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Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based On Coronary Imaging

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Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging Book
Author : Dimitrios I. Fotiadis,Lambros S. Athanasiou,Lampros K. Michalis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 0128047348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods based on Coronary Imaging is a complete review of computer methods for plaque reconstruction and characterization. The authors contribute their expertise from biomedical engineering, computer science and cardiology to offer a holistic view of the subject. The focus of the book is on instruction and careful presentation of formulae and physics of imaging techniques; including their limitations. It includes a discussion on the mechanical characterization and properties of plaques and appropriate constitutive models to describe the mechanical behavior of plaques. The authors explore the challenges of using MRI technology for coronary imaging, and provide an explanation of the pros and cons of invasive vs noninvasive techniques. Methods for 3D reconstruction of coronary arteries using IVUS and OCT images are described. This book will help you to study new trends in image processing analysis and plaque characterization for research purposes, implement new automated plaque characterization methodologies, and incorporate new imaging techniques in your devices Covers the multimodality imaging technique of intravascular ultrasound and intravascular photoacoustic imaging which helps with diagnosis of arterial diseases Discusses the clinical applications and computational methods which can be applied to imaging data Explores plaque classification, plaque reconstruction methods, plaque modelling properties and methods

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging Book
Author : Lambros S Athanasiou,Dimitrios I Fotiadis,Lampros K Michalis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-04
ISBN : 0128051132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atherosclerotic Plaque Characterization Methods Based on Coronary Imaging provides a complete review of computer methods for atherosclerotic plaque reconstruction and characterization. The authors, with their expertise from biomedical engineering, computer science, and cardiology, offer a holistic view. The focus of the book is on the presentation of major imaging techniques, including their limitations. It includes details on the mechanical characterization and properties of plaques and appropriate constitutive models to describe the mechanical behavior of plaques. The authors explore the challenges of using multiple coronary imaging technologies, and provide the pros and cons of invasive vs. non-invasive techniques. Methods for plaque characterization and 3D reconstruction of coronary arteries using IVUS, OCT, and CT images are described. This book will help readers study new trends in image processing analysis and plaque characterization, implement automated plaque characterization methodologies, understand coronary imaging drawbacks, and comprehend 3 dimensional coronary artery and plaque reconstruction methods. Describes the multimodality imaging techniques that are commonly used in the diagnosis of arterial diseases, including intravascular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, angiography, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography Discusses in-depth the computational methods which can be used for the detection of different plaque types Explores plaque in 3D reconstruction methods and plaque modeling approaches

Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Biological Media

Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Biological Media Book
Author : Sid M. Becker,Andrey V. Kuznetsov,Filippo de Monte,Giuseppe Pontrelli,Dan Zhao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-08-16
ISBN : 0323857418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Biological Media focuses on applications of mass transfer relevant to biomedical processes and technology—fields that require quantitative mechanistic descriptions of the delivery of molecules and drugs. This book features recent advances and developments in biomedical therapies with a focus on the associated theoretical and mathematical techniques necessary to predict mass transfer in biological systems. The book is authored by over 50 established researchers who are internationally recognized as leaders in their fields. Each chapter contains a comprehensive introductory section for those new to the field, followed by recent modeling developments motivated by empirical experimental observation. Offering a unique opportunity for the reader to access recent developments from technical, theoretical, and engineering perspectives, this book is ideal for graduate and postdoctoral researchers in academia as well as experienced researchers in biomedical industries. Offers updated information related to advanced techniques and fundamental knowledge, particularly advances in computer-based diagnostics and treatment and numerical simulations Provides a bridge between well-established theories and the latest developments in the field Coverage includes dialysis, inert solute transport (insulin), electrokinetic transport, cellular molecular uptake, transdermal drug delivery and respiratory therapies

Vessel Based Imaging Techniques

Vessel Based Imaging Techniques Book
Author : Chun Yuan,Thomas S. Hatsukami,Mahmud Mossa-Basha
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-10
ISBN : 3030252493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive information on new and existing vessel imaging techniques, with the intention of improving diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of vascular and related diseases. In recent years, vessel wall imaging has expanded greatly into other beds (such as the intracranial and peripheral arteries) and many of the techniques available for evaluation and diagnosis have only previously been published in research papers. This book bridges that gap for clinicians, applying cutting edge research to their everyday practice. The first six sections of the book are centered around individual vessel beds. These chapters will teach clinicians the multi-modality imaging techniques available to image these vessels and related pathology with a focus on new imaging tools and techniques. The final two sections of the book will offer a more comprehensive technical background aimed at imaging scientists for the imaging techniques used and the relationship of blood flow and modeling to disease monitoring and prevention. This is an ideal guide for radiologists and imaging scientists looking to learn the latest techniques in vessel imaging.

Applications of Space Techniques on the Natural Hazards in the MENA Region

Applications of Space Techniques on the Natural Hazards in the MENA Region Book
Author : Mashael M. Al Saud
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-29
ISBN : 3030888746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces a comprehensive understanding in the use of space techniques in natural hazards and risk management in the MENA Region. The book is based on different case-studies from 25 MENA countries, and will be useful in highlighting the issues from all aspects. In recent years the number of natural hazard events has increased in the MENA Region. This is exacerbated by the changing climate and extreme climate events, as well as a large increase in the population in this area. Disastrous events occur on a yearly basis characterized by a vulnerability of physical processes. Floods, earthquakes, and mass movement result in severe damage to property and livelihoods, and have devastating effects upon the environment. These events cause severe financial losses, which on an annual basis, can exceed millions of dollars. The predication, assessment and monitoring approaches remain inadequate in managing these hazards and in mitigating their impacts, but with the development of space techniques and geo-information systems, these situations can now be better managed. The miscellany of satellite images, with different spatial and temporal resolutions, enable the detection of terrain features and provide indications of potential natural risks. This book will of interest to stakeholders, including field experts, academics, researchers and decision makers.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiothoracic Imaging

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiothoracic Imaging Book
Author : Carlo N. De Cecco,Marly van Assen,Tim Leiner
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-22
ISBN : 3030920879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of current and potential applications of artificial intelligence (AI) for cardiothoracic imaging. Most AI systems used in medical imaging are data-driven and based on supervised machine learning. Clinicians and AI specialists can contribute to the development of an AI system in different ways, focusing on their respective strengths. Unfortunately, communication between these two sides is far from fluent and, from time to time, they speak completely different languages. Mutual understanding and collaboration are imperative because the medical system is based on physicians’ ability to take well-informed decisions and convey their reasoning to colleagues and patients. This book offers unique insights and informative chapters on the use of AI for cardiothoracic imaging from both the technical and clinical perspective. It is also a single comprehensive source that provides a complete overview of the entire process of the development and use of AI in clinical practice for cardiothoracic imaging. The book contains chapters focused on cardiac and thoracic applications as well more general topics on the potentials and pitfalls of AI in medical imaging. Separate chapters will discuss the valorization, regulations surrounding AI, cost-effectiveness, and future perspective for different countries and continents. This book is an ideal guide for clinicians (radiologists, cardiologists etc.) interested in working with AI, whether in a research setting developing new AI applications or in a clinical setting using AI algorithms in clinical practice. The book also provides clinical insights and overviews for AI specialists who want to develop clinically relevant AI applications.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for Healthcare Book
Author : Chee Peng Lim,Ashlesha Vaidya,Yen-Wei Chen,Vaishnavi Jain,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-09-29
ISBN : 3031111702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In line with advances in digital and computing systems, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) technologies have transformed many aspects of medical and healthcare services, delivering tangible benefits to patents and the general public. This book is a sequel of the edition on “Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for Healthcare”. The first volume is focused on utilization of AI and ML for image and data analytics in the medical and healthcare domains. In this second volume, emerging methodologies and future trends in AI and ML for advancing medical treatments and healthcare services are presented. The selected studies in this book provide readers a glimpse on current progresses in AI and ML for undertaking a variety of healthcare-related tasks. The advances in AI and ML technologies for future healthcare are also discussed, shedding light on the potential of AI and ML to realize the next-generation medical treatments and healthcare services for the betterment of our global society.

Ultrasound Imaging

Ultrasound Imaging Book
Author : Joao Miguel Sanches,Andrew F. Laine,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-15
ISBN : 1461411807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Ultrasound has recently taken an explosive growth for better safer, economic, mobile and high quality healthcare. This technology is very appealing for medical applications because it is non-ionizing, non-invasive and it is available in most of the medical and clinical facilities. Its low cost, when compared with other medical image modalities, makes it one of the preferred tools for medical monitoring, follow-up and diagnosis. Besides the traditional fields of Cardiology and Obstetrics, where it is extensively used for long time, it has became also very useful in the diagnosis of diseases of the prostate, liver and coronaries and carotids atherosclerosis. However, Ultrasound images present poor quality, very low signal to noise ratio and a lot of artifacts. The extraction of useful information from Ultrasound data for diagnosis is a challenge task that makes this medical image modality a very active field of research. The difficulties are being overcome and novel and advanced methods are being proposed for detection, characterization and segmentation of abnormalities in several organs. In fact, Ultrasound application range is vast, covering almost all organs of the human body, including the brain where Tran-cranial Doppler Ultrasound is very important to assess the brain vasculature. This book presents some of the recent advances in Ultrasound imaging technology covering several organs and techniques in a Biomedical Engineering (BME) perspective. The focus of the book is in the algorithms, methodologies and systems developed by multidisciplinary research teams of engineers and physicians for Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) purposes. Cardiovascular and Cancer, the most common life-threatening diseases in western countries, are two of the most important topics focused in the book. However, other advanced issues are also presented such as Intravascular Ultrasound, 3D US and Ultrasound in Computer-Aided Surgery (CAS). Some chapters are direct contributions from medical research groups where Ultrasound has also received great attention in the last decade. By this, new techniques based on Ultrasound were introduced in the clinical practice for diagnosis and therapeutics, mainly in hospital facilities.

Ultrasound Imaging

Ultrasound Imaging Book
Author : João Miguel Sanches,Andrew F. Laine,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-14
ISBN : 1461411793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Ultrasound has recently taken an explosive growth for better safer, economic, mobile and high quality healthcare. This technology is very appealing for medical applications because it is non-ionizing, non-invasive and it is available in most of the medical and clinical facilities. Its low cost, when compared with other medical image modalities, makes it one of the preferred tools for medical monitoring, follow-up and diagnosis. Besides the traditional fields of Cardiology and Obstetrics, where it is extensively used for long time, it has became also very useful in the diagnosis of diseases of the prostate, liver and coronaries and carotids atherosclerosis. However, Ultrasound images present poor quality, very low signal to noise ratio and a lot of artifacts. The extraction of useful information from Ultrasound data for diagnosis is a challenge task that makes this medical image modality a very active field of research. The difficulties are being overcome and novel and advanced methods are being proposed for detection, characterization and segmentation of abnormalities in several organs. In fact, Ultrasound application range is vast, covering almost all organs of the human body, including the brain where Tran-cranial Doppler Ultrasound is very important to assess the brain vasculature. This book presents some of the recent advances in Ultrasound imaging technology covering several organs and techniques in a Biomedical Engineering (BME) perspective. The focus of the book is in the algorithms, methodologies and systems developed by multidisciplinary research teams of engineers and physicians for Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) purposes. Cardiovascular and Cancer, the most common life-threatening diseases in western countries, are two of the most important topics focused in the book. However, other advanced issues are also presented such as Intravascular Ultrasound, 3D US and Ultrasound in Computer-Aided Surgery (CAS). Some chapters are direct contributions from medical research groups where Ultrasound has also received great attention in the last decade. By this, new techniques based on Ultrasound were introduced in the clinical practice for diagnosis and therapeutics, mainly in hospital facilities.

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-15
ISBN : 0128171960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque: From Model to Patient, Fourth Edition summarizes all biomechanical aspects of each living organ in one comprehensive reference. The first two volumes introduce Continuum Fluid and Solid Biomechanics approaches, with each subsequent volume covering the important biomechanical and clinical aspects. The key thought leaders in the field of Biomechanics of Living Organs have gathered together their expertise in this series, making it an essential reference for anyone working in this research area. This book presents the first such resource to cover fluid and solid biomechanical studies conducted in this last decade to increase our understanding of plaque initiation, growth and rupture and improve the design of medical devices and clinical interventions, including surgical procedures. Presents the main computational fluid dynamic studies performed, describing blood flow in healthy and pathological artery branches, including in coronary bifurcations Highlights the correlation between plaque initiation regions and blood shear stress amplitude Discusses the main biomechanical and mechanobiological models to highlight the importance of quantifying the residual and peak cap stresses and the presence of μ-calcifications to evaluate the risk of plaque rupture Introduces the most recent intravascular imaging biomarker techniques (elastography, palpography and modulography)

Spectral Photon Counting Computed Tomography

Spectral  Photon Counting Computed Tomography Book
Author : Katsuyuki Taguchi,Ira Blevis,Krzysztof Iniewski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 0429942001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spectral, Photon Counting Computed Tomography is a comprehensive cover of the latest developments in the most prevalent imaging modality (x-ray computed tomography (CT)) in its latest incarnation: Spectral, Dual-Energy, and Photon Counting CT. Disadvantages of the conventional single-energy technique used by CT technology are that different materials cannot be distinguished and that the noise is larger. To address these problems, a novel spectral CT concept has been proposed. Spectral Dual-Energy CT (DE-CT) acquires two sets of spectral data, and Spectral Photon Counting CT (PC-CT) detects energy of x-ray photons to reveal additional material information of objects by using novel energy-sensitive, photon-counting detectors. The K-edge imaging may be a gateway for functional or molecular CT. The book covers detectors and electronics, image reconstruction methods, image quality assessments, a simulation tool, nanoparticle contrast agents, and clinical applications for spectral CT.

Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations

Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations Book
Author : Milica Prostran
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-05-09
ISBN : 1789232007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations has 12 chapters divided into 4 sections: Minority Patients, Women, Medically Compromised Patients and Clinical Trials. Contributing authors came from several countries, from Serbia to Turkey. The book was edited by Professor Milica Prostran MD, Ph.D., specialist in Clinical Pharmacology. The potential reader is shown a modern approach to clinical trials in vulnerable populations, from different points of view. The chapters deal at length and clarity with their topics. Finally, I believe, that this book I edited and reviewed with dedication will capture the attention of many readers, from medical students to practicing doctors and pharmacists. All of whom must consider this very important field of medicine: clinical trials in vulnerable patients.

Highlights in Cardiovascular Imaging 2021

Highlights in Cardiovascular Imaging  2021 Book
Author : Christos Bourantas,Karthik H. Chandrasekharan,Djawid Hashemi,Sebastian Kelle
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-07-04
ISBN : 2889764877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Highlights in Cardiovascular Imaging 2021 book written by Christos Bourantas,Karthik H. Chandrasekharan,Djawid Hashemi,Sebastian Kelle, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multimodality Imaging in Acute Coronary Syndrome

Multimodality Imaging in Acute Coronary Syndrome Book
Author : Jinwei Tian,Zhao Wang,Minjie Lu
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 2889764257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Multimodality Imaging in Acute Coronary Syndrome book written by Jinwei Tian,Zhao Wang,Minjie Lu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Coronary Magnetic Resonance Angiography

Coronary Magnetic Resonance Angiography Book
Author : Andre J. Duerinckx
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-05
ISBN : 0387215905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the clinical applications of coronary angiography techniques. Coronary MRA can be instrumental in the evaluation of congenital coronary artery anomalies, however, the complexity of advanced MR pulse sequences and strategies may be overwhelming to many. Coronary MR Angiography demystifies the art of coronary MRA by providing a text in plain language with clearly illustrated imaging steps and protocols. Designed to bridge the gap between radiology and cardiology, it is written for physicians and scientists planning to incorporate this technique into their research or practice.

The Vulnerable Plaque Second Edition

The Vulnerable Plaque  Second Edition Book
Author : Ron Waksman,Patrick W. Serruys,Johannes Schaar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-06-13
ISBN : 9781841846217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since publication of the First Edition, advances in the diagnosis and prevention and treatment strategies of the vulnerable plaque have necessitated this greatly expanded second edition. With several new chapters covering mainly diagnostic and treatment options, The Handbook of the Vulnerable Plaque will remain the benchmark text for all interventional cardiologists treating vulnerable patients by providing the physician with comprehensive insight into the world of the vulnerable plaque.

Current and Future Role of Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Current and Future Role of Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging Book
Author : Steffen Erhard Petersen,Karim Lekadir,Alistair A. Young,Tim Leiner
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-09
ISBN : 2889660583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.

Advanced Cardiac Imaging

Advanced Cardiac Imaging Book
Author : Koen Nieman,Oliver Gaemperli,Patrizio Lancellotti,Sven Plein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-07-16
ISBN : 1782422943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Cardiac Imaging presents the latest information on heart disease and heart failure, major causes of death among western populations. In addition, the text explores the financial burden to public healthcare trusts and the vast amount of research and funding being channeled into programs not only to prevent such diseases, but also to diagnose them in early stages. This book provides readers with a thorough overview of many advances in cardiac imaging. Chapters include technological developments in cardiac imaging and imaging applications in a clinical setting with regard to detecting various types of heart disease. Presents a thorough overview of cardiac imaging technology Addresses specific applications for a number of cardiac diseases and how they can improve diagnoses and treatment protocols Includes technological developments in cardiac imaging and imaging applications in a clinical setting

Proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bio Engineering 2018 ISMAC CVB

Proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bio Engineering 2018  ISMAC CVB  Book
Author : Durai Pandian,Xavier Fernando,Zubair Baig,Fuqian Shi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-01
ISBN : 3030006654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These are the proceedings of the International Conference on ISMAC-CVB, held in Palladam, India, in May 2018. The book focuses on research to design new analysis paradigms and computational solutions for quantification of information provided by object recognition, scene understanding of computer vision and different algorithms like convolutional neural networks to allow computers to recognize and detect objects in images with unprecedented accuracy and to even understand the relationships between them. The proceedings treat the convergence of ISMAC in Computational Vision and Bioengineering technology and includes ideas and techniques like 3D sensing, human visual perception, scene understanding, human motion detection and analysis, visualization and graphical data presentation and a very wide range of sensor modalities in terms of surveillance, wearable applications, home automation etc. ISMAC-CVB is a forum for leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of computational vision and bioengineering.