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Application Of Brain Oscillations In Neuropsychiatric Diseases

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Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases

Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases Book
Author : Erol Başar,Canan Bașar-Eroğlu,Ayșegül Özerdem,Paolo M. Rossini,Görsev G. Yener
Publisher : Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780702053078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Application of Brain Oscillations in Neuropsychiatric Diseases book written by Erol Başar,Canan Bașar-Eroğlu,Ayșegül Özerdem,Paolo M. Rossini,Görsev G. Yener, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

EEG Based Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease

EEG Based Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease Book
Author : Nilesh Kulkarni,Vinayak Bairagi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-13
ISBN : 0128153938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

EEG-Based Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease: A Review and Novel Approaches for Feature Extraction and Classification Techniques provides a practical and easy-to-use guide for researchers in EEG signal processing techniques, Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia diagnostics. The book examines different features of EEG signals used to properly diagnose Alzheimer’s Disease early, presenting new and innovative results in the extraction and classification of Alzheimer’s Disease using EEG signals. This book brings together the use of different EEG features, such as linear and nonlinear features, which play a significant role in diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease. Includes the mathematical models and rigorous analysis of various classifiers and machine learning algorithms from a perspective of clinical deployment Covers the history of EEG signals and their measurement and recording, along with their uses in clinical diagnostics Analyzes spectral, wavelet, complexity and other features of early and efficient Alzheimer’s Disease diagnostics Explores support vector machine-based classification to increase accuracy

Connectomic Deep Brain Stimulation

Connectomic Deep Brain Stimulation Book
Author : Andreas Horn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-09-10
ISBN : 0128218622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Connectomic Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) covers this highly efficacious treatment option for movement disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease, Essential Tremor and Dystonia. The book examines its impact on distributed brain networks that span across the human brain in parallel with modern-day neuroimaging concepts and the connectomics of the brain. It asks several questions, including which cortical areas should DBS electrodes be connected in order to generate the highest possible clinical improvement? Which connections should be avoided? Could these connectomic insights be used to better understand the mechanism of action of DBS? How can they be transferred to individual patients, and more. This book is suitable for neuroscientists, neurologists and functional surgeons studying DBS. It provides practical advice on processing strategies and theoretical background, highlighting and reviewing the current state-of-the-art in connectomic surgery. Written to provide a "hands-on" approach for neuroscience graduate students, as well as medical personnel from the fields of neurology and neurosurgery Includes preprocessing strategies (such as co-registration, normalization, lead localization, VTA estimation and fiber-tracking approaches) Presents references (key articles, books and protocols) for additional detailed study Provides data analysis boxes in each chapter to help with data interpretation

Seminars in Clinical Psychopharmacology

Seminars in Clinical Psychopharmacology Book
Author : Peter M. Haddad,David J. Nutt
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 1108850901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This greatly expanded third edition provides a comprehensive overview of clinical psychopharmacology, incorporating the major advances in the field since the previous edition's publication. Renowned experts from psychiatry, pharmacy, and nursing have integrated basic science, psychopharmacology, and clinical practice throughout the book in order to provide a thorough basis for prescribing. It covers all key psychiatric drugs and disorders and includes the latest data on efficacy, safety and tolerability. Adopting a pragmatic approach to drug nomenclature, both Neuroscience-based Nomenclature (NbN) and older generic terminology are included in the text reflecting that clinicians are likely to use both systems. Many chapters refer to current National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines, making this a crucial resource. Edited by leading authorities in the field, Professor Peter M. Haddad and Professor David J. Nutt, Seminars in Clinical Psychopharmacology emphasises evidence-based prescribing with the aim of achieving better clinical outcomes for patients.

Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography

Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography Book
Author : Shozo Tobimatsu,Ryusuke Kakigi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-19
ISBN : 4431557296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of the recent advances in clinical applications of magnetoencephalography (MEG). With the expansion of MEG to neuroscience, its clinical applications have also been actively pursued. Featuring contributions from prominent experts in the fields, the book focuses on the current status of the application of MEG, not only to each nervous system but also to various diseases such as epilepsy, neurological disorders, and psychiatric disorders, while also examining the feasibility of using MEG for these diseases. Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography offers an indispensable resource for neurologists, neurosurgeons, pediatricians, and psychiatrists, as well as researchers in the field of neuroscience.

Cortical Oscillations and Plasticity Induced by Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Cortical Oscillations and Plasticity Induced by Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Book
Author : Nor Azila Noh,Giorgio Fuggetta,Douglas Barratt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive technique that is able to modulate cortical activity beyond the stimulation period. The residual aftereffects are akin to the plasticity mechanism of the brain and suggest the potential use of rTMS for therapy. In parallel, there is evidence that altered oscillatory brain rhythms and network dynamics may lead to symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the rTMS interference upon cortical and network oscillatory activity remains relatively unknown. Despite this uncertainty, rTMS continues to be used to alleviate symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. By combining rTMS and electroencephalography (EEG), the thesis explored the local and network cortical plasticity in healthy humans through the characteristics of oscillatory brain rhythms. We investigated cortical and network oscillatory activity following simple rTMS protocols and continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) to the primary motor cortex. The measurements of rTMS-induced aftereffects were quantified by the direct electrophysiology index of EEG and the indirect behavioural measures of motor evoked potentials (MEPs). The results of the experiments showed that rTMS was able to transiently modulate cortical brain rhythms, especially low frequency theta oscillations. The significance of this finding is the possible involvement of independent cortical theta generators besides mu and beta generators over the motor network with different reactivity to rTMS protocols. However, long-term potentiation/depression (LTP-/LTD)-like mechanisms may not be the only mechanisms that drive the rTMS aftereffects as shown by the dissociation between EEG and MEPs cortical output. Here, we explore alternative explanations that drive the EEG oscillatory modulations post rTMS. The significant of this work is the ability of rTMS to transiently modify the internal state of the brain by altering brain oscillations particularly low-frequency brain rhythms. This finding offers exciting possibilities for future clinical trials to explore the use of non-invasive brain stimulation to reverse abnormal synchronisation in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book
Author : André Brunoni,Michael Nitsche,Colleen Loo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-12
ISBN : 3319339672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in different psychiatric conditions. Here we review tDCS clinical studies employing different types of design (from single-session tDCS studies to randomized clinical trials) as well as studies evaluating the impact of tDCS in neurophysiological, behavioral and brain imaging outcomes. Although the understanding about physiological foundations and effectiveness of clinical therapies of psychiatric diseases has been considerably increased during the last decades, our knowledge is still limited, and consequently psychiatric diseases are still a major burden to the individual patient and society. Recently, interest in pathological alterations of neuroplasticity in psychiatric diseases as a critical condition for development, and amelioration of clinical symptoms increased, caused by the fact that new tools, such as functional imaging, and brain stimulation techniques do allow to monitor, and modulate these phenomena in humans. Especially non-invasive brain stimulation techniques evolved as an attractive potential new therapeutic tool. The interest in non-invasive brain stimulation has grown exponentially in the past 25 years, with the development of non-pharmacological, neuromodulatory techniques such as tDCS and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). TDCS, although even newer than rTMS, has attracted considerable attention in both basic and clinical research scenarios. In the context of clinical research, tDCS is being increasingly investigated as a novel treatment tool for several psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and neurocognitive and substance abuse disorders. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders – Clinical Principles and Management intends to serve as a practical guide on the field, attracting the interest of psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists with little or no experience with tDCS, as well as those with a background on tDCS who want to increase their knowledge in any particular psychiatric condition.

Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Methods and Applications

Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders  Methods and Applications Book
Author : Wenbin Guo,Feng Liu,Zaixu Cui
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 2889661954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dynamic Functional Connectivity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Methods and Applications book written by Wenbin Guo,Feng Liu,Zaixu Cui, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brain Oscillations Synchrony and Plasticity

Brain Oscillations  Synchrony and Plasticity Book
Author : Jos J. Eggermont
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-11
ISBN : 0128204087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain Oscillations, Synchrony and Plasticity: Basic Principles and Application to Auditory-Related Disorders discusses the role of brain oscillations, especially with respect to the auditory system and how those oscillations are measured, change over the lifespan, and falter leading to a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. The book begins with a description of these cortical rhythm oscillations and how they function in both the normal and pathological brain. It explains how these oscillations are important to auditory, executive and attention brain networks and how they relate to the development, production and deterioration of speech and language. In addition, treatment of malfunctioning cortical rhythms are reviewed using neuromodulation, such as transcranial magnetic, direct current, random noise, and alternating current stimulation, as well as focused ultrasound. The book concludes by describing the potential role of oscillations in dyslexia, autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. Introduces readers to brain imaging methods such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, EEG and magnetoencephalography, in the study of brain oscillations, synchrony and networks of the normal and pathological brain Highlights the role of brain oscillations in perception and cognition, in particular with respect to the auditory system, speech and language Describes lifespan changes, from preterm to senescence, of brain oscillations, brain networks and how they relate to the development and deterioration of speech and language Explains the effects of hearing loss on neural network change in the auditory and non-auditory networks such as the default mode-, the salience-, the executive- and attention networks Illustrates the breakdown of network connections in auditory-related disorders such as tinnitus and in psychiatric disorders with a strong auditory, speech and language component

Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease Book
Author : Roger Traub, MD,Miles Whittington, PhD
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-05-12
ISBN : 019971150X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book first reviews the case that brain oscillations not only are important for cognition, as long suspected, but also play a part in the expression of signs and symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. The cellular mechanisms of many of the clinically relevant oscillations have been studied by the authors and their colleagues, using in vitro slice methods as well as detailed computer simulations. A surprising insight is that gap junctions between principal neurons play an absolutely critical role in so many types of oscillation in neuronal populations; oscillations are not just the result of properties of individual neurons and their synaptic connections. Furthermore, the way in which gap junctions produce oscillations in the cortex is novel, involving as it does global properties of networks, rather than just the time constants of membrane currents. This insight has implications for therapeutics as well as for our understanding of normal brain functions.

Event Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations

Event Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations Book
Author : Christa Neuper,Wolfgang Klimesch
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-03
ISBN : 9780080465593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on brain oscillations and event-related electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related (de-) synchronization (ERD/ERS) in particular became a rapidly growing field in the last decades. A large number of laboratories worldwide are using ERD/ERS to study cognitive and motor brain function and the importance of this tool in neurocognitive research is widely recognized. This book is a summary of the most current research, methods, and applications of the study of event-related dynamics of brain oscillations. Facing the rapid progress in this field, it brings together, on the one side, fundamental questions of the underlying events, which still remain to be clarified and, on the other side, some of the most significant novel findings, which point to the key topics for future research. In particular, the chapters of this volume cover the neurophysiological fundamentals and models (Section I), new methodological approaches (Section II), current ERD research related to cognitive (Section III) and sensorimotor brain function (Section IV), invasive approaches and clinical applications (Section V), and novel developments of EEG-based brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback (Section IV).

Novel Approaches to Studying Basal Ganglia and Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Novel Approaches to Studying Basal Ganglia and Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book
Author : XIAO-HONG LU
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-11-06
ISBN : 9780080953878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. This volume is a collection of articles covering Novel Approaches to Studying Basal Ganglia and Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Topics covered include molecular profiling of direct and indirect striatal medium spiny neurons, the role of epigenetics in development and function of basal ganglia and transgenic animal models for Parkinson's disease.

Brain Network Dysfunction in Neuropsychiatric Illness

Brain Network Dysfunction in Neuropsychiatric Illness Book
Author : Vaibhav A. Diwadkar,Simon B. Eickhoff
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 3030597970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain network function and dysfunction is the dominant model for understanding how the brain gives rise to normal and abnormal behavior. Moreover, neuropsychiatric illnesses continue to resist attempts to reveal an understanding of their bases. Thus, this timely volume provides a synthesis of the uses of multiple analytic methods as they are applied to neuroimaging data, to seek understanding of the neurobiological bases of psychiatric illnesses, understanding that can subsequently aid in their management and treatment. A principle focus is on the analyses and application of methods to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. fMRI remains the most widely used neuroimaging technique for estimating brain network function, and several of the methods covered can estimate brain network dysfunction in resting and task-active states. Additional chapters provide details on how these methods are (and can be) applied in the understanding of several neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, mood disorders, autism, borderline personality disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A final complement of chapters provides a collective overview of how this framework continues to provoke theoretical advances in our conception of the brain in psychiatry. This unique volume is designed to be a comprehensive resource for imaging researchers interested in psychiatry, and for psychiatrists interested in advanced imaging applications.

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity Book
Author : Angelo Quartarone,Maria Felice Ghilardi,Francois Boller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-14
ISBN : 0128194111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroplasticity: From Bench to Bedside, Volume 184 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to neuroplasticity. Sections summarize the basic mechanisms of neuroplasticity, focus on neuroplasticity in movement disorders, discuss brain oscillations in neurological disorders, segue into plasticity in neurorehabilitation, and cover issues of inflammation and autoimmunity in neuroplasticity. The book concludes with a section on neuroplasticity and psychiatric disorders. Covers basic mechanisms and clinical treatment approaches in neurological disorders Includes inflammation, autoimmunity, genetics, neurophysiology, and more Encompasses stroke, Alzheimer’s, movement and psychiatric disorders Provides tools for enhancing recovery

Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits

Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits Book
Author : Roger D. Traub
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 9780262293488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fast Oscillations in Cortical Circuits book written by Roger D. Traub, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neuromorphic Computing Principles and Organization

Neuromorphic Computing Principles and Organization Book
Author : Abderazek Ben Abdallah,Khanh N. Dang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-05-31
ISBN : 3030925250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on neuromorphic computing principles and organization and how to build fault-tolerant scalable hardware for large and medium scale spiking neural networks with learning capabilities. In addition, the book describes in a comprehensive way the organization and how to design a spike-based neuromorphic system to perform network of spiking neurons communication, computing, and adaptive learning for emerging AI applications. The book begins with an overview of neuromorphic computing systems and explores the fundamental concepts of artificial neural networks. Next, we discuss artificial neurons and how they have evolved in their representation of biological neuronal dynamics. Afterward, we discuss implementing these neural networks in neuron models, storage technologies, inter-neuron communication networks, learning, and various design approaches. Then, comes the fundamental design principle to build an efficient neuromorphic system in hardware. The challenges that need to be solved toward building a spiking neural network architecture with many synapses are discussed. Learning in neuromorphic computing systems and the major emerging memory technologies that promise neuromorphic computing are then given. A particular chapter of this book is dedicated to the circuits and architectures used for communication in neuromorphic systems. In particular, the Network-on-Chip fabric is introduced for receiving and transmitting spikes following the Address Event Representation (AER) protocol and the memory accessing method. In addition, the interconnect design principle is covered to help understand the overall concept of on-chip and off-chip communication. Advanced on-chip interconnect technologies, including si-photonic three-dimensional interconnects and fault-tolerant routing algorithms, are also given. The book also covers the main threats of reliability and discusses several recovery methods for multicore neuromorphic systems. This is important for reliable processing in several embedded neuromorphic applications. A reconfigurable design approach that supports multiple target applications via dynamic reconfigurability, network topology independence, and network expandability is also described in the subsequent chapters. The book ends with a case study about a real hardware-software design of a reliable three-dimensional digital neuromorphic processor geared explicitly toward the 3D-ICs biological brain’s three-dimensional structure. The platform enables high integration density and slight spike delay of spiking networks and features a scalable design. We present methods for fault detection and recovery in a neuromorphic system as well. Neuromorphic Computing Principles and Organization is an excellent resource for researchers, scientists, graduate students, and hardware-software engineers dealing with the ever-increasing demands on fault-tolerance, scalability, and low power consumption. It is also an excellent resource for teaching advanced undergraduate and graduate students about the fundamentals concepts, organization, and actual hardware-software design of reliable neuromorphic systems with learning and fault-tolerance capabilities.

Neurophysiology of the Migraine Brain

Neurophysiology of the Migraine Brain Book
Author : Gianluca Coppola,Wei-Ta Chen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 3030565386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Roughly one in every five patients referred to a neurologist suffers from headaches; the majority have migraines. Although headache specialists understand migraine on a clinical basis, the pathophysiological changes that provoke and accompany the development of a migraine attack continue to elude us. Several decades have passed since the pioneering electroencephalographic study by Golla and Winter (1959), which underscored the role of abnormal rhythmic activities in migraine. Since then, there have been substantial advances in the field; a wealth of neurophysiological studies has enriched our understanding of the pathophysiological facets of the migraine pathology. Virtually every known technique of clinical electrophysiology has since been used to study the migraine brain and, more recently, new neurophysiological tools have been added to the arsenal. Nevertheless, applying the principles of peripheral and central neuromodulation offers a promising way to transfer the principles of synaptic plasticity to the patient’s bedside. This book belongs to the Headache Series endorsed by the European Headache Federation. Written by internationally recognized experts in their respective fields, it covers all aspects of clinical neurophysiological methods that represent significant advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of migraine. It will offer a valuable toolkit for beginners, and a reference guide for experts.

Eyeblink Conditioning in Psychiatric Conditions State of the Field and Future Directions

Eyeblink Conditioning in Psychiatric Conditions   State of the Field and Future Directions Book
Author : Tracy L. Greer,Lucien T. Thompson
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-09-22
ISBN : 2889452751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eyeblink classical conditioning (EBC) is a model paradigm for associative (also termed Pavlovian) learning, one of the simplest and best understood forms of learning and memory. Because EBC paradigms are readily adapted across species, the neural substrates of EBC have been well characterized, and include but are not limited to the cerebellum and anterior interpositus nucleus, the hippocampus, and prefrontal cortices. The ability to collect EBC data across many different species (i.e. including but not limited to humans) also has the distinct advantage of facilitating translational research, and therefore may be of particular benefit to elucidate mechanistic changes associated with a wide variety of psychiatric disorders. In fact, EBC paradigms have been employed to assess individuals with a wide range of neurological deficits (including Korsakoff’s amnesia, Alzheimer's disease as well as normal aging, dyslexia, inflammatory tremor, dystonia, and multiple sclerosis) and psychiatric disorders (including major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, autism, and alcohol use/addiction disorders). Individuals with these disorders exhibit differential impairments across different EBC task types (e.g., delay vs. trace EBC), with some showing impairment in one but not the other task and some showing impairments in both; across learning stage (e.g., acquisition, discrimination, or extinction), and across response variables (e.g., magnitude and timing of the conditioned eyeblink motor response, modality of the conditioned stimulus). Evaluating specific individual differences in the context of variable brain pathology should aid characterization and refinement of our understanding of complex neuropsychiatric disorders. The field of psychiatry has seen a transition from more traditional use of symptom clusters to define psychiatric disorders with subsequent examination of associated behaviors and traits, to the use of physiological and behavioral indicators to characterize individuals with respect to various psychological domains [in line with the National Institute of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative]. This approach employs a neuroscience-based framework to assess the pathophysiology of chronic mental illnesses. Behavioral and cognitive processes are critical domains of interest in evaluating potential maladaptive patterns that may be indicative of specific psychopathologies. Furthermore, the rapid development of technological advances that allow for more detailed examination (e.g., EEG, MEG, MRI, fMRI, infrared imaging) and manipulation (e.g. transcranial magnetic and direct current stimulation) of brain functions should enhance our ability to better characterize EBC performance and its utility in characterizing aspects of particular neuropathologies. Substantial research evidence exists for the value of EBC paradigms to inform our understanding of the pathophysiologies underlying a wide variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Despite these findings, this readily implemented classic cognitive-behavioral paradigm is relatively underutilized in clinical settings. This e-book highlights recent convergence of clinical and research efforts in this area and aims to promote a resurgent interest in eyeblink classical conditioning, and to emphasize the potential for future translational and diagnostic applications of EBC in combination with other techniques to strengthen our understanding of alterations in brain function manifested in behaviors characteristic of specific psychopathologies.

Network Approaches to Diseases of the Brain

Network Approaches to Diseases of the Brain Book
Author : Matt T. Bianchi,Verne S. Caviness,Sydney S. Cash
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1608050173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers novel approaches using networks and oscillations and it will serve as a catalyst for translating these exciting advancements into the clinical arena. This collection of articles aims to accelerate the widespread clinical translation of network approaches by providing practical information accessible to clinicians in neurology and psychiatry - fields that are uniquely poised to implement these developments in clinical treatment of brain diseases. It should be a useful resource for researchers and clinicians in neurology and psychiatry.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Neuropsychiatric Disorders Book
Author : André R. Brunoni,Michael A. Nitsche,Colleen K. Loo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-20
ISBN : 3030761363
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2nd edition of this book incorporates the tremendous clinical advances that have occurred in the field of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the past 5 years. Since the 1st edition was published, the clinical use of tDCS has moved from its infancy, and is now in a thrilling new phase with numerous possibilities as well as challenges. tDCS is a technique that excels in terms of safety and tolerability, and within a few years, novel technological developments will allow its use at home. At the same time, large, phase III trials have been exploring the clinical efficacy of tDCS, the results of which have been published in leading journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine and JAMA Psychiatry. This 2nd edition summarizes the state of the art of the field. Written by leading experts in the field, the book is divided into 5 parts: Introduction and Mechanisms of Action; Research Methods; tDCS in the life cycle; Applications of tDCS in neuropsychiatric disorders (further divided into Psychiatry and Neurology); and The clinical use of tDCS. It also includes several new chapters, covering topics such as precision stimulation of tDCS; combination of tDCS with different neuroimaging modalities; and use of tDCS in new clinical conditions. Moreover, all chapters have been rewritten and updated. This book will be of significant interest to psychiatrists, neurologists and neuroscientists new to the field as well as those with a background in tDCS who want to increase their understanding of particular psychiatric conditions.