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Applied Plant Biotechnology For Improving Resistance To Biotic Stress

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Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress Book
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-17
ISBN : 0128160314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Book
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-01-27
ISBN : 0081000715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants

Approaches to Plant Stress and their Management

Approaches to Plant Stress and their Management Book
Author : R.K. Gaur,Pradeep Sharma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-02
ISBN : 8132216202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant stresses are serious threats to the sustainability of crop yields accounting for more crop productivity losses than any other factor in rainfed agriculture. Post-harvest losses mean surplus crops do not reach market, affecting the livelihoods of farming families, and too often these families are left with no other option than to eat contaminated stored food. These constraints impact the food security of these farming families as well as the communities and countries in which they live. This book is the demonstration of a clear synergistic effect of stresses, an effect that was unexpectedly as important as either stress applied alone. This book will add to our current knowledge of abiotic stress response in plants and will provide the groundwork necessary to build future strategies for crop enhancement. The fundamental principles that underpin all biotechnology are explained and a full range of examples discussed to show how these principles are applied; from starting substrate to final product. It will be beneficial to both plant breeders and molecular biologists, because it combines the topics of physiology, tolerance genes, and breeding methods. When these topics are presented together, it is easy to compare all aspects of tolerance mechanisms and breeding methods for abiotic stresses. These comparisons are useful to understand which pathways or which genes are important for rendering more tolerance to a certain abiotic stress, and to bring forward new ideas for improving the tolerance. Features •Cover both plant biotic and abiotic stresses •Important factors in managing crops for water stress conditions •Substantially increase the sustainable productivity of smallholder farmers in developing countries •Genetic and biochemical approaches – if those approaches constitute a substantial improvement on current practices.

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops Book
Author : Gyana Ranjan Rout,KV Peter
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-08
ISBN : 0128104406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops provides key insights into commercialized crops, their improved productivity, disease and pest resistance, and enhanced nutritional or medicinal benefits. It includes insights into key technologies, such as marker traits identification and genetic traits transfer for increased productivity, examining the latest transgenic advances in a variety of crops and providing foundational information that can be applied to new areas of study. As modern biotechnology has helped to increase crop productivity by introducing novel gene(s) with high quality disease resistance and increased drought tolerance, this is an ideal resource for researchers and industry professionals. Provides examples of current technologies and methodologies, addressing abiotic and biotic stresses, pest resistance and yield improvement Presents protocols on plant genetic engineering in a variety of wide-use crops Includes biosafety rule regulation of genetically modified crops in the USA and third world countries

Disease Resistance in Crop Plants

Disease Resistance in Crop Plants Book
Author : Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-24
ISBN : 3030207285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human population is escalating at an enormous pace and is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. As a result, there will be an increase in demand for agricultural production by 60–110% between the years 2005 and 2050 at the global level; the number will be even more drastic in the developing world. Pathogens, animals, and weeds are altogether responsible for between 20 to 40 % of global agricultural productivity decrease. As such, managing disease development in plants continues to be a major strategy to ensure adequate food supply for the world. Accordingly, both the public and private sectors are moving to harness the tools and paradigms that promise resistance against pests and diseases. While the next generation of disease resistance research is progressing, maximum disease resistance traits are expected to be polygenic in nature and controlled by selective genes positioned at putative quantitative trait loci (QTLs). It has also been realized that sources of resistance are generally found in wild relatives or cultivars of lesser agronomic significance. However, introgression of disease resistance traits into commercial crop varieties typically involves many generations of backcrossing to transmit a promising genotype. Molecular marker-assisted breeding (MAB) has been found to facilitate the pre-selection of traits even prior to their expression. To date, researchers have utilized disease resistance genes (R-genes) in different crops including cereals, pulses, and oilseeds and other economically important plants, to improve productivity. Interestingly, comparison of different R genes that empower plants to resist an array of pathogens has led to the realization that the proteins encoded by these genes have numerous features in common. The above observation therefore suggests that plants may have co-evolved signal transduction pathways to adopt resistance against a wide range of divergent pathogens. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms necessary for pathogen identification and a thorough dissection of the cellular responses to biotic stresses will certainly open new vistas for sustainable crop disease management. This book summarizes the recent advances in molecular and genetic techniques that have been successfully applied to impart disease resistance for plants and crops. It integrates the contributions from plant scientists targeting disease resistance mechanisms using molecular, genetic, and genomic approaches. This collection therefore serves as a reference source for scientists, academicians and post graduate students interested in or are actively engaged in dissecting disease resistance in plants using advanced genetic tools.

Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics

Abiotic Stress  Molecular Genetics and Genomics Book
Author : Mukesh Jain, Rohini Garg,Rajeev K Varshney
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-12-03
ISBN : 2889193594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic stresses are the major cause that limits productivity of crop plants worldwide. Plants have developed intricate machinery to respond and adapt over these adverse environmental conditions both at physiological and molecular levels. Due to increasing problems of abiotic stresses, plant biotechnologists and breeders need to employ new approaches to improve abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Although current research has divulged several key genes, gene regulatory networks and quantitative trait loci that mediate plant responses to various abiotic stresses, the comprehensive understanding of this complex trait is still not available. This e-book is focused on molecular genetics and genomics approaches to understand the plant response/adaptation to various abiotic stresses. It includes different types of articles (original research, method, opinion and review) that provide current insights into different aspects of plant responses and adaptation to abiotic stresses.

Priming Mediated Stress and Cross Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants

Priming Mediated Stress and Cross Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Fulai Liu,David Burritt,Masayuki Fujita,Bingru Huang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 0128178930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Priming-Mediated Stress and Cross-Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants provides the latest, in-depth understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with the development of stress and cross-stress tolerance in plants. Plants growing under field conditions are constantly exposed, either sequentially or simultaneously, to many abiotic or biotic stress factors. As a result, many plants have developed unique strategies to respond to ever-changing environmental conditions, enabling them to monitor their surroundings and adjust their metabolic systems to maintain homeostasis. Recently, priming mediated stress and cross-stress tolerance (i.e., greater tolerance to a second, stronger stress after exposure to a different, milder primary stress) have attracted considerable interest within the scientific community as potential means of stress management and for producing stress-resistant crops to aid global food security. Priming-Mediated Stress and Cross-Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants comprehensively reviews the physiological, biochemical, and molecular basis of cross-tolerance phenomena, allowing researchers to develop strategies to enhance crop productivity under stressful conditions and to utilize natural resources more efficiently. The book is a valuable asset for plant and agricultural scientists in corporate or government environments, as well as educators and advanced students looking to promote future research into plant stress tolerance. Provides comprehensive information for developing multiple stress-tolerant crop varieties Includes in-depth physiological, biochemical, and molecular information associated with cross-tolerance Includes contribution from world-leading cross-tolerance research group Presents color images and diagrams for effective communication of key concepts

Physiological and Molecular Aspects of Plant Rootstock Scion Interactions

Physiological and Molecular Aspects of Plant Rootstock Scion Interactions Book
Author : Rosario Paolo Mauro,Francisco Perez-Alfocea,Sarah Jane Cookson,Nathalie Ollat,Alessandro Vitale
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-02-11
ISBN : 2889743802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Physiological and Molecular Aspects of Plant Rootstock Scion Interactions book written by Rosario Paolo Mauro,Francisco Perez-Alfocea,Sarah Jane Cookson,Nathalie Ollat,Alessandro Vitale, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genomic Designing for Biotic Stress Resistant Cereal Crops

Genomic Designing for Biotic Stress Resistant Cereal Crops Book
Author : Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 3030758796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents deliberations on molecular and genomic mechanisms underlying the interactions of crop plants to the biotic stresses caused by different diseases and pests that are important to develop resistant crop varieties. Knowledge on the advanced genetic and genomic crop improvement strategies including molecular breeding, transgenics, genomic-assisted breeding, and the recently emerging genome editing for developing resistant varieties in cereal crops is imperative for addressing FHNEE (food, health, nutrition, energy, and environment) security. Whole genome sequencing of these crops followed by genotyping-by-sequencing has provided precise information regarding the genes conferring resistance useful for gene discovery, allele mining, and shuttle breeding which in turn opened up the scope for 'designing' crop genomes with resistance to biotic stresses. The eight chapters each dedicated to a cereal crop in this volume elucidate on different types of biotic stresses and their effects on and interaction with the crop; enumerate on the available genetic diversity with regard to biotic stress resistance among available cultivars; illuminate on the potential gene pools for utilization in interspecific gene transfer; present brief on classical genetics of stress resistance and traditional breeding for transferring them to their cultivated counterparts; depict the success stories of genetic engineering for developing biotic stress-resistant crop varieties; discuss on molecular mapping of genes and QTLs underlying stress resistance and their marker-assisted introgression into elite varieties; enunciate on different genomics-aided techniques including genomic selection, allele mining, gene discovery, and gene pyramiding for developing adaptive crop varieties with higher quantity and quality of yields, and also elaborate some case studies on genome editing focusing on specific genes for generating biotic stress-resistant crops.

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Joginder Singh,Jastin Samuel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0323851649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes compiles the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, metabolites synthesized from the microbial strains such as actinomycetes, bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungal species and their potential applications in the field of healthcare issue and sustainable agriculture. There is an urgent need to explore new and advanced biological methods for health industries and sustainable agriculture and to protect the environment from environmental pollution or contaminates, global warming, and also control the health of human beings from the side effects of various pharmaceuticals products. Focusing all these factors, Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes explores new aspects of microorganism in terms of volatiles, enzymes, bioactive compounds synthesized from the microbes and their potential applications in the field of sustainable agriculture and health-related issues Provides a broad aspect about volatiles, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites of microbes compiled in one cover Gives the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, secondary metabolites, and bioactive compounds synthesized from the different microbial strains Responds to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles Offers insight to a very broad audience in Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology, Agronomy, and Pathology

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Agronomic Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Agronomic  Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits Book
Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-29
ISBN : 3319225189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is volume 2 which contains 18 chapters highlighting breeding strategies for specific plant traits including improved nutritional and pharmaceutical properties as well as enhanced tolerance to insects, diseases, drought, salinity and temperature extremes expected under predicted global climate change.

Fungal diversity ecology and control management

Fungal diversity  ecology and control management Book
Author : Vijay Rani Rajpal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-11
ISBN : 981168877X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fungal diversity ecology and control management book written by Vijay Rani Rajpal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bioinformatics for agriculture High throughput approaches

Bioinformatics for agriculture  High throughput approaches Book
Author : Atul Kumar Upadhyay,R Sowdhamini,Virupaksh U. Patil
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 9813347910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates the importance and significance of bioinformatics in the field of agriculture. It first introduces the basic concepts of bioinformatics, such as homologous sequence and gene function analyses, determination of protein structures, and discusses machine learning applications for an in-depth understanding of the desired genes and proteins based on commonly used bioinformatics software and tools, e.g. BLAST, molecular modelling, molecular-docking and simulations, protein-protein and domain-domain interactions. The book also describes recent advances in the high-throughput analysis of whole genome and transcriptome using next-generation sequencing platforms, and functional proteome studies. It also examines the role of computational biology in understanding and improving the nutrient quality and yield of crops. Lastly, the book explores a comprehensive list of applications of bioinformatics to improve plant yield, biomass, and health, and the challenges involved.

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles Book
Author : Cyren Rico
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-20
ISBN : 0323859682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles: Uptake, Transformation, Molecular and Physiological Responses discusses the long-term exposure of plants, including agronomic crops, to nanomaterials in terrestrial environments. Chapters discuss changes in metabolite profiles in plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials, as well as modifications in elemental content of edible portions of plants. Biochemical pathways, root profiles, generational exposure, and biomass productivity are also analyzed in detail. Subsequent chapters cover risks to trophic transfer, as well as human health and ecological functions, before concluding with future approaches to plant-nanomaterial research. The book covers important aspects of the interactions between plant and nanomaterials and will be a valuable resource to scientists and researchers in plant physiology, nanotechnology, agronomy and environmental science. Analyzes research on environmental and ecological implications of nanomaterials in plants Includes the latest information on toxicity and human exposure Reviews modifications and alterations in plant expressions and biochemical pathways

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences Book
Author : Saurabh Bhatia,Kiran Sharma,Randhir Dahiya,Tanmoy Bera
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-22
ISBN : 0128024984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Pharmaceutical Sciences explores advanced techniques in plant biotechnology, their applications to pharmaceutical sciences, and how these methods can lead to more effective, safe, and affordable drugs. The book covers modern approaches in a practical, step-by-step manner, and includes illustrations, examples, and case studies to enhance understanding. Key topics include plant-made pharmaceuticals, classical and non-classical techniques for secondary metabolite production in plant cell culture and their relevance to pharmaceutical science, edible vaccines, novel delivery systems for plant-based products, international industry regulatory guidelines, and more. Readers will find the book to be a comprehensive and valuable resource for the study of modern plant biotechnology approaches and their pharmaceutical applications. Builds upon the basic concepts of cell and plant tissue culture and recombinant DNA technology to better illustrate the modern and potential applications of plant biotechnology to the pharmaceutical sciences Provides detailed yet practical coverage of complex techniques, such as micropropogation, gene transfer, and biosynthesis Examines critical issues of international importance and offers real-life examples and potential solutions

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance Book
Author : Jing Quan Yu,Golam Jalal Ahammed,Priti Krishna
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 0128132280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brassinosteroids in Plant Developmental Biology and Stress Tolerance presents the mechanisms of brassinosteroid-regulated plant developmental biology and stress tolerance that cover various biochemical, physiological, genetic and molecular studies. As unprecedented climate change threatens global food security, studies reveal that BRs could not only protect plants from stresses to ensure food security, but also reduce toxic compounds in edible plant parts. As the utilization of BRs in modern agriculture is of great significance in the context of global climate change, this book presents key information on how to develop eco-friendly growth regulators and understand the importance of brassinosteroids in safe food production. Presents the multifaceted roles of brassinosteroids as phytohormones in plant growth, development and response to biotic and/or abiotic stresses Unveils the physiological and molecular mechanisms controlling plant stress response to biotic and abiotic stress Discusses developmental processes relating to environmental adaptations that are mediated by brassinosteroids Brings together recent works of experts studying brassinosteroid crosstalk with other signals, including hormones, sugars, redox and light signals

OMICS Based Approaches in Plant Biotechnology

OMICS Based Approaches in Plant Biotechnology Book
Author : Rintu Banerjee,Garlapati Vijay Kumar,S.P. Jeevan Kumar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 111950998X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Burgeoning world population, decreased water supply and land resources, coupled with climate change, result in severe stress conditions and a great threat to the global food supply. To meet these challenges, exploring Omics Technologies could lead to improved yields of cereals, tubers and grasses that may ensure food security. Improvement of yields through crop improvement and biotechnological means are the need-of-the-hour, and the current book “OMICS-Based Approaches in Plant Biotechnology”, reviews the advanced concepts on breeding strategies, OMICS technologies (genomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics) and bioinformatics that help to glean the potential candidate genes/molecules to address unsolved problems related to plant and agricultural crops. The first six chapters of the book are focused on genomics and cover sequencing, functional genomics with examples on insecticide resistant genes, mutation breeding and miRNA technologies. Recent advances in metabolomics studies are elucidated in the next 3 chapters followed by 5 chapters on bioinformatics and advanced techniques in plant biotechnology and crop breeding. The information contained in the volume will help plant breeders, plant biotechnologists, plant biochemists, agriculture scientists and researchers in using this applied research to focus on better crop breeding and stress adaptation strategies.

Plant Genomics

Plant Genomics Book
Author : Ibrokhim Y. Abdurakhmonov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-07-14
ISBN : 9535124552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant genomics aims to sequence, characterize, and study the genetic compositions, structures, organizations, functions, and interactions/networks of an entire plant genome. Its development and advances are tightly interconnected with proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics, transgenomics, genomic selection, bioinformatics, epigenomics, phenomics, system biology, modern instrumentation, and robotics sciences. Plant genomics has significantly advanced over the past three decades in the land of inexpensive, high-throughput sequencing technologies and fully sequenced over 100 plant genomes. These advances have broad implications in every aspect of plant biology and breeding, powered with novel genomic selection and manipulation tools while generating many grand challenges and tasks ahead. This Plant genomics provides some updated discussions on current advances, challenges, and future perspectives of plant genome studies and applications.

Recent Advances in Plant in vitro Culture

Recent Advances in Plant in vitro Culture Book
Author : Annarita Leva,Laura Rinaldi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-10-17
ISBN : 9535107879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to provide the advances in plant in vitro culture as related to perennial fruit crops and medicinal plants. Basic principles and new techniques, now available, are presented in detail. The book will be of use to researchers, teachers in biotechnology and for individuals interested to the commercial application of plant in vitro culture.

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants Book
Author : Alexandre De Oliveira
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-10-23
ISBN : 1789238110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants are subjected to numerous environmental stresses, which can be classified into two broad areas: abiotic and biotic stresses. While the first is considered the damage done to an organism by other living organisms, the latter occurs as a result of a negative impact of non-living factors on the organisms. In this scenario, the current most accepted opinion of scientists is that both biotic and abiotic factors in nature and agroecosystems are affected by climate change, which may lead to significant crop yield decreases worldwide. We should take into consideration not only this environmental concern but also the fact that 20 years from now the earth's population will need 55% more food than it can produce now. Therefore, it is crucial to address such concerns and bring about possible solutions to future plant stress-related outcomes that might affect global agriculture. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of both biotic and abiotic stresses through 10 chapters that include case studies and literature reviews about these topics. There will be a particular focus on understanding the physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes observed in stressed plants as well as the mechanisms underlying stress tolerance in plants.