Skip to main content

Biobanks

In Order to Read Online or Download Biobanks Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Biobanks and Tissue Research

Biobanks and Tissue Research Book
Author : Christian Lenk,Judit Sándor,Bert Gordijn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-30
ISBN : 9789400716735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The research field of biobanks and tissue research is highly promising. Many projects around the globe are involved in the collection of human tissue and health data for research purposes. These initiatives are driven by the perspective of decisive breakthroughs in the knowledge of the genetic pathways involved in widespread diseases. However, there are considerable ethical and legal challenges to be considered as well. These challenges encompass the use of body material for research purposes, the misuse of genetic and other health data by third parties, trust in science and medicine, concerns regarding privacy, use of genetic data for forensic applications by the state and the police, and regulatory issues. This volume is divided into three parts: the inclusion of the public, the rights of donors and patients, examples and recommendations for the future of tissue research. It presents a comprehensive overview of the most important topics in the field by renowned scholars in medical ethics and biolaw.

Biobanks

Biobanks Book
Author : Herbert Gottweis,Alan Petersen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-04-28
ISBN : 1134090277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In recent years, a number of large population-based biobanks – genetic databases that combine genetic information derived from blood samples with personal data about environment, medical history, lifestyle or genealogy – have been set up in order to study the interface between disease, and genetic and environmental factors. Unsurprisingly, these studies have sparked a good deal of controversy and the ethical and social implications have been widely debated. Biobanks: Governance in Comparative Perspective is the first book to explore the political and governance implications of biobanks in Europe, the United States, Asia, and Australia. This book explores: the interrelated conditions needed for a biobank to be created and to exist the rise of the new bio-economy the redefinition of citizenship accompanying national biobank developments This groundbreaking book makes clear that biobanks are a phenomenon that cannot be disconnected from considerations of power, politics, and the reshaping of current practices in governance. It will be a valuable read for scholars and students of genetics, bioethics, risk, public health and the sociology of health and illness.

Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks

Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks Book
Author : Giovanni Pascuzzi,Umberto Izzo,Matteo Macilotti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-30
ISBN : 3642331165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In the last few years, the boom in biobanking has prompted a lively debate on a host of interrelated legal issues, such as the Gordian knot of the ownership of biological materials, as well as privacy concerns. The latter are due to the difficulty of accepting that biological samples must be completely anonymous without making it practically impossible to exploit their information potential. The issues also include the delicate role and the changing content of the donor’s “informed consent” as the main legal tool that may serve to link the privacy and property interests of donors with the research interests and the set of principles that should be at the core of the biobanking practice. Lastly, the IP issues and the patentability of biological samples as well as the protection of databases storing genetic information obtained from the samples are covered. Collecting eighteen essays written by eminent scholars from Italy, the US, the UK and Canada, this book provides new solutions to these problems. From a comparative viewpoint, it explores the extent to which digital technology may assist in tackling the numerous regulatory issues raised by the practice of biobanking for research purposes. These issues may be considered and analyzed under the traditional paradigms of Property, Privacy, Informed Consent and Intellectual Property.

Biobanks

Biobanks Book
Author : Antonella De Robbio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-11-26
ISBN : 1908818611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Biobanks represent an invaluable research tool and, as a result of their intrinsic and extrinsic nature, may be looked upon as archives or repositories largely made up of libraries, or collections of content where the content is the biological material derived from different individuals or species, representing valuable tangible assets. Biobanks analyses aspects of the commons and common intellectual property relating to the concepts of private property, not only concerning data but biological materials as well, and the advantages and disadvantages of patents in scientific research. Several recent initiatives in biomedical research have attempted to make their data freely available to others, so as to foster innovation. Many of these initiatives have adopted the open source model, which has gained widespread recognition in the computer industry. This title is structured into eight chapters and begins with an introduction, which is followed by chapters that discuss how the term ‘biobank’ came about in scientific literature; legal matters relating to biobanks; and intellectual and physical property. Later chapters comprehensively analyse the intellectual property of biobanks within the sphere of copyright; biotechnological inventions and research patentability; open data sharing in biobanks; and biobanks as commons or vault. Considers biobanks as both repositories and as collections of tangible assets Argues that the data in biobanks represents a high value intangible asset Explores regulatory gaps exploited by the private sector

Human Genetic Biobanks in Asia

Human Genetic Biobanks in Asia Book
Author : Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-11-19
ISBN : 1135784515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume investigates human genetic biobanking and its regulation in various Asian countries and areas, including Japan, Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, India and Indonesia.. It sheds light on how cultural, socio-political and economic factors influence the set-up of bioethical regulation for human genetic biobanks and how bioethical sensitivities surrounding biobanks are handled. Apart from placing discourses of trust in an international perspective, the comparative materials presented in this volume also put into perspective the concepts of genetic theft and exploitation, and genetic wealth and trust. This collection contains case studies of biobanking practices in societies with different needs and welfare levels, and provides insights into government strategies towards genetic resources by examining bioethics as practised at home.

Governing Biobanks

Governing Biobanks Book
Author : Jane Kaye,Susan Gibbons,Catherine Heeney,Andrew Smart
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2012-02-03
ISBN : 1847318835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Biobanks are proliferating rapidly worldwide because they are powerful tools and organisational structures for undertaking medical research. By linking samples to data on the health of individuals, it is anticipated that biobanks will be used to explore the relationship between genes, environment and lifestyle for many diseases, as well as the potential of individually-tailored drug treatments based on genetic predisposition. However, they also raise considerable challenges for existing legal frameworks and research governance structures. This book critically examines the current governance structures in place for biobanks in England and Wales. It shows that the technologies, techniques and practices involved in biobanking do not always conform neatly to existing legal principles and frameworks that apply to other areas of medical research. Using a socio-legal approach, including interview data gathered from the scientific community, this book provides unique insights and makes recommendations about appropriate governance mechanisms for biobanking in the future. It also explores the issues around the secondary use of information, such as consent and how to protect privacy, when biobanks are accessed by a number of different third parties. These issues have relevance both within England and Wales and to a wide international audience, as well as for other areas where large datasets are used.

Ethical Issues in Governing Biobanks

Ethical Issues in Governing Biobanks Book
Author : Nikola Biller-Andorno,Alexander M. Capron
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 1317141482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Population genomics research drawing on genetic databases has expanded rapidly, with some of this information being combined in 'biobanks'. Managing this information in an appropriate way is a highly complex ethical issue in the health policy arena. This book combines theoretical and empirical research to analyze the areas of conflict and consensus in the regulatory and ethical frameworks that have been developed to govern biobanks. Ethicists from the Department of Ethics, Trade, Human Rights and Health Law (ETH) of the World Health Organization, the Institute of Biomedical Ethics of Geneva University and the Institute of Biomedical Ethics of the University of Zurich, with the support of the Geneva International Academic Network (GIAN), examine the conditions under which genetic databases can be established, kept, and made use of in an ethically acceptable way. In addition to a comprehensive review of the scientific literature and a comparative analysis of existing normative frameworks, they present the results of in-depth interviews with experts around the world concerning the most unresolved and controversial issues. The results of that study, combined with their normative analysis, leads to recommendations for a better international framework.

The Ethics of Research Biobanking

The Ethics of Research Biobanking Book
Author : Jan Helge Solbakk,Soren Holm,B. Hofmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-07-31
ISBN : 0387938729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Biobanking, i.e. storage of biological samples or data emerging from such samples for diagnostic, therapeutic or research purposes, has been going on for decades. However, it is only since the mid 1990s that these activities have become the subject of considerable public attention, concern and debate. This shift in climate is due to several factors. The purpose of this book is to investigate some of the ethical, legal and social challenges raised by research biobanking in its different modern forms and formats. The issues raised by research biobanking in its modern form can be divided into four main clusters: how biological materials are entered into the bank; research biobanks as institutions; under what conditions researchers can access materials in the bank, and problems concerning ownership of biological materials and of intellectual property arising from such materials; and how the information is collected and stored, e.g. access-rights, disclosure, confidentiality, data security and data protection.

Principles and Practice in Biobank Governance

Principles and Practice in Biobank Governance Book
Author : Mark Stranger
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-15
ISBN : 1317075889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Rapid technological advances, the establishment of large-scale biobanks, and the exchange of data across international boundaries raise a variety of questions for regulators struggling with the problem of how to govern such stores of information and the processes connected with them. Engaging with the pressing issues of privacy, consent, access to data, and benefit sharing, Principles and Practice in Biobank Governance draws together the latest empirical research from the UK, Europe, America, Australia and Asia to focus on these challenges. Current models of governance are critiqued, principles and policies are debated, and new models and theoretical frameworks are presented through this intellectually stimulating, informative volume. This truly international volume offers new insights from a range of disciplinary perspectives and will be essential reading for policy makers and scholars across a range of social sciences, including sociology, bioethics, law and social policy.

Biobanks

Biobanks Book
Author : Clare Wenham
Publisher :
Release : 2014
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Biobanks are repositories of biological samples, physical measurements and outcome and behavioural data collected for research, clinical practice or public health monitoring. Most biobanks are established to investigate the common determinants of mortality and morbidity. This briefing updates POSTnote 180 and summarises biobank activity in the UK and the legal, ethical and practical issues.

New Challenges for Biobanks

New Challenges for Biobanks Book
Author : Kris Dierickx
Publisher : Intersentia Uitgevers N V
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The book is a collection of papers presented during an international conference, held in Leuven May 18-20, 2009, organized by the Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law of the Catholic University of Leuven and the GeneBanC project.

Debating Human Genetics

Debating Human Genetics Book
Author : Alexandra Plows
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-07-20
ISBN : 1134057865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Debating Human Genetics is based on ethnographic research focusing primarily on the UK publics who are debating and engaging with human genetics, and related bio and techno-science. Drawing on recent interviews and data, collated in a range of public settings, it provides a unique overview of multiple publics as they ‘frame’ the stake of the debates in this emerging, complex and controversial arena. The book outlines key sites and applications of human genetics that have sparked public interest, such as biobanks, stem cells, genetic screening and genomics. It also addresses the ‘scientific contoversies’ that have made considerable impact in the public sphere – the UK police DNA database, gene patenting, ‘saviour siblings’, and human cloning. By grounding the concepts and issues of human genetics in the real life narratives and actions of patient groups, genetic watchdogs, scientists, policy makers, and many other public groups, the book exemplifies how human genetics is a site where public knowledge and value claims converge and collide, and identifies the emergence of ‘hybrid publics’ who are engaging with this hybrid science.

First Do No Harm

First Do No Harm Book
Author : Sheila McLean
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780754626145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This collection of essays from leading figures in the field of medical law and ethics is a lasting testimony to the work of one of the most eminent scholars in the area, Professor Ken Mason. The wide-ranging contents and the standing of the contributors mean that this collection will be an invaluable resource for anyone studying or working in medical law or medical ethics.

Trust in Biobanking

Trust in Biobanking Book
Author : Peter Dabrock,Jochen Taupitz,Jens Ried
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-22
ISBN : 354078845X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Biobanks are promising instruments of biomedical research and of transnational medicine in particular. Ethical, legal and social issues associated with biobanking, however, have recently led to a more critical view on this concept. All efforts addressing these concerns have been grounded on well-established standards of biomedical ethics such as informed consent procedures, protection of individual autonomy, benefit sharing etc. By additionally highlighting the widely neglected aspect of trust, this book aims at broadening the horizon of the ELSI-debate and thus filling a gap in current research on biobanking. The contributions of leading experts and junior researchers cover a wide field of disciplines relevant for biobanking including law, ethics, medicine, public health, social sciences, philosophy and theology.

Ethics Law and Society

Ethics  Law  and Society Book
Author : Jennifer Gunning,Søren Holm
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780754676461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume brings together selected papers commissioned and published by the Cardiff Centre for Ethics, Law & Society and includes contributions from international experts on topics including agriculture, ethics and bioethics.

The Ethical and Legal Regulation of Human Tissue and Biobank Research in Europe

The Ethical and Legal Regulation of Human Tissue and Biobank Research in Europe Book
Author : Katharina Beier,Silvia Schnorrer,Christian Lenk,Nils Hoppe
Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Release : 2011
ISBN : 3863950313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Human tissue and biobank research is of increasing importance for understanding the causes of widespread diseases and developing effective therapies. However, while the success of biobank research depends on the availability of a large number of samples and the consolidation of collections across country borders is very desirable from the perspective of researchers, the legal and ethical requirements for the procurement, storage and use of human tissue samples are rather heterogeneous across different countries. Moreover, the lack of comprehensive supranational regulation on human tissue and biobanking can be seen as posing a serious threat to transnational biomedical research. Against this background, it was one of the aims of the EU-funded Tiss. EU project ("Evaluation of Legislation and Related Guidelines on the Procurement, Storage and Transfer of Human Tissues and Cells in the European Union - an Evidence-Based Impact Analysis") to analyse the ethical and legal regulation of human tissue and biobank research across the 27 European Member States plus Switzerland. The results of nine international workshops and three conferences are gathered in this volume. While the country reports evaluate the implementation of ethical and legal guidelines at a national level, point out their strengths and deficits, and, where required, create an evidence base for the revision of said legislation, the conference reports address more general ethical and legal issues in this field. The volume is completed by a final presentation of project's results.

Ethical Issues of Human Genetic Databases

Ethical Issues of Human Genetic Databases Book
Author : Professor Bernice Elger
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release : 2013-02-28
ISBN : 140949716X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Following the boom in population databases in recent years there has been sustained and intense international debate about political processes and legal and ethical issues surrounding the protection and use of genetic data. As a result, several national and international organizations and committees have published widely differing guidelines and statements concerning genetic databases and biobanks. Ethical Issues of Human Genetic Databases compares the new area of biobanking with the tradition of ethically accepted classical research and highlights the distinctive features of existing databases and guidelines. The volume identifies areas of consensus and controversy while investigating the challenges posed to classical health research ethics by the existence of genetic databases, analyzing the reasons for such varying guidelines. The book will be essential to academics, biobankers, policy-makers and researchers in the field of medical ethics.

The Politics of Self Governance

The Politics of Self Governance Book
Author : Professor Eva Sørensen,Professor Peter Triantafillou
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release : 2013-03-28
ISBN : 1409499170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Liberal democracies are experiencing a major transformation of public governance by which self-regulation, co-operation and negotiation between public and private actors and across different political-administrative levels play an increasingly important role for policy-making and implementation. Using the term 'governance imagery', or what a given society envisions to be the proper way of governing public affairs, this volume examines the emergence, causes and consequences of the politics of self-governance both within relevant social science theorizing and in the everyday production of public governance in various policy areas. It questions how self-governance materialized in various areas of public governance in different liberal democracies, and the driving forces and political effects of attempts to enhance the role of self-governance. Challenging the theory and practice of public administration, The Politics of Self-Governance is an indispensable read for all those interested in new forms of public governance.

Individualized Medicine Between Hype and Hope

Individualized Medicine Between Hype and Hope Book
Author : Peter Dabrock,Matthias Braun,Jens Ried
Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
Release : 2012
ISBN : 3643902980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

"Individualized medicine" is a catchphrase currently used to denote efforts in medical research and practice to establish tailored healthcare. The vision of "personalized" medicine has proved to be highly ambivalent, reflecting hype and hope - compared to the great expectations only very few applications have been realized up to now. The contributions to this volume discuss the challenges for patients, doctors, and the healthcare system and examine ethical and societal issues arising from one the most promising and most controversial developments in medical science and biotechnology. (Series: Medizin und Gesellschaft - Vol. 19)