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Antibiotic Materials In Healthcare

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Antibiotic Materials in Healthcare

Antibiotic Materials in Healthcare Book
Author : Varaprasad Kokkarachedu,Vimala Kanikireddy,Rotimi Sadiku
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-22
ISBN : 012822536X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotic Materials in Healthcare provides significant information on antibiotic related issues, accurate solutions, and recent investigative information for health-related applications. In addition, the book addresses the design and development of antibiotics with advanced (physical, chemical and biological) properties, an analysis of materials, in vivo and in vitro applications, and their biomedical applications for healthcare. Provides information on all aspects of antibiotic related issues Offers a balanced synthesis of basic and clinical science for each individual case, presenting clinical courses and detailed microbiological information for each infection Describes the prevalence and incidence of global issues and current therapeutic approaches

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Bulletin of the World Health Organization Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bulletin of the World Health Organization book written by World Health Organization, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Silver in Healthcare

Silver in Healthcare Book
Author : Alan B. G. Lansdown
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2010-05-07
ISBN : 1849731799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silver in healthcare has many different facets and since the early concepts of microbiology of the 1880's, has been developed from usage in surgical clips, staples, foil wound dressings and surgical implants, to the widespread and clinically effective antiseptic wound dressings, sutures, catheters, bone and dental implants, and cardiovascular devices of today. From the dawn of human civilisation, silver has had a role of water purification and even now has a role in hospital water systems for control of MRSA and legionnaires disease. Biotechnological advances in recent years have extended the antimicrobial properties of silver into production of hygiene textiles and use in domestic products. Important advances have been made in understanding mechanisms of antimicrobial action of silver, the central importance of ionisation patterns in the presence of body fluids and secretion, and the genetical and molecular profiles of silver resistance. This publication is a comprehensive account of the history of silver in medicine, its clinical benefits and wide advantages as a broad spectrum antimicrobial agent. It is clear from the extensive array of publications in recognised and unofficial press, that many misconceptions and misleading conceptions have been perpetuated, leading to errors in evaluation of the safety of the metal in occupational, domestic and therapeutic situations. The book is unique in that it is the only comprehensive presentation of the toxicology of silver and it identifies the major misconceptions in the safety of silver and interpretation of argyria and argyrosis as central features of silver toxicity. In this book, Dr Lansdown reviews the literature from a clinical and experimental viewpoint, with the benefit of his many years research on silver and experience gained in working with clinicians, healthcare product manufacturers and microbiologists. There is also discussion in the book on the relevance of antimicrobial resistance to silver and deficiencies in present day clinical practice in not evaluating incidences of resistance on a routine basis. The subject matter is presented in a readable fashion and includes reference to use of the metal in such practices as acupuncture and treatment of tropical diseases as practised in some parts of the world, each of which is accompanied by special clinical risk. It is also a collation of current views on the use and efficacy of silver as a broad spectrum antibiotic. The chapters which deal specifically with toxicological aspects of silver in clinical, occupational and environmental issues are central to the book's value. The book is aimed at clinicians, research scientists and product manufacturers and will provide ideas for new research and academic endeavour. It is also essential reading for research students with an interest in metal toxicity and its management in mammalian tissues.

Annual Morbidity Report and Special Studies Report

Annual Morbidity Report and Special Studies Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Smart Textiles for Medicine and Healthcare

Smart Textiles for Medicine and Healthcare Book
Author : Textile Institute (Manchester, England)
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-03-09
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text combines medical & smart textiles by looking at how smart or intelligent textiles are being used in healthcare. It assesses trends in smart medical textiles & their diverse uses in areas such as woundcare & drug release systems. It also reviews their role in monitoring the health of particular groups such as the elderly.

Health Affairs

Health Affairs Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Health Affairs book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Health in Scotland

Health in Scotland Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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The Chief Public Health Officer s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada

The Chief Public Health Officer s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada Book
Author : Chief Public Health Officer (Canada)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Chief Public Health Officer s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada book written by Chief Public Health Officer (Canada), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Healthcare Financial Management

Healthcare Financial Management Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Dialogues in Pediatric Urology

Dialogues in Pediatric Urology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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6th Forum on New Materials

6th Forum on New Materials   Book
Author : Pietro Vincenzini
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-10-31
ISBN : 3038266930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 6th Forum on New Materials, part of CIMTEC 2014-13th International Ceramics Congress and 6th Forum on New Materials, June 15-19, 2014, Montecatini Terme, Italy. The 18 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Advances in Biomaterials, Chapter 2: Wearable and Implantable Sensors and Body Sensor Networks.

Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control

Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control Book
Author : B J McCarthy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-26
ISBN : 0857093703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding and improving hygiene and healthcare products is essential for improving infection prevention. Continuing Woodhead Publishing’s series of specialised medical textile books, Textiles for hygiene and infection control provides readers with the latest developments in healthcare materials for hygiene and infection applications. Part one offers an insight into design and production techniques for hygiene textiles. Chapters discuss nanotechnology and it’s applications in hygiene textiles, knitted spacer fabrics, innovative and sustainable packaging and biodegradable hygiene products. Part two explores design and production techniques for infection control textiles. Chapters examine micro-organisms, infection and the role of textiles, the creation of barrier textiles through plasma processing and methods for ensuring fabrics survive sterilisation. Part three concludes by investigating the variety of available hygiene and infection control products. Chapters consider washable textile-based absorbent products for incontinence, coated textiles for skin infections and antimicrobial treatments of textiles for hygiene and infection control applications from an industrial perspective. Textiles for hygiene and infection control is an essential reference for manufacturers, designers, engineers and producers of hygiene and infection control products. It is also a useful tool for medical scientists, surgeons and nurses. Offers insight into design and production techniques for hygiene textiles Chapters discuss a range of applications, such as the use of textiles for incontinence An essential reference for manufacturers, designers, engineers and producers of hygiene and infection control products

Modern Healthcare

Modern Healthcare Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Administrateur en Chef de Sant Publique Rapport Sur L tat de la Sant Publique Au Canada Coup D il Sur Le Rapport

Administrateur en Chef de Sant   Publique Rapport Sur L   tat de la Sant   Publique Au Canada   Coup D   il Sur Le Rapport Book
Author : Chief Public Health Officer (Canada)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Administrateur en Chef de Sant Publique Rapport Sur L tat de la Sant Publique Au Canada Coup D il Sur Le Rapport book written by Chief Public Health Officer (Canada), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Point of Care Detection Devices for Healthcare

Point of Care Detection Devices for Healthcare Book
Author : Chao-Min Cheng
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-23
ISBN : 3039436597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With recent technological advances in multiple research fields such as materials science, micro-/nano-technology, cellular and molecular biology, bioengineering and the environment, much attention is shifting toward the development of new detection tools that not only address needs for high sensitivity and specificity but fulfil economic, environmental, and rapid point-of-care needs for groups and individuals with constrained resources and, possibly, limited training. Miniaturized fluidics-based platforms that precisely manipulate tiny body fluid volumes can be used for medical, healthcare or even environmental (e.g., heavy metal detection) diagnosis in a rapid and accurate manner. These new detection technologies are potentially applicable to different healthcare or environmental issues, since they are disposable, inexpensive, portable, and easy to use for the detection of human diseases or environmental issues—especially when they are manufactured based on low-cost materials, such as paper. The topics in this book (original and review articles) would cover point-of-care detection devices, microfluidic or paper-based detection devices, new materials for making detection devices, and others.

Research Activities

Research Activities Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : CIBA Foundation Symposium
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1997-06-19
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Antibiotic Resistance: Origins, Evolution, Selection and Spread Chairman: Stuart B. Levy, 1997 Over the last 50 years, the rapid increase in the use of antibiotics, not only in people, but also in animal husbandry and agriculture, has delivered a selection unprecedented in the history of evolution. Consequently, society is facing one of its gravest public health problems-the emergence of infectious bacteria with resistance to many, and in some cases all, available antibiotics. This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of experts to discuss this problem. It begins by examining the origins of resistance and goes on to look at how the use of antibiotics in human medicine and farming/agriculture has selected for resistant bacteria. Separate chapters describe the evolution of resistance determinants and how these are spread both within and between bacterial species. Finally, the book contains discussions on strategies for countering the threat of antibiotic resistance. A major re-thinking of our approach to the treatment of infectious diseases is proposed-that antibiotic resistance should be seen as a problem created by the disruption of normal microbial ecology. To restore efficacy to earlier antibiotics, and to maintain the success of new antibiotics that are introduced, we need to use these drugs in a way that ensures an ecological balance that favours the predominance of susceptible bacteria.

Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare

Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare Book
Author : Subhash C. Anand,J F Kennedy,M Miraftab,Subbiyan Rajendran
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-30
ISBN : 1845694104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical textiles are a major growth area within the technical textiles industry and the range of applications continues to grow and increase in diversity with every new development. Recent innovations include novel chitosan-alginate fibres for advanced wound dressings, ultrasonic energy for bleaching cotton medical textiles, durable and rechargeable biocidal textiles, spider silk supportive matrix for cartilage regeneration, barbed bi-directional surgical sutures and intelligent textiles for medical applications. Medical textiles and biomaterials for healthcare is a culmination of the worldwide research into medical textiles and biomaterials. It is divided into eight parts covering the main areas of basic biomaterials, healthcare and hygiene products, infection control and barrier materials, bandaging and pressure garments, woundcare materials, implantable and medical devices and smart technologies. Each part contains a comprehensive overview written by leading experts in the area. The overviews are then followed by a selection of the best papers from the 2003 MEDTEX Conference, hosted by the University of Bolton. It has been extensively edited to produce what is expected to be the leading reference on this subject. Discusses worldwide research into medical textiles and biomaterials Invaluable reference for this developing area of technical textiles A selection of the best papers from the 2003 MEDTEX Conference, hosted by University of Bolton are included

Nanostructured Coatings for Controlling Bacterial Biofilms and Antibiotic Resistance

Nanostructured Coatings for Controlling Bacterial Biofilms and Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : Kristina Dimitrova Ivanova
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The accelerated emergence of drug resistant bacteria is one of the most serious problems in healthcare and the difficulties in finding new antibiotics make it even more challenging. To overcome the action of antibiotics bacteria develop effective resistance mechanisms including the formation of biofilms. Biofilms are bacterial communities of cells embedded in a self-produced polymeric matrix commonly found on medical devices such as indwelling catheters. When pathogens adopt this mode of growth on the surface, they effectively circumvent host immune defences and antibiotic therapy, causing severe and life threatening infections. This thesis focuses on the development of advanced nanoscale materials and coatings for controlling bacterial biofilms and the emergence of drug resistance. To this end, acylase and amylase enzymes degrading essential for the biofilm growth components, were innovatively combined into hybrid nanocoatings to impart antibiofilm functionalities onto indwelling medical devices. Alternatively, ultrasound-assisted nanotransformation of antimicrobials was used as a tool for enhancing their antibacterial efficacy and overcoming the intrinsic drug resistant mechanisms in Gram-negative bacteria. These strategies offer new perspectives for prevention and treatment of biofilm infections, limiting the selection and spread of antibiotic resistance. The first part of the thesis describes the building of enzyme multilayer coatings able to interfere with bacterial quorum sensing (QS) and prevent biofilm establishment on silicone urinary catheters. This was achieved by alternate deposition of negatively charged acylase and oppositely charged polyethylenimine in a Layer-by-Layer (LbL) fashion. The acylase-coated catheters degraded bacterial signalling molecules and inhibited the QS process of Gram-negative bacteria. These coatings also significantly reduced the biofilm growth on urinary catheters under conditions mimicking the real situation in catheterised patients, without affecting the human cells viability. Acylase was further combined with the matrix degrading amylase enzyme into hybrid multilayer coatings able to interfere simultaneously with bacterial QS signals and biofilm integrity. The LbL assembly of both enzymes into hybrid nanocoatings resulted in stronger biofilm inhibition as a function of acylase or amylase location in the multi-layer coating. Hybrid nanocoatings with the QS inhibiting acylase as outermost layer reduced the occurrence of single and multi-species biofilms on silicone catheters in vitro and in an in vivo animal model. The thesis also reports on the efficacy of nanomaterials for prevention and eradication of antibiotic resistant biofilms. Multilayer assemblies that contain in their structure and release on demand antibacterial polycationic nanospheres (NSs) were engineered on silicone surfaces. A polycationic aminocellulose (AC) conjugate was first transformed into NSs with enhanced bactericidal activity and then combined with hyaluronic acid to build bacteria-responsive layers on silicone material. When challenged with bacteria these multilayers disassembled gradually inhibiting both planktonic and biofilm modes of bacterial growth. The same AC NSs were also covalently immobilised on silicone material using epoxy-amine conjugation chemistry. The intact NSs on the silicone material were able to inhibit bacterial biofilm growth, suggesting the potential of epoxy-amine curing reaction for generation of stable non-leaching coatings on silicone-based medical devices. Finally, ultrasound-assisted nanotransformation of penicillin G was used as a strategy to boost its activity towards bacteria. The efficient penetration of the NSs within a biomimetic membranes sustained the theory that they may reach the periplasmic space in Gram-negative bacteria and exert their bactericidal activity "unrecognised" as a threat by bacteria for selection of resistance.

Mergent International Manual

Mergent International Manual Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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