely from the ideas and research output from various reputed scientists and experts who have recorded climate change impacts on aquatic and coastal life in tropical regions. Contributors have direct working experience with the tribes in some of the tropical islands. All of their expertise and information is compiled and presented in the work, including coverage related to climate change. This work highlights the ever-growing need to develop and apply strategies that optimize the use of natural resources, both on land and in water and judicious use of biodiversity. It functions as a critical resource on tropical island biodiversity for researchers, academicians, practitioners and policy makers in a variety of related disciplines. Covers a huge range of biodiversity documentation, conservation measures and strategies that can be applied to various sectors, from forests to agriculture Brings together expertise from researchers in the area who have direct experience in the regions described Contains a wealth of field research related to biodiversity conservation and its applications from a variety of tropical islands

The role of genetic resources for food and agriculture in adaptation to and mitigation of climate change

The role of genetic resources for food and agriculture in adaptation to and mitigation of climate change Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2022-04-21
ISBN : 9251360804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the pace of climate change is increasing, it is more important than ever to conserve, characterize and sustainably use genetic resources for food and griculture. Over millennia farmers, livestock keepers, fisherfolk and forest dwellers have adapted their production systems to changing environmental conditions, relying on genetic resources for food and agriculture. However, these resources are still not receiving the attention they deserve given their enormous importance. The main focus of this study is the state of current use of genetic resources in climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts. Each chapter explores the impacts of climate change on genetic resources and also considers the significance of genetic resources to climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Climate Change and Resilient Food Systems

Climate Change and Resilient Food Systems Book
Author : Vinaya Kumar Hebsale Mallappa,Mahantesh Shirur
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-04
ISBN : 9813345381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides insights on innovative strategies to build resilient food systems in the wake of challenges posed by climate change. Providing food security to the growing population especially in developing countries without exacerbating the environment is a major challenge. Climate change is expected to reduce agricultural productivity, leading to a decline in overall food availability and significantly increasing the number of malnourished children in developing countries. Interventions for enhancing the adaptive capacity of farmers especially of small holders needs immediate impetus. The policy formulation and development programs must reorient in the wake of the new expectations and deliverables. This book comprises of sixteen chapters that discuss the trends in global agriculture development and food system. The book highlights different aspects of household food and nutritional security. The chapters covering diverse aspects address food system, rural and urban food chain, factors affecting their sustainability and short and long term solutions to make them climate resilient. Important issues having significant implications on climate change such as Waste management, Value chain, Agri-marketing, etc. are also covered. The book would be an important resource for researchers in food science, environmental sciences and agriculture. It would also be beneficial for students and future scientists working on sustainable agriculture and food security.

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos Book
Author : Prince S. Godson,Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent,S. Krishnakumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-01
ISBN : 0128211628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecology and Biodiversity of Benthos provides insights into the characteristic features of marine and estuarine benthos that play an important role in coastal ecosystem functioning, a primary level in the food chain. The book provides the latest information on multidisciplinary reflections by various researchers studying the benthic community. Through the chapters, ecosystem services are explored as a way to share approaches and scientific methods to achieve knowledge-based sustainable planning and management of benthic ecosystems. This is a helpful guide for anyone working on marine and estuarine environments, and for those who need an introduction to benthic ecology. The book has a wide range of scientific coverage since it caters primarily to the requirement of marine ecologists, marine benthologists, EIA experts, aquatic researchers, scientists, teachers and research scholars. In addition to this, it also serves as a reference for postgraduate/undergraduate students studying aquatic ecosystems. Includes analytical methods and detailed statistical interpretation for qualitative and quantitative analyses of marine and estuarine benthic community structures Presents figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to benthic diversity of coastal ecosystem to aid in understanding protocols for the assessment of the benthic community's structure and function Includes case studies throughout each chapter to increase understanding of benthic communities

Coastal Ecosystems of the Tropics Adaptive Management

Coastal Ecosystems of the Tropics   Adaptive Management Book
Author : Velmurugan Ayyam,Swarnam Palanivel,Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 9811389268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The coastal areas of the tropics are rich in biodiversity, natural resources and place of intensive developmental activities as it provides livelihood to millions of people. At the same time evidences suggest that several unique coastal ecosystems viz., mangroves, wetlands, salt marshes, corals, estuaries, sand dunes and agro-ecosystem are vulnerable to natural disasters and events associated with global climate change. In recent times degradation of land, water and genetic erosion besides threat to native flora and fauna have been increasing due to unsustainable developmental activities. Therefore, a paradigm shift in deriving livelihood through conventional methods, developmental strategies, conservation practices are required for balanced and sustainable growth of the coastal areas. This publication strives to cover the status of different natural resources of the coastal region, various aspects of degradation process, production need and restorative methods besides new technological options and its socio-economic implications with case examples. Special focus is given to bring out the scope and potential of mangrove based farming, integrated and organic farming and its value addition besides the role of coastal vegetations as bioshield in protecting these regions from sea erosion, cyclones and tsunami. As the tropical coastal areas are vulnerable to climate change events, this book also covers the recent weather pattern, impacts of climate change and climate resilient technologies besides intuitional linkages and policy framework aimed at balancing development and environmental concerns.

Nature Based Solutions to 21st Century Challenges

Nature Based Solutions to 21st Century Challenges Book
Author : Robert C. Brears
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-04-15
ISBN : 100004775X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a systematic review of nature-based solutions and their potential to address current environmental challenges. In the 21st century, society is faced by rapid urbanisation and population growth, degradation and loss of natural capital and associated ecosystem services, an increase in natural disaster risks, and climate change. With growing recognition of the need to work with ecosystems to resolve these issues there is now a move towards nature-based solutions, which involve utilising nature’s ecosystem to solve societal challenges while providing multiple co-benefits. This book systematically reviews nature-based solutions from a public policy angle, assessing policy developments which encourage the implementation of nature-based solutions to address societal challenges while simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits. This includes enhancing sustainable urbanisation, restoring degraded ecosystems, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and reducing risks from natural disasters. While nature-based solutions can be applied strategically and equitably to help societies address a variety of climatic and non-climatic challenges, there is still a lack of understanding on how best to implement them. The book concludes by providing a best practice guide for those aiming to turn societal challenges into opportunities. This book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners and researchers involved in nature-based solutions, sustainable urban planning, environmental management, and sustainable development generally.

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific Book
Author : Lalit Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-31
ISBN : 3030328783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume addresses the impacts of climate change on Pacific islands, and presents databases and indexes for assessing and adapting to island vulnerabilities. By analyzing susceptibility variables, developing comprehensive vulnerability indexes, and applying GIS techniques, the book's authors demonstrate the particular issues presented by climate change in the islands of the Pacific region, and how these issues may be managed to preserve and improve biodiversity and human livelihoods. The book first introduces the issues specific to island communities, such as high emissions impacts, and discusses the importance of the lithological traits of Pacific islands and how these physical factors relate to climate change impacts. From here, the book aims to analyze the various vulnerabilities of different island sectors, and to formulate a susceptibility index from these variables to be used by government and planning agencies for relief prioritization. Such variables include tropical cyclones, built infrastructures, proximity to coastal areas, agriculture, fisheries and marine resources, groundwater availability, biodiversity, and economic impacts on industries such as tourism. Through the categorization and indexing of these variables, human and physical adaptation measures are proposed, and support solutions are offered to aid the inhabitants of affected island countries. This book is intended for policy makers, academics, and climate change researchers, particularly those dealing with climate change impacts on small islands.

Bioinformatics in Rice Research

Bioinformatics in Rice Research Book
Author : Manoj Kumar Gupta,Lambodar Behera
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 9811639930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an up-to-date review of classic and advanced bioinformatics approaches and their utility in rice research. It summarizes databases and tools for analyzing DNA, proteins and gene expression profiles, mapping genetic variations, annotation of protein and RNA molecules, phylogenetic analysis, and pathway enrichment. In addition, it presents high-throughput technologies that are widely used to provide deep insights into the genetic architecture of important traits in the rice genome. The book subsequently discusses techniques for identifying RNA-protein, DNA-protein interactions, and molecular markers, including SNP and microsatellites, in the contexts of rice breeding and genetics. Lastly, it explores various tools that are used to identify and characterize non-coding RNA in rice and their potential role in rice research.

Land Reclamation and Restoration Strategies for Sustainable Development

Land Reclamation and Restoration Strategies for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Uday Chatterjee,Anil Kashyap,Pravat Kumar Shit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-17
ISBN : 0128238968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Land Reclamation and Restoration Strategies for Sustainable Development: Geospatial Technology Based Approach, Volume Ten covers spatial mapping, modeling and risk assessment in land hazards issues and sustainable management. Each section in the book explores state-of-art techniques using commercial, open source and statistical software for mapping and modeling, along with case studies that illustrate modern image processing techniques and computational algorithms. A special focus is given on recent trends in data mining techniques. This book will be of particular interest to students, researchers and professionals in the fields of earth science, applied geography, and those in the environmental sciences. Demonstrates a geoinformatics approach to data mining techniques, data analysis, modeling, risk assessment, visualization, and management strategies in different aspects of land use, hazards and reclamation Covers land contamination problems, including effects on agriculture, forestry, and coastal and wetland areas Suggests specific techniques of remediation Explores state-of-art techniques based on commercial, open source, and statistical software for mapping and modeling using modern image processing techniques and computational algorithm

Blue Carbon Dynamics of the Indian Ocean

Blue Carbon Dynamics of the Indian Ocean Book
Author : Abhra Chanda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-14
ISBN : 3030965589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Blue Carbon Dynamics of the Indian Ocean book written by Abhra Chanda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Invasive Alien Species

Invasive Alien Species Book
Author : Thammineni Pullaiah,Michael R. Ielmini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 1119607035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES Invasive Alien Species: Observations and Issues from Around the World Volume 1: Issues and Invasions in Africa Invasive alien species are spreading into new ecosystems each year. The impacts caused by these invaders can be swift and devastating. The topic of invasive alien species is large, complex, and globally significant at various scales, exacerbated by the globalization of world economies and increased trade and commerce that has overcome natural barriers to species movement. Invasive alien species threaten global food supplies, water quality and availability, and energy production and delivery. With the added risks associated with global climate change, the global homogenization of plants, animals, and microbes is a major factor in the decline in ecosystem health and ecosystem services worldwide. To counter this trend, there is a critical need to unify governments, cultures, and programs to improve cross-boundary coordination to effectively address the wide range of invasive alien species threats to the environment, economies, and to plant and animal health; particularly human health. This 4-volume work is the first to compile a set of useful material for key topics, to provide a better understanding of the overall global threat of invasive alien species and the diverse array of problems faced around the world, and assemble material that includes potential replicable solutions to overcome these threats. The books also highlight the threat posed by invasive alien species in terms of a global ‘call to action’. Since invasive species know no boundaries, it is our hope that by compiling material from different scientific and social perspectives around the world, and sharing knowledge and examples of a diverse array of associated topics, we can advance global awareness and improve unified national responses to the threat posed by invasive alien species.

Biodiversity and Climate Change

Biodiversity and Climate Change Book
Author : Thomas E. Lovejoy,Lee Jay Hannah
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2019-01-01
ISBN : 0300206119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential, up-to-date look at the critical interactions between biological diversity and climate change that will serve as an immediate call to action The physical and biological impacts of climate change are dramatic and broad-ranging. People who care about the planet and manage natural resources urgently need a synthesis of our rapidly growing understanding of these issues. In this all-new sequel to the 2005 volume Climate Change and Biodiversity, leading experts in the field summarize observed changes, assess what the future holds, and offer suggested responses. From extinction risk to ocean acidification, from the future of the Amazon to changes in ecosystem services, and from geoengineering to the power of ecosystem restoration, this book captures the sweep of climate change transformation of the biosphere.

Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change

Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : Carmenza Robledo,Markku Kanninen,Lucio Pedroni
Publisher : CIFOR
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 9792446044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change book written by Carmenza Robledo,Markku Kanninen,Lucio Pedroni, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate change and biodiversity in the European Union overseas entities

Climate change and biodiversity in the European Union overseas entities Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : IUCN
Release : 2022-08-14
ISBN : 2831713153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Climate change and biodiversity in the European Union overseas entities book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Global Plant Invasions

Global Plant Invasions Book
Author : David R. Clements
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-14
ISBN : 3030896846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Global Plant Invasions book written by David R. Clements, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States

Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States Book
Author : Martin J. Bush
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-01-29
ISBN : 1119132843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A groundbreaking synthesis of climate change adaptation strategies for small island states, globally A wide ranging, comprehensive, and multi-disciplinary study, this is the first book that focuses on the challenges posed by climate change impacts on the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). While most of the current literature on the subject deals with specific regions, this book analyses the impacts of climate change across the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean, and the African and Indian Ocean regions in order to identify and tackle the real issues faced by all the small island States. As the global effects of climate change become increasingly evident and urgent, it is clear that the impact on small islands is going to be particularly severe. These island countries are especially vulnerable to rising sea levels, hurricanes and cyclones, frequent droughts, and the disruption of agriculture, fisheries and vital ecosystems. On many small islands, the migration of vulnerable communities to higher ground has already begun. Food security is an increasingly pressing issue. Hundreds of thousands of islanders are at risk. Marine ecosystems are threatened by acidification and higher seawater temperatures leading to increased pressure on fisheries—still an important source of food for many island communities. The small island developing States emit only small amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Yet many SIDS governments are allocating scarce financial and human resources in an effort to further reduce their emissions. This is a mistake. Rather than focus on mitigation (i.e., the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) Climate Change Adaptation in Small Island Developing States concentrates on adaptation. The author assesses the immediate and future impacts of climate change on small islands, and identifies a range of proven, cost-effective adaptation strategies. The book: Focuses on the challenges of climate change faced by all of the world’s small island developing States; Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research into the most likely environment impacts; Uses numerous case studies to describe proven, practical, and cost-effective policies, including disaster management strategies—which can be developed and implemented by the SIDS; Takes a unique, multidisciplinary approach, making it of particular interest to specialists in a variety of disciplines, including both earth sciences and life sciences. This book is a valuable resource for all professionals and students studying climate change and its impacts. It is also essential reading for government officials and the ministries of the 51 small island developing States, as well as the signatories to the 2015 Paris climate agreement.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 0128131969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Australia s Biodiversity and Climate Change

Australia s Biodiversity and Climate Change Book
Author : Will Steffen,Andrew A. Burbidge,Lesley Hughes,Roger Kitching,David Lindenmayer,Warren Musgrave,Mark Stafford Smith,Patricia A. Werner
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0643096051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a strategic assessment of the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity (primarily terrestrial) to climate change and suggests ways that policy and management can deal with the threats to biodiversity associated with climate change. It begins with a long-time perspective on the evolution of Australia’s biota—why Australia is so species-rich, why its biodiversity is unique, and why the conservation of this biodiversity is so important. It goes on to describe the two centuries of acute change since European settlement—the ultimate drivers of current changes in Australia’s biodiversity and the observed changes in diversity at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels. The discussion of climate change itself is organized around the global and the Australian scales, describing the climate changes that have already been observed over the last one to two centuries and outlining the range of projections for Australia for the rest of this century. The ways in which climate change is already affecting Australia’s biota and will potentially affect it in future are described in considerable detail. The book then focuses strongly on how to reduce the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity to climate change, beginning with a description of current management principles, and an analysis of the current set of conservation strategies and tools and the current policy and institutional landscape for biodiversity conservation. Building on a set of fundamental ecological principles, the focus then shifts to ways in which adaptive capacity can be enhanced—modified and new management approaches, innovative governance systems and a much larger resource base. Finally, a set of five key messages and policy directions pulls together the major conclusions arising from the assessment.

Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability

Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability Book
Author : J. Sundaresan,S. Sreekesh,AL Ramanathan,Leonard Sonnenschein,Ram Boojh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-11
ISBN : 9400760167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability” is the outcome of a selection of peer reviewed edited papers presented at the International Workshop on Climate Change and Island Vulnerability (IWCCI) held at Kadmat Island, Lakshadweep, India in October 2010. Marine and coastal biodiversity, sea level rise vulnerability, fisheries, climate change impact on livelihood options, water and sanitation in island ecosystem and mitigation, adaptation and governance are the focal themes. The basic concept conveyed in the book is that biodiversity of islands is to be protected as a natural mechanism to mitigate climate change. Probability recurrence of mass coral bleaching and the management of coral reefs and their future protection are discussed in this book. Marine productivity and climate change for the last ten thousand years in the Arabian Sea have been examined with core records. Green technology is suggested as an important tool for mitigation and adaptation programmes in climate change. Measures taken to project biomass utilisation of islands as an energy source is delineated. Climate change may pose a potential threat on human health. Improved sanitation packages and models that are cost effective and environment-friendly for islands are uniquely presented in this book.

Climate Change 2001 Impacts Adaptation and Vulnerability

Climate Change 2001  Impacts  Adaptation  and Vulnerability Book
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group II.,Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group Science
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-07-02
ISBN : 9780521015004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some issues addressed in this Working Group III volume are mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, managing biological carbon reservoirs, geo-engineering, costing methods, and decision-making frameworks.