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Assessment Of Vulnerability To Natural Hazards

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Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book
Author : Jörn Birkmann,Stefan Kienberger,David Alexander
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-12
ISBN : 0124105483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards covers the vulnerability of human and environmental systems to climate change and eight natural hazards: earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, forest fires, drought, coastal erosion, and heat waves. This book is an important contribution to the field, clarifying terms and investigating the nature of vulnerability to hazards in general and in various specific European contexts. In addition, this book helps improve understanding of vulnerability and gives thorough methodologies for investigating situations in which people and their environments are vulnerable to hazards. With case studies taken from across Europe, the underlying theoretical frame is transferrable to other geographical contexts, making the content relevant worldwide. Provides a framework of theory and methodology designed to help researchers and practitioners understand the phenomenon of vulnerability to natural hazards and disasters and to climate change Contains case studies that illustrate how to apply the methodology in different ways to diverse hazards in varied settings (rural, urban, coastal, mountain, and more) Describes how to validate the results of methodology application in different situations and how to respond to the needs of diverse groups of stakeholders represented by the public and private sectors, civil society, researchers, and academics

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards Book
Author : José Simão Antunes Do Carmo
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 1789848202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses different aspects of natural hazards and vulnerabilities, with a focus on prevention and protection. It consists of nine chapters, five on flood events addressing vulnerabilities, risk assessments, impacts, sensitivity analyses, and mitigation measures, two on climate change and reconstruction of natural hazard events such as avalanches and rockslides, and two on tsunamis and volcanoes. All chapters provide relevant information and useful elements for readers interested and concerned about the lack of action or its ineffectiveness in containing the vulnerabilities and risks of possible natural hazards worldwide.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book
Author : Birkmann
Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 9788179931226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

Natural Hazards Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Reduction

Natural Hazards   Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Reduction Book
Author : José Simão Antunes do Carmo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781789848212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses different aspects of natural hazards and vulnerabilities, with a focus on prevention and protection. It consists of nine chapters, five on flood events addressing vulnerabilities, risk assessments, impacts, sensitivity analyses, and mitigation measures, two on climate change and reconstruction of natural hazard events such as avalanches and rockslides, and two on tsunamis and volcanoes. All chapters provide relevant information and useful elements for readers interested and concerned about the lack of action or its ineffectiveness in containing the vulnerabilities and risks of possible natural hazards worldwide.

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Second Edition

Social Vulnerability to Disasters  Second Edition Book
Author : Deborah S.K. Thomas,Brenda D. Phillips,William E. Lovekamp,Alice Fothergill
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-05-09
ISBN : 1466516372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss. This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts. By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall. Features and Highlights from the Second Edition: Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate concepts, relevant and seminal literature, and the most recent data available In addition to highlighting the U.S. context, integrates a global approach and includes numerous international case studies Highlights recent policy changes and current disaster management approaches Infuses the concept of community resilience and building capacity throughout the text Includes new chapters that incorporate additional perspectives on social vulnerability Instructor’s guide, PowerPoint® slides, and test bank available with qualifying course adoption

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book
Author : United Nations University
Publisher : United Nations Univ
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A seemingly non-stop series of disasters has shown that societies worldwide seem unprepared for the threats posed by natural hazards. The tragic impacts of these events drew short-term attention from policy makers, the media and the general public, but their response was too late to prevent serious harm. Societies need to measure their vulnerabilities in advance, and make adequate provisions. This publication presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability and contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.--Publisher's description.

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management Book
Author : R. B. Singh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Disaster management is a multidisciplinary area, covering a wide range of issues such as monitoring, forecasting, evacuation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation. It also requires multi-sectoral governance as scientists, planners, volunteers and communities all have important roles to play. These roles and activities span the pre-, during and post-disaster phases. Besides, shift of emphasis from disaster response to risk reduction has opened up areas of exploratory research in the subject. Vulnerability refers to the susceptibility of a community to a hazard. Vulnerability analysis seeks to predict disasters by ensuring timely preparedness on the part of people and institutions and concerned government agencies. The emerging arena of disaster mitigation is also becoming an integral aspect of development planning, policy formulation and implementation. This is where this book comes in. It contains 22 chapters in the form of conceptual and empirical case studies from India and other developed countries. The blend of theory, research and policy makes this book eminently worthwhile for anyone interested in disaster vulnerability and mitigation together with monitoring and forecasting and policy perspectives. It would be useful for students, researchers and teachers of geography, environmental studies, disaster management, civil engineering and policy science."

Mapping Vulnerability

Mapping Vulnerability Book
Author : Greg Bankoff,Georg Frerks
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136561617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Raging floods, massive storms and cataclysmic earthquakes: every year up to 340 million people are affected by these and other disasters, which cause loss of life and damage to personal property, agriculture, and infrastructure. So what can be done? The key to understanding the causes of disasters and mitigating their impacts is the concept of 'vulnerability'. Mapping Vulnerability analyses 'vulnerability' as a concept central to the way we understand disasters and their magnitude and impact. Written and edited by a distinguished group of disaster scholars and practitioners, this book is a counterbalance to those technocratic approaches that limit themselves to simply looking at disasters as natural phenomena. Through the notion of vulnerability, the authors stress the importance of social processes and human-environmental interactions as causal agents in the making of disasters. They critically examine what renders communities unsafe - a condition, they argue, that depends primarily on the relative position of advantage or disadvantage that a particular group occupies within a society's social order. The book also looks at vulnerability in terms of its relationship to development and its impact on policy and people's lives, through consideration of selected case studies drawn from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Mapping Vulnerability is essential reading for academics, students, policymakers and practitioners in disaster studies, geography, development studies, economics, environmental studies and sociology.

At Risk

At Risk Book
Author : Benjamin Wisner
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0415252164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of At Risk confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters since it was first published and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed.

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards Book
Author : Sven Fuchs,Thomas Thaler
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-31
ISBN : 1107154898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of the concepts of vulnerability and resilience for natural hazards research for both physical and social scientists.

Managing Disaster Risk in Mexico

Managing Disaster Risk in Mexico Book
Author : Alcira Kreimer
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1999-01-01
ISBN : 9780821344910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disaster Risk Management Series. Since 1980, Mexico has suffered from 79 disaster events. Over half of these disasters were weather related, such as hurricanes or flooding. One fourth of them were geology related, that is, volcanic eruptions, landslides, or earthquakes. The rest of them were instigated by humans in the form of industrial accidents, chemical and oil spills, explosions, and structural fires. Mexico was chosen for the first appraisal mission due to its experience with natural disaster losses, and because it is considering significant public policy changes in the realm of insurance regulations. The World Bank established the Disaster Management Facility in July 1999 to provide proactive leadership in coordinating efforts to introduce disaster prevention and mitigation practices in development-related activities. This report synthesizes the findings of a World Bank mission to Mexico on disaster management, mitigation, and financing, which was followed up by a workshop to discuss those findings. The scope of this study is quite broad and examines the following issues: -- Mexico's experience with disasters of all kinds; -- how risk and vulnerability are assessed and can be assessed as a means toward greater mitigation, that is, better planning and construction standards; -- disaster mitigation in practice; -- the specific contribution that the insurance industry can make to disaster mitigation in Mexico, and why this industry is so underutilized at present; and, -- the government's role in risk transfer as a way of enhancing mitigation especially through the operation of its Natural Disaster Fund, FONDEN.

Floods in a Megacity

Floods in a Megacity Book
Author : Ashraf Dewan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-01
ISBN : 9400758758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flooding is one of the most devastating natural hazards in the world. Available records suggest that both flood frequency and severity are on the rise and this is likely to worsen in the context of climate change. As population, infrastructure and poverty grow rapidly in developing countries, particularly in urban agglomerations of 10 million people or more, floods could cause widespread devastation, economic damage and loss of life. Assessment of vulnerability and risk from naturally occurring phenomena is therefore imperative in order to achieve urban sustainability. This book uses geospatial techniques to evaluate hazards, risk and vulnerability at a metropolitan scale in a data-scarce country. An empirical study was performed using remote sensing, GIS and census data. This research offers a new approach to mapping population, infrastructures and communities at risk which can greatly contribute to the deeper understanding of flood disasters in a rapidly expanding megacity. Examples shown in this book are from Dhaka Megacity, however, the techniques and methods can easily be implemented in medium to large cities of similar characteristics. The book is essential reading for hazard researchers, geospatial scientists, disaster management professionals, geographers, urban planners, and social scientists. Ashraf M. Dewan is currently a Lecturer in the Department of Spatial Sciences at Curtin University, Western Australia (on leave from his substantive position as Associate Professor in the Geography & Environment Department at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh).

Social Vulnerability to Disasters

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Book
Author : Deborah S.K. Thomas,Brenda D. Phillips,Alice Fothergill,Lynn Blinn-Pike
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-08-10
ISBN : 1420078577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the world has watched in horror as tsunamis, earthquakes, and hurricanes have wrought havoc across countries and continents. While these events have different circumstances, they share a common factor: the overwhelming majority of victims are women, children, elderly, disadvantaged, or disabled. Evidence gathered from these events clearly demonstrates how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts. Focusing explicitly on the social construction of disasters, Social Vulnerability to Disasters examines how the characteristics of an event alone do not create the tragedies that unfurl. The book discusses why such vulnerabilities exist, what can be done to foster change, and ultimately, reduce vulnerabilities and build capacity. It takes a multi-disciplinary approach to examine historical, geographic, social, and cultural factors and conditions that put people differently at risk before, during, and after disasters. The contributors explore how vulnerable social groups are affected by and cope with hazardous conditions and events. Each chapter provides strategies for community based mitigation by engaging those populations most at risk. Research has shown that recognizing and focusing on at-risk populations can create better mitigation, response, preparedness, and recovery capabilities, as well as lessening the economic and social impact of disasters. Based on materials developed for the FEMA Higher Education Project, this book is an empirically-based guide on the practical value of incorporating social aspects of disasters into emergency management, public administration, and social service programs. All royalty proceeds from the book benefit the Mary Fran Myers Scholarship Fund at the Natural Hazards Center of the University of Colorado, Boulder.

Disaster Risk Assessment for Project Preparation

Disaster Risk Assessment for Project Preparation Book
Author : Asian Development Bank
Publisher : Asian Development Bank
Release : 2017-11-01
ISBN : 9292610155
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disasters pose a significant threat to the sustainability of development investments. From 2007 to 2016, disasters triggered by natural hazards caused average daily physical losses of $133 million in the developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank alone. This practical guide provides technical advice on disaster risk assessment to facilitate the consideration of disaster risks in the design of development projects, seeking to ensure that disaster risks are properly identified and measures taken to reduce them where necessary. Disaster risk assessments can also help steer development investments to increase the disaster resilience of exposed and vulnerable communities more broadly.

Disaster Education Communication and Engagement

Disaster Education  Communication and Engagement Book
Author : Neil Dufty
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2021-10
ISBN : 1119569796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Disaster Education Communication and Engagement book written by Neil Dufty, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Flood related health risk assessment a case study in Hoi An City Quang Nam province Vietnam

Flood related health risk assessment  a case study in Hoi An City  Quang Nam province  Vietnam Book
Author : Trinh, Thi Giao Chi
Publisher : kassel university press GmbH
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 3737603642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flooding is one of the most frequent and severe disasters in Hoi An City. The analysis of flood events in Hoi An revealed the impacts of flooding on many aspects of human life in this area including severe health risk. However, through literature review, the research showed that few studies about health risk assessment were performed in Vietnam in general and in Hoi An City specifically. Therefore, assessment of the health risk due to flooding is conducted in this research. The goal of this study is to develop a method to assess human health risk due to flooding with a focus on communicable diseases. It also aims to reduce health risk due to flooding by exploring areas that are most at risk. The methodology consists of (i) creating the health susceptibility map based on the Health Susceptibility Index (HSI); (ii) integration of health susceptibility with exposure information into vulnerability information; (iii) spatial analysis of health risk by the combination between health vulnerability and flood hazard information; (iv) evaluating the research results with the incidence of diseases in reality. The health risk map is the first holistic map of its kind for defining the spatial distribution of risk areas in Hoi An City.

Natural Hazard Uncertainty Assessment

Natural Hazard Uncertainty Assessment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-05
ISBN : 9781642240375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural disasters cause suffering through the harm of people and infrastructure along with huge economic destruction. Risks from natural hazards are part of everyday life, whether it is from floods, storms, tsunami, landslides, severe weather or earthquakes. Awareness and understanding of risk and effective risk management is therefore necessary to reduce the vulnerability of our communities. Assessments of natural hazards form the basis for all management tasks and are therefore a crucial component of hazard management. This fact has become apparent during the last years and consequently funds for the advancement of hazard assessments as well as the enhancement of management strategies have been allocated. Natural hazard assessments are always subject to uncertainties due to missing knowledge about the complexity of hazardous processes as well as their natural variability. Decision-makers in the field of natural hazard management need to understand the concept, components, sources, and implications of existing uncertainties in order to reach informed and transparent decisions.This timely edited volume explores the current state-of-the-art research in risk assessment and uncertainty for the major natural hazards. It covers work currently occurring in uncertainty quantification of volcanic, earthquake, and landslide processes. The book focuses on advancements in uncertainty and risk assessment for natural hazards driven by biological, physical, and climatic factors contributed by scientists and researchers the natural hazard scientific community, from those in real-time analysis of natural hazards to those in the research community from academia and government. It illustrates how natural hazard sciences and modeling efforts vary across multiple dimensions in terms of data availability, sufficiency, and spatiotemporal scale, the relative amount and cumulative expertise of scientists working in each field, and the state of the science in quantitative uncertainty assessment. The book introduces a framework for identifying and classifying uncertainty, presents insights on communicating uncertainty across arenas.

Natural Hazards Analysis

Natural Hazards Analysis Book
Author : John Pine
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-10-22
ISBN : 9781420070408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid PhilosophyEconomic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Ana

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada Book
Author : David Etkin,C.E. Haque,Gregory R. Brooks
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-04-30
ISBN : 1402011792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The problems and issues of natural hazards and disasters, both globally and in Canada, are becoming increasingly important since the costs of extreme natural events have been escalating, and significant vulnerabilities exist in Canadian society. Without thoughtful and effective mitigation, these costs and human suffering are likely to continue to increase. An assessment of knowledge, research, and practice in risk, hazards and disasters fields is a fundamental step towards the goal of prevention and mitigation. This book on natural hazards and disasters in Canada is the first comprehensive interdisciplinary publication on this subject, and is the result of a national assessment on this topic. A variety of papers from the physical and social sciences explores both the risks associated with these hazards, and adaptive strategies that can be used to reduce those risks. Audience: This excellent collection of papers is intended for academics, professionals and practitioners involved in hazard reduction activities who wish to obtain a better understanding of Canadian natural hazards.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards Book
Author : Jonathan Rougier,Steve Sparks,Lisa J. Hill
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-02-21
ISBN : 1107310768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assessment of risk and uncertainty is crucial for natural hazard risk management, facilitating risk communication and informing strategies to successfully mitigate our society's vulnerability to natural disasters. Written by some of the world's leading experts, this book provides a state-of-the-art overview of risk and uncertainty assessment in natural hazards. It presents the core statistical concepts using clearly defined terminology applicable across all types of natural hazards and addresses the full range of sources of uncertainty, the role of expert judgement and the practice of uncertainty elicitation. The core of the book provides detailed coverage of all the main hazard types and concluding chapters address the wider societal context of risk management. This is an invaluable compendium for academic researchers and professionals working in the fields of natural hazards science, risk assessment and management and environmental science and will be of interest to anyone involved in natural hazards policy.