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Applications Of Nuclear And Radioisotope Technology

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Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology Book
Author : Khalid Al Nabhani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-17
ISBN : 0128232269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology: For Peace and Sustainable Development presents the latest technology and research on nuclear energy with a practical focus on a variety of applications. Author Dr. Khalid Al-Nabhani provides a thorough and well-rounded view of the status of nuclear power generation in order to promote its benefits towards a sustainable, clean and secure future. This book offers innovative theoretical, analytical, methodological and technological approaches, encourages a positive societal and political uptake. This book enhances awareness of peaceful nuclear applications across a broad spectrum of industries, including power generation, agriculture, and medicine. It presents successful examples and lessons learned across many countries that are working towards their sustainability goals in cooperation with the IAEA and AAEA, to benefit researchers, professionals and decision-makers implementing and developing their own nuclear strategies for the future. Presents theoretical and scientific knowledge which is supported with real examples and successful experiences Provides prevailing perceptions of nuclear safety and security concerns by presenting the most advanced safety and security systems Applies technologies to a variety of applications to guide the reader to make informed decisions to help meet sustainability goals

The Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization

The Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization Book
Author : Herbert W. Feely,Alan Walton,Charles R. Barnett,Fernando Bazan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1961
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization book written by Herbert W. Feely,Alan Walton,Charles R. Barnett,Fernando Bazan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans Lives

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans    Lives Book
Author : Farshid Tabbakh
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2019-12-10
ISBN : 1527544516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Without using nuclear technology, today’s societies would not be as developed as they are. Increasing public knowledge about the countless advantages of this technology not only improves people’s health, but also it significantly provides economic growth for the whole society. This handbook provides a full, comprehensive introduction to the applications of nuclear technology. It details the usage of nuclear technology in every aspect of life, including in various different industries, medicine and health, art and cultural heritage, and security and forensics.

A Study of Factors Affecting the Development and Utilization of AEC Sponsored Radioisotope Applications Technology

A Study of Factors Affecting the Development and Utilization of AEC Sponsored Radioisotope Applications Technology Book
Author : North Carolina State University. Department of Nuclear Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Study of Factors Affecting the Development and Utilization of AEC Sponsored Radioisotope Applications Technology book written by North Carolina State University. Department of Nuclear Engineering, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Study of the Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization

The Study of the Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Study of the Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Contributions and Future of Radioisotopes in Medical Industrial and Space Applications

Contributions and Future of Radioisotopes in Medical  Industrial and Space Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are 333 isotopes that have a half-life between 1 day and 100,000 years that have a wide variety of applications including public health, medicine, industrial technology, food technology and packaging, agriculture, energy supply, and national security. This paper provides an overview of some of the most extensive applications of radioisotopes including some observations of future uses. Examples are discussed that indicate that the use of radioisotopes is almost unlimited and will continue to grow. There is a growing need for future applications development and production. 12 refs., 1 tab. (BM).

Active Interrogation in Nuclear Security

Active Interrogation in Nuclear Security Book
Author : Igor Jovanovic,Anna S. Erickson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-07
ISBN : 3319744674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume constitutes the state-of-the-art in active interrogation, widely recognized as indispensable methods for addressing current and future nuclear security needs. Written by a leading group of science and technology experts, this comprehensive reference presents technologies and systems in the context of the fundamental physics challenges and practical requirements. It compares the features, limitations, technologies, and impact of passive and active measurement techniques; describes radiation sources for active interrogation including electron and ion accelerators, intense lasers, and radioisotope-based sources; and it describes radiation detectors used for active interrogation. Entire chapters are devoted to data acquisition and processing systems, modeling and simulation, data interpretation and algorithms, and a survey of working active measurement systems. Active Interrogation in Nuclear Security is structured to appeal to a range of audiences, including graduate students, active researchers in the field, and policy analysts. The first book devoted entirely to active interrogation Presents a focused review of the relevant physics Surveys available technology Analyzes scientific and technology trends Provides historical and policy context Igor Jovanovic is a Professor of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences at the University of Michigan and has previously also taught at Penn State University and Purdue University. He received his Ph.D. from University of California, Berkeley and worked as physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Jovanovic has made numerous contributions to the science and technology of radiation detection, as well as the radiation sources for use in active interrogation in nuclear security. He has taught numerous undergraduate and graduate courses in areas that include radiation detection, nuclear physics, and nuclear security. At University of Michigan Dr. Jovanovic is the director of Neutron Science Laboratory and is also associated with the Center for Ultrafast Optical Science. Anna Erickson is an Assistant Professor in the Nuclear and Radiological Engineering Program of the G.W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. Previously, she was a postdoctoral researcher in the Advanced Detectors Group at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Erickson received her PhD from Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a focus on radiation detection for active interrogation applications. Her research interests focus on nuclear non-proliferation including antineutrino analysis and non-traditional detector design and characterization. She teaches courses in advanced experimental detection for reactor and nuclear nonproliferation applications, radiation dosimetry and fast reactor analysis.

Radioisotope and Nuclear Technologies for Space Exploration

Radioisotope and Nuclear Technologies for Space Exploration Book
Author : Robert Charles O'Brien
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioisotope heat sources and power systems, traditionally fuelled by 238Pu, have been developed and used for spacecraft thermal management and to provide electrical power during many deep space and planetary science missions. The use of fission reactors in space, however, has been limited to high power applications in Earth orbit. Previous ground based research programs conducted by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission demonstrated the principal of nuclear thermal rocket propulsion but to date, flight heritage of nuclear propulsion has been limited to nuclear-electric propulsion. The development of space nuclear systems and tributary components that are capable of meeting the rigors of space flight is of paramount importance. Performance, lifetime and operational safety under all foreseeable conditions are essential considerations that must be made. The selection of appropriate materials and environmental compatibility is vital to the success of any given design. The ability for radioisotope heat sources to survive the extreme temperatures and mechanical loads associated with launch related accidents, is both legally mandated and necessary for the protection of life and the Earth?s environment. Nuclear fuels for fission systems must provide equal protection during accidents while the integral design ensures that a reactor remains in a safe configuration. A historical overview of nuclear systems for space is presented. Traditional and modern system designs and fabrication techniques are discussed. Applicable solid state and mechanical power conversion methods are described and their performances are evaluated. Consideration is made for the effect of radioisotope selection and heat source encapsulation architecture upon radiation safety. The identification of 241Am as an alternative isotope fuel is made. Other candidate isotopes such as 210Po, 242Cm and 244Cm are assessed. The development of encapsulation methods that are resistant to the extraction and dispersion of the radioactive materials enclosed is increasingly attractive for security reasons. Spark Plasma Sintering(SPS) processes are presented as novel, simple and rapid techniques for the encapsulation of radioisotopic materials within tungsten ceramic-metallic or cermet matrices. Computational modelling via Monte-Carlo simulation has shown that the encapsulation of radioisotopes within heterogeneous tungsten cermet matrices may reduce the neutron, X-ray and Gamma-ray radiation dose delivered to the localised environment. The prevention of fabrication related volatilisation of radioisotopic compounds is fundamental to the success of the encapsulation process. SPS is empirically demonstrated via the use of CeO2 as an inert simulant for radioisotopic compounds such as PuO2, AmO2 and UO2. The chemical compatibility of americium oxides within a tungsten matrix is also demonstrated through pressureless sintering within a Differential Scanning Calorimetric furnace. The techniques developed for radioisotope encapsulation are also demonstrated in context of cermet fuel fabrication for high temperature space power and propulsion reactor systems. The use of tungsten cermet fuels may eliminate material incompatibilities and failures experienced by historical nuclear thermal propulsion programs. Finally, three novel concept applications of nuclear energy as an enabling technology for planetary exploration are presented. Melt penetration of icy surfaces and long range mobility on planetary surfaces is proposed via the use of pulsed high power heat capacitive radioisotope sources. In-situ resource utilization is considered for propellant production. The use of CO2 is proposed as a propellant for a radioisotope thermal rocket in the context of a?Mars Hopper?. A CO2 propellant is also considered in the context of a high temperature (3000?C) nuclear thermal propulsion system for a single stage surface ascent vehicle under a Mars sample return mission.

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Book
Author : Salah Ud-Din Khan,Alexander V. Nakhabov
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-06-16
ISBN : 0128189436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region’s goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Handling and Processing of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Applications

Handling and Processing of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Applications Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report provides detailed information on the handling, processing and storage techniques most widely used and recommended for waste from non-fuel-cycle activities, i.e. radioactive waste generated during the application of nuclear techniques and radioisotopes in industry, medicine, research and education. The report was designed to meet mainly the needs of developing countries by focusing on the most simple, affordable and reliable techniques and discussing their advantages and limitations.

Hanford Site Historic District

Hanford Site Historic District Book
Author : Hanford Cultural and Historic Resources Program
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors of the book are archaeologists, architectural historians, and anthropologists, who worked in conjunction with Hanford staff for verification of accuracy and authenticity.

Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics

Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Energy Research Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1974
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nuclear Science Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sister Lab Program Prospective Partner Nuclear Profile

Sister Lab Program Prospective Partner Nuclear Profile Book
Author : S. Tyson,M. Bissani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Tun Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman suggested in the early 1970s that Malaysia should have a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. Accordingly, the Center for the Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was established, with a focus on the development of a scientific and technical pool critical to a national nuclear power program. The Malaysian Cabinet next established the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Center (TIARC) under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment on 19 September 1972, at a site in Bangi, about 35 km south of Kuala Lampur. On 28 June 1982, the PUSPATI reactor, a 1-MW TRIGA MK-II research reactor, first reached criticality. On 10 August 1994, TIARC was officially renamed as the Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT). In addition to radioisotope production and neutron radiography conducted at the PUSPATI research reactor, MINT also supports numerous programs employing nuclear technology for medicine, agriculture and industry, and has been involved in both bilateral and multilateral technical cooperation to extend its capabilities. As an energy exporting country, Malaysia has felt little incentive to develop a nuclear energy program, and high level opposition within the government discouraged it further. A recent statement by Malaysia's Science, Technology and Innovation Minister supported this view, indicating that only a near-catastrophic jump in world oil prices might change the government's view. However, the rate at which Malaysia is using its natural gas and oil reserves is expected to force it to reassess the role of nuclear energy in the near future. In addition, the government does intend to construct a radioactive waste repository to dispose of naturally occurring radioactive materials (extracted during tin mining, in particular). Also, Malaysia's growing economy could encourage expansion in Malaysia's existing nuclear-applications programs supporting the medical, agricultural, industrial and environmental fields.

Man and Atom

Man and Atom Book
Author : Glenn Theodore Seaborg,William R. Corliss
Publisher : Dutton Adult
Release : 1971
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses current developments and future applications of nuclear energy in oceanography, astronautics, medicine, agriculture, urban systems, and other areas.

Application of Nuclear Technology to Art Identification Problems

Application of Nuclear Technology to Art Identification Problems Book
Author : Bernard Keisch,Holly H. Miller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Application of Nuclear Technology to Art Identification Problems book written by Bernard Keisch,Holly H. Miller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.