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Basics Of Interferometry

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Basics of Interferometry

Basics of Interferometry Book
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080918611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is for those who have some knowledge of optics, but little or no previous experience in interferometry. Accordingly, the carefully designed presentation helps readers easily find and assimilate the interferometric techniques they need for precision measurements. Mathematics is held to a minimum, and the topics covered are also summarized in capsule overviews at the beginning and end of each chapter. Each chapter also contains a set of worked problems that give a feel for numbers. The first five chapters present a clear tutorial review of fundamentals. Chapters six and seven discuss the types of lasers and photodetectors used in interferometry. The next eight chapters describe key applications of interferometry: measurements of length, optical testing, studies of refractive index fields, interference microscopy, holographic and speckle interferometry, interferometric sensors, interference spectroscopy, and Fourier-transform spectroscopy. The final chapter offers suggestions on choosing and setting up an interferometer.

Optical Interferometry 2e

Optical Interferometry  2e Book
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-10-20
ISBN : 0080473644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When the first edition of Optical Interferometry was published, interferometry was regarded as a rather esoteric method of making measurements, largely confined to the laboratory. Today, however, besides its use in several fields of research, it has applications in fields as diverse as measurement of length and velocity, sensors for rotation, acceleration, vibration and electrical and magnetic fields, as well as in microscopy and nanotechnology. Most topics are discussed first at a level accessible to anyone with a basic knowledge of physical optics, then a more detailed treatment of the topic is undertaken, and finally each topic is supplemented by a reference list of more than 1000 selected original publications in total. Historical development of interferometry The laser as a light source Two-beam interference Techniques for frequency stabilization Coherence Electronic phase measurements Multiple-beam interference Quantum effects in optical interference Extensive coverage of the applications of interferometry, such as measurements of length, optical testing, interference microscopy, interference spectroscopy, Fourier-transform spectroscopy, interferometric sensors, nonlinear interferometers, stellar interferometry, and studies of space-time and gravitation

Basics of Interferometry

Basics of Interferometry Book
Author : P. Hariharan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2006-11
ISBN : 9781493301003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optical interferometry is used in communications, medical imaging, astonomy, and structural measurement. With the use of an interferometer engineers and scientists are able to complete surface inspections of micromachined surfaces and semiconductors. Medical technicians are able to give more consise diagnoses with the employ of interferometers in microscopy, spectroscopy, and coherent tomography. Originating from a one-day course, this material was expanded to serve as an introduction to the topic for engineers and scientists that have little optical knowledge but a need for more in their daily work lives. The need for interferometry knowledge has crossed the boundaries of engineering fields and Dr. Hariharan has written a book that answers the questions that new practitioners to interferometry have and haven't even thought of yet. This new edition includes complete updates of all material with an emphasis on applications. It also has new chapters on white-light microsopy and interference with single photons. *Outstanding introduction to the world of optical interferometry with summaries at the begining and end of each chapter, several appendices with essential information, and worked numerical problems *Practical details enrich understanding for readers new to this material *New chapters on white-light microscopy for medical imaging and interference with single photons(quantum optics)

Radar Interferometry

Radar Interferometry Book
Author : Ramon F. Hanssen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-18
ISBN : 0306476339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the product of five and a half years of research dedicated to the und- standing of radar interferometry, a relatively new space-geodetic technique for m- suring the earth’s topography and its deformation. The main reason for undertaking this work, early 1995, was the fact that this technique proved to be extremely useful for wide-scale, fine-resolution deformation measurements. Especially the interf- ometric products from the ERS-1 satellite provided beautiful first results—several interferometric images appeared as highlights on the cover of journals such as Nature and Science. Accuracies of a few millimeters in the radar line of sight were claimed in semi-continuous image data acquired globally, irrespective of cloud cover or solar illumination. Unfortunately, because of the relative lack of supportive observations at these resolutions and accuracies, validation of the precision and reliability of the results remained an issue of concern. From a geodetic point of view, several survey techniques are commonly available to measure a specific geophysical phenomenon. To make an optimal choice between these techniques it is important to have a uniform and quantitative approach for describing the errors and how these errors propagate to the estimated parameters. In this context, the research described in this book was initiated. It describes issues involved with different types of errors, induced by the sensor, the data processing, satellite positioning accuracy, atmospheric propagation, and scattering character- tics. Nevertheless, as the first item in the subtitle “Data Interpretation and Error Analysis” suggests, data interpretation is not always straightforward.

Field Guide to Interferometric Optical Testing

Field Guide to Interferometric Optical Testing Book
Author : Eric P. Goodwin,James C. Wyant
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780819465108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A distillation of Dr. Wyant's course at University of Arizona, this Field Guide covers the key fundamentals of interferometry, types of interferometers and interferograms, concepts of phase-shifting interferometry, long-wavelength interferometry, testing of aspheric surfaces, measurement of surface microstructure, flat and curved surface testing, and absolute measurements.

Optical Interferometry

Optical Interferometry Book
Author : Alexandr Banishev,Jue Wang,Mithun Bhowmick
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-02-15
ISBN : 9535129554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optical methods of measurements are the most sensitive techniques of noncontact investigations, and at the same time, they are fast as well as accurate which increases reproducibility of observed results. In recent years, the importance of optical interferometry methods for research has dramatically increased, and applications range from precise surface testing to finding extrasolar planets. This book covers various aspects of optical interferometry including descriptions of novel apparatuses and methods, application interferometry for studying biological objects, surface qualities, materials characterization, and optical testing. The book includes a series of chapters in which experts share recent progress in interferometry through original research and literature reviews.

Phase Estimation in Optical Interferometry

Phase Estimation in Optical Interferometry Book
Author : Pramod Rastogi,Erwin Hack
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 1466598328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase Estimation in Optical Interferometry covers the essentials of phase-stepping algorithms used in interferometry and pseudointerferometric techniques. It presents the basic concepts and mathematics needed for understanding the phase estimation methods in use today. The first four chapters focus on phase retrieval from image transforms using a single frame. The next several chapters examine the local environment of a fringe pattern, give a broad picture of the phase estimation approach based on local polynomial phase modeling, cover temporal high-resolution phase evaluation methods, and present methods of phase unwrapping. The final chapter discusses experimental imperfections that are liable to adversely influence the accuracy of phase measurements. Responding to the push for the deployment of novel technologies and fast-evolving techniques, this book provides a framework for understanding various modern phase estimation methods. It also helps readers get a comparative view of the performance and limitations of the approaches.

Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine

Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine Book
Author : David D. Nolte
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-04
ISBN : 1461408903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the fundamental physics of optical interferometry as applied to biophysical, biological and medical research. Interference is at the core of many types of optical detection and is a powerful probe of cellular and tissue structure in interfererence microscopy and in optical coherence tomography. It is also the root cause of speckle and other imaging artefacts that limit range and resolution. For biosensor applications, the inherent sensitivity of interferometry enables ultrasensitive detection of molecules in biological samples for medical diagnostics. In this book, emphasis is placed on the physics of light scattering, beginning with the molecular origins of refraction as light propagates through matter, and then treating the stochastic nature of random fields that ultimately dominate optical imaging in cells and tissue. The physics of partial coherence plays a central role in the text, with a focus on coherence detection techniques that allow information to be selectively detected out of incoherent and heterogeneous backgrounds. Optical Interferometry for Biology and Medicine is divided into four sections. The first covers fundamental principles, and the next three move up successive scales, beginning with molecular interferometry (biosensors), moving to cellular interferometry (microscopy), and ending with tissue interferometry (biomedical). An outstanding feature of the book is the clear presentation of the physics, with easy derivations of the appropriate equations, while emphasizing "rules of thumb" that can be applied by experimental researchers to give semi-quantitative predictions.

Interferogram Analysis For Optical Testing

Interferogram Analysis For Optical Testing Book
Author : Zacarias Malacara,Manuel Servín
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420027271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this day of digitalization, you can work within the technology of optics without having to fully understand the science behind it. However, for those who wish to master the science, rather than merely be its servant, it's essential to learn the nuances, such as those involved with studying fringe patterns produced by optical testing interferometers. When Interferogram Analysis for Optical Testing originally came to print, it filled the need for an authoritative reference on this aspect of fringe analysis. That it was also exceptionally current and highly accessible made its arrival even more relevant. Of course, any book on something as cutting edge as interferogram analysis, no matter how insightful, isn't going to stay relevant forever. The second edition of Interferogram Analysis for Optical Testing is designed to meet the needs of all those involved or wanting to become involved in this area of advanced optical engineering. For those new to the science, it provides the necessary fundamentals, including basic computational methods for studying fringe patterns. For those with deeper experience, it fills in the gaps and adds the information necessary to complete and update one's education. Written by the most experienced researchers in optical testing, this text discusses classical and innovative fringe analysis, principles of Fourier theory, digital image filtering, phase detection algorithms, and aspheric wavelength testing. It also explains how to assess wavefront deformation by calculating slope and local average curvature.

Field Guide to Displacement Measuring Interferometry

Field Guide to Displacement Measuring Interferometry Book
Author : Jonathan David Ellis,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780819498007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Field Guide provides a practical treatment of the fundamental theory of displacement measuring interferometry, with examples of interferometry systems and uses. It outlines alignment techniques for optical components, signal processing systems for phase measurements, and laser stabilization for homodyne and heterodyne sources. The concept of displacement measurement uncertainty is discussed with a practical example of calculating uncertainty budgets. For practicing engineers, this Field Guide will serve as a refresher manual for error sources and uncertainty budgets. For researchers, it will bring new insight to the way in which this technology can be useful in their field. For new engineers, researchers, and students, it will also serve as an introduction into basic alignment techniques for breadboard-based optical systems.

The Fabry Perot Interferometer

The Fabry Perot Interferometer Book
Author : M Vaughan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351410504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fabry-Perot Interferometer: History, Theory, Practice and Applications presents an invaluable introduction to the Fabry-Perot interferometer, including a brief overview of its history, a look at its applications, and plenty of practical advice on how to use the instrument.

Optical Metrology with Interferometry

Optical Metrology with Interferometry Book
Author : Dahi Ghareab,Abdelsalam Ibrahim
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2019-10
ISBN : 9781527537231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The accurate measurements of surface topography are becoming important to many applications in both engineering and science. Optical interferometry is considered a preferable technique for featuring accurate 3D surface profiling since it is non-contacting, non-destructive and highly accurate. In combination with computers and other electronic devices, optical interferometry has become faster, more reliable, more convenient and more robust. There is now a wealth of new optical interferometry techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure surface topography with high precision. Each method has both its strong points and its limitations. This book explains in detail the basics of optical interferometry, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their simulation and uncertainties. Moreover, it provides an introduction to new frontiers in optical interferometry, including terahertz technology and optical frequency combs.

Atom Interferometry

Atom Interferometry Book
Author : Paul R. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1997-01-08
ISBN : 9780080527680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of atom interferometry has expanded rapidly in recent years, and todays research laboratories are using atom interferometers both as inertial sensors and for precision measurements. Many researchers also use atom interferometry as a means of researching fundamental questions in quantum mechanics. Atom Interferometry contains contributions from theoretical and experimental physicists at the forefront of this rapidly developing field. Editor Paul R. Berman includes an excellent balance of background material and recent experimental results,providing a general overview of atom interferometry and demonstrating the promise that it holds for the future. Includes contributions from many of the research groups that have pioneered this emerging field Discusses and demonstrates new aspects of the wave nature of atoms Explains the many important applications of atom interferometry, from a measurement of the gravitational constant to atom lithography Examines applications of atom interferometry to fundamentally important quantum mechanics problems

Processing of SAR Data

Processing of SAR Data Book
Author : Achim Hein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3662094576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for students, remote sensing specialists, researchers and SAR system designers, Processing of SAR Data shows how to produce quality SAR images. In particular, this practical reference presents new methods and algorithms concerning the interferometric processing of SAR data with emphasis on system and signal theory, namely how SAR imagery is formed, how interferometry SAR images are created, and a detailed mathematical description of different focussing algorithms. Starting with the processing basics and progressing to the final geo-coded SAR data product, the book describes the complete processing steps in detail. Algorithms based on the effects of side-looking geometry are developed to correct foreshortening, shadowing and layover.

Optical Specification Fabrication and Testing

Optical Specification  Fabrication  and Testing Book
Author : Jim Schwiegerling,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9781628413670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book connects the dots between geometrical optics, interference and diffraction, and aberrations to illustrate the development of an optical system. It focuses on initial layout, design and aberration analysis, fabrication, and, finally, testing and verification of the individual components and the system performance. It also covers more specialized topics such as fitting Zernike polynomials, representing aspheric surfaces with the Forbes Q polynomials, and testing with the Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor. These topics are discussed in more detail than is found in other textbooks, and the techniques are developed to the point where readers can pursue their own analyses or modify to their particular situations.

Practical Optical Interferometry

Practical Optical Interferometry Book
Author : David F. Buscher
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-07-28
ISBN : 1107042178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practically focused guide to optical interferometry, bringing together core concepts needed to plan observations, analyse data and reconstruct images.

Coherent Optics

Coherent Optics Book
Author : Werner Lauterborn,Thomas Kurz,Martin Wiesenfeldt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662031442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coherent Optics presents, in a concise and lively overview, easy access to the fundamentals and modern aspects of this field. From text based on coherence and its measurement the reader gains access to the fields of interferometry, holography and Fourier optics while becoming acquainted with methods of coherent optical techniques of measurement. From the multitude of nonlinear optical phenomena the following topics are particularly discussed: the laser with its nonlinear dynamics, tree-wave interference, the optical parametric amplifier, and nonlinear fibre optics including solitons for signal transmission. Many examples and exercises with complete solutions make this book a valuable study text.

Fundamentals Of Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors Second Edition

Fundamentals Of Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors  Second Edition  Book
Author : Saulson Peter R
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-02-16
ISBN : 9813146206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

LIGO's recent discovery of gravitational waves was headline news around the world. Many people will want to understand more about what a gravitational wave is, how LIGO works, and how LIGO functions as a detector of gravitational waves.This book aims to communicate the basic logic of interferometric gravitational wave detectors to students who are new to the field. It assumes that the reader has a basic knowledge of physics, but no special familiarity with gravitational waves, with general relativity, or with the special techniques of experimental physics. All of the necessary ideas are developed in the book.The first edition was published in 1994. Since the book is aimed at explaining the physical ideas behind the design of LIGO, it stands the test of time. For the second edition, an Epilogue has been added; it brings the treatment of technical details up to date, and provides references that would allow a student to become proficient with today's designs.

Principles of Stellar Interferometry

Principles of Stellar Interferometry Book
Author : Andreas Glindemann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-04
ISBN : 3642150284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The imaging process in stellar interferometers is explained starting from first principles on wave propagation and diffraction. Wave propagation through turbulence is described in detail using Kolmogorov statistics. The impact of turbulence on the imaging process is discussed both for single telescopes and for interferometers. Correction methods (adaptive optics and fringe tracking) are presented including wavefront sensing/fringe sensing methods and closed loop operation. Instrumental techniques like beam combination and visibility measurements (modulus and phase) as well as Nulling and heterodyne interferometry are described. The book closes with examples of observing programmes linking the theory with individual astrophysical programmes.