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Basics In Human Evolution

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Basics in Human Evolution

Basics in Human Evolution Book
Author : Michael P Muehlenbein
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 0128026936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basics in Human Evolution offers a broad view of evolutionary biology and medicine. The book is written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field. From evolutionary theory, to cultural evolution, this book fills gaps in the readers’ knowledge from various backgrounds and introduces them to thought leaders in human evolution research. Offers comprehensive coverage of the wide ranging field of human evolution Written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field Provides expertise from leading minds in the field Allows the reader the ability to gain exposure to various topics in one publication

The Basics of Evolution

The Basics of Evolution Book
Author : Anne Wanjie
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group
Release : 2013-07-15
ISBN : 1477705627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This compelling text examines evolution, its definition, the scientific evidence that evolution has taken place, natural selection, Darwin's Origin of Species, genetics and evolution, population genetics, patterns in evolution and species concepts, the story of life and geological time, and human evolution. The easy-to-follow narrative offers students additional biological information in sidebars, such as "Closeup" boxes that give details about main concepts, "Try This" boxes that provide safe experiments for readers to perform, "What Do You Think?" panels that challenge students' reading comprehension, "Applications" boxes that describe how biological knowledge improves daily life, "Red Herring" boxes that profile failed theories, "Hot Debate" panels that spotlight the disagreements and discussions that rage in the biological sciences, and "Genetic Perspective" boxes that summarize the latest genetic research. The text serves as a must-have resource on modern thinking about evolution and the history of evolutionary theories.

Biological Anthropology

Biological Anthropology Book
Author : Noel Thomas Boaz,Alan J. Almquist
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780130908193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition of Biological Anthropology is evolutionary in perspective in the belief that evolution is the only unifying theory that can clearly explain the existing array of biological and cultural data. The basics of anthropological theory and human genetics are introduced before the topics of vertebrate evolution, primate evolution and social behavior, human evolution and behavior, and human variation and adaptation. In each section, behavior, morphology, adaptation, and ecology are discussed to provide the comparative basis for human origins. Includes expanded sections on genetics, with a new chapter on classic genetics (Ch. 2), and a new chapter on Darwinian evolution (Ch. 3); a new chapter on the living primates, their distribution and anatomical adaptations (Ch. 7); an expanded section on Homo, including a new chapter on Homo sapiens sapiens; and a new chapter on hominoid and human behavior (Ch. 13), which combines the evolution of hominoid behavior and the evolution of human social behavior.

Human Behavior

Human Behavior Book
Author : Joe Miller
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2017-12-07
ISBN : 9781981402205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Behavior; A Basic Guide to Understanding Human Behaviour The entirety of human evolution is greatly influenced by the behavioral changes that have taken place over the ages and still now the process is on the move. However, when it comes to understanding the process in in a simple way, one can hardly find an easy option. There are books, theories, and piles of research materials, but they are for those who are already aware of the basic ideas. The book is a basic insight into human behavior and its rationales. The author has tried to link the requirements of human mind and body, and how these needs control the process of human behavior at every stage of development. In this book, you will find all the information you're looking for about: Suffering Depression Emotion The Basics so much more! When you download Human Behavior; A Basic Guide to Understanding Human Behaviour you understand all you need to know about Human Behavior! Would you like to start today? If you do, just scroll up and hit the BUY button. Enjoy!

Evolution The Basics

Evolution  The Basics Book
Author : Sherrie Lyons
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2012-04-27
ISBN : 1136666044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolution: The Basics is an engaging introduction to the history, development and science of the theory of evolution. Beginning pre-Darwin and concluding with the latest research and controversies, readers are introduced to the origins of the idea of evolution, the ways in which it has developed and been adapted over time and the science underpinning it all. Topics addressed include: • early theories of evolution • the impact of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species • the discovery of genetics and Mendel’s experiments • molecular evolution and the discovery of DNA • the expansion of life and the persistence of disease • revisiting evolutionary ethics and the development of empathy. Evolution: The Basics examines the role of evolution in current debates and discusses the possible future developments in the field. This book is invaluable reading for all students and individuals seeking to understand the wide ranging sphere of evolutionary theory.

Wild Things 2 0

Wild Things 2 0 Book
Author : James Walker,David Clinnick,Helen Drinkall,Stephanie Piper
Publisher : Oxbow Books
Release : 2019-10-10
ISBN : 1785709496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the first Wild Things volume (Oxbow Books 2014), which aimed to showcase the research putting archaeologists researching the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic at the cutting edge of understanding humanity’s past, this collection of contributions presents recent research from an international group of both early career and established scientists. Covering aspects of both Palaeolithic and Mesolithic research in order to encourage dialogue between practitioners of archaeology of both periods, contributions are also geographically diverse, touching on British, European, North American, and Asian archaeology. Topics covered include transitional periods, deer and people, stone tool technologies, pottery, land-use, antler frontlets, and the development of prehistoric archaeology an 'age of wonder'.

Chimpanzee

Chimpanzee Book
Author : Kevin D. Hunt
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 1108882897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chimpanzee is one of our planet's best-loved and most instantly recognisable animals. Splitting from the human lineage between four and six million years ago, it is (along with its cousin, the bonobo) our closest living relative, sharing around 94% of our DNA. First encountered by Westerners in the seventeenth century, virtually nothing was known about chimpanzees in their natural environment until 1960, when Jane Goodall travelled to Gombe to live and work with them. Accessibly written, yet fully referenced and uncompromising in its accuracy and comprehensiveness, this book encapsulates everything we currently know about chimpanzees: from their discovery and why we study them, to their anatomy, physiology, genetics and culture. The text is beautifully illustrated and infused with examples and anecdotes drawn from the author's thirty years of primate observation, making this a perfect resource for students of biological anthropology and primatology as well as non-specialists interested in chimpanzees.

Essentials of Biological Anthropology

Essentials of Biological Anthropology Book
Author : Noel Thomas Boaz,Alan J. Almquist
Publisher : Pearson College Division
Release : 1998-09
ISBN : 9780130807939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strongly evolutionary in perspective in the belief that evolution is the only unifying theory that can clearly explain the existing array of biological and cultural data.Readers learn the basics of anthropological theory and human genetics before covering the topics of vertebrate evolution, primate evolution and social behavior, human evolution and behavior, and human variation and adaptation.

A Story of Us

A Story of Us Book
Author : Lesley Newson,Peter Richerson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-02-19
ISBN : 0190883219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It's time for a story of human evolution that goes beyond describing "ape-men" and talks about what women and children were doing. In a few decades, a torrent of new evidence and ideas about human evolution has allowed scientists to piece together a more detailed understanding of what went on thousands and even millions of years ago. We now know much more about the problems our ancestors faced, the solutions they found, and the trade-offs they made. The drama of their experiences led to the humans we are today: an animal that relies on a complex culture. We are a species that can and does rapidly evolve cultural solutions as we face new problems, but the intricacies of our cultures mean that this often creates new challenges. Our species' unique capacity for culture began to evolve millions of years ago, but it only really took off in the last few hundred thousand years. This capacity allowed our ancestors to survive and raise their difficult children during times of extreme climate chaos. Understanding how this has evolved can help us understand the cultural change and diversity that we experience today. Lesley Newson and Peter Richerson, a husband-and-wife team based at the University of California, Davis, began their careers with training in biology. The two have spent years together and individually researching and collaborating with scholars from a wide range of disciplines to produce a deep history of humankind. In A Story of Us, they present this rich narrative and explain how the evolution of our genes relates to the evolution of our cultures. Newson and Richerson take readers through seven stages of human evolution, beginning seven million years ago with the apes that were the ancestors of humans and today's chimps and bonobos. The story ends in the present day and offers a glimpse into the future.

Rethinking Human Evolution

Rethinking Human Evolution Book
Author : Jeffrey H. Schwartz
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2018-02-02
ISBN : 0262037327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributors from a range of disciplines consider the disconnect between human evolutionary studies and the rest of evolutionary biology. The study of human evolution often seems to rely on scenarios and received wisdom rather than theory and methodology, with each new fossil or molecular analysis interpreted as supporting evidence for the presumed lineage of human ancestry. We might wonder why we should pursue new inquiries if we already know the story. Is paleoanthropology an evolutionary science? Are analyses of human evolution biological? In this volume, contributors from disciplines that range from paleoanthropology to philosophy of science consider the disconnect between human evolutionary studies and the rest of evolutionary biology. All of the contributors reflect on their own research and its disciplinary context, considering how their fields of inquiry can move forward in new ways. The goal is to encourage a more multifaceted intellectual environment for the understanding of human evolution. Topics discussed include paleoanthropology's history of procedural idiosyncrasies; the role of mind and society in our evolutionary past; humans as large mammals rather than a special case; genomic analyses; computational approaches to phylogenetic reconstruction; descriptive morphology versus morphometrics; and integrating insights from archaeology into the interpretation of human fossils. Contributors Markus Bastir, Fred L. Bookstein, Claudine Cohen, Richard G. Delisle, Robin Dennell, Rob DeSalle, John de Vos, Emma M. Finestone, Huw S. Groucutt, Gabriele A. Macho, Fabrizzio Mc Manus, Apurva Narechania, Michael D. Petraglia, Thomas W. Plummer, J.W. F. Reumer, Jeff Rosenfeld, Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Dietrich Stout, Ian Tattersall, Alan R. Templeton, Michael Tessler, Peter J. Waddell, Martine Zilversmit

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and Reproduction

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and Reproduction Book
Author : Sallie Han,Cecília Tomori
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-11-10
ISBN : 100045598X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Handbook of Anthropology and Reproduction is a comprehensive overview of the topics, approaches, and trajectories in the anthropological study of human reproduction. The book brings together work from across the discipline of anthropology, with contributions by established and emerging scholars in archaeological, biological, linguistic, and sociocultural anthropology. Across these areas of research, consideration is given to the contexts, conditions, and contingencies that mark and shape the experiences of reproduction as always gendered, classed, and racialized. Over 39 chapters, a diverse range of international scholars cover topics including: Reproductive governance, stratification, justice, and freedom. Fertility and infertility. Technologies and imaginations. Queering reproduction. Pregnancy, childbirth, and reproductive loss. Postpartum and infant care. Care, kinship, and alloparenting. This is a valuable reference for scholars and upper-level students in anthropology and related disciplines associated with reproduction, including sociology, gender studies, science and technology studies, human development and family studies, global health, public health, medicine, medical humanities, and midwifery and nursing.

Human Physiology Biochemistry and Basic Medicine

Human Physiology  Biochemistry and Basic Medicine Book
Author : Laurence A. Cole,Peter R. Kramer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-13
ISBN : 0128037172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Physiology, Biochemistry and Basic Medicine is a unique perspective that draws together human biology, physiology, biochemistry, nutrition, and cell biology in one comprehensive volume. In this way, it is uniquely qualified to address the needs of the emerging field of humanology, a holistic approach to understanding the biology of humans and how they are distinguished from other animals. Coverage starts with human anatomy and physiology and the details of the workings of all parts of the male and female body. Next, coverage of human biochemistry and how sugars, fats, and amino acids are made and digested is discussed, as is human basic medicine, covering the science of diseases and human evolution and pseudo-evolution. The book concludes with coverage of basic human nutrition, diseases, and treatments, and contains broad coverage that will give the reader an understanding of the entire human picture. Covers the physiology, anatomy, nutrition, biochemistry and cell biology of humans, showing how they are distinguished from other animals Includes medical literature and internet references, example test questions, and a list of pertinent words at the end of each chapter Provides unique perspective into all aspects of what makes up and controls humans

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Principles of Evolutionary Medicine Book
Author : Peter Gluckman,Alan Beedle,Mark Hanson,Tatjana Buklijas,Felicia Low,Director Academic Unit of Human Development and Health Director Institute of Developmental Sciences and British Heart Foundation Professor of Cardiovascular Science Mark Hanson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-03-03
ISBN : 0199663939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary science is critical to an understanding of integrated human biology and is increasingly recognised as a core discipline by medical and public health professionals. Advances in the field of genomics, epigenetics, developmental biology, and epidemiology have led to the growing realisation that incorporating evolutionary thinking is essential for medicine to achieve its full potential. This revised and updated second edition of the first comprehensive textbook of evolutionary medicine explains the principles of evolutionary biology from a medical perspective and focuses on how medicine and public health might utilise evolutionary thinking. It is written to be accessible to a broad range of readers, whether or not they have had formal exposure to evolutionary science. The general structure of the second edition remains unchanged, with the initial six chapters providing a summary of the evolutionary theory relevant to understanding human health and disease, using examples specifically relevant to medicine. The second part of the book describes the application of evolutionary principles to understanding particular aspects of human medicine: in addition to updated chapters on reproduction, metabolism, and behaviour, there is an expanded chapter on our coexistence with micro-organisms and an entirely new chapter on cancer. The two parts are bridged by a chapter that details pathways by which evolutionary processes affect disease risk and symptoms, and how hypotheses in evolutionary medicine can be tested. The final two chapters of the volume are considerably expanded; they illustrate the application of evolutionary biology to medicine and public health, and consider the ethical and societal issues of an evolutionary perspective. A number of new clinical examples and historical illustrations are included. This second edition of a novel and popular textbook provides an updated resource for doctors and other health professionals, medical students and biomedical scientists, as well as anthropologists interested in human health, to gain a better understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying human health and disease.

The SAGE Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology

The SAGE Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology Book
Author : Todd K. Shackelford
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2021-08-04
ISBN : 1529737443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary psychology is an important and rapidly expanding area in the life, social, and behavioral sciences, and this Handbook represents the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference text in the field today. Over three volumes, the Handbook provides a rich overview of the most important theoretical and empirical work in the field. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including theoretical foundations, the integration of evolutionary psychology with other life, social, and behavioral sciences, as well as with the arts and the humanities, and the increasing power of evolutionary psychology to inform applied fields, including medicine, psychiatry, law, and education. Each of the volumes has been carefully curated to have a strong thematic focus, covering: - The foundations of evolutionary psychology; - The integration of evolutionary psychology with other disciplines, and; - The applications of evolutionary psychology. The SAGE Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students in all areas of psychology, and in related disciplines across the life, social, and behavioral sciences.

The forgotten transition

The forgotten transition Book
Author : John Gilbert
Publisher : Gompel&Svacina
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 9463710035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

According to Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection man is one species among many. This provokes in a self-evident way comparison of anatomical and physiological characteristics. Less common is the idea that the same approach can be put forward with regard to cognition. On a particular moment in evolution the cognitive abilities of the branch which would eventually result in the human species must have been of the same type as these from other species evolving into different kinds of non human primates. The intriguing question then is what could have caused the development into the type of cognition characterizing man. According to the author the different approach between apes and man in producing stone tools unveils a clue indicating an important difference in perceptive cognitive organisation and this in relation to the same input. This different organisational perspective goes with particular characteristics opening a way of negotiating the world which in the end would prove to be highly promising. In this volume the potential of that particular perspective is being explored. The ideas proposed will then be confronted with relevant points of view brought forward by other authors.

An Introduction to Molecular Anthropology

An Introduction to Molecular Anthropology Book
Author : Mark Stoneking
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-17
ISBN : 1119051134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular anthropology uses molecular genetic methods to address questions and issues of anthropological interest. More specifically, molecular anthropology is concerned with genetic evidence concerning human origins, migrations, and population relationships, including related topics such as the role of recent natural selection in human population differentiation, or the impact of particular social systems on patterns of human genetic variation. Organized into three major sections, An Introduction to Molecular Anthropology first covers the basics of genetics – what genes are, what they do, and how they do it – as well as how genes behave in populations and how evolution influences them. The following section provides an overview of the different kinds of genetic variation in humans, and how this variation is analyzed and used to make evolutionary inferences. The third section concludes with a presentation of the current state of genetic evidence for human origins, the spread of humans around the world, the role of selection and adaptation in human evolution, and the impact of culture on human genetic variation. A final, concluding chapter discusses various aspects of molecular anthropology in the genomics era, including personal ancestry testing and personal genomics. An Introduction to Molecular Anthropology is an invaluable resource for students studying human evolution, biological anthropology, or molecular anthropology, as well as a reference for anthropologists and anyone else interested in the genetic history of humans.

A World Without Soil

A World Without Soil Book
Author : Jo Handelsman
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2021-11-23
ISBN : 0300263104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A scientist’s manifesto addressing a soil loss crisis accelerated by poor conservation practices and climate change This book by celebrated biologist Jo Handelsman lays bare the complex connections among climate change, soil erosion, food and water security, and drug discovery. Humans depend on soil for 95 percent of global food production, yet let it erode at unsustainable rates. In the United States, China, and India, vast tracts of farmland will be barren of topsoil within this century. The combination of intensifying erosion caused by climate change and the increasing food needs of a growing world population is creating a desperate need for solutions to this crisis. Writing for a nonspecialist audience, Jo Handelsman celebrates the capacities of soil and explores the soil-related challenges of the near future. She begins by telling soil’s origin story, explains how it erodes and the subsequent repercussions worldwide, and offers solutions. She considers lessons learned from indigenous people who have sustainably farmed the same land for thousands of years, practices developed for large-scale agriculture, and proposals using technology and policy initiatives.

Human Evolutionary Psychology

Human Evolutionary Psychology Book
Author : Louise Barrett,Robin Dunbar,John Lycett
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2002-02-17
ISBN : 0691096228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why do people resort to plastic surgery to look young? Why are stepchildren at greatest risk of fatal abuse? Why do we prefer gossip to algebra? Why must Dogon wives live alone in a dark hut for five days a month? Why are young children good at learning language but not sharing? Over the past decade, psychologists and behavioral ecologists have been finding answers to such seemingly unrelated questions by applying an evolutionary perspective to the study of human behavior and psychology. Human Evolutionary Psychology is a comprehensive, balanced, and readable introduction to this burgeoning field. It combines a sophisticated understanding of the basics of evolutionary theory with a solid grasp of empirical case studies. Covering not only such traditional subjects as kin selection and mate choice, this text also examines more complex understandings of marriage practices and inheritance rules and the way in which individual action influences the structure of societies and aspects of cultural evolution. It critically assesses the value of evolutionary explanations to humans in both modern Western society and traditional preindustrial societies. And it fairly presents debates within the field, identifying areas of compatibility among sometimes competing approaches. Combining a broad scope with the more in-depth knowledge and sophisticated understanding needed to approach the primary literature, this text is the ideal introduction to the exciting and rapidly expanding study of human evolutionary psychology.

Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution

Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution Book
Author : Julia C. Boughner,Campbell Rolian
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 1118524748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution encapsulates the current state of evolutionary developmental anthropology. This emerging scientific field applies tools and approaches from modern developmental biology to understand the role of genetic and developmental processes in driving morphological and cognitive evolution in humans, non-human primates and in the laboratory organisms used to model these changes. Featuring contributions from well-established pioneers and emerging leaders, this volume is designed to build research momentum and catalyze future innovation in this burgeoning field. The book’s broad research scope encompasses soft and hard tissues of the head and body, including the skeleton, special senses and the brain. Developmental Approaches to Human Evolution is an invaluable resource on the mechanisms of primate and vertebrate evolution for scholars across a wide array of intersecting disciplines, including primatology, paleoanthropology, vertebrate morphology, evolutionary developmental biology and health sciences.

The Back to Basics Diet 2018 Edition

The Back to Basics Diet  2018 Edition  Book
Author : David R Hack
Publisher : Troubador Publishing Ltd
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1788034392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this fully updated 2018 edition of The Back to Basics Diet, the popular guide to healthy and effective weight loss, author David Hack dismisses common advice to eat less and move more as well-meaning but misguided. Cutting through the hype and confusion of so many popular diets, David takes readers back to basics in terms of what we should be eating and reveals the astonishing truth about our modern diet. The Back to Basics Diet offers a straightforward explanation as to why a plant-based diet and gentle daily exercise holds the key to successful weight loss. This remarkable and proven weight loss system is based on modern science and the intriguing story of human evolution. After a fascinating journey back into our evolutionary past and a brief look at the workings of the human body, David reveals the secret of what and when to eat to ensure we lose weight and keep that weight off for life. The initial seven-week weight loss programme helps readers adapt to a new, healthy lifestyle and is followed by a method that helps them stay on track after the initial change. With a two-week food template, recipes, motivational tips and some good old-fashioned common sense, this empowering book is sure to become an indispensable guide to lifelong health and permanent weight loss.