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Animal Feed Contamination

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Animal Feed Contamination

Animal Feed Contamination Book
Author : J Fink-Gremmels
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-06-11
ISBN : 0857093614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The production of animal feed increasingly relies on the global acquisition of feed material, increasing the risk of chemical and microbiological contaminants being transferred into food-producing animals. Animal feed contamination provides a comprehensive overview of recent research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health. Part one focuses on the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products. Analysis of contamination by persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals follows in part two, before the problem of natural toxins is considered in part three. Veterinary medicinal products as contaminants are explored in part four, along with a discussion of the use of antimicrobials in animal feed. Part five goes on to highlight the risk from emerging technologies. Finally, part six explores feed safety and quality management by considering the safe supply and management of animal feed, the process of sampling for contaminant analysis, and the GMP+ feed safety assurance scheme. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Animal feed contamination is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for food safety control in the food and feed industries, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Provides a comprehensive review of research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health Examines the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products Analyses contamination by persistant organic pollutants, toxic metals and natural toxins

Aflatoxin

Aflatoxin Book
Author : Lukman Abdulra'Uf
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-08-30
ISBN : 9535134574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aflatoxins are a group of highly toxic and carcinogenic substances, which occur naturally, and can be found in food substances. Aflatoxins are secondary metabolites of certain strains of the fungi Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus and the less common A. nomius. Aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 are the most important members, which can be categorized into two groups according to the chemical structure. As a result of the adverse health effects of mycotoxins, their levels have been strictly regulated especially in food and feed samples. Therefore, their accurate identification and determination remain a Herculean task due to their presence in complex food matrices. The great public concern and the strict legislation incited the development of reliable, specific, selective, and sensitive analytical methods for pesticide monitoring that are discussed in this book.

Chemical hazards in foods of animal origin

Chemical hazards in foods of animal origin Book
Author : Frans J.M. Smulders,Ivonne M.C.M. Rietjens,Martin Rose
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2019-01-01
ISBN : 9086868770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authorship of this book is comprised of a total of 65 experts of worldwide repute, originating from 13 different countries and representing various scientific disciplines such as human and veterinary medicine, agricultural sciences, (micro)biology, pharmacology/toxicology, nutrition, (food) chemistry and risk assessment science. In 25 chapters the various chemical hazards - 'avoidable' or 'unavoidable' and possibly prevailing in major foods of animal origin [muscle foods (including fish), milk and dairy, eggs, honey] - are identified and characterised, the public health risks associated with the ingestion of animal food products that may be contaminated with such xenobiotic chemical substances are discussed in detail, and options for risk mitigation are presented. This volume targets an audience with both an industry and academic background, and particularly those professionals who are (or students who aspire to become) involved in risk management of foods of animal origin.

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Drug Use in Food Animals,Panel on Animal Health, Food Safety, and Public Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-02-12
ISBN : 0309054346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industriesâ€"poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas: Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management.

Industrial Enzyme Applications

Industrial Enzyme Applications Book
Author : Andreas Vogel,Oliver May
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-09-03
ISBN : 3527343857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference is a "must-read": It explains how an effective and economically viable enzymatic process in industry is developed and presents numerous successful examples which underline the efficiency of biocatalysis.

Dioxins and Dioxin like Compounds in the Food Supply

Dioxins and Dioxin like Compounds in the Food Supply Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on the Implications of Dioxin in the Food Supply
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-12-21
ISBN : 0309089611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dioxin and dioxin-like compounds, or DLCs, are found throughout the environment, in soil, water, and air. People are exposed to these unintentional environmental contaminants primarily through the food supply, although at low levels, particularly by eating animal fat in meat, dairy products, and fish. While the amount of DLCs in the environment has declined since the late 1970s, the public continues to be concerned about the safety of the food supply and the potential adverse health effects of DLC exposure, especially in groups such as developing fetuses and infants, who are more sensitive to the toxic effects of these compounds. Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds in the Food Supply: Strategies to Decrease Exposure, recommends policy options to reduce exposure to these contaminants while considering how implementing these options could both reduce health risks and affect nutrition, particularly in sensitive and highly exposed groups, if dietary changes are suggested.

The Effects on Human Health of Subtherapeutic Use of Antimicrobials in Animal Feeds

The Effects on Human Health of Subtherapeutic Use of Antimicrobials in Animal Feeds Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division of Medical Sciences,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee to Study the Human Health Effects of Subtherapeutic Antibiotic Use in Animal Feeds
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1980-02-01
ISBN : 0309030447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Effects on Human Health of Subtherapeutic Use of Antimicrobials in Animal Feeds book written by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division of Medical Sciences,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee to Study the Human Health Effects of Subtherapeutic Antibiotic Use in Animal Feeds, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Livestock Science

Livestock Science Book
Author : Selim Sekkin
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-01-11
ISBN : 9535128639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been a great increase in the consumption of animal products. The intention of agricultural activities is to provide safety and adequate food by respecting the environment. Although many questions are being raised concerning the sustainability of the world's food-animal agricultural resources. This book presents some in-depth reviews of selected topics in livestock science written by experts in their respective areas. The book is divided into eight chapters, consisting of topics in food-animal production systems, management of several animal products, health-threaten example by ticks in animals, and contaminants that may be found in animal foods. We hope that a wide variety of scientists, researchers, and others may benefit from this book.

Selenium Contamination in Water

Selenium Contamination in Water Book
Author : Pooja Devi,Pardeep Singh,Arindam Malakar,Daniel Snow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 1119693543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contamination of environment and water resources by Selenium (Se) and its oxyanions from various sources are emerging contaminants of significant health and environmental concern. The primary sources include agricultural drainage water, mine drainage, residues from fossil fuels, thermoelectric power plants, oil refineries, and metal ores. Various methods and technologies have been developed which focus on the treatment of selenium-containing waters and wastewater. High concentrations of selenium in water cause various adverse impact to human health, such as carcinogenic, genotoxic, and cytotoxic effects. But in the lower concentrations, it is a useful constituent of the biological system. The range between toxicity and deficiency of selenium is minimal (40 to 400 μg per day), due to its dual nature. Selenium Contamination in Water contains the latest status and information on selenium’s origin, its chemistry and its toxicity to humans. The book represents a comprehensive and advanced reference book for students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids, in particular selenium. A special emphasis is given on its geological distribution, monitoring techniques, and remedial technologies. As such, the authors critically analyze the various techniques used for the monitoring and removal of selenium from water. Featuring chapters arranged according to the major themes of the latest research, with specific case-studies from industrial experiences of selenium detection and removal, Selenium Contamination in Water will be particularly valued by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids including selenium.

Soybean

Soybean Book
Author : Minobu Kasai
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-02-20
ISBN : 1789853737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants are important for a permanent ecosystem, because in the ecological pyramid plants support all the other living organisms at the base. Very important organization is thought to be the integral process of resource, transport, partitioning, metabolism, and production, which involves yield, biomass, and productivity in plants. Accordingly, it is important to obtain more information about the knowledge concerning yield, biomass, and productivity in plants. Soybean is one of the main crops largely contributing to our life, which is thought to be connected to our ecosystem through the above-mentioned integral process. This book focuses on the soybean, and reviews and research concerning the yield, biomass, and productivity of soybean are presented herein. This text updates the book published in 2017. Although there are many difficulties, the main aim of this book is to present a basis for the above-mentioned integral processes of resource, transport, partitioning, metabolism, and production, which involves yield, biomass, and productivity in plants (soybean), and to understand what supports this basis and the integral process. It is hoped that this and the preceding book will be essential reads.

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-10-10
ISBN : 0309259339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Livestock s Long Shadow

Livestock s Long Shadow Book
Author : Henning Steinfeld,Pierre Gerber,T. D. Wassenaar,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,Vincent Castel,Mauricio Rosales,Mauricio Rosales M.,Cees de Haan
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9789251055717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The assessment builds on the work of the Livestock, Environment and Development (LEAD) Initiative"--Pref.

Developing Animal Feed Products

Developing Animal Feed Products Book
Author : Navaratnam Partheeban
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9781786764645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The animal feed sector faces increasingly complex challenges. It needs to improve feed digestibility/efficiency whilst also promoting growth and enhancing both product quality and safety. At the same time, it has an increasingly important role in helping to promote animal health, welfare and the sustainability of farming. Developing animal feed products provides comprehensive coverage of advances in optimising the key stages in developing successful new animal feed products, from assessing feed ingredients, product development and processing to maintaining quality and safety. The collection features authoritative discussions by leading experts on the relationship between nutrition and animal health, as well how best to implement risk management systems for the prevention and control of diseases/contaminants present in animal feed. Edited by Dr Navaratnam Partheeban, Royal Agricultural University, UK, Developing animal feed products will be a standard reference for companies involved in the manufacture of animal feed, as well as researchers in livestock nutrition, government and other agencies regulating the animal feed sector.

Animal Feed Impact on Food Safety

Animal Feed Impact on Food Safety Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9789251059029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of animal feed in the production of safe food is recognised worldwide, and several events have underlined its impact on public health, feed and food trade, and food security. The Expert Meeting was convened to review current knowledge on animal feed and its impact on food safety, and provide orientation and advice on this matter to international organisations. This is the report of the meeting, with the experts' conclusions and recommendations.

Review on Impact of Mycotoxin Contamination on Animal Health and Productivity

Review on Impact of Mycotoxin Contamination on Animal Health and Productivity Book
Author : Gizaw Mekonnen
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2020-01-27
ISBN : 3346103579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2019 in the subject Veterinary medicine, grade: 18, , course: Seminar on Animal Health, language: English, abstract: Mycotoxins are secondary metabolism of filamentous fungi, which under suitable temperature and humidity conditions, and found in various foods and feeds, causing negative effect for human and animal health.There are different mycotoxins which have agricultural and economic importance including aflatoxins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, zearalenone, fumonisins, tremorgenic toxins, and ergot alkaloids. Mycotoxins occur more frequently in areas with a hot and humid climate, favourable for the growth of molds, they can also be found in temperate zones.In comparison to monogastric species, ruminant animals are generally less susceptible to the adverse effects caused by contamination of feeds with mycotoxins because presence of rumen microflora in rumen. However, a number of mycotoxins resist rumen degradation, causing distinct clinical signs of intoxication. Dairy cattle can be exposed to different number of mycotoxins because complex feeding diet originating from different feed materials such as roughage and concentrates. Exposure of diary catte to these mycotoxins may result in unexpected health problem. Due to apre-existing negative energy balance, cows in the transition period are considered to be particularly sensitive to the exposure to feeds. The variation of mycotoxinoccurence due to different factors, including agricultural practices and climatic conditions. Aflatoxins (AFs) are found in maize and peanuts, aswell as in tree nuts and dried fruits. OTA is found mainly in cereals, but significant levels of contamination may also occur in wine, coffee, spices and dried fruits. Other products of concern are beans, roasted coffee and cocoa, malt and beer, bread and bakery products, wines and grape juices, spices, poultry meat and kidneys, pig kidneys and pork sausages. The production of secondary metabolism is the effect of Fungal metabolism Secondary metabolites, are formed from a relatively small number of branch points of primary metabolic pathways. Among them some of these secondary metabolites are used as antibiotics, while others are very toxic and carcinogenic to humans and animals.Economic impact associated with mycotoxicosisincluding:Slower growth rates, Poor conception rates, inconsistentmanure, Increased disease susceptibility, Reduced production performance, loss of animal and human life, veterinary and public cost of treatment.

Safety Analysis of Foods of Animal Origin

Safety Analysis of Foods of Animal Origin Book
Author : Leo M.L. Nollet,Fidel Toldra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9781439848197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We cannot control how every chef, packer, and food handler might safeguard or compromise the purity of our food, but thanks to the tools developed through physics and nanotech and the scientific rigor of modern chemistry, food industry and government safety regulators should never need to plead ignorance when it comes to safety assurance. Compiled

Aflatoxin Control

Aflatoxin Control Book
Author : Joe B. Dixon,Ana L. Barrientos Velázquez
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 0891183418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Aflatoxin contamination represents a serious threat to a healthy food supply. Resulting from mold on corn, peanuts, and other grains and grain products, aflatoxins are extremly toxic. Understanding the nature of fungi infection and the factors that favor aflatoxin formation is important to grain producers, dealers, and other professionals who control grain from the field to the site of consumption to prevent serious loss of large quantities of grain or grain products. Producers of poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs, and even pet food need to be aware of the threat of aflatoxin. Participants in the grain industry who grow, store, or process corn and other grains subject to potential infection by aflatoxin should be aware of the risks of fungal infection and aflatoxin contamination, and proper management strategies. The authors focus on the binding of aflatoxin in animal feeds by employing calcium smectite. Readers will be especially glad to know that aflatoxin can often be controlled with a natural mineral material to bind aflatoxin in animal feeds at a modest cost."

Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Foods

Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Foods Book
Author : Martin Rose,Alwin Fernandes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0857098918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and toxic elements, such as dioxins, flame retardants, lead and mercury, are substances of major concern for the food industry, the regulator and the public. They persist in the environment, accumulate in food chains and may adversely affect human health if ingested over certain levels or with prolonged exposure. Persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals in foods explores the scientific and regulatory challenges of ensuring that our food is safe to eat. Part one provides an overview of regulatory efforts to screen, monitor and control persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals in foods and includes case studies detailing regulatory responses to food contamination incidents. Part two moves on to highlight particular POPs, toxic metals and metalloids in foods, including dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), mercury, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and phthalates. Persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals in foods is a standard reference for those in the food industry responsible for food safety, laboratories testing for food chemical safety, regulatory authorities responsible for ensuring the safety of food, and researchers in industry and academia interested in the science supporting food chemical safety. Includes case studies which detail regulatory responses to food contamination incidents Considers the uptake and transfer of persistent organic pollutants in the food chain and the risk assessment of contaminates in food Details perticular persistent organic pollutants, toxic metals and metalloids in foods including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), mercury and arsenic among others

Looking at edible insects from a food safety perspective

Looking at edible insects from a food safety perspective Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2021-04-09
ISBN : 9251341966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While insect consumption by humans or entomophagy has been traditionally practiced in various countries over generations and represents a common dietary component of various animal species (birds, fish, mammals), farming of insects for human food and animal feed is relatively recent. Production of this ‘mini-livestock’ brings with it several potential benefits and challenges. The objective of this document is to provide the reader with an overview of the various food safety issues that could be associated with edible insects. The intended audiences of this publication are food safety professionals, policymakers, researchers, insect producers as well as consumers. The regulatory frameworks that govern production, trade and consumption of insects in various regions are discussed. The document ends with elucidating some other major challenges, such as consumer acceptance and scaling up production, that the edible insect industry would need to overcome to have a more global reach.

Hazards associated with animal feed

Hazards associated with animal feed Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,World Health Organization
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-11-04
ISBN : 925131909X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The need for feed for terrestrial and aquatic animals continues to rise with the increasing demand for foods of animal origin; however, the challenge is not only to meet the growing need for feed but also to ensure its safety and thus contributing to the safety of the entire food chain. Feed safety incorporates the impact on human as well as animal health and welfare, which, in turn, can affect productivity. Hazards in feed may be inherent to feed ingredients as well as introduced during feed production, processing, handling, storage, transportation, and use. Hazards in feed may also result from accidental or deliberate human intervention. The expert meeting reviewed and discussed potential hazards in feed of chemical, biological and physical origin. It addressed hazards, as well as their occurrence in feed are described, and transfer from feed to food, relevance for food safety, impact on animal health, and emerging issues and trends. In addition, specific consideration was given to feed and products of feed production technologies of increasing relevance, for instance insects, former food and food processing by-products, biofuels (bioethanol and biodiesel) by-products, aquatic plants and marine resources.