Skip to main content

Antibiotics And Antimicrobial Resistance Genes In The Environment

In Order to Read Online or Download Antibiotics And Antimicrobial Resistance Genes In The Environment Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in the Environment

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in the Environment Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 0128188839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes (AMR) in the Environment summarizes and updates information on antibiotic producing organisms and their resistance and entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment. As antibiotic use continues to rise in healthcare, their fate, bioavailability and biomonitoring, and impacts on environment and public health are becoming increasingly important. The book addresses the impact of antibiotics and AMR to environment and public health and risk assessment. Moreover, it focused on the metagenomics and molecular techniques for the detection of antibiotics and antimicrobial genes. Lastly, it introduces management strategies, such as treatment technologies for managing antibiotics and AMR/ARGs-impacted environment, and bioremediation approaches. Summarizes and updates information on antibiotics and AMR/ARGs production and its fate and transport in the environment Includes phytoremediation and bioremediation technologies for environmental management Provides analysis of risk assessment of antibiotic resistance genes to help understand the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-07
ISBN : 3030404226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume summarizes and updates information about antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)/antibiotic resistant genes (ARG) production, including their entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment, their use in hospital and associated waste, global and temporal trends in use and spread of antibiotics, AMR and ARG. Antimicrobial/antibiotic resistance genes due to manure and agricultural waste applications, bioavailability, biomonitoring, and their Epidemiological, ecological and public health effects. The book addresses the antibiotic and AMR/ARG risk assessment and treatment technologies, for managing antibiotics and AMR/ARG impacted environments The book's expert contributions span 20 chapters, and offer a comprehensive framework for better understanding and analyzing the environmental and social impacts of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs. Readers will have access to recent and updated models regarding the interpretation of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs in environment and biomonitoring studies, and will learn about the management options require to appropriately mitigate environmental contaminants and pollution. The book will be of interest to students, teachers, researchers, policy makers and environmental organizations.

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Patricia L. Keen,Mark H. M. M. Montforts
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-11-30
ISBN : 1118156234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Examines effects of the environmental distribution ofantimicrobial resistance genes on human health and theecosystem Resistance genes are everywhere in nature—in pathogens,commensals, and environmental microorganisms. This contributed workshows how the environment plays a pivotal role in the developmentof antimicrobial resistance traits in bacteria and the distributionof resistant microbial species, resistant genetic material, andantibiotic compounds. Readers will discover the impact of thedistribution in the environment of antimicrobial resistance genesand antibiotics on both the ecosystem and human and animalhealth. Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment is divided into fourparts: Part I, Sources, including ecological and clinical consequencesof antibiotic resistance by environmental microbes Part II, Fate, including strategies to assess and minimize thebiological risk of antibiotic resistance in the environment Part III, Antimicrobial Substances and Resistance, includingantibiotics in the aquatic environment Part IV, Effects and Risks, including the effect ofantimicrobials used for non-human purposes on human health Recognizing the intricate links among overlapping complexsystems, this book examines antimicrobial resistance using acomprehensive ecosystem approach. Moreover, the book'smultidisciplinary framework applies principles of microbiology,environmental toxicology, and chemistry to assess the human andecological risks associated with exposure to antibiotics orantibiotic resistance genes that are environmentalcontaminants. Each chapter has been written by one or more leading researchersin such fields as microbiology, environmental science, ecology, andtoxicology. Comprehensive reference lists at the end of allchapters serve as a gateway to the primary research in thefield. Presenting and analyzing the latest findings in a field ofgrowing importance to human and environmental health, this textoffers readers new insights into the role of the environment inantimicrobial resistance development, the dissemination ofantimicrobial resistant genetic elements, and the transport ofantibiotic resistance genes and antibiotics.

Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance

Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance Book
Author : Jun Lin,Kunihiko Nishino,Marilyn C. Roberts,Marcelo Tolmasky,Rustam I. Aminov,Lixin Zhang
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 2889195260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Antibiotics represent one of the most successful forms of therapy in medicine. But the efficiency of antibiotics is compromised by the growing number of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Antibiotic resistance, which is implicated in elevated morbidity and mortality rates as well as in the increased treatment costs, is considered to be one of the major global public health threats (www.who.int/drugresistance/en/) and the magnitude of the problem recently prompted a number of international and national bodies to take actions to protect the public (http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/docs/road-map-amr_en.pdf: http://www.who.int/drugresistance/amr_global_action_plan/en/; http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/carb_national_strategy.pdf). Understanding the mechanisms by which bacteria successfully defend themselves against the antibiotic assault represent the main theme of this eBook published as a Research Topic in Frontiers in Microbiology, section of Antimicrobials, Resistance, and Chemotherapy. The articles in the eBook update the reader on various aspects and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance. A better understanding of these mechanisms should facilitate the development of means to potentiate the efficacy and increase the lifespan of antibiotics while minimizing the emergence of antibiotic resistance among pathogens.

Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment

Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Célia M. Manaia,Erica Donner,Ivone Vaz-Moreira,Peiying Hong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 3030550656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book provides a multidisciplinary review of antibiotic resistance and unravels the complex and interrelated roles of environmental sources, including pharmaceutical industry effluents, hospital and domestic effluents, wildlife and drinking water. Antibiotic resistance is a global public health issue in which the interface between humans, animals and the environment is particularly relevant. The contrasts seen across different environmental compartments and world regions, which are due to climate, social and policy differences, mean that this problem needs to be analyzed from a multi-geographic and multi-cultural angle. Bringing together contributions from researchers on different continents with expertise in antibiotic resistance in a range of different environmental compartments, the book offers a detailed reflection on the paths that make antibiotic resistance a global threat, and the state-of- the-art in antibiotic resistance surveillance and risk assessment in complex environmental matrices.

Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment

Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Carlos F. Amabile-Cuevas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-12-30
ISBN : 1315679418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The presence of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance genes, and antibiotic resistant bacteria in the environment (i.e., outside of clinical settings, such as antibiotic-treated patients or antibiotic-impregnated locations, such as hospitals) is a cause of growing worldwide concern, as it reveals the extensive impact of antibiotic abuse and other huma

Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Natural Environments and Long term Effects

Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Natural Environments and Long term Effects Book
Author : Salvador Mirete,Marcos López Pérez
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781536118186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Over the past 70 years, antibiotic therapy has been successfully used to combat infectious diseases. Nevertheless, the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a phenomenon that can plague the effectiveness of the antibiotics employed, which represents a major concern for human and animal health with important socio-economic consequences. Traditionally, most investigations on antibiotic resistance were conducted almost exclusively in the clinical setting. However, now it is well accepted that the current antibiotic resistance found in human pathogens originated from environmental microbes by means of a horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. The present book aims to focus on the importance of natural environments as diverse as rivers, soils and glaciers for the evolution, maintenance and dissemination of resistance genes. Therefore, the chapters included in this volume will be of interest to those scientists, technologists and graduate students involved in the study of antibiotic resistance from an environmental point of view. Also, it is hoped that the issues addressed in this book will serve to better evaluate the implications of these genes in the formulation of public health policies and strategies. These policies and strategies will then be used to reduce the risks of antibiotic resistance in clinical and nonclinical settings.

Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : Anthony R.M. Coates
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-23
ISBN : 3642289509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book describes antibiotic resistance amongst pathogenic bacteria. It starts with an overview of the erosion of the efficacy of antibiotics by resistance and the decrease in the rate of replacement of redundant compounds. The origins of antibiotic resistance are then described. It is proposed that there is a large bacterial resistome which is a collection of all resistance genes and their precursors in both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. Ongoing resistance surveillance programs are also discussed, together with the perspective of a clinical microbiologist. The book then turns to specific themes such as the most serious area of resistance in pathogens, namely in Gram-negative organisms. The role of combinations of antibiotics in combating resistance emergence is discussed, particularly in the tuberculosis field, and then the importance of non-multiplying and persistent bacteria which are phenotypically resistant to antibiotics and prolong the duration of therapy of antibiotics which leads to poor compliance and resistance emergence. The role of anti-microbial compounds in textiles is covered, with its potential to exacerbate the spread of resistance. Then, efflux pumps are discussed. The final chapter describes the compounds which are in late stage clinical development, illustrating the paucity of the antibiotic pipeline, especially for Gram-negative bacteria.

The multiple roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in nature

The multiple roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in nature Book
Author : Fiona Walsh
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-05-15
ISBN : 2889195252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance have most commonly been viewed in the context of human use and effects. However, both have co-existed in nature for millennia. Recently the roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes have started to be discussed in terms of functions other than bacterial inhibition and protection. This special topic will focus on both the traditional role of antibiotics as warfare mechanisms and their alternative roles and uses within nature such as antibiotics as signals or communication mechanisms, antibiotic selection at low concentrations, the non-specific role of resistance mechanisms in nature: e.g. efflux pumps, evolution of antibiotic resistance and the role of persisters in natural antibiotic resistance.

Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : Adriel R. Bonilla,Kaden P. Muniz
Publisher : Nova Biomedical Books
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Antibiotic resistance is the ability of a micro-organism to withstand the effects of antibiotics. There are three mechanisms that can cause antibiotic resistance: prevention of interaction of drug with target, decreased uptake due to either an increased efflux or a decreased influx of the antimicrobial agent and enzymatic modification or destruction of the compound. In the past couple years, antibiotic resistance has become an increasing public health concern. Tuberculosis, gonorrhoea, malaria and childhood ear infections are just a few of the diseases that have become hard to treat with antibiotic drugs. This book addresses the concern that over the past few years, there has been a major rise in resistance to antibiotics among gram-negative bacteria. New antibacterial drugs with novel modes of actions are urgently required in order to fight against infection. Novel antibiotics such as linezolid, carbapenem ertapenem, daptomycin and gemifloxacin are examined in this book. The genetic approaches used in risk assessment of antibiotic resistance dissemination are looked at as well. Furthermore, this book discusses the present studies on the use of veterinary antibiotics in agriculture, on the occurrence of antibiotic compounds and resistant bacteria in soil and water and clearly demonstrates the need for further studies.

Antibiotic Resistance Genes

Antibiotic Resistance Genes Book
Author : Stuart B. Levy,Richard P. Novick
Publisher : Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Antibiotic Resistance Genes book written by Stuart B. Levy,Richard P. Novick, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antibiotic Drug Resistance

Antibiotic Drug Resistance Book
Author : José-Luis Capelo-Martínez,Gilberto Igrejas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-09-24
ISBN : 1119282527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents a thorough and authoritative overview of the multifaceted field of antibiotic science – offering guidance to translate research into tools for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases. Provides readers with knowledge about the broad field of drug resistance Offers guidance to translate research into tools for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases Links strategies to analyze microbes to the development of new drugs, socioeconomic impacts to therapeutic strategies, and public policies to antibiotic-resistance-prevention strategies

ASM News

ASM News Book
Author : American Society for Microbiology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download ASM News book written by American Society for Microbiology, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters

Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters Book
Author : Karina Yew-Hoong Gin,Charmaine Ng
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 3038976083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This Special Issue on Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters features 11 articles on the monitoring and surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in natural aquatic systems (i.e., reservoirs, rivers), and effluent discharge from water treatment plants to assess the effectiveness of AMR removal and resulting loads in treated waters. Some of the key elements of AMR studies presented in this Special Issue highlight the underlying drivers of AMR contamination in the environment and the evaluation of the hazard imposed on aquatic organisms in receiving environments through ecological risk assessments. As described in this Issue, screening antimicrobial peptide (AMP) libraries for biofilm disruption and antimicrobial candidates are promising avenues for the development of new treatment options to eradicate resistance.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Applied and Environmental Microbiology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Applied and Environmental Microbiology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antibiotic Resistance Protocols

Antibiotic Resistance Protocols Book
Author : Stephen H. Gillespie,Timothy D. McHugh
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2010-04-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book fully updates and builds upon its first edition. Beginning with chapters on epidemiology and population genetics, it continues with sections covering genomics and gene expressions, fitness mutation and physiology, and the detection of resistance.

Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : CIBA Foundation Symposium
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1997-06-19
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Antibiotic Resistance: Origins, Evolution, Selection and Spread Chairman: Stuart B. Levy, 1997 Over the last 50 years, the rapid increase in the use of antibiotics, not only in people, but also in animal husbandry and agriculture, has delivered a selection unprecedented in the history of evolution. Consequently, society is facing one of its gravest public health problems-the emergence of infectious bacteria with resistance to many, and in some cases all, available antibiotics. This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of experts to discuss this problem. It begins by examining the origins of resistance and goes on to look at how the use of antibiotics in human medicine and farming/agriculture has selected for resistant bacteria. Separate chapters describe the evolution of resistance determinants and how these are spread both within and between bacterial species. Finally, the book contains discussions on strategies for countering the threat of antibiotic resistance. A major re-thinking of our approach to the treatment of infectious diseases is proposed-that antibiotic resistance should be seen as a problem created by the disruption of normal microbial ecology. To restore efficacy to earlier antibiotics, and to maintain the success of new antibiotics that are introduced, we need to use these drugs in a way that ensures an ecological balance that favours the predominance of susceptible bacteria.

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance Approaches Issues and Challenges to Overcome

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance  Approaches  Issues  and Challenges to Overcome Book
Author : Gilberto Igrejas,José Luis Capelo,Alexandre Gonçalves,Patrícia Poeta
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-03-29
ISBN : 2889451410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Why Antibiotic Resistance? The use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine may have consequences beyond their intended applications. The “One Health” concept recognizes that the health of humans is connected to the health of animals and the environment. Progress in molecular genetics is facilitating the rapid evaluation of the essentiality of these targets on a genomic scale. In 2015, a group of researchers established the International Conference on Antibiotic Resistance (IC2AR).The primary objective of this meeting is to bring together scientists involved in antibiotic resistance prevention and control. The IC2AR conducted its inaugural world congress in January 2015 at Caparica (Portugal). Antimicrobial resistance presents a significant challenge to scientists in the field of infectious diseases. The full knowledge of how antibiotics resistance is evolving and being transmitted between hosts in different ecosystems is taking on great importance. Necessary action includes research to define the scope of the problem including its various sources. This eBook comprises a series of original research and review articles dealing with the epidemiology of resistance in animal and zoonotic pathogens, mobile elements containing resistance genes, the omics of antimicrobial resistance, emerging antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, control of resistant infections, establishing antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance systems, and alternatives strategies to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Gilberto Igrejas, José Luis Capelo and Patrícia Poeta Scientific Committee of IC2AR, February 20th, 2017

Recent Advances in Marine Biotechnology Vol 10

Recent Advances in Marine Biotechnology  Vol  10 Book
Author : Milton Fingerman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-01-10
ISBN : 9781578082971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book presents the most recent information on the molecular genetics of marine organisms. It provides the reader a major thrust toward a better understanding of the present state of research on the molecular genetics of marine organisms.