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Artemisinin Based And Other Antimalarials

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Artemisinin Based and Other Antimalarials

Artemisinin Based and Other Antimalarials Book
Author : Guoqiao Li,Ying Li,Zelin Li,Meiyi Zeng
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-28
ISBN : 0128132116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artemisinin-Based and Other Antimalarials: Detailed Account of Studies by Chinese Scientists Who Discovered and Developed Them provides a historical and scientific background of the discovery and development of artemisinin, artemisinin derivatives, combination drugs and related chemicals. It is a historical document, a scientific treatise, and a fascinating description of innovative research on new drug development that is carried out under extremely difficult conditions. The book also includes detailed experiments, physical-chemical procedures, practical methodologies and clinical trials. It is a valuable reference for students and researchers in the fields of scientific history, medicine, pharmaceutical science, chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. Presents details of all stages of drug development, including in vitro experiment, animal exploratory studies, animal tests for toxicity, safety and efficacy followed by stages I, II, III and IV, safety and efficacy in human volunteers and patients with malaria Provides many physical-chemical laboratory procedures, such as NMR, MS, HPLC and X-ray diffraction used in drug development Includes practical methodology of clinical trials from many research centers and countries to demonstrate the importance of this discovery

Saving Lives Buying Time

Saving Lives  Buying Time Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on the Economics of Antimalarial Drugs
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-10-09
ISBN : 0309092183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For more than 50 years, low-cost antimalarial drugs silently saved millions of lives and cured billions of debilitating infections. Today, however, these drugs no longer work against the deadliest form of malaria that exists throughout the world. Malaria deaths in sub-Saharan Africaâ€"currently just over one million per yearâ€"are rising because of increased resistance to the old, inexpensive drugs. Although effective new drugs called “artemisinins†are available, they are unaffordable for the majority of the affected population, even at a cost of one dollar per course. Saving Lives, Buying Time: Economics of Malaria Drugs in an Age of Resistance examines the history of malaria treatments, provides an overview of the current drug crisis, and offers recommendations on maximizing access to and effectiveness of antimalarial drugs. The book finds that most people in endemic countries will not have access to currently effective combination treatments, which should include an artemisinin, without financing from the global community. Without funding for effective treatment, malaria mortality could double over the next 10 to 20 years and transmission will intensify.

Treatment and Prevention of Malaria

Treatment and Prevention of Malaria Book
Author : Henry M. Staines,Sanjeev Krishna
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-06
ISBN : 3034604793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Malaria has defeated previous efforts at eradication and remains a massive global public health problem despite being readily preventable and treatable. It is a devastating disease that also extracts huge economic costs from the poorest countries in endemic regions. Starting with an overview of the disease and its current political, financial and technical context, this Milestones in Drug Therapy volume describes the history, chemistry, mechanisms of action and resistance, preclinical and clinical use, pharmacokinetics and safety and tolerability of the current range of antimalarial drugs. There is particular emphasis on artemisinins and related peroxides, as these drugs have now become the frontline treatment for malaria. Next generation antimalarials, molecular markers for detecting resistance, the importance of diagnostics and disease prevention are also covered in detail.

Economic Analysis of Malaria Control in Sub Saharan Africa

Economic Analysis of Malaria Control in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Catherine Goodman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Economic Analysis of Malaria Control in Sub Saharan Africa book written by Catherine Goodman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antimalarial Chemotherapy

Antimalarial Chemotherapy Book
Author : Philip J. Rosenthal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-04-01
ISBN : 1592591116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Philip Rosenthal, MD, and a panel of leading malaria experts drawn from academia, the military, and international health organizations survey the latest scientific understanding of antimalarial chemotherapy, emphasizing the molecular mechanisms of resistance and the description of important new targets. Their survey covers the current status of malarial and antimalarial chemotherapy, the relevant biology and biochemistry of malaria parasites, the antimalarial drugs currently available, new chemical approaches to chemotherapy, and possible new targets for chemotherapy. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Antimalarial Chemotherapy: Mechanisms of Action, Resistance, and New Directions in Drug Discovery clearly delineates all the basic and clinical research now addressing one of the world's major unresolved disease problems, work that is now powerfully driving the rapid pace of antimalarial drug discovery today.

Current Topics in Malaria

Current Topics in Malaria Book
Author : Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-11-30
ISBN : 9535127896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Current Topics in Malaria book written by Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Antimalarial Drugs Used in Combination Therapy

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Antimalarial Drugs Used in Combination Therapy Book
Author : Qigui Li,Mark R. Hickman
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2015-06-04
ISBN : 1681080540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Malaria takes a great toll on human health and well-being, particularly in tropical regions including Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Oceania and parts of the Americas. In recent years, some Plasmodium strains have become increasingly resistant to all classes of conventional antimalarial drugs currently in use. Researchers have, therefore, stepped up efforts to revise atimalarial drug policies, develop new drugs, and implement new strategies to combat this disease. In order to prevent widespread resistance, antimalarial combination therapies (ACTs) have been deployed and a World Antimalarial Resistance Network has been established as a means of anitimalarial drug resistance surveillance. Artemisinin-based combination therapies have proven to be useful as a replacement for standard regimens. Currently, these ACTs successfully cure patients suffering from uncomplicated malaria with superior efficacy and lower toxicity, but there remains a huge challenge (high mortality rate) associated with treatment of severe malaria. Studies of drug disposition and drug efficacy (PK/PD evaluations) are essential to understanding why drugs work as antimalarials as they illustrate issues with drug resistance, drug safety and drug toxicity that are critical to finding the appropriate drug dose for patients. This eBook illustrates how currently available combination antimalarial drugs can be optimized for effective malaria treatment. Chapters in this book explain methods to select combination drugs based on PK/PD evaluations followed by methods o reduce drug toxicity based on these evaluations. The book also summarizes efforts that are being made by the research community to improve ACT. It is, therefore, a handy reference for medical professionals and pharmacologists working on antimalarial drugs.

Artemisinin based and Other Antimalarials

Artemisinin based and Other Antimalarials Book
Author : Keith Arnold,Muoi Arnold,Meiyi Zeng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9787030570413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Artemisinin based and Other Antimalarials book written by Keith Arnold,Muoi Arnold,Meiyi Zeng, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria Third Edition

Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria  Third Edition Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2015-08-13
ISBN : 9241549122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Malaria remains an important cause of illness and death in children and adults in countries in which it is endemic. Malaria control requires an integrated approach including prevention (primarily vector control) and prompt treatment with effective antimalarial agents. Malaria case management consisting of prompt diagnosis and effective treatment remains a vital component of malaria control and elimination strategies. Since the publication of the first edition of the Guidelines for the treatment of malaria in 2006 and the second edition in 2010 all countries in which P. falciparum malaria is endemic have progressively updated their treatment policy from use of ineffective monotherapy to the currently recommended artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT). This has contributed substantially to current reductions in global morbidity and mortality from malaria. Unfortunately resistance to artemisinins has arisen recently in P. falciparum in South-East Asia which threatens these gains. This third edition of the WHO Guidelines for the treatment of malaria contains updated recommendations based on a firmer evidence base for most antimalarial drugs and in addition include recommendation on the use of drugs to prevent malaria in groups at high risk. The Guidelines provide a framework for designing specific detailed national treatment protocols taking into account local patterns of resistance to antimalarial drugs and health service capacity. It provides recommendations on treatment of uncomplicated and severe malaria in all age groups all endemic areas in special populations and several complex situations. In addition on the use of antimalarial drugs as preventive therapy in healthy people living in malaria-endemic areas who are high risk in order to reduce morbidity and mortality from malaria. The Guidelines are designed primarily for policy-makers in ministries of health who formulate country-specific treatment guidelines. Other groups that may find them useful include health professionals and public health and policy specialists that are partners in health or malaria control and the pharmaceutical industry. The treatment recommendations in the main document are brief; for those who wish to study the evidence base in more detail a series of annexes is provided with references to the appropriate sections of the main document.

Antimalarial Drug II

Antimalarial Drug II Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642692540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The construction of this volume has been guided by two personal convictions. Experience in the field of experimental chemotherapy, both in the pharmaceutical industry and academia, has convinced us that recent quantum technological advances in biochemistry, molecular biology, and immunology will permit and, indeed, necessitate an increasingly greater use of rational drug development in the future than has been the custom up to now. In Part l, therefore, we asked our contributors to provide detailed reviews covering the biology of the malaria parasites and their relation with their hosts, the experimental procedures including culture techniques that are necessary to take a drug from primary screening to clinical trial, and an account of antimalarial drug resistance. Our second conviction is that many research workers are all too loath to learn from the lessons of the past. For this reason we asked the contributors to Part 2 of this volume to review very thoroughly the widely scattered but voluminous literature on those few chemical groups that have provided the antimalarial drugs in clinical use at the present time. Much can be learned from the history of their development and the problems that have arisen with them in man. Some indeed may still have much to offer if they can be deployed in better ways than they are at present. This question has been taken up by several authors.

Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016 2030

Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016 2030 Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2015-11-04
ISBN : 9241564997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The World Health Organization's Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016- 2030 has been developed with the aim to help countries to reduce the human suffering caused by the world's deadliest mosquito-borne disease. Adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2015 it provides comprehensive technical guidance to countries and development partners for the next 15 years emphasizing the importance of scaling up malaria responses and moving towards elimination. It also highlights the urgent need to increase investments across all interventions - including preventive measures diagnostic testing treatment and disease surveillance- as well as in harnessing innovation and expanding research. By adopting this strategy WHO Member States have endorsed the bold vision of a world free of malaria and set the ambitious new target of reducing the global malaria burden by 90% by 2030. They also agreed to strengthen health systems address emerging multi-drug and insecticide resistance and intensify national cross-border and regional efforts to scale up malaria responses to protect everyone at risk.

Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria

Guidelines for the Treatment of Malaria Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9241547928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The purpose of this document is to provide comprehensible, global, evidence-based guidelines to help formulate policies and protocols for the treatment of malaria. Information is presented on the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, including disease in special groups (young children, pregnant women, people who are HIV positive, travellers from non-malaria endemic regions) and in complex emergency situations and severe malaria."--Publisher's description.

Antimalarial Natural Products

Antimalarial Natural Products Book
Author : A. Douglas Kinghorn,Heinz Falk,Simon Gibbons,Yoshinori Asakawa,Ji-Kai Liu,Verena M. Dirsch
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-01-04
ISBN : 9783030898724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume begins with a short history of malaria and follows with a summary of its biology. It then traces the fascinating history of the discovery of quinine for malaria treatment, and then describes quinine’s biosynthesis, its mechanism of action, and its clinical use, concluding with a discussion of synthetic antimalarial agents based on quinine’s structure. It also covers the discovery of artemisinin and its development as the source of the most effective current antimalarial drug, including summaries of its synthesis and biosynthesis, its mechanism of action, and its clinical use and resistance. A short discussion of other clinically used antimalarial natural products leads to a detailed treatment of additional natural products with significant antiplasmodial activity, classified by compound type. Although the search for new antimalarial natural products from Nature’s combinatorial library is challenging, it is very likely to yield new antimalarial drugs. This book thus ends by identifying ten natural products with development potential as clinical antimalarial agents.

Antimalarial Agents

Antimalarial Agents Book
Author : Graham L. Patrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-30
ISBN : 0081012411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimalarial Agents: Design and Mechanism of Action seeks to support medicinal chemists in their work towards antimalarial solution, providing practical guidance on current developments and highlighting promising leads for the future. Malaria is a deadly disease which threatens half of the world’s population. Advances over the last decade have seen vast improvements in the effectiveness of both preventative measures and treatments, but the rapid adaptability of the disease means that the ongoing search for improved and novel antimalarial drugs is essential. Beginning with a focus on biological aspects of malaria, this book highlights the lifecycle of the parasite responsible for malaria, the problem of resistance, genetic mapping of the parasite’s genome, established drug targets, and potential drug targets for the future. The book also includes detailed study of the medicinal chemistry of antimalarial agents and a focus on the design of antimalarial drugs. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert authors and coupling historic research with current findings to provide a full picture of both past and current milestones, Antimalarial Agents: Design and Mechanism of Action is a comprehensive yet accessible guide for all those involved in the design, development and administration of antimalarial drugs, including academic researchers, medicinal chemists, malaria researchers and pharmaceutical scientists. Consolidates both past and current developments in the discovery and design of antimalarial drugs Presents content in a style that is both thorough and engaging, providing a supportive and guiding reference to students and researchers from interdisciplinary backgrounds Highlights drug targets currently considered to be the most promising for future therapies, and the classes of compounds that are currently being studied and perfected

CDC Yellow Book 2018 Health Information for International Travel

CDC Yellow Book 2018  Health Information for International Travel Book
Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-04-17
ISBN : 0190628634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THE ESSENTIAL WORK IN TRAVEL MEDICINE -- NOW COMPLETELY UPDATED FOR 2018 As unprecedented numbers of travelers cross international borders each day, the need for up-to-date, practical information about the health challenges posed by travel has never been greater. For both international travelers and the health professionals who care for them, the CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel is the definitive guide to staying safe and healthy anywhere in the world. The fully revised and updated 2018 edition codifies the U.S. government's most current health guidelines and information for international travelers, including pretravel vaccine recommendations, destination-specific health advice, and easy-to-reference maps, tables, and charts. The 2018 Yellow Book also addresses the needs of specific types of travelers, with dedicated sections on: · Precautions for pregnant travelers, immunocompromised travelers, and travelers with disabilities · Special considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees · Practical tips for last-minute or resource-limited travelers · Advice for air crews, humanitarian workers, missionaries, and others who provide care and support overseas Authored by a team of the world's most esteemed travel medicine experts, the Yellow Book is an essential resource for travelers -- and the clinicians overseeing their care -- at home and abroad.

Malaria

Malaria Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Division of International Health,Committee for the Study on Malaria Prevention and Control
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1991-02-01
ISBN : 9780309045278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Malaria is making a dramatic comeback in the world. The disease is the foremost health challenge in Africa south of the Sahara, and people traveling to malarious areas are at increased risk of malaria-related sickness and death. This book examines the prospects for bringing malaria under control, with specific recommendations for U.S. policy, directions for research and program funding, and appropriate roles for federal and international agencies and the medical and public health communities. The volume reports on the current status of malaria research, prevention, and control efforts worldwide. The authors present study results and commentary on the: Nature, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and epidemiology of malaria. Biology of the malaria parasite and its vector. Prospects for developing malaria vaccines and improved treatments. Economic, social, and behavioral factors in malaria control.

World Malaria Report 2008

World Malaria Report 2008 Book
Author : Maru Aregawi,World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9241563699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Curious kids will delight in the joy of scientific discovery through the fifty fun activities in The Budding Scientist! This book is filled with great ways for you and your child to learn about how our world works. Create memories together as you make invisible ink, explore ice crystals, and investigate magnets. Perfect for children ages three to six, this fun-filled introduction to science features easy-to-follow instructions and easy-to-find materials that will help you satisfy your child’s natural curiosity.

From Artemisia annua L to Artemisinins

From Artemisia annua L  to Artemisinins Book
Author : Youyou Tu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-08
ISBN : 0128116560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Artemisia annua L. to Artemisinins: The Discovery and Development of Artemisinins and Antimalarial Agents is the first book that systematically introduces the origin and development of artemisinine and artemisinine-based drugs. It includes four distinct sections, including Artemisia annua L., Artemisinin, Dihydroartemisinin, and other artemisinin derivatives. Tu Youyou, the chief inventor of artemisinin, together with other members from the research team, have written a book that will be a valuable reference work for both researchers involved in the medical industry and scholars who are interested in undertaking innovative research. Presents a full view of artemisinin, not only its origin and development, but also chemical structure, chemical properties, extracting mode, derivatives, chromogenic reaction, general pharmacological, and toxicology. Provides many aspects of artemisinin-based drugs Incudes lots of experimental data, such as the X-ray crystallography result—the first application reported in China in determining the absolute molecular configuration utilizing the scattering effects of oxygen atoms by X-ray diffraction technique

Antimalarial Drugs

Antimalarial Drugs Book
Author : Qigui Li,Peter J. Weina
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 9781629480138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anti-malarial drugs are medicines that prevent or treat malaria, a disease which takes a great toll on human health and well-being, particularly in tropical regions including Africa south of the Sahara, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania, and parts of the Americas. In recent years, strains of Plasmodium have become increasingly resistant to more anti-malarial drugs and researchers have stepped up efforts to revise anti-malarial drug policies and develop new anti-malarial strategies. Resistance has arisen to all classes of antimalarials (chloroquine, amodiaquine, mefloquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine) except, as yet, definitively to the artemisinin derivatives. In order to prevent widespread resistance, the concept of anti-malarial combination therapy (CT) has been employed and a global resistance surveillance system (World Anti-malarial Resistance Networks) has been established. This book explores the use of these drugs in current health care.

Hepatotoxicity

Hepatotoxicity Book
Author : Hyman J. Zimmerman
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780781719520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by the foremost authority in the field, this volume is a comprehensive review of the multifaceted phenomenon of hepatotoxicity. Dr. Zimmerman examines the interface between chemicals and the liver; the latest research in experimental hepatotoxicology; the hepatotoxic risks of household, industrial, and environmental chemicals; and the adverse effects of drugs on the liver. This thoroughly revised, updated Second Edition features a greatly expanded section on the wide variety of drugs that can cause liver injury. For quick reference, an appendix lists these medications and their associated hepatic injuries. Also included are in-depth discussions of drug metabolism and factors affecting susceptibility to liver injury.