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Basic Finite Element Method As Applied To Injury Biomechanics

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Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics

Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics Book
Author : King-Hay Yang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-22
ISBN : 0128098325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics provides a unique introduction to finite element methods. Unlike other books on the topic, this comprehensive reference teaches readers to develop a finite element model from the beginning, including all the appropriate theories that are needed throughout the model development process. In addition, the book focuses on how to apply material properties and loading conditions to the model, how to arrange the information in the order of head, neck, upper torso and upper extremity, lower torso and pelvis and lower extremity. The book covers scaling from one body size to the other, parametric modeling and joint positioning, and is an ideal text for teaching, further reading and for its unique application to injury biomechanics. With over 25 years of experience of developing finite element models, the author's experience with tissue level injury threshold instead of external loading conditions provides a guide to the "do’s and dont's" of using finite element method to study injury biomechanics. Covers the fundamentals and applications of the finite element method in injury biomechanics Teaches readers model development through a hands-on approach that is ideal for students and researchers Includes different modeling schemes used to model different parts of the body, including related constitutive laws and associated material properties

Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Ming Zhang,Yubo Fan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-11
ISBN : 1466588039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational biomechanics is an emerging research field that seeks to understand the complex biomechanical behaviors of normal and pathological human joints to come up with new methods of orthopedic treatment and rehabilitation. Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System collects the latest research and cutting-edge techniques used in computational biomechanics, focusing on orthopedic and rehabilitation engineering applications. The book covers state-of-the-art techniques and the latest research related to computational biomechanics, in particular finite element analysis and its potential applications in orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering. It offers a glimpse into the exciting potentials for computational modeling in medical research and biomechanical simulation. The book is organized according to anatomical location—foot and ankle, knee, hip, spine, and head and teeth. Each chapter details the scientific questions/medical problems addressed by modeling, basic anatomy of the body part, computational model development and techniques used, related experimental studies for model setup and validation, and clinical applications. Plenty of useful biomechanical information is provided for a variety of applications, especially for the optimal design of body support devices and prosthetic implants. This book is an excellent resource for engineering students and young researchers in bioengineering. Clinicians involved in orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering may find this work to be both informative and highly relevant to their clinical practice.

Biomechanics of the Brain

Biomechanics of the Brain Book
Author : Karol Miller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 3030049965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition presents an authoritative account of the current state of brain biomechanics research for engineers, scientists and medical professionals. Since the first edition in 2011, this topic has unquestionably entered into the mainstream of biomechanical research. The book brings together leading scientists in the diverse fields of anatomy, neuroimaging, image-guided neurosurgery, brain injury, solid and fluid mechanics, mathematical modelling and computer simulation to paint an inclusive picture of the rapidly evolving field. Covering topics from brain anatomy and imaging to sophisticated methods of modeling brain injury and neurosurgery (including the most recent applications of biomechanics to treat epilepsy), to the cutting edge methods in analyzing cerebrospinal fluid and blood flow, this book is the comprehensive reference in the field. Experienced researchers as well as students will find this book useful.

Advances in Bioengineering 2006

Advances in Bioengineering  2006 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Bioengineering 2006 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics From Fundamental Insights to Applications

IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics  From Fundamental Insights to Applications Book
Author : M. D. Gilchrist
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402037961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the edited papers of the IUTAM Symposium on the Biomechanics of Impact, which was held in University College Dublin, Ireland in July 2005. These papers can be grouped into those that are concerned with the different causes of accidents (e.g., transport, occupational and sports injuries), the mechanics involved in accident analysis (e.g., accident investigation, computational modelling techniques), the different types of resulting traumatic injuries (including musculoskeletal, organ, spinal and head injuries), methods of assessing the extent of injury (e.g., injury assessment, injury criteria, constitutive laws for human tissue), and providing protection during an impact (e.g., injury prevention, energy absorption materials, and safety devices). Researchers active in the area of biomechanics will find the book very useful in addressing recent developments in these areas.

Impact Dynamics of Mechanical Systems and Structures and Applications in Crash Energy Management Impulse Mitigation and Impact Injury Biomechanics

Impact Dynamics of Mechanical Systems and Structures  and Applications in Crash Energy Management  Impulse Mitigation  and Impact Injury Biomechanics Book
Author : Rasoul Moradi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the different load conditions on a mechanical system, impact loading and its contribution to the design process require special consideration. The static methods of stress, strain, and deflection analyses are not applicable under impact conditions. The main goal of this study is to address the fundamental aspects of impact and to examine its applications for different design requirements. First, different approaches to the impact phenomena, namely stereomechanics, contact mechanics, stress wave propagation, finite element method, and energy method are investigated in this dissertation. The advantages and disadvantages of each method are pointed out, and the areas of application of each method and the degree of accuracy are examined. Quantification of energy absorption during impact is the most complicated part of impact modeling and is one of the topics of interest addressed in this dissertation. Application of the impact analysis methodologies in vehicular accidents and protection of occupants are the eventual goals of this research, demonstrated using some case studies and applicable examples. Because occupant safety is a major concern in the automobile and aerospace industries, a crashworthy design must be able to dissipate the kinetic energy of impact in a controlled manner. Four test cases or applications related to impact energy management or dissipation, impulse mitigation, and impact injury biodynamics are thus presented. The application examples include the design of a truck side guard and quantification of its effects on reducing occupant injury in the collison of a small car with a truck; lumbar load attenuation for seated occupants of a rotorcraft; injuries to pedestrians impacted by a sport or utility vehicle equipped with a frontal guard; and investigation of a motorcyclist impact with roadside barriers. For each case, an analysis methodolgy is developed, and from the modeling and simulations, impact design issues are addressed.

Journal of Applied Mechanics

Journal of Applied Mechanics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Biological Systems and Materials

Biological Systems and Materials Book
Author : Chang Hui Liu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-05-28
ISBN : 3038264857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 International Conference on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials (MBSM 2014), April 1-2, 2014, Seoul, South Korea. The 48 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Dynamics and Mechanics in Biological Systems, Chapter 2: Materials Science and Materials Processing Technology, Chapter 3: Applied Mechanics, Chapter 4: Bio-medical Application Research, Chapter 5: Design, Modeling and Simulation, Chapter 6: Computing and Information Technology, Chapter 7: Management and Environmental Application

Models for Aircrew Safety Assessment

Models for Aircrew Safety Assessment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings include the Technical Evaluation Report, a tribute to Dr. Henning E. von Gierke, Director Emeritus, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB), OH, three Keynote Addresses and 32 invited papers of a Specialists' Meeting sponsored by the NATO/RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel. It was held at WPAFB from 26-28 October 1998. Significant advances have been made in modelling human physical and physiological responses to extreme environments. Technological advances in computer speed and power have made modelling a feasible research and design tool. Computer simulations are being used extensively for predicting human physical and physiological responses, for reducing testing requirements, for rapidly designing improved protective systems, and for performing human safety-systems analyses. A variety of models were reviewed at this Specialists' Meeting including lumped-parameter, rigid-body, finite-element, statistical, physiologic, and empirical models. Topics covered included modelling human-body responses to environmental stressors, and the systems with which the body interacts to: impact, emergency escape, sustained acceleration, vibration, mechanical shock, motion sickness, high altitude, blast, extreme thermal conditions, directed energy and live firing. These proceedings will be of interest to military and civilian scientists and engineers interested in exploiting data bases, tolerance criteria, and new models and methods in the research of physiological systems and in simulating the design, test set up and evaluation of safety systems.

Stapp Car Crash Journal

Stapp Car Crash Journal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Stapp Car Crash Journal book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

The Finite Element Method in Engineering Book
Author : S. S. Rao
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of The Finite Element Method in Engineering reflects the new and current developments in this area, whilst maintaining the format of the first edition. It provides an introduction and exploration into the various aspects of the finite element method (FEM) as applied to the solution of problems in engineering. The first chapter provides a general overview of FEM, giving the historical background, a description of FEM and a comparison of FEM with other problem solving methods. The following chapters provide details on the procedure for deriving and solving FEM equations and the application of FEM to various areas of engineering, including solid and structural mechanics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics. By commencing each chapter with an introduction and finishing with a set of problems, the author provides an invaluable aid to explaining and understanding FEM, for both the student and the practising engineer.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissertation Abstracts International book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biomechanical Response of the Human Body Inside a Military Vehicle Exposed to Mine Explosion

Biomechanical Response of the Human Body Inside a Military Vehicle Exposed to Mine Explosion Book
Author : KyuSang Lee,Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998-12-01
ISBN : 9781423554868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanical response of the human body inside a military vehicle exposed to AP mine explosion was studied using the finite element method. The main focus was placed on evaluation of the injury potential of the human body, particularly the brain, neck (cervical spine), and legs. Injury criteria used to evaluate the injury potential were HIC, IARV's, and some others. The military vehicle used in this research was M 1097A2, the basic model of HUMVEE. In addition to the evaluation of the injury potential, some design modifications to the present vehicle were considered in order to reduce the injury potential to the crew of the vehicle.

The Use of Three dimensional Finite Element Modeling in Investigating Injury Mechanism in the Cervical Spine

The Use of Three dimensional Finite Element Modeling in Investigating Injury Mechanism in the Cervical Spine Book
Author : Kevin J. Bozic
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Use of Three dimensional Finite Element Modeling in Investigating Injury Mechanism in the Cervical Spine book written by Kevin J. Bozic, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanics of Protection

Mechanics of Protection Book
Author : Society of Automotive Engineers
Publisher : SAE International
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mechanics of Protection book written by Society of Automotive Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Military Injury Biomechanics

Military Injury Biomechanics Book
Author : Melanie Franklyn,Peter Vee Sin Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 1498742831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Military Injury Biomechanics: The Cause and Prevention of Impact Injuries is a reference manual where information and data from a large number of sources, focussing on injuries related to military events, has been critically reviewed and discussed. The book covers the cause and prevention of impact injuries to all the major body regions, while topics such as the historical background of military impact biomechanics, the history and use of anthropomorphic test devices for military applications and the medical management of injuries are also discussed. An international team of experts have been brought together to examine and review the topics. The book is intended for researchers, postgraduate students and others working or studying defence and impact injuries.

Finite Element Methods Used in the Analysis of Running Shoe Soles

Finite Element Methods Used in the Analysis of Running Shoe Soles Book
Author : Maureen Ann Clements
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Finite Element Methods Used in the Analysis of Running Shoe Soles book written by Maureen Ann Clements, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Abstracts of the First World Congress of Biomechanics

Abstracts of the First World Congress of Biomechanics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstracts of the First World Congress of Biomechanics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Study and Analysis of Stress Distribution of Various Postures of Athletes to Minimize the Risk of Injury

The Study and Analysis of Stress Distribution of Various Postures of Athletes to Minimize the Risk of Injury Book
Author : Abdulsamad Mohammad
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781339069647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been a wide spread research in the field of sports biomechanics, providing useful information about the risk of injuries in various sports. This information is beneficial in educating athletes and professional trainers about the possible risk of injuries and providing them guidelines to prevent injuries. Most of the studies in literature have focused on individual parts of the body, like knee joints, limbs, skull bones. However, little attempts have been made to develop a biomechanical model of complete human body to obtain stress distribution in simple postures of standing and sitting. This model can be improvised and used to simulate various postures of athletes that are susceptible to the risk of injuries. The objective of this study is to simulate various postures of different athletes, investigate the stress distribution patterns of each posture considering body acceleration and optimize this postures for minimal risk of injury. An idealized model of human skeleton is modelled in solid works and used for the purpose of analysis. A finite element method -- Ansys workbench is used for stress analysis.

Crashworthiness

Crashworthiness Book
Author : Jorge A.C. Ambrosio
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-04
ISBN : 3709125723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the fundamentals of impact mechanics and biomechanics to modern analysis and design techniques in impact energy management and occupant protection this book provides an overview of the application of nonlinear finite elements, conceptual modeling and multibody procedures, impact biomechanics, injury mechanisms, occupant mathematical modeling, and human surrogates in crashworthiness.