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Biochemistry Of Collagens Laminins And Elastin

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Biochemistry of Collagens Laminins and Elastin

Biochemistry of Collagens  Laminins and Elastin Book
Author : Morten Karsdal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-15
ISBN : 9780128170687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are 28 different collagens, with 46 unique chains, which allows for a collagen for each time and place. Some collagens are specialized for basement membrane, whereas others are the central structural component of the interstitial matrix. There are eight collagens among the 20 most abundant proteins in the body, which makes these molecules essential building blocks of tissues. In addition, lessons learned from monogenomic mutations in these proteins result in grave pathologies, exemplifying their importance in development. These molecules, and their post-translationally modified products serve as biomarkers of diseases in a range of pathologies associated with the extracellular matrix. Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers, Second Edition provides researchers and students current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins, and elastin), reviews on how these molecules affect pathologies, and information on how selected modifications of proteins can result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the ECM harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine function, and it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides an updated comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Gives insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes eight new chapters, including one on how collagen biomarkers are used in clinical research to support drug development and in precision medicine Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states Proves the importance of proteins for collagen assembly, function, and durability

Biochemistry of Collagens Laminins and Elastin

Biochemistry of Collagens  Laminins and Elastin Book
Author : Morten Karsdal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-29
ISBN : 0128098996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins. Type I collagen is one of the most abundant molecules in the body, playing essential roles in different tissues, particularly bone and skin. A key aspect of type I collagen is its post-translational modifications which are essential for correct synthesis and structural integrity of collagens, for tissue-specific functionality, as well as for application as biomarkers of different pathologies. This volume summarizes current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins and elastin), reviews how these molecules affect pathologies, and describes selected modifications of proteins that result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the ECM harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine functions. Additionally, it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides a comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Provides insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes a chapter dedicated to the biomarkers of structural proteins Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states

Biochemistry of Collagens Laminins and Elastin

Biochemistry of Collagens  Laminins and Elastin Book
Author : Morten Karsdal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 0128170697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are 28 different collagens, with 46 unique chains, which allows for a collagen for each time and place. Some collagens are specialized for basement membrane, whereas others are the central structural component of the interstitial matrix. There are eight collagens among the 20 most abundant proteins in the body, which makes these molecules essential building blocks of tissues. In addition, lessons learned from monogenomic mutations in these proteins result in grave pathologies, exemplifying their importance in development. These molecules, and their post-translationally modified products serve as biomarkers of diseases in a range of pathologies associated with the extracellular matrix. Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers, Second Edition provides researchers and students current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins, and elastin), reviews on how these molecules affect pathologies, and information on how selected modifications of proteins can result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the extracellular matrix harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine function, and it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides an updated comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Gives insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes seven new chapters, including one on how collagen biomarkers are used in clinical research to support drug development and in precision medicine Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states Proves the importance of proteins for collagen assembly, function, and durability

The Extracellular Matrix Factsbook

The Extracellular Matrix Factsbook Book
Author : Shirley Ayad,Ray Boot-Handford,Martin Humphries,Karl Kadler,Adrian Shuttleworth
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-03-27
ISBN : 0080531512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Edition of The Extracellular Matrix FactsBook has been completely revised, updated and expanded by over 50 percent. It contains over 85 entries on the diverse group of macromolecules that assemble toform the extracellular matrix. Entries provide information on molecular structure, isolation, primary structure, structural and functional sites, gene structure, database accession numbers, and key references. Key Features * Compiled by members of one of the foremost centers of matrix biochemistry in the world * Contains over 30 new entries, with all previous entries being revised and updated * Includes new entries on proteinases involved in the deposition of the extracellular matrix * Presents 3D ribbon diagrams in cases where the protein structure is now known

Progress in Heritable Soft Connective Tissue Diseases

Progress in Heritable Soft Connective Tissue Diseases Book
Author : Jaroslava Halper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-18
ISBN : 9400778937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a reference handbook focusing on diseases like Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome and other heritable soft connective tissue diseases. The book presents detailed information for both basic scientists and for clinicians seeing patients. It is also a stepping stone for new investigations and studies that goes beyond the facts about the composition and biochemistry of the connective tissue and extracellular matrix, as the authors connect individual components to specific aspects of various soft tissue disorders and to the actual or potential treatment of them. Progress in Heritable Soft Connective Tissue Diseases features very prominent physicians and scientists as contributors who bring their most recent discoveries to the benefit of readers. Their expertise will help clinicians with proper diagnosis of sometimes elusive and uncommon heritable diseases of soft connective tissues. This book also offers an update on the pathophysiology of these diseases, including an emphasis on unifying aspects such as connections between embryonic development of the different types of connective tissues and systems, and the role of TGF-beta in development and physiology of soft tissues. This new set of data explains, at least in part, why many of these disorders are interconnected, though the primary pathophysiological events, such as gene mutations, may be different for each disorder.

The Extracellular Matrix an Overview

The Extracellular Matrix  an Overview Book
Author : Robert Mecham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-16
ISBN : 3642165559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Methods in Extracellular Matrix Biology

Methods in Extracellular Matrix Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-05
ISBN : 0128122986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methods in Extra Cellular Matrix, Volume 142, a new volume in the Methods in Cell Biology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Unique to this updated volume are sections devoted to Elastin, Quantification of collagen and elastin, Fibrillins, Lysyl oxidase, Fibulins, Matrilins, Hyaluronic Acid, Small leucine-rich proteoglycans, Syndecans, Fibronectin, SPARC, Thrombospondins, Tenascins, Collagen IV, Multi-photon analysis of ECM, Cell-derived extracellular matrices, Laminins, Fibrillar Collagens, Imaging ECM in developing embryos, Analysis of Matrix Degradation, Ultrastructural analysis of ECM, Versican and Large proteoglycans, and an ECM crosslink analysis. This series covers a wide array of topics about the extracellular matrix, including an understanding of crucial proteins and glycoproteins components of ECM. Contains contributions from experts in the field from across the world Covers a wide array of topics on the extracellular matrix, including an understanding crucial proteins and the glycoproteins components of ECM Includes analysis based topics, such as quantification of collagen and elastin, mulit-photon analysis of ECM and ECM crosslink analysis

Cell Surface Proteins of Gram positive Pathogenic Bacteria

Cell Surface Proteins of Gram positive Pathogenic Bacteria Book
Author : Magnus Hook,Timothy J. Foster
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-07-14
ISBN : 2889710467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cell Surface Proteins of Gram positive Pathogenic Bacteria book written by Magnus Hook,Timothy J. Foster, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body Book
Author : Francesco Travascio
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-06-15
ISBN : 9535124153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an ensemble of non-cellular components present within all tissues and organs of the human body. The ECM provides structural support for scaffolding cellular constituents and biochemical and biomechanical support for those events leading to tissue morphogenesis, differentiation and homeostasis. Essential components of all ECMs are water, proteins and polysaccharides. However, their composition, architecture and bioactivity greatly vary from tissue to tissue in relation to the specific role the ECM is required to assume. This book overviews the role of the ECM in different tissues and organs of the human body.

Cardiac Extracellular Matrix

Cardiac Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : Eric G. Schmuck,Peiman Hematti,Amish N. Raval
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-20
ISBN : 3319974211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM) features three sections, Fundamental Science, Pre-Clinical and Translational Science, and Clinical Applications. In the Fundamental Science section, we will cover the spectrum of basic ECM science from ECM’s role in development, biomechanical properties, cardiac ECM influence of cardiomyocyte biology, pathophysiology of ECM in heart disease, and ECM in tissue engineering. Section two, Preclinical and Translational Science, will discuss cardiac ECM technologies in the clinical pipeline including approaches to ECM as a therapeutic, animal models of cardiac research, tracking and imaging methods of cardiac ECM, and cGMP manufacturing and regulatory considerations for ECM based therapeutics. Finally, the third section, Clinical Applications, will highlight the clinical experience around cardiac ECM including therapeutic strategies targeting scar tissue in the heart, Clinical trial design and regulatory considerations, current human clinical trials in cardiovascular medicine and the role of pharmaceutical and biotech companies in the commercialization of ECM technologies for cardiovascular indications. This book provides a comprehensive review for basic and translational researchers as well as clinical practitioners and those involved in commercialization, regulatory and entrepreneurial activities.

Carbohydrate Chemistry Chemical and Biological Approaches Volume 44

Carbohydrate Chemistry  Chemical and Biological Approaches Volume 44 Book
Author : Amelia Pilar Rauter,Thisbe K Lindhorst,Yves Queneau
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-10-06
ISBN : 1788013689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbohydrate Chemistry is an invaluable volume demonstrating the interdisciplinary nature of modern carbohydrate research and containing analysed, evaluated and distilled information on the latest research in the area.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book
Author : Bruce Alberts
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780815332183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molecular Biology of the Cell book written by Bruce Alberts, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolution of Extracellular Matrix

Evolution of Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : Fred W. Keeley,Robert Mecham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 3642360025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolution of single cells into multicellular organisms was mediated, in large part, by the extracellular matrix. The proteins and glycoconjugates that make up the extracellular matrix provide structural support to cellular complexes, facilitate cell adhesion and migration, and impart mechanical properties that are important for tissue function. Each class of ECM macromolecule has evolved to incorporate distinctive properties that are defined by conserved modules that are mixed together to achieve appropriate function. This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of how the major ECM components evolved over time in order to fill their specific roles found in modern organisms. The major focus is on the structural matrix proteins, matricellular proteins, and more complex ECM structures such as basement membranes. Adhesive proteins and their receptors are also discussed.

The Human Gut Liver Axis in Health and Disease

The Human Gut Liver Axis in Health and Disease Book
Author : Aleksander Krag,Torben Hansen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 3319988905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book brings together the current knowledge and future perspectives of the complex physiology and pathophysiology of gut-liver interactions in health and disease. It provides readers with a unique overview and access to knowledge that cannot be obtained elsewhere. The structure is logical and covers all aspect including the normal physiology, changes in various liver diseases, technology, sample collection and various interventions. Thus suitable for general reading, lookup for specific questions or as a reference book within the area. The book allows the reader to access all the knowledge that has been generated within the last 10 years in this field.

Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Ageing Part II Clinical Science

Biochemistry and Cell Biology of Ageing  Part II Clinical Science Book
Author : J. Robin Harris,Viktor I. Korolchuk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-19
ISBN : 9811336814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of the subcellular Biochemistry series will attempt to bridge the gap between the subcellular events that are related to aging as they were described in the first volume of this set of two books and the reality of aging as this is seen in clinical practice. All chapters will start from the biochemistry or cell biology, where the data is available and work up towards the understanding that we have of aging in the various areas that are related to the subject. Key focus points for this volume are nutrition, external factors and genetics on aging. There will also be chapters that will focus on various organs or tissues in which aging has been well studied, like the eyes, the muscles, the immune system and the bones. The aim of the book project and the book project that is published in concert with this volume is to bring the subcellular and clinical areas into closer contact.

Biomarkers in Liver Disease

Biomarkers in Liver Disease Book
Author : Victor R. Preedy,Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 9789400776746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade there has been a major sea change in the way disease is diagnosed and investigated due to the advent of high throughput technologies, such as microarrays, lab on a chip, proteomics, genomics, lipomics, metabolomics etc. These advances have enabled the discovery of new and novel markers of disease relating to autoimmune disorders, cancers, endocrine diseases, genetic disorders, sensory damage, intestinal diseases etc. In many instances these developments have gone hand in hand with the discovery of biomarkers elucidated via traditional or conventional methods, such as histopathology or clinical biochemistry. Together with microprocessor-based data analysis, advanced statistics and bioinformatics these markers have been used to identify individuals with active disease or pathology as well as those who are refractory or have distinguishing pathologies. New analytical methods that have been used to identify markers of disease and is suggested that there may be as many as 40 different platforms. Unfortunately techniques and methods have not been readily transferable to other disease states and sometimes diagnosis still relies on single analytes rather than a cohort of markers. There is thus a demand for a comprehensive and focused evidenced-based text and scientific literature that addresses these issues. Hence the formulation of Biomarkers in Disease The series covers a wide number of areas including for example, nutrition, cancer, endocrinology, cardiology, addictions, immunology, birth defects, genetics, and so on. The chapters are written by national or international experts and specialists.

Introduction to Nanoscience

Introduction to Nanoscience Book
Author : Gabor L. Hornyak,Joydeep Dutta,H.F. Tibbals,Anil Rao
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-05-15
ISBN : 1420048066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tomorrow’s nanoscientist will have a truly interdisciplinary and nano-centric education, rather than, for example, a degree in chemistry with a specialization in nanoscience. For this to happen, the field needs a truly focused and dedicated textbook. This full-color masterwork is such a textbook. It introduces the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology. This book is written to provide a companion volume to Fundamentals of Nanotechnology. The two companion volumes are also available bound together in the single volume, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

An Introduction to Biomechanics

An Introduction to Biomechanics Book
Author : Jay D. Humphrey,Sherry DeLange
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489903259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate students, "Introduction to Biomechanics" takes the fresh approach of combining the viewpoints of both a well-respected teacher and a successful student. With an eye toward practicality without loss of depth of instruction, this book seeks to explain the fundamental concepts of biomechanics. With the accompanying web site providing models, sample problems, review questions and more, Introduction to Biomechanics provides students with the full range of instructional material for this complex and dynamic field.

Extracellular Matrix Pathobiology and Signaling

Extracellular Matrix  Pathobiology and Signaling Book
Author : Nikos Karamanos
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2012-08-31
ISBN : 3110258773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last decades cell biology and biological chemistry have increasingly turned their attention to the space between cells and revealed an elaborate network of macromolecules essential for structural support, cell migration, adhesion and signaling. This comprehensive handbook of the extracellular matrix is organized into seven thematic sections, giving an overview of the current state of knowledge of matrix components (structure and function), their roles in health and disease (matrix pathobiology) as well as new concepts of pharmacological targeting.

Cell Biology of Extracellular Matrix

Cell Biology of Extracellular Matrix Book
Author : E.D. Hay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1461537703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the ten-year interval since the first edition of this volume went to press, our knowledge of extracellular matrix (ECM) function and structure has enor mously increased. Extracellular matrix and cell-matrix interaction are now routine topics in the meetings and annual reviews sponsored by cell biology societies. Research in molecular biology has so advanced the number of known matrix molecules and the topic of gene structure and regulation that we won dered how best to incorporate the new material. For example, we deliberated over the inclusion of chapters on molecular genetics. We decided that with judicious editing we could present the recent findings in molecular biology within the same cell biology framework that was used for the first edition, using three broad headings: what is extracellular matrix, how is it made, and what does it do for cells? Maintaining control over the review of literature on the subject of ECM was not always an easy task, but we felt it was essential to production of a highly readable volume, one compact enough to serve the the student as an introduction and the investigator as a quick update on graduate the important recent discoveries. The first edition of this volume enjoyed con hope the reader finds this edition equally useful. siderable success; we D. Hay Elizabeth vii Contents Introductory Remarks 1 Elizabeth D. Hay PART I. WHAT IS EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX? Chapter 1 Collagen T. F. Linsenmayer 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. The Collagen Molecule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2. 1. Triple-Helical Domain(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .