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Basic And Applied Bone Biology

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Basic and Applied Bone Biology

Basic and Applied Bone Biology Book
Author : David B. Burr,Matthew R. Allen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-02-20
ISBN : 0128132604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic and Applied Bone Biology, Second Edition, provides an overview of skeletal biology, from the molecular level, to the organ level, including cellular control, interaction and response, adaptive responses to various external stimuli, and the interaction of the skeletal system with other metabolic processes in the body. The book includes chapters that address how the skeleton can be evaluated through the use of various imaging technologies, biomechanical testing, histomorphometric analysis, and the use of genetically-modified animal models. Each chapter delves deep into the important details of topics covered to provide a solid understanding of the basics of bone biology. Bone biology researchers who also train undergraduate and graduate students in the lab will use this book constantly to orient new students on the basics of the field and as a background reference for many of the technical aspects of qualification in bone biology (e.g., mechanics, histomorphometry, genetic modification, biochemistry, etc.). Presents an in-depth overview of skeletal biology, from molecular to organ level Offers refresher level content for clinicians or researchers outside their areas of expertise Includes updated and complete references Incorporates expanded study questions at the end of each chapter for further exploration Covers topics relevant to a modern course in skeletal biology

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology Book
Author : Elizabeth A. DiGangi,Megan K. Moore
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123851890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of research being conducted within each sub-specialty of skeletal biology, and gives the reader the tools to set up a research project in skeletal biology. It also suggests several ideas for potential projects. Each chapter has an inclusive bibliography, which can serve as a good jumpstart for project references. Provides a step-by-step guide to conducting research in human skeletal biology Covers diverse topics (sexing, aging, stature and ancestry estimation) and new technologies (histology, medical imaging, and geometric morphometrics) Excellent accompaniment to existing forensic anthropology or osteology works

Bone Tissue Engineering

Bone Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Fernando P. S. Guastaldi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-08
ISBN : 3030920143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bone Tissue Engineering book written by Fernando P. S. Guastaldi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Horizons in Osteoporosis Management

New Horizons in Osteoporosis Management Book
Author : Yasser El Miedany
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 303087950X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a review of the most recent data on osteoporosis and bone health, presenting a vision of diagnosis and management for the year 2021 and beyond. It covers all pertinent aspects of bone health including diagnosis, fracture prevention, optimized practice, impaired orthostasis, and falls. The book examines recent developments in therapeutics, including goal-directed therapy, individualizing therapy, sequential and combined therapies, pharmaceuticals, and anabolic vs. antiresorptive therapy. In addition, it provides an in-depth overview of osteoporosis and bone health in complex patients, covering Duchene dystrophy, renal failure, periodontal diseases, and steroid-induced osteoporosis as well as considerations for pediatric populations and men. New Horizons in Osteoporosis Management is an essential resource for physicians and related professionals, residents, fellows, graduate students and nurses in rheumatology, endocrinology, radiology, pediatrics, primary care, and internal medicine. .

Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy

Manual of Vibration Exercise and Vibration Therapy Book
Author : Jörn Rittweger
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-23
ISBN : 3030439852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the practical aspects of vibration exercise and vibration therapy. In addition, it describes the technical and physiological background, providing applied scientists and doctors with a deeper understanding of the therapeutic potential that vibration exercise holds. Having first emerged two decades ago, vibration exercise has since established itself as a widespread form of physical exercise, used in all rehabilitation areas. The goal of this book is to close the gap between scientific knowledge and practice. Given that occupational exposure to vibration leads to well-known unfavorable effects, the book is also dedicated to potential risks, hazards and contra-indications and of course, the application of vibration therapy in a number of specific conditions is presented in a clinically usable fashion. Given its breadth of coverage, this book will be of interest to physiotherapists and exercise scientists, but also to a wider range of physicians working in the field of rehabilitation.

Vertebrate Skeletal Histology and Paleohistology

Vertebrate Skeletal Histology and Paleohistology Book
Author : Vivian de Buffrénil,Armand J. de Ricqlès,Louise Zylberberg,Kevin Padian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 1351189573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vertebrate Skeletal Histology and Paleohistology summarizes decades of research into the biology and biological meaning of hard tissues, in both living and extinct vertebrates. In addition to outlining anatomical diversity, it provides fundamental phylogenetic and evolutionary contexts for interpretation. An international team of leading authorities review the impact of ontogeny, mechanics, and environment in relation to bone and dental tissues. Synthesizing current advances in the biological problems of growth, metabolism, evolution, ecology, and behavior, this comprehensive and authoritative volume is built upon a foundation of concepts and technology generated over the past fifty years.

Pediatric Bone

Pediatric Bone Book
Author : Francis H. Glorieux,John M. Pettifor,Harald Jüppner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123820405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pediatric Bone is the first book to be published to deal exclusively with the biology and diseases of bone as they affect children. Rapid advances have been made in our understanding of the mechanisms and factors controlling the growth and development of bone, and these are discussed in detail in this book. Further, the various diseases of bone which are peculiar to children are highlighted and discussed in the light of our current knowledge with regard to the causation, clinical signs and treatment. The book is aimed to provide those clinicians interested in children's diseases and basic scientists with a comprehensive resource covering the various aspects of bone health and disease in children Key Features * Deals exclusively with bone development and diseases of children and each chapter written by an * Fully referenced providing an appendix of usually difficult to find information on the investigation of pediatric bone disease and reference values * Covers both the physiology of bone and mineral homeostasis in children and diseases in one book * Includes a CD-ROM of images

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Heather M. Garvin,Natalie R. Langley
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-04
ISBN : 042979259X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through a set of unique case studies written by an international group of practicing forensic anthropologists, Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology: Bonified Skeletons prepares students and professionals for the diverse range of cases and challenges they will encounter in the field. Every forensic anthropology case is unique. Practitioners routinely face new challenges and unexpected outcomes. Courses and introductory texts generally address standard or ideal cases. In practice, however, forensic anthropologists must improvise frequently during forensic archaeological recoveries and laboratory analyses based on case circumstances. Most forensic anthropologists have encountered unconventional cases with surprising results. While these cases act as continuing education for practitioners—better preparing them for future encounters— such learning opportunities may be limited by the extent of personal experiences. This text exposes practitioners and students to a diverse array of case examples they may not otherwise encounter, sharing experiential knowledge and contributing to the advancement the field. Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology aims to both prepare aspiring forensic anthropologists and inform current practitioners. The cases are interesting and unique, detailing how specific challenges contribute to the body of forensic anthropological knowledge and practice. Key Features Full-color photographs illustrate the scenes and skeletal features "Lessons Learned" sections for each case study emphasize take-away points Thought-provoking "Discussion Questions" encourage readers to think critically and facilitate group discussions Actual case experiences by diverse array of forensic anthropologists who discuss innovative methods and unique challenges

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Jane E. Buikstra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-29
ISBN : 0128099011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Third Edition, provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of the pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. As ancient skeletal remains can reveal a treasure trove of information to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist, this book presents a timely resource. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, it provides an essential text and material on bone pathology, thus helping improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. Presents a comprehensive review of the skeletal diseases encountered in archaeological human remains Includes more than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases, including both microscopic and gross features Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries Reviews important theoretical issues on how to interpret evidence of skeletal disease in archaeological human populations

Bone Remodeling Process

Bone Remodeling Process Book
Author : Rabeb Ben Kahla,Abdelwahed Barkaoui
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-14
ISBN : 0323902057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone Remodeling Process: Mechanics, Biology, and Numerical Modeling provides a literature review. The first part of the book discusses bones in a normal physiological condition, bringing together the involved actors and factors reported over the past two decades, and the second discusses pathological conditions, highlighting the attack vectors of each bone disease. The third part is devoted to the mathematical descriptions of bone remodeling, formulated to develop models able to provide information that is not amenable to direct measurement, while the last part focuses on models using the finite element method in investigating bone biomechanics. This book creates an overall image of the complex communication network established between the diverse remodeling actors, based on overwhelming control evidence revealed over recent years, as well as visualizes the remodeling defects and possible treatments in each case. It also regroups the models allowing readers to analyze and assess bone mechanical and biological properties. This book details the cellular mechanisms allowing the bone to adapt its microarchitecture to the requirements of the human body, which is the main issue in bone biology and presents the evolution of mathematical modeling used in a bone computer simulation. Each chapter covers a core topic in bone biomechanics Provides a multidisciplinary view that effectively links orthopaedics, cellular biology, mechanics, and computer simulation Draws an overall image about bone biology and cell interactions, for identifying cell populations that are crucial for the remodeling process

Bone Tissue Engineering

Bone Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Jeffrey O. Hollinger,Thomas A. Einhorn,Bruce Doll,Charles Sfeir
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-10-14
ISBN : 1135501912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on bone biology, Bone Tissue Engineering integrates basic sciences with tissue engineering. It includes contributions from world-renowned researchers and clinicians who discuss key topics such as different models and approaches to bone tissue engineering, as well as exciting clinical applications for patients. Divided into four sections, t

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease Book
Author : Megan Brickley,Rachel Ives
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080557915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease provides a comprehensive and invaluable source of information on this important group of diseases. It is an essential guide for those engaged in either basic recording or in-depth research on human remains from archaeological sites. The range of potential tools for investigating metabolic diseases of bone are far greater than for many other conditions, and building on clinical investigations, this book will consider gross, surface features visible using microscopic examination, histological and radiological features of bone, that can be used to help investigate metabolic bone diseases. Clear photographs and line drawings illustrate gross, histological and radiological features associated with each of the conditions Covers a range of issues pertinent to the study of metabolic bone disease in archaeological skeletal material, including the problems that frequent co-existence of these conditions in individuals living in the past raises, the preservation of human bone and the impact this has on the ability to suggest a diagnosis of a condition Includes a range of conditions that can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis, including previous investigations of these conditions in archaeological bone

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book
Author : Matt Kaeberlein,George Martin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-20
ISBN : 0124116205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Eighth Edition, provides readers with an update on the rapid progress in the research of aging. It is a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest and most important advances and themes in modern biogerontology, and focuses on the trend of ‘big data’ approaches in the biological sciences, presenting new strategies to analyze, interpret, and understand the enormous amounts of information being generated through DNA sequencing, transcriptomic, proteomic, and the metabolomics methodologies applied to aging related problems. The book includes discussions on longevity pathways and interventions that modulate aging, innovative new tools that facilitate systems-level approaches to aging research, the mTOR pathway and its importance in age-related phenotypes, new strategies to pharmacologically modulate the mTOR pathway to delay aging, the importance of sirtuins and the hypoxic response in aging, and how various pathways interact within the context of aging as a complex genetic trait, amongst others. Covers the key areas in biological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update from the previous edition Edited by Matt Kaeberlein and George Martin, highly respected voices and researchers within the biology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings outside their subdiscipline Presents information that will help medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists in understanding what basic scientists and clinicians are discovering New chapters on genetics, evolutionary biology, bone aging, and epigenetic control Provides a close examination of the diverse research being conducted today in the study of the biology of aging, detailing recent breakthroughs and potential new directions

The Human Bone Manual

The Human Bone Manual Book
Author : Tim D. White,Pieter A. Folkens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-08
ISBN : 9780080488998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the success of their previous book, White and Folkens' The Human Bone Manual is intended for use outside the laboratory and classroom, by professional forensic scientists, anthropologists and researchers. The compact volume includes all the key information needed for identification purposes, including hundreds of photographs designed to show a maximum amount of anatomical information. Features more than 500 color photographs and illustrations in a portable format; most in 1:1 ratio Provides multiple views of every bone in the human body Includes tips on identifying any human bone or tooth Incorporates up-to-date references for further study

Current Topics in Bone Biology

Current Topics in Bone Biology Book
Author : Hong-wen Deng,Yao-zhong Liu,Chun-Yuan Guo
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9812562095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a wide spectrum of areas related to basic bone research. While bone remodeling, bone development, and osteoclast biology constitute the main contents, topics important to the understanding of bone metabolism and treatment of bone-related diseases are also intensively reviewed. Three chapters are dedicated to the classic topic of bone mechanics, which include a brief overview of the mechanostat hypothesis, a more detailed review on mechanotransduction and bone adaptation, and a chapter illustrating the basic principles of bone mechanical testing. New emerging fields such as skeletal stem cells, bone tissue engineering, phytoestrogens applications, and bone genetics study using mouse models, are also covered in detail. The book closes with a special chapter dedicated to state-of-the-art advances in bone biology research.

Skeletal Tissue Mechanics

Skeletal Tissue Mechanics Book
Author : R. Bruce Martin,David B. Burr,Neil A. Sharkey,David P. Fyhrie
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-29
ISBN : 1493930028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook describes the biomechanics of bone, cartilage, tendons and ligaments. It is rigorous in its approach to the mechanical properties of the skeleton yet it does not neglect the biological properties of skeletal tissue or require mathematics beyond calculus. Time is taken to introduce basic mechanical and biological concepts, and the approaches used for some of the engineering analyses are purposefully limited. The book is an effective bridge between engineering, veterinary, biological and medical disciplines and will be welcomed by students and researchers in biomechanics, orthopedics, physical anthropology, zoology and veterinary science. This book also: Maximizes reader insights into the mechanical properties of bone, fatigue and fracture resistance of bone and mechanical adaptability of the skeleton Illustrates synovial joint mechanics and mechanical properties of ligaments and tendons in an easy-to-understand way Provides exercises at the end of each chapter

Bone Pathology

Bone Pathology Book
Author : Jasvir S. Khurana
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-02
ISBN : 1597453471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone Pathology is the second edition of the book, A Compendium of Skeletal Pathology that published 10 years ago. Similar to the prior edition, this book complements standard pathology texts and blends new but relatively established information on the molecular biology of the bone. Serving as a bench-side companion to the surgical pathologist, this new edition reflects new advances in our understanding of the molecular biology of bone. New chapters on soft-tissue sarcomas and soft-tissue tumors have been added as well as several additional chapters such as Soft-tissue pathology and Biomechanics. The volume is written by experts who are established in the field of musculoskeletal diseases. Bone Pathology is a combined effort from authors of different specialties including surgeons, pathologists, radiologists and basic scientists all of whom have in common an interest in bone diseases. It will be of great value to surgical pathology residents as well as practicing pathologists, skeletal radiologists, orthopedic surgeons and medical students.

Bone Repair Biomaterials

Bone Repair Biomaterials Book
Author : J A Planell,S M Best,D Lacroix,A Merolli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-26
ISBN : 1845696611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone repair is a fundamental part of the rapidly expanding medical care sector and has benefited from many recent technological developments. With an increasing number of technologies available, it is vital that the correct technique is selected for specific clinical procedures. This unique book will provide a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration. Chapters in the second part discuss the science and properties of biomaterials used for bone repair such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. The final section of the book discusses clinical applications and considerations with chapters on such topics as orthopaedic surgery, tissue engineering, implant retrieval and ethics of bone repair biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Bone repair biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area Reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration addressing social, economic and clinical challenges Examines the properties of biomaterials used for bone repair with specific chapters assessing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites

Bone Toxicology

Bone Toxicology Book
Author : Susan Y. Smith,Aurore Varela,Rana Samadfam
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-27
ISBN : 3319561928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The content of this book is intended to provide the toxicologist in drug development in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries with a broad understanding of bone and its interactions with other organ systems in safety assessments. The book is divided into three parts. The first part describes our current understanding of bone biology and its primary regulatory pathways. Additional chapters address regulatory and study design considerations for incorporating bone end points in toxicology studies, with special consideration being given to juvenile toxicology studies. This is intended to address recent regulatory requirements to evaluate skeletal development for drugs in development for pediatric populations. The second part of the book describes the principal techniques and methods used in bone research; understanding how these end-points are derived is fundamental to their appropriate application. These first two parts of the book provide the background and the means to develop the concepts in part three which describes bone and its interaction with other organ systems. The unique series of chapters in part three, contributed to by key leaders in their respective fields and in bone research, provides a comprehensive collective work. Although constantly evolving, the crosstalk and interaction of the skeleton with several organ systems is now recognized and well documented, such as for the reproductive system, muscle and kidney, while our understanding of the interaction with other organ systems, such as the immune system and CNS, is in its infancy. Recent work highlights the key role of the skeleton in the regulation of energy metabolism and the impact this has on research in metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. The hope is that this book will enlighten many and encourage more to explore the impact of new compounds on the skeleton in the development of effective and safe drugs.

Bone Tissue Engineering

Bone Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Fernando P.S. Guastaldi,Bhushan Mahadik
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-03-21
ISBN : 9783030920135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research as well as current challenges and strategies to reconstruct large bone defects employing 3D printing technology. Various topics covered include different 3D printing technologies that can be applied for bioengineering bone, the aspects of basic bone biology critical for clinical translation, tissue engineering platforms to investigate the bone niche microenvironment, the pathway to clinical translation, and regulatory hurdles. Bone Tissue Engineering: State-of-the-Art in 3D Printing is an ideal book for students and researchers interested in learning more about the latest advances in employing different 3D printing technologies for bone tissue engineering.