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Aquatic Functional Biodiversity

Aquatic Functional Biodiversity Book
Author : Andrea Belgrano,Guy Woodward,Ute Jacob
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-25
ISBN : 012417020X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquatic Functional Biodiversity: An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective provides a general conceptual framework by some of the most prominent investigators in the field for how to link eco-evolutionary approaches with functional diversity to understand and conserve the provisioning of ecosystem services in aquatic systems. Rather than producing another methodological book, the editors and authors primarily concentrate on defining common grounds, connecting conceptual frameworks and providing examples by a more detailed discussion of a few empirical studies and projects, which illustrate key ideas and an outline of potential future directions and challenges that are expected in this interdisciplinary research field. Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in using network approaches to disentangle the relationship between biodiversity, community structure and functioning. Novel methods for model construction are being developed constantly, and modern methods allow for the inclusion of almost any type of explanatory variable that can be correlated either with biodiversity or ecosystem functioning. As a result these models have been widely used in ecology, conservation and eco-evolutionary biology. Nevertheless, there remains a considerable gap on how well these approaches are feasible to understand the mechanisms on how biodiversity constrains the provisioning of ecosystem services. Defines common theoretical grounds in terms of terminology and conceptual issues Connects theory and practice in ecology and eco-evolutionary sciences Provides examples for successful biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service management

Aquatic Biodiversity II

Aquatic Biodiversity II Book
Author : H. Segers,K. Martens
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-01-20
ISBN : 140204111X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freshwater Biodiversity is a much underestimated component of global biodiversity, both in its diversity and in its potential to act as models for fundamental research in evolutionary biology and ecosystem studies. Freshwater organisms also reflect quality of water bodies and can thus be used to monitor changes in ecosystem health. The present book comprises a unique collection of primary research papers spanning a wide range of topics in aquatic biodiversity studies, and including a first global assessment of specific diversity of freshwater animals. The book also presents a section on the interaction between scientists and science policy managers. A target opinion paper lists priorities in aquatic biodiversity research for the next decade and several reactions from distinguished scientists discuss the relevance of these items from different points of view: fundamental ecology, taxonomy and systematics, needs of developing countries, present-day biodiversity policy at European and at global scales. It is believed that such a platform for the interaction between science and science policy is an absolute necessity for the efficient use of research budgets in the future.

Biodiversity in Aquatic Systems and Environments

Biodiversity in Aquatic Systems and Environments Book
Author : Noboru Okuda,Katsutoshi Watanabe,Kayoko Fukumori,Shin-ichi Nakano,Takefumi Nakazawa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-09
ISBN : 4431541500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest topics in ecological and evolutionary research on aquatic biodiversity from bacteria to fishes, with special reference to Lake Biwa, an ancient lake in western Japan. With a geological history of 4 million years, Lake Biwa is the third oldest lake in the world. It is considered a biodiversity hotspot, where 1,769 aquatic species including 61 endemics are recorded, providing a rare opportunity to study the evolutionary diversification of aquatic biota and its ecological consequences. The first chapter introduces the evolutionary history of biodiversity, especially of fish in this lake. In the second chapter, some examples of trophic polymorphism in fish are described. Fish are keystone predators in lake ecosystems, and they can be a major driver for altering biological communities through their top-down trophic cascading effects. An excellent laboratory experiment is presented, demonstrating that functional diversity of fish feeding morphology alters food web properties of plankton prey communities. The third chapter focuses on aquatic microbes, whose abundance and diversity may also be influenced by the diversity of fish through top-down trophic cascades. Aquatic microbes can have a strong impact on ecosystem functioning in lakes, and in this chapter, the latest molecular techniques used to examine genetic and functional diversity of microbial communities are introduced. The final chapter presents theoretical frameworks for predicting how biodiversity has the potential to control the incidence and intensity of human-induced regime shifts. While respecting the precious nature of biodiversity in lakes, it is essential to be aware that modern human activities have brought a crisis of biodiversity loss in lakes worldwide. Throughout this book, readers will learn why biodiversity must be conserved at all levels, from genes to ecosystems.

Water Science Policy and Management

Water Science  Policy and Management Book
Author : Simon James Dadson,Dustin E. Garrick,Edmund C. Penning-Rowsell,Jim W. Hall,Rob Hope,Jocelyne Hughes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-10-23
ISBN : 1119520592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides an in-depth look at science, policy and management in the water sector across the globe Sustainable water management is an increasingly complex challenge and policy priority facing global society. This book examines how governments, municipalities, corporations, and individuals find sustainable water management pathways across competing priorities of water for ecosystems, food, energy, economic growth and human consumption. It looks at the current politics and economics behind the management of our freshwater ecosystems and infrastructure and offers insightful essays that help stimulate more intense and informed debate about the subject and its need for local and international cooperation. This book celebrates the 15-year anniversary of Oxford University’s MSc course in Water Science, Policy and Management. Edited and written by some of the leading minds in the field, writing alongside alumni from the course, Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge offers in-depth chapters in three parts: Science; Policy; and Management. Topics cover: hydroclimatic extremes and climate change; the past, present, and future of groundwater resources; water quality modelling, monitoring, and management; and challenges for freshwater ecosystems. The book presents critical views on the monitoring and modelling of hydrological processes; the rural water policy in Africa and Asia; the political economy of wastewater in Europe; drought policy management and water allocation. It also examines the financing of water infrastructure; the value of wastewater; water resource planning; sustainable urban water supply and the human right to water. Features perspectives from some of the world’s leading experts on water policy and management Identifies and addresses current and future water sector challenges Charts water policy trends across a rapidly evolving set of challenges in a variety of global areas Covers the reallocation of water; policy process of risk management; the future of the world’s water under global environmental change; and more Water Science, Policy and Management: A Global Challenge is an essential book for policy makers and government agencies involved in water management, and for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying water science, governance, and policy.

Biodiversity in Land inland Water Ecotones

Biodiversity in Land inland Water Ecotones Book
Author : J. B. Lachavanne,Raphaëlle Juge
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9789231033520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Philosophers, writers and scientists, from cell biologists to ecologists, have long recognized the special nature of boundaries and interface areas of all kinds. Among ecologists in particular, there has been an upsurge in interest in the sensitive boundary areas of interaction between ecosystems, which are called 'ecotones' and which are often characterized by higher biological diversity than adjacent areas.

The Functional Consequences of Biodiversity

The Functional Consequences of Biodiversity Book
Author : David Tilman,Ann P. Kinzig,Stephen Pacala
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-02-15
ISBN : 1400847303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Does biodiversity influence how ecosystems function? Might diversity loss affect the ability of ecosystems to deliver services of benefit to humankind? Ecosystems provide food, fuel, fiber, and drinkable water, regulate local and regional climate, and recycle needed nutrients, among other things. An ecosyste's ability to sustain functioning may depend on the number of species residing in the ecosystem--its biological diversity--but this has been a controversial hypothesis. There are many unanswered questions about how and why changes in biodiversity could alter ecosystem functioning. This volume, written by top researchers, synthesizes empirical studies on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and extends that knowledge using a novel and coordinated set of models and theoretical approaches. These experimental and theoretical analyses demonstrate that functioning usually increases with biodiversity, but also reveals when and under what circumstances other relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning might occur. It also accounts for apparent changes in diversity-functioning relationships that emerge over time in disturbed ecosystems, thereby addressing a major controversy in the field. The volume concludes with a blueprint for moving beyond small-scale studies to regional ones--a move of enormous significance for policy and conservation but one that will entail tackling some of the most fundamental challenges in ecology. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Juan Armesto, Claudia Neuhauser, Andy Hector, Clarence Lehman, Peter Kareiva, Sharon Lawler, Peter Chesson, Teri Balser, Mary K. Firestone, Robert Holt, Michel Loreau, Johannes Knops, David Wedin, Peter Reich, Shahid Naeem, Bernhard Schmid, Jasmin Joshi, and Felix Schläpfer.

Neotropical Simuliidae Diptera Insecta

Neotropical Simuliidae  Diptera  Insecta  Book
Author : Sixto Coscarón,Cecilia L. Coscarón Arias
Publisher : Pensoft Publishers
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9546422932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summarizes information concerning the American simuliid fauna south of the United States. This book also includes morphological diagnoses of females, males, pupae and larvae, as well as keys (in English and Spanish), illustrations of characters, mapped distributions, and bionomics.

Biodiversity of the Southeastern United States Lowland Terrestrial Communities

Biodiversity of the Southeastern United States  Lowland Terrestrial Communities Book
Author : William E. Martin,William Haywood Martin,Stephen G. Boyce,Arthur C. Echternacht
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1993-05-03
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describing the diverse ecology of the southeastern U.S., it presents an integrated overview of each aquatic system in the area organized around its specific functional processes. Begins by studying the setting and extent of each aquatic community in the past, present and future. It goes on to examine the plants and animals that dominate each community and the interaction between community species. Also includes sections on attributes relative to the physical environment that structure and define each community, resource use and management, future research and management problems of the area.

Forest Diversity and Function

Forest Diversity and Function Book
Author : Michael Scherer-Lorenzen,Ernst-Detlef Schulze
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9783540221913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Productivity, biodiversity, biogeochemical cycles, tree.

Aquatic Macrophyte Risk Assessment for Pesticides

Aquatic Macrophyte Risk Assessment for Pesticides Book
Author : Lorraine Maltby,Dave Arnold,Gertie Arts,Jo Davies,Fred Heimbach,Christina Pickl,Veronique Poulsen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-11-10
ISBN : 1439822131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given the essential role that primary producers play in aquatic ecosystems, it is imperative that the potential risk of pesticides to the structure and functioning of aquatic plants is adequately assessed. An integration of regulatory and research information from key specialists in the area of environmental regulation, Aquatic Macrophyte Risk Assessment for Pesticides provides a state-of-the-art guide to ecotoxicological risk assessment. Written by well-known experts in the field of aquatic risk assessment, this book is a practical reference for the assessment of the risk of pesticides with herbicidal activity to aquatic macrophytes. The book supplies a concise, coherent, and science-based view from influential regulators, academics, and industry scientists. They address the selection of additional species, critical regulatory endpoints, and assessing the risk of plant protection products to aquatic macrophytes. They also present a clear description of key issues in macrophyte risk assessment, information on macrophyte test methods, suitable measurement endpoints, and data evaluation and interpretation. Filled with recommendations distilled from existing regulatory experiences of aquatic macrophyte risk assessment, the book includes case studies to identify issues, data gaps, and inadequacies in study design. It also identifies improvements to risk assessment that could be implemented immediately and those for which further research is needed. An authoritative resource, the book points the way to an improved approach to aquatic macrophyte risk assessment.

Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems

Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems Book
Author : Stanford, L. Loeb,Anne Spacie
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1994-01-24
ISBN : 9780873719100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With regional, national, and global processes affecting both the structure and function of lakes and rivers, assessment methodology must encompass many attributes to evaluate the impact of these processes on water quality. Many of the changes in biological communities correlate to resource exploitation, nonpoint pollutant interactions, and habitat alteration - factors that can be missed by routine chemical sampling. This creates the need for ecologically-based approaches to this problem. Biological monitoring is a fundamental part of an ecologically-based approach. Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems brings together contributions by authors recognized as leaders in the development and utilization of biological monitoring techniques for freshwater ecosystems. It provides a conceptual framework for the use of biological monitoring to assess the environmental health of freshwater resources. Biological monitoring is an important part of any water quality assessment program. Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems provides you with an understanding of water resources. It includes discussions concerning historical development, ecological basis, experimental design characteristics, case studies, and future concerns. As efforts to maintain and restore the world's water resources intensify, the need to develop accurate methods to assess the health of these resources becomes critical.

Biodiversity

Biodiversity Book
Author : Edward O. Wilson,Frances M. Peter,National Academy of Sciences (U.S.),Smithsonian Institution
Publisher : National Academies
Release : 1988-03
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional Roles of Biodiversity

Functional Roles of Biodiversity Book
Author : Harold A. Mooney
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1996
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity refers to the three attributes of living environments: the variety of distinct ecosystems they contain; the number of species within them; and the range of genetic diversity within the populations of each of these species. This book presents a synthesis of ideas emerging from 15 biome-specific workshops exploring our current knowledge of the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem processes. The contributions offer an assessment of the consequences of human activities at the ecosystem level and provide an appropriate framework for making future policy decisions.

Animal Biodiversity Patterns And Process

Animal Biodiversity Patterns And Process Book
Author : T. N. Ananthakrishnan ,K.G. Sivaramakrishnan
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2006-07-02
ISBN : 9387307476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

India being one of the top twelve mega biodiversity countries in the world, the increasing rate of erosion of biodiversity has been causing great concern. Because of socio-economic changes, biological diversity has to come to occupying the central stage as it holds `key to the maintenance of the world'. Biodiversity is a multifactered science bringing the ecologist and environmentalist together resulting in an interdisciplinary subject. Issues like ecosystem dynamics, global changes and impact of the loss of biodiversity at various level such as local, national and global levels have become important. As a result of the loss of increasingly recognised. The need to understand traditional ecological knowledge for managing biodiversity by the local people has also come to be appreciated. The book therefore, attempts to provide an overall emphasis of diverse aspects of animal biodiversity, including soil, vectors of animal and plant diseases, agroecosystem diversity, forest biodiversity, marine, fresh water and island biodiversity. The impact of taxonomy, biotechnology and remote sensing, besides the conservation and management of biodiversity has also been briefly discussed.

Biodiversity Dynamics and Conservation

Biodiversity Dynamics and Conservation Book
Author : C. Lévêque
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1997-05-13
ISBN : 9780521570336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a comprehensive book on the biodiversity of one of the most diverse ecosystems known - tropical freshwater.