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Antimicrobial Resistance In Agriculture

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Antimicrobial Resistance in Agriculture

Antimicrobial Resistance in Agriculture Book
Author : Indranil Samanta,Samiran Bandyopadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-09-25
ISBN : 0128165235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial Resistance in Agriculture: Perspective, Policy and Mitigation is a valuable industrial resource that addresses complex, multi-factorial topics regarding farm, wild, companion animals, fish, and how the environment plays an important role in amplification and transmission of resistant bugs into the human food chain. Information of phenotypical and genotypical properties of each bacterial genus associated with antimicrobial resistance, transmission dynamics from different reservoirs (food animals, poultry, fishes) and control measures with alternative therapy, such as phytobiotics and nanomaterials are provided. Researchers, scientists and practitioners will find this an essential resource on the judicial use of antibiotics in animals and humans. Explores all the genera of livestock and fish originated pathogenic bacteria associated with antimicrobial resistance Presents cutting-edge research on epigenetics, nanotechnology and intervention technologies Discusses transmission dynamics of resistance gene pools from different reservoirs, including food animals, poultry, fishes and the environment

Drivers Dynamics and Epidemiology of Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal Production

Drivers  Dynamics and Epidemiology of Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal Production Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-08-14
ISBN : 9251094411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is now accepted that increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria affecting humans and animals in recent decades is primarily influenced by an increase in usage of antimicrobials for a variety of purposes, including therapeutic and non-therapeutic uses in animal production. Antimicrobial resistance is an ancient and naturally occurring phenomenon in bacteria. But the use of antimicrobial drugs – in health care, agriculture or industrial settings – exerts a selection pressure which can favour the survival of resistant strains (or genes) over susceptible ones, leading to a relative increase in resistant bacteria within microbial communities.

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-10-10
ISBN : 0309259339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety

Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety Book
Author : Chin-Yi Chen,Xianghe Yan,Charlene R. Jackson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-15
ISBN : 0128013370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety: Methods and Techniques introduces antimicrobial resistant food-borne pathogens, their surveillance and epidemiology, emerging resistance and resistant pathogens. This analysis is followed by a systematic presentation of currently applied methodology and technology, including advanced technologies for detection, intervention, and information technologies. This reference can be used as a practical guide for scientists, food engineers, and regulatory personnel as well as students in food safety, food microbiology, or food science. Includes analysis of all major pathogens of concern Provides many case studies and examples of fundamental research findings Presents recent advances in methodologies and analytical software Demonstrates risk assessment using information technologies in foodborne pathogens

Pyrrhic Progress

Pyrrhic Progress Book
Author : Claas Kirchhelle
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release : 2020-01-17
ISBN : 081359149X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of the 2021 Joan Thirsk Memorial Prize from the British Agricultural History Society​ 2020 Choice​ Outstanding Academic Title​ Winner of the 2020 Turriano Prize from ICOHTEC Short-listed and highly commended for the Antibiotic Guardian Award from Public Health England​ Long-listed for the Michel Déon Prize from the Royal Irish Academy​ Pyrrhic Progress analyses over half a century of antibiotic use, regulation, and resistance in US and British food production. Mass-introduced after 1945, antibiotics helped revolutionize post-war agriculture. Food producers used antibiotics to prevent and treat disease, protect plants, preserve food, and promote animals’ growth. Many soon became dependent on routine antibiotic use to sustain and increase production. The resulting growth of antibiotic infrastructures came at a price. Critics blamed antibiotics for leaving dangerous residues in food, enabling bad animal welfare, and selecting for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria, which could no longer be treated with antibiotics. Pyrrhic Progress reconstructs the complicated negotiations that accompanied this process of risk prioritization between consumers, farmers, and regulators on both sides of the Atlantic. Unsurprisingly, solutions differed: while Europeans implemented precautionary antibiotic restrictions to curb AMR, consumer concerns and cost-benefit assessments made US regulators focus on curbing drug residues in food. The result was a growing divergence of antibiotic stewardship and a rise of AMR. Kirchhelle’s comprehensive analysis of evolving non-human antibiotic use and the historical complexities of antibiotic stewardship provides important insights for current debates on the global burden of AMR. This Open Access ebook is available under a CC-BY-NC-ND license, and is supported by a generous grant from Wellcome Trust.

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Drug Use in Food Animals,Panel on Animal Health, Food Safety, and Public Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-12
ISBN : 0309054346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industriesâ€"poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas: Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals

Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals Book
Author : Stefan Schwarz,Lina Maria Cavaco,Jianzhong Shen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 155581980X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global spread of antimicrobial-resistant pathogenic bacteria is a continuing challenge to the health care of humans and domesticated animals. With no new agents on the horizon, it is imperative to use antimicrobial agents wisely to preserve their future efficacy. Led by Editors Stefan Schwarz, Lina Maria Cavaco, and Jianzhong Shen with Frank Møller Aarestrup, an international team of experts in antimicrobial resistance of livestock and companion animals has created this valuable reference for veterinary students and practitioners as well as researchers and decision makers interested in understanding and preventing antimicrobial resistance.

Tackling Antibiotic Resistance from a Food Safety Perspective in Europe

Tackling Antibiotic Resistance from a Food Safety Perspective in Europe Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9789289014212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotics have revolutionized the treatment of infectious diseases. But their use and misuse have resulted in the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. This is now a significant health problem: each year in the European Union alone, over 25 000 people die from infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistance is also a food safety problem: antibiotic use in food animals -for treatment, disease prevention or growth promotion - allows resistant bacteria and resistance genes to spread from food animals to humans through the food-chain. This publication explores the options for prevention and containment of antibiotic resistance in the food-chain through national coordination and international cooperation, including the regulation and reduction of antibiotic use in food animals, training and capacity building, surveillance of resistance trends and antibiotic usage, promotion of knowledge and research, and advocacy and communication to raise awareness of the issues. This publication is primarily intended for policy-makers and authorities working in the public health, agriculture, food production and veterinary sectors, and offers them ways to take a holistic, intersectoral, multifaceted approach to this growing problem.

Challenges to Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance Economic and Policy Responses

Challenges to Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance Economic and Policy Responses Book
Author : OECD,World Health Organization
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2020-04-01
ISBN : 1108864120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a biological mechanism whereby a microorganism evolves over time to develop the ability to become resistant to antimicrobial therapies such as antibiotics. The drivers of and potential solutions to AMR are complex, often spanning multiple sectors. The internationally recognized response to AMR advocates for a ‘One Health’ approach, which requires policies to be developed and implemented across human, animal, and environmental health.

Ethics and Drug Resistance Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health

Ethics and Drug Resistance  Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health Book
Author : Euzebiusz Jamrozik,Michael Selgelid
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-26
ISBN : 3030278743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Open Access volume provides in-depth analysis of the wide range of ethical issues associated with drug-resistant infectious diseases. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is widely recognized to be one of the greatest threats to global public health in coming decades; and it has thus become a major topic of discussion among leading bioethicists and scholars from related disciplines including economics, epidemiology, law, and political theory. Topics covered in this volume include responsible use of antimicrobials; control of multi-resistant hospital-acquired infections; privacy and data collection; antibiotic use in childhood and at the end of life; agricultural and veterinary sources of resistance; resistant HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria; mandatory treatment; and trade-offs between current and future generations. As the first book focused on ethical issues associated with drug resistance, it makes a timely contribution to debates regarding practice and policy that are of crucial importance to global public health in the 21st century.

When Antibiotics Fail

When Antibiotics Fail Book
Author : The Expert Panel on the Potential Socio-Economic Impacts of Antimicrobial Resistance in Canada
Publisher : Council of Canadian Academies
Release : 2019-11-12
ISBN : 1926522753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When Antibiotics Fail examines the current impacts of AMR on our healthcare system, projects the future impact on Canada’s GDP, and looks at how widespread resistance will influence the day-to-day lives of Canadians. The report examines these issues through a One Health lens, recognizing the interconnected nature of AMR, from healthcare settings to the environment to the agriculture sector. It is the most comprehensive report to date on the economic impact of AMR in Canada.

Genetics of Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal and Zoonotic Pathogens

Genetics of Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal and Zoonotic Pathogens Book
Author : Axel Cloeckaert,Michel Stanislas Zygmunt,Benoît Doublet
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-01-26
ISBN : 2889453944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Development and spread of antimicrobial resistance is the result of an evolutionary process by which microorganisms adapt to antibiotics through several mechanisms including alteration of drug target by mutation and horizontal transfer of resistance genes. The concomitant occurrence of independent antimicrobial resistance mechanisms is a serious threat to human health and has appeared in several emerging epidemic clones over the past decade in humans and also in animals. The increasing prevalence of antimicrobial drug resistance among animal and zoonotic foodborne pathogens is of particular concern for public health. In this Ebook, we gathered a collection of articles which deal with the most important aspects of the genetics of acquired antimicrobial resistance extending from medically-important resistance, emerging epidemic resistant clones, main mobile genetic elements spreading resistance, resistomes, dissemination between animals and humans, to the “One Health” concept.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 46

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 46 Book
Author : Harsh Panwar,Chetan Sharma,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-29
ISBN : 3030530248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

According to the World Health Organization, antimicrobial resistance is a major threat to global health because the number of alternative antibiotics is very limited. Antimicrobial resistance is a slow evolutionary process that has been accelerated by human activities in health, environment and agriculture sectors. Due to their wide application, antibiotics and their residues have been found in almost all food products and natural ecosystems. This book reviews the drivers, impact and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance, with focus on methods and targets.

Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimicrobial Resistance Book
Author : Mihai Mares,Swee Hua Erin Lim,Kok-Song Lai,Romeo-Teodor Cristina
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-03-03
ISBN : 1839624329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tackling the realities of the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) situation today is no longer uncommon. Many battles have been fought in the past since the discovery of antibiotics between man and microbes. In the tussle of new antibiotic modifications, the transmission of resistant genes, both vertically and horizontally unveils yet another resistant attribute for the microbe, for it only to be faced with a more powerful, wide spectrum antibiotic; the cycle continues-and the winner is yet to be known. This book aims to provide some insight into various molecular mechanisms, agricultural mitigation methods, and the One Health applications to maybe, just maybe, tip the scales towards us.

The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors

The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Emerging Infections
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-03-26
ISBN : 9780309168304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The resistance topic is timely given current events. The emergence of mysterious new diseases, such as SARS, and the looming threat of bioterrorist attacks remind us of how vulnerable we can be to infectious agents. With advances in medical technologies, we have tamed many former microbial foes, yet with few new antimicrobial agents and vaccines in the pipeline, and rapidly increasing drug resistance among infectious microbes, we teeter on the brink of loosing the upperhand in our ongoing struggle against these foes, old and new. The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors examines our understanding of the relationships among microbes, disease vectors, and human hosts, and explores possible new strategies for meeting the challenge of resistance.

Tackling Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Pig Production

Tackling Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Pig Production Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2019-05-08
ISBN : 9210041577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report describes a campaign to limit the use of antimicrobials – specifically antibiotics – in the Danish swine-producing sector. It is a testimony of the collaboration between the regulatory sector within the Ministry of Environment and Food (and its agriculture-focused precursors), private veterinary practitioners and swine producers (large and small), to tackle the unsustainable overuse of antibiotics in the industry, and is a retrospective tribute to all those who had the foresight to make significant changes to ensure consumer protection: improving hygiene at primary sites of swine production, developing options for intervention through a system of surveillance and collation of data from feed mills to veterinary practitioner prescriptions, identifying sites for intervention, setting targets, restructuring the relationship between the veterinary services and farmers, and implementing changes in behaviour for greatest impact. Denmark in many ways laid out a plan before there was any known roadmap to follow; each step was based on continuous analysis and feedback to the operators – private and public – for ongoing monitoring and accountability as a driver for change. It is hoped that this historical guide may serve other countries, food producers, regulators, veterinarians and those responsible for veterinary structures, as well as academia, to identify ways forward to limit the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance, which is threatening public health, animal health and safe food production worldwide.

Tackling antimicrobial use and resistance in dairy cattle

Tackling antimicrobial use and resistance in dairy cattle Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2020-11-24
ISBN : 9251336504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication describes the long-term efforts of the Swedish dairy sector to keep animals healthy, thereby putting Swedish dairy farms at the top with regards to low use of antibiotics combined with high productivity. The Swedish success story rests on strong partnerships among farmer organizations, veterinary services, academia, and government agencies and ministries. This document is a tribute to the pioneers and current stakeholders for their sustained work in continuously improving animal health, welfare and productivity, including through the development and implementation of specific health programmes, the recording of production and disease data, the formulation of treatment guidelines and the surveillance and monitoring of antibiotic resistance and use. Key has been a bottom-up approach, allowing farmers' views and conditions to be considered before introducing interventions for limiting the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotic Resistance and the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture

Antibiotic Resistance and the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Antibiotic Resistance and the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Big Chicken

Big Chicken Book
Author : Maryn McKenna
Publisher : National Geographic Books
Release : 2017-09-12
ISBN : 1426217676
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this eye-opening exposé, acclaimed health journalist and National Geographic contributor Maryn McKenna documents how antibiotics transformed chicken from local delicacy to industrial commodity—and human health threat—uncovering the ways we can make America's favorite meat safer again. What you eat matters—for your health, for the environment, and for future generations. In this riveting investigative narrative, McKenna dives deep into the world of modern agriculture by way of chicken: from the farm where it's raised directly to your dinner table. Consumed more than any other meat in the United States, chicken is emblematic of today's mass food-processing practices and their profound influence on our lives and health. Tracing its meteoric rise from scarce treat to ubiquitous global commodity, McKenna reveals the astounding role of antibiotics in industrial farming, documenting how and why "wonder drugs" revolutionized the way the world eats—and not necessarily for the better. Rich with scientific, historical, and cultural insights, this spellbinding cautionary tale shines a light on one of America's favorite foods—and shows us the way to safer, healthier eating for ourselves and our children. In August 2019 this book will be published in paperback with the title Plucked: Chicken, Antibiotics, and How Big Business Changed the Way the World Eats.

Evaluation of FAO s role and work on antimicrobial resistance AMR

Evaluation of FAO   s role and work on antimicrobial resistance  AMR  Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2021-03-05
ISBN : 9251340749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of microorganisms to fight antimicrobial compounds, reducing the efficacy of treating diseases in humans, animals, and plants. AMR risk is outpacing human population growth, owing to misuse of antimicrobials in large quantities in food systems, and is a serious threat to food security and sustainable development. FAO, with the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), is supporting countries in developing and implementing their One Health National Action Plans on AMR. The eventual aim is to ensure sustainable use of antimicrobials to minimize AMR risks, in alignment with the Global Action Plan on AMR. The scope of the evaluation covers FAO’s entire work on AMR up to early 2020 and its role in the global AMR architecture. It examines FAO’s organizational and institutional set-up for AMR work. FAO has a strong mandate to work on AMR, implementing activities in 45 countries and providing far-reaching support on AMR National Action Plans (NAPs). FAO’s technical expertise is a key comparative advantage in its work on AMR. It is underpinned by the strong scientific grounding of FAO’s work, engendered in its AMR working groups and supported by its collaboration with research centers, universities, and the Tripartite organizations. Nevertheless, the work is relatively recent and, given the long impact pathways, it has had limited results. A comprehensive strategic and programmatic approach would increase the likelihood of achieving results in combating AMR. FAO should prioritize its work in a long-term strategy on AMR that recognizes the seriousness of the threat and is fully integrated into the Organization’s Strategic Framework. The strategy should set out FAO’s long-term role in combating AMR and that of its divisions and offices, as well as its approach at the country and regional level. FAO should consolidate its work on AMR through a strong programmatic approach with a central coordination and management structure that links with the Regional Offices and is supported by dedicated core funding.