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Applied Genomics and Public Health

Applied Genomics and Public Health Book
Author : George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-13
ISBN : 0128136960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Genomics and Public Health examines the interdisciplinary and growing area of how evidence-based genomic knowledge can be applied to public health, population health, healthcare and health policies. The book gathers experts from a variety of disciplines, including life sciences, social sciences, and health care to develop a comprehensive overview of the field. In addition, the book delves into subjects such as pharmacogenomics, genethics, big data, data translation and analysis, economic evaluation, genomic awareness and education, sociology, pricing and reimbursement, policy measures and economic evaluation in genomic medicine. This book is essential reading for researchers and students exploring applications of genomics to population and public health. In addition, it is ideal for those in the biomedical sciences, medical sociologists, healthcare professionals, nurses, regulatory bodies and health economists interested in learning more about this growing field. Explores the growing application of genomics to population and public health Features internationally renowned contributors from a variety of related fields Contains chapters on important topics such as genomic data sharing, genethics and public health genomics, genomics and sociology, and regulatory aspects of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies Book
Author : George Patrinos,Catalina Lopez-Correa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 0128115513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomic Medicine in Resource-limited Countries: Genomics for Every Nation provides in-depth analysis and key examples of the implementation of medical genomics in low-income nations across the globe, demonstrating how this advancing medical science has not only transformed health systems, but also led to improved patient care in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, among others. In addition to defining tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways at the population-wide level for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers, this book offers a case-study based approach that helps users understand how genomic medicine is used in disease-management. Examines essential concepts and protocols, and economic, social and legal considerations related to the implementation of genomic medicine in resource-limited nations Features concrete success stories of the implementation of medical genomics in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, amongst others Provides tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers to apply in their own work Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be accessed by nations with limited means and financial support for healthcare

Applied Genomics of Foodborne Pathogens

Applied Genomics of Foodborne Pathogens Book
Author : Xiangyu Deng,Henk C. den Bakker,Rene S. Hendriksen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-23
ISBN : 3319437518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a timely and thorough snapshot into the emerging and fast evolving area of applied genomics of foodborne pathogens. Driven by the drastic advance of whole genome shot gun sequencing (WGS) technologies, genomics applications are becoming increasingly valuable and even essential in studying, surveying and controlling foodborne microbial pathogens. The vast opportunities brought by this trend are often at odds with the lack of bioinformatics know-how among food safety and public health professionals, since such expertise is not part of a typical food microbiology curriculum and skill set. Further complicating the challenge is the large and ever evolving body of bioinformatics tools that can obfuscate newcomers to this area. Although reviews, tutorials and books are not in short supply in the fields of bioinformatics and genomics, until now there has not been a comprehensive and customized source of information designed for and accessible to microbiologists interested in applying cutting-edge genomics in food safety and public health research. This book fills this void with a well-selected collection of topics, case studies, and bioinformatics tools contributed by experts at the forefront of foodborne pathogen genomics research.

Human Genome Informatics

Human Genome Informatics Book
Author : Christophe Lambert,Darrol Baker,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-02
ISBN : 0128134313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Genome Informatics: Translating Genes into Health examines the most commonly used electronic tools for translating genomic information into clinically meaningful formats. By analyzing and comparing interpretation methods of whole genome data, the book discusses the possibilities of their application in genomic and translational medicine. Topics such as electronic decision-making tools, translation algorithms, interpretation and translation of whole genome data for rare diseases are thoroughly explored. In addition, discussions of current human genome databases and the possibilities of big data in genomic medicine are presented. With an updated approach on recent techniques and current human genomic databases, the book is a valuable source for students and researchers in genome and medical informatics. It is also ideal for workers in the bioinformatics industry who are interested in recent developments in the field. Provides an overview of the most commonly used electronic tools to translate genomic information Brings an update on the existing human genomic databases that directly impact genome interpretation Summarizes and comparatively analyzes interpretation methods of whole genome data and their application in genomic medicine

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128178205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease provides a fully up-to-date overview on genome plasticity and its role in human physiology and disease. Following an introduction to the field, a diverse range of chapters cover genomic and epigenomic analysis and the use of model organisms and genomic databases in studies. Specific molecular and biochemical mechanisms of genome plasticity are examined, including somatic variants, De Novo variants, founder variations, isolated populations dynamics, copy-number variations, mobile elements, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcription factors, non-coding RNAs, telomere dynamics and RNA editing. Later chapters explore disease relevance for cancer, as well as cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, inflammatory, and endocrine disease, and associated pathways for drug discovery. Examines the role of genome plasticity across a range of disease types, from cardiovascular disease, to cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders Adopts an interdisciplinary approach, with expert contributions across the spectrum of basic science and disease relevance to drug discovery

Public Health Genomics and International Wealth Creation

Public Health Genomics and International Wealth Creation Book
Author : Ebomoyi, E. William
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-03-30
ISBN : 1466685603
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2003, the secrets of the human genome were cracked open, creating a flurry of anticipation (and more than a little commercial buzz) about the role that genetic modification would play in years to come. This burgeoning field stands poised to redefine old paradigms and reshape industries such as medicine, agriculture, pharmacology, and biotechnology. Public Health Genomics and International Wealth Creation seeks to explore new opportunities and challenges in genomic commercialization by presenting a roadmap of current research, setting forth clear guidelines for how genomics can be wielded safely and ethically in a manner concordant with public welfare. Addressing problems such as chronic disease, world hunger, and global economic disparity, this book is an essential reference source for doctors, bioethicists, human genome specialists, and scientists in the fields of genetics and genomics. This authored monograph contains chapters on topics ranging from agronomics and biotechnology to commercial genomics, genome sequencing, cancer genomics, and more.

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 9780124201965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine, in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation Book
Author : Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-27
ISBN : 0128205202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, covers foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature, international consensus guidelines, population allele frequency, functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes, somatic mutations, somatic profiling, and much more. Compiles best practices, methods and sound evidence for DNA variant classification in one applied volume Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field Includes practical examples of variant classification for common and rare disorders, and across clinical phenotypes

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-04
ISBN : 0127999221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

Applied Genomics in the Clinic

Applied Genomics in the Clinic Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9789279327247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Within the context of JRC Enlargement and Integration Activities (E & IA), the workshop "Applied genomics in the Clinic" was organised in Istanbul on 17-19 October 2012. The main aim of the workshop was to get an overview of the state of the art of applied genomics in the clinical context in accession and candidate countries, as well as new members, to share best practices in EU and to evaluate these in the light of a public health perspective. There is a clear divide behind the genomic services offered in a country and the awareness among research scientists of the available genomic applications and the future impact of genomic technologies on health services and clinical approaches. In all countries there are a number of common obstacles that delay penetration of genomic technologies in clinical applications : lack of recognised experts (medical genetics HAS to be recognised as a medical specialty) lack of a regulatory framework that involves political determination of decision makers, lack of common databases on methods and experts, lack of ongoing education for physicians and most importantly reimbursement of testing. Stronger connections and collaborations with the EU for research and technology transfer will function as a leverage for these countries in adopting genomic tools and harmonising the quality of healthcare services they offer. It is very important to establish recognized objective state of the art guidelines for application of genomic technologies in clinical practice. Such guidelines adopted by countries will form the basis of reimbursement policies at national and cross border levels. In addition establishing reliable, not for profit, open access databases for building reference datasets for correct and efficient interpretation of complex data generated by advanced genomic technologies will speed up adoption of the technology in the clinic.

Emery and Rimoin s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics

Emery and Rimoin   s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics Book
Author : Reed E. Pyeritz,Bruce R. Korf,Wayne W. Grody
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0128126833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For decades, Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics has served as the ultimate resource for clinicians integrating genetics into medical practice. With nearly 5,000 pages of detailed coverage, contributions from over 250 of the world’s most trusted authorities in medical genetics, and a series of 11 volumes available for individual sale, the Seventh Edition of this classic reference includes the latest information on seminal topics such as prenatal diagnosis, genome and exome sequencing, public health genetics, genetic counseling, and management and treatment strategies to complete its coverage of this growing field for medical students, residents, physicians, and researchers involved in the care of patients with genetic conditions. This comprehensive yet practical resource emphasizes theory and research fundamentals related to applications of medical genetics across the full spectrum of inherited disorders and applications to medicine more broadly. In Metabolic Disorders, leading physicians and researchers thoroughly examine medical genetics as applied to a range of metabolic disorders, with emphasis on understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying these disorders, diagnostic approaches, and therapeutics that make use of current genomic technologies and translational studies. Here genetic researchers, students, and health professionals will find new and fully revised chapters on the genetic basis of body mass, amino acid, carbohydrate, iron, copper, lipo protein, and lipid metabolic disorders, as well as organic acidemias, fatty acid oxidation, and peroxisome disorders among others. With regular advances in genomic technologies propelling precision medicine into the clinic, Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics: Seventh Edition bridges the gap between high-level molecular genetics and practical application and serves as an invaluable clinical tool for health professionals and researchers. Wholly revised and up-to-date, this volume thoroughly addresses medical genetics and genomics as applied to metabolic disorders, with emphasis on understanding the genetic mechanisms underlying these disorders, diagnostic approaches, and treatment methods Provides genetic researchers, students, and health professionals with up-to-date coverage on the genetic basis of a range of metabolic disorders, including body mass, amino acid, carbohydrate, iron, copper, lipo protein, and lipid metabolic disorders, as well as organic acidemias, fatty acid oxidation, and peroxisome disorders among others Includes color images supporting identification, concept illustration, and method processing Features contributions by leading international researchers and practitioners of medical genetics A robust companion website offers lecture slides, image banks, and links to outside resources and articles to stay up-to-date on the latest developments in the field

Managing Health in the Genomic Era

Managing Health in the Genomic Era Book
Author : Vincent Henrich,Lori A. Orlando,Brian H. Shirts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-27
ISBN : 0128160160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Managing Health in the Genomic Era: A Guide to Family Health History and Disease Risk, Drs. Vincent C. Henrich, Lori A. Orlando, and Brian H. Shirts discuss the practical considerations surrounding the use of genomic and genetic tests to manage patient health, to provide adult disease risk assessment, to improve diagnosis, and to support effective interventions and treatment. In 10 chapters, evidence-based information and case studies are described and examine the central place of family health history (FHH) in genomic medicine, tools and strategies for compiling and analyzing family health history, how to identify existing and novel genetic markers, how to identify lineage specific (or rare) variants within families, and how to find effective interventions based on genetic testing results and FHH. Factors that influence clinical practice, including gene-environment interactions, FHH social networking, direct to consumer (DTC) genetic testing and data sharing, algorithms for analyzing genetic data, and patient counseling are discussed from the standpoint of clinical practice. Here, frontline healthcare providers will discover succinct commentary and key examples to assist with their local needs. Relevant principles of genetic biology and inheritance are explored and guidance on available support networks and online resources is also provided Presents a practical, accessible resource for primary care providers, allied health professionals, pharmacologists, public health professionals, students and clinical researchers Addresses genetic and genomic approaches in managing patient health, conducting and analyzing family health histories, and assessing adult disease risk Features an expert author team with direct experience integrating genetics and genomics in primary care and family medicine settings Examines the attributes and limitations of family health history, genetic testing, and genomic testing in clinical practice Includes detailed explanations following practice-based examples

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Christina Mitropoulou,Sarah Wordsworth,George P. Patrinos,James Buchanan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09
ISBN : 9780128133828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine provides an in-depth examination of essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine. Contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists compile new ways to effectively assess the costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways, implement cost-effective medical interventions, and enhance the value of genomic and precision healthcare. Foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies cover topics ranging from the economic analysis of genomic trial design, to health technology assessment of next-generation sequencing, ethical aspects, economic policy in genomic medicine, and pricing and reimbursement in clinical genomics. Introduces clinicians, researchers and students to essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine Demonstrates, through foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies, how to assess the relative costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways and implement cost-effective budgets Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be leveraged to simultaneously reduce costs and enhance the value of healthcare Features contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists that are actively evolved in economic assessments of genomic and precision medicine

Managing Health in the Genomic Era

Managing Health in the Genomic Era Book
Author : Vincent Henrich,Lori A. Orlando,Brian H. Shirts
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-29
ISBN : 0128160152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Managing Health in the Genomic Era: A Guide to Family Health History and Disease Risk, Drs. Vincent C. Henrich, Lori A. Orlando, and Brian H. Shirts discuss the practical considerations surrounding the use of genomic and genetic tests to manage patient health, to provide adult disease risk assessment, to improve diagnosis, and to support effective interventions and treatment. In 10 chapters, evidence-based information and case studies are described and examine the central place of family health history (FHH) in genomic medicine, tools and strategies for compiling and analyzing family health history, how to identify existing and novel genetic markers, how to identify lineage specific (or rare) variants within families, and how to find effective interventions based on genetic testing results and FHH. Factors that influence clinical practice, including gene-environment interactions, FHH social networking, direct to consumer (DTC) genetic testing and data sharing, algorithms for analyzing genetic data, and patient counseling are discussed from the standpoint of clinical practice. Here, frontline healthcare providers will discover succinct commentary and key examples to assist with their local needs. Relevant principles of genetic biology and inheritance are explored and guidance on available support networks and online resources is also provided Presents a practical, accessible resource for primary care providers, allied health professionals, pharmacologists, public health professionals, students and clinical researchers Addresses genetic and genomic approaches in managing patient health, conducting and analyzing family health histories, and assessing adult disease risk Features an expert author team with direct experience integrating genetics and genomics in primary care and family medicine settings Examines the attributes and limitations of family health history, genetic testing, and genomic testing in clinical practice Includes detailed explanations following practice-based examples

Microbiomics

Microbiomics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-21
ISBN : 0128172827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiomics: Dimensions, Applications, and Translational Implications of Human and Environmental Microbiome Research describes a new, holistic approach to microbiomics. International experts provide in-depth discussion of current research methods for studying human, environmental, viral and fungal microbiomes, as well as the implications of new discoveries for human health, nutrition, disease, cancer research, probiotics and in the food and agricultural industries. Distinct chapters covering culturomics and sub-microbiomes, such as the viriome and mycetobiome, provide an integrative framework for the expansion of microbiomics into new areas of application, as well as crosspollination between research areas. Detailed case studies include the use of microbiomics to develop natural products with antimicrobial properties, microbiomic enhancements in food and beverage technology, microbes for bioprotection and biopreservation, microbial tools to reduce antibiotic resistance, and maintenance and cultivation of human microbial communities. Provides an integrated approach for realizing the potential of microbiomics across the life, environmental, food and agricultural sciences Includes thorough analysis of human, environmental, viral and mycetol microbiomes, as well as methods and technology for identifying microbiotes Features chapter contributions from international leaders in microbiomic methods, technology and applications

Genomic and Precision Medicine

Genomic and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard,Sean P. David
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-30
ISBN : 0128006544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomic and Precision Medicine: Primary Care, Third Edition is an invaluable resource on the state-of-the-art tools, technologies and policy issues that are required to fully realize personalized health care in the area of primary care. One of the major areas where genomic and personalized medicine is most active is the realm of the primary care practitioner. Risk, family history, personal genomics and pharmacogenomics are becoming increasingly important to the PCP and their patients, and this book discusses the implications as they relate to primary care practitioners. Presents a comprehensive volume for primary care providers Provides succinct commentary and key learning points that will assist providers with their local needs for the implementation of genomic and personalized medicine Includes a current overview on major opportunities for genomic and personalized medicine in practice Highlights case studies that illustrate the practical use of genomics in the management in patients

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-11-11
ISBN : 9780080919034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — provides an in-depth look at one of the most promising avenues for advances in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, predicting disease susceptibility, pharmacogenomics and more presents this book as an essential tool for both students and specialists across many biological and medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, cardiology, infectious disease, molecular medicine, and biomedical science, as well as health policy disciplines focusing on ethical, legal, regulatory and economic aspects of genomics and medicine. Volume One Includes: Principles, Methodology and Translational Approaches, takes readers on the journey from principles of human genomics to technology, informatic and computational platforms for genomic medicine, as well as strategies for translating genomic discoveries into advances in personalized clinical care. Volume Two Includes: Genome Discoveries and Clinical Applications presents the latest developments in disease-based genomic and personalized medicine. With chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, this work provides the most comprehensive guide to the principles and practice of genomic and personalized medicine. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine Contributions from leaders in the field provide unparalleled insight into current technologies and applications in clinical medicine. Full colour throughout enhances the utility of this work as the only available comprehensive reference for genomic and personalized medicine. Discusses scientific foundations and practical applications of new discoveries, as well as ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine.

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation Book
Author : Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 0128205199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live in a very exciting time in the field of human genetics; NGS technology is generating enormous amounts of data for classifying genetic variants. However, defining the role of these variants in human health and disease can be difficult, especially when a variant's mechanism of action or the phenotype associated with a genetic mutation are not well defined. Work in multidisciplinary teams and development of multifactorial algorithms, including artificial intelligence and machine learning approaches, are integral to streamlining variant classification. Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, brings more than thirty international experts together to compile variant interpretation best practices and approaches in a single volume, covering foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians, and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature; international consensus guidelines; population allele frequency; functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes; somatic mutations and somatic profiling; CNV interpretation; quantitative modeling; machine learning approaches; genomic data sharing; genetic testing in clinical practice; and holistic case-level interpretation. Biomedical specialties of relevance include internal medicine, medical genetics, oncology, psychiatry, neurology, and immunology, and those driving implementation of precision medicine and personalized treatments.

Genomics and Society

Genomics and Society Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Ruth Chadwick
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-10-29
ISBN : 0127999213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomics and Society; Ethical, Legal-Cultural, and Socioeconomic Implications is the first book to address the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011. The work addresses fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system. Of particular interest to healthcare practitioners, bioethicists, and health economists, and of tangential interest to the gamut of applied social scientists investigating the societal impact of new medical paradigms, the work describes a myriad of issues around consent, confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and legality in the new era of genomic medicine. Addresses the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011 Presents the core fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system Describes a myriad of issues around consent, including confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and more

Psychiatric Genomics

Psychiatric Genomics Book
Author : Evangelia Eirini Tsermpini,Martin Alda,George P. Patrinos
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-01
ISBN : 0128214007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although psychiatric disorders affect a large percentage of the world population, current treatment approaches and drugs administered often come with unwelcome side effects that may decrease patients’ quality of life. Psychiatric genomics is a rapidly growing field that adopts computational approaches to identify genetic factors underlying psychiatric disorders, as well as the appropriate drug and dosage plans, to enhance personalized treatment and avoid adverse reactions. Psychiatric Genomics presents and synthesizes available knowledge in the field of psychiatric genomics, and offers methodologies to advance new research and aid clinical translation. After providing an introduction to genomics and psychiatry, across 23 chapters, international experts discuss the genomic basis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, addictions, eating disorders, and sleep disorders, among other disorders. In addition, recommendations for next steps in clinical implementation and drug discovery are discussed in-depth, with chapters dedicated to pharmacogenomics and antipsychotics, antidepressants and mood stabilizers, adverse drug reactions, implementation of pharmacogenomics in psychiatric clinics, and ethical issues. Methods sections provide a solid grounding in research approaches and computational analytics, from using animal models in psychiatric genomics and accessing biobanks to employing computational analysis, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), brain pathophysiology, and endophenotypes in psychiatric research. Thoroughly examines genetic mechanisms underlying a broad range of psychiatric disorders Offers genomic methodologies and analytical approaches supporting new research and clinical translation, as well as personalized diagnosis and treatment models Features chapters contributions from international leaders in the field