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Biaxial Stretching Of Film

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Biaxial Stretching of Film

Biaxial Stretching of Film Book
Author : Mark T. Demeuse
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2016-08
ISBN : 9780081016923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biaxial (having two axes) stretching of film is used for a range of applications and is the primary manufacturing process by which products are produced for the food packaging industry. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications provides an overview of the manufacturing processes and range of applications for biaxially stretched films. Part one reviews the fundamental principles of biaxial stretching. After an introductory chapter which defines terms, chapters discuss equipment design and requirements, laboratory evaluations, biaxial film structures and typical industrial processes for the biaxial orientation of films. Additional topics include post production processing of biaxially stretched films, the stress-strain behaviour of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and academic investigations of biaxially stretched films. Part two investigates the applications of biaxial films including fresh cut produce, snack packaging and product labelling. A final chapter investigates potential future trends for biaxially oriented films and orienting lines. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications is a valuable reference tool for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from polymer and fibre engineers to electrical engineers. It will also be suitable for professionals in the food packaging and paper industries. A valuable reference tool for polymer and fibre engineers, electrical engineers and professionals in the food packaging and paper industries Provides a comprehensive overview of the manufacturing processes of biaxially stretched films and includes a discussion of their future applications Places emphasis on the technology as well as the different types of polymers used

Biaxial Stretching of Film

Biaxial Stretching of Film Book
Author : Mark T. DeMeuse
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 0857092952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biaxial (having two axes) stretching of film is used for a range of applications and is the primary manufacturing process by which products are produced for the food packaging industry. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications provides an overview of the manufacturing processes and range of applications for biaxially stretched films. Part one reviews the fundamental principles of biaxial stretching. After an introductory chapter which defines terms, chapters discuss equipment design and requirements, laboratory evaluations, biaxial film structures and typical industrial processes for the biaxial orientation of films. Additional topics include post production processing of biaxially stretched films, the stress-strain behaviour of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and academic investigations of biaxially stretched films. Part two investigates the applications of biaxial films including fresh cut produce, snack packaging and product labelling. A final chapter investigates potential future trends for biaxially oriented films and orienting lines. Biaxial stretching of film: principles and applications is a valuable reference tool for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from polymer and fibre engineers to electrical engineers. It will also be suitable for professionals in the food packaging and paper industries. A valuable reference tool for polymer and fibre engineers, electrical engineers and professionals in the food packaging and paper industries Provides a comprehensive overview of the manufacturing processes of biaxially stretched films and includes a discussion of their future applications Places emphasis on the technology as well as the different types of polymers used

Simultaneous Biaxial Stretching of Isotactic Polypropylene Films in the Partly Molten State

Simultaneous Biaxial Stretching of Isotactic Polypropylene Films in the Partly Molten State Book
Author : Ludovic Capt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Simultaneous equibiaxial stretching was found to be homogeneous for sufficiently high deformation rates ( 3&d2;H > 0.1 s-1). The stiffness and the thermal stability of the crystallites played an important role in deformation behavior. In fact, the biaxial yield stress showed linear dependence on the crystallite size. Upon simultaneous equibiaxial deformation, crystallinity and especially orientation increased, while crystallite size decreased. The isotacticity content was found to influence greatly the thermal stability of the initial morphology. Increasing isotacticity leads to an increase in DSC melting peak temperature of the initial morphology, overall stress of deformation, and in the final crystallinity, orientation, elastic modulus, and tensile strength of the end film. Finally, it was concluded that the crystalline phase, that melts during preheating prior to stretching forms a "structured melt" phase. The amount of structured melt is related to the tensile strength at break of the end film. Finally, it was showed that an optimal gloss is obtained, if the cast film is stretched about 15°C below its melting point." --

Biaxial Stretching of Semi crystalline Polymer Films

Biaxial Stretching of Semi crystalline Polymer Films Book
Author : K. Matsumoto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biaxial Stretching of Semi crystalline Polymer Films book written by K. Matsumoto, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics Book
Author : Wiley-VCH
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-18
ISBN : 3527685952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Your personal Ullmann's: Chemical and physical characteristics, production processes and production figures, main applications, toxicology and safety information are all to be found here in one single resource - bringing the vast knowledge of the Ullmann's Encyclopedia to the desks of industrial chemists and chemical engineers. The ULLMANN’S perspective on polymers and plastics brings reliable information on more than 1500 compounds and products straight to your desktop Carefully selected “best of” compilation of 61 topical articles from the Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry on economically important polymers provide a wealth of chemical, physical and economic data on more than 1000 different polymers and hundreds of modifications Contains a wealth of information on the production and use of all industrially relevant polymers and plastics, including organic and inorganic polymers, fibers, foams and resins Extensively updated: more than 30% of the content has been added or updated since the launch of the 7th edition of the Ullmann’s encyclopedia in 2011 and is now available in print for the first time 4 Volumes

Method for Simultaneously Biaxially Stretching a Plastic Film

Method for Simultaneously Biaxially Stretching a Plastic Film Book
Author : M. Asakura,H. Yamauchi,K. Amishima,Toray Industries
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Method for Simultaneously Biaxially Stretching a Plastic Film book written by M. Asakura,H. Yamauchi,K. Amishima,Toray Industries, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Packaging Abstracts

Packaging Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Mechano optical Behavior and Structure Development in Nylon MXD6 Films Biaxially Stretched and the Effect on Oxygen Permeability Properties

Mechano optical Behavior and Structure Development in Nylon MXD6 Films Biaxially Stretched and the Effect on Oxygen Permeability Properties Book
Author : Krystle L. Dzienis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The effect of biaxial deformation on the Nylon MXD6 on gas permeation properties was investigated. This polymer is known for its low oxygen permeability properties and it is typically used as tie layers in multilayer films and bottles in combination with other polymers. In this study the films of Nylon MXD6 were prepared by melt casting and then the stretched using different stretching modes (uniaxial constant width, simultaneous equal biaxial, and sequential biaxial), temperatures (105°C and 110°C), rates (0.00125s-1, 0.042s-1, 0.083s-1, and 0.125s-1) and to different stretch ratios. The stretched films were studied by online mechano-optical and off-line structural characterization techniques in order to observe the effect of orientation, crystallization, and oxygen permeability. Through online mechano-optical studies during stretching, it has been found that the nylon MXD6 melt casted films studied exhibit a little increase in orientation (characterized by birefringence measurements) and a little increase in percent crystallinity. The oxygen permeability of the films was measured and contrary to other publications found to increase (worsens) with biaxially stretching. This was correlated to the glass transition temperature. The glass transition temperature decreases with increased stretching which means there is more free volume in the further stretched samples. A combination of an increase in free volume and lack of crystallinity leads to an increase in oxygen throughput rate regardless of biaxial stretching mode.

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan Book
Author : Nihon Kagakkai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan book written by Nihon Kagakkai, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of polymer science Part A 1 polymer chemistry

Journal of polymer science  Part A 1  polymer chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of polymer science Part A 1 polymer chemistry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modern Plastics Encyclopedia

Modern Plastics Encyclopedia Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modern Plastics Encyclopedia book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Process for Manufacture of Biaxially Stretched Polyester Film

Process for Manufacture of Biaxially Stretched Polyester Film Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Engineering Plastics

Engineering Plastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Soviet Plastics

Soviet Plastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Conference Proceedings

Conference Proceedings Book
Author : Society of Plastics Engineers. Technical Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Conference Proceedings book written by Society of Plastics Engineers. Technical Conference, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

International Polymer Processing

International Polymer Processing Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Chemical Abstracts

Chemical Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Structure and Properties of Biaxially Stretched PET Film

Structure and Properties of Biaxially Stretched PET Film Book
Author : J. Hu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Structure and Properties of Biaxially Stretched PET Film book written by J. Hu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Selected Papers of Turner Alfrey

Selected Papers of Turner Alfrey Book
Author : Turner Alfrey
Publisher : Marcel Dekker Incorporated
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Selected Papers of Turner Alfrey book written by Turner Alfrey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.