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Balancing Regional Greenhouse Gas Budgets

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Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets Book
Author : Benjamin Poulter,Joseph Canadell,Daniel Hayes,Rona Thompson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-18
ISBN : 0128149531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world. Organized in four sections, including background, methods, case studies and opportunities, it is an interdisciplinary book covering both science and policy. All environments are covered, from terrestrial to ocean, along with atmospheric processes using models, inventories and observations to give a complete overview of greenhouse gas accounting. Perspectives presented give readers the tools necessary to understand budget activities, think critically, and use the framework to carry out initiatives. Written by a combination of experts across career stages, presenting an integrated perspective for graduate students and professionals alike Includes sections authored by those involved in both early and later IPCC assessments Provides an interdisciplinary resource that spans many topics and methodologies in oceanic, land and atmospheric processes

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets Book
Author : Benjamin Poulter,Joseph Canadell,Daniel Hayes,Rona Thompson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06
ISBN : 0128149523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world. Organized in four sections, including background, methods, case studies and opportunities, it is an interdisciplinary book covering both science and policy. All environments are covered, from terrestrial to ocean, along with atmospheric processes using models, inventories and observations to give a complete overview of greenhouse gas accounting. Perspectives presented give readers the tools necessary to understand budget activities, think critically, and use the framework to carry out initiatives. Written by a combination of experts across career stages, presenting an integrated perspective for graduate students and professionals alike Includes sections authored by those involved in both early and later IPCC assessments Provides an interdisciplinary resource that spans many topics and methodologies in oceanic, land and atmospheric processes

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level Book
Author : Dimmie Miep Doortje Hendriks
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789086593804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level book written by Dimmie Miep Doortje Hendriks, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe Book
Author : Han Dolman,Riccardo Valentini,A. Freibauer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-06
ISBN : 0387765700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy Book
Author : Riccardo Valentini,Franco Miglietta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-29
ISBN : 364232424X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest Book
Author : Sarah Rachel Waldo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cropping systems can be net sources or net sinks of greenhouse gases (GHGs) depending on climate and management. Agriculture can be a sink for carbon dioxide (CO2) if climate and management conditions are conducive for the build-up of soil organic matter. At the same time, agricultural soils are the main anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O), which is both a GHG and an ozone depleting substance. The work presented in this dissertation investigates the dynamics of CO2 and N2O fluxes over terrestrial systems in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) using measurements and modeling. The first study used the eddy covariance micrometeorological method to monitor fluxes of CO2 for two years at two agricultural sites representing the low- and high-end of the regional precipitation gradient. Combining the measured net ecosystem exchange of CO2 with information on carbon (C) export during harvest, we found that both sites were net carbon sinks. The high-rainfall site had a two-year C balance of 202 +/- 60 g C m-2, and the low-rainfall site had a C balance of 444 +/- 34 g C m-2. The second study used the flux gradient micrometeorological technique and automated static chambers to measure N 2O emissions over one year at two agricultural sites, one under no-tillage management (CAF-NT) and one that had conventional tillage (CAF-CT). The chamber results indicated total annual emissions of 2.7 +/- 1.6 kg N2O-N ha-1 and 4.4 +/- 3.2 kg N2O-N a-1 from CAF-NT and CAF-CT, respectively, while the flux gradient results indicated that CAF-NT and CAF-CT had total annual emissions of 2.1 +/- 0.4 and 1.7 +/- 0.3 kg N2O-N a-1, respectively. The third study investigates coupling the GHG processes in the Community Land Model (CLM) with a PNW regional air quality model. Results from two exploratory model runs are presented, which indicate that using CLM can strengthen monitoring and improve emission inventories in the PNW. The policy chapter is a review of California's plan to reduce elevated drinking-water nitrate levels, which are due to agricultural fertilizer use. This is a case where open-access to publications and data sets would expedite the formulation of good policy.

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases The Hungarian Perspective

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases  The Hungarian Perspective Book
Author : László Haszpra
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-29
ISBN : 9048199506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human induced global climate change is the biggest challenge humankind faces today. Increasing amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases play a crucial role in the evolution of the climate. Without the understanding of the contributing processes, feedbacks and interactions we cannot predict the future changes and develop effective mitigation strategies. To decrease the uncertainty of the global studies detailed regional studies are needed surveying the regional characteristics of the atmospheric greenhouse gas budget and the influencing factors. Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective covers a coherent subset of the Hungarian climate change oriented research that is directly related to greenhouse gases. Topics discussed in the book range from the monitoring of the concentrations and fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases, through the modeling of atmosphere-biosphere interaction and greenhouse gas exchange processes, to the review of the anthropogenic contribution of Hungary to the greenhouse gas budget of the atmosphere. The studies call the attention to the regional properties which may modulate the European scale or global picture on the variation of atmospheric greenhouse gases.

Budget of the United States Government

Budget of the United States Government Book
Author : United States,United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Budget of the United States Government book written by United States,United States. Office of Management and Budget, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Budget of the United States Government

The Budget of the United States Government Book
Author : United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Budget of the United States Government book written by United States. Office of Management and Budget, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix Budget of the U S Government

Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix  Budget of the U S  Government  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents detailed information on individual programs and appropriation accounts that constitute the budget. Includes for each Government department and agency the text of proposed appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or groups of agencies. NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS.

Land Use Systems in Grassland Dominated Regions

Land Use Systems in Grassland Dominated Regions Book
Author : A. Lüscher,B. Jeangros,O. Huguenin,M. Lobsiger,N. Millar,D. Suter
Publisher : vdf Hochschulverlag AG
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9783728129413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Land Use Systems in Grassland Dominated Regions book written by A. Lüscher,B. Jeangros,O. Huguenin,M. Lobsiger,N. Millar,D. Suter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance Book
Author : S. K. Jalota,B. B. Vashisht,Sandeep Sharma,Samanpreet Kaur
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 0128097213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water examines the greenhouse gas emissions and their warming effect, climate change projections, crop productivity and water. The book explores the most important greenhouse gases that influence the climate system, technical terms associated with climate projections, and the different mechanisms impacting crop productivity and water balance. Adaptive and mitigative strategies are proposed to cope with negative effects of climate change in particular domains. This book will help researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants. Uncovers links between climate change and its impact on crop and water outputs Integrates information on greenhouse gas cycles and mathematical equations into climate/crop models for analysis and seasonal prediction systems Provides strategies for efficient resource management and sustainable crop production in future Helps researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants

The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes

The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes Book
Author : Howard Griffith,Paul Jarvis
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2004-08-15
ISBN : 0203501349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Carbon Balance of Forest Biomes provides an informed synthesis on the current status of forests and their future potential for carbon sequestration. This volume is timely, since convincing models which scale from local to regional carbon fluxes are needed to support these international agreements, whilst criticisms have been levelled at existing empirical approaches. One key question is to determine how well eddy-flux measurements at the stand-level represent regional-scale processes. This may be related to specific management practices (age, plantation, fertilisation) or simple bias in choosing representative sites (ease of access, roughness, proximity to physical barriers). The ecology and regeneration state of temperate, tropical and boreal forests under current climatic conditions are discussed, together with partitioning of photosynthetic and respiratory fluxes from soils and vegetation. The volume considers how to integrate contrasting methodologies, and the latest approaches for scaling from stand to the planetary boundary layer.

Encyclopedia of the Arctic

Encyclopedia of the Arctic Book
Author : Mark Nuttall
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2005-09-23
ISBN : 1136786805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With detailed essays on the Arctic's environment, wildlife, climate, history, exploration, resources, economics, politics, indigenous cultures and languages, conservation initiatives and more, this Encyclopedia is the only major work and comprehensive reference on this vast, complex, changing, and increasingly important part of the globe. Including 305 maps. This Encyclopedia is not only an interdisciplinary work of reference for all those involved in teaching or researching Arctic issues, but a fascinating and comprehensive resource for residents of the Arctic, and all those concerned with global environmental issues, sustainability, science, and human interactions with the environment.

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology Book
Author : Claude R. Dugua,Alain Pietroniro
Publisher : American Geophysical Union
Release : 2005-01-14
ISBN : 0875904289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 163. The North, with its vast and varied landscapes, sparse population, and cold climate has always challenged its explorers: physically, mentally, logistically, and technically. The scientific community in particular has known such challenges in the past and does so today, especially in light of the projected intensification of climate change at high latitudes. Indeed, there are clear signs that change is already ongoing in many environmental variables: Air temperature and annual precipitation (including snowfall) are increasing in many regions; spring snow cover extent is decreasing; lake and river ice freeze-up dates are occurring later and breakup dates earlier; glaciers are retreating rapidly; permafrost temperatures are increasing and, in many cases, the permafrost is thawing; and sea-ice extent is at record minimums and thinning.

Net Emissions of Methane and Carbon Dioxide in Alaska

Net Emissions of Methane and Carbon Dioxide in Alaska Book
Author : Qianlai Zhuang,Jerry M. Melillo,Anthony David McGuire,David W. Kicklighter,Ronald G. Prinn,Paul A. Steudler,Benjamin Seth Felzer,Shaomin Hu,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Joint Program on the Science & Policy of Global Change
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We used a biogeochemistry model, the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM), to study the net methane (CH4) fluxes between Alaskan ecosystems and the atmosphere. We estimated that the current net emissions of CH4 (emissions minus consumption) from Alaskan soils are ~3 Tg CH4/yr. Wet tundra ecosystems are responsible for 75% of the region's net emissions, while dry tundra and upland boreal forests are responsible for 50% and 45% of total consumption over the region, respectively. In response to climate change over the 21st century, our simulations indicated that CH4 emissions from wet soils would be enhanced more than consumption by dry soils of tundra and boreal forests. As a consequence, we projected that net CH4 emissions will almost double by the end of the century in response to high-latitude warming and associated climate changes. When we placed these CH4 emissions in the context of the projected carbon budget (carbon dioxide [CO2] and CH4) for Alaska at the end of the 21st century, we estimated that Alaska will be a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere of 69 Tg CO2 equivalents/yr, that is, a balance between net methane emissions of 131 Tg CO2 equivalents/yr and carbon sequestration of 17 Tg C/yr (62 Tg CO2 equivalents/yr).

Budget of the United States Government

Budget of the United States Government Book
Author : United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Budget of the United States Government book written by United States. Office of Management and Budget, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Budget of the United States Government Appendix Fiscal Year 2014

Budget of the United States Government  Appendix  Fiscal Year 2014 Book
Author : Executive Office of the President of the United States: Office of Management and Budget
Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release : 2013-04-10
ISBN : 9780160917486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents detailed information on individual programs and appropriation accounts that constitute the budget. Includes for each Government department and agency the text of proposed appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or groups of agencies.

Appendix Budget of the United States Government Fiscal Year 2012

Appendix  Budget of the United States Government  Fiscal Year 2012 Book
Author : Office of Management and Budget (U.S.)
Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release : 2011-02-14
ISBN : 9780160880063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contains detailed information on the various appropriations and funds that constitute the budget and is designed primarily for the use of the Appropriations Committee. The Appendix contains more detailed financial information on individual programs and appropriation accounts than any of the other budget documents. It includes for each agency: the proposed text of appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or group of agencies. Information is also provided on certain activities whose outlays are not part of the budget totals.