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Autophagy In Immune Response Impact On Cancer Immunotherapy

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Autophagy in Immune Response Impact on Cancer Immunotherapy

Autophagy in Immune Response  Impact on Cancer Immunotherapy Book
Author : Salem Chouaib
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-25
ISBN : 0128196092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy in Immune Response: Impact on Cancer Immunotherapy focuses on the status and future directions of autophagy with respect to different aspects of its interaction with the immune system and immunotherapy. The book takes scientific research in autophagy a step further by presenting reputable information on the topic and offering integrated content with advancements in autophagy, from cell biology and biochemical research, to clinical treatments. This book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists, graduate students and several members of biomedical field who are interested in learning more on the relationship between autophagy and immunotherapies. Presents updated knowledge on autophagy at the basic level and its potential use in cancer treatment Offers the first book to cover autophagy at the interface of cell biology, immunology and tumor biology Provides a wealth of information on the topic in a coherent and comprehensive collection of contributions by world renowned scientists and investigators

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-28
ISBN : 0128094273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging is an eleven volume series that discusses in detail all aspects of autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. This series discusses the characterization of autophagosome-enriched vaccines and its efficacy in cancer immunotherapy. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to cellular processes while also inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Examines whether autophagy acts fundamentally as a cell survivor or cell death pathway or both Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation Features recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities, including atherosclerosis and CNS tumors, and their development and treatment Includes chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Autophagy in tumor and tumor microenvironment

Autophagy in tumor and tumor microenvironment Book
Author : Sujit Kumar Bhutia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-24
ISBN : 9811569304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the paradoxical role of autophagy in tumor suppression and tumor promotion in cancer cells. Autophagy plays opposing, context-dependent roles in tumors; accordingly, strategies based on inhibiting or stimulating autophagy could offer as potential cancer therapies. The book elucidates the physiological role of autophagy in modulating cancer metastasis, which is the primary cause of cancer-associated mortality. Further, it reviews its role in the differentiation, development, and activation of multiple immune cells, and its potential applications in tumor immunotherapy. In addition, it examines the effect of epigenetic modifications of autophagy-associated genes in regulating tumor growth and therapeutic response and summarizes autophagy’s role in the development of resistance to a variety of anti-cancer drugs in cancer cells. In closing, it assesses autophagy as a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable asset for all oncologists and researchers who wish to understand the potential role of autophagy in tumor biology.

Glioma

Glioma Book
Author : ryuya yamanaka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-05-27
ISBN : 1461431468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatment of glioma is currently one of the most challenging problems in oncology, as well as in neurosurgery. Despite major advances in our understanding of the pathomechanism, diagnosis by imaging and the availability of powerful therapeutic tools, the life expectancy of patients with glioblastoma has only been slightly prolonged and a cure remains elusive. None of the currently available surgical tools, including operative microscopes, lasers and image-guided surgery, can enable the detection and removal of all of the tumor tissue. In recent years, however, the landscape has been changing immeasurably, and molecular studies over the past two decades have identified a variety of genetic aberrations that are specifically associated with individual types of gliomas. In addition, certain molecular abnormalities have been linked to therapy responses, thereby establishing clinical biomarkers and molecular targets, and the use of novel agents is being investigated. These agents have been specifically engineered to exert specific cytotoxicity against gliomas, either on their own as single agents or in combination with other modalities. Moreover, there has been an enormous surge of interest in the area of immunology and immunotherapy, which has been facilitated by our understanding of the molecular basis of gliomas. Although several kinds of immunotherapeutic trials have been undertaken, we still await a great breakthrough in terms of clinical efficacy to prolong the survival time of glioma patients.

Inflammation and Cancer

Inflammation and Cancer Book
Author : Bharat B. Aggarwal,Bokyung Sung,Subash Chandra Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 3034808372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume examines in detail the role of chronic inflammatory processes in the development of several types of cancer. Leading experts describe the latest results of molecular and cellular research on infection, cancer-related inflammation and tumorigenesis. Further, the clinical significance of these findings in preventing cancer progression and approaches to treating the diseases are discussed. Individual chapters cover cancer of the lung, colon, breast, brain, head and neck, pancreas, prostate, bladder, kidney, liver, cervix and skin as well as gastric cancer, sarcoma, lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma.

Microbial Crosstalk with Immune System

Microbial Crosstalk with Immune System Book
Author : Asmita Das
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0323961282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our body is not sterile and harbors enumerable microflora that are now being understood to play a complex role in immune regulation and shaping of the immune system in a continuous and dynamic way. In 8 chapters, Microbial Crosstalk with Immune System: New Insights in Therapeutics provides an overall introduction with special focus on how the immune system which is specifically geared to get rid of non-self-antigens, allows numerous microbes to colonize the human body. In the presence of microbes there are several observations that suggest that there are multiple roles that are played by these microbes in tumor progression and shaping of our immune system which is explained at length in subsequent chapters. Microbial Crosstalk with Immune System: New Insights in Therapeutics discusses the emerging mechanisms of immune-therapeutics as well as its limitations while emphasizing the potential role of microbes in shaping immune-therapeutic and evolving novel strategies to deal with any limitations. Focuses on the modulation of immune system by the microbiome, thus affecting cancer prognosis Discusses various current research strategies in the field that are still in experimental stages. enabling readers to gain a perspective on the ongoing research in the field Gives insight into the emerging mechanisms of immune-therapeutics and its limitations Emphasizes the potential role of microbes in shaping immune-therapeutics

NK Cells in Cancer Immunotherapy Successes and Challenges

NK Cells in Cancer Immunotherapy  Successes and Challenges Book
Author : Anahid Jewett,Yuman Fong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-12-06
ISBN : 0128226269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NK Cells in Cancer Immunotherapy: Successes and Challenges explains the latest immunotherapeutic strategies, focusing on NK cells to allow the best and precise combination treatments to cancer patients. The book provides existing background knowledge in the field of immunotherapy and discusses future areas of research required to carry out cutting-edge, validated therapies. Chapters cover advances in immunotherapeutic strategies, in particular, the use of NK cells with and without T-cell therapy in the treatment of cancer. The book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, graduate students and those interested in learning more about novel strategies to treat cancer patients. Immunotherapy is fast becoming the method of choice for cancer therapy. Although remarkable advances have been made in the field of immunotherapy, there are significant challenges and difficulties ahead since many of the current immunotherapeutic strategies do not provide long-lasting treatment strategies, and therefore are not very effective. Covers CAR/T and CAR/NK and adoptive NK cell therapy with and without T cell therapies Discusses basic biology of NK cells and mouse models of human cancers and the role of NK cells in metastatic cancer and in cancer stem cells Encompasses information on combination therapies using check point inhibition, adoptive transfer of cytotoxic effector cells, chemotherapeutic drugs and activating and inhibitory antibodies

Adoptive Cell Transfer

Adoptive Cell Transfer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 0323994075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adoptive Cell Transfer, Volume 370 in the International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology series highlights advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors who expound on topics such as the Impact of tumor microenvironment on Adoptive Cell Transfer activity, Dendritic Cell Transfer, CAR-T Cell dysfunction and exhaustion, NK Cell-based cancer immunotherapy, Enabling CAR-T cells for solid tumors: rage against the suppressive tumor microenvironment, Improving Adoptive T-Cell therapy with cytokines administration, and What will (and should) be improved in Immunotherapy with CAR? Publishes only invited review articles on selected topics Authored by established and active cell and molecular biologists and drawn from international sources Offers a wide range of perspectives on specific subjects

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-07-29
ISBN : 0124055354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes while inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Considering that autophagy is associated with numerous biological processes, including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases, there is a great need to understanding its role. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological situations (conditions) mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. Volumes in the Series

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-26
ISBN : 0124055346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and up-to-date, this book offers a valuable guide to these cellular processes whilst encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Volume 3 explores the role of autophagy in specific diseases and developments, including: Crohn’s Disease, Gaucher Disease, Huntington’s Disease, HCV infection, osteoarthritis, and liver injury. A full section is devoted to in-depth exploration of autophagy in tumor development and cancer. Finally, the work explores the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis, with attention to the ways in which autophagy regulates apoptosis, and the ways in which autophagy has been explored in Lepidoptera, elucidating the use of larval midgut as a model for such exploration. From these well-developed foundations, researchers, translational scientists, and practitioners may work to better implement more effective therapies against some of the most devastating human diseases. Volumes in the Series

Sex Hormones and Gender Differences in Immune Responses

Sex Hormones and Gender Differences in Immune Responses Book
Author : Elena Ortona,Marina Pierdominici,Virginia Rider
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-07-31
ISBN : 2889459365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasingly clear evidence points to the need to consider gender differences in human health. In this collection of papers, recent research that supports gender differences in the immune system are discussed. We have loosely divided the eBook into two sections. The first section focuses on the role of steroid hormone interactions within the immune system, and their impact on autoimmune diseases, infection and allergy. This section contains comprehensive reviews and an opinion article about this topic. In the following section, original research articles revolve around the effects of the sex hormones on immune response. Two original manuscripts deal with the role of estrogen receptors in autoimmune diseases. Other two research articles discuss the role of the immune system during pregnancy. Finally, differences between males and females in infections are the topic of further two research articles. We are confident this collection of papers will be important for exploring and developing a greater understanding of gender differences in human health and disease.

Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment for a More Effective and Efficient Cancer Immunotherapy

Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment for a More Effective and Efficient Cancer Immunotherapy Book
Author : Salem Chouaib,James Lorens
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 2889638170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment for a More Effective and Efficient Cancer Immunotherapy book written by Salem Chouaib,James Lorens, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autophagy A Double Edged Sword

Autophagy   A Double Edged Sword Book
Author : Yannick Bailly
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9535110624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapters in this book review the latest advances in the molecular mechanisms of autophagy, highlighting some of the most challenging research topics. The focus is mainly on how this basic cell defense mechanism comes into play in various pathologies, including liver diseases, myopathies, infectious diseases, cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. In these diseases, the contradictory autophagy roles of cell survival versus cell death emphasize the necessity of taking into account this double-edged nature in future development of already promising, autophagy- modulating, therapies.

Autophagy and Senescence in Cancer Therapy

Autophagy and Senescence in Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 0128241594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Cancer Research, Volume 150, the latest release in this ongoing series, covers the relationship(s) between autophagy and senescence, how they are defined, and the influence of these cellular responses on tumor dormancy and disease recurrence. Specific sections in this new release include Autophagy and senescence, converging roles in pathophysiology, Cellular senescence and tumor promotion: role of the unfolded protein response, autophagy and senescence in cancer stem cells, Targeting the stress support network regulated by autophagy and senescence for cancer treatment, Autophagy and PTEN in DNA damage-induced senescence, mTOR as a senescence manipulation target: A forked road, and more. Addresses the relationship between autophagy and senescence in cancer therapy Covers autophagy and senescence in tumor dormancy Explores autophagy and senescence in disease recurrence

Cellular Immunity in the Peritoneum

Cellular Immunity in the Peritoneum Book
Author : Pedro Berraondo,Lorenzo Galluzzi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0323994008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adoptive Cell Transfer, Volume 371 in the International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology series highlights advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters written by an international board of authors who expound on topics such as the Impact of tumor microenvironment on Adoptive Cell Transfer activity, Dendritic Cell Transfer, CAR-T Cell dysfunction and exhaustion, NK Cell-based cancer immunotherapy, Enabling CAR-T cells for solid tumors: rage against the suppressive tumor microenvironment, Improving Adoptive T-Cell therapy with cytokines administration, and What will (and should) be improved in Immunotherapy with CAR? Publishes only invited review articles on selected topics Authored by established and active cell and molecular biologists and drawn from international sources Offers a wide range of perspectives on specific subjects

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-01-14
ISBN : 9780128029374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes while inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Volume 8 Autophagy and Human Diseases, concentrates on the role of Autophagy in human diseases, including tumorigenesis. The diseases discussed include melanoma, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders. Loss of autophagy in the central nervous system causes neurodegeneration (Alzheimers disease, Huntington''s disease, Parkin''s disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). Melanoma is one of the most serious diseases in humans. Autophagy plays a key role in the anticancer response to Chemotherapy. However, autophagy can increase or decrease the effectiveness of chemotherapy. The reasons for these contradictory effects are explained. Autophagy also plays a role in idiopathic inflammatory diseases, infection, and immunity. An explanation is given how autophagy is closely linked to control of innate and adaptive immune responses in host defense in part by regulating cytokine production. The role of autophagy in cutaneous malignant melanoma is discussed in detail and expression of Beclin 1 and LC3 autophagic genes in melanoma is included to explain the molecular mechanisms underlying this very serious disease, which tends to metastasize to the brain. The effect of the treatment of this disease using Terfenadine through the induction of autophagy and apoptosis is also included. Autophagy and apoptosis are two main mechanisms involved in programmed cell death. Considering that autophagy is associated with numerous biological processes including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer''s, Parkinson''s, Huntington''s, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases, there is a great need to understanding its role. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological situations (conditions) mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. Volumes in the Series Volume 1: Molecular Mechanisms. Elucidates autophagy''s association with numerous biological processes, including cellular development and differentiation, cancer, immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer''s, Parkinson''s, Huntington''s, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases. Volume 2: Role in General Diseases. Describes the various aspects of the complex process of autophagy in a myriad of devastating human diseases, expanding from a discussion of essential autophagic functions into the role of autophagy in proteins, pathogens, immunity, and general diseases. Volume 3: Role in Specific Diseases. Explores the role of autophagy in specific diseases and developments, including: Crohn''s Disease, Gaucher Disease, Huntington''s Disease, HCV infection, osteoarthritis, and liver injury, with a full section devoted to in-depth exploration of autophagy in tumor development and cancer, as well as the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis. Volume 4: Mitophagy. Presents detailed information on the role of mitophagy, the selective autophagy of mitochondria, in health and disease, by delivering an in-depth treatment of the molecular mechanisms involved in mitophagy initiation and execution, as well as the role of mitophagy in Parkinson Disease, cardiac aging, and skeletal muscle atrophy. Volume 5: Role in Human Diseases. Comprehensively describes the role of autophagy in human diseases, delivering coverage of the antitumor and protumor roles of autophagy; the therapeutic inhibition of autophagy in cancer; and the duality of autophagy''s effects in various cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative disorders. Volume 6: Regulation of Autophagy and Selective Autophagy. Provides coverage of the mechanisms of regulation of autophagy; intracellular pathogen use of the autophagy mechanism; the role of autophagy in host immunity; and selective autophagy. Volume 7: Role of Autophagy in Therapeutic Applications. Provides coverage of the latest developments in autophagosome biogenesis and regulation; the role of autophagy in protein quality control; the role of autophagy in apoptosis; autophagy in the cardiovascular system; and the relationships between autophagy and lifestyle. Volume 8: Autophagy and Human Diseases. Reviews recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities, and introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies, in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid on preventing detrimental inflammation. Volume 9: Human Diseases and Autophagosome. Emphasizes the role of Autophagy in necrosis and inflammation, explaining in detail the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the formation of autophagosomes, including the progression of Omegasomes to autophagosomes. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death and whether autophagy acts fundamentally as a cell survivor, or cell death pathway, or both Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies, in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid on preventing detrimental inflammation States recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities

New Roles of Autophagy Pathways in Cancer

New Roles of Autophagy Pathways in Cancer Book
Author : Daniel Hector Grasso,Eugenia Morselli,Waleska Kerllen Martins,Claudio Marcelo Fader
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-09-10
ISBN : 2889712818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Roles of Autophagy Pathways in Cancer book written by Daniel Hector Grasso,Eugenia Morselli,Waleska Kerllen Martins,Claudio Marcelo Fader, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development and Potential Mechanisms of Low Molecular Weight Drugs for Cancer Immunotherapy

Development and Potential Mechanisms of Low Molecular Weight Drugs for Cancer Immunotherapy Book
Author : Yanfeng Gao,Bin Zhang,Xuanming Yang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-06-03
ISBN : 2889763161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Development and Potential Mechanisms of Low Molecular Weight Drugs for Cancer Immunotherapy book written by Yanfeng Gao,Bin Zhang,Xuanming Yang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Immunogenic Cell Death in Cancer From Benchside Research to Bedside Reality

Immunogenic Cell Death in Cancer  From Benchside Research to Bedside Reality Book
Author : Abhishek D Garg,Patrizia Agostinis
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-04-29
ISBN : 2889198383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classically, anti-cancer therapies have always been applied with the primary aim of tumor debulking achieved through widespread induction of cancer cell death. While the role of host immune system is frequently considered as host protective in various (antigen-bearing) pathologies or infections yet in case of cancer overtime it was proposed that the host immune system either plays no role in therapeutic efficacy or plays a limited role that is therapeutically unemployable. The concept that the immune system is dispensable for the efficacy of anticancer therapies lingered on for a substantial amount of time; not only because evidence supporting the claim that anti-cancer immunity played a role were mainly contradictory, but also largely because it was considered acceptable (and sometimes still is) to test anticancer therapies in immunodeficient mice (i.e. SCID/athymic mice lacking adaptive immune system). This latter practice played a detrimental role in appreciating the role of anticancer immunity in cancer therapy. This scenario is epitomized by the fact that for a long time the very existence of cancer-associated antigens or cancer-associated ‘danger signaling’ remained controversial. However, over last several years this dogmatic view has been considerably modified. The existence of cancer-associated antigens and ‘danger signaling’ has been proven to be incontrovertible. These developments have together paved way for the establishment of the attractive concept of “immunogenic cell death” (ICD). It has been established that a restricted class of chemotherapeutics/targeted therapeutics, radiotherapy, photodynamic therapy and certain oncolytic viruses can induce a form of cancer cell death called ICD which is accompanied by spatiotemporally defined emission of danger signals. These danger signals along with other factors help cancer cells undergoing ICD to activate host innate immune cells, which in turn activate T cell-based immunity that helps eradicate live (or residual) surviving cancer cells. The emergence of ICD has been marred by some controversy. ICD has been criticized to be either experimental model or setting-specific or mostly a concept based on rodent studies that may have very limited implications for clinical application. However, in recent times it has emerged (through mainly retrospective or prognostic studies) that ICD can work in various human clinical settings hinting towards clinical applicability of ICD. However a widespread consensus on this issue is still transitional. In the current Research Topic we aimed to organize and intensify a discussion that strives to bring together the academic and clinical research community in order to provide a background to the current state-of-the-art in ICD associated bench-side research and to initiate fruitful discussions on present and future prospects of ICD translating towards the clinical, bedside reality.

Connecting the Dots Between Inflammation and the Inner Workings of Programmed Cell Death

Connecting the Dots Between Inflammation and the Inner Workings of Programmed Cell Death Book
Author : Thomas Kaufmann,W. Wei-Lynn Wong
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-05-21
ISBN : 288963695X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Programmed cell death (PCD) is central in maintaining the life of multicellular organisms, during development as well as in healthy adulthood or in the context of disease. The best understood form of PCD is apoptosis, a caspase mediated, immunologically silent cell death that can be initiated in probably all cell types upon aging, lack of growth support, critical damage or infection. One of the key pathways of apoptosis involves mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP), a process tightly regulated by members of the BCL-2 family. Whereas PCD and apoptosis were used synonymously in the past, other forms of PCD have been discovered more recently, including RIPK1/3- and MLKL-dependent necroptosis, resulting in a necrotic phenotype, and pyroptosis. Interestingly, key components of the necroptotic pathway are actively suppressed by apoptotic caspases, and this interconnection allows a switch in cell death modalities with greatly impact on the host’s immune response. Recent findings link mitochondria and/or MOMP to non-apoptotic forms of PCD, including ferroptosis and necroptosis, putting this organelle even more in the center of cellular death. This article collection highlights the exciting potential and as yet undiscovered regulation of programmed cell death that can impact the immune system and its response.