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Behavioral Addictions

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The Behavioral Addictions

The Behavioral Addictions Book
Author : Michael S. Ascher,Petros Levounis
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 2015-04-01
ISBN : 1585625493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Behavioral Addictions is the first American Psychiatric Publishing title to explore the diagnosis and treatment of patients who suffer from behavioral addictions, extreme forms of which share specific characteristics with severe forms of substance use disorders. These characteristics include tolerance (the need to use the substance or perform the troublesome behavior at higher doses, or more and more frequently, in order to achieve the same effect); withdrawal (feelings of restlessness, irritability, and discontent following abrupt discontinuation of the substance or the behavior); obsessive thinking and planning that block out anything other than obtaining or engaging in the addictive agent or behavior; and accompanying external consequences in related to finances, health, interpersonal relationships, legal affairs, etc. Although not all behavioral addictions are currently recognized as such by DSM-5, both substances and behaviors can hijack a person's pleasure-and-reward brain circuitry, causing great suffering. This case-based volume is practical and engaging and offers many features that make it not only informative but also accessible and entertaining: Behaviors covered, both those widely recognized and those less commonly accepted, involve exercise, food, gambling, Internet gaming, Internet surfing, kleptomania, love, sex, shopping, work, tanning, and e-mailing/texting. Introductory chapters discuss the relationship of behavioral or process addictions to substance use disorders across many spheres, and they provide an overview of the behavioral addictions from neurobiological, theoretical, clinical, and forensic perspectives. Gambling disorder is now classified in DSM-5 as a behavioral addiction, lending credence to the construct of behavioral addictions and providing precedent for future consideration of other behavioral addictions, such as those highlighted in the volume. Each chapter focuses on a real-life case study of a patient with a behavioral addiction. Videos that accompany the volume demonstrate encounters between a clinician and a patient exhibiting an addiction. This puts material on assessment, treatment, etc. into a real-world context. Key points for review and multiple-choice questions are included at the end of each chapter. Not simply an exaggeration of everyday social and personal ailments, these behavioral conditions present clinicians with unique and poorly researched challenges in everyday clinical practice. The Behavioral Addictions helps the reader to determine not only where to draw the line between healthy and unhealthy levels of participation in a behavior, but also how to intervene in ways that are therapeutic, effective, and evidence-based.

Behavioral Addictions

Behavioral Addictions Book
Author : Kenneth Paul Rosenberg, MD,Laura Curtiss Feder, PsyD
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-02-17
ISBN : 0124078583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Behavioral Addictions is a timely landmark achievement and a must read for anyone interested in addictive and compulsive behavior and its treatment. Rosenberg and Feder have brought us leading addiction experts, who clearly present the growing evidence for including behavioral addictions in the DSM-5 and how best to treat them. While gambling is the first to be included in the DSM-5 chapter on substance related disorders, other behavioral addictions are likely to follow as evidence grows. This is the most important new textbook in addiction psychiatry in recent years." - Richard Frances MD, Founding President, American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry DSM-V broke new ground in May of 2013, designating a new disorder called "behavioral addiction." Clinicians immediately wanted to know: how is a behavioral addiction different from an impulse control disorder? What are the criteria for determining that some behaviors are addictions rather than impulses? What, if anything, does this mean in terms of effective treatment? Behavioral Addictions is the first and most authoritative text ever written on the subject of behavioral addictions. This comprehensive work explains the criteria used to determine addiction, the evidence for identifying assorted behaviors as addictions, and the evidence-based treatment for each. With contributions from preeminent experts covering an exhaustive list of behavioral addictions, this book is unique in its coverage of behavioral addictions, their criteria, and treatment. It is a valuable and timely resource for any clinician treating addictions. A guide to understanding the new DSM-V designation of behavioral addiction Defines the criteria for behavior to be considered an addiction designation Discusses the evidence for behaviors meeting addiction criteria Identifies what is now, likely will be, and is not a behavioral addiction per evidence Discusses behaviors formerly considered impulse control disorders Presents evidence-based treatment for each behavioral addiction

Behavioral Addictions

Behavioral Addictions Book
Author : Nancy M. Petry
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015-09-02
ISBN : 0199391548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains the rationale for changes in the DSM-5(r) related to incorporating behavioral addictions alongside substance use disorders; it also illuminates the significance of including the construct of behavioral addictions in this widely used psychiatric diagnostic manual. The chapters herien describe eight behaviors often considered addictions, including gambling disorder, internet gaming disorder, internet addiction, food addiction, hypersexuality, shopping addiction, exercise addiction, and tanning addiction. Also examined are prevalence rates in epidemiological samples, risk factors, and promising treatment approaches. The result is an easy-to-use resource and guide for clinicians, students, and researchers.

Substance and Behavioral Addictions

Substance and Behavioral Addictions Book
Author : Steve Sussman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-02-28
ISBN : 1107100356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Substance and Behavioral Addictions: Concepts, Causes, and Cures presents the concepts, etiology, assessment, prevention, and cessation of substance (tobacco, alcohol, other drugs, and food) and behavioral (gambling, Internet, shopping, love, sex, exercise, and work) addictions. The text provides a novel and integrative appetitive motivation framework of addiction, while acknowledging and referencing multi-level influences on addiction, such as neurobiological, cognitive, and micro-social and macro-social/physical environmental. The book discusses concurrent and substitute addiction, and offers prevention and treatment solutions, which are presented from a more integrative perspective than traditional presentations. This is an ideal text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, practitioners, and researchers.

The Cambridge Handbook of Substance and Behavioral Addictions

The Cambridge Handbook of Substance and Behavioral Addictions Book
Author : Steve Sussman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-08-31
ISBN : 1108632246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by leaders in the addictions field, 100 authors from six countries, this handbook is a thoroughly comprehensive resource. Philosophical and legal issues are addressed, while conceptual underpinnings are provided through explanations of appetitive motivation, incentive sensitization, reward deficiency, and behavioral economics theories. Major clinical and research methods are clearly mapped out (e.g. MRI, behavioral economics, interview assessments, and qualitative approaches), outlining their strengths and weaknesses, giving the reader the tools needed to guide their research and practice aims. The etiology of addiction at various levels of analysis is discussed, including neurobiology, cognition, groups, culture, and environment, which simultaneously lays out the foundations and high-level discourse to serve both novice and expert researchers and clinicians. Importantly, the volume explores the prevention and treatment of such addictions as alcohol, tobacco, novel drugs, food, gambling, sex, work, shopping, the internet, and several seldom-investigated behaviors (e.g. love, tanning, or exercise).

Behavioral Addictions in Early onset Parkinson Disease are Associated with DRD3 Variants

Behavioral Addictions in Early onset Parkinson Disease are Associated with DRD3 Variants Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Background: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) comprise abnormal behaviors frequently found in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) receiving antiparkinsonian medication. ICDs in PD would develop when dopaminergic treatment overstimulates the dopamine receptor D3 (DR3). Here we studied whether DR3 gene ( DRD3 ) is associated to ICD in PD patients with early-onset (EOPD). Methods: We performed association analysis of the rs6280 DRD3 single nucleotide variation (SNV) (Ser9Gly) in a clinical sample of 126 non early-onset PD (NEOPD) and 73 EOPD (age at onset

Personality Profiles of Substance and Behavioral Addictions

Personality Profiles of Substance and Behavioral Addictions Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Substance-related and behavioral addictions are extremely prevalent and represent a major public health concern. In the ongoing attempt to understand the addictive personality, contradictory results have arisen from studies that have explored personality traits in different addiction populations. The diversity across addiction types suggests that some of these inconsistencies stem from distinct personalities underlying each addiction. The present study compares the personality profiles of several addictions, representing both substance (drugs and alcohol) and behavioral (gambling and sex) subtypes. 216 addicted individuals and 78 controls completed personality and sociodemographic questionnaires. Notable personality distinctions were found among different types of addiction. Whereas impulsivity and neuroticism were higher across all addiction populations, as compared to controls, people with alcohol use disorders also scored significantly lower on the traits of extraversion, agreeableness, and openness to experience. People with drug use disorders and those with compulsive sexual behavior were surprisingly similar, scoring lowest on the traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness. Finally, people with gambling disorder demonstrated a personality profile similar to that of the control group. Of note, personality profiles were also related to several demographic characteristics, including socioeconomic status and religiosity. Our findings support a potential role for personality in distinguishing among different types of addiction. This study suggests that different addictions may, to some extent, stem from distinct processes that are involved in personality development. These findings may provide a useful framework for understanding why different people develop different addictions. Highlights: Different addictions have distinct personality profiles, but share high neuroticism and impulsivity. Gambling disorder has similar personality to healthy controls. Alcohol use disorders identified by lower extraversion and openness to experience. Drug use disorders and compulsive sexual behavior have similar personalities. Personality profiles may also relate to socioeconomic status, including religiosity.

BEHAVIORAL ADDICTION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS

BEHAVIORAL ADDICTION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS Book
Author : Marwa Gharmoul
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction: While addictions to substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs have been extensively investigated, interest has been growing in potential non-substance-related addictive behaviors (BA) which the prevalence in the world varies between 1 and 8%.The idea of BA is based in scientiufb01c knowledge, but the concept is still controversial.Objectives: Determine socio-demographic characteristics of BA among medical students and discuss on the relationship with depressive and anxiety disorders.Methods: Our study was a descriptive and cross-sectional study of 133 students enrolled in the Faculty of Medicine of Sousse in December 2016. Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire assessing socio-demographic characteristics. We have administered 4 validated BA scales (Young's IAT, Scale Addiction Face Book, Physical Activity Addiction Test, SOGS) and HAD scale to evaluate anxiety and depressive symptoms.Results: Face book addiction was the most common form (20.3%), followed by gambling (12%) and cyber addiction (0.8%). Problematic Internet use was noted in 18.2%. Dependence to physical activity wasnu2019t found. Face book and Internet addiction were predominant among females (24.8%), unlike gambling.We have highlighted close relationships between behavioral and substance addiction and a strong associations between most BA and depressive and anxiety disorders which seem relatively non-specific.Conclusions: Face book addiction was the most prevalent behavioral addiction in medical students. All these behavioral addictions were associated with others substances addiction, depressive and anxiety disorders.

Why Can t I Stop

Why Can t I Stop  Book
Author : Jon E. Grant,Brian L. Odlaug,Samuel R. Chamberlain
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
Release : 2016-04-29
ISBN : 9781421419657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Featuring patient stories of behavioral addiction and recovery, as well as information about treatment centers, this compassionate guide will help readers better understand the complicated issues surrounding these addictions and teach family members how to help the addicted person while helping themselves.

Drugs in American Society An Encyclopedia of History Politics Culture and the Law 3 volumes

Drugs in American Society  An Encyclopedia of History  Politics  Culture  and the Law  3 volumes  Book
Author : Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2014-12-16
ISBN : 1610695968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

Treat Me Right

Treat Me Right Book
Author : II Ph D Brady, John
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2014-04-20
ISBN : 9781499234558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treat Me Right: Dr. Brady's Bad Actor Series Continues People are mesmerized with" the rich and famous" especially when they take a fall or two. Winona Ryder, as a case in point, stole lots of stuff, but did she receive the necessary diagnosis and treatment she needed? Dr. Brady has analyzed many celebrity theft cases and concludes that, "most of these people never got the necessary help they needed, thus the bad news-they may reoffend." Often the treatment of a behavioral, addictive disorder like stealing proves ineffective. He presents the cases of six psychologically troubled theft-addicts who he personally treated using a variety of therapies. These cases are, at times, sad yet Dr. Brady skillfully blends in his unique humor to make this new and appealing contribution to the field of addiction a fulfilling read for anyone interested in addiction, why rich people steal or just wants to read about interesting criminal cases. Importantly, Dr. Brady adds to mounting evidence by criminologists that certain categories of theft can be interpreted as a behavioral addiction (like hoarding, sexual fixation, gambling, excessive exercising, compulsive-shopping, or uncontrolled Internet focus) and not caused by some kind of unproven brain dysregulation or chemical imbalance requiring drugs to fix. Treat Me Right is the fourth book in Dr. Brady's acclaimed, true crime, Bad Actors Series now available on Amazon. com or on his website-johncbrady.com. His first three books addressed why wealthy women steal and then sadly get hooked on psychiatric drugs indiscriminately prescribed by psychiatrists. This book's goal is to help anyone who finds him- herself caught in the trap of taking things that don't belong to them. Dr. Brady advances the premise that, "sometimes individuals commit general theft crimes such as shoplifting, corporate fraud, embezzlement, forgery and even bank robbery for reasons they don't immediately recognize, or maybe never will." After providing treatment to more than one hundred theft offenders, Dr. Brady developed his clinical opinion that, "lots of them were simply clueless why they jumped into the deep end of the theft pool and struggled for survival." In Treat Me Right, he helps his criminal patients search for the buried reasons they have gone off the deep end became addicted to stealing. Dr. Brady uses different types of therapies to treat different types of offenders. For instance, treatment methods like hypnotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy, exposure therapy, motivational interviewing, rational-emotive and existential therapy, while fundamentally differing in their orientations, can nevertheless be matched with specific theft addicts. Dr. Brady selected six of his fascinating criminal cases, for inclusion in his book, that are provocative and informative. The case of Shari Nelson, for example, a beautiful woman and successful hospital administrator who seemingly had everything to live for chronically stole expensive clothes and fine jewelry gruesomely harmed herself via exsanguination, by injecting a needle into her forearm and withdrawing large amounts of her own blood! Clearly, it was suicide on the installment plan. Shari feared public exposure as a thief more than a slow, painful, suicidal death! Her case is joined by five additional stories of disenfranchised thieves who were all charged with criminal theft and who, after counseling, showed improvement. Their almost unbelievable, individual backgrounds, psychological pathologies, heartbreaks, set- backs, psychological traumas, and lifestyles are highly divergent. Dr. Brady's book is packed with useful information, captivating vignettes and not cluttered with useless medical terms or obscure psychobabble perhaps proving that his treatments are, in fact, "right."

TOWARDS AN ENDOPHENOTYPE FOR BEHAVIORAL ADDICTIONS IS IT IMPULSIVITY OUR TARGET

TOWARDS AN ENDOPHENOTYPE FOR BEHAVIORAL ADDICTIONS  IS IT IMPULSIVITY OUR TARGET   Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2017
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Background and Aims:There exists a body of evidence on the importance of impulsivity as a personality trait in behavioral addictions. It could be included in the current drug addiction models, where impulsivity is an important core trait. Elsewhere, there is some evidence of heritability and genetic association for behavioral measures of impulsivity. The aim of this work is to do a systematic review of impulsivity as a endophenotype candidate for behavioral addictions.Methods:We have done a systematic review in PubMed about this topic.Results:Impulsivity plays an important role as a core factor in behavioral addictions. Every day appear an increasing number of publications and researches analyzing the extent of impulsivity to behavioral addictions. Behavioral dysregulation is thought to characterize suicidal behavior, with impulsivity trait related with it. There is some evidence of heritability and genetic association for behavioral measures of impulsivity. Whilstthere are very few publications about genetic studies of behavioral addictions, impulsivity endophenotype model could be suitable for behavioral addictions.Conclusions:- Very few articles talk about genetic in behavioral addictions.- Impulsivity is a core factor in behavioral addictions.- Impulsivity endophenotype model could be interesting to define the role of genetic in behavioral addictions.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-06-03
ISBN : 0080453961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Addiction Medicine

Addiction Medicine Book
Author : Bankole A. Johnson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-10
ISBN : 9781441903389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The spectrum of addiction disorders presents practitioners with numerous challenges—among them the widening gap between a growing evidence base and the translation of this knowledge into treatment outcomes. Addiction Medicine addresses this disconnect, clearly explaining the role of brain function in drug taking and other habit-forming behaviors, and applying this biobehavioral framework to the delivery of evidence-based treatment. Its state-of-the-art coverage provides clinically relevant details on not only traditional sources of addiction such as cocaine, opiates, and alcohol, but also more recently recognized substances of abuse (e.g., steroids, inhalants) as well as behavioral addictions (e.g., binge eating, compulsive gambling, hoarding). Current behavioral and medical therapies are discussed in depth, and the book’s close attention to social context gives readers an added lens for personalizing treatment. An international panel of expert contributors offers the most up-to-date information on: Diagnosis and classification Neurobiological and molecular theories of addiction Behavioral concepts of addiction Clinical aspects of addiction to a wide range of substances, including opiates, stimulants, sedatives, hallucinogens, alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine Science-based treatment options: pharmacotherapy, pharmacogenetics, potential vaccines, brief and compliance-enhancing interventions, cognitive behavioral treatment, behavioral management, and other psychosocial interventions Behavioral addictions—including compulsive eating, Internet messaging, and hypersexuality—and their treatment Addiction in specific populations, including adolescents, the elderly, pregnant women, and health care professionals Legal, disability, and rehabilitation issues At once comprehensive and integrative, Addiction Medicine is an essential text and a practice-expanding tool for psychiatrists, health psychologists, pharmacologists, social workers, drug counselors, trainees, and general physicians/family practitioners.

Addiction An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics E Book

Addiction  An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics   E Book Book
Author : Itai Danovitch,John J. Mariani
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-06-08
ISBN : 1455744344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This completely new and updated issue takes a focused look at addiction psychiatry in three sections: Diagnostics, Therapeutics, and New Directions. Dr. Danovitch, from Cedars-Sinai and Dr. Mariani from Columbia hone in on the most rapidly advancing and relevant areas of addiction for practitioners today, from defining addiction (implications of DSM-V), to genetics and neurobiology, to specific treatment options for a variety of patient populations: for pregnant women, adolescents, and patients suffering from chronic pain, for example. A variety of addiction types are discussed (ie, opioid, stimulant, and cannabis). The issue closes with discussions of emerging trends, systems of care, investigational therapeutics and the role of the criminal justice system.

Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy Book
Author : Ingrid Sochting
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-20
ISBN : 111851033X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With coverage of the latest theory and research, this is a complete guide to implementing cognitive behavioral group therapy for practitioners and trainees in a range of mental health disciplines. Presents evidence-based protocols for depression, panic, social anxiety, generalized anxiety, posttraumatic stress, OCD, compulsive hoarding, psychosis, and addiction Provides innovative solutions for achieving efficient, effective therapy as mandated by emerging health care priorities, as well as trouble-shoots for common problems such as dropouts Details unique strategies for working with ethnic minorities and clients across the age spectrum, along with material on mindfulness augmentation and transdiagnostic approaches Includes clear, accessible instructions, complete with references to DSM-5 diagnostic changes, real-life clinical examples, and group session transcripts