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Applied Mechanics Of Polymers

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Applied Mechanics of Polymers

Applied Mechanics of Polymers Book
Author : George Youssef
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-02
ISBN : 0128210796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Mechanics of Polymers: Properties, Processing, and Behavior provides readers with an overview of the properties, mechanical behaviors and modeling techniques for accurately predicting the behaviors of polymeric materials. The book starts with an introduction to polymers, covering their history, chemistry, physics, and various types and applications. In addition, it covers the general properties of polymers and the common processing and manufacturing processes involved with them. Subsequent chapters delve into specific mechanical behaviors of polymers such as linear elasticity, hyperelasticity, creep, viscoelasticity, failure, and fracture. The book concludes with chapters discussing electroactive polymers, hydrogels, and the mechanical characterization of polymers. This is a useful reference text that will benefit graduate students, postdocs, researchers, and engineers in the mechanics of materials, polymer science, mechanical engineering and material science. Additional resources related to the book can be found at polymersmechanics.com. Provides examples of real-world applications that demonstrate the use of models in designing polymer-based components Includes access to a companion site from where readers can download FEA and MATLAB code, FEA simulation files, videos and other supplemental material Features end-of-chapter summaries with design and analysis guidelines, practice problem sets based on real-life situations, and both analytical and computational examples to bridge academic and industrial applications

Mechanics of Solid Polymers

Mechanics of Solid Polymers Book
Author : Jorgen S Bergstrom
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-07-11
ISBN : 0323322964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Very few polymer mechanics problems are solved with only pen and paper today, and virtually all academic research and industrial work relies heavily on finite element simulations and specialized computer software. Introducing and demonstrating the utility of computational tools and simulations, Mechanics of Solid Polymers provides a modern view of how solid polymers behave, how they can be experimentally characterized, and how to predict their behavior in different load environments. Reflecting the significant progress made in the understanding of polymer behaviour over the last two decades, this book will discuss recent developments and compare them to classical theories. The book shows how best to make use of commercially available finite element software to solve polymer mechanics problems, introducing readers to the current state of the art in predicting failure using a combination of experiment and computational techniques. Case studies and example Matlab code are also included. As industry and academia are increasingly reliant on advanced computational mechanics software to implement sophisticated constitutive models – and authoritative information is hard to find in one place - this book provides engineers with what they need to know to make best use of the technology available. Helps professionals deploy the latest experimental polymer testing methods to assess suitability for applications Discusses material models for different polymer types Shows how to best make use of available finite element software to model polymer behaviour, and includes case studies and example code to help engineers and researchers apply it to their work

Engineering Mechanics of Fibre Reinforced Polymers and Composite Structures

Engineering Mechanics of Fibre Reinforced Polymers and Composite Structures Book
Author : J. Hult,F.G. Rammerstorfer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-04
ISBN : 3709127025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book aims at giving an overview of current methods in engineering mechanics of FRP components and structures as well as hybrid components and structures. Main emphasis is on basic micro and macro mechanics of laminates. Long as well as short fibre composites are studied, and criteria for different kinds of rupture are treated. Micromechanical considerations for material characterization and mechanisms of static ductile and brittle rupture are studied, as well as FRP structures under thermal and dynamic loading programs. Optimum design and manufacture situations are described as well. The book makes designers familiar with the opportunities and limitations of modern high quality fibre composites. Practical engineering applications of the described analytical and numerical methods are also presented.

Applied Mechanics Reviews

Applied Mechanics Reviews Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Mechanics Reviews book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applied Mechanics

Applied Mechanics Book
Author : Liangchi Zhang,Liyong Tong,John A. Gal
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9810248679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Mechanics book written by Liangchi Zhang,Liyong Tong,John A. Gal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers Book
Author : G. V. Kozlov,Yu G. Yanovskii
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-11-12
ISBN : 1482255006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field. The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose. This new book: • Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes • Focuses on topics with more advanced methods • Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details • Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles • Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials

Mechanical Response of Polymers

Mechanical Response of Polymers Book
Author : Alan S. Wineman,K. R. Rajagopal
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-06-05
ISBN : 9780521644099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses polymers from a mechanical engineering perspective, treating stresses and deformations in polymeric structural components.

Advances in Applied Mechanics

Advances in Applied Mechanics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1980-01-18
ISBN : 9780080563978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Applied Mechanics

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites Second Edition

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites  Second Edition Book
Author : Robert F. Landel,Lawrence E. Nielsen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-12-14
ISBN : 9780824789640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text, now in its second edition, offers an up-to-date, expanded treatment of the behaviour of polymers with regard to material variables and test and use conditions. It highlights general principles, useful empirical rules and practical equations.;Detailing the specific behaviour of many common polymers, the text: places emphasis on time and frequency dependence over temperature dependence; uses contemporary molecular mechanisms to explain creep, stress relaxation, constant strain rate responses and crazing; provides explicit equations to predict responses; supplies a discussion of large deformation multiaxial responses; compares statistical and continuum theories on the same data set; and updates stress-strain behaviour and particulate filled systems.

Applied Mechanics Update

Applied Mechanics Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Mechanics Update book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wear of Polymers and Composites

Wear of Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Ahmed Abdelbary
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-01-23
ISBN : 1782421785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the field of tribology, the wear behaviour of polymers and composite materials is considered a highly non-linear phenomenon. Wear of Polymers and Composites introduces fundamentals of polymers and composites tribology. The book suggests a new approach to explore the effect of applied load and surface defects on the fatigue wear behaviour of polymers, using a new tribometer and thorough experiments. It discusses effects of surface cracks, under different static and cyclic loading parameters on wear, and presents an intelligent algorithm, in the form of a neural network, to map the relationship between wear rate and relevant factors. Using the aforementioned method leads to more accurate and cost effective prediction of surface fatigue wear rates, under different service conditions. The first three chapters of the book introduce polymers and composite materials tribology, followed by three chapters that cover testing in wear, applied load and contact pressure and surface defects. The remaining chapter moves on to predicting wear of polymers, and concludes by discussing questions and problems. Prepares senior undergraduates as well as postgraduate students Focuses on the factors influencing wear of polymers and composites Contains detailed design of Tribometer, wear test procedures and detailed dataset of more than 50 experimental wear tests Introduces an artificial neural network approach as one of the recently developed wear prediction models.

A New Kirchhoff Love Beam Element and its Application to Polymer Mechanics

A New Kirchhoff Love Beam Element and its Application to Polymer Mechanics Book
Author : Matthias C. Schulz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-09-21
ISBN : 3031063406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The novel finite element formulations fall into the category of geometrically exact Kirchhoff-Love beams. A prominent characteristic of this category is that the absence of shear deformation is strongly enforced by removing two degrees of freedom. Further, the corresponding beam theories exhibit not only translational but also rotational degrees of freedom and their configurations thus form a non-additive and non-commutative space. Sophisticated interpolation schemes are required that need to be tested not only for locking, spatial convergence behavior, and energy conservation, but also for observer invariance and path-independence. For the three novel beam element formulations all these properties are analytically and numerically studied and confirmed, if applicable. Two different rotation parameterization strategies are employed based on the well-known geodesic interpolation used in many Simo-Reissner beams and the lesser known split into the so-called \textit{smallest rotation} and a torsional part. Application of the former parameterization results in a mixed finite element formulation intrinsically free of locking phenomena. Additionally, the first geometrically exact Kirchhoff-Love beam element is presented, which strongly enforces inextensibility by removing another degree of freedom. Furthermore, the numerical efficiency of the new beam formulations is compared to other beam elements that allow for or suppress shear deformation. When modeling very slender beams, the new elements offer distinct numerical advantages. Standard molecular dynamics simulations, which are commonly used to study polymers, suffer from a lack of a careful mathematical basis and the use of an expensive explicit time integration scheme. To circumvent these shortcomings and to be able to simulate stretching experiments on relevant time scales, the problem is described by a stochastic partial differential equation, which can be solved using the finite element method with a backward Euler temporal discretization. In detail, the polymer is represented by a Kirchhoff-Love beam with a linear elastic constitutive model. Inertial and electrostatic forces are neglected. It is deformed by a distributed load mimicking collisions with molecules of the surrounding fluid. Naturally, this load heavily fluctuates over time and space and mean values need to be computed in a Monte Carlo manner. To vastly speed up the fitting process to experimental data in a Bayesian framework, a surrogate model based on a Gaussian process is set up, which directly computes the mean values for given material parameters. The uncertainties and correlations of the material parameters are studied and compared to the literature.

Advanced Development in Industry and Applied Mechanics

Advanced Development in Industry and Applied Mechanics Book
Author : Bale V. Reddy,Shishir Kumar Sahu,A. Kandasamy,Manuel de La Sen
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-09-12
ISBN : 3038266132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 3rd International Conference on Advances in Mechanics Engineering (ICAME 2014), 28-29 July, Hong Kong, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 72 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Advanced Materials Engineering and Processing Technologies, Chapter 2: General Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Chapter 3: Applied Thermodynamics and Thermal Effects, Chapter 4: Instrumentation, Measurement Technologies, Monitoring and Detection, Analysis and Methodology, Chapter 5: Mechatronics, Robotics and Automation of Manufacturing, Chapter 6: Civil Engineering and Building Materials, Chapter 7: Product Design and Industrial Engineering

Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites Book
Author : Soo-Jin Park,Min-Kang Seo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0123750490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Advances in Engineering Materials and Applied Mechanics

Advances in Engineering Materials and Applied Mechanics Book
Author : Guangde Zhang,Quanjie Gao,Qiang Xu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-10-22
ISBN : 131568084X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the rapid development of Machinery, Materials Science and Engineering Application, discussion on new ideas related mechanical engineering and materials science arise. In this proceedings volume the author(s) are focussed on Machinery, Materials Science and Engineering Applications and other related topics. The Conference has pro

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Multi Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Wim Van Paepegem
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 0128189851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-scale modelling of composites is a very relevant topic in composites science. This is illustrated by the numerous sessions in the recent European and International Conferences on Composite Materials, but also by the fast developments in multi-scale modelling software tools, developed by large industrial players such as Siemens (Virtual Material Characterization toolkit and MultiMechanics virtual testing software), MSC/e-Xstream (Digimat software), Simulia (micromechanics plug-in in Abaqus), HyperSizer (Multi-scale design of composites), Altair (Altair Multiscale Designer) This book is intended to be an ideal reference on the latest advances in multi-scale modelling of fibre-reinforced polymer composites, that is accessible for both (young) researchers and end users of modelling software. We target three main groups: This book aims at a complete introduction and overview of the state-of-the-art in multi-scale modelling of composites in three axes: • ranging from prediction of homogenized elastic properties to nonlinear material behaviour • ranging from geometrical models for random packing of unidirectional fibres over meso-scale geometries for textile composites to orientation tensors for short fibre composites • ranging from damage modelling of unidirectionally reinforced composites over textile composites to short fibre-reinforced composites The book covers the three most important scales in multi-scale modelling of composites: (i) micro-scale, (ii) meso-scale and (iii) macro-scale. The nano-scale and related atomistic and molecular modelling approaches are deliberately excluded, since the book wants to focus on continuum mechanics and there are already a lot of dedicated books about polymer nanocomposites. A strong focus is put on physics-based damage modelling, in the sense that the chapters devote attention to modelling the different damage mechanisms (matrix cracking, fibre/matrix debonding, delamination, fibre fracture,...) in such a way that the underlying physics of the initiation and growth of these damage modes is respected. The book also gives room to not only discuss the finite element based approaches for multi-scale modelling, but also much faster methods that are popular in industrial software, such as Mean Field Homogenization methods (based on Mori-Tanaka and Eshelby solutions) and variational methods (shear lag theory and more advanced theories). Since the book targets a wide audience, the focus is put on the most common numerical approaches that are used in multi-scale modelling. Very specialized numerical methods like peridynamics modelling, Material Point Method, eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), isogeometric analysis, SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics),... are excluded. Outline of the book The book is divided in three large parts, well balanced with each a similar number of chapters:

Applied Mechanics Materials and Manufacturing IV

Applied Mechanics  Materials and Manufacturing IV Book
Author : Hua Wu Liu,Shin-ichi Kuroda,Lai Jiu Zheng
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-10-08
ISBN : 3038266728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 4th International Conference on Applied Mechanics, Materials and Manufacturing (ICA3M 2014, ICAMMM2014), August 23-24, 2014, Shenzhen, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 336 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Nanomaterials Science and Technology; Chapter 2: Metals and Alloys; Chapter 3: Optical and Magnetic Materials, Semiconductors and Technology; Chapter 4: Composite Materials and Applications; Chapter 5: Chemical Materials and Technologies for Chemical Engineering; Chapter 6: Building Materials and Construction Technology; Chapter 7: Technologies of Material Processing; Chapter 8: Applied and Computational Mechanics in Designing and Research; Chapter 9: Industrial Equipment and Technology; Chapter 10: Mechanical Structural Strength, Reliability and Risk Analysis and Assessment; Chapter 11: Vibration, Sound, Noise Analysis and Control; Chapter 12: Measurement Technology, Instruments and Sensors, Monitoring, Detection Technologies and Methodologies; Chapter 13: Mechatronics, Industrial Robots, Automation and Control Technologies; Chapter 14: Electronics, Circuit Technology and Electrics; Chapter 15: Computer Applications and Mathematical Modeling, Intelligent Algorithms and Optimization; Chapter 16: Industrial Engineering, Production Management, Operations, Quality and Control; Chapter 17: New Technologies in Engineering Education

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers

Fractal Mechanics of Polymers Book
Author : G. V. KOZLOV,Yurii Grigorevich Yanovskii
Publisher : Apple Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 9781774633571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book explores the consideration of relationships that connect the structural and basic mechanical properties of polymeric mediums within the frameworks of fractal analysis with cluster model representations attraction. Incidentally, the choice of any structural model of medium or their combinations is defined by expediency and further usage convenience only. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly changing and evolving field. The book presents descriptions of the main reactions of high-molecular substances within the frameworks of fractal analysis and irreversible aggregation models. Synergetics and percolation theory were also used. In spite of the enormous number of papers dealing with the influence of the medium on the rate of chemical reactions (including synthesis of polymers), no strict quantitative theory capable of "universal" application has been put forward up until now. It is now possible to describe the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium in which the reactions take place by means of a single equation. This important book for the first time gives structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing, and the fractal analysis is used for this purpose. This new book: - Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes - Focuses on topics with more advanced methods - Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details - Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles - Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex polymeric materials

Mechanics of Particle and Fiber Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites

Mechanics of Particle  and Fiber Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Sumit Sharma
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-03
ISBN : 1119653622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn to model your own problems for predicting the properties of polymer-based composites Mechanics of Particle- and Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites: Nanoscale to Continuum Simulations provides readers with a thorough and up-to-date overview of nano, micro, and continuum approaches for the multiscale modeling of polymer-based composites. Covering nanocomposite development, theoretical models, and common simulation methods, the text includes a variety of case studies and scripting tutorials that enable readers to apply and further develop the supplied simulations. The book describes the foundations of molecular dynamics and continuum mechanics methods, guides readers through the basic steps required for multiscale modeling of any material, and correlates the results between the experimental and theoretical work performed. Focused primarily on nanocomposites, the methods covered in the book are applicable to various other materials such as carbon nanotubes, polymers, metals, and ceramics. Throughout the book, readers are introduced to key topics of relevance to nanocomposite materials and structures—supported by journal articles that discuss recent developments in modeling techniques and in the prediction of mechanical and thermal properties. This timely, highly practical resource: Explains the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation procedure for nanofiber and nanoparticle reinforced polymer composites Compares results of experimental and theoretical results from mechanical models at different length scales Covers different types of fibers and matrix materials that constitute composite materials, including glass, boron, carbon, and Kevlar Reviews models that predict the stiffness of short-fiber composites, including the self-consistent model for finite-length fibers, bounding models, and the Halpin-Tsai equation Describes various molecular modeling methods such as Monte Carlo, Brownian dynamics, dissipative particle dynamics, and lattice Boltzmann methods Highlights the potential of nanocomposites for defense and space applications Perfect for materials scientists, materials engineers, polymer scientists, and mechanical engineers, Mechanics of Particle- and Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites is also a must-have reference for computer simulation scientists seeking to improve their understanding of reinforced polymer nanocomposites.