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Antibiotics And Antimicrobial Resistance Genes In The Environment

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Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment

Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Carlos F. Amabile-Cuevas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-12-30
ISBN : 1315679418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The presence of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance genes, and antibiotic resistant bacteria in the environment (i.e., outside of clinical settings, such as antibiotic-treated patients or antibiotic-impregnated locations, such as hospitals) is a cause of growing worldwide concern, as it reveals the extensive impact of antibiotic abuse and other huma

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Patricia L. Keen,Mark H. M. M. Montforts
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-24
ISBN : 0470905425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines effects of the environmental distribution of antimicrobial resistance genes on human health and the ecosystem Resistance genes are everywhere in nature?in pathogens, commensals, and environmental microorganisms. This contributed work shows how the environment plays a pivotal role in the development of antimicrobial resistance traits in bacteria and the distribution of resistant microbial species, resistant genetic material, and antibiotic compounds. Readers will discover the impact of the distribution in the environment of antimicrobial resistance genes and antibiotics on both the ecosystem and human and animal health. Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment is divided into four parts: Part I, Sources, including ecological and clinical consequences of antibiotic resistance by environmental microbes Part II, Fate, including strategies to assess and minimize the biological risk of antibiotic resistance in the environment Part III, Antimicrobial Substances and Resistance, including antibiotics in the aquatic environment Part IV, Effects and Risks, including the effect of antimicrobials used for non-human purposes on human health Recognizing the intricate links among overlapping complex systems, this book examines antimicrobial resistance using a comprehensive ecosystem approach. Moreover, the book's multidisciplinary framework applies principles of microbiology, environmental toxicology, and chemistry to assess the human and ecological risks associated with exposure to antibiotics or antibiotic resistance genes that are environmental contaminants. Each chapter has been written by one or more leading researchers in such fields as microbiology, environmental science, ecology, and toxicology. Comprehensive reference lists at the end of all chapters serve as a gateway to the primary research in the field. Presenting and analyzing the latest findings in a field of growing importance to human and environmental health, this text offers readers new insights into the role of the environment in antimicrobial resistance development, the dissemination of antimicrobial resistant genetic elements, and the transport of antibiotic resistance genes and antibiotics.

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in the Environment

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in the Environment Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 0128188839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes (AMR) in the Environment summarizes and updates information on antibiotic producing organisms and their resistance and entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment. As antibiotic use continues to rise in healthcare, their fate, bioavailability and biomonitoring, and impacts on environment and public health are becoming increasingly important. The book addresses the impact of antibiotics and AMR to environment and public health and risk assessment. Moreover, it focused on the metagenomics and molecular techniques for the detection of antibiotics and antimicrobial genes. Lastly, it introduces management strategies, such as treatment technologies for managing antibiotics and AMR/ARGs-impacted environment, and bioremediation approaches. Summarizes and updates information on antibiotics and AMR/ARGs production and its fate and transport in the environment Includes phytoremediation and bioremediation technologies for environmental management Provides analysis of risk assessment of antibiotic resistance genes to help understand the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-07
ISBN : 3030404226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes and updates information about antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)/antibiotic resistant genes (ARG) production, including their entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment, their use in hospital and associated waste, global and temporal trends in use and spread of antibiotics, AMR and ARG. Antimicrobial/antibiotic resistance genes due to manure and agricultural waste applications, bioavailability, biomonitoring, and their Epidemiological, ecological and public health effects. The book addresses the antibiotic and AMR/ARG risk assessment and treatment technologies, for managing antibiotics and AMR/ARG impacted environments The book's expert contributions span 20 chapters, and offer a comprehensive framework for better understanding and analyzing the environmental and social impacts of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs. Readers will have access to recent and updated models regarding the interpretation of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs in environment and biomonitoring studies, and will learn about the management options require to appropriately mitigate environmental contaminants and pollution. The book will be of interest to students, teachers, researchers, policy makers and environmental organizations.

Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment

Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Célia M. Manaia,Erica Donner,Ivone Vaz-Moreira,Peiying Hong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 3030550656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a multidisciplinary review of antibiotic resistance and unravels the complex and interrelated roles of environmental sources, including pharmaceutical industry effluents, hospital and domestic effluents, wildlife and drinking water. Antibiotic resistance is a global public health issue in which the interface between humans, animals and the environment is particularly relevant. The contrasts seen across different environmental compartments and world regions, which are due to climate, social and policy differences, mean that this problem needs to be analyzed from a multi-geographic and multi-cultural angle. Bringing together contributions from researchers on different continents with expertise in antibiotic resistance in a range of different environmental compartments, the book offers a detailed reflection on the paths that make antibiotic resistance a global threat, and the state-of- the-art in antibiotic resistance surveillance and risk assessment in complex environmental matrices.

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes

Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-04-22
ISBN : 9783030404246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes and updates information about antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance (AMR)/antibiotic resistant genes (ARG) production, including their entry routes in soil, air, water and sediment, their use in hospital and associated waste, global and temporal trends in use and spread of antibiotics, AMR and ARG. Antimicrobial/antibiotic resistance genes due to manure and agricultural waste applications, bioavailability, biomonitoring, and their Epidemiological, ecological and public health effects. The book addresses the antibiotic and AMR/ARG risk assessment and treatment technologies, for managing antibiotics and AMR/ARG impacted environments The book's expert contributions span 20 chapters, and offer a comprehensive framework for better understanding and analyzing the environmental and social impacts of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs. Readers will have access to recent and updated models regarding the interpretation of antibiotics and AMR/ARGs in environment and biomonitoring studies, and will learn about the management options require to appropriately mitigate environmental contaminants and pollution. The book will be of interest to students, teachers, researchers, policy makers and environmental organizations.

The multiple roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in nature

The multiple roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in nature Book
Author : Fiona Walsh
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-05-15
ISBN : 2889195252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance have most commonly been viewed in the context of human use and effects. However, both have co-existed in nature for millennia. Recently the roles of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes have started to be discussed in terms of functions other than bacterial inhibition and protection. This special topic will focus on both the traditional role of antibiotics as warfare mechanisms and their alternative roles and uses within nature such as antibiotics as signals or communication mechanisms, antibiotic selection at low concentrations, the non-specific role of resistance mechanisms in nature: e.g. efflux pumps, evolution of antibiotic resistance and the role of persisters in natural antibiotic resistance.

Role and prevalence of antibiosis and the related resistance genes in the environment

Role and prevalence of antibiosis and the related resistance genes in the environment Book
Author : Sylvie Nazaret,Rustam Aminov
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-05-13
ISBN : 288919521X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It becomes increasingly clear that the basis of antibiotic resistance problem among bacterial pathogens is not confined to the borders of clinical microbiology but has broader ecological and evolutionary associations. This Research Topic “Role and prevalence of antibiosis and the related resistance genes in the environment” in Frontiers in Microbiology, section Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy, presents the examples of occurrence and diversity of antibiotic resistance genes in the wide range of environments, from the grasslands of the Colombian Andes, to the dairy farms and small animal veterinary hospitals in the United Stated, and to the various environments of Continental Europe and Indochina. Besides, various genetic mechanisms and selection/co-selection factors contributing to the dissemination and maintenance of antibiotic resistance genes are presented. The topic is finalized by the mathematical modeling approach to access the probability of rare horizontal gene transfer events in bacterial populations

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance

Combating Antimicrobial Resistance Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-01-08
ISBN : 0309466520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As of 2017, the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance continues unabated around the world, leaving devastating health and economic outcomes in its wake. Those consequences will multiply if collaborative global action is not taken to address the spread of resistance. Major drivers of antimicrobial resistance in humans have been accelerated by inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in health care practices; the inappropriate use of antimicrobials in livestock; and the promulgation of antibiotic resistance genes in the environment. To explore the issue of antimicrobial resistance, the Forum of Microbial Threats planned a public workshop. Participants explored issues of antimicrobial resistance through the lens of One Health, which is a collaborative approach of multiple disciplines - working locally, nationally, and globally - for strengthening systems to counter infectious diseases and related issues that threaten human, animal, and environmental health, with an end point of improving global health and achieving gains in development. They also discussed immediate and short-term actions and research needs that will have the greatest effect on reducing antimicrobial resistance, while taking into account the complexities of bridging different sectors and disciplines to address this global threat. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance The New Complexity of the Problem

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance  The New Complexity of the Problem Book
Author : Gilberto Igrejas,José Luis Capelo,Carlos Lodiero,Patrícia Poeta
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 2889633802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In January of 2015, under the 1st International Caparica Conference in Antibiotic Resistance, a Research Topic entitled: “Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance: Approaches, Issues, and Challenges to overcome”, was published (http://journal.frontiersin.org/researchtopic/3763/surveying-antimicrobial-resistanceapproaches- issues-and-challenges-to-overcome). The problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), caused by excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics, is a public health issue that concerns us all. The introduction of penicillin in the 1940s, the start of the antibiotics era, has been recognized as one of the greatest advances in therapeutic medicine. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), AMR infections are now an increasing worldwide public health threat and a post-antibiotic era is imminent, where common infections and minor injuries could be fatal. AMR is a typical ‘One Health’ problem, in which livestock animals and the environment constitute AMR reservoirs and transmission routes to and from the human population. Without effective antimicrobials to counter and prevent infections, other major achievements in modern medicine, such as organ transplantation, cancer chemotherapy and major surgery, risk being compromised. AMR infections in animals have negative outcomes on animal health, welfare, biosecurity and production. In 2006, the ban of growth promoting antibiotics highlighted antibiotic use in animal production as a risk factor in the development of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Bacteria can be transferred to humans via several routes; consumption of animal products, exposure through contact with animals, and the contamination of ground and surface waters by animal waste products. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that antimicrobial use in animals is reduced to a minimum, without compromising animal health and welfare. Mechanisms of bacterial antibiotic resistance are classified according to the types of antibiotic molecules or their targets in the cell. Environmental antibiotic-resistance genes are spread then acquired by clinically relevant microorganisms. Many resistance genes are conveyed into pathogen genomes via mobile genetic elements such as plasmids, transposons or integrons, increasing the propagation of potential resistant pathogens. Substantial progress has already been made in elucidating the basic regulatory networks that endow bacteria with their extraordinary capacity to adapt to a diversity of lifestyles and external stress factors. So how will we face bacteria in the future?

Dissemination of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria and Plasmids Encoding Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Environment

Dissemination of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria and Plasmids Encoding Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Environment Book
Author : Teddie Onkabetse Rahube
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissemination of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria and Plasmids Encoding Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Environment book written by Teddie Onkabetse Rahube, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antibiotics and Antibiotics Resistance Genes in Soils

Antibiotics and Antibiotics Resistance Genes in Soils Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi,Vladimir Strezov,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 3319662600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding antibiotics and antibiotics resistance genes (ARGs) in the soil environment. It covers a wide range of topics to help readers understand antibiotics and ARGs in soils, the risks they pose for the environment, and options for effective control. In addition, it presents a range of essential tools and methodologies that can be used to address antibiotics and ARGs in a consistent, efficient, and cost-effective manner. Gathering contributions by international experts, the book addresses both theoretical aspects and practical applications.The topics discussed include antibiotics-producing microorganisms; the routes of entry and fate of antibiotics and resistance genes; biomonitoring approaches; dissemination of ARGs in soils; risk assessment; the impact of antibiotics and ARGs on the soil microbial community and other biota; bioremediation and biodegradation approaches; and soil management strategies for antibiotics and ARG-contaminated soils.As such, the book will be of interest to students, researchers and scholars in environmental science and engineering, toxicology, the medical and pharmaceutical sciences, environmental biotechnology, soil sciences, microbial ecology and plant biotechnology. Readers and Journals: 1. This new volume on antibiotics and antibiotics resistance genes (ARGs) in the soil environment will be of interest to students, researchers and scholars in environmental science and engineering, toxicology, the medical and pharmaceutical sciences, environmental biotechnology, soil sciences,microbial ecology and plant biotechnology. 2. The book will provide government authorities all over the world with effective strategies for the management of antibiotics and antibiotics resistance genes (ARG)- contaminated soil. 3. Gathering contributions by international experts,the book addresses both theoretical aspects and practical applications.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Wastewater Treatment Processes

Antimicrobial Resistance in Wastewater Treatment Processes Book
Author : Patricia L. Keen,Raphaël Fugà ̈re
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-09-26
ISBN : 1119192455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antimicrobial resistance is arguably the greatest threat to worldwide human health. This book evaluates the roles of human water use, treatment and conservation in the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Designed as a companion volume to Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012), this book is a multi-disciplinary synthesis of topics related to antimicrobial resistance and wastewater treatment processes. Antimicrobial Resistance in Wastewater Treatment Processes assembles detailed discussions written by many of the world's best-known experts in microbiology, civil engineering, chemistry, environmental science, public health and related fields. The book presents a collection of subjects that includes: Current knowledge of the role of the environment in development and spread of antimicrobial resistance Chemical analysis of antibiotics in environmental samples Molecular methods for analysis of antimicrobial resistance genes Advanced wastewater treatment processes and antimicrobial resistance effects Public perception of risk related to health consequences of antimicrobial resistance Public health implications of antimicrobial resistance with focus on wastewater treatment processes Antimicrobial resistance has gained a foothold in the global consciousness as a serious public health threat. There is a much greater appreciation for the role of the environment in the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance and the effects of pollutants that can potentially promote development of resistance in bacteria. Contaminants released from wastewater treatment plants are a concern. In Antimicrobial Resistance in Wastewater Treatment Processes, readers will be guided through examinations of the current science related to this important health issue.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters

Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters Book
Author : Karina Yew-Hoong Gin,Charmaine Ng
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-04-30
ISBN : 3038976083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue on Antimicrobial Resistance in Environmental Waters features 11 articles on the monitoring and surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in natural aquatic systems (i.e., reservoirs, rivers), and effluent discharge from water treatment plants to assess the effectiveness of AMR removal and resulting loads in treated waters. Some of the key elements of AMR studies presented in this Special Issue highlight the underlying drivers of AMR contamination in the environment and the evaluation of the hazard imposed on aquatic organisms in receiving environments through ecological risk assessments. As described in this Issue, screening antimicrobial peptide (AMP) libraries for biofilm disruption and antimicrobial candidates are promising avenues for the development of new treatment options to eradicate resistance.

Antimicrobials and Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

Antimicrobials and Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment Book
Author : Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg,Ashok J. Tamhankar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-06-15
ISBN : 9783039280308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Antimicrobials and Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment book written by Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg,Ashok J. Tamhankar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Microbes Fight Back

The Microbes Fight Back Book
Author : Laura Bowater
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-12-16
ISBN : 1782621679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotics are familiar drugs to us all, so familiar that we may take them for granted. They allow us to survive life-threatening infections, and allow us to protect the animals we farm for food. Many antibiotics have now become ineffective against common diseases, and there are few alternative treatments to replace them. In this topical book, Laura Bowater, Professor of Microbiology Education and Engagement at Norwich Medical School, considers the past, present and uncertain future of antibiotics. This book begins by looking back at how infectious diseases, such as smallpox and The Plague, were able to wreak havoc on populations before the discovery of the first antibiotics. These then revolutionised the medical world. In an engaging and accessible style, Professor Bowater takes the reader through how antibiotics are made, how bacteria are able to mutate and develop resistance and she explains why there is now a lack of new antibiotic drugs coming to market. What will a future of continued antibiotic resistance look like? How can human activities prevent the rise of ‘superbugs'? Professor Bowater highlights the need for universal cooperation in order to tackle this global health challenge, which, if not addressed, could transport us back to the medical dark ages.

Spore forming Bacteria as a Proxy for the Reconstruction of Past Environment and Possible Use for the Detection of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Environment

Spore forming Bacteria as a Proxy for the Reconstruction of Past Environment and Possible Use for the Detection of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Environment Book
Author : Christophe Paul
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Spore forming Bacteria as a Proxy for the Reconstruction of Past Environment and Possible Use for the Detection of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Environment book written by Christophe Paul, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Antimicrobial Movement from Agricultural Areas to the Environment

Antimicrobial Movement from Agricultural Areas to the Environment Book
Author : Food & Agriculture Organization
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)
Release : 2020-02-10
ISBN : 9789251316481
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been approached mainly from a human or animal health lens until now. This publication looks into the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant genes in the environment, especially as caused by movement from agricultural areas. It argues that global efforts to manage AMR must also consider how antibiotics and resistant bacteria spread through manufacturing run-off and human and animal waste. The presence of antimicrobials in the environment can affect both biodiversity (since resistant organisms may have evolutionary advantages) and the food chain (e.g. through the presence of resistant genes in microorganisms used for food production or cross-contamination during processing). Based on case studies, this paper proposes alternative screening methods useful for environmental samples and surveillance approaches for planning such screening efforts.

Antibiotic Drug Resistance

Antibiotic Drug Resistance Book
Author : José-Luis Capelo-Martínez,Gilberto Igrejas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-09-24
ISBN : 1119282527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a thorough and authoritative overview of the multifaceted field of antibiotic science – offering guidance to translate research into tools for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases. Provides readers with knowledge about the broad field of drug resistance Offers guidance to translate research into tools for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases Links strategies to analyze microbes to the development of new drugs, socioeconomic impacts to therapeutic strategies, and public policies to antibiotic-resistance-prevention strategies