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Auxetic Textiles

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Auxetic Textiles

Auxetic Textiles Book
Author : Hong Hu,Minglonghai Zhang,Yanping Liu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 0081022123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Auxetic Textiles provides a detailed introduction to the basic properties of auxetic materials and how they differ from conventional materials, particularly auxetic textiles, such as polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and textile composites. The book discusses the beneficial properties of auxetic structures in textiles and how to translate those benefits into actual materials development. Sections cover the deformation mechanism of textile structures to achieve auxetic behavior and the modelling and simulation of auxetic textile structures. Finally, the book provides expert insights into potential application areas. Cutting across textiles disciplines, from technical textiles and advanced composites, to fashion and design, the book is a valuable introduction to the field for newcomers, with potent insights into the potential of these materials. Introduces the concept of auxetic materials and their differences from conventional materials Provides a practical guide to the mechanics of achieving auxetic properties in textile materials, including polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and composites Reviews and links up research and development in auxetic materials with the textile industry, helping enable the development of a range of new applications

Textiles for Advanced Applications

Textiles for Advanced Applications Book
Author : Bipin Kumar,Suman Thakur
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-09-20
ISBN : 9535135007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a global view of the development and applications of technical textiles with the description of materials, structures, properties, characterizations, functions and relevant production technologies, case studies, challenges, and opportunities. Technical textile is a transformative research area, dealing with the creation and studies of new generations of textiles that hoist many new scientific and technological challenges that have never been encountered before. The book emphasizes more on the principles of textile science and technology to provide solutions to several engineering problems. All chapter topics are exclusive and selectively chosen and designed, and they are extensively explored by different authors having specific knowledge in each area.

Composite Solutions for Ballistics

Composite Solutions for Ballistics Book
Author : Yasir Nawab,S.M. Sapuan Sapuan,Khubab Shaker
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-08-05
ISBN : 0128219904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Academic researchers who are working on the development of composite materials for ballistic protection need a deeper understanding on the theory of material behavior during ballistic impact. Those working in industry also need to select proper composite constituents, to achieve their desired characteristics to make functional products. Composite Solutions for Ballistics covers the different aspects of ballistic protection, its different levels and the materials and structures used for this purpose. The emphasis in the book is on the application and use of composite materials for ballistic protection. The chapters provide detailed information on the various types of impact events and the complexity of materials to respond to those events. The characteristics of ballistic composites and modelling and simulation results will enable the reader to better understand impact mechanisms according to the theory of dynamic material behavior. A complete description of testing conditions is also given that includes sensors and high-speed devices to monitor ballistic events. The book includes detailed approaches and schemes that can be implemented in academic research into solutions for ballistic protection in both theoretical and experimental fields, to find solutions for existing and next generation threats. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists and engineers, and academic and industrial researchers working in composite materials and textiles for ballistic protection, as well as postgraduate students on materials science, textiles and mechanical engineering courses. Discusses the fundamentals of impact response mechanisms and related solutions covering advantages and disadvantages for both existing and next generation applications Includes various methods for evaluation of ballistic constituents according to economic and environmental criteria, types of green ballistics are considered to enhance sustainable production of applications as well as hybrid composites from natural wastes Discusses selection methodologies for ballistic applications and detailed information on the use of textiles for reinforcement fabrication

Sports Materials

Sports Materials Book
Author : Thomas Allen,Leon Foster,Martin Strangwood,JamesWebster
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-01-24
ISBN : 3039281623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in materials are crucial to the development of sports equipment, from tennis rackets to skis to running shoes. Materials-driven improvements in equipment have helped athletes perform better, while enhancing safety and making sport more accessible and enjoyable. This book brings together a collection of 10 papers on the topic of sports materials, as published in a Special Issue of Applied Sciences. The papers within this book cover a range of sports, including golf, tennis, table tennis and baseball. State-of-the-art engineering techniques, such as finite element modelling, impact testing and full-field strain measurement, are applied to help further our understanding of sports equipment mechanics and the role of materials, with a view to improving performance, enhancing safety and facilitating informed regulatory decision making. The book also includes papers that describe emerging and novel materials, including auxetic materials with their negative Poisson’s ratio (fattening when stretched) and knits made of bamboo charcoal. This collection of papers should serve as a useful resource for sports engineers working in both academia and industry, as well as engineering students who are interested in sports equipment and materials.

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 1782424814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles, Volume 1: Technical Textile Processes provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of the latest advancements in technical textiles. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this volume reviews recent developments and technologies in the field, beginning with an overview of the technical textiles industry that includes coverage of technical fibers and yarns, weaving, spinning, knitting, and nonwoven production. Subsequent sections include discussions on finishing, coating, and the coloration of technical textiles. Provides a comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Presents updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications An ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Contains contributions from many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition who update their respective chapters

Auxetic Materials and Structures

Auxetic Materials and Structures Book
Author : Teik-Cheng Lim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-27
ISBN : 9812872752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book lays down the foundation on the mechanics and design of auxetic solids and structures, solids that possess negative Poisson’s ratio. It will benefit two groups of readers: (a) industry practitioners, such as product and structural designers, who need to control mechanical stress distributions using auxetic materials, and (b) academic researchers and students who intend to produce unique mechanical and other physical properties of structures using auxetic materials.

Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres Book
Author : S C O Ugbolue
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 0081012519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyolefin Fibres: Structure, Properties and Industrial Applications, Second Edition, explores one of the most widely used commercial polymers, with a focus on the most important polyolefins, namely polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyolefin bicomponent fibres. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical, and functional. This new edition has been updated and expanded to include cutting-edge research on a broad range of advanced applications. Part I covers the structure and properties of polyolefin fibres, incorporating a new chapter on the environmental aspects of polyolefin use. Part II examines the methods for improving the functionality of polyolefins, providing essential information for those engaged in developing high-performance materials. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefin fibres can be incorporated into specific textile applications, such as automotive, geotextile, biomedical, and hygiene products, and explores potential future development. This book is an essential reference for textile technologists and manufacturers, polymer and fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers, biomedical and device engineers, and industrialists and researchers. Introduces the types, properties and structure of polyolefin fibers for readers new to the polyolefins field Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibers, providing essential information for textile technologists and research and development managers engaged in developing high-performance materials Presents existing and potential applications of polyolefin fibers, exploring how they can expand the range of commercial polyolefin-based products

Fibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications

Fibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications Book
Author : Sohel Rana,Raul Fangueiro
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-22
ISBN : 9811002347
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the fibers and textiles used in composite materials. It presents both existing technologies currently used in commercial applications and the latest advanced research and developments. It also discusses the different fiber forms and architectures, such as short fibers, unidirectional tows, directionally oriented structures or advanced 2D- and 3D-textile structures that are used in composite materials. In addition, it examines various synthetic, natural and metallic fibers that are used to reinforce polymeric, cementitious and metallic matrices, as well as fiber properties, special functionalities, manufacturing processes, and composite processing and properties. Two entire chapters are dedicated to advanced nanofiber and nanotube reinforced composite materials. The book goes on to highlight different surface treatments and finishes that are applied to improve fiber/matrix interfaces and other essential composite properties. Although a great deal of information about fibers and textile structures used for composite applications is already available, this is the only book currently available that discusses all types of fibers and structures used to reinforce polymers, cement, metal or soil to improve their general performance and multi-functional behaviors. As such, it fills an important gap in the available literature and provides a valuable resource for a wide range of students and researchers from academia and industry.

A Partially Auxetic Metamaterial Inspired by the Maltese Cross

A Partially Auxetic Metamaterial Inspired by the Maltese Cross Book
Author : Teik-Cheng Lim
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2022-09-15
ISBN : 1009246429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A partially-auxetic metamaterial is introduced, inspired by the Maltese cross. Each unit of this metamaterial consists of a pair of counter-rotating equal-armed crosses, which is interconnected to neighboring units via hinge rods and connecting rods. Based on linkage theory, the on-axes Poisson's ratio was established considering a two-fold symmetrical mechanism, while the (anti)tetrachiral mechanisms were identified for on-axes uniaxial compression. A shearing mechanism is suggested for pure shearing and diagonal loading of the metamaterial with square array. Results suggest that the approximated infinitesimal models are valid for the Poisson's ratio of the two-fold symmetrical and the (anti)tetrachiral mechanisms under on-axis tension and compression, respectively; however, the finite model is recommended for quantifying the Poisson's ratio under pure shear and off-axis loading. This metamaterial manifests microstructural trinity, in which three different loading modes result in three different groups of deformation mechanisms. Finally, suggestions are put forth for some unsolved predictive problems.

Technical Textile Yarns

Technical Textile Yarns Book
Author : R Alagirusamy,Apurba Das
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-06-30
ISBN : 1845699475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technical yarns are produced for the manufacture of technical textiles. As the range of technical textiles is rapidly increasing, an understanding of the range of yarns available and their properties is important, in order to be able to meet the requirements of the intended end-use. Part one of the book begins by reviewing the advances in yarn production. Topics examine the advances in textile yarn spinning, modification of textile yarn structures, yarn hairiness and its reduction and coatings for technical textile yarns. The second group of chapters describes the range of technical yarns, such as electro-conductive textile yarns, novel yarns and plasma treated yarns for biomedical applications. Technical sewing threads and biodegradable textile yarns are also discussed. Technical textile yarns provides essential reading for yarn and fabric manufacturers, textile scientists, technicians, engineers and technologists, covering a wide range of areas within textile applications. This book will also be an important information source for academics and students. Provides a comprehensive overview of the variety of technical textile yarns available along with individual characteristics and production methods Documents advances in textile yarn spinning and texturising featuring compact, rotor and friction spinning Assesses different types of technical yarns including plasma-treated yarns for biomedical applications and hybrid yarns for thermoplastic composites

Smart Design

Smart Design Book
Author : Philip Breedon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-10
ISBN : 144712975X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Good product designs merge materials, technology and hardware into a unified user experience; one where the technology recedes into the background and people benefit from the capabilities and experiences available. By focusing on functional gain, critical awareness and emotive connection, even the most multifaceted and complex technology can be made to feel straightforward and become an integral part of daily life. Researchers, designers and developers must understand how to progress or appropriate the right technical and human knowledge to inform their innovations. The 1st International Smart Design conference provides a timely forum and brings together researchers and practitioners to discuss issues, identify challenges and future directions, and share their R&D findings and experiences in the areas of design, materials and technology. This proceedings of the 1st Smart Design conference held at Nottingham Trent University in November 2011 includes summaries of the talks given on topics ranging from intelligent textiles design to pharmaceutical packaging to the impact of social and emotional factors on design choices with the aim of informing and inspiring future application and development of smart design.

The Fairchild Books Dictionary of Textiles

The Fairchild Books Dictionary of Textiles Book
Author : Ajoy K. Sarkar,Phyllis G. Tortora,Ingrid Johnson
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release : 2021-11-04
ISBN : 1501365088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This seminal text demystifies all the terminology around working with textiles today, providing definitions of processes, techniques, features, and even some historical terms that you need to know. The dictionary now includes coverage of sustainability, smart materials and biobased textiles, intelligent and 3D manufacturing, new technologies, and processes. Entries cover fibers, fabrics, laws and regulations affecting textile materials and processing, inventors of textile technology, and business and trade terms relevant to textiles. Highly illustrated with over 400 images, entries include pronunciation, derivation, definition, and uses. The ninth edition also includes online availability to vocabulary and image flashcards via STUDIO for easy on-the-go access.

Handbook of Fibrous Materials 2 Volumes

Handbook of Fibrous Materials  2 Volumes Book
Author : Jinlian Hu,Bipin Kumar,Jing Lu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 3527342591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by a leading expert in the field with contributions from experienced researchers in fibers and textiles, this handbook reviews the current state of fibrous materials and provides a broad overview of their use in research and development. Volume One focuses on the classes of fibers, their production and characterization, while the second volume concentrates on their applications, including emerging ones in the areas of energy, environmental science and healthcare. Unparalleled knowledge of high relevance to academia and industry.

Protective Textiles from Natural Resources

Protective Textiles from Natural Resources Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-06-23
ISBN : 0323904785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protective Textiles from Natural Resources provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, production methods, processing techniques, characterization techniques, properties and applications of natural textile products for protective purposes. The subject of this book is an important kind of technical textile designed to protect the wearer from injuries, illness and death. They offer enhanced protection against phenomena including heat, cold, flame, chemical, biological, nuclear agents, radiation, disaster and even ballistics. As no single type of clothing can be adequate for all kinds of protection, extensive research is carried out to develop protective clothing for specialized civilian and military applications. The latest research on the use of natural fibres in PPE is also covered, which could make a significant contribution to the fight against the spread of COVID-19. This comprehensive guide explores a wide variety of themes from material processing and design to finished products, through protection against specific hazards to specific applications, including all significant new developments on natural materials for protective textiles. Explains the latest technologies related to fibre extraction from natural sources, chemical treatments, weave constructions, fabric finishes and coatings. Includes the latest research on natural fibers in personal protective equipment (PPE) to protect wearers from bacterial and viral contamination. Explains the state of the art in testing methods and standards for protective clothing.

Advanced Knitting Technology

Advanced Knitting Technology Book
Author : Subhankar Maity,Sohel Rana,Pintu Pandit,Kunal Singha
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-08-22
ISBN : 0323855350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Knitting Technology provides complete coverage of the latest innovations and developments in knitting technology, including emerging methods as well as the latest best practice for classical processes. Many technologies can be used for the production of cloth such as weaving, knitting, nonwoven, and braiding. Knitting methods are being selected for a growing range of applications due to the spectacular properties of knitted fabric, such as softer tactile quality, higher stretchability, bulkiness, and functional properties that compare favorably with other woven fabrics. Beyond the well-known apparel applications, specially designed knitted structures are uniquely suitable for high performance applications like reinforcement for composites, medical implants, and geotextiles. This book presents recent advances in knitting technology, including structures, properties and applications of knitted fabrics in modern apparel, activewear, composites, medical textiles, and geotextiles. With reference to the latest industry practice, testing, quality and process control methods for knitting technologies are discussed. Advanced Knitting Technology covers recent advances in knitting technology, properties and performance of knitted structures, their applications in apparel and technical fields. Provides detailed and practical instructions for the sustainable production of knitted textiles, including sustainable chemical processing natural dyeing processes, and sustainability analysis methods Draws on the latest research to discuss the future of knitted apparels and high-tech applications of knitted structures as technical textiles Explores the latest applications of AI and machine learning to the knitting process

Advanced Composite Materials for Aerospace Engineering

Advanced Composite Materials for Aerospace Engineering Book
Author : Sohel Rana,Raul Fangueiro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-26
ISBN : 0081000545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Composite Materials for Aerospace Engineering: Processing, Properties and Applications predominately focuses on the use of advanced composite materials in aerospace engineering. It discusses both the basic and advanced requirements of these materials for various applications in the aerospace sector, and includes discussions on all the main types of commercial composites that are reviewed and compared to those of metals. Various aspects, including the type of fibre, matrix, structure, properties, modeling, and testing are considered, as well as mechanical and structural behavior, along with recent developments. There are several new types of composite materials that have huge potential for various applications in the aerospace sector, including nanocomposites, multiscale and auxetic composites, and self-sensing and self-healing composites, each of which is discussed in detail. The book’s main strength is its coverage of all aspects of the topics, including materials, design, processing, properties, modeling and applications for both existing commercial composites and those currently under research or development. Valuable case studies provide relevant examples of various product designs to enhance learning. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Provides a comprehensive resource on the use of advanced composite materials in the aerospace industry Discusses both existing commercial composite materials and those currently under research or development

Mechanics of Metamaterials with Negative Parameters

Mechanics of Metamaterials with Negative Parameters Book
Author : Teik-Cheng Lim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-23
ISBN : 9811564469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses bulk solids that derive their mechanical properties not from those of their base materials, but from their designed microstructures. Focusing on the negative mechanical properties, it addresses topics that reveal the counter-intuitive nature of solids, specifically the negativity of properties that are commonly positive, such as negative bulk modulus, negative compressibility, negative hygroexpansion, negative thermal expansion, negative stiffness phase, and negative Poisson’s ratio. These topics are significant not only due to the curiosity they have sparked, but also because of the possibility of designing materials and structures that can behave in ways that are not normally expected in conventional solids, and as such, of materials that can outperform solids and structures made from conventional materials. The book includes illustrations to facilitate learning, and, where appropriate, reference tables. The presentation is didactic, starting with simple cases, followed by increasingly complex ones. It provides a solid foundation for graduate students, and a valuable resource for practicing materials engineers seeking to develop novel materials through the judicious design of microstructures and their corresponding mechanisms.

Fibres to Smart Textiles

Fibres to Smart Textiles Book
Author : Asis Patnaik,Sweta Patnaik
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-08
ISBN : 0429821921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fibres to Smart Textiles: Advances in Manufacturing, Technologies, and Applications offers comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and advances in the textile and clothing manufacturing sectors. It describes the basics of fibres, yarns, and fabrics and their end use in the latest developments and applications in the field and addresses environmental impacts from textile processes and how to minimize them. This book serves as a single comprehensive source discussing textile fibres, yarn formation, filament formation techniques, woven fabric formation, knitting technologies, nonwoven manufacturing technologies, braiding technologies, and dyeing, printing, and finishing processes. Testing of textile materials, environmental impacts of textile processes and use of CAD and CAM in designing textile products are also included. The book also discusses applications including textile composites and biocomposites, technical textiles, smart textiles, and nanotextiles. With chapters authored by textile experts, this practical book offers guidance to professionals in textile and clothing manufacturing and shows how to avoid potential pitfalls in product development.

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Textiles

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Textiles Book
Author : Nabil Ibrahim,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-07-23
ISBN : 032385365X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Textiles: Modern Design and Approaches provides a comprehensive survey of the latest methods in green chemistry for the reduction of the textile industry’s environmental impact. In recent years industrial R&D has been exploring more sustainable chemicals as well as eco-friendly technologies in the textile wet processing chain, leading to a range of new techniques for sustainable textile manufacture. This book discusses and explores basic principles of green chemistry and their implementation along with other aspects of cleaner production strategies, as well as new and emerging textile technologies, providing a comprehensive reference for readers at all levels. Potential benefits to industry from the techniques covered in this book include: Savings in water, energy and chemical consumption, waste minimization as well as disposal cost reduction, and production of high added value sustainable textile products to satisfy consumer demands for comfort, safety, aesthetic, and multi-functional performance properties. Innovative emerging methods are covered as well as popular current technologies, creating a comprehensive reference that facilitates comparisons between methods Evaluates the fundamental green chemistry principles as drivers for textile sustainability Explains how and why to use renewable green chemicals in the textile wet processing chain

Medical Textiles from Natural Resources

Medical Textiles from Natural Resources Book
Author : Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-06-23
ISBN : 0323904807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Textiles from Natural Resources provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, production methods, processing techniques, characterization techniques, properties and applications of medical textile materials from natural resources. Medical textiles offer a variety of technical and functional properties valued in medical and healthcare sectors, often relating to hygiene. As medical textile products remain in close contact with the human body, the fibre must have characteristics such as biological compatibility, biological degradability, permeability and nontoxicity. Only materials from natural renewable sources have such characteristics. This book provides the latest information on a wide range of medical applications, from single suture and wound dressings, to implants and tissue scaffolds. It also offers a systematic review of the manufacture, properties and applications of technical textiles for medical use. Explains the latest technologies related to fibre extraction from natural sources, chemical treatments, weave constructions, fabric finishes and coatings. Describes innovative applications of nanomaterials in the treatment of textile fabric and the utilization of carbohydrate polymers in the preparation of nanoparticles deposited in nonwoven fabrics. Helps product designers to find appropriate materials from natural resources with the characteristics of biodegradability, renewability, biocompatibility and nontoxicity.