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Antibiotic Materials In Healthcare

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Antibiotic Materials in Healthcare

Antibiotic Materials in Healthcare Book
Author : Kokkarachedu Varaprasad,Vimala Kanikireddy,Rotimi Sadiku
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-22
ISBN : 012822536X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotic Materials in Healthcare provides significant information on antibiotic related issues, accurate solutions, and recent investigative information for health-related applications. In addition, the book addresses the design and development of antibiotics with advanced (physical, chemical and biological) properties, an analysis of materials, in vivo and in vitro applications, and their biomedical applications for healthcare. Provides information on all aspects of antibiotic related issues Offers a balanced synthesis of basic and clinical science for each individual case, presenting clinical courses and detailed microbiological information for each infection Describes the prevalence and incidence of global issues and current therapeutic approaches

Handbook of Research on Nano Strategies for Combatting Antimicrobial Resistance and Cancer

Handbook of Research on Nano Strategies for Combatting Antimicrobial Resistance and Cancer Book
Author : Saravanan, Muthupandian,Gopinath, Venkatraman,Deekonda, Karthik
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-02-12
ISBN : 1799850501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multidrug-resistant bacteria play a significant role in public health by destroying the potency of existing antibiotics. Meanwhile, cancer remains one of the most common health problems that impact society, resulting in many deaths worldwide. Novel strategies are required to combat antimicrobial resistance and create efficient anticancer drugs that could revolutionize treatment. Nanomedicine is one such innovation that plays a significant role in developing alternative and more effective treatment strategies for antimicrobial resistance and cancer theranostics. The Handbook of Research on Nano-Strategies for Combatting Antimicrobial Resistance and Cancer is an essential scholarly resource that examines (1) how to overcome the existing, traditional approaches to combat antimicrobial resistance and cancer; (2) how to apply multiple mechanisms to target the cancer cells and microbes; and (3) how the nanomaterials can be used as carriers. Featuring a range of topics such as bacteriophage, nanomedicine, and oncology, this book is ideal for molecular biologists, microbiologists, nanotechnologists, academicians, chemists, pharmacists, oncologists, researchers, healthcare professionals, and students.

Silver in Healthcare

Silver in Healthcare Book
Author : Alan B. G. Lansdown
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010-05-07
ISBN : 1849731799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silver in healthcare has many different facets and since the early concepts of microbiology of the 1880's, has been developed from usage in surgical clips, staples, foil wound dressings and surgical implants, to the widespread and clinically effective antiseptic wound dressings, sutures, catheters, bone and dental implants, and cardiovascular devices of today. From the dawn of human civilisation, silver has had a role of water purification and even now has a role in hospital water systems for control of MRSA and legionnaires disease. Biotechnological advances in recent years have extended the antimicrobial properties of silver into production of hygiene textiles and use in domestic products. Important advances have been made in understanding mechanisms of antimicrobial action of silver, the central importance of ionisation patterns in the presence of body fluids and secretion, and the genetical and molecular profiles of silver resistance. This publication is a comprehensive account of the history of silver in medicine, its clinical benefits and wide advantages as a broad spectrum antimicrobial agent. It is clear from the extensive array of publications in recognised and unofficial press, that many misconceptions and misleading conceptions have been perpetuated, leading to errors in evaluation of the safety of the metal in occupational, domestic and therapeutic situations. The book is unique in that it is the only comprehensive presentation of the toxicology of silver and it identifies the major misconceptions in the safety of silver and interpretation of argyria and argyrosis as central features of silver toxicity. In this book, Dr Lansdown reviews the literature from a clinical and experimental viewpoint, with the benefit of his many years research on silver and experience gained in working with clinicians, healthcare product manufacturers and microbiologists. There is also discussion in the book on the relevance of antimicrobial resistance to silver and deficiencies in present day clinical practice in not evaluating incidences of resistance on a routine basis. The subject matter is presented in a readable fashion and includes reference to use of the metal in such practices as acupuncture and treatment of tropical diseases as practised in some parts of the world, each of which is accompanied by special clinical risk. It is also a collation of current views on the use and efficacy of silver as a broad spectrum antibiotic. The chapters which deal specifically with toxicological aspects of silver in clinical, occupational and environmental issues are central to the book's value. The book is aimed at clinicians, research scientists and product manufacturers and will provide ideas for new research and academic endeavour. It is also essential reading for research students with an interest in metal toxicity and its management in mammalian tissues.

Assisted Phytoremediation

Assisted Phytoremediation Book
Author : Vimal Chandra Pandey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-21
ISBN : 0128230835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assisted Phytoremediaion covers a wide range of uses of plants for remediation of environmental pollutants. It includes coverage of such techniques as root engineering, transgenic plants, increasing the biomass, use of genetic engineering and genome editing technology for rapid phytoremediation of pollutants. In order to improve the efficiency of plant remediation, genetic engineering plays a vital role in the overexpression of genes or gene clusters, which are responsible for degradation and uptake of pollutants. The book presents state-of-the-art techniques of assisted phytoremediation to better manage soil and water pollution in large amounts. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, students, and engineers in environmental science and bioengineering, with case studies and state-of-the-art research from eminent global scientists. This book serves as an excellent basis from which scientific knowledge can grow and widen in the field of environmental remediation. Provides a clear picture of how to design, tune, and implement assisted phytoremediation techniques Offers a comprehensive analysis of current perspective and state-of-the-art applications of assisted phytoremediation Introduces the potential of genetic engineering as a rapid, cost-effective technology for environmental remediation using plants

Medical and Healthcare Textiles

Medical and Healthcare Textiles Book
Author : Subhash C. Anand,J F Kennedy,M Miraftab,Subbiyan Rajendran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-15
ISBN : 0857090348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical textiles remain one of the most dynamic areas of research in textiles. Medical and healthcare textiles is the fourth in a series of conferences held at the University of Bolton. Like its predecessors, it has attracted papers from some of the leading international centres of expertise in the field. Contributors cover a range of topics including emerging textile-based biomaterials, hygienic textiles, the use of textiles in infection control and as barrier materials, bandaging and pressure garments for managing chronic infections such as ulcers, the role of textiles in the management of burns and wounds, textile-based implantable devices such as tissue scaffolds and sutures, and intelligent textiles. Provides a comprehensive overview of medical textiles from the risk of infection control and barrier materials through to directives, regulations and standards shaping the medical device industry Explores developments in healthcare and hygiene products, including odor and pH control as well as protective and disposable fabrics Reviews development in the area of implantable materials featuring vascular grafts, knee implants and scaffolds

Metal Oxides for Biomedical and Biosensor Applications

Metal Oxides for Biomedical and Biosensor Applications Book
Author : Kunal Mondal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-10
ISBN : 0128230584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides for Biomedical and Biosensor Applications gives an in-depth overview of the emerging research in the biomedical and biosensing applications of metal oxides, including optimization of their surface and bulk properties. Sections cover biomedical applications of metal oxides for use in cell cultures, antibacterial and antimicrobial treatments, dental applications, drug delivery, cancer therapy, immunotherapy, photothermal therapy, tissue engineering, and metal oxide-based biosensor development. As advanced and biofunctionalized nano/micro structured metal oxides are finding applications in microfluidics, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, DNA-based biosensing, imaging, diagnosis and analysis, this book provides a comprehensive update on the topic. Additional sections cover research challenges, technology limitations, and future trends in metal oxides and their composites regarding their usage in biomedical applications. Includes an overview of the important applications of metal oxides for biomedical and biosensing technologies Addresses the relationship between material properties, such as structure, morphology, composition and performance Reviews the design and fabrication strategies of metal oxides for use in medical and biosensing applications

Antibiotic Resistance and the Threat to Public Health

Antibiotic Resistance and the Threat to Public Health Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Antibiotic Resistance and the Threat to Public Health book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biodegradation and Biodeterioration at the Nanoscale

Biodegradation and Biodeterioration at the Nanoscale Book
Author : Hafiz M.N. Iqbal,Muhammad Bilal,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Ghulam Yasin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-08
ISBN : 0128241799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodegradation and Biodeterioration at the Nanoscale describes the biodegradation and biodeterioration of materials in the presence of nanomaterials. The book's chapters focus on the basic principles, action mechanisms and promising applications of advanced nanomaterials, along with their integration with biotechnological processes for controlled degradation and deterioration of materials. In addition, the current research indications, positive or negative environmental impacts, legislation and future directions are also discussed. This book is an important reference source for researchers, engineers and scientists working in environmental remediation, biotechnology, materials science, corrosion and nanotechnology. Provides detailed coverage on how nano-biomaterials degrade and deteriorate Compares how different types of bionanomaterials decompose Explains how the priorities of bionanomaterials affect their deterioration rate

Acrylic Polymers in Healthcare

Acrylic Polymers in Healthcare Book
Author : Boreddy Reddy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-11-02
ISBN : 9535135937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on Acrylic Polymers for Healthcare presents eight chapters organised into three parts by providing new ideas in design, synthesis and a detailed study of new acrylate materials in healthcare applications. Part I represents Chapters 1, 2, 3 and 4 focussing on toning up of technologies for making dental dentures with better properties. Part II comprises Chapters 5 and 6 dealing with synthetic polymer-based nanoparticles as intelligent drug delivery systems and bismuth nanoparticles for improved green light emission. Part III represents Chapters 7 and 8 describing the aspects of mitigation of acrylamide in foods in the context of an African perspective and the importance of acrylic-based polymeric adsorbents so that the reader can get an idea about the various types and forms of polymeric materials used for the removal of heavy metals from water.

Antimicrobial Anti Infective Materials

Antimicrobial Anti Infective Materials Book
Author : Samuel P. Sawan,Gurusamy Manivannan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-12-10
ISBN : 1482293943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As our consciousness of microbes increases, it appears that our desire to control our interactions with germs also increases in proportion. This is clearly demonstrated by examining the incredible growth in the number and sales volume of consumer products with antimicrobial claims. In the medical field as well, there is much interest in the use of

Nanostructured Coatings for Controlling Bacterial Biofilms and Antibiotic Resistance

Nanostructured Coatings for Controlling Bacterial Biofilms and Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : Kristina Dimitrova Ivanova
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The accelerated emergence of drug resistant bacteria is one of the most serious problems in healthcare and the difficulties in finding new antibiotics make it even more challenging. To overcome the action of antibiotics bacteria develop effective resistance mechanisms including the formation of biofilms. Biofilms are bacterial communities of cells embedded in a self-produced polymeric matrix commonly found on medical devices such as indwelling catheters. When pathogens adopt this mode of growth on the surface, they effectively circumvent host immune defences and antibiotic therapy, causing severe and life threatening infections. This thesis focuses on the development of advanced nanoscale materials and coatings for controlling bacterial biofilms and the emergence of drug resistance. To this end, acylase and amylase enzymes degrading essential for the biofilm growth components, were innovatively combined into hybrid nanocoatings to impart antibiofilm functionalities onto indwelling medical devices. Alternatively, ultrasound-assisted nanotransformation of antimicrobials was used as a tool for enhancing their antibacterial efficacy and overcoming the intrinsic drug resistant mechanisms in Gram-negative bacteria. These strategies offer new perspectives for prevention and treatment of biofilm infections, limiting the selection and spread of antibiotic resistance. The first part of the thesis describes the building of enzyme multilayer coatings able to interfere with bacterial quorum sensing (QS) and prevent biofilm establishment on silicone urinary catheters. This was achieved by alternate deposition of negatively charged acylase and oppositely charged polyethylenimine in a Layer-by-Layer (LbL) fashion. The acylase-coated catheters degraded bacterial signalling molecules and inhibited the QS process of Gram-negative bacteria. These coatings also significantly reduced the biofilm growth on urinary catheters under conditions mimicking the real situation in catheterised patients, without affecting the human cells viability. Acylase was further combined with the matrix degrading amylase enzyme into hybrid multilayer coatings able to interfere simultaneously with bacterial QS signals and biofilm integrity. The LbL assembly of both enzymes into hybrid nanocoatings resulted in stronger biofilm inhibition as a function of acylase or amylase location in the multi-layer coating. Hybrid nanocoatings with the QS inhibiting acylase as outermost layer reduced the occurrence of single and multi-species biofilms on silicone catheters in vitro and in an in vivo animal model. The thesis also reports on the efficacy of nanomaterials for prevention and eradication of antibiotic resistant biofilms. Multilayer assemblies that contain in their structure and release on demand antibacterial polycationic nanospheres (NSs) were engineered on silicone surfaces. A polycationic aminocellulose (AC) conjugate was first transformed into NSs with enhanced bactericidal activity and then combined with hyaluronic acid to build bacteria-responsive layers on silicone material. When challenged with bacteria these multilayers disassembled gradually inhibiting both planktonic and biofilm modes of bacterial growth. The same AC NSs were also covalently immobilised on silicone material using epoxy-amine conjugation chemistry. The intact NSs on the silicone material were able to inhibit bacterial biofilm growth, suggesting the potential of epoxy-amine curing reaction for generation of stable non-leaching coatings on silicone-based medical devices. Finally, ultrasound-assisted nanotransformation of penicillin G was used as a strategy to boost its activity towards bacteria. The efficient penetration of the NSs within a biomimetic membranes sustained the theory that they may reach the periplasmic space in Gram-negative bacteria and exert their bactericidal activity "unrecognised" as a threat by bacteria for selection of resistance.

Antibiotic Resistance AR

Antibiotic Resistance  AR  Book
Author : Marcia Crosse
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2011-10-01
ISBN : 1437988571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infections that were once treatable have become more difficult to treat because of AR. AR is accelerated by inappropriate antibiotic use in people. Questions have been raised about whether agencies such as the Dept. of Health and Human Services (HHS) have adequately assessed the effects of antibiotic use and disposal on resistance in humans. This report: (1) describes fed. efforts to quantify the amount of antibiotics produced; (2) evaluates HHS's monitoring of antibiotic use and efforts to promote appropriate use; (3) examines HHS's monitoring of AR infections; and (4) describes fed. efforts to monitor antibiotic disposal and antibiotics in the environ. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand report.

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials Book
Author : Pedro Costa,Carlos M Costa,Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-19
ISBN : 0128185023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials presents the current state-of-the-art on multifunctional materials research, focusing on different morphologies and their preparation and applications. The book emphasizes recent advances on these types of materials as well as their application. Chapters cover porous multifunctional materials, thermochromic and thermoelectric materials, shape memory materials, piezoelectric multifunctional materials, electrochromic and electrorheological, soft materials, magnetic and photochromic materials, and more. The book will be a valuable reference resource for academic researchers and industrial engineers working in the design and manufacture of multifunctional materials, composites and nanocomposites. Provides detailed information on design, modeling and structural applications Focuses on characteristics, processing, design and applications Discusses the main types of lightweight multifunctional materials and processing techniques, as well as the physico-chemical insights that can lead to improved performance

Bio Based Materials as Applicable Accessible and Affordable Healthcare Solutions

Bio Based Materials as Applicable  Accessible  and Affordable Healthcare Solutions Book
Author : Adam A. Tracy,Sujata K. Bhatia,Krish W. Ramadurai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-03
ISBN : 3319693263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa and a region in the lowest income group per capita, is used to demonstrate the potential for healthcare reorganization and collaboration with the introduction of “successful” technologies centered around available, bio-compatible, and sustainable natural resources. Our book discusses three of the top killers of children under 5 years of age in Nigeria, pneumonia (20%), diarrheal diseases (15%), and traumatic injuries (4%). These conditions are used as examples to demonstrate the potential for improved pediatric outcomes with treatments engineered from sustainable and natural resources. Furthermore, this book outlines possible action items that can help drive economic growth, educational opportunities, collaborative outreach, and workforce productivity to build a healthy and sustainable community. Medical technology in the industrialized world has seen rapid advancements leading to increased survival and greater patient outcomes. However, the development and implementation of these resources is not always applicable to regions in need of new and more basic ways to provide treatment. Moore’s Law, a paradigm that considers advancement synonymous with increased digitization and optimization of electronic processes, defines the history of technology. However, the functionality of advanced and “smart” technology is essentially useless in underdeveloped areas. These regions lack some of the basic requirements for innovative medical technologies to impact human health, such as electricity, access to spare parts, computer analysis tools, and network architecture. In addition, the poor physical infrastructure, insufficient management, and lack of technical culture are barriers for entry and sustainability of these technologies. Rather than importing medical devices from industrialized countries, we propose that the mindset and research focus for under developed areas must be on “successful” technologies. Simply put, these areas need technology that “gets the job done.”

Electrospun Materials and Their Allied Applications

Electrospun Materials and Their Allied Applications Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-05-27
ISBN : 1119654866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to explore the history, fundamentals, manufacturing processes, optimization parameters, and applications of electrospun materials. The book includes various types of electrospun materials such as antimicrobial, smart, bioinspired systems. It focuses on the many application areas for electrospun materials such as energy storage and harvesting, catalysis, biomedical including gene delivery and tissue engineering, separation, adsorption and water treatment technologies, packaging. The book emphasizes the enhanced sustainable properties of electrospun materials, with the challenges and future developments being discussed in detail. The chapters are written by top-class researchers and experts from throughout the world.

Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare

Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare Book
Author : Subhash C. Anand,J F Kennedy,M Miraftab,Subbiyan Rajendran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-30
ISBN : 1845694104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical textiles are a major growth area within the technical textiles industry and the range of applications continues to grow and increase in diversity with every new development. Recent innovations include novel chitosan-alginate fibres for advanced wound dressings, ultrasonic energy for bleaching cotton medical textiles, durable and rechargeable biocidal textiles, spider silk supportive matrix for cartilage regeneration, barbed bi-directional surgical sutures and intelligent textiles for medical applications. Medical textiles and biomaterials for healthcare is a culmination of the worldwide research into medical textiles and biomaterials. It is divided into eight parts covering the main areas of basic biomaterials, healthcare and hygiene products, infection control and barrier materials, bandaging and pressure garments, woundcare materials, implantable and medical devices and smart technologies. Each part contains a comprehensive overview written by leading experts in the area. The overviews are then followed by a selection of the best papers from the 2003 MEDTEX Conference, hosted by the University of Bolton. It has been extensively edited to produce what is expected to be the leading reference on this subject. Discusses worldwide research into medical textiles and biomaterials Invaluable reference for this developing area of technical textiles A selection of the best papers from the 2003 MEDTEX Conference, hosted by University of Bolton are included

Drug Resistance

Drug Resistance Book
Author : Sarah Boslaugh
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2017-01-16
ISBN : 1440839255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written in clear, nontechnical language, this investigation of drug resistance provides readers with an overview of the scientific issues, the current scope of the problem nationally and globally, and the measures that can be taken to combat this public health crisis. • Provides an accessibly written introduction to the science of drug resistance that addresses both the biology of how microbes become resistant and the social practices that can foster drug resistance • Summarizes information about the scope of drug resistance both in the United States and worldwide, allowing readers to understand this issue both as a national concern and in the global context • Suggests a number of measures that can be taken to combat drug resistance, from changes in individual behaviors to larger policy changes • Discusses complex ethical issues such as the need to weigh individual freedoms against societal rights in a balanced manner

Russell Hugo and Ayliffe s Principles and Practice of Disinfection Preservation and Sterilization

Russell  Hugo and Ayliffe s Principles and Practice of Disinfection  Preservation and Sterilization Book
Author : Adam P. Fraise,Jean-Yves Maillard,Syed Sattar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-18
ISBN : 1444333259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of this established and highly respected text is THE definitive reference in its field. It details methods for the elimination or prevention/control of microbial growth, and features: New chapters on bioterrorism and community healthcare New chapters on microbicide regulations in the EU, USA and Canada Latest material on microbial resistance to microbicides Updated material on new and emerging technologies, focusing on special problems in hospitals, dentistry and pharmaceutical practice Practical advice on problems of disinfection and antiseptics in healthcare A systematic review of sterilization methods, with uses and advantages outlined for each Evaluation of disinfectants and their mechanisms of action with respect to current regulations The differences between European and North American regulations are highlighted throughout, making this a truly global work, ideal for worldwide healthcare professionals working in infectious diseases and infection control.

Biofilm based Healthcare associated Infections

Biofilm based Healthcare associated Infections Book
Author : Gianfranco Donelli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-10
ISBN : 3319097822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to provide readers with a wide overview of the main healthcare-associated infections caused by bacteria and fungi able to grow as biofilm. The recently acquired knowledge on the pivotal role played by biofilm-growing microorganisms in healthcare-related infections has given a new dynamic to detection, prevention and treatment of these infections in patients admitted to both acute care hospitals and long-term care facilities. Clinicians, hygienists and microbiologists will be updated by leading scientists on the state-of-art of biofilm-based infections and on the most innovative strategies for prevention and treatment of these infections, often caused by emerging multidrug-resistant biofilm-growing microorganisms.

Pharmacology for Women s Health

Pharmacology for Women s Health Book
Author : Tekoa L. King,Mary C. Brucker
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2009-05-15
ISBN : 0763753297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Pharmacology for Women's Health includes basic principles of pharmacology, changes in pregnancy and lactation, and drug therapies for specific disorders common in women's health. Each chapter addresses drug therapy for the non-pregnant adult woman, the pregnant woman, the lactating woman, and the postmenopausal woman. This is the first pharmacology text to collect all of this knowledge in one comprehensive resource.