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Big Data And Ethics

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The Ethics of Biomedical Big Data

The Ethics of Biomedical Big Data Book
Author : Brent Daniel Mittelstadt,Luciano Floridi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-03
ISBN : 3319335251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents cutting edge research on the new ethical challenges posed by biomedical Big Data technologies and practices. ‘Biomedical Big Data’ refers to the analysis of aggregated, very large datasets to improve medical knowledge and clinical care. The book describes the ethical problems posed by aggregation of biomedical datasets and re-use/re-purposing of data, in areas such as privacy, consent, professionalism, power relationships, and ethical governance of Big Data platforms. Approaches and methods are discussed that can be used to address these problems to achieve the appropriate balance between the social goods of biomedical Big Data research and the safety and privacy of individuals. Seventeen original contributions analyse the ethical, social and related policy implications of the analysis and curation of biomedical Big Data, written by leading experts in the areas of biomedical research, medical and technology ethics, privacy, governance and data protection. The book advances our understanding of the ethical conundrums posed by biomedical Big Data, and shows how practitioners and policy-makers can address these issues going forward.

Ethical Reasoning in Big Data

Ethical Reasoning in Big Data Book
Author : Jeff Collmann,Sorin Adam Matei
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-03
ISBN : 9783319284200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book springs from a multidisciplinary, multi-organizational, and multi-sector conversation about the privacy and ethical implications of research in human affairs using big data. The need to cultivate and enlist the public’s trust in the abilities of particular scientists and scientific institutions constitutes one of this book’s major themes. The advent of the Internet, the mass digitization of research information, and social media brought about, among many other things, the ability to harvest – sometimes implicitly – a wealth of human genomic, biological, behavioral, economic, political, and social data for the purposes of scientific research as well as commerce, government affairs, and social interaction. What type of ethical dilemmas did such changes generate? How should scientists collect, manipulate, and disseminate this information? The effects of this revolution and its ethical implications are wide-ranging. This book includes the opinions of myriad investigators, practitioners, and stakeholders in big data on human beings who also routinely reflect on the privacy and ethical issues of this phenomenon. Dedicated to the practice of ethical reasoning and reflection in action, the book offers a range of observations, lessons learned, reasoning tools, and suggestions for institutional practice to promote responsible big data research on human affairs. It caters to a broad audience of educators, researchers, and practitioners. Educators can use the volume in courses related to big data handling and processing. Researchers can use it for designing new methods of collecting, processing, and disseminating big data, whether in raw form or as analysis results. Lastly, practitioners can use it to steer future tools or procedures for handling big data. As this topic represents an area of great interest that still remains largely undeveloped, this book is sure to attract significant interest by filling an obvious gap in currently available literature.

Big Data and Ethics

Big Data and Ethics Book
Author : Jérôme Béranger
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-21
ISBN : 0081010621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Faced with the exponential development of Big Data and both its legal and economic repercussions, we are still slightly in the dark concerning the use of digital information. In the perpetual balance between confidentiality and transparency, this data will lead us to call into question how we understand certain paradigms, such as the Hippocratic Oath in medicine. As a consequence, a reflection on the study of the risks associated with the ethical issues surrounding the design and manipulation of this “massive data seems to be essential. This book provides a direction and ethical value to these significant volumes of data. It proposes an ethical analysis model and recommendations to better keep this data in check. This empirical and ethico-technical approach brings together the first aspects of a moral framework directed toward thought, conscience and the responsibility of citizens concerned by the use of data of a personal nature. Defines Big Data applications in health Presents the ethical value of the medical datasphere via the description of a model of an ethical analysis of Big Data Provides the recommendations and steps necessary for successful management and governance of personal health data Helps readers determine what conditions are essential for the development of the study of Big Data

Ethics in Big Data

Ethics in Big Data Book
Author : Jrme Branger
Publisher : Iste Press - Elsevier
Release : 2016-04-27
ISBN : 9781785480256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Faced with the exponential development of Big Data and both its legal and economic repercussions, we are still slightly in the dark concerning the use of digital information. In the perpetual balance between confidentiality and transparency, this data will lead us to call into question how we understand certain paradigms, such as the Hippocratic Oath in medicine. As a consequence, a reflection on the study of the risks associated with the ethical issues surrounding the design and manipulation of this "massive data" seems to be essential. This book provides a direction and ethical value to these significant volumes of data. It proposes an ethical analysis model and recommendations to better keep this data in check. This empirical and ethico-technical approach brings together the first aspects of a moral framework directed toward thought, conscience and the responsibility of citizens concerned by the use of data of a personal nature. Defines Big Data applications in health Presents the ethical value of the medical datasphere via the description of a model of an ethical analysis of Big Data Provides the recommendations and steps necessary for successful management and governance of personal health data Helps readers determine what conditions are essential for the development of the study of Big Data

Ethics of Big Data

Ethics of Big Data Book
Author : Kord Davis
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2012-09-13
ISBN : 1449357490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What are your organization’s policies for generating and using huge datasets full of personal information? This book examines ethical questions raised by the big data phenomenon, and explains why enterprises need to reconsider business decisions concerning privacy and identity. Authors Kord Davis and Doug Patterson provide methods and techniques to help your business engage in a transparent and productive ethical inquiry into your current data practices. Both individuals and organizations have legitimate interests in understanding how data is handled. Your use of data can directly affect brand quality and revenue—as Target, Apple, Netflix, and dozens of other companies have discovered. With this book, you’ll learn how to align your actions with explicit company values and preserve the trust of customers, partners, and stakeholders. Review your data-handling practices and examine whether they reflect core organizational values Express coherent and consistent positions on your organization’s use of big data Define tactical plans to close gaps between values and practices—and discover how to maintain alignment as conditions change over time Maintain a balance between the benefits of innovation and the risks of unintended consequences

Big Data Challenges

Big Data Challenges Book
Author : Anno Bunnik,Anthony Cawley,Michael Mulqueen,Andrej Zwitter
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 1349948853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together an impressive range of academic and intelligence professional perspectives to interrogate the social, ethical and security upheavals in a world increasingly driven by data. Written in a clear and accessible style, it offers fresh insights to the deep reaching implications of Big Data for communication, privacy and organisational decision-making. It seeks to demystify developments around Big Data before evaluating their current and likely future implications for areas as diverse as corporate innovation, law enforcement, data science, journalism, and food security. The contributors call for a rethinking of the legal, ethical and philosophical frameworks that inform the responsibilities and behaviours of state, corporate, institutional and individual actors in a more networked, data-centric society. In doing so, the book addresses the real world risks, opportunities and potentialities of Big Data.

Big Data Ethics In Research

Big Data Ethics In Research Book
Author : Nicolae Sfetcu
Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
Release : 2019-09-16
ISBN : 0359919022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main problems faced by scientists in working with Big Data sets, highlighting the main ethical issues, taking into account the legislation of the European Union. After a brief Introduction to Big Data, the Technology section presents specific research applications. There is an approach to the main philosophical issues in Philosophical Aspects, and Legal Aspects with specific ethical issues in the EU Regulation on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (Data Protection Directive - General Data Protection Regulation, "GDPR"). The Ethics Issues section details the specific aspects of Big Data. After a brief section of Big Data Research, I finalize my work with the presentation of Conclusions on research ethics in working with Big Data.

Framing Big Data

Framing Big Data Book
Author : Maria Cristina Paganoni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 3030167887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses big data as a socio-technical construct with huge potential for innovation in key sectors such as healthcare, government and business. Big data and its increasingly widespread use in such influential spheres can generate ethically controversial decisions, including questions surrounding privacy, consent and accountability. This book attempts to unpack the epistemological implications of the term ‘big data’, as well as the opportunities and responsibilities which come with it. The author analyses the linguistic texture of the big data narrative in the news media, in healthcare and in EU law on data protection, in order to contribute to its understanding from the critical perspective of language studies. The result is a study which will be of interest to students and scholars working in the digital humanities, corpus linguistics, and discourse studies.

The Big Data Agenda

The Big Data Agenda Book
Author : Annika Richterich
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781911534723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current big data practices are largely guided by deliberations concerning their efficiency, and optimisation. Yet there is another perspective. This book highlights that the capacity for gathering, analysing, and utilising vast amounts of digital (user) data raise significant ethical issues. Annika Richterich provides a systematic contemporary overview of the field of critical data studies that reflects on - corporate, institutional, and governmental - practices of digital data collection and analysis. It assesses in detail one big data research area: biomedical studies, focused on epidemiological surveillance. Specific case studies explore how big data have been used in academic work. The Big Data Agenda concludes by asking if data ownership can be reclaimed by citizens from being simply an assertion of a conception of rights to (user) data that is defined by technological domination. She argues data literacy and discourse ethics may contain solutions as well as a critique.

Foundations of Information Ethics

Foundations of Information Ethics Book
Author : John T. F. Burgess,Emily J. M. Knox
Publisher : American Library Association
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 0838917224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foreword by Robert Hauptman As discussions about the roles played by information in economic, political, and social arenas continue to evolve, the need for an intellectual primer on information ethics that also functions as a solid working casebook for LIS students and professionals has never been more urgent. This text, written by a stellar group of ethics scholars and contributors from around the globe, expertly fills that need. Organized into twelve chapters, making it ideal for use by instructors, this volume from editors Burgess and Knox thoroughly covers principles and concepts in information ethics, as well as the history of ethics in the information professions; examines human rights, information access, privacy, discourse, intellectual property, censorship, data and cybersecurity ethics, intercultural information ethics, and global digital citizenship and responsibility; synthesizes the philosophical underpinnings of these key subjects with abundant primary source material to provide historical context along with timely and relevant case studies; features contributions from John M. Budd, Paul T. Jaeger, Rachel Fischer, Margaret Zimmerman, Kathrine A. Henderson, Peter Darch, Michael Zimmer, and Masooda Bashir, among others; and offers a special concluding chapter by Amelia Gibson that explores emerging issues in information ethics, including discussions ranging from the ethics of social media and social movements to AI decision making. This important survey will be a key text for LIS students and an essential reference work for practitioners.

Applied Data Science

Applied Data Science Book
Author : Martin Braschler,Thilo Stadelmann,Kurt Stockinger
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-13
ISBN : 3030118215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has two main goals: to define data science through the work of data scientists and their results, namely data products, while simultaneously providing the reader with relevant lessons learned from applied data science projects at the intersection of academia and industry. As such, it is not a replacement for a classical textbook (i.e., it does not elaborate on fundamentals of methods and principles described elsewhere), but systematically highlights the connection between theory, on the one hand, and its application in specific use cases, on the other. With these goals in mind, the book is divided into three parts: Part I pays tribute to the interdisciplinary nature of data science and provides a common understanding of data science terminology for readers with different backgrounds. These six chapters are geared towards drawing a consistent picture of data science and were predominantly written by the editors themselves. Part II then broadens the spectrum by presenting views and insights from diverse authors – some from academia and some from industry, ranging from financial to health and from manufacturing to e-commerce. Each of these chapters describes a fundamental principle, method or tool in data science by analyzing specific use cases and drawing concrete conclusions from them. The case studies presented, and the methods and tools applied, represent the nuts and bolts of data science. Finally, Part III was again written from the perspective of the editors and summarizes the lessons learned that have been distilled from the case studies in Part II. The section can be viewed as a meta-study on data science across a broad range of domains, viewpoints and fields. Moreover, it provides answers to the question of what the mission-critical factors for success in different data science undertakings are. The book targets professionals as well as students of data science: first, practicing data scientists in industry and academia who want to broaden their scope and expand their knowledge by drawing on the authors’ combined experience. Second, decision makers in businesses who face the challenge of creating or implementing a data-driven strategy and who want to learn from success stories spanning a range of industries. Third, students of data science who want to understand both the theoretical and practical aspects of data science, vetted by real-world case studies at the intersection of academia and industry.

Research Ethics in the Digital Age

Research Ethics in the Digital Age Book
Author : Farina Madita Dobrick,Jana Fischer,Lutz M. Hagen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-08
ISBN : 3658129093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book discusses the multiple issues of a digital research ethic in its interdisciplinary diversity. Digitization and mediatization alter social behavior and cultural traditions, thereby generating new objects of study and new research questions for the social sciences and humanities. Furthermore, mediatization and digitization increase the data volume and accessibility of (quantitative) research and proliferate methodological opportunities for scientific analyses. Hence, they profoundly affect research practices in multiple ways. While consequences concerning the subjects, objects, and addressees of research in the social sciences and humanities have rarely been reflected upon, this reflection lies at the center of the book.

Ethical Data Mining Applications for Socio Economic Development

Ethical Data Mining Applications for Socio Economic Development Book
Author : Hakikur Rahman,Isabel Ramos
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2013-05-31
ISBN : 1466640790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides an overview of data mining techniques under an ethical lens, investigating developments in research best practices and examining experimental cases to identify potential ethical dilemmas in the information and communications technology sector"--Provided by publisher.

Research Anthology on Big Data Analytics Architectures and Applications

Research Anthology on Big Data Analytics  Architectures  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 1668436639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Society is now completely driven by data with many industries relying on data to conduct business or basic functions within the organization. With the efficiencies that big data bring to all institutions, data is continuously being collected and analyzed. However, data sets may be too complex for traditional data-processing, and therefore, different strategies must evolve to solve the issue. The field of big data works as a valuable tool for many different industries. The Research Anthology on Big Data Analytics, Architectures, and Applications is a complete reference source on big data analytics that offers the latest, innovative architectures and frameworks and explores a variety of applications within various industries. Offering an international perspective, the applications discussed within this anthology feature global representation. Covering topics such as advertising curricula, driven supply chain, and smart cities, this research anthology is ideal for data scientists, data analysts, computer engineers, software engineers, technologists, government officials, managers, CEOs, professors, graduate students, researchers, and academicians.

The Big Data Agenda

The Big Data Agenda Book
Author : Annika Richterich
Publisher : University of Westminster Press
Release : 2018-04-13
ISBN : 1911534734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights that the capacity for gathering, analysing, and utilising vast amounts of digital (user) data raises significant ethical issues. Annika Richterich provides a systematic contemporary overview of the field of critical data studies that reflects on practices of digital data collection and analysis. The book assesses in detail one big data research area: biomedical studies, focused on epidemiological surveillance. Specific case studies explore how big data have been used in academic work. The Big Data Agenda concludes that the use of big data in research urgently needs to be considered from the vantage point of ethics and social justice. Drawing upon discourse ethics and critical data studies, Richterich argues that entanglements between big data research and technology/ internet corporations have emerged. In consequence, more opportunities for discussing and negotiating emerging research practices and their implications for societal values are needed.

Proceedings of 4th International Conference on BigData Analysis and Data Mining 2017

Proceedings of 4th International Conference on BigData Analysis and Data Mining 2017 Book
Author : ConferenceSeries
Publisher : ConferenceSeries
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

September 07-08, 2017 Paris, France Key Topics : Cloud computing, Forecasting from Big Data, Optimization and Big Data, New visualization techniques, Social network analysis, Search and data mining, Complexity and Algorithms, Open Data, ETL (Extract, Transform and Load), OLAP Technologies, Big Data Algorithm, Data Mining Analysis, Kernel Methods, Frequent Pattern Mining, Clustering, Data Privacy and Ethics, Big Data Technologies, Business Analytics, Data Mining Methods and Algorithms, Data Mining Tasks and Processes, Data Mining Applications in Science, Engineering, Healthcare and Medicine, Big Data Applications, Data Mining Tools and Software, Data Warehousing, Artificial Intelligence,

Seeing Cities Through Big Data

Seeing Cities Through Big Data Book
Author : Piyushimita (Vonu) Thakuriah,Nebiyou Tilahun,Moira Zellner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-07
ISBN : 3319409026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the latest thinking on the use of Big Data in the context of urban systems, including research and insights on human behavior, urban dynamics, resource use, sustainability and spatial disparities, where it promises improved planning, management and governance in the urban sectors (e.g., transportation, energy, smart cities, crime, housing, urban and regional economies, public health, public engagement, urban governance and political systems), as well as Big Data’s utility in decision-making, and development of indicators to monitor economic and social activity, and for urban sustainability, transparency, livability, social inclusion, place-making, accessibility and resilience.

Big Data on Campus

Big Data on Campus Book
Author : Karen L. Webber,Henry Y. Zheng
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
Release : 2020-11-03
ISBN : 1421439034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Webber, Henry Y. Zheng, Ying Zhou

Analytics and Big Data for Accountants

Analytics and Big Data for Accountants Book
Author : Jim Lindell
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-23
ISBN : 1119512360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytics is the new force driving business. Tools have been created to measure program impacts and ROI, visualize data and business processes, and uncover the relationship between key performance indicators, many using the unprecedented amount of data now flowing into organizations. Featuring updated examples and surveys, this dynamic book covers leading-edge topics in analytics and finance. It is packed with useful tips and practical guidance you can apply immediately. This book prepares accountants to: Deal with major trends in predictive analytics, optimization, correlation of metrics, and big data. Interpret and manage new trends in analytics techniques affecting your organization. Use new tools for data analytics. Critically interpret analytics reports and advise decision makers.

Management in the Era of Big Data

Management in the Era of Big Data Book
Author : Joanna Paliszkiewicz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-15
ISBN : 1000093670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a wonderful collection of chapters that posits how managers need to cope in the Big Data era. It highlights many of the emerging developments in technologies, applications, and trends related to management’s needs in this Big Data era. —Dr. Jay Liebowitz, Harrisburg University of Science and Technology This book presents some meaningful work on Big Data analytics and its applications. Each chapter generates helpful guidance to the readers on Big Data analytics and its applications, challenges, and prospects that is necessary for organizational strategic direction. —Dr. Alex Koohang, Middle Georgia State University Big Data is a concept that has caught the attention of practitioners, academicians, and researchers. Big Data offers organizations the possibility of gaining a competitive advantage by managing, collecting, and analyzing massive amounts of data. As the promises and challenges posed by Big Data have increased over the past decade, significant issues have developed regarding how data can be used for improving management. Big Data can be understood as large amounts of data generated by the Internet and a variety of connected smart devices and sensors. This book discusses the main challenges posed by Big Data in a manner relevant to both practitioners and scholars. It examines how companies can leverage Big Data analytics to act and optimize the business. This book brings together the theory and practice of management in the era of Big Data. It offers a look at the current state of Big Data, including a comprehensive overview of both research and practical applications. By bringing together conceptual thinking and empirical research on the nature, meaning, and development of Big Data in management, this book unifies research on Big Data in management to stimulate new directions for academic investigation as well as practice.