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Biodiesel Soot

Biodiesel Soot Book
Author : Chuan Li,Xianguo Hu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 0128205547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiesel Soot: Tribology, Properties, and Formation covers the basic properties of biodiesel soot, focusing particularly on its tribological behaviors, dispersion characteristics, and techniques for controlling and altering its tribological and material behavior. The book begins with a concise overview of the fundamentals of the properties and preparation of biodiesel, including coverage of the processes involved in the formation of soot particulates, the influence of different fuels on formation, and the effects of different soot on air pollution, friction reduction, and wear resistance of lubricating oil. Other sections cover the influence of biodiesel soot on engine parts and combustion devices. This book will be of particular interest to graduate students and academic or industrial researchers in materials science, as well as mechanical, automotive and chemical engineering. Covers the tribology, morphology, composition, structure and dispersion of biodiesel soot in engines Guides problem-solving related to the effects of biodiesel soot on the tribological properties of lubricating oil Provides fundamental knowledge on the performance and preparation of biodiesel fuel Discusses the physical-chemical properties of biodiesel soot from the combustion of different fuels

Advanced Engine Diagnostics

Advanced Engine Diagnostics Book
Author : Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Jai Gopal Gupta,Nikhil Sharma,Akhilendra Pratap Singh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-07
ISBN : 9811332754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the discusses advanced fuels and combustion, emission control techniques, after-treatment systems, simulations and fault diagnostics, including discussions on different engine diagnostic techniques such as particle image velocimetry (PIV), phase Doppler interferometry (PDI), laser ignition. This volume bridges the gap between basic concepts and advanced research in internal combustion engine diagnostics, making it a useful reference for both students and researchers whose work focuses on achieving higher fuel efficiency and lowering emissions.

Plant Oils as Fuels

Plant Oils as Fuels Book
Author : Norbert Martini,Jozef S. Schell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642722695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among renewable energy resources, Biodiesel fuel made from rapeseed is of special importance in Europe. Economical, technological, ecological and toxicological arguments have been advanced implying that, at present, Biodiesel is at best just a "niche" product that can only compete with traditional fossil diesel fuel because of significant tax incentives. Given the present state of knowledge in these very different areas, the decisive question to be asked is whether the competitiveness, and thus marketability, of Biodiesel can be enhanced by biotechnological manipulations of the rape plant.

Air Pollution and Control

Air Pollution and Control Book
Author : Nikhil Sharma,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Peter Eastwood,Tarun Gupta,Akhilendra P Singh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-13
ISBN : 9811071853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on various aspects related to air pollution, including major sources of air pollution, measurement techniques, modeling studies and solution approaches to control. The book also presents case studies on measuring air pollution in major urban areas, such as Delhi, India. The book examines vehicles as a source of air pollution and addresses the quantitative analysis of engine exhaust emissions. Subsequent chapters discuss particulate matter from engines and coal-fired power plants as a major pollutant, as well as emission control techniques using various after treatment systems. The book’s final chapter considers future perspectives and a way forward for sustainable development. It also discusses several emission control techniques that will gain relevance in the future, when stricter emission norms will be enforced for international combustion (IC) engines as well as power plants. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will benefit a wide variety of readers, including researchers, professionals, and policymakers.

Modeling Soot Formation in Diesel biodiesel Flames

Modeling Soot Formation in Diesel biodiesel Flames Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphical abstract: Highlights: A new phenomenological soot model is proposed for diesel-biodiesel blends. The model takes into account the main soot-reducing factors of biodiesel blending. The model is solved for the standard smoke point lamp using CFD. The model computations are in very good agreement with published experimental results. Abstract: We propose a modified phenomenological model for soot formation that occurs during the combustion process of diesel-biodiesel blends. The diesel-biodiesel blend is represented by three generic fuel groups: aromatic, aliphatic, and ester fuels, such that the aromatic content of the diesel fuel and the oxygen content of the biodiesel fuel are considered quantitatively. The soot formation is evaluated for specific selected blends. The different oxidative reactivity between soot particles originating from diesel and biodiesel is accounted for via their oxidation rates. The use of the present phenomenological soot model is demonstrated by its implementation in a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) commercial code for the case of the standard smoke point lamp. Very good agreement was achieved between model predictions and experimental results in terms of maximal soot volume fraction (SVF) and its decrease when switching from plain diesel to a diesel-biodiesel blend.

Proceedings of the IEEE ASME Joint Rail Conference

Proceedings of the     IEEE ASME Joint Rail Conference Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the IEEE ASME Joint Rail Conference book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of the Air Waste Management Association

Journal of the Air   Waste Management Association Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Proceedings of the 19th Annual Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Advanced analysis for IC engines

Proceedings of the 19th Annual Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division  Advanced analysis for IC engines Book
Author : American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Internal Combustion Engine Division. Technical Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the 19th Annual Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division Advanced analysis for IC engines book written by American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Internal Combustion Engine Division. Technical Conference, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Alternative Fuels for Transport

Alternative Fuels for Transport Book
Author : Kerr C. Walker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Alternative Fuels for Transport book written by Kerr C. Walker, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuel

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuel Book
Author : Christopher Strong,Charlie Erickson,Deepak Shukla
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This document reviews recent literature regarding the usage of biodiesel and biodiesel blend fuel in on road applications. The report describes some of the principal characteristics of biodiesel and usage experience in and near the State of Montana. Several studies are summarized regarding biodiesel's effects on engine performance and warranties. Storage, handling and transportation requirements are also discussed. The emissions related impacts of biodiesel on several pollutants are quantified, along with potential effects of these impacts on the state and vehicle users within the state. The legislative environment regarding biodiesel and existing motor fuel taxes, at a Federal level and in other states, is reviewed. Considerations regarding fuel cost and domestic productive capacity are discussed. The report concludes that most technical questions regarding biodiesel appear to be satisfactorily answered; the primary obstacles limiting broader biodiesel implementation relate to cost and user acceptance.

Science Technology Review

Science   Technology Review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Biodiesel Research

Biodiesel Research Book
Author : Laura L. Barnes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiesel fuel is used in diesel engines and is made from domestically available, renewable organic resources, such as vegetable oils and animal fats.

Australian Farm Journal

Australian Farm Journal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Home Power

Home Power Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Official Report of the Standing Committees

Official Report of the Standing Committees Book
Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Official Report of the Standing Committees book written by Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modelling Biodiesel diesel Spray Combustion Using Multicomponent Vaporization Coupled with Detailed Fuel Chemistry and Soot Models

Modelling Biodiesel   diesel Spray Combustion Using Multicomponent Vaporization Coupled with Detailed Fuel Chemistry and Soot Models Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract : A multicomponent vaporization model is integrated with detailed fuel chemistry and soot models for simulating biodiesel–diesel spray combustion. Biodiesel, a fuel mixture comprised of fatty-acid methyl esters, is an attractive alternative to diesel fuel for use in compression-ignition engines. Accurately modelling of the spray, vaporization, and combustion of the fuel mixture is critical to predicting engine performance using biodiesel. In this study, a discrete-component vaporization model was developed to simulate the vaporization of biodiesel drops. The model can predict differences in the vaporization rates of different fuel components. The model was validated by use of experimental data of the measured biodiesel drop size history and spray penetration data obtained from a constant-volume chamber. Gas phase chemical reactions were simulated using a detailed reaction mechanism that also includes PAH reactions leading to the production of soot precursors. A phenomenological multi-step soot model was utilized to predict soot emissions from biodiesel–diesel combustion. The soot model considered various steps of soot formation and destruction, such as soot inception, surface growth, coagulation, and PAH condensation, as well as oxidation by oxygen and hydroxyl-containing molecules. The overall numerical model was validated with experimental data on flame structure and soot distributions obtained from a constant-volume chamber. The model was also applied to predict combustion, soot and NOx emissions from a diesel engine using different biodiesel–diesel blends. The engine simulation results were further analysed to determine the soot emissions characteristics by use of biodiesel–diesel fuels.

Biofuels in the Energy Supply System

Biofuels in the Energy Supply System Book
Author : Victor I. Welborne
Publisher : Nova Novinka
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biofuels are enjoying a boom throughout the world. Led by ethanol and biodiesel, they are becoming an increasingly popular source of fuel for planes and automobiles. Brazil is the world's leading producer followed by America. Biofuels are far cleaner than petroleum and renewable by plant growth.

Chemical Abstracts

Chemical Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemical Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.