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Artificial Intelligence In Medicine

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Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Book
Author : David Riaño,Szymon Wilk,Annette ten Teije
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-19
ISBN : 303021642X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2019, held in Poznan, Poland, in June 2019. The 22 revised full and 31 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 134 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: deep learning; simulation; knowledge representation; probabilistic models; behavior monitoring; clustering, natural language processing, and decision support; feature selection; image processing; general machine learning; and unsupervised learning.

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Book
Author : Lei Xing,Maryellen L. Giger,James K. Min
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-03
ISBN : 0128212586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artificial Intelligence Medicine: Technical Basis and Clinical Applications presents a comprehensive overview of the field, ranging from its history and technical foundations, to specific clinical applications and finally to prospects. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is expanding across all domains at a breakneck speed. Medicine, with the availability of large multidimensional datasets, lends itself to strong potential advancement with the appropriate harnessing of AI. The integration of AI can occur throughout the continuum of medicine: from basic laboratory discovery to clinical application and healthcare delivery. Integrating AI within medicine has been met with both excitement and scepticism. By understanding how AI works, and developing an appreciation for both limitations and strengths, clinicians can harness its computational power to streamline workflow and improve patient care. It also provides the opportunity to improve upon research methodologies beyond what is currently available using traditional statistical approaches. On the other hand, computers scientists and data analysts can provide solutions, but often lack easy access to clinical insight that may help focus their efforts. This book provides vital background knowledge to help bring these two groups together, and to engage in more streamlined dialogue to yield productive collaborative solutions in the field of medicine. Provides history and overview of artificial intelligence, as narrated by pioneers in the field Discusses broad and deep background and updates on recent advances in both medicine and artificial intelligence that enabled the application of artificial intelligence Addresses the ever-expanding application of this novel technology and discusses some of the unique challenges associated with such an approach

Deep Medicine

Deep Medicine Book
Author : Eric Topol
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2019-03-12
ISBN : 1541644646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of America's top doctors reveals how AI will empower physicians and revolutionize patient care Medicine has become inhuman, to disastrous effect. The doctor-patient relationship--the heart of medicine--is broken: doctors are too distracted and overwhelmed to truly connect with their patients, and medical errors and misdiagnoses abound. In Deep Medicine, leading physician Eric Topol reveals how artificial intelligence can help. AI has the potential to transform everything doctors do, from notetaking and medical scans to diagnosis and treatment, greatly cutting down the cost of medicine and reducing human mortality. By freeing physicians from the tasks that interfere with human connection, AI will create space for the real healing that takes place between a doctor who can listen and a patient who needs to be heard. Innovative, provocative, and hopeful, Deep Medicine shows us how the awesome power of AI can make medicine better, for all the humans involved.

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Book
Author : Niklas Lidströmer,Hutan Ashrafian
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-03-17
ISBN : 9783030645724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a structured and analytical guide to the use of artificial intelligence in medicine. Covering all areas within medicine, the chapters give a systemic review of the history, scientific foundations, present advances, potential trends, and future challenges of artificial intelligence within a healthcare setting. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine aims to give readers the required knowledge to apply artificial intelligence to clinical practice. The book is relevant to medical students, specialist doctors, and researchers whose work will be affected by artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging Book
Author : Erik R. Ranschaert,Sergey Morozov,Paul R. Algra
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-29
ISBN : 3319948784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough overview of the ongoing evolution in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) within healthcare and radiology, enabling readers to gain a deeper insight into the technological background of AI and the impacts of new and emerging technologies on medical imaging. After an introduction on game changers in radiology, such as deep learning technology, the technological evolution of AI in computing science and medical image computing is described, with explanation of basic principles and the types and subtypes of AI. Subsequent sections address the use of imaging biomarkers, the development and validation of AI applications, and various aspects and issues relating to the growing role of big data in radiology. Diverse real-life clinical applications of AI are then outlined for different body parts, demonstrating their ability to add value to daily radiology practices. The concluding section focuses on the impact of AI on radiology and the implications for radiologists, for example with respect to training. Written by radiologists and IT professionals, the book will be of high value for radiologists, medical/clinical physicists, IT specialists, and imaging informatics professionals.

Artificial Intelligence In Medicine

Artificial Intelligence In Medicine Book
Author : Peter Szolovits
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-03-13
ISBN : 0429728468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the field of artificial intelligence in medicine, a new research area that combines sophisticated representational and computing techniques with the insights of expert physicians to produce tools for improving health care. An introductory chapter describes the historical and technical foundations of the work and provides an overview of the current state of the art and research directions. The authors then describe four prototype computer programs that tackle difficult clinical problems in a manner similar to that of an expert physician. The programs presented are internist, a diagnostic aid that combines a large database of disease/manifestation associations with techniques for problem formulation; expert and the Glaucoma Program which use physiological models for the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease; mycin, a rule-based program for diagnosis and therapy selection for infectious diseases; and the Digitalis Therapy Advisor, which aids the physician in prescribing the right dose of the drug digitalis and also explains its actions.

Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Arvin Agah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-11-06
ISBN : 143988434X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enhanced, more reliable, and better understood than in the past, artificial intelligence (AI) systems can make providing healthcare more accurate, affordable, accessible, consistent, and efficient. However, AI technologies have not been as well integrated into medicine as predicted. In order to succeed, medical and computational scientists must develop hybrid systems that can effectively and efficiently integrate the experience of medical care professionals with capabilities of AI systems. After providing a general overview of artificial intelligence concepts, tools, and techniques, Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence reviews the research, focusing on state-of-the-art projects in the field. The book captures the breadth and depth of the medical applications of artificial intelligence, exploring new developments and persistent challenges.

Machine Learning in Medicine

Machine Learning in Medicine Book
Author : Ayman El-Baz,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-04
ISBN : 1351588745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Machine Learning in Medicine covers the state-of-the-art techniques of machine learning and their applications in the medical field. It presents several computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems, which have played an important role in the diagnosis of several diseases in the past decade, e.g., cancer detection, resulting in the development of several successful systems. New developments in machine learning may make it possible in the near future to develop machines that are capable of completely performing tasks that currently cannot be completed without human aid, especially in the medical field. This book covers such machines, including convolutional neural networks (CNNs) with different activation functions for small- to medium-size biomedical datasets, detection of abnormal activities stemming from cognitive decline, thermal dose modelling for thermal ablative cancer treatments, dermatological machine learning clinical decision support systems, artificial intelligence-powered ultrasound for diagnosis, practical challenges with possible solutions for machine learning in medical imaging, epilepsy diagnosis from structural MRI, Alzheimer's disease diagnosis, classification of left ventricular hypertrophy, and intelligent medical language understanding. This book will help to advance scientific research within the broad field of machine learning in the medical field. It focuses on major trends and challenges in this area and presents work aimed at identifying new techniques and their use in biomedical analysis, including extensive references at the end of each chapter.

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare and Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare and Medicine Book
Author : Kayvan Najarian,Delaram Kahrobaei,Enrique Domínguez,Reza Soroushmehr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9781000565843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent developments in clinical decision support systems, precision health, and data science in medicine. The book targets clinical researchers and computational scientists seeking to understand the recent advances of artificial intelligence (AI) in health and medicine. Since AI and its applications are believed to have the potential to revolutionize healthcare and medicine, there is a clear need to explore and investigate the state-of-the-art advancements in the field. This book provides a detailed description of the advancements, challenges, and opportunities of using AI in medical and health applications. Over 10 case studies are included in the book that cover topics related to biomedical image processing, machine learning for healthcare, clinical decision support systems, visualization of high dimensional data, data security and privacy, bioinformatics, and biometrics. The book is intended for clinical researchers and computational scientists seeking to understand the recent advances of AI in health and medicine. Many universities may use the book as a secondary training text. Companies in the healthcare sector can greatly benefit from the case studies covered in the book. Moreover, this book also: Provides an overview of the recent developments in clinical decision support systems, precision health, and data science in medicine Examines the advancements, challenges, and opportunities of using AI in medical and health applications Includes 10 cases for practical application and reference Kayvan Najarian is a Professor in the Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Delaram Kahrobaei is the University Dean for Research at City University of New York (CUNY), a Professor of Computer Science and Mathematics, Queens College CUNY, and the former Chair of Cyber Security, University of York. Enrique Domínguez is a professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Malaga and a member of the Biomedical Research Institute of Malaga. Reza Soroushmehr is a Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics and a member of the Michigan Center for Integrative Research in Critical Care, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare Book
Author : Adam Bohr,Kaveh Memarzadeh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-21
ISBN : 0128184396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Healthcare is more than a comprehensive introduction to artificial intelligence as a tool in the generation and analysis of healthcare data. The book is split into two sections where the first section describes the current healthcare challenges and the rise of AI in this arena. The ten following chapters are written by specialists in each area, covering the whole healthcare ecosystem. First, the AI applications in drug design and drug development are presented followed by its applications in the field of cancer diagnostics, treatment and medical imaging. Subsequently, the application of AI in medical devices and surgery are covered as well as remote patient monitoring. Finally, the book dives into the topics of security, privacy, information sharing, health insurances and legal aspects of AI in healthcare. Highlights different data techniques in healthcare data analysis, including machine learning and data mining Illustrates different applications and challenges across the design, implementation and management of intelligent systems and healthcare data networks Includes applications and case studies across all areas of AI in healthcare data

Precision Medicine and Artificial Intelligence

Precision Medicine and Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Michael Mahler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 032385432X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precision Medicine and Artificial Intelligence: The Perfect Fit for Autoimmunity covers background on artificial intelligence (AI), its link to precision medicine (PM), and examples of AI in healthcare, especially autoimmunity. The book highlights future perspectives and potential directions as AI has gained significant attention during the past decade. Autoimmune diseases are complex and heterogeneous conditions, but exciting new developments and implementation tactics surrounding automated systems have enabled the generation of large datasets, making autoimmunity an ideal target for AI and precision medicine. More and more diagnostic products utilize AI, which is also starting to be supported by regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Knowledge generation by leveraging large datasets including demographic, environmental, clinical and biomarker data has the potential to not only impact the diagnosis of patients, but also disease prediction, prognosis and treatment options. Allows the readers to gain an overview on precision medicine for autoimmune diseases leveraging AI solutions Provides background, milestone and examples of precision medicine Outlines the paradigm shift towards precision medicine driven by value-based systems Discusses future applications of precision medicine research using AI Other aspects covered in the book include regulatory insights, data analytics and visualization, types of biomarkers as well as the role of the patient in precision medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging Book
Author : Lia Morra,Silvia Delsanto,Loredana Correale
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 1000753085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by authors with more than a decade of experience in the design and development of artificial intelligence (AI) systems in medical imaging, will guide readers in the understanding of one of the most exciting fields today. After an introductory description of classical machine learning techniques, the fundamentals of deep learning are explained in a simple yet comprehensive manner. The book then proceeds with a historical perspective of how medical AI developed in time, detailing which applications triumphed and which failed, from the era of computer aided detection systems on to the current cutting-edge applications in deep learning today, which are starting to exhibit on-par performance with clinical experts. In the last section, the book offers a view on the complexity of the validation of artificial intelligence applications for commercial use, describing the recently introduced concept of software as a medical device, as well as good practices and relevant considerations for training and testing machine learning systems for medical use. Open problematics on the validation for public use of systems which by nature continuously evolve through new data is also explored. The book will be of interest to graduate students in medical physics, biomedical engineering and computer science, in addition to researchers and medical professionals operating in the medical imaging domain, who wish to better understand these technologies and the future of the field. Features: An accessible yet detailed overview of the field Explores a hot and growing topic Provides an interdisciplinary perspective

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Book
Author : Allan Tucker,Pedro Henriques Abreu,Jaime Cardoso,Pedro Pereira Rodrigues,David Riaño
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-08
ISBN : 303077211X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2021, held as a virtual event, in June 2021. The 28 full papers presented together with 30 short papers were selected from 138 submissions. The papers are grouped in topical sections on image analysis; predictive modelling; temporal data analysis; unsupervised learning; planning and decision support; deep learning; natural language processing; and knowledge representation and rule mining.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Healthcare Book
Author : Ankur Saxena,Shivani Chandra
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 9811608113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning in healthcare. It discusses integrating the principles of computer science, life science, and statistics incorporated into statistical models using existing data, discovering patterns in data to extract the information, and predicting the changes and diseases based on this data and models. The initial chapters of the book cover the practical applications of artificial intelligence for disease prognosis & management. Further, the role of artificial intelligence and machine learning is discussed with reference to specific diseases like diabetes mellitus, cancer, mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Covid-19. The chapters provide working examples on how different types of healthcare data can be used to develop models and predict diseases using machine learning and artificial intelligence. The book also touches upon precision medicine, personalized medicine, and transfer learning, with the real examples. Further, it also discusses the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence for visualization, prediction, detection, and diagnosis of Covid -19. This book is a valuable source of information for programmers, healthcare professionals, and researchers interested in understanding the applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in healthcare.

Artificial Intelligence for Drug Development Precision Medicine and Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence for Drug Development  Precision Medicine  and Healthcare Book
Author : Mark Chang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 1000767302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artificial Intelligence for Drug Development, Precision Medicine, and Healthcare covers exciting developments at the intersection of computer science and statistics. While much of machine-learning is statistics-based, achievements in deep learning for image and language processing rely on computer science’s use of big data. Aimed at those with a statistical background who want to use their strengths in pursuing AI research, the book: · Covers broad AI topics in drug development, precision medicine, and healthcare. · Elaborates on supervised, unsupervised, reinforcement, and evolutionary learning methods. · Introduces the similarity principle and related AI methods for both big and small data problems. · Offers a balance of statistical and algorithm-based approaches to AI. · Provides examples and real-world applications with hands-on R code. · Suggests the path forward for AI in medicine and artificial general intelligence. As well as covering the history of AI and the innovative ideas, methodologies and software implementation of the field, the book offers a comprehensive review of AI applications in medical sciences. In addition, readers will benefit from hands on exercises, with included R code.

Machine Learning in Cardiovascular Medicine

Machine Learning in Cardiovascular Medicine Book
Author : Subhi J. Al'Aref,Gurpreet Singh,Lohendran Baskaran,Dimitri Metaxas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128202742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Machine Learning in Cardiovascular Medicine addresses the ever-expanding applications of artificial intelligence (AI), specifically machine learning (ML), in healthcare and within cardiovascular medicine. The book focuses on emphasizing ML for biomedical applications and provides a comprehensive summary of the past and present of AI, basics of ML, and clinical applications of ML within cardiovascular medicine for predictive analytics and precision medicine. It helps readers understand how ML works along with its limitations and strengths, such that they can could harness its computational power to streamline workflow and improve patient care. It is suitable for both clinicians and engineers; providing a template for clinicians to understand areas of application of machine learning within cardiovascular research; and assist computer scientists and engineers in evaluating current and future impact of machine learning on cardiovascular medicine. Provides an overview of machine learning, both for a clinical and engineering audience Summarize recent advances in both cardiovascular medicine and artificial intelligence Discusses the advantages of using machine learning for outcomes research and image processing Addresses the ever-expanding application of this novel technology and discusses some of the unique challenges associated with such an approach

Explainable AI in Healthcare and Medicine

Explainable AI in Healthcare and Medicine Book
Author : Arash Shaban-Nejad,Martin Michalowski,David L. Buckeridge
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 3030533522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the latest advances in the application of artificial intelligence and data science in health care and medicine. Featuring selected papers from the 2020 Health Intelligence Workshop, held as part of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Annual Conference, it offers an overview of the issues, challenges, and opportunities in the field, along with the latest research findings. Discussing a wide range of practical applications, it makes the emerging topics of digital health and explainable AI in health care and medicine accessible to a broad readership. The availability of explainable and interpretable models is a first step toward building a culture of transparency and accountability in health care. As such, this book provides information for scientists, researchers, students, industry professionals, public health agencies, and NGOs interested in the theory and practice of computational models of public and personalized health intelligence.

Intelligence Based Medicine

Intelligence Based Medicine Book
Author : Anthony C. Chang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-08
ISBN : 012816462X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intelligence-Based Medicine: Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, and Human Cognition in Clinical Medicine and Healthcare provides a multidisciplinary and comprehensive survey of artificial intelligence concepts and methodologies with real life applications in healthcare and medicine. Authored by a senior physician-data scientist, the book presents an intellectual and academic interface between the medical and the data science domains that is symmetric and balanced. The content consists of basic concepts of artificial intelligence and its real-life applications in a myriad of medical areas as well as medical and surgical subspecialties. It brings section summaries to emphasize key concepts delineated in each section; mini-topics authored by world-renowned experts in the respective key areas for their personal perspective; and a compendium of practical resources, such as glossary, references, best articles, and top companies. The goal of the book is to inspire clinicians to embrace the artificial intelligence methodologies as well as to educate data scientists about the medical ecosystem, in order to create a transformational paradigm for healthcare and medicine by using this emerging new technology. Covers a wide range of relevant topics from cloud computing, intelligent agents, to deep reinforcement learning and internet of everything Presents the concepts of artificial intelligence and its applications in an easy-to-understand format accessible to clinicians and data scientists Discusses how artificial intelligence can be utilized in a myriad of subspecialties and imagined of the future Delineates the necessary elements for successful implementation of artificial intelligence in medicine and healthcare

Machine Learning in Medicine a Complete Overview

Machine Learning in Medicine   a Complete Overview Book
Author : Ton J. Cleophas,Aeilko H. Zwinderman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-27
ISBN : 3319151959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current book is the first publication of a complete overview of machine learning methodologies for the medical and health sector. It was written as a training companion and as a must-read, not only for physicians and students, but also for any one involved in the process and progress of health and health care. In eighty chapters eighty different machine learning methodologies are reviewed, in combination with data examples for self-assessment. Each chapter can be studied without the need to consult other chapters. The amount of data stored in the world's databases doubles every 20 months, and clinicians, familiar with traditional statistical methods, are at a loss to analyze them. Traditional methods have, indeed, difficulty to identify outliers in large datasets, and to find patterns in big data and data with multiple exposure / outcome variables. In addition, analysis-rules for surveys and questionnaires, which are currently common methods of data collection, are, essentially, missing. Fortunately, the new discipline, machine learning, is able to cover all of these limitations. So far medical professionals have been rather reluctant to use machine learning. Also, in the field of diagnosis making, few doctors may want a computer checking them, are interested in collaboration with a computer or with computer engineers. Adequate health and health care will, however, soon be impossible without proper data supervision from modern machine learning methodologies like cluster models, neural networks and other data mining methodologies. Each chapter starts with purposes and scientific questions. Then, step-by-step analyses, using data examples, are given. Finally, a paragraph with conclusion, and references to the corresponding sites of three introductory textbooks, previously written by the same authors, is given.

Machine Learning and Medical Imaging

Machine Learning and Medical Imaging Book
Author : Guorong Wu,Dinggang Shen,Mert Sabuncu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-11
ISBN : 0128041145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Machine Learning and Medical Imaging presents state-of- the-art machine learning methods in medical image analysis. It first summarizes cutting-edge machine learning algorithms in medical imaging, including not only classical probabilistic modeling and learning methods, but also recent breakthroughs in deep learning, sparse representation/coding, and big data hashing. In the second part leading research groups around the world present a wide spectrum of machine learning methods with application to different medical imaging modalities, clinical domains, and organs. The biomedical imaging modalities include ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), histology, and microscopy images. The targeted organs span the lung, liver, brain, and prostate, while there is also a treatment of examining genetic associations. Machine Learning and Medical Imaging is an ideal reference for medical imaging researchers, industry scientists and engineers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and clinicians. Demonstrates the application of cutting-edge machine learning techniques to medical imaging problems Covers an array of medical imaging applications including computer assisted diagnosis, image guided radiation therapy, landmark detection, imaging genomics, and brain connectomics Features self-contained chapters with a thorough literature review Assesses the development of future machine learning techniques and the further application of existing techniques