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Assessing And Measuring Environmental Impact And Sustainability

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Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability

Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability Book
Author : Jiří J Klemeš
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 0128022337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability answers the question “what are the available methodologies to assess the environmental sustainability of a product, system or process? Multiple well-known authors share their expertise in order to give a broad perspective of this issue from a chemical and environmental engineering perspective. This mathematical, quantitative book includes many case studies to assist with the practical application of environmental and sustainability methods. Readers learn how to efficiently assess and use these methods. This book summarizes all relevant environmental methodologies to assess the sustainability of a product and tools, in order to develop more green products or processes. With life cycle assessment as its main methodology, this book speaks to engineers interested in environmental impact and sustainability. Helps engineers to assess, evaluate, and measure sustainability in industry Provides workable approaches to environmental and sustainability assessment Readers learn tools to assess the sustainability of a process or product and to design it in an environmentally friendly way

Sustainability in the Design Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes

Sustainability in the Design  Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes Book
Author : Gerardo Ruiz Mercado,Heriberto Cabezas
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-07-29
ISBN : 0128020644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainability in the Design, Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes is an edited collection of contributions from leaders in their field. It takes a holistic view of sustainability in chemical and process engineering design, and incorporates economic analysis and human dimensions. Ruiz-Mercado and Cabezas have brought to this book their experience of researching sustainable process design and life cycle sustainability evaluation to assist with development in government, industry and academia. This book takes a practical, step-by-step approach to designing sustainable plants and processes by starting from chemical engineering fundamentals. This method enables readers to achieve new process design approaches with high influence and less complexity. It will also help to incorporate sustainability at the early stages of project life, and build up multiple systems level perspectives. Ruiz-Mercado and Cabezas’ book is the only book on the market that looks at process sustainability from a chemical engineering fundamentals perspective. Improve plants, processes and products with sustainability in mind; from conceptual design to life cycle assessment Avoid retro fitting costs by planning for sustainability concerns at the start of the design process Link sustainability to the chemical engineering fundamentals

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings Book
Author : Brownell, Blaine Erickson
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 1799824284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental environmental challenges such as climate change, resource depletion, and pollution are still widely relevant in today’s world. Many of these problems have been associated with the architecture, engineering, and construction industries due to the level of resources used in these professions. In recent years, many manufacturers in these fields have expressed the motivation to make necessary changes that would be beneficial to the environment. Despite this progress, there remains a lack of research and assessment on the methods to achieve environmental stability within these architectural fields. Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of ecological performance within modern building design and materials-based construction. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as life cycle assessment, material flows analysis, and sustainability, this book is ideally designed for architects, civil engineers, construction professionals, environmentalists, ecologists, business practitioners, scientists, policymakers, designers, researchers, and academicians seeking research on current trends in environmental performance within building design.

Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics Volume 3

Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics Volume 3 Book
Author : Liangtong Zhan,Yunmin Chen,Abdelmalek Bouazza
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-10
ISBN : 9811322279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers selected papers presented at the 8th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics (ICEG), held on October 28 - November 1, 2018 in Hangzhou, China. The theme of the congress is “Towards a Sustainable Geoenvironment”, which means meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Under this theme, the congress covers a broad range of topics and provides an excellent opportunity for academics, engineers, scientists, government officials, regulators, and planners to present, discuss and exchange notes on the latest advances and developments in the research and application of environmental geotechnics.

Sustainable Urban Development in the Age of Climate Change

Sustainable Urban Development in the Age of Climate Change Book
Author : Ali Cheshmehzangi,Ayotunde Dawodu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-28
ISBN : 9811313881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book considers the impact of climate change on cities, advocating that people are the panaceas and antidote to mitigating climate change, by enhancing their involvement in achieving sustainable development Goals (SDGs). This leads to the development of an SDG best practice participation template, which is supported by an extensive checklist of the ‘whats’ and ‘hows’ in participatory processes. Using case studies, extensive literature reviews and meta-analysis to make a case for a people-centric and integrated approach to sustainable urban development, it examines the role of governance in climate change, focusing on decision making processes, policies and regulations, as well as focusing on the significance of a people-oriented approach on climate change and cities. Through an extensive global outlook, this book highlights bottom-up methods of implementing and achieving sustainable urban development in the age of climate change. These highlights should help to develop new mindsets, new strategies, new directions and new policies, through which we can see a more sustainable approach to urbanisation and urban development globally, which can start ‘equipping future generations with the tools for them to help their future generations’.

Introduction to Sustainability for Engineers

Introduction to Sustainability for Engineers Book
Author : Toolseeram Ramjeawon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-13
ISBN : 1000026728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Sustainability for Engineers aims to incorporate sustainability into curricula for undergraduate engineering students. The book starts with an introduction to the concept of sustainability, outlining core principles for sustainable development to guide engineering practice and decision making, including key tools aimed at enabling, measuring and communicating sustainability. It also describes concepts as life cycle assessment, environmental economics, related institutional architecture and policy framework, business context of sustainability, and sustainable buildings and infrastructure. Appendices at the end of the book presents a summary of key concepts, strategies and tools introduced in the main text. Five Key Benefits: A comprehensive textbook for engineering students to develop competency in sustainability. Presents a framework for engineers to put sustainability into practice. Presents the link between sustainability and the design process. It shows the application of a sustainable engineering design process for putting sustainability into practice. There are well woven case studies and links to websites for learning in various engineering disciplines. Includes challenging exercises at the end of each chapter that will inspire students and stimulate discussion in the class.

LCA Based Carbon Footprint Assessment

LCA Based Carbon Footprint Assessment Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-15
ISBN : 9813343737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the concepts, methods and case studies pertaining to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) based Carbon Footprint Assessment. It covers chapters on Carbon Footprint Assessment with LCA methodology & case studies on carbon footprint calculation following the LCA approach on power plants in India, Impacts of Vehicle Incidents On CO2 Emissions and school buildings in India.

Sustainable Supply Chains

Sustainable Supply Chains Book
Author : Yann Bouchery,Charles J. Corbett,Jan C. Fransoo,Tarkan Tan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 3319297910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is primarily intended to serve as a research-based textbook on sustainable supply chains for graduate programs in Business, Management, Industrial Engineering, and Industrial Ecology, but it should also be of interest for researchers in the broader sustainable supply chain space, whether from the operations management and industrial engineering side or more from the industrial ecology and life-cycle assessment side. Finding efficient solutions towards a more sustainable supply chain is increasingly important for managers, but clearly this raise difficult questions, often without clear answers. This book aims to provide insights into these kinds of questions for students and practitioners, based on the latest academic research.

Environmental Water Footprints

Environmental Water Footprints Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-29
ISBN : 9811324549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the concept of water footprint and corporate water footprint, presenting case studies on a thermal power plant in India and on the food sector. Water conservation is a key element of industrial sustainability strategies.

Handbook of Energy Efficiency in Buildings

Handbook of Energy Efficiency in Buildings Book
Author : Umberto Desideri,Francesco Asdrubali
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2018-11-12
ISBN : 0128128186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Energy Efficiency in Buildings: A Life Cycle Approach offers a comprehensive and in-depth coverage of the subject with a further focus on the Life Cycle. The editors, renowned academics, invited a diverse group of researchers to develop original chapters for the book and managed to well integrate all contributions in a consistent volume. Sections cover the role of the building sector on energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, international technical standards, laws and regulations, building energy efficiency and zero energy consumption buildings, the life cycle assessment of buildings, from construction to decommissioning, and other timely topics. The multidisciplinary approach to the subject makes it valuable for researchers and industry based Civil, Construction, and Architectural Engineers. Researchers in related fields as built environment, energy and sustainability at an urban scale will also benefit from the books integrated perspective. Presents a complete and thorough coverage of energy efficiency in buildings Provides an integrated approach to all the different elements that impact energy efficiency Contains coverage of worldwide regulation

A Triple Bottom Line Approach to Advanced Project Evaluation

A    Triple Bottom Line    Approach to Advanced Project Evaluation Book
Author : Grace Ding,Goran Runeson
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-03-06
ISBN : 1527548287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of ‘the triple bottom line’ has recently emerged to describe a new framework for development aimed at achieving economic and social balance while maintaining the long-term integrity of ecological systems. This requires measuring not only the economic viability of projects, but also their impact on the environment and their contribution to society. We live in a world where most people are aware of the importance of our environment. The way in which this realisation came about has, in hindsight, not been as simple as could have been expected. Systematic evaluations of the economic viability of projects using discounting date back to the beginning of the last century and are something which has been readily accepted, especially over the last few decades. However, an integrated approach, including environmental and social aspects, is much more recent, and even now, the methods and methodologies for such an approach are still being developed. This volume details the state of the art of the development towards the triple bottom line. It indicates where there is still debate about fundamental principles, where theory has been overlooked in the name of convenience, and where there are still unresolved problems. The discussions provided here will serve to provide a more detailed understanding of what we do in our calculations, what they mean and the limitations thereof.

Ergonomics and Human Factors for a Sustainable Future

Ergonomics and Human Factors for a Sustainable Future Book
Author : Andrew Thatcher,Paul H.P. Yeow
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-04
ISBN : 9811080720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on different sustainable products and services, such as electrical vehicles, green buildings, and biophilic and biomimetic systems, at multiple hierarchical levels within its chapters. The authors reflect on individual, organisational, governmental, political, and moral considerations of how Human Factor Ergonomics can build a sustainable future. This book is a must-read for anyone concerned with environmental issues and sustainability.

Environmental Footprints

Environmental Footprints Book
Author : Kai Fang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-19
ISBN : 3030610187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on environmental footprints that have attracted considerable interest and discussion within academia, policy makers and the public as a tool to assess anthropogenic effects on the environment. It begins with an overview which provides a starting point for understanding the concept of environmental footprints. On the basis of a thorough investigation into the theoretical and methodological aspects of selected environmental footprints that have been widely adopted, a unified framework for structuring, categorizing and integrating various footprint indicators is established. Furthermore, the book brings clarity to the relationship between footprint analysis and life cycle assessment, and challenges the isolation of environmental footprints and planetary boundaries. The findings provide novel insights into the development of environmental footprints for environmental impact assessment and environmental sustainability assessment.

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 0128197846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assessing the Environmental Impact of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain, Second Edition, is a fully updated, practical guide on how to identify and respond to environmental challenges across the supply chain. This new edition features updates to important data on environmental impacts and their measurements, the sustainable use of water and electricity, and new legislation, standards and schemes. Chapters provide an introduction to the textile supply chain and an overview of the methods used to measure environmental impacts, including greenhouse gas emissions, water and energy footprints, and a lifecycle assessment (LCA) on environmental impacts. This book will be a standard reference for R&D managers in the textile industry and academic researchers in textile science. Provides a holistic view of the sustainability issues that affect the textile value chain Explains ways to calculate the textile industry’s use of resources, its impact on global warming, and the pollution and waste it generates Reviews key methods for the reduction of the environmental impact of textile products and how they are implemented in practice Includes methods for calculating product carbon footprints (PCFs), ecological footprints (EFs) and lifecycle assessments (LCA)

Life Cycle Approaches to Sustainable Regional Development

Life Cycle Approaches to Sustainable Regional Development Book
Author : Stefania Massari,Guido Sonnemann,Fritz Balkau
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-12-08
ISBN : 1317378520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life Cycle Approaches to Sustainable Regional Development explains the ways life cycle methodologies and tools can be used to strengthen regional socio-economic planning and development in a more sustainable manner. The book advocates the adoption of systematic and long-term criteria for development decision-making, taking into account the full life cycle of materials and projects. It describes life cycle practices from both a scientific and a practitioner point of view, highlighting examples and case studies at regional level. The applications are relevant to key economic sectors, as well as for internal planning and administrative procedures. It concludes with a synthesis chapter that distills the key messages from the authors into practical guidance points on how best to use such approaches to enhance sustainability in regional development. The book is essential reading for regional and urban planners who are integrating life cycle thinking into their policy regimes, as well as for researchers working to further evolve life cycle methodologies.

Green Technologies for the Oil Palm Industry

Green Technologies for the Oil Palm Industry Book
Author : Dominic C.Y. Foo,Mustafa Kamal Tun Abdul Aziz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-25
ISBN : 9811322368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports the latest work on green technologies in palm oil milling processes, including new processes and various optimisation techniques. It covers the latest developments on palm oil milling process with new technologies, alternative solvent design, residual oil recovery, palm oil mill effluent treatment, palm biomass supply chain, as well as ecoindustrial park concept. The book is intended for industrial practitioners and academics interested in green technologies for palm oil milling processes.

Green Finance for Sustainable Global Growth

Green Finance for Sustainable Global Growth Book
Author : Tsai, Sang-Bing,Shen, Chung-Hua,Song, Hua,Niu, Baozhuang
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-01-22
ISBN : 1522578099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Businesses working under green finance models consider the potential environmental impact in investment and financing decisions and merge the potential return, risk, and cost correlated with environmental conditions into day-to-day financial business. Under this model, the ecological environment and sustainable development of society is observed and promoted. Green Finance for Sustainable Global Growth is an essential reference source that discusses emerging financial models that focus on sustainable development and environmental protection including developing trends in green finance, internet finance, and sustainable finance. Featuring research on topics such as competitive financing, supply chain management, and financial law, this book is ideally designed for accountants, financial managers, professionals, academicians, researchers, and students seeking coverage on the sustainable development of the finance industry.

Sustainable Utility Systems

Sustainable Utility Systems Book
Author : Petar Sabev Varbanov,Jiří Škorpík,Jiří Pospíšil,Jiří Jaromír Klemeš
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 3110630095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough guidance on maximizing the performance of utility systems in terms of sustainability. It covers general structure, typical components and efficiency trends, and applications such as top-level analysis for steam pricing and selection of processes for improved heat integration. Examples are provided to illustrate the discussed models and methods to give sufficient learning experience for the reader.

How Green is the City

How Green is the City  Book
Author : Dimitri Devuyst,Luc Hens,Walter De Lannoy,W. de Lannoy
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0231118031
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with practical ways to reach a more sustainable state in urban areas through such tools as strategic environmental assessment, sustainability assessment, direction analysis, baseline setting and progress measurement, sustainability targets, and ecological footprint analysis.

A Sustainable Modular Product Design Approach with Key Components and Uncertain End of life Options Consideration

A Sustainable Modular Product Design Approach with Key Components and Uncertain End of life Options Consideration Book
Author : Junfeng Ma
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An expanding awareness of manufacturing's short-term and long-term environmental impacts continues to drive manufacturers to reconsider the product design process with a view toward sustainability. An emphasis on sustainability is imperative for the competitive success of modern design and manufacturing enterprises, and incorporating sustainability into the product design process continues to warrant the increasing attention. Sustainability includes three dimensions: economic, environmental, and social. To the best of our knowledge, no existing product design method yet involves these three dimensions of sustainability, partly because social sustainability is difficult to evaluate and measure. This research gap motivates this study. Product life cycle management, especially the end-of-life (EOL) stage management, with its benefits of cost savings and increased environmental awareness performance, has emerged as a critical component of the product design process. However, determining EOL options during the product design stage can present a complex challenge because of vagueness in the design en-vironment--for example, an imprecise factor such as product maintenance. Therefore, developing a comprehensive framework to help understand uncertain EOL options is also a foundational motivation of this study. In today's challenging marketplace, key components play a significantly important role in product competitiveness. These components may represent a core technology and affect the product's functional performance, such as the turbocharger in an automobile engine; or they may be expensive or complicated to assemble and consequently influence the product's market performance, such as the cabinet of a refrigerator. However, based on existing literature, scant research discusses key components in the product design process. Therefore, involving a focus on key components in the design process also stimulates this study. Modular product design (MPD)--splitting a product into several components and then analyzing each separately--has proven to be a widely accepted design tool due to its advantages across the entire product life cycle, evincing benefits to manufacturing, to assembly, and to the product supply chain itself. In this study, a new MPD approach is presented that considers uncertain EOL options and key component specifications to improve three dimensions of sustainability. Three indicators--cost, environmental impact, and labor time--are employed to measure economic, environmental and social sustainability as individual elements. The environmental impact assessment is adopted using an open source software, Eco-99, which measures environmental sustainability in a comprehensive manner. Fuzzy logic is used to estimate the probability of each EOL option and to determine the expected EOL sustainability values (cost, environmental impact and labor time) for each component. Three clustering algorithms, with respect to the three sustainability aspects, are developed for specific key components; component modules are then grouped based on the identified key components and their sustainability optimization at all three stages of the total life cycle (manufacturing, maintenance, and EOL). The tri-criteria model builds toward optimizing sustainability in order to derive the compromised module structure. Based on this investigation into three-dimension sustainability, the economic, environmental, and social aspects are first quantified and measured simultaneously from the view of the product life cycle, and then improved through a product module generation process. Key components are also emphasized in the design stage, and key-component-based clustering algorithms are introduced to generate product modules. Moreover, uncertain EOL options are taken into ac-count in the module forming process. This new MPD approach has proven to generate better performance than previously existing methods (e.g., decomposition approach) in terms of sustainability. Two case studies are used to demonstrate the implementation of the proposed methodology, based on the perspective of product scale. A coffee maker is used to illustrate the analysis of a small and simple product, and a refrigerator is used to illustrate the analysis of a large and complex product. Given pre-determined sustainability indicator weights, both the coffee maker and the refrigerator are decomposed into several modules, as such modular architectures can benefit product life cycle full-dimension sustainability performance assessment.