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Autophagy In Health And Disease

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Autophagy in Health and Disease

Autophagy in Health and Disease Book
Author : Roberta A. Gottlieb
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-10-16
ISBN : 0123851017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy in Health and Disease offers an overview of the latest research in autophagy with a translational emphasis. This publication takes scientific research in autophagy a step further and offers integrated content with advancements in autophagy from cell biology and biochemical research to clinical treatments. A necessary reference for the bookshelf of medical and scientific researchers and students, Autophagy in Health and Disease presents high quality, reputable information on autophagy, allowing the reader quick access to the most applicable information. Discusses current understanding of the roles of autophagy in health and disease Covers the background of autophagy, the development of tools and therapeutics to measure and modulate autophagy, and autophagy in tissues and disease processes

Autophagy in Health and Disease

Autophagy in Health and Disease Book
Author : Beverly Rothermel,Abhinav Diwan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 012822004X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy in Health and Disease, Second Edition provides a comprehensive overview of the process of autophagy and its impact on human physiology and pathophysiology. It expands on the scope of the first edition by covering a wider range of cell types, developmental processes, and organ systems. The second edition is an international effort by investigators from 15 different countries whose many contributions are comprised in 28 chapters organized into six sections. The first section (Chapters 1-7) covers foundational concepts, including history, trajectory of the research field, mechanisms of autophagy, and autophagy regulation. The second section (Chapters 8-11) details developmental aspects, including stem cells, embryogenesis, hematopoiesis, and paligenosis. The subsequent sections are devoted to the role of autophagy in specific organ systems involved in metabolic control and diabetes (Chapters 12-15), the cardiovascular system (Chapters 16-18), and the nervous system (Chapters 19-20). The final section (Chapters 21-28) addresses autophagy in other organ systems vital to human health and longevity. Also included are chapters on microautophagy, chaperone-mediated autophagy, and the potential for autophagy as a therapeutic target. Autophagy in Health and Disease is invaluable to anyone new to the field as well as established investigators looking for a broader understanding of autophagy from outside their specific field of study. Provides a comprehensive overview of the process of autophagy and its impact on human physiology and pathology Offers extended coverage of the mechanisms that mediate autophagy Covers the role of autophagy in stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells, as well as the regenerative process of paligenosis Highlights important questions that remain to be addressed

Autophagy in Health and Disease

Autophagy in Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 0128220228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy in Health and Disease, Volume 175, presents the latest insights from renowned experts in the field who discuss the key role of autophagic responses in the preservation of cellular and organismal homeostasis and how defects in the molecular apparatus for autophagy drive or accompany disease. Specific chapters in this new release include Crosstalk between autophagy and cell death signaling: mechanisms and therapeutic relevance, C. elegans to model autophagy-related human disorders, Autophagy in Kidney Disease: advances and therapeutic potential, Autophagy in Chronic Lung Disease, Autophagy in motoneuronal disorders, Strategies employed by viruses to manipulate autophagy, and much more. Provides an outstanding panel of recognized experts in the field who discuss the latest in autophagy Includes critical discussions of autophagy in the context of each major human disorder Models autophagy-related human pathologies in lower eukaryotes

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-28
ISBN : 0128094273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging is an eleven volume series that discusses in detail all aspects of autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. This series discusses the characterization of autophagosome-enriched vaccines and its efficacy in cancer immunotherapy. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to cellular processes while also inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Examines whether autophagy acts fundamentally as a cell survivor or cell death pathway or both Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation Features recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities, including atherosclerosis and CNS tumors, and their development and treatment Includes chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Exercise Autophagy and Chronic Diseases

Exercise  Autophagy and Chronic Diseases Book
Author : Ning Chen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 9811645256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book establishes a bridge between exercise-mediated functional status of autophagy and non-communicable chronic diseases for elucidating and clarifying the corresponding signal pathways and underlying mechanisms. The book consists of 13 chapters focusing on the in-depth discussion on signal pathways for regulating the functional status of autophagy for the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of chronic diseases, the optimization of exercise intervention strategies for common and frequently-occurring chronic diseases, and the development of exercise mimetic pills for the persons with disability for exercise performance, or the persons without willing to exercise. This book is interesting and will be useful to a wide readership in the various fields of exercise science, exercise fitness, sports medicine, preventive medicine, and functional foods.

Biochemistry of Apoptosis and Autophagy

Biochemistry of Apoptosis and Autophagy Book
Author : Lorrie A. Kirshenbaum
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-29
ISBN : 3030787990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the most intriguing and compelling issues to impact contemporary biology to date is the concept that cell death is genetically regulated. Observations by Kerr and Wyllie, made more than 30 years ago on the basis of distinct morphological criteria, markedly distinguished apoptosis from classical cell death by necrosis. Apoptosis is a highly regulated, evolutionary conserved, genetic program of cell death essential for normal development and tissue homeostasis. The discovery of apoptosis as a regulated event and potentially amenable to therapeutic interventions has generated considerable excitement because it meant that disease entities resulting from either too much, or too little, apoptosis could be potentially cured with new therapies that target apoptosis. While there is little doubt that necrosis induced by massive cellular trauma is likely an unregulated event, several lines of investigation have challenged the dogma that necrotic cell death is merely unregulated. Emerging data has shifted the paradigm in our thinking about necrosis as a regulated event. Autophagy is another cellular process that has received considerable attention over the past two decades and its remarkable involvement in the processes of cell survival, death and tumorigenesis. Macro autophagy is a catabolic process that involves the selective and targeted removal of oxidized proteins, macromolecular structures and organelles through an elaborate cellular process involving a lysosome mediated pathway. Other forms of autophagy involving adapter proteins, commonly referred to as chaperone mediated autophagy, involves the selective removal of cellular cargo by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. The book will serve as a reference guide for basic and clinical scientists who are interested in understanding how these critical cellular processes impact the pathogenesis of human disease.

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-26
ISBN : 0124055346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and up-to-date, this book offers a valuable guide to these cellular processes whilst encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Volume 3 explores the role of autophagy in specific diseases and developments, including: Crohn’s Disease, Gaucher Disease, Huntington’s Disease, HCV infection, osteoarthritis, and liver injury. A full section is devoted to in-depth exploration of autophagy in tumor development and cancer. Finally, the work explores the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis, with attention to the ways in which autophagy regulates apoptosis, and the ways in which autophagy has been explored in Lepidoptera, elucidating the use of larval midgut as a model for such exploration. From these well-developed foundations, researchers, translational scientists, and practitioners may work to better implement more effective therapies against some of the most devastating human diseases. Volumes in the Series

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-03
ISBN : 0124115144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging is a complete, authoritative examination of the role of autophagy in health and disease. Understanding this phenomenon is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward thinking, this four-volume work offers a valuable guide to cellular processes while encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Understanding the role of autophagy is critical, considering its association with numerous biological processes, including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological conditions mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. This work will broaden the knowledge base of academic and clinical professors, post-doctoral fellows, graduate and medical students regarding this vital biological process. Volumes in the Series

Autophagy Biology and Diseases

Autophagy  Biology and Diseases Book
Author : Weidong Le
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 9811542724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of 3 volumes: Basic Science (Volume 1), Clinical Science (Volume 2) and Technology and Methodology (Volume 3). Volume 2 focuses on the clinical aspects of autophagy research, discussing the role of autophagy in neuropsychiatric disorders, the cardiovascular, immune, digestive and endocrine systems, as well as tumors, infection, the kidney, and the respiratory and hematological systems. It also addresses autophagy-related drug development. Written and edited by a team of 90 experts, and presenting the state of the art in autophagy research, this book is a valuable reference resource for researchers and clinicians alike. It can also be used as supplementary material for graduate students majoring in biology and medicine

Cell Death

Cell Death Book
Author : Tobias Ntuli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-12-16
ISBN : 9535122363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of selected and relevant research, concerning the developments within the Cell Death field of study. Each contribution comes as a separate chapter complete in itself but directly related to the books topics and objectives. The target audience comprises scholars and specialists in the field.

Ferroptosis in Health and Disease

Ferroptosis in Health and Disease Book
Author : Daolin Tang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-10
ISBN : 3030267806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sheds new light on ferroptosis, as an only recently recognised form of regulated cell death. Its respective chapters address the numerous implications that ferroptosis can have for virtually all aspects of metabolism. They also share insights on the morphological characterisation of ferroptosis and highlight the different pathways of induction. Accordingly, the book offers a unique perspective on a mechanism that is involved in a multitude of pathologies, including cancer cell death, neurotoxicity, neurodegenerative diseases, acute renal failure, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, tissue ischemia/reperfusion injury, and T cell immunity. Readers will learn in which cell types this form of regulated cell death is likely to occur, and how it can be pharmacologically influenced, making the book a fascinating and informative read not only for scientists working in cell biology, but also for clinicians in the field of cancer research.

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-07-29
ISBN : 0124055354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes while inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Considering that autophagy is associated with numerous biological processes, including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases, there is a great need to understanding its role. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological situations (conditions) mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. Volumes in the Series

Autophagy in Current Trends in Cellular Physiology and Pathology

Autophagy in Current Trends in Cellular Physiology and Pathology Book
Author : Nikolai Gorbunov,E. Marion Schneider
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-11-10
ISBN : 9535127268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy in Current Trends in Cellular Physiology and Pathology is addressed to one of the fundamental molecular mechanisms - autophagy- evolutionarily adopted by cells for processing of unnecessary or malfunctioned constituents and shaping intracellular structures, adjusting them to environmental conditions, aging, disease, neoplasia, and damages over their life period. Particular attention is paid to autophagy-mediated barrier processes of selective sequestration and recycling of impaired organelles and degradation of invading microorganisms, that is, the processes sustaining intrinsic resistance to stress, tissue degeneration, toxic exposures, and infections. The presented topics encompass personal experience and visions of the chapter contributors and the editors; the book chapters include a broad analysis of literature on biology of autophagy.

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-17
ISBN : 0128029528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes while inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Volume 8 Autophagy and Human Diseases, concentrates on the role of Autophagy in human diseases, including tumorigenesis. The diseases discussed include melanoma, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders. Loss of autophagy in the central nervous system causes neurodegeneration (Alzheimers disease, Huntington’s disease, Parkin’s disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). Melanoma is one of the most serious diseases in humans. Autophagy plays a key role in the anticancer response to Chemotherapy. However, autophagy can increase or decrease the effectiveness of chemotherapy. The reasons for these contradictory effects are explained. Autophagy also plays a role in idiopathic inflammatory diseases, infection, and immunity. An explanation is given how autophagy is closely linked to control of innate and adaptive immune responses in host defense in part by regulating cytokine production. The role of autophagy in cutaneous malignant melanoma is discussed in detail and expression of Beclin 1 and LC3 autophagic genes in melanoma is included to explain the molecular mechanisms underlying this very serious disease, which tends to metastasize to the brain. The effect of the treatment of this disease using Terfenadine through the induction of autophagy and apoptosis is also included. Autophagy and apoptosis are two main mechanisms involved in programmed cell death. Considering that autophagy is associated with numerous biological processes including cellular development and differentiation, cancer (both antitumor and protumor functions), immunity, infectious diseases, inflammation, maintenance of homeostasis, response to cellular stress, and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson's, Huntington's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases, there is a great need to understanding its role. Cell homeostasis is achieved by balancing biosynthesis and cellular turnover. In spite of the increasing importance of autophagy in various pathophysiological situations (conditions) mentioned above, this process remains underestimated and overlooked. As a consequence, its role in the initiation, stability, maintenance, and progression of these and other diseases (e.g., autoimmune disease) remains poorly understood. Volumes in the Series

Muscle Cell and Tissue

Muscle Cell and Tissue Book
Author : Kunihiro Sakuma,Nobuo Morotomi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-07-07
ISBN : 1839686502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength substantially impairs physical performance and quality of life. This book details some approaches to the treatment of muscle wasting. It also reviews novel applications against pulmonary arterial hypertension such as cell reprogramming and the use of anticancer drugs that induce programmed cell death. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the most prevalent cell types in blood vessels and serve critical regulatory roles. This publication also introduces mathematical models concerning the molecular mechanism and targets of cyclic guanosine 3′,5′-monophosphate (cGMP) in the contraction of VSMCs. This book will be of interest to professionals in clinical practice, medical and health care students, and researchers working in muscle-related fields of science.

Autophagy in Health and Disease

Autophagy in Health and Disease Book
Author : Kursad Turksen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-06
ISBN : 3319981463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely volume explores the impact of autophagy in various human diseases, emphasizing the cell biological aspects and focusing on therapeutic approaches to these diseases. The chapters cover autophagy and its potential applications on diseases ranging from obesity, osteoarthritis, pulmonary fibrosis, and inflammation, through ALS, Parkinson's, retinal degeneration, breast cancer, alcoholic liver disease and more. The final chapters round out the book with a discussion of autophagy in drug discovery and 'bench to bedside'. Chapters are contributed by leading authorities and describe the general concepts of autophagy in health and disease, marrying cell biology and pharmacology and covering: studies derived from preclinical experiments, manufacturing considerations,and regulatory requirements pertaining to drug discovery and manufacturing and production. This volume will be useful for basic scientists as well as already practicing clinicians and advanced graduate students.

Innovative Medicine

Innovative Medicine Book
Author : Kazuwa Nakao,Nagahiro Minato,Shinji Uemoto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-13
ISBN : 4431556516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of “proof of concept”. There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Proteolytic Signaling in Health and Disease

Proteolytic Signaling in Health and Disease Book
Author : Andre Zelanis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-13
ISBN : 0323856977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, powered by evolving technologies and experimental design, studies have better illuminated the regulating role of proteolytic enzymes across human development and pathologies. Proteolytic Signaling in Health and Disease provides an in-depth discussion of fundamental physiological and developmental processes regulated by proteases, from protein turnover and autophagy to antigen processing and presentation and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. Moving on from basic biology, international chapter authors examine a range of pathological conditions associated with proteolysis, including inflammation, wound healing, and cancer. Later chapters discuss the newly discovered network of connected events among proteases (and their inhibitors), the so-called ‘protease web’, and how best to study it. This book also empowers new research with up-to-date analytical methods and step-by-step protocols for studying proteolytic signaling events. Examines biological events triggered by proteolytic enzyme activity across human development and pathologies Discusses the role of proteolytic signaling in inflammation, wound healing, and cancer, among other disease types Features methods and protocols supporting further study of proteolytic signaling events Includes chapter contributions from international leaders in the field

Autophagy of the Nervous System

Autophagy of the Nervous System Book
Author : Zhenyu Yue,Charleen T. Chu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9814350443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is autophagy? Why would neurons or other brain cells digest parts of themselves through autophagy? How can autophagy save the lives of cells under some conditions, but act as a culprit or accomplice to cell death in others? How does dysfunction of autophagy contribute to neurological diseases and can it be repaired or restored? This book addresses these questions and provide an expert view of the emerging concepts in autophagy research, focusing on autophagic processes and regulation in neurons. Current experimental evidence for both evolutionarily conserved and specialized regulatory mechanisms for autophagy in the mammalian nervous system will be presented. Advances in our understanding of the complex interplay of autophagy induction and downregulation will be discussed in relation to the critical balance needed to modulate neuroprotection versus neurodegeneration in the context of neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's, ischemic-hypoxic and lysosomal diseases.

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-07-28
ISBN : 0124055338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection and Aging, Volume 4 - Mitophagy presents detailed information on the role of mitophagy, the selective autophagy of mitochondria, in health and disease, by delivering an in-depth treatment of the molecular mechanisms involved in mitophagy initiation and execution, as well as the role of mitophagy in Parkinson's Disease, cardiac aging, and skeletal muscle atrophy. The most current understanding of the proteins and pathways involved in mitophagy are covered, with specific attention to Nix and Bnip3, PINK1/Parkin, Atg32, and FUNDC1. The role of mitophagy in cancer, neurodegeneration, aging, infection, and inflammation is also discussed providing essential insights into the pathogenesis of a variety of mitochondria dysfunction-related diseases. This book is an asset to newcomers as a concise overview of the current knowledge on mitophagy, while serving as an excellent update reference for more experienced scientists working on other aspects of autophagy. From these well-developed foundations, researchers, translational scientists, and practitioners may work to better implement more effective therapies against some of the most devastating human diseases. Volumes in the Series