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Antibody Fc

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Antibody Fc

Antibody Fc  Book
Author : Margaret Ackerman,Falk Nimmerjahn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-08-06
ISBN : 0123948185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibody Fc is the first single text to synthesize the literature on the mechanisms underlying the dramatic variability of antibodies to influence the immune response. The book demonstrates the importance of the Fc domain, including protective mechanisms, effector cell types, genetic data, and variability in Fc domain function. This volume is a critical single-source reference for researchers in vaccine discovery, immunologists, microbiologists, oncologists and protein engineers as well as graduate students in immunology and vaccinology. Antibodies represent the correlate of protection for numerous vaccines and are the most rapidly growing class of drugs, with applications ranging from cancer and infectious disease to autoimmunity. Researchers have long understood the variable domain of antibodies, which are responsible for antigen recognition, and can provide protection by blocking the function of their target antigen. However, recent developments in our understanding of the protection mediated by antibodies have highlighted the critical nature of the antibody constant, or Fc domain, in the biological activity of antibodies. The Fc domain allows antibodies to link the adaptive and innate immune systems, providing specificity to a wide range of innate effector cells. In addition, they provide a feedback loop to regulate the character of the immune response via interactions with B cells and antigen-presenting cells. Clarifies the different mechanisms of IgG activity at the level of the different model systems used, including human genetic, mouse, and in vitro Covers the role of antibodies in cancer, infectious disease, and autoimmunity and in the setting of monoclonal antibody therapy as well as naturally raised antibodies Color illustrations enhance explanations of the immune system

Antibody Fc

Antibody Fc Book
Author : Roy Jefferis
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-06
ISBN : 0128060387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diversity of antigen-binding specificity may be considered the hallmark of antibodies; however, the human IgG-Fc region also exhibits binding specificity for multiple ligands. Evolution of the IgG-Fc has resulted in the generation of interaction sites for endogenous (self) ligands that recruit and activate mechanisms facilitating the removal and destruction of antibody–pathogen immune complexes. However, pathogens (bacteria and virus) have co-evolved to elaborate IgG-Fc binding proteins that seek to subvert these protective mechanisms. The four human IgG subclasses exhibit differential binding specificity for these ligands, and the choice of IgG subclass for an antibody therapeutic allows selection for a ligand binding profile appropriate for the intended use. The profile of IgG-Fc ligand binding specificities is being extended through the generation and selection among multiple IgG-Fc mutant proteins. Of particular interest has been the development of mutant aglycosylated antibodies that retain or acquire ligand binding activities. This extends possible production vehicles to include prokaryotic systems, although an increased potential for inducing anti-drug antibodies may be a limiting factor.

Antibody Fc

Antibody Fc Book
Author : Victor Raúl Gómez Román,Joseph C. Murray,Louis M. Weiner
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-08-06
ISBN : 0128060220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), also called antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, is an immune mechanism through which Fc receptor-bearing effector cells can recognize and kill antibody-coated target cells expressing tumor- or pathogen-derived antigens on their surface. Numerous associations between ADCC activity, Fc receptor polymorphisms, and clinical outcomes have been observed in both the settings of vaccination and monoclonal antibody therapy. Here, the effector cells and receptors involved in ADCC are introduced, followed by a description of the four main stages and mechanisms leading to the antibody-dependent effector-mediated killing of the target cell: (1) Recognition of the target cell and Fc receptor cross-linking on the surface of the effector cell; (2) phosphorylation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) by cellular src kinases within the effector cell; (3) triggering of three main downstream signaling pathways in the effector cell, resulting in cytotoxic granule polarization and release; and (4) killing of the target cell via the predominant perforin/granzyme cell death pathway. Further, a summary and a discussion are presented in relation to case studies in which in vitro ADCC activity correlates with protection against infectious diseases and outcomes in monoclonal antibody therapy of cancer in vivo . The means by which these mechanisms are currently being exploited by recombinant antibody engineering, and a path toward a future in which designed vaccines take advantage of variant ADCC activity are also discussed. Throughout the chapter, attention is drawn to the fact that, while the majority of ADCC studies have been based on research using peripheral blood mononuclear cells in which NK cells have been assumed to be the main effectors, questions remain unanswered about ADCC mediated by non-NK cell populations in peripheral blood and in mucosal compartments.

Antibody Fc Engineering Towards Better Therapeutics

Antibody Fc Engineering  Towards Better Therapeutics Book
Author : Tianlei Ying,Rui Gong
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-12-21
ISBN : 2889456781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Antibody Fc Engineering Towards Better Therapeutics book written by Tianlei Ying,Rui Gong, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fc Mediated Antibody Functions and Fc Receptor Polymorphism

Fc Mediated Antibody Functions and Fc Receptor Polymorphism Book
Author : Guido Ferrari,Georgia Tomaras,R. Keith Reeves,Gabriella Scarlatti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-07-28
ISBN : 2889638901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fc Mediated Antibody Functions and Fc Receptor Polymorphism book written by Guido Ferrari,Georgia Tomaras,R. Keith Reeves,Gabriella Scarlatti, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antibody Fc

Antibody Fc Book
Author : Margaret Ackerman,Falk Nimmerjahn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780123948021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book synthesizes the literature on the mechanisms underlying the dramatic variability of antibodies to influence the immune response. The book demonstrates the importance of the Fc domain, including protective mechanisms, effector cell types, genetic data, and variability in Fc domain function.

Therapeutic Antibody Engineering

Therapeutic Antibody Engineering Book
Author : William R Strohl,Lila M Strohl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-16
ISBN : 1908818093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of antibody engineering has become a vital and integral part of making new, improved next generation therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, of which there are currently more than 300 in clinical trials across several therapeutic areas. Therapeutic antibody engineering examines all aspects of engineering monoclonal antibodies and analyses the effect that various genetic engineering approaches will have on future candidates. Chapters in the first part of the book provide an introduction to monoclonal antibodies, their discovery and development and the fundamental technologies used in their production. Following chapters cover a number of specific issues relating to different aspects of antibody engineering, including variable chain engineering, targets and mechanisms of action, classes of antibody and the use of antibody fragments, among many other topics. The last part of the book examines development issues, the interaction of human IgGs with non-human systems, and cell line development, before a conclusion looking at future issues affecting the field of therapeutic antibody engineering. Goes beyond the standard engineering issues covered by most books and delves into structure-function relationships Integration of knowledge across all areas of antibody engineering, development, and marketing Discusses how current and future genetic engineering of cell lines will pave the way for much higher productivity

Antibody Engineering Volume 2

Antibody Engineering Volume 2 Book
Author : Roland E. Kontermann,Stefan Dübel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-10
ISBN : 3642011470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibodies are indispensable tools for research, diagnosis, and therapy. Recombinant approaches allow the modification and improvement of nearly all antibody properties, such as affinity, valency, specificity, stability, serum half-life, effector functions, and immunogenicity. "Antibody Engineering" provides a comprehensive toolbox covering the well-established basics but also many exciting new techniques. The protocols reflect the latest "hands on" knowledge of key laboratories in this still fast-moving field. Newcomers will benefit from the proven step-by-step protocols, which include helpful practical advice; experienced antibody engineers will appreciate the new ideas and approaches. The book is an invaluable resource for all those engaged in antibody research and development.

Antibody Engineering Volume 1

Antibody Engineering Volume 1 Book
Author : Roland E. Kontermann,Stefan Dübel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-10
ISBN : 3642011446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibodies are indispensable tools for research, diagnosis, and therapy. Recombinant approaches allow the modification and improvement of nearly all antibody properties, such as affinity, valency, specificity, stability, serum half-life, effector functions, and immunogenicity. "Antibody Engineering" provides a comprehensive toolbox covering the well-established basics but also many exciting new techniques. The protocols reflect the latest "hands on" knowledge of key laboratories in this still fast-moving field. Newcomers will benefit from the proven step-by-step protocols, which include helpful practical advice; experienced antibody engineers will appreciate the new ideas and approaches. The book is an invaluable resource for all those engaged in antibody research and development.

Antibody Drug Discovery

Antibody Drug Discovery Book
Author : Clive R. Wood
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 184816629X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monoclonal antibodies have become important treatments for cancer, inflammation and a wide range of other diseases, representing an increasing share of the most successful pharmaceutical markets. The technologies to discover these drugs have been developed by select centers of excellence in industry and academia, and are continually being fine tuned in the race to identify the best antibody-based drug candidates and accelerate their paths to patients. The objective of this volume is to provide a series of guides to those evaluating and preparing to enter particular areas within the field and to offer specialized perspectives to established researchers. The chapters set into context the significance of key developments and important considerations for selecting different approaches, such as antibody humanization, isotype selection, lead candidate selection criteria and protein production. All contributors to this work are experts in their fields, and many have played pivotal roles in the creation of these technologies.

Human Antibody Therapeutics For Viral Disease

Human Antibody Therapeutics For Viral Disease Book
Author : Scott K. Dessain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-12
ISBN : 3540721444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the utility of human antibodies as medical therapeutics for cancer and immune diseases has been well-established, it is only beginning to be realized for the treatment of viral infectious diseases. Polyclonal immunoglobulins have long been used for some viral diseases, but they have limited potency and disease scope. Only a single humanized monoclonal antibody (pavilizumab) has been approved as a viral countermeasure.

Antibody Technology

Antibody Technology Book
Author : Eryl Liddell,Ian Weeks
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2020-08-26
ISBN : 1000141012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of antibody technology. It discusses in detail the new generation of engineered antibodies and the latest developments in immunoassay techniques and applications, as well as describing conventional methods of antibody production and use. Antibody Technology will bring the reader up-to-date with current methods, helping the reader to make informed decisions on the best approach to a given task with regard to cost, time and final application.

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Antibody Activity

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Antibody Activity Book
Author : Falk Nimmerjahn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-22
ISBN : 1461471079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the function of antibodies in vivo. Recent years have seen an exponential growth in knowledge about the molecular and cellular mechanisms of antibody activity. These new results dramatically changed our view of how antibodies function in vivo. The importance of this class of molecules is demonstrated by the heightened susceptibility to infections of humans and mice with an altered capacity to generate pathogen specific antibody responses. Thus, the majority of our currently available vaccines, such as vaccines against influenza, measles and hepatitis focus on the generation of long lasting antibody responses. Recent evidence from a variety of in vivo model systems and from human patient cohorts has highlighted the exclusive role of cellular Fc-receptors for certain immunoglobulin isotypes and subclasses. With the recent discovery of a human Fc-receptor for IgM all different human immunoglobulin isotypes now have a cellular receptor, providing a feedback mechanism and link between antibodies and the cellular components of the immune system. Moreover it has become clear the complement and Fc-receptor system are tightly connected and regulate each other to ensure a well balanced immune response. Among the immunoglobulin isotypes IgG plays a very important protective role against microbial infections and also as a therapeutic agent to kill tumor cells or autoantibody producing B cells in autoimmune disease. Transfer of our knowledge about the crucial function of Fc-receptors has led to the production of a second generation of therapeutic antibodies with enhanced binding to this class of receptors. Binding of antibodies to Fc-receptors leads to the recruitment of the potent pro-inflammatory effector functions of cells from the innate immune system. Hence, Fc-receptors link the innate and adaptive immune system, emphasizing the importance of both arms of the immune system and their crosstalk during anti-microbial immune responses. Besides this pro-inflammatory activity immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules are long known to also have an anti-inflammatory function. This is demonstrated by the use of high dose intravenous immunoglobulins as a therapeutic agent in many human autoimmune diseases. During the past five years several new insights into the molecular and cellular pathways of this anti-inflammatory activity were gained radically changing our view of IgG function in vivo. Several lines of evidence suggest that the sugar moiety attached to the IgG molecule is responsible for these opposing activities and may be seen as a molecular switch enabling the immune system to change IgG function from a pro- to an anti-inflammatory activity. There is convincing evidence in mice and humans that aberrant IgG glycosylation could be an important new pathway for understanding the impaired antibody activity during autoimmune disease. Besides this tremendous increase in basic knowledge about factors influencing immunoglobulin activity the book will also provide insights into how these new insights might help to generate novel therapeutic approaches to enhance IgG activity for tumor therapy on the one hand, and how to block the self-destructive activity of IgG autoantibodies during autoimmune disease on the other hand.

New Antibody Formats

New Antibody Formats Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0323994105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Antibody Formats, Volume 369 in the International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology serial, highlights new advances in the field with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of important topics, including Current innovative engineered antibodies, Advances in bispecific antibodies, Applications of trimerbodies for cancer immunotherapy, Multispecific mAb-Anticalin formats, New antibody formats to treat Lung Cancer, Immunocytokines: from bench to bedside, and Single domain antibodies in cancer. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology serials Updated release includes the latest information on New Antibody Formats

Development of Antibody Based Therapeutics

Development of Antibody Based Therapeutics Book
Author : Mohammad A. Tabrizi,Gadi G. Bornstein,Scott L. Klakamp
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-04-24
ISBN : 1441959556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational strategies for development of antibody-based therapeutics should allow understanding of the relationship between the ‘unit dose’ and ‘unit effect’ with respect to both beneficial and deleterious effects from early stages of development. The flow of information from later to earlier stages of development should provide opportunities to facilitate selection of more effective novel and next-generation drug candidates. Selection and evaluation of relevant biomarkers in early preclinical development in "relevant" animal models should allow for identifying potential risks to humans and establishing safe First-In-Human (FIH) dosing strategies. Hence, integration of knowledge with respect to target antigen properties such as antigen distribution, expression profile, kinetic properties, target pharmacology, antigen isoforms and pharmacological redundancy in health and disease, as well as antibody design criteria, such as antibody isotype, affinity, PK/PD and safety is a critical necessity for the design of effective translational strategies. Additionally, these factors will further offer critical differentiating characteristics for next-generation antibodies, and novel technologies prove instrumental in generation of biosuperior antibody candidates for market entry. This book will examine many important considerations necessary for the design of effective translational strategies during the development of antibody-based therapeutics.

Antibody Glycosylation

Antibody Glycosylation Book
Author : Marija Pezer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-22
ISBN : 3030769127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes recent advances in antibody glycosylation research. Covering major topics relevant for immunoglobulin glycosylation - analytical methods, biosynthesis and regulation, modulation of effector functions - it provides new perspectives for research and development in the field of therapeutic antibodies, biomarkers, vaccinations, and immunotherapy. Glycans attached to both variable and constant regions of antibodies are known to affect the antibody conformation, stability, and effector functions. Although it focuses on immunoglobulin G (IgG), the most explored antibody in this context, and unravels the natural phenomena resulting from the mixture of IgG glycovariants present in the human body, the book also discusses other classes of human immunoglobulins, as well as immunoglobulins produced in other species and production systems. Further, it reviews the glycoanalytical methods applied to antibodies and addresses a range of less commonly explored topics, such as automatization and bioinformatics aspects of high-throughput antibody glycosylation analysis. Lastly, the book highlights application areas ranging from the ones already benefitting from antibody glycoengineering (such as monoclonal antibody production), to those still in the research stages (such as exploration of antibody glycosylation as a clinical or biological age biomarker), and the potential use of antibody glycosylation in the optimization of vaccine production and immunization protocols. Summarizing the current knowledge on the broad topic of antibody glycosylation and its therapeutic and biomarker potential, this book will appeal to a wide biomedical readership in academia and industry alike. Chapter 4 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Current Trends in Monoclonal Antibody Development and Manufacturing

Current Trends in Monoclonal Antibody Development and Manufacturing Book
Author : Steven J. Shire,Wayne Gombotz,Karoline Bechtold-Peters,James Andya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-11
ISBN : 9780387766430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monoclonal antibodies represent one of the fastest growing areas of new drug development within the pharmaceutical industry. Several blockbuster products have been approved over the past several years including Rituxan, Remicade, Avastin, Humira, and Herceptin. In addition, over 300 new drugs are currently in clinical trials. With both large, established biotechnology companies and small start-ups involved in the development of this important class of molecules, monoclonal antibodies products will become increasingly prevalent over the next decade. Recently the regulatory review of monoclonal antibodies has been moved from Center for Biologics and Research to the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) division of the US Food and Drug Administration. It is anticipated that CDER will expect a certain minimal amount of data to be provided as more of these products move through the regulatory pipeline. Current Trends in Monoclonal Antibody Development and Manufacturing will provide readers with an understanding of what is currently being done in the industry to develop, manufacture, and release monoclonal antibody products and what will be required for a successful regulatory submission.

The Antibody Molecule

The Antibody Molecule Book
Author : Anthony R. Rees
Publisher : Oxford Medical Histories
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0199646570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'The Antibody Molecule' is a beautifully illustrated review of the remarkable developments within immunology from the discovery of the antibody molecule to its exploitation in medicine and the scientists and pioneers who were involved. This engaging and authoritative history will appeal to a wide audience

Janeway s Immunobiology

Janeway s Immunobiology Book
Author : Kenneth Murphy,Paul Travers,Mark Walport,Peter Walter
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2010-06-22
ISBN : 9780815344575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Janeway's Immunobiology CD-ROM, Immunobiology Interactive, is included with each book, and can be purchased separately. It contains animations and videos with voiceover narration, as well as the figures from the text for presentation purposes.

Antibody Expression and Production

Antibody Expression and Production Book
Author : Mohamed Al-Rubeai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-16
ISBN : 940071257X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineered antibodies currently represent over 30% of biopharmaceuticals in clinical trials and their total worldwide sales continue to increase significantly. The importance of antibody applications is reflected in their increasing clinical and industrial applications as well as in the progression of established and emerging production strategies. This volume provides detailed coverage of the generation, optimization, characterization, production and applications of antibody. It provides the necessary theoretical background and description of methods for the expression of antibody in microbial and animal cell cultures and in transgenic animals and plants. There is a strong focus on those issues related to the production of intrabodies, bispecific antibody and antibody fragments and also to novel applications in cancer immunotherapy.