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Application Of Brain Oscillations In Neuropsychiatric Diseases

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Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases

Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases Book
Author : Erol Başar,Canan Bașar-Eroğlu,Ayșegül Özerdem,Paolo M. Rossini,Görsev G. Yener
Publisher : Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780702053078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases book written by Erol Başar,Canan Bașar-Eroğlu,Ayșegül Özerdem,Paolo M. Rossini,Görsev G. Yener, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brain Oscillations Synchrony and Plasticity

Brain Oscillations  Synchrony and Plasticity Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-25
ISBN : 0128204087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language. In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Methods and Applications

Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders  Methods and Applications Book
Author : Wenbin Guo,Feng Liu,Zaixu Cui
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 2889661954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Methods and Applications book written by Wenbin Guo,Feng Liu,Zaixu Cui, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book
Author : André Brunoni,Michael Nitsche,Colleen Loo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-12
ISBN : 3319339672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in different psychiatric conditions. Here we review tDCS clinical studies employing different types of design (from single-session tDCS studies to randomized clinical trials) as well as studies evaluating the impact of tDCS in neurophysiological, behavioral and brain imaging outcomes. Although the understanding about physiological foundations and effectiveness of clinical therapies of psychiatric diseases has been considerably increased during the last decades, our knowledge is still limited, and consequently psychiatric diseases are still a major burden to the individual patient and society. Recently, interest in pathological alterations of neuroplasticity in psychiatric diseases as a critical condition for development, and amelioration of clinical symptoms increased, caused by the fact that new tools, such as functional imaging, and brain stimulation techniques do allow to monitor, and modulate these phenomena in humans. Especially non-invasive brain stimulation techniques evolved as an attractive potential new therapeutic tool. The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation has grown exponentially in the past 25 years, with the development of non-pharmacological, neuromodulatory techniques such as tDCS and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TDCS, although even newer than rTMS, has attracted considerable attention in both basic and clinical research scenarios. In the context of clinical research, tDCS is being increasingly investigated as a novel treatment tool for several psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and neurocognitive and substance abuse disorders. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Clinical Principles and Management intends to serve as a practical guide on the field, attracting the interest of psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists with little or no experience with tDCS, as well as those with a background on tDCS who want to increase their knowledge in any particular psychiatric condition.

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry Book
Author : Niruj Agrawal,Rafey Faruqui,Mayur Bodani
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 0198757131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New from Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry, the Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry bridges the gap between general psychiatric textbooks and reference texts in neuropsychiatry. Divided into four sections, it covers core knowledge and skills for practice in all psychiatric disciplines, with key information for training in neuropsychiatry.

The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain

The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain Book
Author : Michael H. Thaut,Donald A. Hodges
Publisher : Oxford Library of Psychology
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0198804121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Music and the Brain is a groundbreaking compendium of current research on music in the human brain. It brings together an international roster of 54 authors from 13 countries providing an essential guide to this rapidly growing field.

The Oxford Handbook of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders

The Oxford Handbook of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders Book
Author : Kenneth J. Sher
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0199381674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The Oxford Handbook of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders provides comprehensive reviews of key areas of inquiry into the fundamental nature of substance use and SUDs, their features, causes, consequences, course, treatment, and prevention"--

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy

Augmentation of Brain Function  Facts  Fiction and Controversy Book
Author : Manuel F. Casanova,Mikhail Lebedev,Ioan Opris
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 2889456161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The final volume in this tripartite series on Brain Augmentation is entitled “From Clinical Applications to Ethical Issues and Futuristic Ideas”. Many of the articles within this volume deal with translational efforts taking the results of experiments on laboratory animals and applying them to humans. In many cases, these interventions are intended to help people with disabilities in such a way so as to either restore or extend brain function. Traditionally, therapies in brain augmentation have included electrical and pharmacological techniques. In contrast, some of the techniques discussed in this volume add specificity by targeting select neural populations. This approach opens the door to where and how to promote the best interventions. Along the way, results have empowered the medical profession by expanding their understanding of brain function. Articles in this volume relate novel clinical solutions for a host of neurological and psychiatric conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), traumatic brain injury, and disorders of consciousness. In disease, symptoms and signs denote a departure from normal function. Brain augmentation has now been used to target both the core symptoms that provide specificity in the diagnosis of a disease, as well as other constitutional symptoms that may greatly handicap the individual. The volume provides a report on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in ASD with reported improvements of core deficits (i.e., executive functions). TMS in this regard departs from the present-day trend towards symptomatic treatment that leaves unaltered the root cause of the condition. In diseases, such as schizophrenia, brain augmentation approaches hold promise to avoid lengthy pharmacological interventions that are usually riddled with side effects or those with limiting returns as in the case of Parkinson’s disease. Brain stimulation can also be used to treat auditory verbal hallucination, visuospatial (hemispatial) neglect, and pain in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. The brain acts as a telecommunication transceiver wherein different bandwidth of frequencies (brainwave oscillations) transmit information. Their baseline levels correlate with certain behavioral states. The proper integration of brain oscillations provides for the phenomenon of binding and central coherence. Brain augmentation may foster the normalization of brain oscillations in nervous system disorders. These techniques hold the promise of being applied remotely (under the supervision of medical personnel), thus overcoming the obstacle of travel in order to obtain healthcare. At present, traditional thinking would argue the possibility of synergism among different modalities of brain augmentation as a way of increasing their overall effectiveness and improving therapeutic selectivity. Thinking outside of the box would also provide for the implementation of brain-to-brain interfaces where techniques, proper to artificial intelligence, could allow us to surpass the limits of natural selection or enable communications between several individual brains sharing memories, or even a global brain capable of self-organization. Not all brains are created equal. Brain stimulation studies suggest large individual variability in response that may affect overall recovery/treatment, or modify desired effects of a given intervention. The subject’s age, gender, hormonal levels may affect an individual’s cortical excitability. In addition, this volume discusses the role of social interactions in the operations of augmenting technologies. Finally, augmenting methods could be applied to modulate consciousness, even though its neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Finally, this volume should be taken as a debate on social, moral and ethical issues on neurotechnologies. Brain enhancement may transform the individual into someone or something else. These techniques bypass the usual routes of accommodation to environmental exigencies that exalted our personal fortitude: learning, exercising, and diet. This will allow humans to preselect desired characteristics and realize consequent rewards without having to overcome adversity through more laborious means. The concern is that humans may be playing God, and the possibility of an expanding gap in social equity where brain enhancements may be selectively available to the wealthier individuals. These issues are discussed by a number of articles in this volume. Also discussed are the relationship between the diminishment and enhancement following the application of brain-augmenting technologies, the problem of “mind control” with BMI technologies, free will the duty to use cognitive enhancers in high-responsibility professions, determining the population of people in need of brain enhancement, informed public policy, cognitive biases, and the hype caused by the development of brain- augmenting approaches.

Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease Book
Author : Roger D. Traub,Miles A. Whittington
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0195342798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book first reviews the case that brain oscillations not only are important for cognition, as long suspected, but also play a part in the expression of signs and symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. The cellular mechanisms of many of the clinically relevant oscillations have been studied by the authors and their colleagues, using in vitro slice methods as well as detailed computer simulations. A surprising insight is that gap junctions between principal neurons play an absolutely critical role in so many types of oscillation in neuronal populations; oscillations are not just the result of properties of individual neurons and their synaptic connections. Furthermore, the way in which gap junctions produce oscillations in the cortex is novel, involving as it does global properties of networks, rather than just the time constants of membrane currents. This insight has implications for therapeutics as well as for our understanding of normal brain functions.

Molecular Genetic Approaches to Neuropsychiatric Diseases

Molecular Genetic Approaches to Neuropsychiatric Diseases Book
Author : Jurgen Brosius,Jürgen Brosius,Robert T. Fremeau
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews recent advances in the molecular foundation of neurological diseases and discusses current work in the context of classical Mendelian genetics. The molecular techniques used to study genetic disease, as well as animal models and human genome mapping, are also studied.

New Insights on Basic and Clinical Aspects of EEG and MEG Connectome

New Insights on Basic and Clinical Aspects of EEG and MEG Connectome Book
Author : Ryouhei Ishii,Roberto D. Pascual-Marqui,Leonides Canuet,Jing Xiang,William C. Gaetz
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-08-31
ISBN : 2889455319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the neuroimaging field areas allow us to visualize the aggregate of neural connections at the macroscopic level within the brain, the so-called “connectome”. In order to promote the development of the neurophysiological investigation of connectome of brain oscillations, this eBook aims at bringing together contributions from researchers in basic and clinical neuroscience using EEG and MEG connectome analysis. The most important focal point will be to address the functional roles of connectome of brain oscillations in contributing to understandings of higher cognitive processes in normal subjects and pathophysiology of psychiatric diseases. This Research Topic presented novel methodologies and various applications of neurophysiological connectome analysis. As a result, these papers were cited more than 120 times in these four years in total and threw light and impact on new directions for investigating the connectome of human brain.

Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology

Neuropsychiatry  Neuropsychology  and Behavioral Neurology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits

Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits Book
Author : Roger D. Traub,John G. R.. Jefferys,John G. R. Jefferys,Miles A. Whittington
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780262201186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits, the authors use a combination of electrophysiological and computer modeling techniques to analyze how large networks of neurons can produce both epileptic seizures and functionally relevant synchronized oscillations.

Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders

Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders Book
Author : John B. Saunders,Marc A. Schuckit
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inviting the help of colleagues worldwide, the concise Diagnostic Issues in Substance Use Disorders is part of the new series Advancing the Research Agenda for DSM-V. Its 19 chapters by an international group of experts are designed to stimulate questions that will help guide research related to the development of the next editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), with the goal of ensuring that the major substance use diagnoses represent the same condition in both references. They cover 10 major issues in three main sections: - Overarching issues relevant for the development of international diagnostic systems -- statistical modeling techniques and whether DSM-V should use categorical and/or dimensional diagnostic approaches; methods review, emphasizing new hybrid techniques for developing and testing diagnostic concepts; the need for separate clinical and research-oriented diagnostic criteria, incorporating both categorical and dimensional attributes; neurobiological changes characterizing substance dependence; the importance of cultural attributes in developing definitions of substance use disorders; and the history of the development of diagnostic systems and how to optimize the "crosswalk" between DSM and ICD.- Research questions more specific to the substance use disorders section of DSM -- comorbidity between substance use disorders and other psychiatric conditions, the relatively unique clinical course of substance-induced mental disorders and appropriate treatment approaches; the precision of the criteria and threshold for a diagnosis and how to improve them; the subtypes of substance use disorder, including how they have been derived and the extent to which they relate to neurobiological processes; the seemingly high prevalence of alcohol dependence in young people; suggested research questions to evaluate the application of diagnostic criteria to adolescents; and the specific psychoactive substances cannabis and nicotine.- Whether substance use disorders should be included in a broader section termed "addictive disorders" -- impulse-control disorders (especially pathological gambling and the advantages and disadvantages of adding it to the current substance use disorders section), identifying research opportunities regarding their assessment and neurocognitive and physiological bases, discussing the specifics of the research agenda and how it might be implemented, and presenting questions generated by the research agenda developmental process. This informative compendium distills the findings of a wealth of recent research and concludes with recommendations for exploiting research opportunities that promise to inform decisions regarding DSM-V and other classification systems. As such, it will prove invaluable for clinicians and researchers everywhere.

CSA Neurosciences Abstracts

CSA Neurosciences Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CSA Neurosciences Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry

The American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry Book
Author : C. Edward Coffey,Jeffrey L. Cummings
Publisher : Amer Psychiatric Pub Incorporated
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For most of human history, life expectancy was remarkably stable at about 30-40 years. Within the past 150 years, however, medical advances have virtually doubled that number. The worlds elderly population is growing at 2.4% per year, faster than the rest of the population, with disproportionate increases expected to continue as newer and better treatments are found that minimize the disabilities associated with advanced age. Key to improving the health and quality of life of the elderly is understanding and treating the brain diseases and behavioral disorders that become highly prevalent with age. Geriatric neuropsychiatry is an integrative specialty that draws from many diverse fields, including psychiatry, neurology, neuroscience, and geriatrics. It provides expertise on how to distinguish normal age-related changes from those of disease and disordered brain function. Edited by two eminent practitioners and educators, this wide-ranging textbooks 41 chapters are divided into five major sections: ? Introduction to Geriatric NeuropsychiatryIntroduces the field, including the epidemiology of aging and its array of interacting and accumulating disadvantages, the neurobiology of aging, and the neurobiological basis of behavior? Neuropsychiatric Assessment of the ElderlyDescribes how to ensure early, accurate diagnoses, using both the fundamental cognitive skills evaluation and the more in-depth neuropsychological evaluation; age-associated memory impairment (AAMI) and its biological bases; anatomic imaging of age-related changes in brain morphology; and the latest imaging techniques that allow visualization of brain function in vivo? Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Psychiatric Disorders in the ElderlyCovers everything from affective and anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and psychoses that start late in life to sleep disorders, delirium, pain, contemporary personality psychology, mental retardation, and aggression? Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Neurological Disease in the ElderlyFocuses on diseases such as nondegenerative dementing disorders, Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases, hyperkinetic movement disorders, stroke, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injury, concluding with medical illnesses and therapies? Principles of Neuropsychiatric Treatment of the ElderlyDiscusses the effect of age in geriatric neuropsychopharmacology, psychopharmacology, ECT, psychosocial therapies, neuropsychiatry in nursing homes, genetic interventions, rehabilitation, ethical issues, and competency and related forensic issues Exhaustively researched and annotated, the American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry, Second Edition provides a definitive core reference for psychiatry and neurology residents, particularly those pursuing a specialty in geriatrics, and for graduate students in psychology, neuropsychology, and related fields.

Executive Functions in Psychiatric Disorders

Executive Functions in Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz,Débora Marques de Miranda,Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-10-17
ISBN : 2889453065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Executive Functions comprise a range of neuropsychological processes related to intentional behavior and cognitive control. There are several theoretical models defining and explaining the concept of Executive Functions. Most of these models consider that the term Executive Functions encompasses cognitive process as working memory, cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control and other complex functions as planning, problem-solving and abstract reasoning. Other models argue that motivational and emotional functions, such as affective decision-making, reside under the concept of Executive Function. Much evidence supports how complex cognitive functions are related to the physiological activity of brain networks, including the frontal cortex and its connections with subcortical structures. Several psychiatric disorders related to impairment in these brain networks (eg., bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and drug addiction) leading to deficits in Executive Functions. These cognitive deficits affect patients’ everyday functioning, worsening the clinical course of the disease. For example, deficits in Executive Functions are related to suicide behavior in bipolar disorder patients. Furthermore, these deficits also relate to obesity, a lack of adherence to treatment and an underperformance in the workplace and educational settings. The understanding of the role of deficits in Executive Functions, including its neurobiological basis, developmental trajectories, and relationship with clinical outcomes, is fundamental to improve clinical management of psychiatric patients. This research topic includes 13 articles with interdisciplinary contributions related to the understanding of the deficits in Executive Functions and its relationship with clinical manifestations in psychiatric disorders.

Brain Oscillations in Human Communication

Brain Oscillations in Human Communication Book
Author : Anne Keitel,Johanna Rimmele,Sophie Molholm,Joachim Gross
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 2889454584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain oscillations, or neural rhythms, reflect widespread functional connections between large-scale neural networks, as well as within cortical networks. As such they have been related to many aspects of human behaviour. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated the role of brain oscillations at distinct frequency bands in cognitive, sensory and motor tasks. Consequentially, those rhythms also affect diverse aspects of human communication. On the one hand, this comprises verbal communication; a field where the understanding of neural mechanisms has seen huge advances in recent years. Speech is inherently organised in a rhythmic manner. For example, time scales of phonemes and syllables, but also formal prosodic aspects such as intonation and stress, fall into distinct frequency bands. Likewise, neural rhythms in the brain play a role in speech segmentation and coding of continuous speech at multiple time scales, as well as in the production of speech. On the other hand, human communication involves widespread and diverse nonverbal aspects where the role of neural rhythms is far less understood. This can be the enhancement of speech processing through visual signals, thought to be guided via brain oscillations, or the conveying of emotion, which results in differential rhythmic modulations in the observer. Additionally, body movements and gestures often have a communicative purpose and are known to modulate sensorimotor rhythms in the observer. This Research Topic of Frontiers in Human Neuroscience highlights the diverse aspects of human communication that are shaped by rhythmic activity in the brain. Relevant contributions are presented from various fields including cognitive and social neuroscience, neuropsychiatry, and methodology. As such they provide important new insights into verbal and non-verbal communication, pathological changes, and methodological innovations.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography

Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography Book
Author : Shozo Tobimatsu,Ryusuke Kakigi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-19
ISBN : 4431557296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of the recent advances in clinical applications of magnetoencephalography (MEG). With the expansion of MEG to neuroscience, its clinical applications have also been actively pursued. Featuring contributions from prominent experts in the fields, the book focuses on the current status of the application of MEG, not only to each nervous system but also to various diseases such as epilepsy, neurological disorders, and psychiatric disorders, while also examining the feasibility of using MEG for these diseases. Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography offers an indispensable resource for neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatricians, and psychiatrists, as well as researchers in the field of neuroscience.