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Atlas Of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits

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Atlas of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits

Atlas of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits Book
Author : Joseph T. Hefner,Kandus C. Linde
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-02
ISBN : 012814386X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atlas of Human Cranial Macromorphoscopic Traits synthesizes macromorphoscopic traits and their analysis in an accessible manner, providing detailed descriptions and examples of the various character state manifestations intended for use in classrooms, laboratories, and in the field. The volume begins with an outline of the macromorphoscopic dataset, its history, recent modifications to the historical approach, and recent technological and analytical advances. Additional sections cover Nomenclature, Gross Anatomy, Function, Methodology, Line Drawings, Detailed Definitions, Multiple High-resolution Photographs, and Population Variation Data from the Macromorphoscopic Databank (MaMD). The volume concludes with a chapter outlining the statistical analysis of macromorphoscopic data and a summary of the computer programs and reference databases available to forensic anthropologists for the analysis of these data. Provides detailed descriptions, illustrations and high-resolution images of various character state manifestations of seventeen macromorphoscopic traits Applies to both forensic and bioarcheological research Written by the foremost expert on macromorphoscopic trait analysis and estimation of ancestry in forensic anthropology

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : C. Clifford Boyd, Jr.,Donna C. Boyd
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-19
ISBN : 1119226384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive coverage of everything that students and practitioners need to know about working in the field of forensic anthropology Forensic anthropology has been plagued by questions of scientific validity and rigor despite its acceptance as a section in the American Academy of Forensic Sciences nearly half a century ago. Critics have viewed it as a laboratory-based applied subfield of biological anthropology, and characterised it as emphasising methodology over theory. This book shows that these views are not only antiquated, but inadequate and inaccurate. Forensic Anthropology: Theoretical Framework and Scientific Basis introduces readers to all of the theoretical and scientific foundations of forensic anthropology — beginning with how it was influenced by the early theoretical approaches of Tyler, Morgan, Spencer and Darwin. It instructs on how modern forensic science relies on an interdisciplinary approach — with research being conducted in the fields of archaeology, physics, geology and other disciplines. This modern approach to theory in forensic anthropology is presented through the introduction and discussion of Foundational, Interpretive and Methodological theories. Sections cover: Bias and Objectivity in Forensic Anthropology Theory and Practice; The Theory and Science Behind Biological Profile and Personal Identification; Scientific Foundation for Interpretations of Antemortem, Perimortem, and Postmortem Processes; and Interdisciplinary Influences, Legal Ramifications and Future Directions. Illustrates important aspects of the theory building process and reflects methods for strengthening the scientific framework of forensic anthropology as a discipline Inspired by the “Application of Theory to Forensic Anthropology” symposium presented at the 67th annual meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Chapters written by experts in the field who were presenters at the symposium Forensic Anthropology: Theoretical Framework and Scientific Basis is ideal for university courses in anthropological science, forensic science, criminal science and forensic archaeology.

Ancestry and Sex in Human Crania

Ancestry and Sex in Human Crania Book
Author : Robert W. Mann
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
Release : 2021-08-11
ISBN : 0398093644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This atlas consists of 29 male and 21 female crania and is intended to serve as a reference source of documented-identity crania in the Mann-Labrash Osteology Collection at the John A. Burns School of Medicine (JABSOM) of the University of Hawaii, Manoa. It is intended to add to our knowledge of the complexity and range of cranial variation and to provide examples based on contemporary known-identity individuals. Large color photographs are provided for researchers to reference when estimating ancestry, sex, and, to a limited extent, age. This atlas increases our comparative reference samples and diversity to include individuals of Asian and Pacific Islander ancestry. Most crania in this atlas are presented using six anatomical views: anterior, right lateral, left lateral, inferior (basilar), superior, and posterior (occipital) in the Frankfort horizontal plane. A superior view of each mandible is included to provide the reader with size and shape features of the teeth and bone. Additional photos are included to highlight other features such as dental morphology and anatomical variants. Many photographs are labeled to identify specific features, while others are not, leaving interpretation to the reader. Figure captions reflect the author’s opinion but are intended to allow readers to interpret features for themselves and draw their own conclusions based on the photographs of each cranium. The photographs are intended to provide readers with the most holistic and integrated perspective of each feature. Each feature is viewed as part of the whole without requiring the reader to place them along a fixed continuum or sequence based on size or shape. Photographs also allow readers to examine each feature as an integrated piece of the “puzzle.”

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology

Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Heather M. Garvin,Natalie R. Langley
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-04
ISBN : 042979259X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through a set of unique case studies written by an international group of practicing forensic anthropologists, Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology: Bonified Skeletons prepares students and professionals for the diverse range of cases and challenges they will encounter in the field. Every forensic anthropology case is unique. Practitioners routinely face new challenges and unexpected outcomes. Courses and introductory texts generally address standard or ideal cases. In practice, however, forensic anthropologists must improvise frequently during forensic archaeological recoveries and laboratory analyses based on case circumstances. Most forensic anthropologists have encountered unconventional cases with surprising results. While these cases act as continuing education for practitioners—better preparing them for future encounters— such learning opportunities may be limited by the extent of personal experiences. This text exposes practitioners and students to a diverse array of case examples they may not otherwise encounter, sharing experiential knowledge and contributing to the advancement the field. Case Studies in Forensic Anthropology aims to both prepare aspiring forensic anthropologists and inform current practitioners. The cases are interesting and unique, detailing how specific challenges contribute to the body of forensic anthropological knowledge and practice. Key Features Full-color photographs illustrate the scenes and skeletal features "Lessons Learned" sections for each case study emphasize take-away points Thought-provoking "Discussion Questions" encourage readers to think critically and facilitate group discussions Actual case experiences by diverse array of forensic anthropologists who discuss innovative methods and unique challenges

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology Book
Author : G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 1107480736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions for ancestry estimation and biodistance analysis.

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Book
Author : Alexandra R. Klales
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-30
ISBN : 0128157682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

Bioinformatics Research and Applications

Bioinformatics Research and Applications Book
Author : Yanjie Wei,Min Li,Pavel Skums,Zhipeng Cai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-12-19
ISBN : 3030914151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Bioinformatics Research and Applications, ISBRA 2021, held in Shenzhen, China, in November 2021. The 51 full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 135 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: AI and disease; computational proteomics; biomedical imaging; drug screening and drug-drug interaction prediction; Biomedical data; sequencing data analysis.

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Gregory E. Berg,Sabrina C Ta'ala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1439815755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White presents a range of tools that can be used to identify the probable socio-cultural "race" category of unknown human remains. Gathering insight from those who have made recent improvements and scientific advances in the field, the book begins with the historical foundations of the concept of biological affinity and the need for increased research into methods for determining ancestry of skeletal remains. The contributors cover a range of topics, including: Ancestry estimation from the skull using morphoscopic and morphometric traits and variables Innovative methods from metric analyses of the postcrania, and new approaches to dental non-metric variation The biological diversity of Hispanic populations and use of discriminant function analysis and 3D-ID software to determine ancestry Methods of age progression and facial reconstructions to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) facial composites for missing people The preparation of skeletal remains for DNA extraction and sampling, and mtDNA methods that are available for identification of haplogroups (e.g., ancestral populations) No single method or technique is adequate in the assessment of ancestry. For accurate determinations, the use of traditional and new techniques combined yields better results. This book demonstrates the large repertoire of tools available to those tasked with these challenging determinations.

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine Book
Author : Aurore Schmitt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-09
ISBN : 1597450995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.

ACSM s Advanced Exercise Physiology

ACSM s Advanced Exercise Physiology Book
Author : Charles M. Tipton
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780781747264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by international experts in physiology, exercise physiology, and research, ACSM's Advanced Exercise Physiology gives students an advanced level of understanding of exercise physiology. It emphasizes the acute and chronic effects of exercise on various physiological systems in adults and the integrative nature of these physiological responses. Chapters detail how different body systems respond to exercise. Systems include nervous, skeletal, muscular, respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, metabolic, endocrine, immune, renal, and hematopoietic systems. Additional chapters explain how these responses are altered by heat, cold, hypoxia, microgravity, bed rest, and hyperbaria. Milestones of Discovery pages describe classic or memorable experiments in exercise physiology.

Explorations

Explorations Book
Author : Beth Shook,Katie Nelson,Kelsie Aguilera
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-12-20
ISBN : 9781931303637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Welcome to Explorations and biological anthropology! An electronic version of this textbook is available free of charge at the Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges' webpage here: www.explorations.americananthro.org

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification Book
Author : Krista E. Latham,Eric J. Bartelink,Michael Finnegan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-27
ISBN : 0128125381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification provides a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on human identification methods in forensic anthropology. Divided into four distinct sections, the chapters will reflect recent advances in human skeletal identification, including statistical and morphometric methods for assessing the biological profile (sex, age, ancestry, stature), biochemical methods of identification (DNA analysis, stable isotope analysis, bomb curve analysis), and use of comparative radiography. The final section of this book highlights advances in human identification techniques that are being applied to international populations and disaster victims. The contributing authors represent established experts in forensic anthropology and closely related fields. New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification will be an essential resource for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students interested in state-of-the-art methods for human identification. A comprehensive and up-to-date volume on human identification methods in forensic anthropology Focuses on recent advances such as statistical and morphometric methods for assessing the biological profile, biochemical methods of identification and use of comparative radiography Includes an entire section on human identification techniques being applied to international populations and disaster victims

Skeletal Attribution of Race

Skeletal Attribution of Race Book
Author : George W. Gill
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of forensic anthropology has become increasingly important to other forensic scientists and to the public since the 1970s. Compiled from a symposium organized by the Mountain, Desert, and Coastal Forensic Anthropologists, this is one of the few book-length works devoted entirely to the determination of racial affiliation from skeletal remains. It is valuable for its graphic images of variation in skull and face form and covers a wide range of techniques for determining ancestry in unknown individuals. This is a great book for students of forensic anthropology.

The Age of Spectacular Death

The Age of Spectacular Death Book
Author : Michael Hviid Jacobsen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-08
ISBN : 1000171973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores death in contemporary society – or more precisely, in the ‘spectacular age’ – by moving beyond classic studies of death that emphasised the importance of the death taboo and death denial to examine how we now ‘do’ death. Unfolding the notion of ‘spectacular death’ as characteristic of our modern approach to death and dying, it considers the new mediation or mediatisation of death and dying; the commercialisation of death as a ‘marketable commodity’ used to sell products, advance artistic expression or provoke curiosity; the re-ritualisation of death and the growth of new ways of finding meaning through commemorating the dead; the revolution of palliative care; and the specialisation surrounding death, particularly in relation to scholarship. Presenting a range of case studies that shed light on this new understanding of death in contemporary culture, The Age of Spectacular Death will appeal to scholars of sociology, cultural and media studies, psychology and anthropology with interests in death and dying.

Nasal Reconstruction

Nasal Reconstruction Book
Author : Frederick J. Menick
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0702030082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A nasal reconstruction authority shows you how to obtain the best outcomes and repair unsatisfactory results from former surgeries. In addition to presenting the latest principles and techniques, this new resource also examines evolving concepts and methods, keeping you at the forefront of today's practice. The book emphasizes the restoration of nasal defects-from simple to complex-and achieving normal appearance and function. Comprehensive coverage of all nasal injuries and available surgical methods-both cutting edge as well as older, established approaches-help you choose the best approach for each patient and situation. Full-color clinical photos offer real-life clinical views of conditions and step-by-step surgical results, and a bonus DVD-featuring operative clips-shows techniques in action as well as providing hints and tips for obtaining optimal surgical outcomes. Offers detailed coverage of the principles of nasal reconstruction and application of the aesthetic principles as they apply to the whole face. Discusses design, planning, technique, and pitfalls to avoid for the full range of nasal reconstruction for complete surgical management guidance. Covers the latest topics in reconstruction including three-stage forehead flap . repair of the cocaine nose . advances in the use of free flaps for lining . forehead skin graft . microvascular reconstruction of the nose and face . and revision surgery to equip you to meet a wide range of surgical needs. Features guidance on reconstruction of nasal defects due to cancer, trauma, infection, congential deformity, drug abuse, and collagen vascular disease. Provides expert advice on revision surgery-as well as refinement/touch-up procedures-to effectively handle a previously repaired nose. Includes a DVD with 90 minutes of surgical footage-including cases with a complete 2 stage and a 3 stage folded forehead flap-as well as hints and tips for obtaining optimal surgical outcomes.

Biological Distance Analysis

Biological Distance Analysis Book
Author : Marin A. Pilloud,Joseph T. Hefner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-19
ISBN : 0128019719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Distance Analysis: Forensic and Bioarchaeological Perspectives synthesizes research within the realm of biological distance analysis, highlighting current work within the field and discussing future directions. The book is divided into three main sections. The first section clearly outlines datasets and methods within biological distance analysis, beginning with a brief history of the field and how it has progressed to its current state. The second section focuses on approaches using the individual within a forensic context, including ancestry estimation and case studies. The final section concentrates on population-based bioarchaeological approaches, providing key techniques and examples from archaeological samples. The volume also includes an appendix with additional resources available to those interested in biological distance analyses. Defines datasets and how they are used within biodistance analysis Applies methodology to individual and population studies Bridges the sub-fields of forensic anthropology and bioarchaeology Highlights current research and future directions of biological distance analysis Identifies statistical programs and datasets for use in biodistance analysis Contains cases studies and thorough index for those interested in biological distance analyses

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Dennis Dirkmaat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-04-20
ISBN : 1118959795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Anthropological Genetics

Anthropological Genetics Book
Author : Michael H. Crawford
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780521546973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume detailing the effects of the molecular revolution on anthropological genetics and how it redefined the field.

Dental Morphology for Anthropology

Dental Morphology for Anthropology Book
Author : Heather J. H. Edgar
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-05-12
ISBN : 1315300826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work provides a new, comprehensive update to the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (ASUDAS). Drawing upon her extensive experience in informatics, curating data, and dental morphological data acquisition, Edgar has developed accessible and user-friendly standardized images and descriptions of dental morphological variants. The manual provides nearly 400 illustrations that indicate ideal expressions of each dental trait. These drawings are coupled with over 650 photographs of real teeth, indicating real-world examples of each expression. Additionally, trait descriptions have been written to be clear, comparative, and easy to apply. Together, the images and descriptions are presented in a standardized form for quick and clear reference. All of these modifications to ASUDAS make it more usable for students and professionals alike. In addition to these features of the manual, the text makes a brief but strong argument for why dental morphology will continue to be a useful tool in biological anthropology through the 21st century.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth Book
Author : G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-06
ISBN : 9780521784535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A global study of dental variation offering insights into modern human origins.