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Applied Hierarchical Modeling In Ecology

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Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology Analysis of Distribution Abundance and Species Richness in R and BUGS

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology  Analysis of Distribution  Abundance and Species Richness in R and BUGS Book
Author : Marc Kery,J. Andrew Royle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-10
ISBN : 0128097272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology: Analysis of Distribution, Abundance and Species Richness in R and BUGS, Volume Two: Dynamic and Advanced Models provides a synthesis of the state-of-the-art in hierarchical models for plant and animal distribution, also focusing on the complex and more advanced models currently available. The book explains all procedures in the context of hierarchical models that represent a unified approach to ecological research, thus taking the reader from design, through data collection, and into analyses using a very powerful way of synthesizing data. Makes ecological modeling accessible to people who are struggling to use complex or advanced modeling programs Synthesizes current ecological models and explains how they are inter-connected Contains numerous examples throughout the book, walking the reading through scenarios with both real and simulated data Provides an ideal resource for ecologists working in R software and in BUGS software for more flexible Bayesian analyses

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology Analysis of distribution abundance and species richness in R and BUGS

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology  Analysis of distribution  abundance and species richness in R and BUGS Book
Author : Marc Kery,J. Andrew Royle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-14
ISBN : 0128014865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology: Distribution, Abundance, Species Richness offers a new synthesis of the state-of-the-art of hierarchical models for plant and animal distribution, abundance, and community characteristics such as species richness using data collected in metapopulation designs. These types of data are extremely widespread in ecology and its applications in such areas as biodiversity monitoring and fisheries and wildlife management. This first volume explains static models/procedures in the context of hierarchical models that collectively represent a unified approach to ecological research, taking the reader from design, through data collection, and into analyses using a very powerful class of models. Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology, Volume 1 serves as an indispensable manual for practicing field biologists, and as a graduate-level text for students in ecology, conservation biology, fisheries/wildlife management, and related fields. Provides a synthesis of important classes of models about distribution, abundance, and species richness while accommodating imperfect detection Presents models and methods for identifying unmarked individuals and species Written in a step-by-step approach accessible to non-statisticians and provides fully worked examples that serve as a template for readers' analyses Includes companion website containing data sets, code, solutions to exercises, and further information

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology Book
Author : Manuel Marton Marc Kéry,J. Andrew Royle
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology book written by Manuel Marton Marc Kéry,J. Andrew Royle, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology Analysis of Distribution Abundance and Species Richness in R and Bugs

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology   Analysis of Distribution  Abundance and Species Richness in R and Bugs Book
Author : Marc Kery,J. Andrew Royle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-15
ISBN : 9780128095850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology, Volume 2 builds upon the first volume. It continuing to provide a synthesis of the state of the art in hierarchical models for plant and animal distribution, but in this volume focuses on the complex and more advanced models currently available. This book explains all procedures in the context of hierarchical models, which represent a unified approach to ecological research taking the reader from design, through data collection and into the analyses using a very powerful way of synthesizing data. Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology Volume 2 makes ecological modelling accessible for people who are struggling to use current available complex or advanced modelling programs Synthesizes current ecological models and explains how they are inter-connected Specific examples are given throughout the book, walking the reading through scenarios with each real and simulated data for greater comprehension Ideal for ecologists working in R, an open source version of S known for its exceptional ecology analyses and in BUGS for more flexible Bayesian analyses

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology Analysis of distribution abundance and species richness in R and BUGS

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology  Analysis of distribution  abundance and species richness in R and BUGS Book
Author : Marc Kéry,J. Andrew Royle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-10
ISBN : 9780128013786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology: Distribution, Abundance, Species Richness offers a new synthesis of the state-of-the-art of hierarchical models for plant and animal distribution, abundance, and community characteristics such as species richness using data collected in metapopulation designs. These types of data are extremely widespread in ecology and its applications in such areas as biodiversity monitoring and fisheries and wildlife management. This first volume explains static models/procedures in the context of hierarchical models that collectively represent a unified approach to ecological research, taking the reader from design, through data collection, and into analyses using a very powerful class of models. Applied Hierarchical Modeling in Ecology, Volume 1 serves as an indispensable manual for practicing field biologists, and as a graduate-level text for students in ecology, conservation biology, fisheries/wildlife management, and related fields. Provides a synthesis of important classes of models about distribution, abundance, and species richness while accommodating imperfect detection Presents models and methods for identifying unmarked individuals and species Written in a step-by-step approach accessible to non-statisticians and provides fully worked examples that serve as a template for readers' analyses Includes companion website containing data sets, code, solutions to exercises, and further information

Hierarchical Modeling and Inference in Ecology

Hierarchical Modeling and Inference in Ecology Book
Author : J. Andrew Royle,Robert M. Dorazio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-10-15
ISBN : 0080559255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to data collection, modeling and inference strategies for biological survey data using Bayesian and classical statistical methods. This book describes a general and flexible framework for modeling and inference in ecological systems based on hierarchical models, with a strict focus on the use of probability models and parametric inference. Hierarchical models represent a paradigm shift in the application of statistics to ecological inference problems because they combine explicit models of ecological system structure or dynamics with models of how ecological systems are observed. The principles of hierarchical modeling are developed and applied to problems in population, metapopulation, community, and metacommunity systems. The book provides the first synthetic treatment of many recent methodological advances in ecological modeling and unifies disparate methods and procedures. The authors apply principles of hierarchical modeling to ecological problems, including * occurrence or occupancy models for estimating species distribution * abundance models based on many sampling protocols, including distance sampling * capture-recapture models with individual effects * spatial capture-recapture models based on camera trapping and related methods * population and metapopulation dynamic models * models of biodiversity, community structure and dynamics * Wide variety of examples involving many taxa (birds, amphibians, mammals, insects, plants) * Development of classical, likelihood-based procedures for inference, as well as Bayesian methods of analysis * Detailed explanations describing the implementation of hierarchical models using freely available software such as R and WinBUGS * Computing support in technical appendices in an online companion web site

Introduction to Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling for Ecological Data

Introduction to Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling for Ecological Data Book
Author : Eric Parent,Etienne Rivot
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-08-21
ISBN : 1584889195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Making statistical modeling and inference more accessible to ecologists and related scientists, Introduction to Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling for Ecological Data gives readers a flexible and effective framework to learn about complex ecological processes from various sources of data. It also helps readers get started on building their own statistical models. The text begins with simple models that progressively become more complex and realistic through explanatory covariates and intermediate hidden states variables. When fitting the models to data, the authors gradually present the concepts and techniques of the Bayesian paradigm from a practical point of view using real case studies. They emphasize how hierarchical Bayesian modeling supports multidimensional models involving complex interactions between parameters and latent variables. Data sets, exercises, and R and WinBUGS codes are available on the authors’ website. This book shows how Bayesian statistical modeling provides an intuitive way to organize data, test ideas, investigate competing hypotheses, and assess degrees of confidence of predictions. It also illustrates how conditional reasoning can dismantle a complex reality into more understandable pieces. As conditional reasoning is intimately linked with Bayesian thinking, considering hierarchical models within the Bayesian setting offers a unified and coherent framework for modeling, estimation, and prediction.

Population Ecology in Practice

Population Ecology in Practice Book
Author : Brett K. Sandercock
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-10
ISBN : 0470674148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A synthesis of contemporary analytical and modeling approaches in population ecology The book provides an overview of the key analytical approaches that are currently used in demographic, genetic, and spatial analyses in population ecology. The chapters present current problems, introduce advances in analytical methods and models, and demonstrate the applications of quantitative methods to ecological data. The book covers new tools for designing robust field studies; estimation of abundance and demographic rates; matrix population models and analyses of population dynamics; and current approaches for genetic and spatial analysis. Each chapter is illustrated by empirical examples based on real datasets, with a companion website that offers online exercises and examples of computer code in the R statistical software platform. Fills a niche for a book that emphasizes applied aspects of population analysis Covers many of the current methods being used to analyse population dynamics and structure Illustrates the application of specific analytical methods through worked examples based on real datasets Offers readers the opportunity to work through examples or adapt the routines to their own datasets using computer code in the R statistical platform Population Ecology in Practice is an excellent book for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in population ecology or ecological statistics, as well as established researchers needing a desktop reference for contemporary methods used to develop robust population assessments.

Spatial Ecology and Conservation Modeling

Spatial Ecology and Conservation Modeling Book
Author : Robert Fletcher,Marie-Josée Fortin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 3030019896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a foundation for modern applied ecology. Much of current ecology research and conservation addresses problems across landscapes and regions, focusing on spatial patterns and processes. This book is aimed at teaching fundamental concepts and focuses on learning-by-doing through the use of examples with the software R. It is intended to provide an entry-level, easily accessible foundation for students and practitioners interested in spatial ecology and conservation.

Models of the Ecological Hierarchy

Models of the Ecological Hierarchy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0444594051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the application of statistics to ecological inference problems, hierarchical models combine explicit models of ecological system structure or dynamics with models of how ecological systems are observed. The principles of hierarchical modeling are applied in this book to a wide range of problems ranging from the molecular level, through populations, ecosystems, landscapes, networks, through to the global ecosphere. Provides an excellent introduction to modelling Collects together in one source a wide range of modelling techniques Covers a wide range of topics, from the molecular level to the global ecosphere

Occupancy Estimation and Modeling

Occupancy Estimation and Modeling Book
Author : Darryl I. MacKenzie,James D. Nichols,J. Andrew Royle,Kenneth H. Pollock,Larissa Bailey,James E. Hines
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 0124072453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Occupancy Estimation and Modeling: Inferring Patterns and Dynamics of Species Occurrence, Second Edition, provides a synthesis of model-based approaches for analyzing presence-absence data, allowing for imperfect detection. Beginning from the relatively simple case of estimating the proportion of area or sampling units occupied at the time of surveying, the authors describe a wide variety of extensions that have been developed since the early 2000s. This provides an improved insight about species and community ecology, including, detection heterogeneity; correlated detections; spatial autocorrelation; multiple states or classes of occupancy; changes in occupancy over time; species co-occurrence; community-level modeling, and more. Occupancy Estimation and Modeling: Inferring Patterns and Dynamics of Species Occurrence, Second Edition has been greatly expanded and detail is provided regarding the estimation methods and examples of their application are given. Important study design recommendations are also covered to give a well rounded view of modeling. Provides authoritative insights into the latest in occupancy modeling Examines the latest methods in analyzing detection/no detection data surveys Addresses critical issues of imperfect detectability and its effects on species occurrence estimation Discusses important study design considerations such as defining sample units, sample size determination and optimal effort allocation

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology Book
Author : Brian D. Fath
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-23
ISBN : 0444641300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus) are included. In addition, new, international experts in ecology contribute on a variety of topics. Offers the most broad-ranging and comprehensive resource available in the field of ecology Provides foundational content and suggests further reading Incorporates the expertise of over 500 outstanding investigators in the field of ecology, including top young scientists with both research and teaching experience Includes multimedia resources, such as an Interactive Map Viewer and links to a CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System), an open-source platform for modelers to share and link models dealing with earth system processes

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Statistics Book
Author : Alan E. Gelfand,Montserrat Fuentes,Jennifer A. Hoeting,Richard Lyttleton Smith
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 1351648543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook focuses on the enormous literature applying statistical methodology and modelling to environmental and ecological processes. The 21st century statistics community has become increasingly interdisciplinary, bringing a large collection of modern tools to all areas of application in environmental processes. In addition, the environmental community has substantially increased its scope of data collection including observational data, satellite-derived data, and computer model output. The resultant impact in this latter community has been substantial; no longer are simple regression and analysis of variance methods adequate. The contribution of this handbook is to assemble a state-of-the-art view of this interface. Features: An internationally regarded editorial team. A distinguished collection of contributors. A thoroughly contemporary treatment of a substantial interdisciplinary interface. Written to engage both statisticians as well as quantitative environmental researchers. 34 chapters covering methodology, ecological processes, environmental exposure, and statistical methods in climate science.

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life Book
Author : Mevin B. Hooten,Trevor J. Hefley
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-15
ISBN : 0429513372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing Bayesian Models to Life empowers the reader to extend, enhance, and implement statistical models for ecological and environmental data analysis. We open the black box and show the reader how to connect modern statistical models to computer algorithms. These algorithms allow the user to fit models that answer their scientific questions without needing to rely on automated Bayesian software. We show how to handcraft statistical models that are useful in ecological and environmental science including: linear and generalized linear models, spatial and time series models, occupancy and capture-recapture models, animal movement models, spatio-temporal models, and integrated population-models. Features: R code implementing algorithms to fit Bayesian models using real and simulated data examples. A comprehensive review of statistical models commonly used in ecological and environmental science. Overview of Bayesian computational methods such as importance sampling, MCMC, and HMC. Derivations of the necessary components to construct statistical algorithms from scratch. Bringing Bayesian Models to Life contains a comprehensive treatment of models and associated algorithms for fitting the models to data. We provide detailed and annotated R code in each chapter and apply it to fit each model we present to either real or simulated data for instructional purposes. Our code shows how to create every result and figure in the book so that readers can use and modify it for their own analyses. We provide all code and data in an organized set of directories available at the authors' websites.

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity Book
Author : Erik A. Beever,Inger Suzanne Prange,Dominick A. DellaSala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 0429530498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents cascading effects of ecological disturbances on a multitude of ecosystem components. It includes agricultural development, large infrequent disturbances, forest harvesting, non-native grazing in deserts, ground transportation, powerline corridors, fires, urban ecology, disturbance in aquatic ecosystems, land-use dynamics on diversity, habitat fragmentation, sedimentation of wetlands, and contemporary climate change. The book facilitates users in understanding why disturbances are occurring while recommending mitigation and remediation strategies.

Monitoring Threatened Species and Ecological Communities

Monitoring Threatened Species and Ecological Communities Book
Author : Sarah Legge,Natasha Robinson,David Lindenmayer,Benjamin Scheele,Darren Southwell,Brendan Wintle
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2018-01-20
ISBN : 1486307728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monitoring is integral to all aspects of policy and management for threatened biodiversity. It is fundamental to assessing the conservation status and trends of listed species and ecological communities. Monitoring data can be used to diagnose the causes of decline, to measure management effectiveness and to report on investment. It is also a valuable public engagement tool. Yet in Australia, monitoring threatened biodiversity is not always optimally managed. Monitoring Threatened Species and Ecological Communities aims to improve the standard of monitoring for Australia's threatened biodiversity. It gathers insights from some of the most experienced managers and scientists involved with monitoring programs for threatened species and ecological communities in Australia, and evaluates current monitoring programs, establishing a baseline against which the quality of future monitoring activity can be managed. Case studies provide examples of practical pathways to improve the quality of biodiversity monitoring, and guidelines to improve future programs are proposed. This book will benefit scientists, conservation managers, policy makers and those with an interest in threatened species monitoring and management.

Measuring Abundance

Measuring Abundance Book
Author : Graham Upton
Publisher : Pelagic Publishing Ltd
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 1784272337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring the abundance of individuals and the diversity of species are core components of most ecological research projects and conservation monitoring. This book brings together in one place, for the first time, the methods used to estimate the abundance of individuals in nature. The statistical basis of each method is detailed along with practical considerations for survey design and data collection. Methods are illustrated using data ranging from Alaskan shrubs to Yellowstone grizzly bears, not forgetting Costa Rican ants and Prince Edward Island lobsters. Where necessary, example code for use with the open source software R is supplied. When appropriate, reference is made to other widely used programs. After opening with a brief synopsis of relevant statistical methods, the first section deals with the abundance of stationary items such as trees, shrubs, coral, etc. Following a discussion of the use of quadrats and transects in the contexts of forestry sampling and the assessment of plant cover, there are chapters addressing line-intercept sampling, the use of nearest-neighbour distances, and variable sized plots. The second section deals with individuals that move, such as birds, mammals, reptiles, fish, etc. Approaches discussed include double-observer sampling, removal sampling, capture-recapture methods and distance sampling. The final section deals with the measurement of species richness; species diversity; species-abundance distributions; and other aspects of diversity such as evenness, similarity, turnover and rarity. This is an essential reference for anyone involved in advanced undergraduate or postgraduate ecological research and teaching, or those planning and carrying out data analysis as part of conservation survey and monitoring programmes.

Whooping Cranes Biology and Conservation

Whooping Cranes  Biology and Conservation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-04
ISBN : 0128035854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whooping Cranes: Biology and Conservation covers one of the most endangered birds in North America, and the subject of intense research and highly visible conservation activity. The volume summarizes current biological information on Whooping Cranes and provides the basis for future research necessary for conservation of this species. This edited volume concentrates on work completed in the past 20 years in the areas of population biology, behavior and social structure, habitat use, disease and health, captive breeding, and Whooping Crane conservation. Much of the information presented comes from the study and management of remnant and reintroduced populations of Whooping Cranes in the field; some information is from experimentation and breeding of captive Whooping Cranes. Whooping Cranes: Biology and Conservation seeks to inform and galvanize action dedicated to meeting the challenges faced by Whooping Crane managers and conservationists. Thus, it describes one model of endangered species conservation and restoration that will interest a wide audience: professionals that work on cranes; researchers in the fields of small population biology, endangered species, and avian ecology; wildlife veterinarians and those involved in avian husbandry; administrators of management agencies or conservation organizations; conservationists in other fields; teachers of conservation biology or ornithology and their students; and the educated general public. Presents a comprehensive treatment of the biology and ecology of Whooping Cranes, including biology of both remnant and reintroduced populations of Whooping Cranes Describes efforts over the past 45 years on conservation and the challenges of reintroducing an endangered species Includes chapters from a variety of disciplinary and scale perspectives, ranging from evolution, to population ecology, behavior, habitat use, large landscape conservation, conflict, and conservation efforts Features contributions that are readable, yet technically complete and fully referenced Provides an example of partnership and collegial action that integrates information produced by scientific research and operational wildlife management Edited and written by the leading Whooping Crane scholars and practitioners focused on this high-profile species of conservation concern

Measuring Arthropod Biodiversity

Measuring Arthropod Biodiversity Book
Author : Jean Carlos Santos,Geraldo Wilson Fernandes
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-11
ISBN : 3030532267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together a wide range of sampling methods for investigating different arthropod groups. Each chapter is organised to describe and evaluate the main sampling methods (field methods, materials and supplies, sampling protocols, effort needed, and limitations); in addition, some chapters describe the specimen preparation and conservation, species identification, data collection and management (treatment, statistical analysis, interpretation), and ecological/conservation implications of arthropod communities. The book aims to be a reference for zoologists, entomologists, arachnologists, ecologists, students, researchers, and for those interested in arthropod science and biodiversity. We hope the book will contribute to advance knowledge on field assessments and conservation strategies. Arthropods represent the most speciose group of organisms on Earth, with a remarkable number of species and interactions still to be described. These invertebrates are recognized for playing key ecological roles in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Because of the increasing and relentless threats arthropods are facing lately due to a multitude of human induced drivers, this book represents an important contribution to assess their biodiversity and role in ecosystem functioning and generation of ecosystem services worldwide.