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Biocontrol Agents And Secondary Metabolites

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Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites

Biocontrol Agents and Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Sudisha Jogaiah
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-13
ISBN : 0128230940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocontrol and Secondary Metabolites: Applications and Immunization for Plant Growth and Protection covers established and updated research on emerging trends in plant defense signaling in, and during, stress phases. Other topics cover growth at interface as a sustainable way of life and the context of human welfare and conservation of fungi as a group of organisms. Further, the book explores induced systemic resistance using biocontrol agents and/or secondary metabolites as a milestone for sustainable agricultural production, thus providing opportunities for the minimization or elimination of the use of fungicides. Presents an overview on mechanisms by which plants protect themselves against herbivory and pathogenic microbes Identifies the use of immunization as a popular and effective alternative to chemical pesticides Explores how these fungi help crop plants in better uptake of soil nutrients, increase soil fertility, produce growth promoting substances, and secrete metabolites that act as bio-pesticides

Secondary Metabolites in Soil Ecology

Secondary Metabolites in Soil Ecology Book
Author : Petr Karlovsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-03
ISBN : 3540745432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiologists and soil scientists will find this study compelling reading. It focuses on the role of bacterial, fungal and plant secondary metabolites in soil ecosystems. Our understanding of the biological function of secondary metabolites is surprisingly limited, considering our knowledge of their structural diversity and pharmaceutical activity. This book reviews functional aspects of secondary metabolite production, with a focus on interactions among soil organisms.

Secondary Metabolites

Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Ramasamy Vijayakumar,Suresh S.S. Raja
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 1789236428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of an introductory overview of secondary metabolites, which are classified into four main sections: microbial secondary metabolites, plant secondary metabolites, secondary metabolites through tissue culture technique, and regulation of secondary metabolite production. This book provides a comprehensive account on the secondary metabolites of microorganisms, plants, and the production of secondary metabolites through biotechnological approach like the plant tissue culture method. The regulatory mechanisms of secondary metabolite production in plants and the pharmaceutical and other applications of various secondary metabolites are also highlighted. This book is considered as necessary reading for microbiologists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, and botanists who are doing research in secondary metabolites. It should also be useful to MSc students, MPhil and PhD scholars, scientists, and faculty members of various science disciplines.

Microbial Secondary Metabolites Recent Developments and Technological Challenges

Microbial Secondary Metabolites  Recent Developments and Technological Challenges Book
Author : Bhim Pratap Singh,Mostafa E. Rateb,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli,Wen-Jun Li
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-08-02
ISBN : 2889459012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on microbes plays an essential role in the improvement of biotechnological and biomedical areas. It has turned into a subject of expanding significance as new organisms and their related biomolecules are being characterized for several applications in health and agriculture. Microbial biomolecules confer the ability of microbes to cope with a range of adverse conditions. However, these biomolecules have several advantages over the plant origin, which makes them a suitable target in drug discovery and development. The reasons could be that microbial sources can be genetically engineered to enhance the production of desired natural production by large-scale fermentation. The interaction between microbes and their biotic and abiotic environment is fundamental to numerous processes taking place in the biosphere. The natural environments and hosts of these microorganisms are extremely diverse being reflected by the fact that microbes are widespread and occur in nearly every biological community on Earth. This metabolic versatility makes microbes interesting objects for a range of economically important biotechnological applications. Most of the biotechniques are established but inefficient genetic engineering strategies are still a bottleneck for selected microbe producing industrial scale biomolecules. Therefore, untapped microbial biodiversity and related metablomics, give a noteworthy wellspring of biologicals for the advancement of meds, immunizations, enhanced plants and for other natural applications. The present eBook volume contains articles on microbial secondary metabolites, microbial biosynthetic potential including biosynthetic gene expression, and metagenomics obtained from microorganism isolated unique from habitats like marine sources, endophytes, thermal springs, deserts, etc.

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizomicroorganisms

Secondary Metabolites of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizomicroorganisms Book
Author : Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Chetan Keswani,M. S. Reddy,Estibaliz Sansinenea,Carlos García-Estrada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 9811358621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent changes in the pattern of agricultural practices from use of hazardous pesticides to natural (organic) cultivation has brought into focus the use of agriculturally important microorganisms for carrying out analogous functions. The reputation of plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms (PGPRs) is due to their antagonistic mechanisms against most of the fungal and bacterial phytopathogens. The biocontrol potential of agriculturally important microorganisms is mostly attributed to their bioactive secondary metabolites. However, low shelf life of many potential agriculturally important microorganisms impairs their use in agriculture and adoption by farmers. The focal theme of this book is to highlight the potential of employing biosynthesized secondary metabolites (SMs) from agriculturally important microorganisms for management of notorious phytopathogens, as a substitute of the currently available whole organism formulations and also as alternatives to hazardous synthetic pesticides. Accordingly, we have incorporated a comprehensive rundown of sections which particularly examine the SMs synthesized, secreted and induced by various agriculturally important microorganisms and their applications in agriculture. Section 1 includes discussion on biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites from fungal biocontrol agents. This section will cover the various issues such as development of formulation of secondary metabolites, genomic basis of metabolic diversity, metabolomic profiling of fungal biocontrol agents, novel classes of antimicrobial peptides. The section 1 will also cover the role of these secondary metabolites in antagonist-host interaction and application of biosynthesized antimicrobial secondary metabolites for management of plant diseases. Section 2 will discuss the biosynthesized secondary metabolites from bacterial PGPRs, strain dependent effects on plant metabolome profile, bio-prospecting various isolates of bacterial PGPRs for potential secondary metabolites and non-target effects of PGPR on microbial community structure and functions. Section 3 encompasses synthesis of antimicrobial secondary metabolites from beneficial endophytes, bio-prospecting medicinal and aromatic hosts and effect of endophytic SMs on plants under biotic and biotic stress conditions.

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Joginder Singh,Jastin Samuel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0323851649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes compiles the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, metabolites synthesized from the microbial strains such as actinomycetes, bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungal species and their potential applications in the field of healthcare issue and sustainable agriculture. There is an urgent need to explore new and advanced biological methods for health industries and sustainable agriculture and to protect the environment from environmental pollution or contaminates, global warming, and also control the health of human beings from the side effects of various pharmaceuticals products. Focusing all these factors, Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes explores new aspects of microorganism in terms of volatiles, enzymes, bioactive compounds synthesized from the microbes and their potential applications in the field of sustainable agriculture and health-related issues Provides a broad aspect about volatiles, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites of microbes compiled in one cover Gives the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, secondary metabolites, and bioactive compounds synthesized from the different microbial strains Responds to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles Offers insight to a very broad audience in Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology, Agronomy, and Pathology

Working Document on the Risk Assessment of Secondary Metabolites of Microbial Biocontrol Agents

Working Document on the Risk Assessment of Secondary Metabolites of Microbial Biocontrol Agents Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789264506442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This working document has been prepared to address the assessment of secondary metabolites of microbial biocontrol agents. The main focus of this working document is the assessment of the hazards and risk of secondary metabolites produced during the manufacturing of microbial pest control products and after their application in the field. This document addresses a number of important topics for secondary metabolites, including concerns that microbial pest control products could be associated with known or as yet uncharacterised 'new' secondary metabolites. A background document is available as an annex to help provide clarity on issues and terminology related to secondary metabolites of microbial biocontrol agents. This document may also form the basis of a future OECD Guidance Document on the subject.

Biocontrol Mechanisms of Endophytic Microorganisms

Biocontrol Mechanisms of Endophytic Microorganisms Book
Author : Radhakrishnan E.K,Ajay Kumar,Aswani Raveendran
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-23
ISBN : 0323884792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocontrol Mechanisms of Endophytic Microorganisms introduces endophytic microorganisms, colonization, diversity and distribution, describes the isolation and identification of endophytic microorganisms by traditional cultivation and by next generation sequencing technologies, and covers biocontrol mechanisms, bacterial priming, endophytic based methods, the significance on fungi, and metabolite based formulations. The book concludes with chapters on biofilms, microbiota and safety issues of microorganisms. The intensive use of chemicals to control these plant pathogens has resulted in negative consequences such as the release of toxic chemicals in the environment, reduced soil fertility and human health problems. Therefore, environmentally-friendly and sustainable replacement of chemical fertilizers or pesticides is highly challenging. Contains exclusive information about research on immunogenetics going on all over the world Includes all the minute and recent details that will be the prerequisite requirement for any researcher who wants to work on immunogenetics and its applications Comes fully-equipped with pictures, illustrations and tables, delivering the information in a meticulous manner that makes it more attractive to readers

Plant Defence Biological Control

Plant Defence  Biological Control Book
Author : Jean Michel Mérillon,Kishan Gopal Ramawat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-03
ISBN : 9789400719330
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To meet the challenge of feeding ever increasing human population, efficient, economical and environment friendly disease control methods are required. Pests are responsible for heavy crop losses and reduced food supplies, poorer quality of agricultural products, economic hardship for growers and processor. Generally, chemical control methods are neither always economical nor are they effective and may have associated unwanted health, safety and environmental risks. Biological control involves use of beneficial microorganism to control plant pathogens and diseases they cause and offers an environmental friendly approach to the effective management of plant diseases. This book provides a comprehensive account of interaction of host and its pathogens, induced host resistance, development of biological control agents for practical applications, the underlying mechanism and signal transduction. The book is useful to all those working in academia or industry related to crop protection.

Endophytes and Secondary Metabolites

Endophytes and Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Sumita Jha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-09-28
ISBN : 9783319904832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference work presents an authoritative review of endophytes and their applications to human welfare. Endophytes have become a class of interesting and curious microorganisms due to their intimate intra- and intercellular association with plants for competence, survival and reproduction. They can be bacteria or fungi, and they are usually non-pathogenic to their host. Endophytes have important applications in agriculture and industry, namely, they can help with plant growth, act as biocontrol agents and biosurfactant and secondary metabolite producers, and they are also rich sources of bioactive natural products. Novel and beneficial effects of endophytes are constantly emerging, and this book, divided into four sections, provides readers with the latest developments in this fast expanding field. In the first section, readers will discover the biology of the major groups of endophytes, followed by a summary of conventional and molecular tools for endophytes’ identification in Section II. The production of high-value metabolites by endophytes will be explored in the third section of this book, and in the final section, readers will find several case studies, examples and prospects for endophytes’ application in agriculture and industry. Written by leading international authors, this reference work will appeal to a wide readership, from students and researchers in the field of botany, biotechnology and agriculture to professionals interested in the production and applications of endophytic metabolites.

Medically Important Plant Biomes Source of Secondary Metabolites

Medically Important Plant Biomes  Source of Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Dilfuza Egamberdieva,Antonio Tiezzi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-17
ISBN : 9811395667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides insights into various aspects of medicinal plant-associated microbes, known to be a unique source of biological active compounds, including their biotechnological uses and their potential in pharmaceutical, agricultural and industrial applications. Featuring review papers and original research by leading experts in the field, it discusses medicinal plants and their interactions with the environment; medicinal plants as a source of biologically active compounds; medicinal plant-associated microbes (diversity and metabolites); their pharmaceutical, agricultural and industrial applications as well as their potential applications as plant growth stimulators and biocontrol agents. As such the book offers a valuable, up-to-date overview of the current research on medicinal plants, their ecology, biochemistry and associated biomes.

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Amit Kishore Singh,Krishna Kumar Choudhary
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-20
ISBN : 0128170050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology explores PGPMs (actinomycetes, bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria) and their multidimensional roles in agriculture, including their increasing applications in sustainable agriculture. In addition to their traditional understanding and applications in agriculture, PGPMs are increasingly known as a source of nano-particles production that are gaining significant interest in their ability to provide more economically, environmentally friendly and safe technologies to crop growers. The book considers new concepts and current developments in plant growth, thus promoting microorganisms research and evaluating its implications for sustainable productivity. Users will find this to be an invaluable resource for researchers in applied microbial biotechnology, soil science, nano-technology of microbial strains, and industry personnel in these areas. Presents basic and applied aspects of sustainable agriculture, including nano-technology in sustainable agriculture Identifies molecular tools/omics approaches for enhancing plant growth promoting microorganisms Discusses plant growth promoting microorganisms in bioactive compounds production, and as a source of nano-particles

Plant Microbiome Paradigm

Plant Microbiome Paradigm Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Swati Tripathi,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-28
ISBN : 303050395X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge on plant-microbiome interactions and associations. It covers all major mechanistic approaches used to investigate microbes’ impacts on plant growth promotion, disease control and health. The industrial manufacture of nitrogen currently accounts for roughly 2% of the world’s total energy consumption. Microbial products are expected to reduce the need for costly fertilizers, as well as chemical pesticides and fungicides. While beneficial microorganisms are increasingly being used in agriculture, abiotic and biotic stresses such as heat, drought, cold, and salt can quickly kill or render them useless in the field. However, discovering new and better treatments is a lengthy process due to the considerable microbial diversity found in soils. Researchers have now proposed using biotechnological approaches to accelerate the process of microbial technology development. The fact that plant-associated microbes stimulate plant growth and development is well known, as the examples of rhizobia and mycorrhizal fungi show. The mechanisms by which these microorganisms maintain plant growth include the production of phytohormones, fixation of nitrogen, and the mobilization of phosphorus and minerals. The plant microbiome is also involved in pathogen suppression, and especially the root microbiome acts as a protective shield against soil-borne pathogens. A special feature of this book is its multidisciplinary approach, spanning from plant microbiology/biocontrol, fungal and bacterial endophytes, plant physiology, to biochemistry, proteomics and genomics. It is ideally suited for researchers and student of agri-biotechnology, soil biology and fungal biology.

Lichen Secondary Metabolites

Lichen Secondary Metabolites Book
Author : Branislav Ranković
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 303016814X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised and extended edition provides in-depth insights into the benefits and untapped potential of lichen-derived bioactive compounds. The whole spectrum of these compounds’ biological and medical functions, from antibiotic to antiviral and anti-carcinogenic properties, is presented. In addition, a new chapter discusses the anti-neurodegenerative and anti-diabetic activities of lichenic secondary metabolites. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable asset for students and researchers in this field.

Fungi As Biocontrol Agents

Fungi As Biocontrol Agents Book
Author : T. M. Butt,C. Jackson,N. Magan
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781845933005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is increasing interest in the use of fungi for the control of pests, weeds and diseases. This book brings together perspectives from pathology, ecology, genetics, physiology, production technology, to address the use of fungi as biological control agents.

Fungal Metabolites

Fungal Metabolites Book
Author : Jean-Michel Mérillon,K. G. Ramawat
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-08-10
ISBN : 9783319194561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fungal Metabolites book written by Jean-Michel Mérillon,K. G. Ramawat, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbes for Sustainable lnsect Pest Management

Microbes for Sustainable lnsect Pest Management Book
Author : Md. Aslam Khan,Wasim Ahmad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-12
ISBN : 303067231X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The search for new strategies of pest control with safer molecules is currently of great importance and interest. Microbe-mediated biological crop protection is an attractive and promising technology with no concern for a negative impact on the environment and biodiversity. Microbial hydrolytic enzymes such as proteases, chitinases, lipases, etc. are attractive for this purpose. They present toxic properties and act synergistically to control pest attacks. Also, some metabolites, that microorganisms produce for their survival or defense, can be explored and exploited for plant protection. The focus of this Volume is on the potential of microbial hydrolytic enzymes and their metabolites in agroecosystem functioning. Subsequent chapters review topics such as microbial hydrolytic enzymes as powerful management tools, chitinases in IPM of agro-horticultural crops, metabolites as pesticides and the importance of the metabolites of entomopathogenic fungi, metabolites and virulence factors. Other topicas include: microbial-based nanoparticles, recombinant DNA technologies to improve the efficacy of microbial insecticides, the effects of entomopathogens on insect predators and parasitoids, and the management of major vegetable insect pests. This Volume provides detailed accounts on the safe use of microbial products for sustainable management of insect pests. Its aim is to build solid foundations for the students, teachers, and researchers interested in eco-friendly management of important insect crop pests.

Biological Management of Diseases of Crops

Biological Management of Diseases of Crops Book
Author : P. Narayanasamy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-28
ISBN : 9400763808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological disease management tactics have emerged as potential alternative to chemical application for containing crop diseases. Biotic and abiotic biological control agents (BCAs) have been demonstrated to be effective against diseases caused by microbial plant pathogens. Combination of biotic and abiotic agents leads to synergism and consequent improvement in the effectiveness of disease control. It is essential to assay the biocontrol potential of all isolates/species of fungal, bacterial and viral biocontrol agents by different techniques in vitro and under greenhouse and field conditions and to precisely identify and differentiate the most effective isolates from less effective ones by employing biological, immunological and nucleic acid-based assays.

Novel Biotechnologies for Biocontrol Agent Enhancement and Management

Novel Biotechnologies for Biocontrol Agent Enhancement and Management Book
Author : Maurizio Vurro,Jonathan Gressel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-16
ISBN : 1402057997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main scientists working with enhancing fungal, bacterial, virus and insect biological control agents on different targets present the latest progress in overcoming the barrier of insufficient virulence. This multi-disciplinary group review their own work and that of others, and describe the approaches being used, the successes and the barriers yet to be overcome. There is no up-to-date equivalent work describing biocontrol, let alone enhanced biocontrol.

Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future

Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future Book
Author : Hemen Sarma,Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 1119671000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the state-of-the-art in biosurfactant technology and its applications in environmental remediation, biomedicine, and biotechnology Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future explores recent developments in biosurfactants and their use in a variety of cutting-edge applications. The book opens a window on the rapid development of microbiology by explaining how microbes and their products are used in advanced medical technology and in the sustainable remediation of emerging environmental contaminants. The book emphasizes the different techniques that are used for the production of biosurfactants from microorganisms and their characterization. Various aspects of biosurfactants, including structural characteristics, developments, production, bio-economics and their sustainable use in the environment and biomedicine, are addressed, and the book also presents metagenomic strategies to facilitate the discovery of novel biosurfactants producing microorganisms. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the state-of-the-art in biosurfactant technology, techniques, and applications An exploration of biosurfactant enhanced remediation of sediments contaminated with organics and inorganics A discussion of perspectives for biomedical and biotechnological applications of biosurfactants A review of the antiviral, antimicrobial, and antibiofilm potential of biosurfactants against multi-drug-resistant pathogens. An examination of biosurfactant-inspired control of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus Perfect for academic researchers and scientists working in the petrochemical industry, pharmaceutical industry, and in the agroindustry, Biosurfactants for a Sustainable Future will also earn a place in the libraries of scientists working in environmental biotechnology, environmental science, and biomedical engineering.