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Biased Signaling In Physiology Pharmacology And Therapeutics

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Biased Signaling in Physiology Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Biased Signaling in Physiology  Pharmacology and Therapeutics Book
Author : Brian J. Arey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-17
ISBN : 9780124114609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biased Signaling in Physiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics is a unique and essential reference for the scientific community concerning how conformational-dependent activation is a common phenomenon across many classes of receptors or signaling molecules. It discusses the role of conformational dynamics in leading to signaling bias across different classes of receptors and signaling molecules. By providing a broader view of signaling bias, this resource helps to explain common mechanisms shared across receptor classes and how this can be utilized to elucidate their cellular activity and better understand their therapeutic potential. Written for both new and established scientists in pharmacology, cell biology, biochemistry, and signal transduction, as well as physicians, this book clearly illustrates how biased receptor signaling can be utilized to develop and understand complex pharmacology. Chapters are each focused on a specific class of receptor or other important topic and make use of real-world examples illustrating how the latest research in signal transduction has led to a better understanding of pharmacology and cell biology. This structure creates a basis for understanding that physiological signalling bias has been selected by nature in order to provide complex and tissue- specific biological responses in the face of limited receptors and signaling pathways. This book provides a framework to reveal that these physiological mechanisms are not restricted to one receptor type or family and thus presents receptor signaling from a newer, more global perspective. Offers a unique and valuable resource on biased receptor signaling that provides a global view for better understanding pharmacology across many receptor families Integrates biased receptor signaling, physiology, and pharmacology to place this emerging science within the context of treating disease Includes important chapters on both the pharmaceutical and therapeutic implications of biased signaling

Biased Signaling in Physiology Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Biased Signaling in Physiology  Pharmacology and Therapeutics Book
Author : Brian J Arey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-05
ISBN : 0124115071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biased Signaling in Physiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics is a unique and essential reference for the scientific community concerning how conformational-dependent activation is a common phenomenon across many classes of receptors or signaling molecules. It discusses the role of conformational dynamics in leading to signaling bias across different classes of receptors and signaling molecules. By providing a broader view of signaling bias, this resource helps to explain common mechanisms shared across receptor classes and how this can be utilized to elucidate their cellular activity and better understand their therapeutic potential. Written for both new and established scientists in pharmacology, cell biology, biochemistry, and signal transduction, as well as physicians, this book clearly illustrates how biased receptor signaling can be utilized to develop and understand complex pharmacology. Chapters are each focused on a specific class of receptor or other important topic and make use of real-world examples illustrating how the latest research in signal transduction has led to a better understanding of pharmacology and cell biology. This structure creates a basis for understanding that physiological signalling bias has been selected by nature in order to provide complex and tissue- specific biological responses in the face of limited receptors and signaling pathways. This book provides a framework to reveal that these physiological mechanisms are not restricted to one receptor type or family and thus presents receptor signaling from a newer, more global perspective. Offers a unique and valuable resource on biased receptor signaling that provides a global view for better understanding pharmacology across many receptor families Integrates biased receptor signaling, physiology, and pharmacology to place this emerging science within the context of treating disease Includes important chapters on both the pharmaceutical and therapeutic implications of biased signaling

APPNING Animal Population Imaging

APPNING  Animal Population Imaging Book
Author : Michel Dojat,Jan G. Bjaalie,Emmanuel L. Barbier
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-07-14
ISBN : 2889668657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download APPNING Animal Population Imaging book written by Michel Dojat,Jan G. Bjaalie,Emmanuel L. Barbier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Calving Management and Newborn Calf Care

Calving Management and Newborn Calf Care Book
Author : João Simões,George Stilwell
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-28
ISBN : 3030681688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive textbook provides detailed information on calving management in dairy and beef cattle. Enriched with diverse learning opportunities, it conveys the fundamentals of reproductive anatomy and physiology, parturition, birth complications and various obstetrical manoeuvres, as well as dam and calf care. In order to promote best practices in this specialized subject, the book covers all significant points from conception to calving and the perinatal period. Clear chapter structures, a wealth of illustrations and videos, obstetrical case studies, and question-and-answer lists round out the reading experience, making the book a unique source of information on how to support mother cows and obtain viable offspring. In addition, readers can download the free Springer Nature Flashcards App and benefit from 77 digital study questions to test their knowledge. Calving is a significant event in terms of providing care and nutrition for mother cows and calves. The reproductive health status in cattle farms is crucial to immediately initiate lactation and new conception. Assistance by technical personnel, dystocia and stillbirth occurrences can reach ca. 50%, 14% and 6% of parturitions, respectively. Hence, zootechnical and veterinary management of calving is of great importance for animal welfare. This textbook makes a valuable contribution to teaching and everyday practice in cattle medicine and obstetrics. Veterinary students, residents, practitioners and technical personnel will discover it to be a rich learning and reference resource.

Pharmacology and Therapeutics of Constitutively Active Receptors

Pharmacology and Therapeutics of Constitutively Active Receptors Book
Author : Ya-Xiong Tao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 0124172067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 70 of Advances in Pharmacology presents the pharmacology and therapeutics of constitutively active receptors. With a variety of chapters and the best authors in the field, the volume is an essential resource for pharmacologists, immunologists, and biochemists alike. Advances in Pharmacology provides a rich collection of reviews on timely topics. The series places emphasis on the molecular bases of drug action, both applied and experimental. Contributions from the best authors in the field An essential resource for pharmacologists, immunologists, and biochemists

GPCRs

GPCRs Book
Author : Beata Jastrzebska,Paul S.-H. Park
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-11
ISBN : 0128167289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GPCRS: Structure, Function, and Drug Discovery provides a comprehensive overview of recent discoveries and our current understanding of GPCR structure, signaling, physiology, pharmacology and methods of study. In addition to the fundamental aspects of GPCR function and dynamics, international experts discuss crystal structures, GPCR complexes with partner proteins, GPCR allosteric modulation, biased signaling through protein partners, deorphanization of GPCRs, and novel GPCR-targeting ligands that could lead to the development of new therapeutics against human diseases. GPCR association with, and possible therapeutic pathways for, retinal degenerative diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, cancer and diabetic nephropathy, among other illnesses, are examined in-depth. Addresses our current understanding and novel advances in the GPCR field, directing readers towards recent finding of key significance for translational medicine Combines a thorough discussion of structure and function of GPCRs with disease association and drug discovery Features chapter contributions from international experts in GPCR structure, signaling, physiology and pharmacology

Pharmacology of G Protein Coupled Receptors

Pharmacology of G Protein Coupled Receptors Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-09-08
ISBN : 0123859530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

G protein coupled receptors remain the most important class of therapeutic targets in medicine. In the last 5 years, tremendous advances have been made in our understanding of the structure and mechanism of this critical family of drug targets. The present volume explores the modern experimental and conceptual framework for drug discovery for G protein coupled receptors. It explores advances in structure determination and structure-based drug design as well as new concepts of allosteric modulation, functional selectivity/biased agonism, and pharmacological chaperones. In addition, emerging drug targets such as receptor families for fatty acids, carboxylic acids, lipid mediators, etc. are included. Final chapters cover novel mechanisms of signal regulation through PDZ domains and RGS proteins. This volume will bring an up-to-date perspective on the G protein coupled receptor field to both academic and industry scientists. The present volume explores the modern experimental and conceptual framework for drug discovery for G protein coupled receptors It explores advances in structure determination and structure-based drug design as well as new concepts of allosteric modulation, functional selectivity/biased agonism, and pharmacological chaperones This volume will bring an up-to-date perspective on the G protein coupled receptor field to both academic and industry scientists

New Trends in Macromolecular and Supramolecular Chemistry for Biological Applications

New Trends in Macromolecular and Supramolecular Chemistry for Biological Applications Book
Author : Marc J.M. Abadie,Mariana Pinteala,Alexandru Rotaru
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-26
ISBN : 3030574563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This contributed volume applies the insights of supramolecular chemistry to biomedical applications such as ions/water transport through nano-scale channels, gene therapy, tissue engineering and drug delivery, to cite some of the major investigations.The challenge is to understand the mechanisms of transport through tissues particularly in the therapeutic treatment of a disease where the active drug must be delivered directly to diseased cells without affecting healthy cells. As a result, smaller quantities of active substances can be used to treat the disease. Another interest concerns new ways to administer gene therapy. If genes are often delivered to their target cells by adapted viruses, the supramolecular non-viral ‘vectors’ using dynamic nano-frameworks and nano-structures are presented. In addition, it is important to reconstruct damaged tissues by mimicking natural processes in cells and polymers, such as tissue engineering and self-healing. Different options are here discussed: e.g. hydrogels based on chitosan, a carbohydrate polymer, are proving especially promising for tissue engineering and drug delivery. For controlled delivery of drugs or other biologically active compounds, hydrogels sensitive to the most important stimuli in the human body, such as temperature, pH, ionic strength, glucose and biomolecules released by the organism in pathological conditions have been developed. Finally, to assist and validate the experimental studies, computer modelling and simulations of large-sized molecular structures and systems using different molecular dynamics and quantum mechanical techniques are developed based on the experimental and chemistry synthesis. This book is of great interest for graduate students, researchers and health professionals interested in acquiring a better understanding of the mechanisms of medical treatments. In addition, it provides numerous tools to develop better therapies for human diseases.

Cannabinoid Pharmacology

Cannabinoid Pharmacology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-08-18
ISBN : 0128112336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cannabinoid Pharmacology, Volume 80 is a new volume in the Advances in Pharmacology that presents reviews of recent breakthroughs. This volume aims to present current knowledge of the endogenous cannabinoid system, and looks at molecular, cellular, tissue and organismal effects of endogenous and exogenous cannabinoids. Topics of note in this new volume include Endocannabinoids and their congeners, Endocannabinoid turnover, Plant cannabinoids, Synthetic cannabinoids and ‘legal highs’, CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, Novel signaling modalities, Novel cannabinoid receptors, and Ion channel regulation by cannabinoids. There is a broad coverage of the essential elements associated with the cannabinoid system. The Editors have sought to include authors who represent authoritative voices on these themes, but have not previously worked together to allow a fresh approach to the individual aspects covered. Presents reviews of recent breakthroughs in the cannabinoid system Features chapters from the best authors in the field Provides an essential resource for scientists, advanced undergraduate students through to established faculty members

Handbook on Opium

Handbook on Opium Book
Author : Vasanth Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-01-29
ISBN : 0323909043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Opium: History and Basis of Opioids in Therapeutics traces the history of poppy from its prehistory, its use in Greek and Egyptian medicine through the European Renaissance, and the opioid epidemic of the present day. The book explores the discovery of morphine and its alkaloids, reviews its biosynthetic process, and covers the evolution of synthetic opioids. Further, it reviews the biological effects of opium and the molecular basis of its actions, including future perspectives in clinical applications with therapeutic targets. The book is interspersed with numerous notes on the events and great minds in history and medicine who advocated, analyzed and advanced opium through history. The book is a comprehensive review on opium, covering a breadth of topics, including its history, botany, chemistry, trade, physiology, clinical use and molecular biology, with numerous references, tables, vignettes and illustrations included for additional understanding. Presents a comprehensive review on opium, covering a range of topics Filled with historical vignettes, tables and illustrations to aid understanding Authored by practicing clinicians who integrate clinical information in the context of history and pharmacology

Chemokines

Chemokines Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-24
ISBN : 0128021950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemokines, the latest volume in the Methods in Enzymology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers research methods in chemokines, and includes sections on such topics as chemokine detection using receptors, tracking cellular responses to chemokines, recognition of GAG-bound chemokines, and the production of chemokine receptor complexes for structural and biophysical studies. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers research methods in chemokines Contains sections on such topics as chemokine detection using receptors, tracking cellular responses to chemokine, recognition of GAG-bound chemokines, and the production of chemokine receptor complexes for structural and biophysical studies

Molecular and Cellular Physiology of Neurons Second Edition

Molecular and Cellular Physiology of Neurons  Second Edition Book
Author : Gordon L. Fain
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2014-11-25
ISBN : 0674967488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gordon Fain’s Molecular and Cellular Physiology of Neurons, Second Edition is intended for anyone who seeks to understand nerve cell function: undergraduate and graduate students in neuroscience, students of bioengineering and cognitive science, and practicing neuroscientists who want to deepen their knowledge of recent discoveries.

The Orexin Hypocretin System

The Orexin Hypocretin System Book
Author : Jim R. Fadel,Joshua A. Burk
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 0128137525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Orexins/Hypocretins System: Functional Roles and Therapeutic Potential summarizes research on both the physiological functioning of orexins, their impact on homeostatic processes, and related disorders. The book encompasses the effects on appetite, sleep, substance abuse, cognition, and anxiety. Additionally, it examines new therapeutic approaches utilizing orexins, including utilization of orexin receptors for drug development. It is essential reading for neuroscience researchers interested in brain-behavior relationships, as well as psychiatrists, endocrinologists and pharmacologists. Provides an overview of new research on orexins/hypocretins Includes an overview of intracellular signaling and orexin physiology Discusses the effects on arousal, appetite, cognition, addiction and anxiety Examines orexin based therapies and their potential use in disorders Explores orexin receptors for drug development

Pharmacology and Therapeutics of Asthma and COPD

Pharmacology and Therapeutics of Asthma and COPD Book
Author : Clive P. Page,Peter J. Barnes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-06
ISBN : 3319521756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volume is supposed to be a major reference resource for chest physicians and those involved in the development of novel pharmaceutical entities for these diseases. Internationally recognized authorities review the most important new information on the advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of these diseases, including the substantial advances in the topical delivery of inhaled medicines. Each chapter is extensively referenced, generously illustrated with clear diagrams and photographs, and represents a state-of-the-art review of this important area of respiratory medicine.

Physiology of Neurons

Physiology of Neurons Book
Author : Anne Feltz
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2020-03-25
ISBN : 1000761398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to tremendous technical advances in molecular biology and cellular imaging after those in electrophysiology, there is now a deep understanding of the physiology of nerve cells and their synaptic interconnections. The complexity of the brain emerges from the communication and interaction between billions of these elements. This book explores systematically and didactically the details of neuronal physiology, covering membrane biophysics, receptor physiology, sensory transduction and synaptic transmission with its selective pharmacology. Readers of the book will be fully equipped to understand the functions and possibilities of the key units of the brain’s parallel computations.

GPCR Signaling in Cancer

GPCR Signaling in Cancer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 0128202319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GPCR Signaling in Cancer, Volume 145, the latest release in the Advances in Cancer Research series, highlights recent developments in the area of GPCRs and cancer biology. Chapters included in this volume cover several GPCRs and their downstream effectors as case examples to highlight their fundamental understanding and therapeutic potential. Specific chapters address the Role of GRKs and beta-arrestins in cancer, Atypical GPCRs in cancer, the Role of a chemokine receptor (CCR) 5 in cancer, Targeting G protein-coupled receptors for therapeutics in cancer, Emerging GPCR signaling pathways in cancer, and more. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute a large family of cell surface receptors which are involved in nearly every cellular and physiological event. These receptors can recognize a broad array of ligands and they are targeted by nearly one third of the currently prescribed drugs including anti-cancer therapeutics. Covers the latest concepts in GPCR signaling and their relevancy to cancer biology Presents new indications for anti-cancer therapeutic programs Includes sections on cross-talk and signaling networks of GPCRs and effectors in molecular oncology and therapeutics

The Physiology and Pharmacology of Leucine rich Repeat GPCRs

The Physiology and Pharmacology of Leucine rich Repeat GPCRs Book
Author : Brian J. Arey,James A. Dias
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 2889199584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent a large and physiologically important class of cell surface receptors. There are approximately 750 known GPCRs present in the human genome that can be subdivided into general classes based upon sequence homology within their transmembrane domains. Therapeutically, GPCRs represent a fertile source for the development of therapies as they are a significant percentage of our current pharmacopeia. Among the three subclasses of GPCRs, the Class A (rhodopsin-like) receptors are by far the most prevalent and extensively studied. However, within the Class A receptors, sub-families of receptors can be distinguished based upon common sequence motifs within the transmembrane domains as well as extracellular and intracellular domains. One such family of Class A receptors is characterized by multiple leucine- rich repeats within their amino- terminal domains (the Leucine-rich Repeat family (LRR)). This family of GPCRs are best represented by the glycoprotein hormone receptors (LHR, FSHR and TSHR) which have been studied extensively but also includes receptors for the peptide hormone relaxin (RXFP1 and RXFP2 (RXFP2 also binds insulin-like peptide 3)) and three other receptors (LGR4, LGR5 and LGR6). LGR4-6 were, until recently, considered orphan receptors. However, emerging data have revealed that these proteins are the receptors for a family of growth factors called R-spondins. Over the last 20 years much has been learned about LRR receptors, including the development of synthetic agonists and antagonists, new insights into signaling (including signaling bias) and the physiological role these receptors play in regulating the function of many tissues. This topic will focus on what is known concerning the regulation of these receptors, their signaling pathways, functional consequences of activation and pharmacology.

Monitoring endogenous GPCRs lessons for drug design

Monitoring endogenous GPCRs  lessons for drug design Book
Author : Dominique Massotte
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-10-07
ISBN : 2889196518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are integral membrane proteins forming the fourth largest superfamily in the human genome. Many of these receptors play key physiological roles and several pathologies have been associated with receptor functional abnormalities. GPCRs therefore represent important goals for drug design in pharmaceutical companies since they constitute the target of about one third of the drugs currently on the market. However, endogenous GPCRs are most often difficult to study because of a lack of tools to target them specifically and single out their response to physiological or drug-elicited stimulations. Hence, studies mostly focused on recombinant receptors expressed in a variety of cellular models that do not always closely reflect the receptor natural environment and often deal with levels of expression exceeding by far physiological ranges. Recent technological developments combining for example genetically modified animals and advanced imaging approaches have improved our ability to visualize endogenous GPCRs. To date, trailing receptor activation, subsequent intracellular redistribution, changes in signaling cascade up to integrated response to a drug-elicited stimulation is at hand though the impact of a physiological challenge on receptor dynamics remains a major issue. Data however suggest that the receptor may embrace a different fate depending on the type of stimulation in particular if sustained or repeated. This suggests that current drugs may only partially mimic the genuine response of the receptor and may explain, at least in part, their secondary effects. Commonalities and specificities between physiological and drug-induced activation can thus represent valuable guidelines for the design of future drugs.

Biochemistry

Biochemistry Book
Author : Reginald H. Garrett,Charles M. Grisham
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2016-02-11
ISBN : 1305886895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing Garrett and Grisham's innovative conceptual and organizing Essential Questions framework, BIOCHEMISTRY guides students through course concepts in a way that reveals the beauty and usefulness of biochemistry in the everyday world. Offering a balanced and streamlined presentation, this edition has been updated throughout with new material and revised presentations. For the first time, this book is integrated with OWL, a powerful online learning system for chemistry with book-specific end-of-chapter material that engages students and improves learning outcomes. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Matrix Metalloproteinases and Tissue Remodeling in Health and Disease Cardiovascular Remodeling

Matrix Metalloproteinases and Tissue Remodeling in Health and Disease  Cardiovascular Remodeling Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-14
ISBN : 0128116382
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Matrix Metalloproteinases and Tissue Remodeling in Health and Disease: Cardiovascular Remodeling is the latest volume in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series. This volume is the first part of a thematic and contains up-to-date information on the biology and function of matrix metalloproteinases, and how their effects on tissue remodeling are altered in diseases of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and musculoskeletal systems and other tissues and organs, as well as cancer. Contributors include prominent scientists and highly-recognized experts with major accomplishments in the research field of matrix metalloproteinases. Focuses on matrix metalloproteinases and their role in tissue remodeling under physiological and pathological conditions Contains up-to-date information on matrix metalloproteinases that is clearly presented in a concise fashion with helpful illustrations and supporting references Includes comprehensive reviews written by prominent scientists and highly-recognized experts in the field of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue remodeling