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Atomic Force Microscopy In Process Engineering

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Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering

Atomic Force Microscopy in Process Engineering Book
Author : W. Richard Bowen,Nidal Hilal
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-06-30
ISBN : 9780080949574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book to bring together both the basic theory and proven process engineering practice of AFM. It is presented in a way that is accessible and valuable to practising engineers as well as to those who are improving their AFM skills and knowledge, and to researchers who are developing new products and solutions using AFM. The book takes a rigorous and practical approach that ensures it is directly applicable to process engineering problems. Fundamentals and techniques are concisely described, while specific benefits for process engineering are clearly defined and illustrated. Key content includes: particle-particle, and particle-bubble interactions; characterization of membrane surfaces; the development of fouling resistant membranes; nanoscale pharmaceutical analysis; nanoengineering for cellular sensing; polymers on surfaces; micro and nanoscale rheometry. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an important tool for process engineers and scientists as it enables improved processes and products The only book dealing with the theory and practical applications of atomic force microscopy in process engineering Provides best-practice guidance and experience on using AFM for process and product improvement

Nonlinear Spatio temporal Dynamics of the Scan Process in Atomic Force Microscopy

Nonlinear Spatio temporal Dynamics of the Scan Process in Atomic Force Microscopy Book
Author : Sharon Hornstein,Ṭekhniyon, Makhon ṭekhnologi le-Yiśraʼel. Faḳulṭah le-handasat mekhonot
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nonlinear Spatio temporal Dynamics of the Scan Process in Atomic Force Microscopy book written by Sharon Hornstein,Ṭekhniyon, Makhon ṭekhnologi le-Yiśraʼel. Faḳulṭah le-handasat mekhonot, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nonlinearity Bifurcation and Chaos

Nonlinearity  Bifurcation and Chaos Book
Author : Jan Awrejcewicz,Peter Hagedorn
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-10-24
ISBN : 9535108166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonlinearity, Bifurcation and Chaos - Theory and Application is an edited book focused on introducing both theoretical and application oriented approaches in science and engineering. It contains 12 chapters, and is recommended for university teachers, scientists, researchers, engineers, as well as graduate and post-graduate students either working or interested in the field of nonlinearity, bifurcation and chaos.

On Advancement of High Speed Atomic Force Microscope Technology

On Advancement of High Speed Atomic Force Microscope Technology Book
Author : Kimberly E. SooHoo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High speed atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a developing process in which nanoscale objects, such as crystal structures or strands of DNA, can be imaged at rates fast enough to watch processes as they occur. Although current generation AFM is already pivotal in many fields of research and industry, slow scan rates inhibit the imaging of dynamic samples. Much advancement has been made in high speed AFM thus far, yet many subsystems remain to be developed. This thesis outlines the development of a feedback controller for the AFM scanner, as well as the filters designed to attenuate high frequency noise. A comparison of the scan signals and scanner output signals are compared, with and without the controller and filters. Post-data acquisition image processing techniques are also described and compared with raw data. Finally, these techniques are applied to the high speed imaging of calcite etched with hydrochloric acid.

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Sacide Alsoy Altinkaya,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 1351715267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials Book
Author : Marc Descamps
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-28
ISBN : 3527652728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A one-stop resource for researchers, developers, and post graduate students in pharmaceutical science. This handbook and ready reference provides detailed, but not overloaded information -- presenting the topic without unnecessarily complex formalism. As such, it gives a systematic and coherent overview of disordered materials for pharmaceutical applications, covering fundamental aspects, as well as preparation and characterization techniques for the target-oriented development of drug delivery systems based on disordered crystals and amorphous solids. Special attention is paid to examine the different facets and levels of disorder in their structural and dynamic aspects as well as the effect of disorder on dissolution and stability. Chapters on processing induced disorder and on patenting issues round off the book. As a result the book helps overcoming the challenges of using these materials in the pharmaceutical industry. For pharmaceutical and medicinal chemists, materials scientists, clinical physicists, and pharmaceutical laboratories looking to make better and more potent pharmaceuticals.

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology Book
Author : Boris Ildusovich Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,Ubaldo Ortiz-Mendez
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-06
ISBN : 1466580895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it is a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to nanotechnology.The book examines the design, application, and utilization of devices, techniques, and technologies critical to research at the

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools Book
Author : Haijiang Wang,Xiao-Zi Yuan,Hui Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-08-25
ISBN : 1439839204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools presents various tools for diagnosing PEM fuel cells and stacks, including in situ and ex situ diagnostic tools, electrochemical techniques, and physical/chemical methods. The text outlines the principles, experimental implementation, data processing, and application of each technique, along with its capabilities and weaknesses. The book covers many diagnostics employed in the characterization and determination of fuel cell performance. It discusses commonly used conventional tools, such as cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It also examines special tools developed specifically for PEM fuel cells, including transparent cells, cathode discharge, and current mapping, as well as recent advanced tools for diagnosis, such as magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopy. For clarity, the book splits these diagnostic methodologies into two parts—in situ and ex situ. To better understand the tools, PEM fuel cell testing is also discussed. Each self-contained chapter provides cross-references to other chapters. Written by international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, this volume incorporates state-of-the-art technical advances in PEM fuel cell diagnosis. The diagnostic tools presented help readers to understand the physical and chemical phenomena involved in PEM fuel cells.

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook Two Volume Set

PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Haijiang Wang,Hui Li,Xiao-Zi Yuan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-21
ISBN : 1439863164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While PEM fuel cells are highly efficient, environmentally friendly sources of power, their durability hinders the commercialization of this technology. With contributions from international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook, Two-Volume Set provides a comprehensive source of state-of-the-art research in

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics

Surface Science and Adhesion in Cosmetics Book
Author : K. L. Mittal,H. S. Bui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-08
ISBN : 1119654904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Activity in the arena of surface chemistry and adhesion aspects in cosmetics is substantial, but the information is scattered in many diverse publications media and no book exists which discusses surface chemistry and adhesion in cosmetics in unified manner. This book containing 15 chapters written by eminent researchers from academia and industry is divided into three parts: Part 1: General Topics; Part 2: Surface Chemistry Aspects; and Part 3: Wetting and Adhesion Aspects. The topics covered include: Lip biophysical properties and characterization; use of advanced silicone materials in long-lasting cosmetics; non-aqueous dispersions of acrylate copolymers in lipsticks; cosmetic oils in Lipstick structure; chemical structure of the hair surface, surface forces and interactions; AFM for hair surface characterization; application of AFM in characterizing hair, skin and cosmetic deposition; SIMS as a surface analysis method for hair, skin and cosmetics; surface tensiometry approach to characterize cosmetic products; spreading of hairsprays on hair; color transfer from long-wear face foundation products; interaction of polyelectrolytes and surfactants on hair surfaces; cosmetic adhesion to facial skin; and adhesion aspects in semi-permanent mascara; lipstick adhesion measurement.

What is What in the Nanoworld

What is What in the Nanoworld Book
Author : Victor E. Borisenko,Stefano Ossicini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-21
ISBN : 3527648380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications Book
Author : Mariam Al Ali Al-Maadeed,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Marcelo A. Carignano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-29
ISBN : 0128173033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Science and Innovative Applications: Materials, Techniques, and Future Developments introduces the science of innovative polymers and composites, their analysis via experimental techniques and simulation, and their utilization in a variety of application areas. This approach helps to unlock the potential of new materials for product design and other uses. The book also examines the role that these applications play in the human world, from pollution and health impacts, to their potential to make a positive contribution in areas including environmental remediation, medicine and healthcare, and renewable energy. Advantages, disadvantages, possibilities, and challenges relating to the utilization of polymers in human society are included. Presents the latest advanced applications of polymers and their composites and identifies key areas for future development Introduces the simulation methods and experimental techniques involved in the modification of polymer properties, supported by clear and detailed images and diagrams Supports an interdisciplinary approach, enabling readers across different fields to harness the power of new materials for innovative applications

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes Volume 1

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes  Volume 1 Book
Author : Visakh P. M.,Olga Nazarenko
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-11-18
ISBN : 1118831748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended to serve as a "one-stop" reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of nanostructured polymer membranes and their processing and characterizations. It will be a very valuable reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, post-doctoral research fellows, senior graduate students, and researchers from R&D laboratories working in the area of polymer nanobased membranes. The various chapters are contributed by prominent researchers from industry, academia and government/private research laboratories across the globe and comprise an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.

Optical Fiber Biosensors

Optical Fiber Biosensors Book
Author : Daniele Tosi,Marzhan Sypabekova,Aliya Bekmurzayeva,Carlo Molardi,Kanat Dukenbayev
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-17
ISBN : 0128195681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optical Fiber Biosensors: Device Platforms, Biorecognition, Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the field of fiber optic sensors using an interdisciplinary approach that covers the fabrication of sensing devices and optical hardware, the functionalization to perform selective biorecognition, and the main applications of biosensors, with a present and a future outlook. Chapters discuss the principles of light propagation and the sensing devices suitable to perform biosensing with optical fibers, the process to functionalize the previous devices to selective biosensing, and applications in cells, small molecules, biomarkers and protein sensing, with a birds eye view on the most important results. This book provides a coherent picture of fiber optic biosensors, from the start (the device) to the end (the application), explaining in simple terms what is the whole process for development of a biosensor. The book also contains practical material (e.g. commercial instruments, fabrication instructions, medical standards for biocompatibility) that cannot be easily found elsewhere, and this is very useful for researchers to plan their development and build their labs. Covers the technologies and operating principles of optical fiber devices used in biosensing Contains chapters on the chemistry and operational strategy to functionalize a fiber device to become an effective biosensor Addresses the main applications of fiber optic biosensors and their specialization

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites

Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Saju Daniel
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 0081019041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites based on layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have recently become a formidable research area due to their amendable properties and potential applications. The distinct properties of LDH polymer nanocomposites include a wide range of chemical compositions, structural homogeneity, unique anion exchanging ability, easy synthesis, high bound water content, memory effect, non-toxicity and biocompatibility. This means that LDH polymer nanocomposites have the potential for new and innovative applications. Layered Double Hydroxide Polymer Nanocomposites presents a comprehensive overview of the recent innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. As well as covering fundamental structural and chemical knowledge, this book also explores various properties and characterization techniques including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. There is also a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as energy, electrical and electronic, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and their future applications. This book will be an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Extensive review on cutting-edge research for potential future applications, in a variety of industries

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass Book
Author : Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 3319414143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering Band 9

Fundamentals of microscale bubbles in process engineering  Band 9  Book
Author : Simon Matthes
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Release : 2021-10-25
ISBN : 3736965117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multiphase contact apparatuses are widely used in the chemical and biocatalytic process industry in which a gaseous reactant has to be supplied. The achievement of high mass transfer rates with regard to process efficiency is mostly challenging. In this work a novel aeration technique based on fine bubbles with diameters smaller 100 µm is experimentally analyzed, providing large interfacial areas for the mass transfer process. The experiments show the benefit of using fine bubbles by reaching significantly higher mass transfer rates compared to conventional aeration. Especially stirred tank reactors prove to be most suitable for fine bubble aeration. Finally, models are developed, describing the mass transfer characteristics at microscales.

Membrane Characterization

Membrane Characterization Book
Author : Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura,Darren Oatley-Radcliffe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-18
ISBN : 0444637915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Characterization provides a valuable source of information on how membranes are characterized, an extremely limited field that is confined to only brief descriptions in various technical papers available online. For the first time, readers will be able to understand the importance of membrane characterization, the techniques required, and the fundamental theory behind them. This book focuses on characterization techniques that are normally used for membranes prepared from polymeric, ceramic, and composite materials. Features specific details on many membrane characterization techniques for various membrane materials of industrial and academic interest Contains examples of international best practice techniques for the evaluation of several membrane parameters, including pore size, charge, and fouling Discusses various membrane models more suitable to a specific application Provides examples of ab initio calculations for the design, optimization, and scale-up of processes based on characterization data

Polyolefin Compounds and Materials

Polyolefin Compounds and Materials Book
Author : Mariam Al-Ali AlMa'adeed,Igor Krupa
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-23
ISBN : 3319259822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes industrial applications of polyolefins from the researchers' perspective. Polyolefins constitute today arguably the most important class of polymers and polymeric materials for widespread industrial applications. This book summarizes the present state of the art. Starting from fundamental aspects, such as the polymerization techniques to synthesize polyolefins, the book introduces the topic. Basic knowledge about polyolefin composites and blends is explained, before applications aspects in different industry sectors are discussed. The spectrum comprises a wide range of applications and industry sectors, such as the packaging and food industry, the textile industry, automotive and buildings, and even biomedical applications. Topics, which are addressed in the various chapters, comprise synthesis and processing of the materials; their classification; mechanical, physical and technical requirements and properties; their characterization; and many more. In the end of the book, even the disposal, degradation and recycling of polyolefins are addressed, and light is shed on their commercial significance and economic value. In this way, the book follows the entire 'lifetime' of polyolefin compounds and materials: from their synthesis and processing, over applications, to the recycling and reuse of disposed or degraded polyolefin substrates.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science Book
Author : P. Somasundaran
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780849396076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science book written by P. Somasundaran, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.