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Ancient Supercontinents And The Paleogeography Of Earth

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Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth

Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth Book
Author : Lauri J Pesonen,Johanna Salminen,Sten-Ake Elming,David A.D. Evans,Toni Veikkolainen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-06
ISBN : 0128185341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth offers a systematic examination of Precambrian cratons and supercontinents. Through detailed maps of drift histories and paleogeography of each continent, this book examines topics related to Earth’s tectonic evolution prior to Pangea, including plate kinematics, orogenic development, and paleoenvironments. Additionally, this book discusses the methodologies used, principally paleomagnetism and tectonostratigraphy, and addresses geophysical topics of mantle dynamics and geodynamo evolution over billions of years. Structured clearly with consistent coverage for Precambrian cratons, this book combines state-of-the-art paleomagnetic and geochronologic data to reconstruct the paleogeography of the Earth in the context of major climatic events such as global glaciations. It is an ideal, up-to>date reference for geoscientists and geographers looking for answers to questions surrounding the tectonic evolution of Earth. Provides robust paleogeographies of Precambrian cratons based on high-quality paleomagnetic and geochronologic data and critically tested by global geological datasets Includes links to updated databases for the Precambrian such as PALEOMAGIA and the Global Paleomagnetic Database (GPMDB) Presents full-color maps of the drift histories of each continent as well as their paleogeographies Discusses key questions regarding continental drift, the supercontinent cycle, and the geomagnetic dipole hypothesis and analyzes palaeography in the context of Earth’s holistic evolution

Earth History and Palaeogeography

Earth History and Palaeogeography Book
Author : Trond H. Torsvik,L. Robin M. Cocks
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 1107105323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a complete Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography, using new and detailed full-colour maps, to link surface and deep-Earth processes.

Supercontinent

Supercontinent Book
Author : Ted Nield
Publisher : Granta Books
Release : 2012-02-09
ISBN : 1847086772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The shifting continents of the Earth are heading for inevitable collision: 250 million years from now, all the land masses on this planet will come together in a single, gigantic supercontinent which no human is ever likely to see. That future supercontinent will not be the first to form on Earth, nor will it be the last. Each cycle lasts half a billion years, making it the grandest of all the patterns in nature. It is scarcely a century since science first understood how Pangaea, the supercontinent which gave birth to dinosaurs, split apart, but scientists can now look back three-quarters of a billion years into the Earth's almost indecipherable past to reconstruct Pangaea's predecessor, and computer-model the shape of the Earth's far-distant future. Ted Nield's book tells the astounding story of how that science emerged (often in the face of fierce opposition), and how scientists today are using the most modern techniques to draw information out of the oldest rocks on Earth. It also reveals the remarkable human story of the Altantis-seeking visionaries and madmen who have been imagining lost or undiscovered continents for centuries. Ultimately all supercontinents exist only in the human imagination, but understanding the 'Supercontinent Cycle' represents nothing less than finally knowing how our planet works.

Regional Geology and Tectonics Principles of Geologic Analysis

Regional Geology and Tectonics  Principles of Geologic Analysis Book
Author : David G. Roberts,A.W. Bally
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-26
ISBN : 0444530428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis, volume one in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. It has been written to provide you with a detailed overview of geologic rift systems, passive margins, and cratonic basins, it features the basic principles necessary to grasping the conceptual approaches to hydrocarbon exploration in a broad range of geological settings globally. Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication A "how-to" regional geology primer that provides a detailed overview of tectonics, rift systems, passive margins, and cratonic basins The principles of regional geological analysis and the main geological and geophysical tools are discussed in detail. The tectonics of the world are captured and identified in detail through a series of unique geographic maps, allowing quick access to exact tectonic locations. Serves as the ideal introductory overview and complementary reference to the core concepts of regional geology and tectonics offered in volumes two and three in the series.

The Continental Drift Controversy

The Continental Drift Controversy Book
Author : Henry R. Frankel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-04-26
ISBN : 0521875064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the expansion of the land-based paleomagnetic case for drifting continents and recounts the golden age of marine geoscience.

The Changing Face of the Earth

The Changing Face of the Earth Book
Author : Bruno Vrielynck,Philippe Bouysse
Publisher : UNESCO
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some 250 million years ago, at the beginning of the Mesozoic era, the world's continents were grouped into a single supercontinent known as Pangaea. This publication contains information on the key stages in the break-up of this supercontinent into the geological face of the Earth as we know it today. It includes 11 maps, based on recent scientific work, with explanatory notes, a glossary of terms and a CD-ROM of the map images in bmp, tiff, pict and powerpoint formats.

Continents and Supercontinents

Continents and Supercontinents Book
Author : John J. W. Rogers,M. Santosh,Madhava Warrier Santosh
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2004-09-16
ISBN : 0195165896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surveys the origin of continents, and the accretion and breakup of supercontinents through earth history. This book also shows how these processes affected the composition of seawater, climate, and the evolution of life.

Analysis of Geological Structures

Analysis of Geological Structures Book
Author : Neville J. Price,John W. Cosgrove
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1990-08-16
ISBN : 9780521319584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A knowledge of structural geology is fundamental to understanding the processes by which the earth's crust has evolved. It is a subject of fundamental importance to students of geology, experienced field geologists and academic researchers as well as to petroleum and mining engineers. In contrast to many structural textbooks which dwell upon geometrical descriptions of geological structures, this book emphasises mechanical principles and the way in which they can be used to understand how and why a wide range of geological structures develop. Structures on all scales are considered but the emphasis of the book is on those that can be seen on the scale of hand specimen or outcrop. Drawing on their considerable teaching experience the authors present a coherent and lucid analysis of geological structures which will be welcomed by a wide variety of earth scientists.

Ancient Landscapes of Western North America

Ancient Landscapes of Western North America Book
Author : Ronald C. Blakey,Wayne D. Ranney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-03
ISBN : 3319596365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Allow yourself to be taken back into deep geologic time when strange creatures roamed the Earth and Western North America looked completely unlike the modern landscape. Volcanic islands stretched from Mexico to Alaska, most of the Pacific Rim didn’t exist yet, at least not as widespread dry land; terranes drifted from across the Pacific to dock on Western Americas’ shores creating mountains and more volcanic activity. Landscapes were transposed north or south by thousands of kilometers along huge fault systems. Follow these events through paleogeographic maps that look like satellite views of ancient Earth. Accompanying text takes the reader into the science behind these maps and the geologic history that they portray. The maps and text unfold the complex geologic history of the region as never seen before. Winner of the 2021 John D. Haun Landmark Publication Award, AAPG-Rocky Mountain Section

Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems

Large Igneous Provinces and their Plumbing Systems Book
Author : R. K. Srivastava,R. E. Ernst,,K. L. Buchan,,M. De Kock
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 1786205521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Identification of large-volume, short-duration mafic magmatic events of intraplate affinity in both continental and oceanic settings on the Earth and other planets provides invaluable clues for understanding several vital geological issues of current concern. Of particular importance is understanding the assembly and dispersal of supercontinents through Earth’s history, dramatic climate change events including mass extinctions, and processes that have produced a wide range of large igneous province (LIP)-related resources, such as Ni–Cu–PGE, Au, U, base metals and petroleum. This volume comprises 21 contributions on the latest developments and new information on LIPs and their plumbing systems and presents methodical studies on different components of LIP plumbing systems. These articles are especially helpful in understanding continental break-up events, regional domal uplift and a variety of metallogenic systems, as well as the temporal and spatial distribution of LIPs, their origin and their likely links to mantle plumes/superplumes.

Structures of Ophiolites and Dynamics of Oceanic Lithosphere

Structures of Ophiolites and Dynamics of Oceanic Lithosphere Book
Author : A. Nicolas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400923740
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Structures of Ophiolites and Dynamics of Oceanic Lithosphere book written by A. Nicolas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Iron Geochemistry An Isotopic Perspective

Iron Geochemistry  An Isotopic Perspective Book
Author : Clark Johnson,Brian Beard,Stefan Weyer
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-09
ISBN : 3030338282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive summary of research to date in the field of stable iron isotope geochemistry. Since research began in this field 20 years ago, the field has grown to become one of the major research fields in "non-traditional" stable isotope geochemistry. This book reviews all aspects of the field, from low-temperature to high-temperature processes, biological processes, and cosmochemical processes. It provides a detailed history and state-of-the art summary about analytical methods to determine Fe-isotope ratios and discusses analytical and sample prospects.

The Indian Ocean Tsunami

The Indian Ocean Tsunami Book
Author : Pradyumna Prasad Karan,Shanmugam P. Subbiah
Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 0813126525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

December 2004, a tsunami swept over the coasts of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, and other South Asian countries, leaving hundreds of thousands dead and many more without the resources to rebuild their lives. With casualties as far away as Africa, the aftermath was overwhelming: ships could be spotted miles inland; cars floated in the ocean; legions of the unidentified deadùan estimated 225,000ùwere buried in mass graves; relief organizations struggled to reach rural areas and provide adequate aid to survivors. The Indian Ocean Tsunami: The Global Response to a Natural Disaster is the first comprehensive assessment of the environmental, social, and economic costs of this tragedy. Soon after the tsunami, an international team of geographers, geologists, anthropologists, and political scientists traveled to the most damaged areas to observe and document the tsunami's impact. The Indian Ocean Tsunami draws on data collected by this team. Editors Pradyumna P. Karan and Shanmugam P. Subbiah, along with contributors from multiple disciplines, examine numerous issues that arose in the aftermath of the tsunami, such as inequities in response efforts, unequal distribution of disaster relief aid, and relocation and housing problems. The Indian Ocean Tsunami is organized into several sections, the first of which deals with the ecological destruction of the tsunami. It includes case studies and photographs of the damage in Japan, Indonesia, South India, and other areas. The second section analyzes the economic and social aspects of the aid responses, specifically discussing the role of NGOs in tsunami relief, the strengths and weaknesses of the reconstruction process, and the lessons the tsunami offers to those who are responsible for dealing with future disasters. In the tsunami's aftermath, the inadequacies of governmental and privately funded aid and the challenge of rehabilitating devastated ecosystems quickly became apparent. With this volume, Karan and Suhbiah illuminate the need for the development of efficient, socially and environmentally sustainable practices to cope with environmental disasters. They suggest that education about the ongoing process of recovery will mitigate the effects of future natural disasters. Including maps, photographs, and statistical analyses, The Indian Ocean Tsunami is a clear and definitive evaluation of the tsunami's impact and the world's response to it.

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution Book
Author : Steven Michael Reddy
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781862392830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Palaeoproterozoic era (2500-1600 Ma) is a critical period of Earth history, with dynamic evolution from the deep planetary interior to its surface environment. Several lines of geological evidence suggest the existence of at least one pre-Rodinia supercontinent, named Nuna or Columbia, which formed near the end of Palaeoproterozoic time. Prior to this assembly, there may have been an older supercontinent (Kenorland) or perhaps only independently drifting supercratons. The tectonic records of amalgamation and dispersal of these ancient landmasses provide a framework that links processes of the deep Earth with those of its fluid envelope. The sixteen papers in this volume present reviews and new analytical data that span the geological record of Palaeoproterozoic Earth. The volume is useful as a reference book for students and professional geoscientists interested in this important period of global evolution.

The Expanding Earth

The Expanding Earth Book
Author : S.W. Carey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483289559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Developments in Geotectonics, 10: The Expanding Earth focuses on the principles, methodologies, transformations, and approaches involved in the expanding earth concept. The book first elaborates on the development of the expanding earth concept, necessity for expansion, and the subduction myth. Discussions focus on higher velocity under Benioff zone, seismic attenuation, blue schists and paired metamorphic belts, dispersion of polygons, arctic paradox, and kinematic contrast. The manuscript then ponders on the scale of tectonic phenomena, non-uniformitarianism, tectonic profiles, and paleomagnetism. Concerns cover global paleomagnetism, general summary of the tectonic profile, implosions, fluid pressures, pure shear, crustal extension, simple shear with horizontal axis, geological examples of scale fields, and length-time fields of deformation. The publication explores the cause of expansion, modes of crustal extension, and rotation and asymmetry of the earth, including dynamic asymmetry, precessions, nutations, librations, and wobbles at fixed obliquity, variation of rate of rotation, and categories of submarine ridges. The text is a dependable source of data for researchers wanting to study the concept of expanding earth.

Essentials of Paleomagnetism

Essentials of Paleomagnetism Book
Author : Lisa Tauxe
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2010-03-19
ISBN : 0520260317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book by Lisa Tauxe and others is a marvelous tool for education and research in Paleomagnetism. Many students in the U.S. and around the world will welcome this publication, which was previously only available via the Internet. Professor Tauxe has performed a service for teaching and research that is utterly unique."—Neil D. Opdyke, University of Florida

Rare Earth

Rare Earth Book
Author : Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 0387218483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

The Jordan Rift Valley

The Jordan Rift Valley Book
Author : Aharon Horowitz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9789058093516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Delivering a synthesis of almost one hundred and fifty years of research into the Jordan Rift Valley, this genuinely comprehensive text presents a model explaining the tectonic evolution of this part of the Syrian-African Rift Valley, which may affect opinions regarding the geotectonic pattern of the entire western Levant. Also including datings and paleoenvironmental reconstructions for all important phases in the history of the Jordan Valley, particular focus is placed on the last two million years, when numerous habitation sites, the oldest of which represents the initial spread of Man out of Africa, indicate the region was almost continuously populated.

Understanding Earth s Deep Past

Understanding Earth s Deep Past Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Importance of Deep-Time Geologic Records for Understanding Climate Change Impacts
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-08-02
ISBN : 0309209196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is little dispute within the scientific community that humans are changing Earth's climate on a decadal to century time-scale. By the end of this century, without a reduction in emissions, atmospheric CO2 is projected to increase to levels that Earth has not experienced for more than 30 million years. As greenhouse gas emissions propel Earth toward a warmer climate state, an improved understanding of climate dynamics in warm environments is needed to inform public policy decisions. In Understanding Earth's Deep Past, the National Research Council reports that rocks and sediments that are millions of years old hold clues to how the Earth's future climate would respond in an environment with high levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases. Understanding Earth's Deep Past provides an assessment of both the demonstrated and underdeveloped potential of the deep-time geologic record to inform us about the dynamics of the global climate system. The report describes past climate changes, and discusses potential impacts of high levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases on regional climates, water resources, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and the cycling of life-sustaining elements. While revealing gaps in scientific knowledge of past climate states, the report highlights a range of high priority research issues with potential for major advances in the scientific understanding of climate processes. This proposed integrated, deep-time climate research program would study how climate responded over Earth's different climate states, examine how climate responds to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and clarify the processes that lead to anomalously warm polar and tropical regions and the impact on marine and terrestrial life. In addition to outlining a research agenda, Understanding Earth's Deep Past proposes an implementation strategy that will be an invaluable resource to decision-makers in the field, as well as the research community, advocacy organizations, government agencies, and college professors and students.