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How Autonomous Vehicles Will Shape the Future of Surface Transportation

How Autonomous Vehicles Will Shape the Future of Surface Transportation Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommittee on Highways and Transit (2007- )
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download How Autonomous Vehicles Will Shape the Future of Surface Transportation book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommittee on Highways and Transit (2007- ), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Reliability of Autonomous Vehicles Under Collisions

The Reliability of Autonomous Vehicles Under Collisions Book
Author : Ibrahim Kutay Yilmazcoban
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unmanned autonomous vehicles (UAV) subject is one of the most conspicuous topics of the last decade ensures a better handling ability for more precision way of control of the system or the drive compared to the human. Focusing this issue causes the more computerized vehicles the less unacceptable mistakes. Notwithstanding the efficient drive parameters are increased, the collisions are still the worst scenarios for the vehicles that should be taken care of. The most reliable way to define the collision response of the vehicles and the occupants is crash tests, although it is time consuming. Except crash test is the most convenient procedure to define the details of the impact process; it is also the most expensive way even for the major companies and research centers. Considering the compelling pricey amount of the first investment of the crashworthiness facilities and the crash test costs, recently, computer-aided simulations with the finite element method (FEM) using an explicit dynamics approach is very convenient, especially for the transient dynamic analysis. This chapter characterizes some perspectives of the autonomous vehicles in a short glance of an enormous science of the collisions with the help of experimental and numerical approaches.

Autonomous Driving

Autonomous Driving Book
Author : Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-21
ISBN : 3662488477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies? Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatment of the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles

Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles 2004 IAV 2004

Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles 2004  IAV 2004  Book
Author : J. Santos-Victor,M. I. Ribeiro
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles 2004 IAV 2004 book written by J. Santos-Victor,M. I. Ribeiro, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reinforcement Learning for Autonomous Vehicles

Reinforcement Learning for Autonomous Vehicles Book
Author : Jeffrey Roderick Norman Forbes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Reinforcement Learning for Autonomous Vehicles book written by Jeffrey Roderick Norman Forbes, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Undersea Teleoperators and Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles

Undersea Teleoperators and Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles Book
Author : Norman Doelling,Elizabeth T. Harding
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Undersea Teleoperators and Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles book written by Norman Doelling,Elizabeth T. Harding, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autonomous Vehicles and the Law

Autonomous Vehicles and the Law Book
Author : Hannah YeeFen Lim
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2021-04-15
ISBN : 1788115112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autonomous vehicles have attracted a great deal of attention in the media, however there are some inconsistencies between the perception of autonomous vehicles’ capabilities and their actual functions. This book provides an accessible explanation of how autonomous vehicles function, suggesting appropriate regulatory responses to the existing and emerging technology.

Envisioning Robots in Society Power Politics and Public Space

Envisioning Robots in Society     Power  Politics  and Public Space Book
Author : M. Coeckelbergh,J. Loh,M. Funk
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 1614999317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Robots are predicted to play a role in many aspects of our lives in the future, affecting work, personal relationships, education, business, law, medicine and the arts. As they become increasingly intelligent, autonomous, and communicative, they will be able to function in ever more complex physical and social surroundings, transforming the practices, organizations, and societies in which they are embedded. This book presents the proceedings of the Robophilosophy 2018 conference, held in Vienna, Austria, from 14 to 7 February 2018. The third event in the Robophilosophy Conference Series, the conference was entitled Envisioning Robots in Society – Politics, Power, and Public Space. It focused on the societal, economic, and political issues related to social robotics. The book is divided into two parts and an Epilogue. Part I, entitled Keynotes, contains abstracts of the keynotes and two longer papers. Part II is divided into 7 subject sections containing 37 papers. Subjects covered include robots in public spaces; politics and law; work and business; military robotics; and policy. The book provides an overview of the questions, answers, and approaches that are currently at the heart of both academic and public discussions. The contributions collected here will be of interest to researchers and policy makers alike, as well as other stakeholders.

Electro optical Technology for Autonomous Vehicles February 6 7 1980 Los Angeles CA

Electro optical Technology for Autonomous Vehicles  February 6 7  1980  Los Angeles  CA Book
Author : Ronald N. Hubbard,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Electro optical Technology for Autonomous Vehicles February 6 7 1980 Los Angeles CA book written by Ronald N. Hubbard,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution

The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution Book
Author : George Giannopoulos, DIC, MSc, PhD,John F. Munro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 0128138041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution: A Global, Case Study-based Assessment of Current Experience, Cross-sectorial Effects and Socioeconomic Transformations, offers a comprehensive view of current state-of-the-art and practices around the world to create innovation on a revolutionary scale and connect research to commercial exploitation of its results. It offers a fascinating new model of the innovation process based on theories of biological ecosystems, general systems theory and basins of attraction (represented through space-time graphs well known in mathematics). Furthermore, it considers - through a number of dedicated chapters - key issues and elements of innovation ecosystems, such as: Causal Factors and system constraints affecting the development and sustainability of innovation ecosystems (Chapter 4); Review of innovation organization and governance in key countries and regions (Chapter 5); the role of technological "Spillovers" (Chapter 6); Collection and use of data for innovation monitoring and benchmarking (Chapter 7); Intellectual Property protection between competing ecosystems (Chapter 8); Economics of innovation (Chapter 9); Public and private sector involvement in Transport innovation creation (Chapter 10); the role of the individual entrepreneur - innovator in energizing change (Chapter 11). Finally, in Chapter 12, there is a thorough summary of key findings. This book uses a paradigmatic approach to augment the innovation ecosystem model of innovation that integrates beliefs and learning into the innovation ecosystems model. It therefore includes ten case studies from the U.S., Europe and Asia, detailing how innovation is created across continents and different ecosystems and what are the critical lessons to be learned. It does this, effectively, at five different levels of analysis i.e. the individual innovator / entrepreneur level, the organization level (government agency or company), the regional ecosystem level, the nation-state level and the global - systemic or international level. Each level of analysis, reveals unique features of the innovation landscape and the ten case studies allow the reader to assess when and where specific "enablers" are facilitating innovation especially on a revolutionary scale. The need for the book came from the realization that despite the billions of dollars spent on various research programs over the past 20 years (especially in the public sector), there have been few clear and tangible efforts directed at exploring how innovation production increasingly occurs and the critical factors necessary to sustain large-scale, revolutionary change as the future unfolds. Thus, a primary theme of the book is that understanding how research results translate into market innovation and implementation, especially understanding the nature of revolutionary innovation, is as important as the creation of innovations themselves. While the focus of the book is on Transportation, the concepts and recommendations presented apply to other fields too. Formulates and presents a workable and comprehensive new model of innovation Defines and analyzes many concepts and notions related to innovation, research and market implementation Examines the critical factors affecting innovation production and successful commercial implementation of research results Examines organizational models of coordination, governance, data collection, process analysis and use of intellectual property tools Includes recent, well-researched and documented case studies of successful innovation ecosystems across the world mainly - but not only - in the Transport field

Public Roads

Public Roads Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Learning to Drive

Learning to Drive Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Stanford University
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every year, 1.2 million people die in automobile accidents and up to 50 million are injured. Many of these deaths are due to driver error and other preventable causes. Autonomous or highly aware cars have the potential to positively impact tens of millions of people. Building an autonomous car is not easy. Although the absolute number of traffic fatalities is tragically large, the failure rate of human driving is actually very small. A human driver makes a fatal mistake once in about 88 million miles. As a co-founding member of the Stanford Racing Team, we have built several relevant prototypes of autonomous cars. These include Stanley, the winner of the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge and Junior, the car that took second place in the 2007 Urban Challenge. These prototypes demonstrate that autonomous vehicles can be successful in challenging environments. Nevertheless, reliable, cost-effective perception under uncertainty is a major challenge to the deployment of robotic cars in practice. This dissertation presents selected perception technologies for autonomous driving in the context of Stanford's autonomous cars. We consider speed selection in response to terrain conditions, smooth road finding, improved visual feature optimization, and cost effective car detection. Our work does not rely on manual engineering or even supervised machine learning. Rather, the car learns on its own, training itself without human teaching or labeling. We show this "self-supervised" learning often meets or exceeds traditional methods. Furthermore, we feel self-supervised learning is the only approach with the potential to provide the very low failure rates necessary to improve on human driving performance.

Autonomous Vehicles

Autonomous Vehicles Book
Author : Clifford Winston,Quentin Karpilow
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 0815738587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Better public policies can make the road smoother for self-driving vehicles and the society that soon will depend on them. Whether you find the idea of autonomous vehicles to be exciting or frightening, the truth is that they will soon become a significant everyday presence on streets and highways—not just a novel experiment attracting attention or giggles and sparking fears of runaway self-driving cars. The emergence of these vehicles represents a watershed moment in the history of transportation. If properly encouraged, this innovation promises not only to vastly improve road travel and generate huge benefits to travelers and businesses, but to also benefit the entire economy by reducing congestion and virtually eliminating vehicle accidents. The impacts of autonomous vehicles on land use, employment, and public finance are likely to be mixed. But widely assumed negative effects are generally overstated because they ignore plausible adjustments by the public and policymakers that could ameliorate them. This book by two transportation experts argues that policy analysts can play an important and constructive role in identifying and analyzing important policy issues and necessary steps to ease the advent of autonomous vehicles. Among the actions that governments must take are creating a framework for vehicle testing, making appropriate investments in the technology of highway networks to facilitate communication involving autonomous vehicles, and reforming pricing and investment policies to enable operation of autonomous vehicles to be safe and efficient. The authors argue that policymakers at all levels of government must address these and other issues sooner rather than later. Prompt and effective actions outlined in this book are necessary to ensure that autonomous vehicles will be safe and efficient when the public begins to adopt them as replacements for current vehicles.

Autonomous Tech

Autonomous Tech Book
Author : Elliott Eddings
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-03-18
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A self-driving car, also known as an autonomous vehicle (AV or auto), driverless car, or robo-car is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and moving safely with little or no human input. Self-driving cars have become a popular subject of discussion these days, and for good reason: driverless cars might just bring about the biggest societal revolution since, well, the industrial revolution, and it appears that everyone's getting in on it. Driverless cars stand to solve all sorts of problems, like traffic delays and traffic collisions caused by driver error, but it doesn't stop there: autonomous vehicles will bring to market all sorts of new and exciting applications for a variety of industries, like shipping, transportation, and emergency transportation. This book explores the dynamics that are being conjured up today in the self-driving ecosystem to gain a competitive edge. While incumbents re-brand themselves as mobility companies to be market-relevant, new entrants find differentiated revenue channels in industries awaiting disruption. Scroll up and click buy now.

Culturally Sustainable Social Robotics

Culturally Sustainable Social Robotics Book
Author : M. Nørskov,J. Seibt,O.S. Quick
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2021-01-04
ISBN : 1643681559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of social robotics has enormous projected economic significance. However, social robots not only present us with novel opportunities but also with novel risks that go far beyond safety issues. It is a potentially highly disruptive technology which could negatively affect the most valuable parts of the fabric of human social interactions in irreparable ways. Since engineering educations do not yet offer the necessary competences to analyze, holistically assess, and constructively mitigate these risks, new alliances must be established between engineering and SSH disciplines, with special emphasis on the humanities (i.e. disciplines specializing in the analysis of socio-cultural interactions and human experience). The Robophilosophy Conference Series was established in 2014 with the purpose of creating a new forum and catalyzing the research discussion in this important area of applied humanities research, with focus on robophilosophy. Robophilosophy conferences have been the world’s largest venues for humanities research in and on social robotics. The book at hand presents the proceedings of Robophilosophy Conference 2020: Culturally Sustainable Social Robotics, the fourth event in the international, biennial Robophilosophy Conference Series, which brought together close to 400 participants from 29 countries. The speakers of the conference, whose contributions are collected in this volume, were invited to offer concrete proposals for how the Humanities can help to shape a future where social robotics is guided by the goals of enhancing socio-cultural values rather than by utility alone. The book is divided into 3 parts; Abstracts of Plenaries, which contains 6 plenary sessions; Session Papers, with 44 papers under 8 thematic categories; and Workshops, containing 25 items on 5 selected topics. Providing concrete proposals from philosophers and other SSH researchers for new models and methods, this book will be of interest to all those involved in developing artificial ‘social’ agents in a culturally sustainable way that is also – a fortiori – ethically responsible.

Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations

Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Naval Studies Board,Committee on Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-09-05
ISBN : 0309096766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autonomous vehicles (AVs) have been used in military operations for more than 60 years, with torpedoes, cruise missiles, satellites, and target drones being early examples.1 They have also been widely used in the civilian sector--for example, in the disposal of explosives, for work and measurement in radioactive environments, by various offshore industries for both creating and maintaining undersea facilities, for atmospheric and undersea research, and by industry in automated and robotic manufacturing. Recent military experiences with AVs have consistently demonstrated their value in a wide range of missions, and anticipated developments of AVs hold promise for increasingly significant roles in future naval operations. Advances in AV capabilities are enabled (and limited) by progress in the technologies of computing and robotics, navigation, communications and networking, power sources and propulsion, and materials. Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations is a forward-looking discussion of the naval operational environment and vision for the Navy and Marine Corps and of naval mission needs and potential applications and limitations of AVs. This report considers the potential of AVs for naval operations, operational needs and technology issues, and opportunities for improved operations.

The Law and Autonomous Vehicles

The Law and Autonomous Vehicles Book
Author : Matthew Channon,Lucy McCormick,Kyriaki Noussia
Publisher : Contemporary Commercial Law
Release : 2019-01-21
ISBN : 9781138235960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When will we see autonomous vehicles on our roads? The answer is that to some degree, they are already here. Numerous organisations are testing fully autonomous prototypes on public roads in the UK, and even commercially available vehicles already have several 'quasi-autonomous' features. KPMG has forecasted that the connected and autonomous vehicles market could be worth as much as £51 billion to the British economy by 2030 and could create some 30,000 new jobs over the same period. Accordingly, the UK and a number of other jurisdictions are already implementing legal reforms with a view to smoothing the path for this technology. Notably, Parliament has passed the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018 dealing with the insurance of such vehicles, and changes are currently being made to the Road Vehicle (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986 and to the Highway Code to accommodate highly automated technologies. The government has also issued non-statutory guidance in relation to testing on public roads, and in relation to vehicle cybersecurity. Against this rapidly changing landscape, this book analyses the key legal issues facing autonomous vehicles, including testing on public roads, insurance, product liability, and cyber security and data protection. It also examines the approach being taken in other jurisdictions, including Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, the USA, and South Africa.

Terrain Aided Localisation of Autonomous Vehicles in Unstructured Environments

Terrain Aided Localisation of Autonomous Vehicles in Unstructured Environments Book
Author : Rajmohan Madhavan
Publisher : Universal-Publishers
Release : 2003-03-08
ISBN : 1581121776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis is concerned with the theoretical and practical development of reliable and robust localisation algorithms for autonomous land vehicles operating at high speeds in unstructured, expansive and harsh environments. Localisation is the ability of a vehicle to determine its position and orientation within an operating environment. The need for such a localisation system is motivated by the requirement of developing autonomous vehicles in applications such as mining, agriculture and cargo handling. The main drivers in these applications are for safety, efficiency and productivity. The approach taken to the localisation problem in this thesis guarantees that the safety and reliability requirements imposed by such applications are achieved. The approach also aims to minimise the engineering or modification of the environment, such as adding artificial landmarks or other infrastructure. This is a key driver in the practical implementation of a localisation algorithm. In pursuit of these objectives, this thesis makes the following principal contributions: 1. The development of an Iterative Closest Point - Extended Kalman Filter (ICP-EKF) algorithm - a map-based iconic algorithm that utilises measurements from a scanning laser rangefinder to achieve localisation. The ICP-EKF algorithm entails the development of a map-building algorithm. The main attraction of the map-based localisation algorithm is that it works directly on sensed data and thus does not require extraction and matching of features. It also explicitly takes into account the uncertainty associated with measurements and has the ability to include measurements from a variety of different sensors. 2. The development and implementation of an entropy-based metric to evaluate the information content of measurements. This metric facilitates the augmentation of landmarks to the ICP-EKF algorithm thus guaranteeing reliable and robust localisation. 3. The development and adaptation of a view-invariant Curvature Scale Space (CSS) landmark extraction algorithm. The algorithm is sufficiently robust to sensor noise and is capable of reliably detecting and extracting landmarks that are naturally present in the environment from laser rangefinder scans. 4. The integration of the information metric and the CSS and ICP-EKF algorithms to arrive at a unified localisation framework that uses measurements from both artificial and natural landmarks, combined with dead-reckoning sensors, to deliver reliable vehicle position estimates. The localisation framework developed is sufficiently generic to be used on a variety of other autonomous land vehicle systems. This is demonstrated by its implementation using field data collected from three different trials on three different vehicles. The first trial was carried out on a four-wheel drive vehicle in an underground mine tunnel. The second trial was conducted on a Load-Haul-Dump (LHD) truck in a test tunnel constructed to emulate an underground mine. The estimates of the proposed localisation algorithms are compared to the ground truth provided by an artificial landmark-based localisation algorithm that uses bearing measurements from a laser. To demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of both the natural landmark extraction and localisation algorithms, these are also implemented on a utility vehicle in an outdoor area within the University's campus. The results demonstrate the robustness of the proposed localisation algorithms in producing reliable and accurate position estimates for autonomous vehicles operating in a variety of unstructured domains.

Automatic Laser Calibration Mapping and Localization for Autonomous Vehicles

Automatic Laser Calibration  Mapping  and Localization for Autonomous Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Stanford University
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation presents several related algorithms that enable important capabilities for self-driving vehicles. Using a rotating multi-beam laser rangefinder to sense the world, our vehicle scans millions of 3D points every second. Calibrating these sensors plays a crucial role in accurate perception, but manual calibration is unreasonably tedious, and generally inaccurate. As an alternative, we present an unsupervised algorithm for automatically calibrating both the intrinsics and extrinsics of the laser unit from only seconds of driving in an arbitrary and unknown environment. We show that the results are not only vastly easier to obtain than traditional calibration techniques, they are also more accurate. A second key challenge in autonomous navigation is reliable localization in the face of uncertainty. Using our calibrated sensors, we obtain high resolution infrared reflectivity readings of the world. From these, we build large-scale self-consistent probabilistic laser maps of urban scenes, and show that we can reliably localize a vehicle against these maps to within centimeters, even in dynamic environments, by fusing noisy GPS and IMU readings with the laser in realtime. We also present a localization algorithm that was used in the DARPA Urban Challenge, which operated without a prerecorded laser map, and allowed our vehicle to complete the entire six-hour course without a single localization failure. Finally, we present a collection of algorithms for the mapping and detection of traffic lights in realtime. These methods use a combination of computer-vision techniques and probabilistic approaches to incorporating uncertainty in order to allow our vehicle to reliably ascertain the state of traffic-light-controlled intersections.