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Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Book
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-01-27
ISBN : 0081000715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Book
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 0128160314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

Applied Plant Biotechnology

Applied Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : V. L. Chopra,Vedpal S. Malik,S. R. Bhat
Publisher : Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews several recent developments that relate to improving crop productivity and product diversification. Considers the genetic manipulation of major products such as carbohydrates, fatty acids, sesquiterpenes, and floriculture crops and discusses aspects of the biosafety, environmental release, and commercial exploitation of transgenics. Other topics include developing pest-resistant transgenic plants, producing human therapeutics in plants, using molecular biology techniques in plant breeding to protect intellectual property rights, and biosystematics. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0123948088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences, Second Edition presents both foundational and applied information on plants used by humans as sources of food, raw materials, and amenity purposes. It highlights how the underlying science and information links through to applications in practical situations. Since the last edition was published, the role of applied science in agricultural production has been brought into greater focus as fluctuations in global food production feed through into prices and availability to consumers. At the same time, technological advances are changing the way plant science is done. This Second Edition has been expanded to include specific chapters on the leading crops and crop-types, as well as updated chapters on plant development, photosynthesis, metabolism, nutrition, reproduction, seed biology, plant pests and diseases, weed biology, and responses to environmental stresses. The updated chapters reflect progress, particularly in genome sequencing and molecular genetics and biotechnology, including genetic modification, that have taken place since the first edition was published. In addition, the book places these developments in the wider context of biodiversity, food security, intellectual property, and ethical considerations. Presents complete, up-to-date, authoritative information on over 25 separate areas of plant science, covering both theory and applications Edited and written by a distinguished international group of editors and contributors Provides concise, easy to read gateway entries to topics, each supplemented with a further reading list that allows practitioners, students, and researchers to delve deeper into each topic

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : C.B. Nirmala,G. Rajalakshmi,Chandra Karthik
Publisher : MJP Publisher
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PART I PLANT GENOME ORGANIZATION NUCLEAR GENOME CHLOROPLAST AND ITS GENOME MITOCHONDRION AND ITS GENOME TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS Part II PLANT GROWTH AND REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION GROWTH HORMONES REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION DURING PLANT DEVELOPMENT PHYTOCHROMESEED STORAGE PROTEINSINDUCIBLE CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION PART III APPLIED PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY PLANT TISSUE CULTURE TRANSGENIC PLANTS MOLECULAR PHARMING Review Questions Glossary References Index

PlantOmics The Omics of Plant Science

PlantOmics  The Omics of Plant Science Book
Author : Debmalya Barh,Muhammad Sarwar Khan,Eric Davies
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-18
ISBN : 8132221729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PlantOmics: The Omics of Plant Science provides a comprehensive account of the latest trends and developments of omics technologies or approaches and their applications in plant science. Thirty chapters written by 90 experts from 15 countries are included in this state-of-the-art book. Each chapter describes one topic/omics such as: omics in model plants, spectroscopy for plants, next generation sequencing, functional genomics, cyto-metagenomics, epigenomics, miRNAomics, proteomics, metabolomics, glycomics, lipidomics, secretomics, phenomics, cytomics, physiomics, signalomics, thiolomics, organelle omics, micro morphomics, microbiomics, cryobionomics, nanotechnology, pharmacogenomics, and computational systems biology for plants. It provides up to date information, technologies, and their applications that can be adopted and applied easily for deeper understanding plant biology and therefore will be helpful in developing the strategy for generating cost-effective superior plants for various purposes. In the last chapter, the editors have proposed several new areas in plant omics that may be explored in order to develop an integrated meta-omics strategy to ensure the world and earth’s health and related issues. This book will be a valuable resource to students and researchers in the field of cutting-edge plant omics.

Applied Plant Virology

Applied Plant Virology Book
Author : L. P. Awasthi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-14
ISBN : 0128220538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Plant Virology: Advances, Detection, and Antiviral Strategies provides an overview on recent developments and applications in the field of plant virology. The book begins with an introduction to important advances in plant virology, but then covers topics including techniques for assay detection and the diagnosis of plant viruses, the purification, isolation and characterization of plant viruses, the architecture of plant viruses, the replication of plant viruses, the physiology of virus-infected hosts, vectors of plant viruses, and the nomenclature and classification of plants. The book also discusses defense strategies by utilizing antiviral agents and management strategies of virus and viroid diseases. With contributions from an international collection of experts, this book presents a practical resource for plant virologists, plant pathologists, horticulturalists, agronomists, biotechnologists, academics and researchers interested in up-to-date technologies and information that advance the field of plant virology. Covers the detection, control and management of plant viruses Discusses antiviral strategies, along with mechanisms of systemic induced resistance to enhance the defense of plants against viruses Provides contributory chapters from expert plant virologists from different parts of the world

Molecular Plant Breeding

Molecular Plant Breeding Book
Author : Yunbi Xu
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1845936248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in plant genomics and molecular biology have revolutionized our understanding of plant genetics, providing new opportunities for more efficient and controllable plant breeding. Successful techniques require a solid understanding of the underlying molecular biology as well as experience in applied plant breeding. Bridging the gap between developments in biotechnology and its applications in plant improvement, Molecular Plant Breeding provides an integrative overview of issues from basic theories to their applications to crop improvement including molecular marker technology, gene mapping, genetic transformation, quantitative genetics, and breeding methodology.

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY

PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY Book
Author : Sameer S. Bhagyawant & Nidhi Srivastava
Publisher : Horizon Books ( A Division of Ignited Minds Edutech P Ltd)
Release : 2015-03-01
ISBN : 9384044814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant science is one of the fundamental subjects to begin with. Biotechnology has given it a force to get modified into an applied field known as plant biotechnology. Plant tissue culture is widely used for direct commercial applications. Metabolic engineering of plants promises to create new opportunities in agriculture, environmental applications, production of chemicals and even medicine. Therefore, molecular techniques encompassing the use of plants are being focused in this era. The main aim of this book is to provide readers about the applied aspects of plant biotechnology.

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture Book
Author : Arie Altman,Paul M. Hasegawa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123814669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis. This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic. Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

Biotechnology and Plant Genetic Resources

Biotechnology and Plant Genetic Resources Book
Author : J. A. Callow,Brian Ford-Lloyd,H. J. Newbury
Publisher : Biotechnology in Agriculture
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in molecular and cell biology have led to the development of a whole range of techniques for manipulating genomes, collectively termed "biotechnology". Although much of the focus in the plant sciences has been on the direct manipulation of plant genomes, biotechnology has also catalyzed a renewed emphasis on the importance of biological and genetic diversity and its conservation. The methods of biotechnology now permit a greater understanding of both species and genetic diversity in plants, the mechanisms by which that variation is generated in nature, and the significance of that variation in the adaptation of plants to their environment. They allow the development of rapid methods for screening germplasm for specific characters and promote more effective conservation strategies by defining the extent of genetic diversity. Tissue culture-based techniques are available for conserving germplasm that cannot be maintained by more traditional methods. Also sophisticated informatics systems enable information on plant genetics and molecular biology to be cross-related to systematic, ecological and other data through international networks.

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding Book
Author : Aluízio Borém,Roberto Fritsche-Neto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 012417292X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding includes critical discussions of the newest and most important applications of biotechnology in plant breeding, covering key topics such as biometry applied to molecular analysis of genetic diversity, genetically modified plants, and more. This work goes beyond recombinant DNA technology to bring together key information and references on new biotech tools for cultivar development, such as double-haploids, molecular markers, and genome-wide selection, among others. It is increasingly challenging for plant breeders and agricultural systems to supply enough food, feed, fiber and biofuel for the global population. As plant breeding evolves and becomes increasingly sophisticated, a staggering volume of genetic data is now generated. Biotechnology and Plant Breeding helps researchers and students become familiar with how the vast amounts of genetic data are generated, stored, analyzed and applied. This practical resource integrates information about plant breeding into the context of modern science, and assists with training for plant breeders including those scientists who have a good understanding of molecular biology/biotechnology and need to learn the art and practice of plant breeding. Plant biologists, breeding technicians, agronomists, seed technologists, students, and any researcher interested in biotechnologies applied to plant breeding will find this work an essential tool and reference for the field. Presents in-depth but easy-to-understand coverage of topics, so plant breeders can readily comprehend them and apply them to their breeding programs Includes chapters that address the already developed and optimized biotechnologies for cultivar development, with real-world application for users Features contributions by authors with several years of experience in their areas of expertise

Applied Plant Cell Biology

Applied Plant Cell Biology Book
Author : Peter Nick,Zdeněk Opatrny
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 3642417876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this volume is to merge classical concepts of plant cell biology with the recent findings of molecular studies and real-world applications in a form attractive not only to specialists in the realm of fundamental research, but also to breeders and plant producers. Four sections deal with the control of development, the control of stress tolerance, the control of metabolic activity, and novel additions to the toolbox of modern plant cell biology in an exemplary and comprehensive manner and are targeted at a broad professional community. It serves as a clear example that a sustainable solution to the problems of food security must be firmly rooted in modern, continuously self re-evaluating cell-biological research. No green biotech without green cell biology. As advances in modern medicine is based on extensive knowledge of animal molecular cell biology, we need to understand the hidden laws of plant cells in order to handle crops, vegetables and forest trees. We need to exploit, not only empirically, their astounding developmental, physiological and metabolic plasticity, which allows plants to cope with environmental challenges and to restore flexible, but robust self-organisation.

Opportunities for Specialty Crops and Organics in the Farm Bill

Opportunities for Specialty Crops and Organics in the Farm Bill Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Opportunities for Specialty Crops and Organics in the Farm Bill book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of Plant Organelles

Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of Plant Organelles Book
Author : Henry Daniell, Ph.D.,Christine D. Chase
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-04
ISBN : 1402031661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We have taught plant molecular biology and biotechnology at the undergraduate and graduate level for over 20 years. In the past few decades, the field of plant organelle molecular biology and biotechnology has made immense strides. From the green revolution to golden rice, plant organelles have revolutionized agriculture. Given the exponential growth in research, the problem of finding appropriate textbooks for courses in plant biotechnology and molecular biology has become a major challenge. After years of handing out photocopies of various journal articles and reviews scattered through out the print and electronic media, a serendipitous meeting occurred at the 2002 IATPC World Congress held in Orlando, Florida. After my talk and evaluating several posters presented by investigators from my laboratory, Dr. Jacco Flipsen, Publishing Manager of Kluwer Publishers asked me whether I would consider editing a book on Plant Organelles. I accepted this challenge, after months of deliberations, primarily because I was unsuccessful in finding a text book in this area for many years. I signed the contract with Kluwer in March 2003 with a promise to deliver a camera-ready textbook on July 1, 2004. Given the short deadline and the complexity of the task, I quickly realized this task would need a co-editor. Dr. Christine Chase was the first scientist who came to my mind because of her expertise in plant mitochondria, and she readily agreed to work with me on this book.

Agriculture Rural Development and Related Agencies Appropriations

Agriculture  Rural Development  and Related Agencies Appropriations Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agriculture Rural Development and Related Agencies Appropriations book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

PLANT BREEDING IN 21ST CENTURY

PLANT BREEDING IN 21ST CENTURY Book
Author : B.D. Singh,N.S. Shekhawat
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release : 2019-05-01
ISBN : 9389061288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discipline of plant breeding has undergone transformation due to the assimilation of the rapid developments in molecular biology. The existing books on plant breeding deal mainly with the classical approaches, while specialized books on molecular approaches usually lack discussion of the classical methods. The book Plant Breeding for 21st Century attempts to present the complete picture of plant breeding ranging from the classical to the molecular approaches applied to crop improvement. The book is divided into four sections: Classical Plant Breeding, Transgenic technology, Molecular Markers, and Miscellaneous. The first section deals with the classical plant breeding and is divided into eight chapters. The second section has four chapters and describes transgenic technology. The third section discusses various aspects of molecular markers and is spread over three chapters. The final section has a single chapter dealing with variety release, seed multiplication and intellectual property rights. This book is designed primarily for graduate students, viz., B.Sc. agriculture and B.Sc. science students with botany as one of the subjects, who would get their first exposure to plant breeding. It would also be useful for the post-graduate students, especially in botany, and to teachers of the subject. The book is written in simple and easy to understand language. Illustrations and photographs have been provided wherever they were expected to facilitate comprehension of the subject under discussion.

Introduction to Plant Biotechnology

Introduction to Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : H. S. Chawla
Publisher : Science Publishers
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781578082285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant biotechnology has created unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems of plants. To understand biotechnology, it is essential to know the basic aspects of genes and their organization in the genome of plant cells. This text on the subject is aimed at students.

The Handbook of Plant Genome Mapping

The Handbook of Plant Genome Mapping Book
Author : Khalid Meksem,Guenter Kahl
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 352760443X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the complete sequencing of the genomes of model organisms such as a multitude of bacteria and archaea, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fly Drosophila melanogaster, and the mouse and human genomes have received much public attention, the deciphering of plant genomeswas greatly lagging behind. Up to now, only two plant genomes, one of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and one of the crop species rice (Oryza sativa) have been sequenced, though a series of other crop genome sequencing projects are underway. Notwithstanding this public bias towards genomics of animals and humans, it is nevertheless of great importance for basic and applied sciences and industries in such diverse fields as agriculture, breeding in particular, evolutionary genetics, biotechnology, and food science to know the composition of crop plant genomes in detail. It is equally crucial for a deeper understanding of the molecular basis of biodiversity and synteny. The Handbook of Genome Mapping: Genetic and Physical Mapping is the first book on the market to cover these hot topics in considerable detail, and is set apart by its combination of genetic and physical mapping. Throughout, each chapter begins with an easy-to-read introduction, also making the book the first reference designed for non-specialists and newcomers, too. In addition to being an outstanding bench work reference, the book is an excellent textbook for learning and teaching genomics, in particular for courses on genome mapping. It also serves as an up-to-date guide for seasoned researchers involved in the genetic and physical mapping of genomes, especially plant genomes.

Molecular Markers in Plant Genetics and Biotechnology

Molecular Markers in Plant Genetics and Biotechnology Book
Author : Dominique Vienne
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first chapter details the different techniques of molecular markers, emphasizing genetic aspects, because these determine the type of use one can put it to. The construction of genetic linkage maps is the subject of the second chapter, where the advantages and disadvantages of the most common mapping populations are specified. The particular case of mapping of major genes, especially for the purpose of positional cloning, is addressed in the third chapter. Detection and applications of QTLs controlling the expression of quantitative traits are presented in the fourth chapter, which also tackles the complex question of their identification. The fifth chapter underscores the major contribution of molecular markers in the analysis of the structure and evolution of natural populations. Finally, the advantages of markers in selection, for studies of diversity and in the context of marker-assisted selection, are discussed in the last chapter. The authors have attempted to highlight the principles of markers, an