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Biaxial Stretching Of Film

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Biaxial Stretching of Film

Biaxial Stretching of Film Book
Author : Mark T. DeMeuse
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 0857092952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biaxial (having two axes) stretching of film is used for a range of applications and is the primary manufacturing process by which products are produced for the food packaging industry. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications provides an overview of the manufacturing processes and range of applications for biaxially stretched films. Part one reviews the fundamental principles of biaxial stretching. After an introductory chapter which defines terms, chapters discuss equipment design and requirements, laboratory evaluations, biaxial film structures and typical industrial processes for the biaxial orientation of films. Additional topics include post production processing of biaxially stretched films, the stress-strain behaviour of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and academic investigations of biaxially stretched films. Part two investigates the applications of biaxial films including fresh cut produce, snack packaging and product labelling. A final chapter investigates potential future trends for biaxially oriented films and orienting lines. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications is a valuable reference tool for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from polymer and fibre engineers to electrical engineers. It will also be suitable for professionals in the food packaging and paper industries. A valuable reference tool for polymer and fibre engineers, electrical engineers and professionals in the food packaging and paper industries Provides a comprehensive overview of the manufacturing processes of biaxially stretched films and includes a discussion of their future applications Places emphasis on the technology as well as the different types of polymers used

Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration

Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Book
Author : Zeman
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 135143151X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrates knowledge on microfiltration and ultrification, membrane chemistry, and characterization methods with the engineering and economic aspects of device performance, device and module design, processes, and applications. The text provides a discussion of membrane fundamentals and an analytical framework for designing and developing new filtrations systems for a broad range of technologically important functions. It offers information on membrane liquid precursors, fractal and stochastic pore space analysis, novel and advanced module designs, and original process design calculations.

Rechargeable Batteries

Rechargeable Batteries Book
Author : Zhengcheng Zhang,Sheng Shui Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-24
ISBN : 3319154583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book updates the latest advancements in new chemistries, novel materials and system integration of rechargeable batteries, including lithium-ion batteries and batteries beyond lithium-ion and addresses where the research is advancing in the near future in a brief and concise manner. The book is intended for a wide range of readers from undergraduates, postgraduates to senior scientists and engineers. In order to update the latest status of rechargeable batteries and predict near research trend, we plan to invite the world leading researchers who are presently working in the field to write each chapter of the book. The book covers not only lithium-ion batteries but also other batteries beyond lithium-ion, such as lithium-air, lithium-sulfur, sodium-ion, sodium-sulfur, magnesium-ion and liquid flow batteries.

Search of Excellence ANTEC 91

Search of Excellence  ANTEC 91 Book
Author : Society of Plastic Engineers
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1991-05-01
ISBN : 9780877628446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Search of Excellence ANTEC 91 book written by Society of Plastic Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Simultaneous Biaxial Stretching of Isotactic Polypropylene Films in the Partly Molten State

Simultaneous Biaxial Stretching of Isotactic Polypropylene Films in the Partly Molten State Book
Author : Ludovic Capt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Simultaneous equibiaxial stretching was found to be homogeneous for sufficiently high deformation rates ( 3&d2;H > 0.1 s-1). The stiffness and the thermal stability of the crystallites played an important role in deformation behavior. In fact, the biaxial yield stress showed linear dependence on the crystallite size. Upon simultaneous equibiaxial deformation, crystallinity and especially orientation increased, while crystallite size decreased. The isotacticity content was found to influence greatly the thermal stability of the initial morphology. Increasing isotacticity leads to an increase in DSC melting peak temperature of the initial morphology, overall stress of deformation, and in the final crystallinity, orientation, elastic modulus, and tensile strength of the end film. Finally, it was concluded that the crystalline phase, that melts during preheating prior to stretching forms a "structured melt" phase. The amount of structured melt is related to the tensile strength at break of the end film. Finally, it was showed that an optimal gloss is obtained, if the cast film is stretched about 15°C below its melting point." --

SPE ANTEC 2000 Proceedings

SPE ANTEC 2000 Proceedings Book
Author : Spe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-05-05
ISBN : 9781566768559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 2 of the conference proceedings of the SPE/Antac on 'Materials', held on the 711 May 2000 in Orlando, Florida, USA.

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics Book
Author : Wiley-VCH
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-18
ISBN : 3527685952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Your personal Ullmann's: Chemical and physical characteristics, production processes and production figures, main applications, toxicology and safety information are all to be found here in one single resource - bringing the vast knowledge of the Ullmann's Encyclopedia to the desks of industrial chemists and chemical engineers. The ULLMANN’S perspective on polymers and plastics brings reliable information on more than 1500 compounds and products straight to your desktop Carefully selected “best of” compilation of 61 topical articles from the Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry on economically important polymers provide a wealth of chemical, physical and economic data on more than 1000 different polymers and hundreds of modifications Contains a wealth of information on the production and use of all industrially relevant polymers and plastics, including organic and inorganic polymers, fibers, foams and resins Extensively updated: more than 30% of the content has been added or updated since the launch of the 7th edition of the Ullmann’s encyclopedia in 2011 and is now available in print for the first time 4 Volumes

Biopolymers Processing and Products

Biopolymers  Processing and Products Book
Author : Michael Niaounakis
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2014-09-22
ISBN : 0323279384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are finding new applications in various sectors, from packaging, to medical, automotive and many more. As synthetic plastics are increasingly replaced by their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are facing new challenges including processing, costs, environmental sustainability and – ultimately – developing successful products. Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second book of a trilogy dedicated to biopolymers, gives a detailed insight into all aspects of processing, seamlessly linking the science of biopolymers to the latest trends in the development of new products. Processes covered in the book include blending, compounding, treatment, and shaping, as well as the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives are also investigated. This book unique in its coverage contains information retrieved mainly from patents, which form the bulk of the book. The coverage of processing will help engineers and designers to improve output and efficiency of every stage of the product development process, and will form an indispensable tool in selecting the right biopolymer and processing technique for any given application, covering medical, automotive, food packaging and more. It will assist also engineers, material scientists and researchers to improve existing biopolymer processes and deliver better products at lower cost. Multi-disciplinary approach and critical presentation of all available processing techniques and new products of biopolymers Contains information not to be found in any other book Self-contained chapters

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics  Second Edition Book
Author : Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 1466577231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology Concise

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology  Concise Book
Author : Herman F. Mark
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-16
ISBN : 0470073691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The compact, affordable reference, revised and updated The Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise Third Edition provides the key information from the complete, twelve-volume Mark's Encyclopedia in an affordable, condensed format. Completely revised and updated, this user-friendly desk reference offers quick access to all areas of polymer science, including important advances in nanotechnology, imaging and analytical techniques, controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more, all in one volume. Like the twelve-volume full edition, the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise Third Edition provides both SI and common units, carefully selected key references for each article, and hundreds of tables, charts, figures, and graphs.

Polyvinyl Fluoride

Polyvinyl Fluoride Book
Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1455778931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The commercial PVF film Tedlar® was first trademarked by DuPont 50 years ago. Since that time it has established itself as a polymer with excellent resistance to sunlight degradation (UV resistance), thermal stability, chemical attack, water absorption, and solvents. These properties, together with a high solar energy transmittance rate, have led to it becoming established worldwide as the number one choice for the backsheets of photovoltaic solar panels, and a fire-retardent coating used in aircraft. This book is the first and only handbook that describes polyvinyl fluoride preparation, technology, processing, fabrication and applications – making it essential reading for engineers and scientists working in industry sectors where PVF is utilized. Complete guide to the applications of polyvinyl fluoride in photovoltaics, aerospace, signage, etc. Technology guide for processing and fabrication of PVF films Reference for properties and characteristics of PVF films The only book available that focuses on PVF - properties, processing and applications

Carbon Nanomaterial Filled Polymer Composites for Functional Applications Processing Structure and Property Relationship

Carbon Nanomaterial Filled Polymer Composites for Functional Applications  Processing  Structure  and Property Relationship Book
Author : Dong Xiang,Eileen Harkin-Jones,Jiabin Shen,Dan Sun
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-03-11
ISBN : 2889746496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carbon Nanomaterial Filled Polymer Composites for Functional Applications Processing Structure and Property Relationship book written by Dong Xiang,Eileen Harkin-Jones,Jiabin Shen,Dan Sun, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Practical Guide to Polypropylene

Practical Guide to Polypropylene Book
Author : Devesh Tripathi
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2002-01
ISBN : 1859572820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polypropylene is now the third largest consumed plastic material after polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride. This book discusses the advantages and disadvantages of working with polypropylene, offering practical comment on the available types of polypropylene, its mechanical properties and in-service performance, and processing. Comparisons with other common plastics are also provided, which highlight the advantages of this polyolefin.

Conference Proceedings

Conference Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2022-05-26
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Conference Proceedings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

SPE ANTEC 1997 Proceedings

SPE ANTEC 1997 Proceedings Book
Author : Spe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-04-22
ISBN : 9781566765534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download SPE ANTEC 1997 Proceedings book written by Spe, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Book
Author : United States. Patent and Trademark Office
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office book written by United States. Patent and Trademark Office, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films Book
Author : Deepak Langhe,Michael Ponting
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-01-04
ISBN : 0323374662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films discusses the advancements in multilayer technology, including its capability to produce hundreds of layers in a single film by a melt coextrusion process. These engineered films can have significantly enhanced performance properties, allowing films to be made thinner, stronger, and with better sealing properties. As recent developments in feedblocks and materials have opened up a range of new possibilities, this book discusses different feedblocks, and viscosity and material considerations. It is the first comprehensive summary of the latest technology in multilayer film processing and related applications, and is written from a practical perspective, translating research into commercial production and real world products. The book provides fundamental knowledge on microlayer coextrusion processing technology, how to fabricate such structures, structure and properties of such microlayers, and potential applications, thus helping research scientists and engineers develop products which not only fulfill their primary function, but can also be manufactured reliably, safely, and economically. Provides a fundamental knowledge of microlayer coextrusion processing, including how to fabricate microlayer structures, the properties of microlayers, and potential applications, including optics, polymer film capacitors, and semiconductors Includes an in-depth analysis of all technologies used for producing multilayered films and structures by coextrusion processing Thoroughly assesses potential future trends in multilayer coextrusion technology, thus enabling engineers and scientists to stay ahead of the curve in this rapidly advancing area

Multilayer Flexible Packaging

Multilayer Flexible Packaging Book
Author : John R. Wagner, Jr.
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2009-11-03
ISBN : 9780815520221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive and highly practical survey of the materials, hardware, processes and applications of flexible plastic films. Aimed at a wide audience of engineers, technicians, managers, purchasing agents and users, Multilayer Flexible Packaging provides a thorough introduction to the manufacturing and applications of flexible plastic films, covering: Materials Hardware and Processes Multilayer film designs and applications The materials coverage includes detailed sections on polyethylene, polypropylene and additives. The dies used to produce multilayer films are explored in the hardware section, and the process engineering of film manufacture explained, with a particular focus on meeting specifications and targets. The section includes unique coverage of the problematic area of bending technology, providing a unique explanation of the issues involved in the blending of viscoelastic non-Newtonian polymeric materials. About the author John R. Wagner, Jr. is President of Crescent Associates, Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in plastic films and flexible packaging. He graduated from the University of Notre Dame with a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering.

Plastic Films in Food Packaging

Plastic Films in Food Packaging Book
Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1455731153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

Coated Textiles

Coated Textiles Book
Author : Ashish Kumar Sen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-05-08
ISBN : 1420031929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gore-Tex, chemical protective clothing, architectural fabrics, air bags Intensive research and development in coated-fabric materials and processes has led to new and improved products for a wide range of consumer, industrial, medical, and military applications. Coated Textiles: Principles and Applications provides the first comprehensive, up-to-da