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Beyond Agricultural Impacts

Beyond Agricultural Impacts Book
Author : Nkulumo Zinyengere,Theobald Frank Theodory,Million Gebreyes,Chinwe Ifejika Speranza
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-06-20
ISBN : 0128126256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beyond Agricultural Impacts: Multiple Perspectives on Climate Change in Africa presents the theories and methods commonly applied in climate change assessment from various locations in Africa, also inspiring further research that addresses the broad spectrum of societal impacts that result from altered climate status. Using case studies, the work provides insights into climate change impacts and adaptation with a lens on vulnerable groups in African agriculture, e.g. smallholder crop and livestock farmers, women and youth. The book also highlights areas of further interest in climate change and agriculture research in Africa, all done through views from multiple disciplines in the agriculture and climate change nexus. Presents themes, theories, tools and methods for mitigating the impact of climate change in African agriculture Highlights the research gaps and opportunities in research on climate change and agriculture Uses examples and cases to provide insights into shaping future research Provides insights from African countries, including Lesotho, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Ghana and Cameroon

International conference on impacts of agricultural research and development why has impact assessment research not made more of a difference

International conference on impacts of agricultural research and development  why has impact assessment research not made more of a difference  Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : CIMMYT
Release :
ISBN : 9706481044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of a conference by the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) of the Interim Science Council, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and the Economics Program, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), 4-7 February 2002, San José, Costa Rica.

Environmental Impacts of Modern Agriculture

Environmental Impacts of Modern Agriculture Book
Author : Ronald E. Hester,Roy M. Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849733856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume examines the environmental impact made by agriculture in the 21st century, looking forward to the future with lessons from the past.

Climate Impacts on Agricultural and Natural Resource Sustainability in Africa

Climate Impacts on Agricultural and Natural Resource Sustainability in Africa Book
Author : Bal Ram Singh,Andy Safalaoh,Nyambilila A. Amuri,Lars Olav Eik,Bishal K. Sitaula,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-17
ISBN : 3030375374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses knowledge-based sustainable agro-ecological and natural resource management systems and best practices for sustained agricultural productivity and ecosystem resilience for better livelihoods under a changing climate. With a focus on agriculture in Africa, the book assesses innovative technologies for use on smallholder farms, and addresses some of the key Sustainable Development Goals to guide innovative responses and enhanced adaptation methods for coping with climate change. Contributions are based on 'Capacity Building for Managing Climate Change in Malawi' (CABMACC), a five-year program with an overall goal to improve livelihoods and food security through innovative responses and enhanced capacity of adaptation to climate change. Readers will discover more about sustainable crop production, climate smart agriculture, on-farm energy supply from biogas and the potential of soil carbon sequestration in crop-livestock systems.

Looking Beyond the Horizon

Looking Beyond the Horizon Book
Author : William R. Sutton,Jitendra P. Srivastava,James E. Neumann
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0821397699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The risks and opportunities of climate change for agriculture can be effectively dealt only by aligning policies, developing institutional capabilities, and investing in infrastructure and farms, as per the experiences of Albania, FYR Macedonia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan.

Beyond the business case for agricultural value chain development An economywide approach applied to Egypt

Beyond the business case for agricultural value chain development  An economywide approach applied to Egypt Book
Author : Breisinger, Clemens,Raouf, Mariam,Thurlow, James,Wiebelt, Manfred
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2019-03-21
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper goes beyond the “business” case for agricultural value chain development and presents an economy-wide framework to make the “development” case. We show that there are several key transmission channels that determine the economy-wide impacts of promoting various value chains, including forward and backward economic linkages, price responses, and net employment effects. These impacts all matter for household incomes, poverty, and dietary diversity. Results for Egypt show that agricultural value chain development generates economy-wide growth as well as growth in the agri-food system, but the impacts on employment suggest that agricultural growth can create new (and better) jobs in and beyond the agri-food system, but not necessarily more jobs. The results also show that productivity-driven agricultural growth in all crops is pro-poor and improves nutrition. However, potential adverse effects of livestock-led growth show that growth acceleration in single sectors can be negative, highlighting the importance of a systems analysis or, in our case, an economy-wide analysis. It is clear that no single sub-sector is best at achieving all the development outcomes examined. Moreover, the ranking of value chains by their development outcomes differs across sub-national regions. As such, results from this paper may provide useful decision support for the government and its development partners to select value chains depending on their priority development outcomes.

Beyond the Urban Fringe

Beyond the Urban Fringe Book
Author : Rutherford H. Platt,George Macinko
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 1983
ISBN : 9780816660551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beyond the Urban Fringe was first published in 1983. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. The non-metropolitan hinterland of the United States is no longer the placid and bucolic countryside celebrated by Currier and Ives. As urban America imposes ever-increasing demands upon the nation's resources, energy, water, food, recreation and scenery, peace and quiet are all sought in the land beyond the urban fringe. Certain dramatic changes in non-metropolitan America are already apparent. Census figures from 1980 documented that the population of rural areas and small towns was increasing more rapidly than that of metropolitan areas or the nation as a whole. The interstate highway network affords unprecedented access to small cities and towns, broadening commuting patterns and enabling industries to relocate outside of cities. During the 1960s and 1970s millions of acres were carved yo for second homes and recreational developments, a practice which often inflated the price of rural land. Beyond the Urban Fringe deals with problems arising from this transformation of nonmetropolitan America. It is based on reports given at a 1980 conference sponsored by the Association of American Geographers and funded by the National Science Foundation, with the participation of the U.S. Geological Survey and the Office of Water Research and Technology. The authors represent a wide range of disciplines—geography, resource economics, rural sociology, planning, law, and physics—and deal with topics not often found in a single volume: the character of land-use change in non-metropolitan areas, rural economic growth and decline, the rural land market, the growth and decline of small towns, farmland policy, remote sensing in rural areas, the impact of energy development on land use, hazardous waste disposal, and nuclear plant siting in nonurban areas. Geographers, planners, resource economists, and others concerned with environmental and resource management will find Beyond the Urban Fringe a valuable source of current research on a subject of central importance at all levels of government.

Beyond Experiments in Development Economics

Beyond Experiments in Development Economics Book
Author : J. Edward Taylor,Mateusz J. Filipski
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-07-10
ISBN : 019101754X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides researchers, students, and practitioners with a methodology to evaluate the impacts of a wide diversity of development projects and policies on local economies. Projects and policies often create spillovers within project areas. LEWIE uses simulation methods to quantify these spillovers. It has become a complement to randomized control trials (RCTs), as governments and donors become interested in documenting impacts beyond the treated, comparing the likely impacts of alternative interventions, and designing complementary interventions to influence program and policy impacts. It is also a tool for impact evaluation where RCTs are not feasible. Chapters 1-4 motivate and present the basics of impact simulation, including how to design a LEWIE model, how to estimate the model, and how to obtain the necessary data. The remaining chapters provide a diversity of interesting real-world applications and extensions of the basic models. The applications include evaluations of the impacts of cash transfers for the poor, ecotourism, global food-price shocks, irrigation projects, migration, and corruption. Each chapter provide readers with the tools they need to conduct their own local economy-wide impact evaluations. All models and data used in this book are available on-line.

Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015

Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015 Book
Author : Floor Brouwer,Bruce A. McCarl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-02-20
ISBN : 9781402040634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interactions between agriculture, climate and patterns of land use are complex. Major changes in agriculture, and land use patterns are foreseen in the next couple of decades in response to shifts in climate, greenhouse gas management initiatives, population growth and other forces. The book explores key interactions between changes in agriculture, patterns of land use and efforts to reduce greenhouse emissions from agriculture. The volume is based on inter-disciplinary science and policy interactions, exploring the way land use may aid in addressing or be affected by the onset of climate change and alterations in food demand. Future forces shaping land use decisions are examined, and its sensitivity to climate change is highlighted. Patterns of land use and the agricultural role in climate change mitigation are explored. Also, policy and social responses to the new perspectives on future land use patterns are identified. The perspective of the book is beyond the year 2015.

The Ecology of Agricultural Landscapes

The Ecology of Agricultural Landscapes Book
Author : Stephen K. Hamilton,Julie E. Doll,G. Philip Robertson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-04-07
ISBN : 0190266767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence has been mounting for some time that intensive row-crop agriculture as practiced in developed countries may not be environmentally sustainable, with concerns increasingly being raised about climate change, implications for water quantity and quality, and soil degradation. This volume synthesizes two decades of research on the sustainability of temperate, row-crop ecosystems of the Midwestern United States. The overarching hypothesis guiding this work has been that more biologically based management practices could greatly reduce negative impacts while maintaining sufficient productivity to meet demands for food, fiber and fuel, but that roadblocks to their adoption persist because we lack a comprehensive understanding of their benefits and drawbacks. The research behind this book, based at the Kellogg Biological Station (Michigan State University) and conducted under the aegis of the Long-term Ecological Research network, is structured on a foundation of large-scale field experiments that explore alternatives to conventional, chemical-intensive agriculture. Studies have explored the biophysical underpinnings of crop productivity, the interactions of crop ecosystems with the hydrology and biodiversity of the broader landscapes in which they lie, farmers' views about alternative practices, economic valuation of ecosystem services, and global impacts such as greenhouse gas exchanges with the atmosphere. In contrast to most research projects, the long-term design of this research enables identification of slow or delayed processes of change in response to management regimes, and allows examination of responses across a broader range of climatic variability. This volume synthesizes this comprehensive inquiry into the ecology of alternative cropping systems, identifying future steps needed on the path to sustainability.

Beyond the City

Beyond the City Book
Author : David M. De Ferranti
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 0821360973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rural economy's contribution to development: summary of findings and policy implications; The rural contribution to development: analytical issues; The rural contribution to development: policy issues.

ASEAN Beyond the Regional Crisis

ASEAN Beyond the Regional Crisis Book
Author : Mya Than
Publisher : Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9812300996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the regional financial and economic crisis has bottomed out and the ASEAN countries are on the recovery path, this volume seeks to carry out a post-mortem on the crisis to evaluate the sustainability of the recovery and the long-term direction of the ASEAN economies. It also examines the challenges and competitiveness of these economies which have become significant issues in the post-recovery process. Since it is not sufficient to address the economic and financial aspects, the volume al...

The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming

The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming Book
Author : Lucas Bernard,Willi Semmler
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-11-20
ISBN : 0190204192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first World Climate Conference, which was sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization in Genève in 1979, triggered an international dialogue on global warming. From the 1997 United Nations-sponsored conference-during which the Kyoto Protocol was signed-through meetings in Copenhagen, Cancún, Durban, and most recently Doha (2012) and Warsaw (2013), worldwide attention to the issue of global warming and its impact on the world's economy has rapidly increased in intensity. The consensus of these debates and discussions, however, is less than clear. Optimistically, many geoscience researchers and members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have supported CO2 emission reduction pledges while maintaining that a 2°C limit in increased temperature by the year 2100 is achievable through international coordination. Other observers postulate that established CO2 reduction commitments such as those agreed to at the Copenhagen United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009) are insufficient and cannot hold the global warming increase below 2°C. As experts theorize on precisely what impact global warming will have, developing nations have become particularly alarmed. The developed world will use energy to mitigate global warming effects, but developing countries are more exposed by geography and poverty to the most dangerous consequences of a global temperature rise and lack the economic means to adapt. The complex dynamics that result from this confluence of science and geopolitics gives rise to even more complicated issues for economists, financial planners, business leaders, and policy-makers. The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming analyzes the economic impact of issues related to and resulting from global warming, specifically the implications of possible preventative measures, various policy changes, and adaptation efforts as well as the different consequences climate change will have on both developing and developed nations. This multi-disciplinary approach, which touches on issues of growth, employment, and development, elucidates for readers state-of-the-art research on the complex and far-reaching problem of global warming.

Agricultural research livelihoods and poverty

Agricultural research  livelihoods  and poverty Book
Author : Adato, Michelle,Meinzen-Dick, Ruth
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2007-06-11
ISBN : 0801887216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Those who study global poverty and ways to reduce it face a perennial set of questions: Do advances in knowledge, research, and technology make a real difference in the lives of poor people? What effect does research have on the poor? Who benefits? The contributors to Agricultural Research, Livelihoods, and Poverty shed light on these questions through a collection of case studies that explore the types of impact that agricultural research has had on livelihoods and poverty in low-income countries.