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Applied Drought Modeling Prediction And Mitigation

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Applied Drought Modeling Prediction and Mitigation

Applied Drought Modeling  Prediction  and Mitigation Book
Author : Zekâi Şen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-03
ISBN : 0128024224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Drought Modelling, Prediction, and Mitigation provides a practical guide to new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions. The modeling procedures covered by the book include recent advancements in regional drought extent, coverage, intensity, and water deficit predictions, which are increasingly significant given current climate change impacts on water resources. Each modeling procedure is explained theoretically prior to the mathematical derivation, and includes book examples, exercises, and case studies that supplement the applied and practical material, thus making the approaches accessible and applicable to the reader. Presents new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions Includes online modeling tools to help readers quickly solve drought related problems Presents methodologies, including drought features (duration, intensity, and magnitude) at any desired risk level Include case studies from arid and semi-arid regions

Flood Modeling Prediction and Mitigation

Flood Modeling  Prediction and Mitigation Book
Author : Zekâi Şen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 3319523562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book draws on the author’s professional experience and expertise in humid and arid regions to familiarize readers with the basic scientific philosophy and methods regarding floods and their impacts on human life and property. The basis of each model, algorithm and calculation methodology is presented, together with logical and analytical strategies. Global warming and climate change trends are addressed, while flood risk assessments, vulnerability, preventive and mitigation procedures are explained systematically, helping readers apply them in a rational and effective manner. Lastly, real-world project applications are highlighted in each section, ensuring readers grasp not only the theoretical aspects but also their concrete implementation.

Earth Systems Data Processing and Visualization Using MATLAB

Earth Systems Data Processing and Visualization Using MATLAB Book
Author : Zekâi Şen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-27
ISBN : 3030015424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to provide easy means of problem solving based on the science philosophical and logical rules that lead to effective and reliable software at the service of professional earth system scientists through numerical scientific computation techniques. Through careful examination of software illuminated by brief scientific explanations given in the book the reader may develop his/her skills of computer program writing. Science aspects that are concerned with earth systems need numerical computation procedures and algorithms of data collected from the field measurements or laboratory records. The same is also valid for data processing in social sciences and economics. Some of the data assessment and processing procedures are at the large scales and complex, and therefore, require effective and efficient computer programs. Data reduction and graphical display in addition to probabilistic and statistical calculations are among the general purposes of the book. Not only students’ works but also projects of researchers at universities and tasks of experts in different companies depend on reliable software. Especially, potential users of MATLAB in earth systems need a guidance book that covers a variety of practically applicable software solutions.

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 0323886159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies in Hazards and Risk Management addresses the need for a comprehensive book that focuses on multi-hazard assessments, natural and manmade hazards, and risk management using new methods and technologies that employ GIS, artificial intelligence, spatial modeling, machine learning tools and meta-heuristic techniques. The book is clearly organized into four parts that cover natural hazards, environmental hazards, advanced tools and technologies in risk management, and future challenges in computer applications to hazards and risk management. Researchers and professionals in Earth and Environmental Science who require the latest technologies and advances in hazards, remote sensing, geosciences, spatial modeling and machine learning will find this book to be an invaluable source of information on the latest tools and technologies available. Covers advanced tools and technologies in risk management of hazards in both the Earth and Environmental Sciences Details the benefits and applications of various technologies to assist researchers in choosing the most appropriate techniques for purpose Expansively covers specific future challenges in the use of computers in Earth and Environmental Science Includes case studies that detail the applications of the discussed technologies down to individual hazards

Agricultural Risk Transfer

Agricultural Risk Transfer Book
Author : Roman Hohl
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2018-12-26
ISBN : 1119345634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gain a holistic view of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market risk transfer Increasing agricultural production and food security remain key challenges for mankind. In order to meet global food demand, the Food and Agriculture Organisation estimates that production has to increase by 50% by 2050 and requires large investments. Agricultural insurance and financial instruments have been an integral part to advancing productivity and are becoming more important in increasingly globalized and specialized agricultural supply chains in the wake of potentially more frequent and severe natural disasters in today’s key producing markets. Underwriting, pricing and transferring agricultural risks is complex and requires a solid understanding of the production system, exposure, perils and the most suitable products, which vastly differ among developed and developing markets. In the last decade, new insurance schemes in emerging agricultural markets have greatly contributed to the large growth of the industry from a premium volume of US$10.1 billion (2006) to US$30.7 billion (2017). This growth is bound to continue as insurance penetration and exposure increase and new schemes are being developed. Agricultural (re)insurance has become a cornerstone of sovereign disaster risk financing frameworks. Agricultural Risk Transfer introduces the main concepts of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market risk transfer that are discussed through industry case studies. It also discusses best industry practices for all main insurance products for crop, livestock, aquaculture and forestry risks including risk assessment, underwriting, pricing, modelling and loss adjustment. Describes agricultural production risks and risk management approaches Covers risk transfer of production and financial risks through insurance and financial instruments Introduces modelling concepts for the main perils and key data sources that support risk transfer through indemnity- and index-based products Describes risk pricing and underwriting approaches for crop, livestock, aquaculture and forestry exposure in developed and developing agricultural systems Become familiar with risk transfer concepts to reinsurance and capital markets Get to know the current market landscape and main risk transfer products for individual producers, agribusinesses and governments through theory and comprehensive industry case studies Through Agricultural Risk Transfer, you’ll gain a holistic view of agricultural (re)insurance and capital market solutions which will support better underwriting, more structured product development and improved risk transfer.

Intelligent Data Analytics for Decision Support Systems in Hazard Mitigation

Intelligent Data Analytics for Decision Support Systems in Hazard Mitigation Book
Author : Ravinesh C. Deo,Pijush Samui,Ozgur Kisi,Zaher Mundher Yaseen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-09
ISBN : 9811557721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights cutting-edge applications of machine learning techniques for disaster management by monitoring, analyzing, and forecasting hydro-meteorological variables. Predictive modelling is a consolidated discipline used to forewarn the possibility of natural hazards. In this book, experts from numerical weather forecast, meteorology, hydrology, engineering, agriculture, economics, and disaster policy-making contribute towards an interdisciplinary framework to construct potent models for hazard risk mitigation. The book will help advance the state of knowledge of artificial intelligence in decision systems to aid disaster management and policy-making. This book can be a useful reference for graduate student, academics, practicing scientists and professionals of disaster management, artificial intelligence, and environmental sciences.

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Comprehensive Energy Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-07
ISBN : 0128149256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation

Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation Book
Author : Prashant K. Srivastava,Sudhir Kumar Singh,U. C. Mohanty,Tad Murty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-27
ISBN : 1119359171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to managing and mitigating natural disasters Recent years have seen a surge in the number, frequency, and severity of natural disasters, with further increases expected as the climate continues to change. However, advanced computational and geospatial technologies have enabled the development of sophisticated early warning systems and techniques to predict, manage, and mitigate disasters.Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation explores different approaches to forecasting disasters and provides guidance on mitigation and adaptation strategies. Volume highlights include: Review of current and emerging technologies for disaster prediction Different approaches to risk management and mitigation Strategies for implementing disaster plans and infrastructure improvements Guidance on integrating artificial intelligence with GIS and earth observation data Examination of the regional and global impacts of disasters under climate variability

Florida Cumulus Seeding Experiment for Drought Mitigation

Florida Cumulus Seeding Experiment for Drought Mitigation Book
Author : W. L. Woodley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Florida Cumulus Seeding Experiment for Drought Mitigation book written by W. L. Woodley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Integrating Disaster Science and Management

Integrating Disaster Science and Management Book
Author : Pijush Samui,Dookie Kim,Chandan Ghosh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-04
ISBN : 0128120576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Disaster Science and Management: Global Case Studies in Mitigation and Recovery bridges the gap between scientific research on natural disasters and the practice of disaster management. It examines natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis, and uses integrated disaster management techniques, quantitative methods and big data analytics to create early warning models to mitigate impacts of these hazards and reduce the risk of disaster. It also looks at mitigation as part of the recovery process after a disaster, as in the case of the Nepal earthquake. Edited by global experts in disaster management and engineering, the book offers case studies that focus on the critical phases of disaster management. Identifies advanced techniques and models based on natural disaster science for forecasting disasters and analyzing risk Offers a holistic approach to the problem of disaster management, including preparation, recovery, and resilience Includes coverage of social, economic, and environmental impacts on disasters

Quantification of Climate Variability Adaptation and Mitigation for Agricultural Sustainability

Quantification of Climate Variability  Adaptation and Mitigation for Agricultural Sustainability Book
Author : Mukhtar Ahmed,Claudio O. Stockle
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-06
ISBN : 3319320599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive volume dealing with climate change impacts on agriculture, and which can help guide the redesign of agricultural management and cropping systems. It includes mitigation techniques such as use of bioenergy crops, fertilizer and manure management, conservation tillage, crop rotations, cover crops and cropping intensity, irrigation, erosion control, management of drained wetlands, lime amendments, residue management, biochar and biotechnology. It also includes Management of GHG emissions Crop models as decision support tools QTL analysis Crop water productivity Impacts of drought on cereal crops Silvopastoral systems Changing climate impact on wheat-based cropping systems of South Asia Phosphorous dynamics under changing climate Role of bioinformatics The focus of the book is climate change mitigation to enhance sustainability in agriculture. We present various kinds of mitigation options, ways to minimize GHG emissions and better use of the latest techniques in conservation and environmental-sustainability.

Tools for Drought Mitigation in Mediterranean Regions

Tools for Drought Mitigation in Mediterranean Regions Book
Author : Giuseppe Rossi,Antonino Cancelliere,L.S. Pereira,Theib Oweis,Muhammad Shatanawi,Abdelaziz Zairi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401001294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant vulnerability of water systems to drought is a common issue of water resources management in Mediterranean regions. This is due both to the increasing occurrence and severity of drought events and to the growing demand for municipal, tourist, and agricultural uses. The INCO-DC project entitled "A Decision Support System for Mitigation of Drought Impacts in the Mediterranean Regions" (DSS DROUGHT) addresses this issue, contributing to an improved management of water supply systems for irrigation, which represents the most consumptive sector of water resources uses in the Mediterranean region. In order to develop a comprehensive approach toward improved operation of irrigation systems under drought conditions, the project was developed around the following five main, strictly interconnected tasks: Identification of drought characteristics at a site and over a region Modelling irrigation management under conditions of water scarcity Modelling operation of water supply systems under drought conditions Integration of the developed methodologies within a Decision Support System software package Definition of requisites for Drought Watch Systems The research resulted in an advancement of knowledge through in-depth analysis of innovative methodologies, the development of tools to help decision-makers in coping with droughts through the implementation of the developed procedures in software packages, and the application of these tools to the case-studies identified by partners in their countries.

Integrated Flood and Drought Mitigation Mesures and Strategies Case Study The Mun River Basin Thailand

Integrated Flood and Drought Mitigation Mesures and Strategies  Case Study  The Mun River Basin  Thailand Book
Author : Saowanit Prabnakorn
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-07
ISBN : 1000038327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Floods and droughts are climate extremes that account for more than 80% of people affected by natural disasters worldwide. Both catastrophes co-exist in many river basins, for example, the Mun River Basin in Thailand, which is selected as the study area. Approximately 90% of rice cultivation here is rain-fed, and that results in the lowest yields in the country, making many farmers persist in poverty. This study aims to assess floods and droughts and their impacts on agriculture at the basin scale. For flooding, the hydrologic and hydraulic models were developed to produce the first completed flood hazard maps at the Mun River Basin. Droughts in the basin were determined by the proposed drought risk assessment scheme that combines all three key components (hazard, exposure, and vulnerability). Subsequently, the study attempts to tackle both floods and droughts simultaneously and sustainably by using integrated measures and strategies. If the problems caused by flood and drought climate extremes are solved, this will ensure adequate food availability and alleviate poverty in the basin. Furthermore, the study shows that a holistic approach to simultaneously solving both problems is efficient as most water will be utilized to benefit agriculture, the primary sector that feeds a growing population.

The Drought Risk Analysis Forecasting and Assessment under Climate Change

The Drought Risk Analysis  Forecasting  and Assessment under Climate Change Book
Author : Tae-Woong Kim
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-06
ISBN : 3039368060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue is a platform to fill the gaps in drought risk analysis with field experience and expertise. It covers (1) robust index development for effective drought monitoring; (2) risk analysis framework development and early warning systems; (3) impact investigations on hydrological and agricultural sectors; (4) environmental change impact analyses. The articles in the Special Issue cover a wide geographic range, across China, Taiwan, Korea, and the Indo-China peninsula, which covers many contrasting climate conditions. Hence, the results have global implications: the data, analysis/modeling, methodologies, and conclusions lay a solid foundation for enhancing our scientific knowledge of drought mechanisms and relationships to various environmental conditions.

Drought prediction preparation and response

Drought prediction  preparation  and response Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Drought prediction preparation and response book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Methods and Tools for Drought Analysis and Management

Methods and Tools for Drought Analysis and Management Book
Author : Giuseppe Rossi,Teodoro Vega,Brunella Bonaccorso
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-26
ISBN : 1402059248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Frequent drought events have recently occurred in different Mediterranean regions. These have highlighted a general inadequacy of the current strategies applied to mitigate negative impacts of such phenomenon. This book provides various methods of drought monitoring at different spatial scales, as well as innovative drought forecasting techniques based on stochastic approaches. Besides common drought indices (i.e. SPI), new agrometeorological indices are proposed.

Modeling In Resource Management And Environment Through Geomatics

Modeling In Resource Management And Environment Through Geomatics Book
Author : H.S. Sharma And P.R. Binda
Publisher : Concept Publishing Company
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9788180694875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modeling In Resource Management And Environment Through Geomatics book written by H.S. Sharma And P.R. Binda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 1351851160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.

Agriculture Rural Development Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015

Agriculture  Rural Development  Food and Drug Administration  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Agriculture Rural Development Food and Drug Administration and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Applied Hydrology Second Edition

Handbook of Applied Hydrology  Second Edition Book
Author : Vijay P. Singh
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2016-03-07
ISBN : 0071835105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology