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Bark Beetle Management Ecology And Climate Change

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Managing Forest Ecosystems The Challenge of Climate Change

Managing Forest Ecosystems  The Challenge of Climate Change Book
Author : Felipe Bravo,Valerie LeMay,Robert Jandl,Klaus Gadow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-20
ISBN : 1402083432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate changes, particularly warming trends, have been recorded around the globe. For many countries, these changes in climate have become evident through insect epidemics (e.g., Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in Western Canada, bark beetle in secondary spruce forests in Central Europe), water shortages and intense forest fires in the Mediterranean countries (e.g., 2005 droughts in Spain), and unusual storm activities (e.g., the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami). Climate changes are expected to impact vegetation as manifested by changes in vegetation extent, migration of species, tree species composition, growth rates, and mortality. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has included discussions on how forests may be impacted, and how they may be used to mitigate the impacts of changes in climate, to possibly slow the rate of change. This book provides current scientific information on the biological and economical impacts of climate changes in forest environments, as well as information on how forest management activities might mitigate these impacts, particularly through carbon sequestration. Case studies from a wide geographic range are presented. This information is beneficial to managers and researchers interested in climate change and impacts upon forest environments and economic activities. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art research results, visions and theories, as well as specific methods for sustainable forest management in changing climatic conditions.

Bark Beetles

Bark Beetles Book
Author : Fernando E. Vega,Richard W. Hofstetter
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-29
ISBN : 0124171737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bark Beetles: Biology and Ecology of Native and Invasive Species provides a thorough discussion of these economically important pests of coniferous and broadleaf trees and their importance in agriculture. It is the first book in the market solely dedicated to this important group of insects, and contains 15 chapters on natural history and ecology, morphology, taxonomy and phylogenetics, evolution and diversity, population dynamics, resistance, symbiotic associations, natural enemies, climate change, management strategies, economics, and politics, with some chapters exclusively devoted to some of the most economically important bark beetle genera, including Dendroctonus, Ips, Tomicus, Hypothenemus, and Scolytus. This text is ideal for entomology and forestry courses, and is aimed at scientists, faculty members, forest managers, practitioners of biological control of insect pests, mycologists interested in bark beetle-fungal associations, and students in the disciplines of entomology, ecology, and forestry. Provides the only synthesis of the literature on bark beetles Features chapters exclusively devoted to some of the most economically important bark beetle genera, such as Dendroctonus, Ips, Tomicus, Hypothenemus, and Scolytus Includes copious color illustrations and photographs that further enhance the content

Climate Change and Insect Pests

Climate Change and Insect Pests Book
Author : Christer Bjorkman,Pekka Niemela
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 1780643780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Insects, being poikilothermic, are among the organisms that are most likely to respond to changes in climate, particularly increased temperatures. Range expansions into new areas, further north and to higher elevations, are already well documented, as are physiological and phenological responses. It is anticipated that the damage by insects will increase as a consequence of climate change, i.e. increasing temperatures primarily. However, the evidence in support of this common “belief” is sparse. Climate Change and Insect Pests sums up present knowledge regarding both agricultural and forest insect pests and climate change in order to identify future research directions.

Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks

Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks Book
Author : Gillian Cerbu,Marc Hanewinkel,Giacomo Gerosa,Robert Jandl
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-08-28
ISBN : 9535111949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate scenarios suggest that current forest stands will face radically different temperature and precipitation conditions in the future. Developing future strategies for forest management in the face of uncertain and highly variable forecasts of future site conditions is a great challenge. Here we have analyzed transnational case studies dealing with different manifestations of climate change effects. We intend to stimulate the discussion on management strategies to adapt forests in the Alps to climate change risks. The presented results are derived from the INTERREG project "Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks" that was implemented within the framework of the European Territorial Cooperation "Alpine Space Programme" 2007-2013.

The Western Bark Beetle Research Group

The Western Bark Beetle Research Group Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The compilation of papers in this proceedings is based on a symposium sponsored by the Insect and Diseases Working Group (D5) at the 2007 Society of American Foresters (SAF) convention in Portland, Oregon. The selection of topics parallels the research priorities of the Western Bark Beetle Research Group (WBBRG) (USDA Forest Service, Research and Development), which had been recently formed at the time of the symposium. Reflecting a unique partnership within the Forest Service, each paper was jointly prepared by a research scientist with the WBBRG and one or more entomologists with Forest Health Protection (USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry). Among these papers is a description of the currently elevated impacts of bark beetles in the Western United States; descriptions of the current state of knowledge of bark beetle response to vegetation management and also to climate change; discussions of the complex interactions of bark beetles and fire and of the complex ecological and socioeconomic impacts of infestations; an overview of the use of semiochemical (behavioral chemicals)-based technology for conifer protection; and a case study exemplifying efforts to assess risks posed by nonnative invasive bark beetles." --

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management Book
Author : John A. Wiens,Gregory D. Hayward,Hugh D, Safford,Catherine Giffen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-07-09
ISBN : 1118329759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In North America, concepts of Historical Range of Variability are being employed in land-management planning for properties of private organizations and multiple government agencies. The National Park Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, and The Nature Conservancy all include elements of historical ecology in their planning processes. Similar approaches are part of land management and conservation in Europe and Australia. Each of these user groups must struggle with the added complication of rapid climate change, rapid land-use change, and technical issues in order to employ historical ecology effectively. Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management explores the utility of historical ecology in a management and conservation context and the development of concepts related to understanding future ranges of variability. It provides guidance and insights to all those entrusted with managing and conserving natural resources: land-use planners, ecologists, fire scientists, natural resource policy makers, conservation biologists, refuge and preserve managers, and field practitioners. The book will be particularly timely as science-based management is once again emphasized in United States federal land management and as an understanding of the potential effects of climate change becomes more widespread among resource managers. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/wiens/historicalenvironmentalvariation.

Early Warming

Early Warming Book
Author : Nancy Lord
Publisher : Counterpoint
Release : 2011-01-10
ISBN : 1582438684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Shishmaref, Alaska, new seawalls are constructed while residents navigate the many practical and bureaucratic obstacles to moving their entire island village to higher ground. Farther south, inland hunters and fishermen set out to grow more of their own food—and to support the reintroduction of wood bison, an ancient species well suited to expected habitat changes. First Nations people in Canada team with conservationists to protect land for both local use and environmental resilience. In Early Warming, Nancy Lord takes a cutting-edge look at how communities in the North—where global warming is amplified and climate-change effects are most immediate—are responding with desperation and creativity. This beautifully written and measured narrative takes us deep into regions where the indigenous people who face life-threatening change also demonstrate impressive conservation ethics and adaptive capacities. Underpinned by a long acquaintance with the North and backed with scientific and political sophistication, Lord’s vivid account brings the challenges ahead for us all into ice-water clarity.

Empire of the Beetle

Empire of the Beetle Book
Author : Andrew Nikiforuk
Publisher : Greystone Books Ltd
Release : 2011-07-22
ISBN : 1553658949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning in the late 1980s, a series of improbable bark beetle outbreaks unsettled iconic forests and communities across western North America. An insect the size of a rice kernel eventually killed more than 30 billion pine and spruce trees from Alaska to New Mexico. Often appearing in masses larger than schools of killer whales, the beetles engineered one of the world's greatest forest die-offs since the deforestation of Europe by peasants between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries. The beetle didn't act alone. Misguided science, out-of-control logging, bad public policy, and a hundred years of fire suppression created a volatile geography that released the world's oldest forest manager from all natural constraints. Like most human empires, the beetles exploded wildly and then crashed, leaving in their wake grieving landowners, humbled scientists, hungry animals, and altered watersheds. Although climate change triggered this complex event, human arrogance assuredly set the table. With little warning, an ancient insect pointedly exposed the frailty of seemingly stable manmade landscapes. Drawing on first-hand accounts from entomologists, botanists, foresters, and rural residents, award-winning journalist Andrew Nikiforuk, investigates this unprecedented beetle plague, its startling implications, and the lessons it holds.

Ecology Management and Restoration of Pi on juniper and Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems

Ecology  Management  and Restoration of Pi  on juniper and Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems Book
Author : Gerald J. Gottfried
Publisher :
Release : 2008
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Southwestern piñon-juniper and juniper woodlands cover large areas of Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and adjacent Colorado. Ponderosa pine forests are the most common timberland in the Southwest. All three ecosystems provide a variety of natural resources and economic benefits to the region. There are different perceptions of desired conditions. Public and private land managers have adapted research results and their observations and experiences to manage these ecosystems for multiresource benefits. Ways to mitigate the threat of wildfires is a major management issue for these ecosystems, and the wide-spread piñon mortality related to drought and the bark beetle infestation has heightened concerns among managers and the general public. In addition, the impacts of climate change on these ecosystems are a growing concern. As a step in bringing research and management together to answer some of these questions, workshops concerned with the ecology, management, and restoration of piñon-juniper and ponderosa pine ecosystems were held in St. George, Utah in 2005 and in Albuquerque, New Mexico in 2006. The combined proceedings from these two workshops contain papers, extended abstracts, and abstracts based on oral and poster presentations. Some topics included forest and woodland restoration treatments and their impacts on fuels, wildlife, and other ecosystem components, watershed management, insect infestations and drought, wood utilization, landscape changes, basic ecology, and more.

Climate Change and United States Forests

Climate Change and United States Forests Book
Author : Peterson David L.,James M. Vose,Toral Patel-Weynand
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-19
ISBN : 9400775156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers a scientific assessment of the effects of climatic variability and change on forest resources in the United States. Derived from a report that provides technical input to the 2013 U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment, the book serves as a framework for managing U.S. forest resources in the context of climate change. The authors focus on topics having the greatest potential to alter the structure and function of forest ecosystems, and therefore ecosystem services, by the end of the 21st century. Part I provides an environmental context for assessing the effects of climate change on forest resources, summarizing changes in environmental stressors, followed by state-of-science projections for future climatic conditions relevant to forest ecosystems. Part II offers a wide-ranging assessment of vulnerability of forest ecosystems and ecosystem services to climate change. The authors anticipate that altered disturbance regimes and stressors will have the biggest effects on forest ecosystems, causing long-term changes in forest conditions. Part III outlines responses to climate change, summarizing current status and trends in forest carbon, effects of carbon management, and carbon mitigation strategies. Adaptation strategies and a proposed framework for risk assessment, including case studies, provide a structured approach for projecting and responding to future changes in resource conditions and ecosystem services. Part IV describes how sustainable forest management, which guides activities on most public and private lands in the United States, can provide an overarching structure for mitigating and adapting to climate change.

Modeling the Effects of a Mountain Pine Beetle Outbreak and Potential Management Responses in Alberta s Eastern Slopes

Modeling the Effects of a Mountain Pine Beetle Outbreak and Potential Management Responses in Alberta s Eastern Slopes Book
Author : Richard Roland Schneider
Publisher :
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We used a simulation model and two management scenarios to investigate possible effects of a severe mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) epidemic in Alberta, Canada. Our simulated outbreak was based on the current epidemic in British Columbia, which may kill close to 80% of the province's pine volume. Our two management scenarios were conventional harvest and a pine-reduction strategy modeled on a component of Alberta's Mountain Pine Beetle Management Strategy. The pine strategy seeks to reduce the number of susceptible pine stands by 75% over the next 20 years through targeted harvesting by the forest industry. Our simulations showed that the pine strategy could not be effectively implemented, even if the beetle outbreak was delayed for 20 years. Even though we increased mill capacity by 20% and directed all harvesting to high volume pine stands during the pine strategy's surge cut, the amount of highly susceptible pine was reduced by only 43%. Additional pine volume remained within mixed stands that were not targeted by the pine strategy. When the outbreak occurred in each scenario, sufficient pine remained on the landscape for the beetle to cause the timber supply to collapse. Alternative management approaches and avenues for future research are discussed.

Insect Outbreaks Revisited

Insect Outbreaks Revisited Book
Author : Pedro Barbosa,Deborah K. Letourneau,Anurag A. Agrawal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-06-29
ISBN : 1118253841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The abundance of insects can change dramatically from generation to generation; these generational changes may occur within a growing season or over a period of years. Such extraordinary density changes or "outbreaks" may be abrupt and ostensibly random, or population peaks may occur in a more or less cyclic fashion. They can be hugely destructive when the insect is a crop pest or carries diseases of humans, farm animals, or wildlife. Knowledge of these types of population dynamics and computer models that may help predict when they occur are very important. This important new book revisits a subject not thoroughly discussed in such a publication since 1988 and brings an international scale to the issue of insect outbreaks. Insect Outbreaks Revisited is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students in ecology, population biology and entomology, as well as government and industry scientists doing research on pests, land managers, pest management personnel, extension personnel, conservation biologists and ecologists, and state, county and district foresters.

Forecasting Mountain Pine Beetle Overwintering Mortality in a Variable Environment

Forecasting Mountain Pine Beetle Overwintering Mortality in a Variable Environment Book
Author : Barry Cooke
Publisher :
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climatic fluctuations are known to be a critical factor in the risk of mountain pine beetle (MPB) outbreaks and overwintering mortality caused by cold exposure is one of the key factors in the population dynamics of MPB. A conceptual model of MPB overwintering survival was developed based on supercooling point (SCP) estimation, where MPB cold tolerance varies daily as a function of daily fluctuations in air and tree phloem temperatures. The model described MPB overwintering survival as exhibited by MPB in the southern Rocky Mountains of the U.S. during the early 1990s. The purpose of the project described in this report was to test this model for use in the northern Rocky Mountains of Canada, and to move quickly toward development of an operational tool that provincial pest managers, especially those in Alberta Sustainable Resource Development, could use with confidence.--Includes text from document.

Beetle pathogen Interactions in Conifer Forests

Beetle pathogen Interactions in Conifer Forests Book
Author : Timothy Duane Schowalter,Gregory M. Filip
Publisher :
Release : 1993
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text discusses advances in bark beetle and pathogen systematics; environmental and host factors predisposing trees to bark beetle or pathogen colonization; mechanism of interaction between bark beetles and pathogens; effects on trees and forest ecosystems; and management strategies.

Calculating Risk of Mountain Pine Beetle Attack

Calculating Risk of Mountain Pine Beetle Attack Book
Author : Michael A. Wulder
Publisher :
Release : 2007
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study is part of a series of research papers that explore the biological, social, and economic aspects of British Columbia's mountain pine beetle epidemic. The objective of this study is to compare two different approaches for calculating beetle pressure, and to assess the impact these approaches have on the subsequent calculation of risk ratings. To meet this objective, beetle pressure was calculated using the traditional distance-based model, as well as using an alternative density-based model, implemented with a Voronoi tessellation generated from helicopter-GPS point survey data of known beetle infestation locations.--Includes text from document.

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options Book
Author : James M. Vose,Kier D. Klepzig
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 1466572752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest land managers face the challenges of preparing their forests for the impacts of climate change. However, climate change adds a new dimension to the task of developing and testing science-based management options to deal with the effects of stressors on forest ecosystems in the southern United States. The large spatial scale and complex interactions make traditional experimental approaches difficult. Yet, the current progression of climate change science offers new insights from recent syntheses, models, and experiments, providing enough information to start planning now for a future that will likely include an increase in disturbances and rapid changes in forest conditions. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options: A Guide for Natural Resource Managers in Southern Forest Ecosystems provides a comprehensive analysis of forest management options to guide natural resource management in the face of future climate change. Topics include potential climate change impacts on wildfire, insects, diseases, and invasives, and how these in turn might affect the values of southern forests that include timber, fiber, and carbon; water quality and quantity; species and habitats; and recreation. The book also considers southern forest carbon sequestration, vulnerability to biological threats, and migration of native tree populations due to climate change. This book utilizes the most relevant science and brings together science experts and land managers from various disciplines and regions throughout the south to combine science, models, and on-the-ground experience to develop management options. Providing a link between current management actions and future management options that would anticipate a changing climate, the authors hope to ensure a broader range of options for managing southern forests and protecting their values in the future.