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Basics Of Computational Geophysics

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Basics of Computational Geophysics

Basics of Computational Geophysics Book
Author : Pijush Samui,Barnali Dixon,Dieu Tien Bui
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 0128209011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basics of Computational Geophysics provides a one-stop, collective resource for practitioners on the different techniques and models in geoscience, their practical applications, and case studies. The reference provides the modeling theory in an easy-to-read format that is verified with onsite models for specific regions and scenarios, including the use of big data and artificial intelligence. This book offers a platform whereby readers will learn theory, practical applications, and the comparison of real-world problems surrounding geomechanics, modeling and optimizations. Covers various advanced computational techniques for solving different problems in geophysics, including the use of Big Data and artificial intelligence Includes case studies that provide examples surrounding practical applications Provides an assessment of the capabilities of commercial software

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics Book
Author : Bashar Alsadik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 0128175893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to Geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, and geodesy. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in Geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of Geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-dimensional applications of Geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Computational Geo Electromagnetics

Computational Geo Electromagnetics Book
Author : Viacheslav V. Spichak
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-02
ISBN : 0128196319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts, Volume Five in the Computational Geophysics series, is devoted to techniques for building of geoelectrical models from electromagnetic data, featuring Bayesian statistical analysis and neural network algorithms. These models are applied to studying the geoelectrical structure of famous volcanoes (i.e., Vesuvio, Kilauea, Elbrus, Komagatake, Hengill) and geothermal zones (i.e., Travale, Italy; Soultz-sous-Forets, Elsace). Methodological recommendations are given on electromagnetic sounding of faults as well as geothermal and hydrocarbon reservoirs. Techniques for forecasting of petrophysical properties from the electrical resistivity as proxy parameter are also considered. Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts offers techniques and algorithms for building geoelectrical models under conditions of rare or irregularly distributed EM data and/or lack of prior geological and geophysical information. This volume also includes methodological guidelines on interpretation of electromagnetic sounding data depending on goals of the study. Finally, it details computational algorithms for using electrical resistivity for properties beyond boreholes. Provides algorithms for inversion of incomplete, rare or irregularly distributed EM data Features methodological issues of building geoelectrical models Offers techniques for retrieving petrophysical properties from EM sounding data and well logs

Automation and Computational Intelligence for Road Maintenance and Management

Automation and Computational Intelligence for Road Maintenance and Management Book
Author : Hamzeh Zakeri,Fereidoon Moghadas Nejad,Amir H. Gandomi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-07-13
ISBN : 1119800641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Automation and Computational Intelligence for Road Maintenance and Management A comprehensive computational intelligence toolbox for solving problems in infrastructure management In Automation and Computational Intelligence for Road Maintenance and Management, a team of accomplished researchers delivers an incisive reference that covers the latest developments in computer technology infrastructure management. The book contains an overview of foundational and emerging technologies and methods in both automation and computational intelligence, as well as detailed presentations of specific methodologies. The distinguished authors emphasize the most recent advances in the maintenance and management of infrastructure robotics, automated inspection, remote sensing, and the applications of new and emerging computing technologies, including artificial intelligence, evolutionary computing, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, knowledge discovery and engineering, and more. Automation and Computational Intelligence for Road Maintenance and Management explores a universal synthesis of the cutting edge in parameters and indices to evaluate models. It also includes: Thorough introductions to management science and the latest methods of automation and the structure and framework of automation and computing intelligence Comprehensive explorations of advanced image processing techniques, recent advances in fuzzy, and diagnosis automation Practical discussions of segmentation and fragmentation and different types of features and feature extraction methods In-depth examinations of methods of classification along with various developed methodologies and models of quantification, evaluation, and indexing in automation Perfect for postgraduate students in road and transportation engineering, evaluation, and assessment, Automation and Computational Intelligence for Road Maintenance and Management will also earn a place in the libraries of researchers interested in or working with the evaluation and assessment of infrastructure.

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics Book
Author : Eldad Haber
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 2014-12-11
ISBN : 1611973791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph provides a framework for students and practitioners who are working on the solution of electromagnetic imaging in geophysics. Bridging the gap between theory and practical applied material (for example, inverse and forward problems), it provides a simple explanation of finite volume discretization, basic concepts in solving inverse problems through optimization, a summary of applied electromagnetics methods, and MATLAB??code for efficient computation.

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica Book
Author : William Haneberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642185541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica is the only book written by a geologist specifically to show geologists and geoscientists how to use Mathematica to formulate and solve problems. It spans a broad range of geologic and mathematical topics, which are drawn from the author's extensive experience in research, consulting, and teaching. The reference and text leads readers step-by-step through geologic applications such as custom graphics programming, data input and output, linear and differential equations, linear and nonlinear regression, Monte Carlo simulation, time series and image analysis, and the visualization and analysis of geologic surfaces. It is packed with actual Mathematica output and includes boxed Computer Notes with tips and exploration suggestions.

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Fundamentals of Geophysics Book
Author : William Lowrie
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-09-20
ISBN : 1139465953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.

Computational Methods for Geodynamics

Computational Methods for Geodynamics Book
Author : Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Paul Tackley
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-07-22
ISBN : 1139489356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written as both a textbook and a handy reference, this text deliberately avoids complex mathematics assuming only basic familiarity with geodynamic theory and calculus. Here, the authors have brought together the key numerical techniques for geodynamic modeling, demonstrations of how to solve problems including lithospheric deformation, mantle convection and the geodynamo. Building from a discussion of the fundamental principles of mathematical and numerical modeling, the text moves into critical examinations of each of the different techniques before concluding with a detailed analysis of specific geodynamic applications. Key differences between methods and their respective limitations are also discussed - showing readers when and how to apply a particular method in order to produce the most accurate results. This is an essential text for advanced courses on numerical and computational modeling in geodynamics and geophysics, and an invaluable resource for researchers looking to master cutting-edge techniques. Links to supplementary computer codes are available online.

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields Book
Author : Lev Eppelbaum
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 0128116862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Methods and Applications in Reservoir Geophysics

Methods and Applications in Reservoir Geophysics Book
Author : David H. Johnston,Michael R. Cooper
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1560802162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The reservoir-engineering tutorial discusses issues and data critically important engineers. The geophysics tutorial has explanations of the tools and data in case studies. Then each chapter focuses on a phase of field life: exploration appraisal, development planning, and production optimization. The last chapter explores emerging technologies.

Computational Science

Computational Science Book
Author : Dmitry Kiryanov,Elena Kiryanova
Publisher : Infinity Science Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0977858227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Applications-Oriented Book Teaches Students And Engineers How To Employ Mathematical Techniques For Simulation And Data Processing Using Mathcad. It Is Designed As A Reference For Practicing Engineers Or For Use As A Standard University Course Text, Illustrating Practical Examples From Computational Science (Such As Optics, Environmental Science, Chemistry, Biology, Tomography, Economics, Etc). The Authors Describe The Most Popular Classical Algorithms And Modern Techniques With All Of The Examples Computed In Mathcad (On CD-ROM).

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition Book
Author : Horst Langer,Susanna Falsaperla,Conny Hammer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 0128118431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition presents various methods of pattern recognition and classification, useful to geophysicists, geochemists, geologists, geographers, data analysts, and educators and students of geosciences. Scientific and technological progress has dramatically improved the knowledge of our planet with huge amounts of digital data available in various fields of Earth Sciences, such as geology, geophysics, and geography. This has led to a new perspective of data analysis, requiring specific techniques that take several features into consideration rather than single parameters. Pattern recognition techniques offer a suitable key for processing and extracting useful information from the data of multivariate analysis. This book explores both supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques, while providing insight into their application. Offers real-world examples of techniques for pattern recognition and handling multivariate data Includes examples, applications, and diagrams to enhance understanding Provides an introduction and access to relevant software packages

Basic Theory in Reflection Seismology

Basic Theory in Reflection Seismology Book
Author : J.K. Costain,C. Coruh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-10-27
ISBN : 0080457568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The material in this volume provides the basic theory necessary to understand the principles behind imaging the subsurface of the Earth using reflection and refraction seismology. For reflection seismology, the end product is a "record section" from a collection of "wiggly traces" that are recorded in the field from which information about the properties of subsurface structure and rock can be derived. For the most part, the principles of imaging are the same regardless of the depth to the target; the same mathematical background is necessary for targeting a shallow water table as for investigating the base of the earth's continental "crust" at a depth of 30-50 km.

Risk Reliability and Sustainable Remediation in the Field of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Risk  Reliability and Sustainable Remediation in the Field of Civil and Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Thendiyath Roshni,Pijush Samui,Dieu Tien Bui,Dookie Kim,Rahman Khatibi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-22
ISBN : 0323856993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk, Reliability and Sustainable Remediation in the Field of Civil and Environmental Engineering illustrates the concepts of risk, reliability analysis, its estimation, and the decisions leading to sustainable development in the field of civil and environmental engineering. The book provides key ideas on risks in performance failure and structural failures of all processes involved in civil and environmental systems, evaluates reliability, and discusses the implications of measurable indicators of sustainability in important aspects of multitude of civil engineering projects. It will help practitioners become familiar with tolerances in design parameters, uncertainties in the environment, and applications in civil and environmental systems. Furthermore, the book emphasizes the importance of risks involved in design and planning stages and covers reliability techniques to discover and remove the potential failures to achieve a sustainable development. Contains relevant theory and practice related to risk, reliability and sustainability in the field of civil and environment engineering Gives firsthand experience of new tools to integrate existing artificial intelligence models with large information obtained from different sources Provides engineering solutions that have a positive impact on sustainability

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : M.M. Poulton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-06-13
ISBN : 9780080529653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material. For those that already have a solid grasp of how to create a neural network application, this work can provide a wide range of examples of nuances in network design, data set design, testing strategy, and error analysis. Computational, rather than artificial, modifiers are used for neural networks in this book to make a distinction between networks that are implemented in hardware and those that are implemented in software. The term artificial neural network covers any implementation that is inorganic and is the most general term. Computational neural networks are only implemented in software but represent the vast majority of applications. While this book cannot provide a blue print for every conceivable geophysics application, it does outline a basic approach that has been used successfully.

Computational Seismology

Computational Seismology Book
Author : Heiner Igel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0198717407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering and many other fields. It looks under the hood of current simulation technology and provides guidelines on what to look out for when carrying out sophisticated simulation tasks.

Mathematical Methods for Geophysics and Space Physics

Mathematical Methods for Geophysics and Space Physics Book
Author : William I. Newman
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2016-05-03
ISBN : 1400882826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graduate students in the natural sciences—including not only geophysics and space physics but also atmospheric and planetary physics, ocean sciences, and astronomy—need a broad-based mathematical toolbox to facilitate their research. In addition, they need to survey a wider array of mathematical methods that, while outside their particular areas of expertise, are important in related ones. While it is unrealistic to expect them to develop an encyclopedic knowledge of all the methods that are out there, they need to know how and where to obtain reliable and effective insights into these broader areas. Here at last is a graduate textbook that provides these students with the mathematical skills they need to succeed in today's highly interdisciplinary research environment. This authoritative and accessible book covers everything from the elements of vector and tensor analysis to ordinary differential equations, special functions, and chaos and fractals. Other topics include integral transforms, complex analysis, and inverse theory; partial differential equations of mathematical geophysics; probability, statistics, and computational methods; and much more. Proven in the classroom, Mathematical Methods for Geophysics and Space Physics features numerous exercises throughout as well as suggestions for further reading. Provides an authoritative and accessible introduction to the subject Covers vector and tensor analysis, ordinary differential equations, integrals and approximations, Fourier transforms, diffusion and dispersion, sound waves and perturbation theory, randomness in data, and a host of other topics Features numerous exercises throughout Ideal for students and researchers alike An online illustration package is available to professors

Atmospheres and Oceans on Computers

Atmospheres and Oceans on Computers Book
Author : Lars Petter Røed
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-04
ISBN : 3319938649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook introduces step by step the basic numerical methods to solve the equations governing the motion of the atmosphere and ocean, and describes how to develop a set of corresponding instructions for the computer as part of a code. Today's computers are powerful enough to allow 7-day forecasts within hours, and modern teaching of the subject requires a combination of theoretical and computational approaches. The presentation is aimed at beginning graduate students intending to become forecasters or researchers, that is, users of existing models or model developers. However, model developers must be well versed in the underlying physics as well as in numerical methods. Thus, while some of the topics discussed in the modeling of the atmosphere and ocean are more advanced, the book ensures that the gap between those scientists who analyze results from model simulations and observations and those who work with the inner works of the model does not widen further. In this spirit, the course presents methods whereby important balance equations in oceanography and meteorology, namely the advection-diffusion equation and the shallow water equations on a rotating Earth, can be solved by numerical means with little prior knowledge. The numerical focus is on the finite-difference (FD) methods, and although more powerful methods exist, the simplicity of FD makes it ideal as a pedagogical introduction to the subject. The book also includes suitable exercises and computer problems.

Basic Geophysics

Basic Geophysics Book
Author : Enders A. Robinson,Dean Clark
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 1560803452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For a thorough comprehension of the field of geophysics, we need to understand its origins. Basic Geophysics by Enders Robinson and Dean Clark takes us on a journey that demonstrates how the achievements of our predecessors have paved the way for our modern science. From the ancient Greeks through the Enlightenment to the greats of the contemporary age, the reasoning behind basic principles is explored and clarified. With that foundation, several advanced topics are examined, including: the 3D wave equation; ray tracing and seismic modeling; reflection, refraction, and diffraction; and WKBJ migration. The successful integration of the historical narrative alongside practical analysis of relevant principles makes this book an excellent resource for both novices and professionals, and all readers will gain insight and appreciation for the seismic theory that underlies modern exploration seismology.

Air Force Surveys in Geophysics

Air Force Surveys in Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Air Force Surveys in Geophysics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.