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Antimicrobial Peptides In Gastrointestinal Diseases

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Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases

Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases Book
Author : Chi Hin Cho
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-06
ISBN : 0128143207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), including cathelicidins and defensins are host defence peptides that carry out multiple roles in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases presents knowledge about the physiological functions and pharmacological actions of AMPs in inflammation, cancer, and further infection of the GI tract. The book provides coverage from the basic research to clinical application for GI diseases. Current research and development of AMPs is presented, opening the way for further work on these peptides, not only in the context of GI diseases, but also for similar pathologies in other organs. AMPs are key to the regulation of human microbiome and second line defence in the GI mucosa, prevent colonization of pathogens and modulation of innate response to invading pathogens, and modify immunological reactions during inflammatory processes and oncogenic development in the GI mucosa. More importantly, AMPs possess diversified anti-microbial actions against various infectious diseases in the GI tract. With these physiological functions and pharmacological actions, AMPs have significant potential as therapeutic agents for the treatment of inflammation, cancer and further infection in the GI tract. Provides an overview of AMPs, particularly cathelicidin and defensin, in different diseases Covers inflammation and ulcer repair in the stomach and colon and carcinogenesis in the GI tract Presents AMP information and knowledge in a concise manner Gives useful information on all aspects of AMPs Promotes research on AMPs and their development as drugs, from bench, to clinical application

Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases

Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases Book
Author : Chi Hin Cho
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-22
ISBN : 9780128143193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), including cathelicidins and defensins are host defence peptides that carry out multiple roles in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases presents knowledge about the physiological functions and pharmacological actions of AMPs in inflammation, cancer, and further infection of the GI tract. The book provides coverage from the basic research to clinical application for GI diseases. Current research and development of AMPs is presented, opening the way for further work on these peptides, not only in the context of GI diseases, but also for similar pathologies in other organs. AMPs are key to the regulation of human microbiome and second line defence in the GI mucosa, prevent colonization of pathogens and modulation of innate response to invading pathogens, and modify immunological reactions during inflammatory processes and oncogenic development in the GI mucosa. More importantly, AMPs possess diversified anti-microbial actions against various infectious diseases in the GI tract. With these physiological functions and pharmacological actions, AMPs have significant potential as therapeutic agents for the treatment of inflammation, cancer and further infection in the GI tract. Provides an overview of AMPs, particularly cathelicidin and defensin, in different diseases Covers inflammation and ulcer repair in the stomach and colon and carcinogenesis in the GI tract Presents AMP information and knowledge in a concise manner Gives useful information on all aspects of AMPs Promotes research on AMPs and their development as drugs, from bench, to clinical application

Immunodeficiency and Disease

Immunodeficiency and Disease Book
Author : A.D.B Webster
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400912757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The AIDS epidemic has popularized immune deficiency and has led to a rapid increase in the funding for research into the effect of viruses on immunity. There is now a real possibility of finding out whether some of the rare, so-called 'primary' immunodeficiency syndromes of children and adults, first described in the 1950s, may have a viral aetiology. Most of these syndromes have already been extensively reviewed more than once over the past 10 years, and their diagnosis and management is now included in most standard medical textbooks. In this volume, I have chosen to highlight what I consider to be the potentially exciting aspects of immunodeficiency in humans, hopefully providing clinicians and medical academics with some insight into the recent breakthroughs and disappointments. There are three chapters discussing viral interactions with the immune system. Although much has been written about AIDS already, I make no apology for including an extensive review of both the clinical and laboratory aspects of this disease. AIDS is an important precedent, and it is likely that other less pathogenic retroviruses will eventually turn dut to cause some of the rarer immunodeficiency disorders in children and adults. For instance, it has long been suspected that viruses may cause some of the non-familial types of severe combined immunodeficiency in infants; in fact HIV-I infection now has to be considered in the differential diagnosis.

Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition

Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides   Advances in Research and Application  2012 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-12-26
ISBN : 1481603078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides. The editors have built Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy Book
Author : Anton Ficai,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-29
ISBN : 0323461514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

Lessons in Immunity

Lessons in Immunity Book
Author : Loriano Ballarin,Matteo Cammarata
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-08
ISBN : 0128032537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lessons in Immunity: From Single-cell Organisms to Mammals stems from the activity of the Italian Association of Developmental and Comparative Immunobiology (IADCI), represented by the editors. This book is presented as a series of short overviews that report on the current state of various relevant fields of immunobiology from an evolutionary perspective. The overviews are written by authors directly involved in the research, and most are members of the IADCI or have otherwise been involved in the related research for their respective overview. This publication offers scientists and teachers an easy and updated reference tool. Provides simple and updated reviews on the immunobiology of a wide spectrum of organisms, considered in an evolutionary context Focuses on both cells and humoral components of a variety of non-classical model organisms Offers in a single volume many contributions which can help with understanding the evolution of immune responses and the main adaptations in animal phyla Presents a valuable holistic cross-sectional approach for teaching immunology and its applications

Antimicrobial Peptides

Antimicrobial Peptides Book
Author : Katsumi Matsuzaki
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-12
ISBN : 9811335885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), their mechanisms of antimicrobial action, other activities, and various problems that must still be overcome regarding their clinical application. Divided into four major parts, the book begins with a general overview of AMPs (Part I), and subsequently discusses the various mechanisms of antimicrobial action and methods for researching them (Part 2). It then addresses a range of activities other than antimicrobial action, such as cell penetration, antisepsis, anticancer, and immunomodulatory activities (Part 3), and explores the prospects of clinical application from various standpoints such as the selective toxicity, design, and discovery of AMPs (Part 4). A huge number of AMPs have been discovered in plants, insects, and vertebrates including humans, and constitute host defense systems against invading pathogenic microorganisms. Consequently, many attempts have been made to utilize AMPs as antibiotics. AMPs could help to solve the urgent problem of drug-resistant bacteria, and are also promising with regard to sepsis and cancer therapy. Gathering a wealth of information, this book will be a bible for all those seeking to develop antibiotics, anti-sepsis, or anticancer agents based on AMPs.

Nutraceutical Proteins and Peptides in Health and Disease

Nutraceutical Proteins and Peptides in Health and Disease Book
Author : Yoshinori Mine,Fereidoon Shahidi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-09-29
ISBN : 1420028839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reports of the beneficial health effects of some peptides have begun to make their way into the scientific literature. Peptides can act as immunomodulators, and have been shown to have a positive influence on calcium absorption, and on regulation of serum cholesterol. A number of peptides may also possess antimicrobial properties that enhance the body's defense mechanisms, and others may produce inhibitory effects for angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (ACE), leading to novel treatments for blood pressure conditions, heart failure, and diabetes. Modern food biotechnology may also allow for the production of highly important products for those suffering life-altering food allergies. A compendium of cutting-edge information for research scientists and clinicians Nutraceutical Proteins and Peptides in Health and Disease is the first book that provides comprehensive discussions on bioactive proteins and peptides in the area of nutraceutical and functional foods. It looks at protein and peptide impact on the body's absorption, defense, regulating, and nervous systems, then delves into hypo-allergenic foods and modern approaches to nutraceutical research and production. With 32 chapters written by 63 scientists working at the frontier of this revolutionizing field, it includes state-of-the-art information on-- The cholesterol-lowering capabilities of proteins and peptides Opioid-like peptides The antibodies found in milk and egg yolks Enzymes derived from traditional Asian fermented foods found useful in novel thrombolytic therapy ACE-inhibitory peptides Enzymatic treatments used to create anti-allergenic food Recent developments in proteomics that are making certain processes economically feasible, including those employed in the binding of bioactive peptides Nutraceutical Proteins and Peptides in Health and Disease provides a compendium of cutting-edge information that can be put to direct use in research, therapy, and production. Biochemists, nutritional scientists, food scientists, and health professionals, as well as graduate students in these fields, will find this book highly useful.

New Weapons to Control Bacterial Growth

New Weapons to Control Bacterial Growth Book
Author : Tomas G. Villa,Miguel Vinas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-24
ISBN : 3319283685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by specialists in the different fields, this book presents new perspectives and insights into strategies and weapons to fight microbial infections. It also reviews the “state of the art” of alternative treatment approaches and new therapeutic agents to deal with infections caused by multidrug-resistant microorganisms. In an era of accumulated resistance to current antibiotics, it is vital that this is undertaken without further delay. Aspects discussed include the control of RNA synthesis, the use of bacteriocins or enzybiotics (bacteriophages or purified lysins), the specific control of pathogenic clostridia, the design of new drugs affecting DNA synthesis in bacteria, the use of fecal-matter transplant strategies, the specific control of quorum sensing responses in bacteria, the use of new peptides as antibiotics and new ways to control bacteria that cause cancer, such as Helicobacter pylori cancers.

Lasso Peptides

Lasso Peptides Book
Author : Yanyan Li,Séverine Zirah,Sylvie Rebuffat
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-21
ISBN : 1493910108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lasso peptides form a growing family of fascinating ribosomally-synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides produced by bacteria. They contain 15 to 24 residues and share a unique interlocked topology that involves an N-terminal 7 to 9-residue macrolactam ring where the C-terminal tail is threaded and irreversibly trapped. The ring results from the condensation of the N-terminal amino group with a side-chain carboxylate of a glutamate at position 8 or 9, or an aspartate at position 7, 8 or 9. The trapping of the tail involves bulky amino acids located in the tail below and above the ring and/or disulfide bridges connecting the ring and the tail. Lasso peptides are subdivided into three subtypes depending on the absence (class II) or presence of one (class III) or two (class I) disulfide bridges. The lasso topology results in highly compact structures that give to lasso peptides an extraordinary stability towards both protease degradation and denaturing conditions. Lasso peptides are generally receptor antagonists, enzyme inhibitors and/or antibacterial or antiviral (anti-HIV) agents. The lasso scaffold and the associated biological activities shown by lasso peptides on different key targets make them promising molecules with high therapeutic potential. Their application in drug design has been exemplified by the development of an integrin antagonist based on a lasso peptide scaffold. The biosynthesis machinery of lasso peptides is therefore of high biotechnological interest, especially since such highly compact and stable structures have to date revealed inaccessible by peptide synthesis. Lasso peptides are produced from a linear precursor LasA, which undergoes a maturation process involving several steps, in particular cleavage of the leader peptide and cyclization. The post-translational modifications are ensured by a dedicated enzymatic machinery, which is composed of an ATP-dependent cysteine protease (LasB) and a lactam synthetase (LasC) that form an enzymatic complex called lasso synthetase. Microcin J25, produced by Escherichia coli AY25, is the archetype of lasso peptides and the most extensively studied. To date only around forty lasso peptides have been isolated, but genome mining approaches have revealed that they are widely distributed among Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria, particularly in Streptomyces, making available a rich resource of novel lasso peptides and enzyme machineries towards lasso topologies.

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology  The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease Book
Author : Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-05
ISBN : 1493908979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

Antimicrobial Peptides and Innate Immunity

Antimicrobial Peptides and Innate Immunity Book
Author : Pieter S. Hiemstra,Sebastian A. J. Zaat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-01
ISBN : 3034805411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial peptides have been the subject of intense research in the past decades, and are now considered as an essential part of the defense system in bacteria, plants, animals and humans. his book provides an update on these effector molecules of the innate immune system both for researchers who are already actively involved in the area, and for those with a general interest in the topic. The book starts with an overview of the evolution of cysteine-containing antimicrobial peptides (including defensins), and the role of these peptides in host defense in plants and micro-organisms. The realization that antimicrobial peptides also display functions distinct from their direct antimicrobial action is the focus of the next chapters, and puts these peptides center stage in immunity and wound repair. Further chapters discuss the role of antimicrobial peptides in disease, by providing an overview of mechanisms in bacterial resistance to antimicrobial peptides and a discussion of their role in inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis lung disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Finally, the book shows how knowledge of the function of antimicrobial peptides and their regulation can be used to design new therapies for inflammatory and infectious disorders. This is a very important area of research because of the increase in resistance of micro-organisms to conventional antibiotics. Therefore the use of synthetic or recombinant peptides, or agents that stimulate the endogenous production of antimicrobial peptides, provides an attractive alternative for conventional antibiotics.

Antimicrobial Peptides

Antimicrobial Peptides Book
Author : Jürgen Harder,Jens-M. Schröder
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-24
ISBN : 3319241990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the importance of human antimicrobial peptides (AMP) in keeping the host healthy and preventing infectious diseases. The first chapters deal with several examples of the role of AMP in different epithelial organs (skin and wound healing, eye, lung, genito-urinary tract, gut), which are exposed to different kinds of infectious microorganisms and as a result produce different patterns of AMP. Examples of the dysregulation of AMP expression and function promoting infections are discussed. The capacity of AMP to restrict the availability of essential metals to bacteria as an efficient antibacterial strategy in nutritional immunity is discussed in the next chapter. Our current understanding of how vitamin D, the sunshine vitamin, influences AMP-expression and how this can affect our health is also addressed. Last but not least, the role of AMP in HIV infection and the immunomodulatory properties of AMP highlight the diverse facets of AMP in host immunity. AMP’s specific functions, including in fighting multi-resistant bacteria, suggest that they may offer therapeutic benefits – a question that is discussed in the final chapter.

Walker s Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease

Walker s Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease Book
Author : Ronald E. Kleinman,Olivier-Jean Goulet,Giorgina Mieli-Vergani,Ian R. Sanderson,Philip M. Sherman,Benjamin L. Shneider
Publisher : PMPH USA, Ltd
Release : 2018-06-04
ISBN : 1607950839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Walker s Pediatric Gastrointestinal Disease book written by Ronald E. Kleinman,Olivier-Jean Goulet,Giorgina Mieli-Vergani,Ian R. Sanderson,Philip M. Sherman,Benjamin L. Shneider, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease

Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease Book
Author : William Shafer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-10-05
ISBN : 3540299165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes are in our midst soon after birth. Thankfully, the number of harmless (and often beneficial) microbes far outnumber those that would do us harm. Our ability to ward-off pathogens in our environment, including those that can colonize our exterior and/or interior surfaces, depends on the integrative action of the innate and adaptive immunity systems. This volume of CTMI, entitled Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease, is dedicated to the role of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in the innate host defense system of homo sapiens.

Health and the Gut

Health and the Gut Book
Author : William Olds
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-08-04
ISBN : 1498701264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. The study of the intestinal ecosystem of bacteria in the human gut—the gut microbiome—is a new field that is rapidly evolving. This book serves as an introduction to some of the new and exciting research that is being done in this field. Included are chapters that examine the following: • Gut microbiome’s roles in the pathogenesis of obesity and autoimmune disease • The effect of nutrition on the richness of the microbial community • The stability of the microbiome to various stressors • Emerging ways to diagnose diseases using the microbiome • Exciting prospects for using these microbes to cure disease This easily accessible reference volume offers a comprehensive guide to this relatively new field of study. Edited by a researcher from Yale University, Health and the Gut: The Emerging Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Disease and Therapeutics is an authoritative and easy-to-use reference, ideal for both researchers in the field and those who wish to gain more information about the impact of gut microbiota on human health.

Pathogenesis of Periodontal Diseases

Pathogenesis of Periodontal Diseases Book
Author : Nagihan Bostanci,Georgios N. Belibasakis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-25
ISBN : 3319537377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to provide clinicians with a refined understanding of the biology that underlies periodontal diseases, thereby offering a sound basis for improved clinical decision making with regard to prevention strategies, diagnosis, and therapy. All significant aspects of periodontal pathogenesis are covered, including the roles played by the oral microbiome and biofilms, bacterial virulence factors, cells of the immune system, matrix metalloproteinases, proinflammatory and osteolytic cytokines, genetic factors, and antimicrobial peptides. Periodontal diseases are among the most common infectious diseases in humans, and the primary cause of tooth loss in adults. The functional and esthetic problems associated with these diseases compromise quality of life, and their treatment imposes large financial burdens on national health systems and private patients. Up-to-date knowledge of periodontal pathogenesis is therefore essential for the contemporary clinician. This book, written by experts from Europe and the Americas, delivers such knowledge in an accessible, clinician-friendly way.

Peptide Drug Discovery and Development

Peptide Drug Discovery and Development Book
Author : Miguel Castanho,Nuno Santos
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-24
ISBN : 3527636749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling a real knowledge gap, this handbook and ready reference is both modern and forward-looking in its emphasis on the "bench to bedside" translational approach to drug development. Clearly structured into three major parts, the book stakes out the boundaries of peptide drug development in the preclinical as well as clinical stages. The first part provides a general background and focuses on the characteristic strengths and weaknesses of peptide drugs. The second section contains five cases studies of peptides from diverse therapeutic fields, and the lessons to be learned from them, while the final part looks at new targets and opportunities, discussing several drug targets and diseases for which peptide drugs are currently being developed.

Adrenomedullin

Adrenomedullin Book
Author : Alfredo Martínez,Frank Cuttitta
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9789051993608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adrenomedullin is a recently discovered peptide hormone which involved in many physiological and pathological processes. This book reviews all the information available on this intriguing molecule, covering topics as diverse as blood pressure regulation, growth of tumours and normal cells, the central nervous system, and comparative studies from sharks to mammals. An international group of experts has contributed to this volume which will be of interest to professionals, researchers, and those who will benefit from a broad review of the literature and the main trends in adrenomedullin research.

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Immunology

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Immunology Book
Author : Ranjita Shegokar,Eliana B. Souto
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0323401139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Immunology: The Design, Applications and Toxicology of Nanopharmaceuticals and Nanovaccines aims to deliver a systematic and comprehensive review of data concerning the nature of interaction and nano-related risks between the nanopharmaceuticals currently in the pipeline of S&T development for skin, ocular and nasal drug delivery, including absorption, toxicity, and the ability to distribute after systemic exposure. The book's contributors address a representative set of the broad spectrum of nanopharmaceutics presently being used, including cationic lipid nanoparticles, polymeric PLGA, PLA nanoparticles, biomacromolecules-based nanoparticles, and other scaffolds tissue-engineered skin substitutes. In addition, regulation and risk are also covered since the safety of these nanopharmaceuticals still represents a barrier to their wide and innovative use. Provides a thorough knowledge of the safety aspects of nanopharmaceuticals currently under research Focuses on the characterization and quantification of nanopharmaceutics to allow readers to understand the correlation between the nature of the materials and their potential nanotoxicological effects Includes a thorough overview of legal and regulatory aspects and a discussion of the ethical issues related to the R&D of nanopharmaceuticals