Skip to main content

Atmospheric Sources And Sinks Of Volatile Organic Compounds

Download Atmospheric Sources And Sinks Of Volatile Organic Compounds Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, and kindle. Atmospheric Sources And Sinks Of Volatile Organic Compounds is one my favorite book and give us some inspiration, very enjoy to read. you could read this book anywhere anytime directly from your device.

Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds

Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds Book
Author : Dudley Shallcross,Carl Percival
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-15
ISBN : 9780128228623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Climate change and air quality are two of the most pressing concerns in the 21st century and VOCs play a pivotal role in both spheres. Scientists across the world are becoming aware of the importance of understanding the role that VOCs play from a wide range of fields. Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds is comprehensive but concise book with information that is extremely important to groups in the field of atmospheric science but also to the myriad groups that border this field, such as climate scientists, analytical scientists, health professionals, agricultural and botanical related researchers and many more. Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds provides the reader with information in a form that they can adapt, such as emission factors, ways to estimate emissions as a function of appropriate variables, removal processes etc. The research also is connected to topics allied fields including land use, agriculture, measurement (analytical), and climate science. Features datasets and global maps of VOC distributions with supporting data Provides readers with information so that they can carry out 'what if' calculations, to be able to estimate the change in emissions in the future or make the information relevant to their region of the world Includes comprehensive coverage of VOCs and demonstrations of patterns in emission and removal

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere Book
Author : Ralf Koppmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
ISBN : 0470994150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Every day, large quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted into the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural sources. The formation of gaseous and particulate secondary products caused by oxidation of VOCs is one of the largest unknowns in the quantitative prediction of the earth’s climate on a regional and global scale, and on the understanding of local air quality. To be able to model and control their impact, it is essential to understand the sources of VOCs, their distribution in the atmosphere and the chemical transformations which remove these compounds from the atmosphere. In recent years techniques for the analysis of organic compounds in the atmosphere have been developed to increase the spectrum of detectable compounds and their detection limits. New methods have been introduced to increase the time resolution of those measurements and to resolve more complex mixtures of organic compounds. Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere describes the current state of knowledge of the chemistry of VOCs as well as the methods and techniques to analyse gaseous and particulate organic compounds in the atmosphere. The aim is to provide an authoritative review to address the needs of both graduate students and active researchers in the field of atmospheric chemistry research.

Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects

Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects Book
Author : Bruce A. Tichenor
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0803120303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Based on presentations at a 1994 Symposium, these detailed papers review source/sink characterization; design, construction, characterization, and operation of test chambers and facilities; testing protocols for determining emission factors and sink absorption/desorption rates; models for predicting

Mechanisms of Atmospheric Oxidation of the Oxygenates

Mechanisms of Atmospheric Oxidation of the Oxygenates Book
Author : Jack Calvert,Abdelwahid Mellouki,John Orlando,Michael Pilling,Timothy Wallington
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-08-01
ISBN : 0199877475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Prepared by an international team of eminent atmospheric scientists, Mechanisms of Atmospheric Oxidation of the Oxygenates is an authoritative source of information on the role of oxygenates in the chemistry of the atmosphere. The oxygenates, including the many different alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters, and nitrogen-atom containing oxygenates, are of special interest today due to their increased use as alternative fuels and fuel additives. This book describes the physical properties of oxygenates, as well as the chemical and photochemical parameters that determine their reaction pathways in the atmosphere. Quantitative descriptions of the pathways of the oxygenates from release or formation in the atmosphere to final products are provided, as is a comprehensive review and evaluation of the extensive kinetic literature on the atmospheric chemistry of the different oxygenates and their many halogen-atom substituted analogues. This book will be of interest to modelers of atmospheric chemistry, environmental scientists and engineers, and air quality planning agencies as a useful input for development of realistic modules designed to simulate the atmospheric chemistry of the oxygenates, their major oxidation products, and their influence on ozone and other trace gases within the troposhere.

Airborne VOC measurements on board the Zeppelin NT during the PEGASOS campaigns in 2012 deploying the improved Fast GC MSD System

Airborne VOC measurements on board the Zeppelin NT during the PEGASOS campaigns in 2012 deploying the improved Fast GC MSD System Book
Author : Jäger, Julia
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2014
ISBN : 3893369368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Download Airborne VOC measurements on board the Zeppelin NT during the PEGASOS campaigns in 2012 deploying the improved Fast GC MSD System book written by Jäger, Julia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles

The Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles Book
Author : Andreas Herrmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-15
ISBN : 1119956986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

"Coming to a conclusion, this wonderful, informative and very interesting book presents an excellent overview of small volatile organic compounds and their role in our life and environment. Really fascinating is the entirety of scientific disciplines which were addressed by this book." –Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 2011 "... this book deserves to be a well-used reference in the library of any laboratory specialising in VOC". –Chemistry World, 2011 Volatile compounds are molecules with a relatively low molecular weight allowing for an efficient evaporation into the air. They are found in many areas of our everyday-life: they are responsible for the communication between species such as plants, insects or mammals; they serve as flavours or fragrances in many food products or perfumed consumer articles; and they play an important role in atmospheric chemistry. This book takes an interdisciplinary approach to volatile molecules. Review-style introductions to the main topics in volatile chemistry and biology are provided by international experts, building into a broad overview of this fascinating field. Topics covered include: The structural variety of volatile compounds Biogeneration of volatiles Synthesis of natural and non-natural volatiles Analysis of volatiles Volatile compounds as semiochemicals in plant-plant or plant-insect interactions Volatiles in pest control Pheromones and the influence of volatiles on mammals Olfaction and human perception Volatiles as fragrances The generation of flavours and food aroma compounds Stabilisation and controlled release of volatiles The impact of volatiles on the environment and the atmosphere

Advances in Building Energy Research

Advances in Building Energy Research Book
Author : Mat Santamouris
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-04
ISBN : 1136572406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Advances in Building Energy Research (ABER) offers state-of-the-art information on the environmental science and performance of buildings, linking new technologies and methodologies with the latest research on systems, simulations and standards. As stringently reviewed as a journal but with the breadth of a book, this annual volume brings together invited contributions from the foremost international experts on energy efficiency and environmental quality of buildings. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this is a 'must have' reference on global developments in the field, suitable for architects and building engineers, environmental engineers, industry professionals, students, teachers and researchers in building science, technical libraries and laboratories. Volume 3 covers: - Energy, Carbon and Cost Performance of Building Stocks - Solar Chimneys in Buildings - Optimization and Economics of Solar Cooling Systems - Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms in Energy Applications in Buildings - Decision Support Methodologies on the Energy Efficiency and Energy Management in Buildings - Progress in Numerical Modelling for Urban Thermal Environment Studies - Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE): An Inevitable Step Toward Sustainability - Guidelines to Avoid Mould Growth in Buildings - Thermal Impact of Strategic Landscaping in Cities - Urban Heat Island and its Impact on Building Energy Consumption - Green Roofs in Buildings: Thermal and Environmental Behaviour - Building Earth-Contact Heat Transfer

Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 0857096354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Biogeochemistry of Forested Catchments in a Changing Environment

Biogeochemistry of Forested Catchments in a Changing Environment Book
Author : Egbert Matzner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-07-12
ISBN : 9783540209737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

The stability of forest ecosystems is affected by changes of environment conditions, like by increasing temperatures, increasing atmospheric CO2 and decreasing deposition rates of nutrients and acidity. This volume integrates the results of long term interdisciplinary ecosystem research at two forested watersheds in Germany with special emphasis on the biogeochemistry of carbon, dissolved organic matter and mineral elements in response to changing environmental conditions and management. Despite the reduction in acidic deposition, forest ecosystems are still threatened by soil acidification, nutrient depletion and eutrophication and criteria of sustainability are not yet achieved. The results highlight the complex interactions between vegetation, animals and soils in terrestrial ecosystems that are triggered by changes in environmental conditions.

Handbook of Indoor Air Quality

Handbook of Indoor Air Quality Book
Author : Yinping Zhang,Philip K. Hopke,Corinne Mandin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-11-23
ISBN : 9811676801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

People live in indoor environment about 90% of lifetime and an adult inhales about 15 kg air each day, over 75% of the human body’s daily mass intake (air, food, water). Therefore, indoor air quality (IAQ) is very important to human health. This book provides the basic knowledge of IAQ and highlights the research achievements in the past two decades. It covers the following 12 sections: introduction, indoor air chemicals, indoor air particles, measurement and evaluation, source/sink characteristics, indoor chemistry, human exposure to indoor pollutants, health effects and health risk assessment, IAQ and cognitive performance, standards and guidelines, IAQ control, and air quality in various indoor environments. It provides a combination of an introduction to various aspects on IAQ studies, the current state-of-knowledge, various advances and the perspective of IAQ studies. It will be very helpful for the researchers and technicians in the IAQ and the related fields. It is also useful for experts in other fields and general readers who want to obtain a basic understanding of and research advances in the field of IAQ. A group of experts in IAQ research have been recruited to write the chapters. Their research interests and experience cover the scope of the book. In addition, some experienced experts in IAQ field have been invited as advisors or reviewers to give their comments, suggestions and revisions on the handbook framework and the chapter details. Their contribution guarantees the quality of the book. We are very grateful to them. Last but not least, we express our heartfelt thanks to Prof. Spengler, Harvard University, for writing the foreword of the current Handbook of Indoor Air Quality both as a pioneer scientist who contributed greatly to indoor air science and as an Editor-in-chief of Handbook of Indoor Air Quality 2001, 1st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. In addition to hard copies, the book is also published online and will be updated by the authors as needed to keep it aligned with current knowledge. These salient features can make the handbook fresh with the research development.

Modeling of Indoor Air Quality and Exposure

Modeling of Indoor Air Quality and Exposure Book
Author : Niren Laxmichand Nagda
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0803118759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Download Modeling of Indoor Air Quality and Exposure book written by Niren Laxmichand Nagda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Organic Indoor Air Pollutants

Organic Indoor Air Pollutants Book
Author : Tunga Salthammer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-07-11
ISBN : 3527613676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Indoor air quality has gained more and more attention in recent years. The book covers organic pollutants in indoor air, their sources, measurement, and evaluation. It is written from a chemical-analytical point of view. Therefore it fills a gap in the literature on this very topical subject. The book is divided into four parts covering the measurement of organic pollutants, environmental test chambers, the release of organic compounds from indoor materials as well as investigation concepts and quality guidelines. Each section was written by an experienced expert. The authors work in Europe, the USA, and Australia. The book is adressed to chemists, physicists, biologists, and medical doctors at universities and research facilities, in industry and environmental laboratories as well as regulative bodies.

Research Strategies for the U S Global Change Research Program

Research Strategies for the U S  Global Change Research Program Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Global Change
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1990-02-01
ISBN : 0309043484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

This book recommends research priorities and scientific approaches for global change research. It addresses the scientific approaches for documenting global change, developing integrated earth system models, and conducting focused studies to improve understanding of global change on topics such as earth system history and human sources of global change.

Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds

Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds Book
Author : Mary E. Lidstrom,F. Robert Tabita
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400902131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

The 8th International Symposium on Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds was held at the Bahia Resort Hotel, San Diego, CA, 27 August-1 September, 1995. A total of 160 participants from 18 countries were registered. Eight Scientific Sessions were held in which 45 papers were presented, and 114 posters were displayed and discussed in 3 separate poster sessions. The Symposium covered a broad range of topics, including acetogenesis, methanogenesis, CO2 fixation, lithoautotrophy, carboxidotrophy, methylotrophy and methanotrophy. The theme of the Symposium was mechanistic, and under this rubric the physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, and both applied and environmental aspects of microbial growth on C1 compounds were addressed. This Symposium Volume contains 46 chapters, including the text of an Opening Address delivered at the Symposium by J.R. Quayle. This chapter elegantly presents an historical perspective on the past 7 Symposia, in the context of major breakthroughs in the field and of what is termed `giant' topics. The reader will be pleased to see that the tradition of the past Symposia Volumes is upheld, and that both familiar and new `giant' topics are covered. This Volume presents a cutting edge view of the broad field of microbial one-carbon metabolism, and provides a valuable resource for researcher and student alike.

Global Atmospheric Biospheric Chemistry

Global Atmospheric Biospheric Chemistry Book
Author : Ronald G. Prinn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461525241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

This volume contains the invited papers and a transcript of the final panel discussion in the First Scientific Conference of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (lGAC) Project, held in Eilat, Israel from April 18-22, 1993. The conference was hosted by the Israeli Institute for Biological Research (IIBR) and was the 37th in the prestigious OHOLO Conference series in Israel. The conference was devoted to the subject of "Global Atmospheric-Biospheric Chemistry" and was a landmark event in this area. It provided the first comprehensive report of progress under IGAC toward improving our understanding of the chemical and biological processes that determine the changing composition of the earth's atmosphere. This work is an essential component of the comprehensive International Geosphere Biosphere Program (lGBP) devoted to measuring and understanding global changes in the past and present, and predicting the future evolution of our planet. I want to devote this brief foreword to thanking several people who worked especially hard to make the conference a success and who helped to produce this volume as a record of the event. Paul Crutzen, Amram Golombek, Pamela Matson and Henning Rodhe did sterling service on the conference organizing committee. Special thanks go to Amram Golombek and Dr. Cohen, the Director of IIBR, who hosted the event in Israel. Anne Slinn did an excellent job in producing the Abstract book and helping with administrative matters. Alex Pszenny helped capably to critically review the Abstracts.

Chemistry and Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Environment

Chemistry and Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Environment Book
Author : H.J. Bloemen,J. Burn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401121524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Interest in the occurrence and behaviour of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is increasing due to their adverse effects on the environment and human health. It is essential that information is made available on the various aspects of research on VOCs to enable better understanding and control of the various environmental and human health threats. The information in this book will be used to improve communication and understanding of the various approaches. In particular the potential and limitations of the described analytical methods will be essential in defining environmental studies and interpreting the results.

Ocean Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles

Ocean Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles Book
Author : Peter S. Liss,Martin T. Johnson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-12-18
ISBN : 3642256430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

The oceans and atmosphere interact through various processes, including the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particles. In this book leading international experts come together to provide a state-of-the-art account of these exchanges and their role in the Earth-system, with particular focus on gases and particles. Chapters in the book cover: i) the ocean-atmosphere exchange of short-lived trace gases; ii) mechanisms and models of interfacial exchange (including transfer velocity parameterisations); iii) ocean-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide; iv) ocean atmosphere exchange of particles and v) current and future data collection and synthesis efforts. The scope of the book extends to the biogeochemical responses to emitted / deposited material and interactions and feedbacks in the wider Earth-system context. This work constitutes a highly detailed synthesis and reference; of interest to higher-level university students (Masters, PhD) and researchers in ocean-atmosphere interactions and related fields (Earth-system science, marine / atmospheric biogeochemistry / climate). Production of this book was supported and funded by the EU COST Action 735 and coordinated by the International SOLAS (Surface Ocean- Lower Atmosphere Study) project office.

Atmospheric and Aerosol Chemistry

Atmospheric and Aerosol Chemistry Book
Author : V. Faye McNeill,Parisa A. Ariya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 3642412157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Christian George, Barbara D’Anna, Hartmut Herrmann, Christian Weller, Veronica Vaida, D. J. Donaldson, Thorsten Bartels-Rausch, Markus Ammann - Emerging Areas in Atmospheric Photochemistry. Lisa Whalley, Daniel Stone, Dwayne Heard - New Insights into the Tropospheric Oxidation of Isoprene: Combining Field Measurements, Laboratory Studies, Chemical Modelling and Quantum Theory. Neil M. Donahue, Allen L. Robinson, Erica R. Trump, Ilona Riipinen, Jesse H. Kroll - Volatility and Aging of Atmospheric Organic Aerosol. P. A. Ariya, G. Kos, R. Mortazavi, E. D. Hudson, V. Kanthasamy, N. Eltouny, J. Sun, C. Wilde - Bio-Organic Materials in the Atmosphere and Snow: Measurement and Characterization. V. Faye McNeill, Neha Sareen, Allison N. Schwier - Surface-Active Organics in Atmospheric Aerosols.

Advances In Atmospheric Chemistry

Advances In Atmospheric Chemistry Book
Author : Barker John R,Steiner Allison L,Wallington Timothy J
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016-12-15
ISBN : 9813147369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

The human race has altered the chemical composition of the atmosphere, as evidenced by the notorious London smog, photochemical air pollution, acid rain, stratospheric ozone depletion, and elevated greenhouse gas concentrations. The aim of this book series is to present invited summaries of important current research on atmospheric chemistry in a changing world. The summaries range from comprehensive scholarly reviews of major subject areas to more narrowly focused accounts of recent advances by individual research groups. The topics are tied to the important societal issues of air quality, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid deposition, the environmental fate of toxics, and climate change. By gathering these new Advances in one series, we aim to catalyze communication among the many researchers who are studying our changing, contemporary atmosphere.

Environmental Simulation Chambers Application to Atmospheric Chemical Processes

Environmental Simulation Chambers  Application to Atmospheric Chemical Processes Book
Author : Ian Barnes,Krzysztof J. Rudzinski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-23
ISBN : 1402042329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

DOWNLOAD

Book Description :

Atmospheric pollution has many different detrimental impacts on air quality at urban, regional and global scales. Large volume photoreactors (often referred to as smog or simulation chambers) have been used very effectively to investigate and understand many varied aspects of atmospheric chemistry related to air pollution problems. Photochemical smog formation, which was first observed around 1945 in Los Angeles, is now a major environmental problem for all industrialised and densely populated regions of the world. Over the years many different modelling and experimental tools have been developed to analyse and simulate the complex chemical processes associated with tropspheric photooxidant formation. Work in environmental chambers has played a key role in the development of our understanding of the atmospheric chemistry associated with pollution problems on local, regional and global scales. Chamber observations have also been used in connection with environmental policy issues. In general they are used for validation of atmospheric chemical models, studies of chemical reaction mechanisms and as a direct means to test the possible impact of specific chemical compounds on air quality under simulated ambient conditions New large smog chamber installations have been recently developed in the US (Riverside, California), Europe (Jülich, Germany) and Japan, and a large number of smaller scale laboratory chambers are in operation around the world. Over the years there have been numerous new technical developments related to environmental chamber facilities such as the design of the chambers (e. g.