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Badland Dynamics In The Context Of Global Change

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Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change

Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change Book
Author : Estela Nadal-Romero,Juan Francisco Martinez Murillo,Nikolaus Josef Kuhn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-06
ISBN : 0128130555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Badlands Dynamics in the Context of Global Change presents the newest ideas concerning badland formation and relates them to the larger context of global change. The book provides an overview of badland landforms and covers a variety of interdisciplinary topics, such as runoff generation, erosion processes and rates, the potential for modeling badland systems, and emerging technologies in research. It is an ideal resource for geomorphologists, physical geographers and soil scientists interested in this terrain and how it relates to land degradation in other environments. Provides a global understanding of the complex dynamics of badlands through geology, geomorphology and soil science Covers critical material properties for badlands development based on current knowledge and new data Includes vegetation dynamics in different badlands systems and their relationship with geomorphology dynamics

Soil Degradation Restoration and Management in a Global Change Context

Soil Degradation  Restoration and Management in a Global Change Context Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 0128164166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Degradation, Restoration and Management in a Global Change Context, volume four in the Advances in Chemical Pollution, Environmental Management and Protection series, explores a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies and provides the best practices to manage soils affected by degradation. Soils are the base of life, thus a sustainable soil management is crucial in a context of global environmental change. Chapters in this new release include Soil degradation, processes, future treats and possible solutions, Agriculture and grazing environments, Abandoned and afforested lands, Environments affected by fire, Mining environments, Urban areas, and Lands affected by war. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an international board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews Synthesizes all aspects involved in soil degradation

Global Geographical Heritage Geoparks and Geotourism

Global Geographical Heritage  Geoparks and Geotourism Book
Author : Ram Babu Singh,Ram Bali Singh,Dongying Wei,Subhash Anand
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811549567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the geographical, geomorphological, ecological, touristic and socioeconomic aspects of natural heritage, argues for the dynamic conservation of that heritage and explains its key characteristics, promotion, conservation and management to achieve sustainable development goals. Emerging concepts such as geodiversity, geographical heritage sites, geomonuments, geoparks and geotourism are increasingly being used by conservationists. At present, the development of geoparks is a major global theme involving the application of geosciences to promote the inclusive growth of society and the protection and conservation of our unique geoheritage. Currently, there are 147 UNESCO global geoparks across 41 countries, in addition to a number of national-level geoparks. Pursuing a holistic approach towards such sites will sensitise the general public to the need for geoconservation of significant geosites and promote it through geotourism. It is a crucial issue, as various countries around the world are eager to develop their geoparks and are working for the conservation of geoheritage sites at the national level. This unique book gathers contributions from 15 countries in the form of case studies analysing the realities on of geographical heritage, geoparks and geotourism. The respective chapters address the role of geoparks as essential tools for education, recreation and nature conservation. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable guide for geoscientists, planners, policymakers, civil society and anyone concerned about the conservation of geoheritage sites and geoparks for a sustainable future Earth.

Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future

Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future Book
Author : Rattan Lal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-09
ISBN : 1000483916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil organic matter (SOM) is the primary determinant of soil functionality. Soil organic carbon (SOC) accounts for 50% of the SOM content, accompanied by nitrogen, phosphorus, and a range of macro and micro elements. As a dynamic component, SOM is a source of numerous ecosystem services critical to human well-being and nature conservancy. Important among these goods and services generated by SOM include moderation of climate as a source or sink of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases, storage and purification of water, a source of energy and habitat for biota (macro, meso, and micro-organisms), a medium for plant growth, cycling of elements (N, P, S, etc.), and generation of net primary productivity (NPP). The quality and quantity of NPP has direct impacts on the food and nutritional security of the growing and increasingly affluent human population. Soils of agroecosystems are depleted of their SOC reserves in comparison with those of natural ecosystems. The magnitude of depletion depends on land use and the type and severity of degradation. Soils prone to accelerated erosion can be strongly depleted of their SOC reserves, especially those in the surface layer. Therefore, conservation through restorative land use and adoption of recommended management practices to create a positive soil-ecosystem carbon budget can increase carbon stock and soil health. This volume of Advances in Soil Sciences aims to accomplish the following: Present impacts of land use and soil management on SOC dynamics Discuss effects of SOC levels on agronomic productivity and use efficiency of inputs Detail potential of soil management on the rate and cumulative amount of carbon sequestration in relation to land use and soil/crop management Deliberate the cause-effect relationship between SOC content and provisioning of some ecosystem services Relate soil organic carbon stock to soil properties and processes Establish the relationship between soil organic carbon stock with land and climate Identify controls of making soil organic carbon stock as a source or sink of CO2 Connect soil organic carbon and carbon sequestration for climate mitigation and adaptation

Drainage Basin Dynamics

Drainage Basin Dynamics Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Biswajit Bera,Aznarul Islam,Sandipan Ghosh,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-01
ISBN : 3030796345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a versatile introduction to the study of drainage basin evolution, morphology, drainage basin hydrology and sedimentology, human interference, natural and anthropogenic hazards and various management techniques. This book offers the responsible factors of sediment yield and their absolute and specific growth and rate of delivery through tributaries to the main streams. Rivers are important geomorphic agents which reflect an amazing variety of form and behaviour, showing the wide range of natural environment in which they are originated. The drainage system evolution and spatial network development within the dynamic nature are being discussed and how they are adjusted in the geomorphic time scale over the millions of years. This book shows how drainage systems function and react to change and why this thoughtful is required for flourishing integrated basin management. In tropical and sub-tropical countries population pressures as well as different developmental projects are being executed on the drainage basin without proper planning. Today scientists consider drainage basin as an administrative unit during implementation of regional projects. In this context this book will carry a bench mark for scholars and young scientists.

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-19
ISBN : 3030232433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers the scientific basis for the ample evaluation of badland management in India and some surrounding regions. It examines the processes operating in the headwaters and main channels of ephemeral rivers in lateritic environments of India. In particular, the book covers a range of vital topics in the areas of gully erosion and water to soil erosion at lateritic uplands regions of India and other regions in Asia. It explores the probable gully erosion modeling through Remote Sensing & GIS Techniques. It is divided into three units. Unit I deals with the introduction of badland, types of badland and the process of badland formation. Unit II is devoted to a description of quantitative measurements. Unit III deals with the control and management processes related to various issues from different regions. As such this book serves as a reference book for research activities in this area. It is an efficient guide for aspiring researchers in applied geography, explaining advanced techniques to help students recognize both simple and complex concepts.

Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion

Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-10-15
ISBN : 9251316848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings book of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion (GSER19) contains all papers presented both orally and in poster format during the symposium (15-17 May 2019, FAO HQ). The papers presented have provided sufficient scientific evidence to show that soil erosion is a global threat to food production systems, available land for future demand, rural livelihoods, human health and biodiversity, and that coordinated effective action needs to be fostered and accelerated to address this issue. Studies presented provided scientific evidence that soil erosion is accelerated by anthropogenic action. In the current context of population increase and climate change, urgent action is needed from governments to support farmers and land-users in the transition to sustainable production systems, and crucial action is needed at global level to raise awareness of the importance of healthy and productive soils, to ensure a sustainable future and the achievement of many of the SDGs targeting hunger, water quality, and life on land, amongst others.

Geoarchaeology Climate Change and Sustainability

Geoarchaeology  Climate Change  and Sustainability Book
Author : Antony G. Brown,Laura S. Basell,Karl W. Butzer
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 0813724767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a broad survey of recent advances in geoarchaeology with particular attention to environmental change. The fourteen chapters include methodologically innovative research, case studies valuable for teaching, and the use of geological techniques to answer archaeological questions from lower Paleolithic hunting to the location of Homer's Ithaca. Geoarchaeology, Climate Change, and Sustainability also includes a major position paper and, unusually, two papers on the management of the geoarchaeological resource. Both the geographical and chronological coverage are broad ranging from the Lower Paleolithic (lower Pleistocene) to the Iron Age (late Holocene), and from rural Iran to urban Manhattan. The research presented here clearly demonstrates the value and practical application of geoarchaeological techniques from sediment-based dating to geographic information systems.

Land Resources Monitoring Modeling and Mapping with Remote Sensing

Land Resources Monitoring  Modeling  and Mapping with Remote Sensing Book
Author : Ph.D., Prasad S. Thenkabail
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-02
ISBN : 1482217988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Remo

The Interactions between Sediments and Water

The Interactions between Sediments and Water Book
Author : Brian Kronvang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 940173366X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on sediments as a pollutant in natural freshwater and marine habitats, and as a vector for the transfer of chemicals such as nutrients and contaminants. Sediment-water research is carried out all over the world within a variety of disciplines. The selected papers cover three main topics relating to assessment and/or restoration of disturbed watersheds, sediment-water linkages in terrestrial and aquatic environments and evaluation of sediment and ecological changes in marine and freshwater habitats. Innovative research in both developed and less developed countries is included. Both fundamental research, insight into applied research and system management are covered. The volume will also appeal to readers involved in sediment geochemistry and dynamics, aquatic habitats, water quality, aquatic ecology, river morphology, restoration techniques and catchment management.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 0081029098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Landscape Evolution

Landscape Evolution Book
Author : Kerry Gallagher,S. J. Jones,Stuart J. Jones,John Wainwright
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781862392502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The morphology of Earth's surface reflects the interaction of climate, tectonics and denudational processes operating over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. These processes can be considered catastrophic or continuous; depending on the timescale of observation or interest. Recent research had required integration of historically distinct subjects such as geomorphology, sedimentology, climatology and tectonics. Together, these have provided new insights into absolute and relative rates of denudation, and the factors that control the many dynamic processes involved. Specific subject areas covered are sediment transport processes and the timescales of competing processes, the role of the geological record and landscapes in constraining different processes, the nature of landscape evolution at different spatial scales and in contrasting geological environments.

Isotope Techniques in the Study of Environmental Change

Isotope Techniques in the Study of Environmental Change Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Isotope Techniques in the Study of Environmental Change book written by International Atomic Energy Agency, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Catchment Dynamics and River Processes

Catchment Dynamics and River Processes Book
Author : C. Garcia,R.J. Batalla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-12-17
ISBN : 9780444520845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catchment dynamics in a Mediterranean mountain environment : the Vallcebre research basins (southeastern Pyrenees) 1, Hydrology / Francesc Gallart, Jérôme Latron and Pilar Llorens -- Catchment dynamics in a Mediterranean mountain environment : the Vallcebre research basins (southeastern Pyrenees) 2, Temporal and spatial dynamics of erosion and stream sediment transport / Francesc Gallart, J. Carles Balasch, David Regüés, Montse Soler and Xavier Castelltort -- Patterns and thresholds of runoff generation and sediment transport on some Mediterranean hillslopes / Adolfo Calvo-Cases, Carolina Boix-Fayos and Eva Arnau-Rosalen -- Repeated patterns of Quaternary discontinuous gullying at El Tormillo, Ebro Basin, Spain / Adrian M. Harvey and Mateo Gutiérrez-Elorza / The influence of soil saturation on the stability of abandoned agricultural hillslope terraces under Mediterranean climatic conditions / Ali Zgaier and Moshe Inbar -- The long-term effects on soil properties from a forest fire of v ...

Handbook of Erosion Modelling

Handbook of Erosion Modelling Book
Author : R. P. C. Morgan,Mark Nearing
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-13
ISBN : 1444328468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The movement of sediment and associated pollutants over thelandscape and into water bodies is of increasing concern withrespect to pollution control, prevention of muddy floods andenvironmental protection. In addition, the loss of soil on site hasimplications for declining agricultural productivity, loss ofbiodiversity and decreased amenity and landscape value. The fate ofsediment and the conservation of soil are important issues for landmanagers and decision-makers. In developing appropriate policiesand solutions, managers and researchers are making greater use oferosion models to characterise the processes of erosion and theirinteraction with the landscape. A study of erosion requires one to think in terms ofmicroseconds to understand the mechanics of impact of a singleraindrop on a soil surface, while landscapes form over periods ofthousands of years. These processes operate on scales ofmillimetres for single raindrops to mega-metres for continents.Erosion modelling thus covers quite a lot of ground. This bookintroduces the conceptual and mathematical frameworks used toformulate models of soil erosion and uses case studies to show howmodels are applied to a variety of purposes at a range of spatialand temporal scales. The aim is to provide land managers and otherswith the tools required to select a model appropriate to the typeand scale of erosion problem, to show what users can expect interms of accuracy of model predictions and to provide anappreciation of both the advantages and limitations of models.Problems covered include those arising from agriculture, theconstruction industry, pollution and climatic change and range inscale from farms to small and large catchments. The book will alsobe useful to students and research scientists as an up-to-datereview of the state-of-art of erosion modelling and, through aknowledge of how models are used in practice, in highlighting thegaps in knowledge that need to be filled in order to develop evenbetter models.

Geomorphological Hazards and Disaster Prevention

Geomorphological Hazards and Disaster Prevention Book
Author : Irasema Alcántara-Ayala,Andrew S. Goudie
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-03-04
ISBN : 0521769256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art assessment of how geomorphology contributes to the comprehension, mapping and modelling of hazardous Earth surface processes.

Africa from MIS 6 2

Africa from MIS 6 2 Book
Author : Sacha C. Jones,Brian A. Stewart
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-04
ISBN : 9401775206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together archaeological, paleoenvironmental, paleontological and genetic data, this book makes a first attempt to reconstruct African population histories from out species' evolution to the Holocene. Africa during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 6 to 2 (~190-12,000 years ago) witnessed the biological development and behavioral florescence of our species. Modern human population dynamics, which involved multiple population expansions, dispersals, contractions and extinctions, played a central role in our species’ evolutionary trajectory. So far, the demographic processes – modern human population sizes, distributions and movements – that occurred within Africa during this critical period have been consistently under-addressed. The authors of this volume aim at (1) examining the impact of this glacial-interglacial- glacial cycle on human group sizes, movements and distributions throughout Africa; (2) investigating the macro- and micro-evolutionary processes underpinning our species’ anatomical and behavioral evolution; and (3) setting an agenda whereby Africa can benefit from, and eventually contribute to, the increasingly sophisticated theoretical and methodological palaeodemographic frameworks developed on other continents.

Development in Difficult Sociopolitical Contexts

Development in Difficult Sociopolitical Contexts Book
Author : A. Ware
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-30
ISBN : 1137347635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume explores development in the so-called 'fragile', 'failed' and 'pariah' states. It examines the literature on both fragile states and their development, and offers eleven case studies on countries ranking in the 'very high alert' and 'very high warning' categories in the Fund for Peace Failed States Index.

Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean

Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean Book
Author : John B. Thornes,John Wainwright
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2004-03-01
ISBN : 1134729863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Mediterranean has been subject to changing human settlement and land use patterns for millennia, and has a history of human exploitation in an inherently unstable landscape. Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean reviews both physical and social aspects of this region, in relation to its environment. Ideal for students who are studying a range of environmental issues, but want to see them linked within one regional context. The book begins with an introduction to the Mediterranean region, its history, physical and human geography and its environmental problems. It then goes on to examine: * The Dynamic Environment - climate variables and fluctuations, vegetation, the hydrological cycle of the basin and its watershed, processes of erosion, fire and the Mediterranean Sea *The Human Impact on the Environment - prehistoric and historic land use, traditional agriculture, rural and urban settlement and use of mineral resources * The Mediterranean Environment Under Increasing Pressure - the present human landscape, changes in agriculture in the 20th century, the impact of depopulation, pollution, water resources, desertification and potential climatic change. It then concludes with a discussion of the region's on-going environmental issues of water resources, land degradation, agricultural intensification and tourism, and considers how these can be approached using management techniques and national and regional policies.

Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic Mammals of North America

Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic Mammals of North America Book
Author : Michael O. Woodburne
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0231130406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book places into modern context the information by which North American mammalian paleontologists recognize, divide, calibrate, and discuss intervals of mammalian evolution known as North American Land Mammal Ages. It incorporates new information on the systematic biology of the fossil record and utilizes the many recent advances in geochronologic methods and their results. The book describes the increasingly highly resolved stratigraphy into which all available temporally significant data and applications are integrated. Extensive temporal coverage includes the Lancian part of the Late Cretaceous, and geographical coverage includes information from Mexico, an integral part of the North American fauna, past and present.