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Atomic Clusters With Unusual Structure Bonding And Reactivity

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Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure Bonding and Reactivity

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure  Bonding and Reactivity Book
Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj,Sudip Pan,Gabriel Merino
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-09-01
ISBN : 0128231017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure, Bonding and Reactivity: Theoretical Approaches, Computational Assessment and Applications reviews the latest computational tools and approaches available for accurately assessing the properties of a cluster, while also highlighting how such clusters can be adapted and utilized for the development of novel materials and applications. Sections provide an introduction to the computational methods used to obtain global minima for clusters and effectively analyze bonds, outline experimental approaches to produce clusters, discuss specific applications, and explore cluster reactivity and usage across a number of fields. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert editors and contributors, this book provides a detailed guide to ascertaining the stability, bonding and properties of atomic clusters. Atomic clusters, which exhibit unusual properties, offer huge potential as building blocks for new materials and novel applications, but understanding their properties, stability and bonding is essential in order to accurately understand, characterize and manipulate them for further use. Searching for the most stable geometry of a given cluster is difficult and becomes even more so for clusters of medium and large sizes, where the number of possible isomers sharply increase, hence this book provides a unique and comprehensive approach to the topic and available techniques and applications. Introduces readers to the vast structural and bonding diversity that clusters show and reflects on their potential for novel application and material development Highlights the latest computational methods and theoretical tools available for identification of the most stable isomers and accurate analysis of bonding in the clusters Focuses on clusters which violate the rules established in traditional chemistry and exhibit unusual structure, bonding and reactivity

Atomic Clusters Theory Experiments

Atomic Clusters  Theory   Experiments Book
Author : Ambrish Kumar Srivastava,Iwona Anusiewicz,Neeraj Misra,Suzana Velickovic,Wei-Ming Sun
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-03
ISBN : 2889719200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Atomic Clusters Theory Experiments book written by Ambrish Kumar Srivastava,Iwona Anusiewicz,Neeraj Misra,Suzana Velickovic,Wei-Ming Sun, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Clusters Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding

Clusters     Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding Book
Author : Stefanie Dehnen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-23
ISBN : 3319522965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience.

Clusters

Clusters Book
Author : Minh Tho Nguyen,Boggavarapu Kiran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-31
ISBN : 3319489186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of atomic clusters continues to attract great interest amongst physicists and chemists alike. This is in part due to their intrinsic properties and potential industrial applications. The first part of Binary Clusters is devoted to recent developments in experimental techniques, the second part covers a variety of theoretical approaches. Different theoretical methods based on group/graph theories and quantum chemical computational methods as well as various spectroscopy techniques (such as mass, laser, infrared, photoelectron etc.) are applied to the determination of the existence of geometrical and electronic structures, chemical bonding phenomena, and the thermodynamic stabilities of several classes of binary clusters. All chapters within this review volume have been contributed by experts in chemistry, physics, and material sciences based at the University of Leuven, Belgium. This book is aimed at professionals and students working in cluster science.

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters Book
Author : G.S. Anagostatos,W.v. Oertzen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642796966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second International Conference on Atomic and Nuclear Clusters '93 was orga nized in a joint effort by the 'Demokritos' National Center for Scientific Research, G. S. Anagnostatos (representing the atomic physics) and the Hahn-Meitner-Institut, W. von Oertzen (representing the nuclear physics). The subject of clusters - small aggregates of particles - is a topic of primary interest in both atomic and nuclear physics, and also in other fields like in the case of quark-structure of baryons and in cosmology. The interplay between atomic and nuclear physics is a particularly fascinating one because many concepts are common to both fields (quantal effects, shells, geometric structures, collective modes, fission etc. ) This conference was the second after the first one organized by Professor M. Brenner in Abo (Finland) in 1991. The general atmosphere of a joint forum for atomic and nuclear physicists was very fruitful and thus the decision to have a sequence of such meetings has been taken. A third one is planned in St. Petersburg (Russia) with Professor K. Gridnev (St. Petersburg) and Mme. Professor C. Bnkhignac (Orsay) as Chairpersons. The conference site, Fin\. on Santorini island (Greece), was a wonderful choice for a conference. It is small, which helps to keep people concentrated in a smaller community, it has a perfect convention center, the P. Nomikos Conference Center, and a very beautiful landscape formed by a large volcanic crater.

Cluster Assembled Materials

Cluster Assembled Materials Book
Author : Klaus Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780878497478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now some 15 years since atomic clusters were first produced and investigated in laboratories. Since then, knowledge concerning clusters has enjoyed rapid and sustained growth, and cluster research has become a new branch of science.

India in the World of Physics

India in the World of Physics Book
Author : Asoke Nath Mitra
Publisher : Pearson Education India
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9788131715796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributed articles.

Structure and Properties of Clusters from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles

Structure and Properties of Clusters  from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles Book
Author : George Maroulis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-10-27
ISBN : 9047418603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume on Clusters brings together contributions from a large number of specialists. A central element for all contributions is the use of advanced computational methodologies and their application to various aspects of structure, reactivity and properties of clusters. The size of clusters varies from a few atoms to nanoparticles. Special emphasis is given to bringing forth new insights on the structure and properties of these systems with an eye towards potential applications in Materials Science. Overal, the volume presents to the readers an amazing wealth of new results. Particular subjects include water clusters, Silicon, Iron, Nickel and Gold clusters, carbon-titanium microclusters and nanoparticles, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, chiral carbon nanotubes, boron nanoclusters and more.

Atomic Clusters

Atomic Clusters Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-05-24
ISBN : 9780080475950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atomic Clusters: From Gas Phase to Deposited brings together a series of chapters, prepared by acknowledged experts in their fields. Both fundamental and practical aspects are addressed of the physics and chemistry of a novel state of matter, namely clusters of small numbers of atoms of nanometre dimensions. This is a field of nanoscience that existed before the word was invented, but has particularly achieved major advances in the recent years. * Contributions from leading experts in solid surfaces research * Cluster science is concerned with the properties of materials on the nano-metre scale * Brings together work on both free (gas-phase) clusters and those deposited on surfaces

Gas Phase Metal Reactions

Gas Phase Metal Reactions Book
Author : A. Fontijn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483291219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book brings together, for the first time, all aspects of reactions of metallic species in the gas phase and gives an up-to-date overview of the field. Reactions covered include those of atomic, other free radical and transient neutral species, as well as ions. Experimental and theoretical work is reviewed and the efforts to establish a closer link between these approaches are discussed. The field is mainly approached from a fundamental point-of-view, but the applied problems which have helped stimulate the interest are pointed out and form the major subject of the final chapters. These emphasize the competition between purely gas-phase and gas-surface reactions.

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters Book
Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-10-15
ISBN : 9781439813355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal clusters, an intermediate state between molecules and the extended solid, show peculiar bonding and reactivity patterns. Their significance is critical to many areas, including air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. In Aromaticity and Metal Clusters, dozens of international experts explore not only the basic aspects of aromaticity, but also the structures, properties, reactivity, stability, and other consequences of the aromaticity of a variety of metal clusters. Although the concept of aromaticity has been known for nearly two centuries, there is no way to measure it experimentally and no theoretical formula to calculate it. In order to gain insight into its exact nature, the authors of this volume examine various indirect characteristics such as geometrical, electronic, magnetic, thermodynamic, and reactivity considerations. The book begins by discussing the evolution of aromaticity from benzene to atomic clusters. Next, more specialized chapters focus on areas of significant interest. Topics discussed include: Computational studies on molecules with unusual aromaticity Electronic shells and magnetism in small metal clusters A density functional investigation on the structures, energetics, and properties of sodium clusters through electrostatic guidelines and molecular tailoring The correlation between electron delocalization and ring currents in all metallic aromatic compounds Phenomenological shell model and aromaticity in metal clusters Rationalizing the aromaticity indexes used to describe the aromatic behavior of metal clusters 5f orbital successive aromatic and antiaromatic zones in triangular uranium cluster chemistry This collection of diverse contributions, composed of the work of scientists worldwide, is destined to not only answer puzzling questions about the nature of aromaticity, but also to provoke further inquiry in the minds of researchers.

Latest Advances in Atomic Cluster Collisions

Latest Advances in Atomic Cluster Collisions Book
Author : Jean-Patrick Connerade,Andrey Solov'yov
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2008-09-10
ISBN : 1908978783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a “snapshot” of the most recent and significant advances in the field of cluster physics. It is a comprehensive review based on contributions by the participants of the 2nd International Symposium on Atomic Cluster Collisions (ISACC 2007) held in July 19–23, 2007 at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany. The purpose of the Symposium is to promote the growth and exhange of scientific information on the structure and properties of nuclear, atomic, molecular, biological and complex cluster systems studied by means of photonic, electronic, heavy particle and atomic collisions. Particular attention is devoted to dynamic phenomena, many-body effects taking place in cluster systems of a different nature — these include problems of fusion and fission, fragmentation, collective electron excitations, phase transitions, etc. Both the experimental and theoretical aspects of cluster physics, uniquely placed between nuclear physics on the one hand and atomic, molecular and solid state physics on the other, are discussed. Contents:Clustering Phenomena at Nuclear and Subnuclear ScalesStructure and Properties of Atomic ClustersElectron, Photon and Ion Cluster CollisionsClusters on a SurfacePhase Transitions, Fusion, Fission and Fragmentation in Finite SystemsClusters in Laser FieldsClustering Phenomenon in System of Various Degrees of ComplexityStructure and Dynamics of BiomoleculesFrom Biomolecules to Cells and System Biology Readership: Researchers in physics, chemistry, biophysics, and materials science, both academic and professional. Keywords:Atomic Clusters;Biomolecules;Nanophysics;Nanoparticles;Collisions;Cluster Deposition;Fission and Fusion Processes;Phase TransitionsKey Features:Provides an overview of the traditional tools of the atomic, nuclear, molecular and biological physics applied to atomic clustersEmphasizes collisions with electrons, photons, heavy particles and atoms, as well as fusion and fissionUtilizes an interdisciplinary approach that joins many very different branches of physics, chemistry and mathematics

Springer Handbook of Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics

Springer Handbook of Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics Book
Author : Gordon W. F. Drake
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006
ISBN : 038726308X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprises a comprehensive reference source that unifies the entire fields of atomic molecular and optical (AMO) physics, assembling the principal ideas, techniques and results of the field. 92 chapters written by about 120 authors present the principal ideas, techniques and results of the field, together with a guide to the primary research literature (carefully edited to ensure a uniform coverage and style, with extensive cross-references). Along with a summary of key ideas, techniques, and results, many chapters offer diagrams of apparatus, graphs, and tables of data. From atomic spectroscopy to applications in comets, one finds contributions from over 100 authors, all leaders in their respective disciplines. Substantially updated and expanded since the original 1996 edition, it now contains several entirely new chapters covering current areas of great research interest that barely existed in 1996, such as Bose-Einstein condensation, quantum information, and cosmological variations of the fundamental constants. A fully-searchable CD- ROM version of the contents accompanies the handbook.

Superatoms

Superatoms Book
Author : Puru Jena,Qiang Sun
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 1119619564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explore the theory and applications of superatomic clusters and cluster assembled materials Superatoms: Principles, Synthesis and Applications delivers an insightful and exciting exploration of an emerging subfield in cluster science, superatomic clusters and cluster assembled materials. The book presents discussions of the fundamentals of superatom chemistry and their application in catalysis, energy, materials science, and biomedical sciences. Readers will discover the foundational significance of superatoms in science and technology and learn how they can serve as the building blocks of tailored materials, promising to usher in a new era in materials science. The book covers topics as varied as the thermal and thermoelectric properties of cluster-based materials and clusters for CO2 activation and conversion, before concluding with an incisive discussion of trends and directions likely to dominate the subject of superatoms in the coming years. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to the rational design of superatoms using electron-counting rules Explorations of superhalogens, endohedrally doped superatoms and assemblies, and magnetic superatoms A practical discussion of atomically precise synthesis of chemically modified superatoms A concise treatment of superatoms as the building blocks of 2D materials, as well as superatom-based ferroelectrics and cluster-based materials for energy harvesting and storage Perfect for academic researchers and industrial scientists working in cluster science, energy materials, thermoelectrics, 2D materials, and CO2 conversion, Superatoms: Principles, Synthesis and Applications will also earn a place in the libraries of interested professionals in chemistry, physics, materials science, and nanoscience.

Trends and Perspectives in Modern Computational Science

Trends and Perspectives in Modern Computational Science Book
Author : George Maroulis,Theodore Simos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-10-27
ISBN : 904741862X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains a collection of the lectures of the invited speakers and symposium organizers presented at the International Conference of Computational methods in Science and Engineering (ICCMSE 2006), held in Chania, Greece, October 2006. The content of the papers bears upon new developments of Computational Science pertinent to Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Mathematics and Engineering. Molecular Science is a privileged ground for the application and evaluation of new mathematical tools and computational methods. In recent years, novelty and progress with greatest conceivable speed is common experience. This flavor of research findings carrying many consequences for distant fields is easily evidenced in the lectures collected in this volume.

The Chemical Bond

The Chemical Bond Book
Author : Gernot Frenking,Sason Shaik
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 3527333150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique overview of the different kinds of chemical bonds that can be found in the periodic table, from the main-group elements to transition elements, lanthanides and actinides. It takes into account the many developments that have taken place in the field over the past few decades due to the rapid advances in quantum chemical models and faster computers. This is the perfect complement to "Chemical Bonding - Fundamentals and Models" by the same editors, who are two of the top scientists working on this topic, each with extensive experience and important connections within the community.

Nanoparticles

Nanoparticles Book
Author : Günter Schmid
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527604049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to the science of nanoparticles, from fundamental principles to their use in novel applications. As a basis for understanding nanoparticle behavior, the book first outlines the principles of quantum size behavior, nanoparticles architecture, formation of semiconductor and metal nanoparticles. It then goes on to describe the chemical syntheses of nanoparticles with defined characteristics, their structural, electrical and magnetic properties, as well as current methods to monitor these properties. Among others, the following nanoparticle-based applications are discussed: Single-electron devices Ultra dense recording media Bioelectronic devices and sensors Labeling of proteins, nucleic acids and other biomaterials. With its clear structure and comprehensive coverage, backed by numerous examples from the recent literature, this is a prime reference for chemists and materials scientists working with and developing nanoparticle systems.

Free Atoms Clusters and Nanoscale Particles

Free Atoms  Clusters  and Nanoscale Particles Book
Author : Kenneth J. Klabunde
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080924069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents coherent and systematic coverage of the broad and dynamic field of free atom and cluster atom chemistry. The text provides a comprehensive overview of the current literature and describes the mostimportant experimental techniques developed since 1980 including bimetallic clusters/catalysts, carbon clusters (fullerenes) and trapped single atoms. Metal atoms, clusters, and particles are covered in sequence with the Periodic Table.

Atomic and Molecular Clusters

Atomic and Molecular Clusters Book
Author : Roy L. Johnston
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-04-25
ISBN : 9781420055771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cluster physics is the foundation of the increasingly important field of nanotechnology. Clusters, ranging in size from a few to many millions of atoms, constitute a fascinating field of research in physics, chemistry and materials science. They are formed by most of the elements of the Periodic Table, and the types of bonding and the resultant clusters are equally as varied. This book introduces atomic clusters, ranging from weakly-bonded clusters of argon to strongly-bonded carbon clusters and metal nano-particles. It includes worked examples to enable lecturers and students to gauge their understanding and progress. Atomic and Molecular Clusters describes the experimental generation, detection and interrogation of clusters and theoretical approaches developed to aid understanding of their physical properties. It classifies clusters according to their bonding types and gives examples of present and possible future applications of clusters in electronic, optical and magnetic devices.

Atomically Dispersed Metallic Materials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies

Atomically Dispersed Metallic Materials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies Book
Author : Wei Yan,Xifei Li,Shuhui Sun,Xueliang Sun,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-09-07
ISBN : 1000634310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atomically dispersed metallic materials (ADMMs) are the most advanced materials used in energy conversion and storage devices to improve their performance for portable electronics, electric vehicles, and stationary power stations. Atomically Dispersed Metallic Materials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies aims to facilitate research and development of ADMMs for applications in electrochemical energy devices. It provides a comprehensive description of the science and technology of ADMMs, including material selection, synthesis, characterization, and their applications in fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, and H2O/CO2/N2 electrolysis to encourage progress in commercialization of these clean energy technologies. Offers a comprehensive introduction to various types of ADMMs, their fabrication and characterization, and how to improve their performance Analyzes, compares, and discusses advances in different ADMMs in the application of electrochemical energy devices, including commercial requirements Describes cutting-edge methodologies in composite ADMM design, selection, and fabrication Summarizes current achievements, challenges, and future research directions Written by authors with strong academic and industry expertise, this book will be attractive to researchers and industry professionals working in the fields of materials, chemical, mechanical, and electrical engineering, as well as nanotechnology and clean energy.