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Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Ruud M. Buijs,Dick F. Swaab
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 044453492X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autonomic Nervous System provides an introduction to the latest science and detailed chapters on advances in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of autonomic system disorders. The autonomic nervous system controls all involuntary actions within the human nervous system. Core body functions regulated by the autonomic system include breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, body temperature, perspiration, and bowel, bladder and sexual function. Our understanding of the neurotransmitters associated with the autonomic nervous system has expanded over the past 15 years associated with current research efforts and are now impacting the diagnosis and treatment of autonomic nervous system disorders by clinical neurologists. This volume is a valuable companion for neuroscience and clinical neurology researchers and practitioners. A volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, which has an unparalleled reputation as the world's most comprehensive source of information in neurology International list of contributors, including the leading workers in the field Describes the advances that have occurred in clinical neurology and the neurosciences and their impact on the understanding of neurological disorders and on patient care

Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System

Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : David Robertson,Italo Biaggioni
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123865255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System presents, in a readable and accessible format, key information about how the autonomic nervous system controls the body, particularly in response to stress. It represents the largest collection of world-wide autonomic nervous system authorities ever assembled in one book. It is especially suitable for students, scientists and physicians seeking key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology in one convenient source. Providing up-to-date knowledge about basic and clinical autonomic neuroscience in a format designed to make learning easy and fun, this book is a must-have for any neuroscientist's bookshelf! Greatly amplified and updated from previous edition including the latest developments in the field of autonomic cardiovascular regulation and neuroscience Provides key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology Discusses stress and how its effects on the body are mediated Compiles contributions by over 140 experts on the autonomic nervous system

The Autonomic Nervous System

The Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : John Newport Langley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1921
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Langley defined the autonomic nervous system as an efferent system. He divided it into the orthosympathetic and the parasympathetic.

Clinical Assessment of the Autonomic Nervous System

Clinical Assessment of the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Satoshi Iwase,Junichiro Hayano,Satoshi Orimo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-08
ISBN : 4431560122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes newly developed methods of assessing the autonomic nervous system. Up-to-date information on microneurographic analysis of human cardiovascular and thermoregulatory function in humans, heart rate variability, and 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy are provided. Microneurography, which was originally developed as a technique to analyze the afferent muscle spindle, came to be used to analyze sympathetic nerve activity in the mid-1980s. In the twenty-first century, this technique has become prevalent all over the world especially in investigating the pathophysiology of human cardiovascular function. It is also now used in researching human thermoregulatory function. Heart rate variability is another valuable tool in investigating the current status of human vagal function and in predicting future cardiovascular disease. MIBG is also used to assess cardiac noradrenergic function, especially decreases associated with Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body disease, and multisystem atrophy. Overviews of recent advances in these three important assessments are provided by leading experts.Clinical Assessment of the Autonomic Nervous System is a useful resource for neurologists and researchers of clinical neurophysiology.

Handbook of the Autonomic Nervous System in Health and Disease

Handbook of the Autonomic Nervous System in Health and Disease Book
Author : Liana Bolis,Julio Licinio,Stefano Govoni
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-10-29
ISBN : 9780203908891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines the role of the ANS in the maintenance and control of bodily homeostasis, as well as in the pathogenesis, pathophysiology, and treatment of disorders such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, asthma, arrhythmia, diabetes, ischemia, myocardial infarction, urinary retention, and depression.

Development of the Autonomic Nervous System

Development of the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Katherine Elliott,Geralyn Lawrenson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-09-14
ISBN : 047071834X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System

Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Francesco Amenta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-06-16
ISBN : 9780849369810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System is the first book devoted to the aging of the autonomic nervous system. The book presents the most recent findings on topics such as general aspects of the autonomic nervous system, main neurotransmitter systems, age-dependent changes of neuroeffector mechanisms in target organs, and therapeutic perspectives. It also provides a comprehensive analysis of the possible consequences of these findings. Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System will be a useful volume for gerontologists and neuroscientists.

Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System

Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : David Robertson,Phillip A. Low,Ronald J. Polinsky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-06-02
ISBN : 0080473962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System presents, in a readable and accessible format, key information about how the autonomic nervous system controls the body, particularly in response to stress. It represents the largest collection of world-wide autonomic nervous system authorities ever assembled in one book. It is especially suitable for students, scientists and physicians seeking key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology in one convenient source. Providing up-to-date knowledge about basic and clinical autonomic neuroscience in a format designed to make learning easy and fun, this book is a must-have for any neuroscientist’s bookshelf! * Greatly amplified and updated from previous edition including the latest developments in the field of autonomic cardiovascular regulation and neuroscience * Provides key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology * Discusses stress and how its effects on the body are mediated * Compiles contributions by over 140 experts on the autonomic nervous system

Peripheral Nerve Disorders

Peripheral Nerve Disorders Book
Author : Roy Freeman,Mark W. Chapleau
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-17
ISBN : 0128078383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autonomic testing is used to define the role of the autonomic nervous system in diverse clinical and research settings. Because most of the autonomic nervous system is inaccessible to direct physiological testing, in the clinical setting the most widely used techniques entail the assessment of an end-organ response to a physiological provocation. The noninvasive measures of cardiovascular parasympathetic function involve the assessment of heart rate variability while the measures of cardiovascular sympathetic function assess the blood pressure response to physiological stimuli. Tilt-table testing, with or without pharmacological provocation, has become an important tool in the assessment of a predisposition to neurally mediated (vasovagal) syncope, the postural tachycardia syndrome, and orthostatic hypotension. Distal, postganglionic, sympathetic cholinergic (sudomotor) function may be evaluated by provoking axon reflex mediated sweating, e.g., the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex (QSART) or the quantitative direct and indirect axon reflex (QDIRT). The thermoregulatory sweat test provides a nonlocalizing measure of global pre- and postganglionic sudomotor function. Frequency domain analyses of heart rate and blood pressure variability, microneurography, and baroreflex assessment are currently research tools but may find a place in the clinical assessment of autonomic function in the future.

Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Daniel Pedro Cardinali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-04
ISBN : 9783319861975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A traditional view of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) considers only its peripheral part: the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. However, this view misses to consider the most important ANS function: the maintenance of homeostasis. This term is used today to define not only the strategies that allow the body proper response to changes in the environment (reactive homeostasis), but also temporal mechanisms that allow the body to predict the most likely timing of environmental stimuli (predictive homeostasis based on biological rhythms). This book discusses the ANS from both an enlarged and a timed perspective. First, it presents how the organization of the ANS is hierarchical into different levels. Following that, the book discusses how the ANS changes functionally in the three-body configurations (wakefulness, slow sleep, rapid eye movement sleep) found in a 24-hour cycle. Finally, the most important clinical implications of this enlarged and timed vision of ANS will be discussed. Autonomic Nervous System – Basic and Clinical Aspects is a comprehensive text intended for medical students and health professionals who are interested in a deeper approach to this important part of the nervous system. It provides a detailed and complete understanding of the neuroscience behind the ANS, allowing a proper clinical applicability of this knowledge.

The Autonomic Nervous System and Exercise

The Autonomic Nervous System and Exercise Book
Author : J. Hilary Green
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489929193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Autonomic Nervous System and Exercise book written by J. Hilary Green, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Qi Fu,Benjamin D. Levine
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 0128079878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The autonomic nervous system plays a crucial role in the cardiovascular response to acute (dynamic) exercise in animals and humans. During exercise, oxygen uptake is a function of the triple-product of heart rate and stroke volume (i.e., cardiac output) and arterial-mixed venous oxygen difference (the Fick principle). The degree to which each of the variables can increase determines maximal oxygen uptake (). Both “central command” and “the exercise pressor reflex” are important in determining the cardiovascular response and the resetting of the arterial baroreflex during exercise to precisely match systemic oxygen delivery with metabolic demand. In general, patients with autonomic disorders have low levels of , indicating reduced physical fitness and exercise capacity. Moreover, the vast majority of the patients have blunted or abnormal cardiovascular response to exercise, especially during maximal exercise. There is now convincing evidence that some of the protective and therapeutic effects of chronic exercise training are related to the impact on the autonomic nervous system. Additionally, training induced improvement in vascular function, blood volume expansion, cardiac remodeling, insulin resistance and renal-adrenal function may also contribute to the protection and treatment of cardiovascular, metabolic and autonomic disorders. Exercise training also improves mental health, helps to prevent depression, and promotes or maintains positive self-esteem. Moderate-intensity exercise at least 30 minutes per day and at least 5 days per week is recommended for the vast majority of people. Supervised exercise training is preferable to maximize function capacity, and may be particularly important for patients with autonomic disorders.

Autonomic Failure

Autonomic Failure Book
Author : Christopher J. Mathias,Sir Roger Bannister
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-06-13
ISBN : 0198566344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, and continues to provide practitioners from a variety of fields with a rational guide to aid in the recognition and management of autonomic disorders.

Structure of the Autonomic Nervous System

Structure of the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : G. Gabella
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400957459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A conspicuous portion of the peripheral nervous system is part of the 'vegetative nervous system'; it includes all the neurons which innerv ate the viscera, salivary and lacrimal glands, the heart and blood vessels, all other smooth muscles of the body, notably the intrinsic muscles of the eye and the muscles of the hair. Only part of the system belongs to the peripheral nervous system: it has also its own nuclei and pathways in the central nervous system. The distinction between visceral and somatic functions is a very old one in our culture. With the development of neurology the notion of a widespread nervous control of body functions emerged. Winslow (1732) used the term nervi sympathici majores for those nerves, which he thought to carry about 'sympathies' and then co ordinate various viscera's functions. His was an anatomical break through, which obscured Willis' 'intercostal nerve' and Vesalius 'cranial nerve'. The notion was developed among others by John stone (1764) who arrived, with the aid of some very accurate anatomical observations, at the problem of the nervous influence on motion and sensitivity of viscera. By the end of the eighteenth century, it was clear, with Bichat (1800), that what he called 'sympa thetic nervous system' (and his pupil Reil, a few years later, 'vegeta tive nervous system ') controlled visceral functions (fa vie organique), whereas somatic functions (fa vie animafe) were under direct control from the brain and spinal cord.

The Role of the Autonomic Nervous System in Psychiatry

The Role of the Autonomic Nervous System in Psychiatry Book
Author : Jill Karatinos M.D.
Publisher : Jill Karatinos M.D.
Release : 2014-09-30
ISBN : 0578131781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Role of The Autonomic Nervous System in Psychiatry was published September 30, 2014, ISBN number: 978-0-578-13178-8. This book is written by a neuropsychiatrist in private practice (Jill Karatinos, M.D) to explore novel treatments for 18 complex patients. All patients have multiple psychiatric and medical diagnoses. This naturalistic study contrasts with academic clinical research in that the academic patients in randomized, placebo- controlled trials (RPCTs) are restricted to having only one diagnosis. This is rarely, if ever, encountered in clinical practice, where multiple diagnoses are the norm. Further, psychotherapy by the psychiatrist is included as part of the treatment here, whereas most psychotherapy nowadays is done by referral to psychologists or social workers. The second unusual feature of this book is the autonomic nervous system (ANS) as a focus of treatment. The ANS is the brain and peripheral neural circuitry governing involuntary physiology, such as blood pressure, heart rate, immunity, respiration, digestion, urination, sleep, pain, addiction, fatigue, and sexual and endocrine function. Although the book aims to share information with doctors and neuroscientists, an average person curious about abnormal mental conditions would also enjoy peeking into a psychiatrist's office to see what can be done for these patients.

Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Giuseppe Mancia,Guido Grassi
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 0128080000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sympathetic nervous system participates in the development and progression of the essential hypertensive state, as shown by increased circulating plasma levels of the adrenergic neurotransmitter norepinephrine, elevated norepinephrine spillover rate, and augmented sympathetic nerve traffic discharge detected in the high blood pressure state. In addition, the sympathetic overdrive participates in the development of the metabolic disarray as well as target organ damage frequently detected in this condition. The above mentioned sympathetic abnormalities explain why adrenergic overdrive represents an important therapeutic target in the treatment of hypertension.

Integrative Action of the Autonomic Nervous System

Integrative Action of the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Wilfrid Jänig
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-06-26
ISBN : 1139456776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost all bodily functions are dependent on the functioning of the autonomic nervous system - from the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, the evacuative and sexual organs, to the regulation of temperature, metabolism and tissue defence. Balanced functioning of this system is an important basis of our life and well-being. This book gives a detailed description of the cellular and integrative organization of the autonomic nervous system, covering both peripheral and central aspects. It brings to light modern neurobiological concepts that allow understanding of why the healthy system runs so smoothly and why its deterioration has such disastrous consequences. This academic reference volume will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying the neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system within the various biological and medical sciences and will give access to ideas propagated in psychosomatic and alternative medicines.

Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Geoffrey Burnstock
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 0128079770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

After some early hints, cotransmission was proposed in 1976 and then “chemical coding” later established for sympathetic nerves (noradrenaline/norepinephrine, adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP), and neuropeptide Y), parasympathetic nerves (acetylcholine, ATP, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)), enteric nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory nerves (ATP, nitric oxide, and VIP), and sensory-motor nerves (calcitonin gene-related peptide, substance P, and ATP). ATP is a primitive signaling molecule that has been retained as a cotransmitter in most, if not all, nerve types in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuropeptides coreleased with small molecule neurotransmitters in autonomic nerves do not usually act as cotransmitters but rather as prejunctional neuromodulators or trophic factors. Autonomic cotransmission offers subtle, local variation in physiological control mechanisms, rather than the dominance of inflexible central control mechanisms envisaged earlier. The variety of information imparted by a single neuron then greatly increases the sophistication and complexity of local control mechanisms. Cotransmitter composition shows considerable plasticity in development and aging, in pathophysiological conditions and following trauma or surgery. For example, ATP appears to become a more prominent cotransmitter in inflammatory and stress conditions.

Integrative Functions of the Autonomic Nervous System

Integrative Functions of the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Chandler McC. Brooks,Chandler McCuskey Brooks,Kiyomi Koizumi,Akio Sato
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Integrative Functions of the Autonomic Nervous System book written by Chandler McC. Brooks,Chandler McCuskey Brooks,Kiyomi Koizumi,Akio Sato, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nutrition and the Autonomic Nervous System

Nutrition and the Autonomic Nervous System Book
Author : Nicholas Gonzalez
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-02-15
ISBN : 9780998546001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Nicholas Gonzalez details scientific principles and powerful tools to improve health and well-being to combat any disease. By utilizing various combinations of nutrition and supplements to balance the Autonomic Nervous System, he explains how our bodies were designed to be well and can heal themselves without drugs. The prevailing mindset of the conventional medical community, pharmaceutical companies and diet "experts" are biased towards a "one size fits all" approach. This book details how Drs. Pottenger, Gellhorn, Kelley and Gonzalez used evidence-based science along with observational and clinical experience to create medical theories that explain why no one ideal diet suits everyone and prove the effectiveness of individualized diets ranging from vegetarian to carnivore.