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Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano And Other High Performance Materials

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Analytical Sample Preparation with Nano and other High Performance Materials

Analytical Sample Preparation with Nano  and other High Performance Materials Book
Author : Rafael Lucena,M. Soledad Cardenas Aranzana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9780128221396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Sample Preparation with Nano- and other High-Performance Materials covers advanced sample treatment techniques and the new materials that can be used to boost their performance. The evolution of sample treatment over the last two decades has resulted in the development of new techniques and application of new materials. This is a must-have resource for those studying advanced analytical techniques and the role of high-performance materials in analytical chemistry. The book explains the underlying principles needed to properly understand sample preparation, and also examines the latest materials - including nanomaterials - that result in greater sensitivity and specificity. The book begins with a section devoted to all the various sample preparation techniques and then continues with sections on high-performance sorbents and high-performance solvents. Combines basic, fundamental principles and advanced concepts and applications for a comprehensive treatment of sample preparation with new materials Defines nano- and other high-performance materials in this context, including carbon nanoparticles, inorganic nanoparticles, ionic liquids, supramolecular solvents, and more Includes discussion of all the latest advancements and new findings in both techniques and materials used for proper sample preparation

Nanomechanical Analysis of High Performance Materials

Nanomechanical Analysis of High Performance Materials Book
Author : Atul Tiwari
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-13
ISBN : 9400769199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended for researchers who are interested in investigating the nanomechanical properties of materials using advanced instrumentation techniques. The chapters of the book are written in an easy-to-follow format, just like solved examples. The book comprehensively covers a broad range of materials such as polymers, ceramics, hybrids, biomaterials, metal oxides, nanoparticles, minerals, carbon nanotubes and welded joints. Each chapter describes the application of techniques on the selected material and also mentions the methodology adopted for the extraction of information from the raw data. This is a unique book in which both equipment manufacturers and equipment users have contributed chapters. Novices will learn the techniques directly from the inventors and senior researchers will gain in-depth information on the new technologies that are suitable for advanced analysis. On the one hand, fundamental concepts that are needed to understand the nanomechanical behavior of materials is included in the introductory part of the book. On the other hand, dedicated chapters describe the utilization of advanced numerical modeling in understanding the properties of complex materials. This book is useful for students and researchers from diverse backgrounds including chemistry, physics, materials science & engineering, biotechnology and biomedical engineering. It is well suited as a textbook for students and as a reference book for researchers.

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry Book
Author : Miguel de la Guardia,Francesc A. Esteve-Turrillas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-01-24
ISBN : 1119422590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to smart materials and how they are used in sample preparation, analytical processes, and applications This comprehensive, two-volume handbook provides detailed information on the present state of new materials tailored for selective sample preparation and the legal frame and environmental side effects of the use of smart materials for sample preparation in analytical chemistry, as well as their use in the analytical processes and applications. It covers both methodological and applied analytical aspects, relating to the development and application of new materials for solid-phase extraction (SPE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME), their use in the different steps and techniques of the analytical process, and their application in specific fields such as water, food, air, pharmaceuticals, clinical sciences and forensics. Every chapter in Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry is written by experts in the field to provide a comprehensive picture of the present state of this key area of analytical sciences and to summarize current applications and research literature in a critical way. Volume 1 covers New Materials for Sample Preparation and Analysis. Volume 2 handles Analytical Processes and Applications. Focuses on the development and applications of smart materials in analytical chemistry Covers both, methodological and applied analytical aspects, for the development of new materials and their use in the different steps and techniques of the analytical process and their application in specific fields Features applications in key areas including water, air, environment, pharma, food, forensic, and clinical Presents the available tools for the use of new materials suitable to aid recognition process to the sample preparation and analysis A key resource for analytical chemists, applied laboratories, and instrument companies Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry, 2V Set is an excellent reference book for specialists and advanced students in the areas of analytical chemistry, including both research and application environments.

Ultra High Performance Concrete and High Performance Construction Materials

Ultra High Performance Concrete and High Performance Construction Materials Book
Author : Bernhard Middendorf,Ekkehard Fehling,Alexander Wetzel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-01-01
ISBN : 3737608288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With HiPerMat 5 on March 11-13, 2020 the 5th International Symposium on Ultra-High Performance Concrete and High Performance Construction Materials documents the actual state of development of application in the fields of: Material Science and Development, Composite Concrete Materials, Strength and Deformation behaviour of UHPC, Durability and Sustainability of UHPC, Design and Construction with UHPC, Structural Modelling and Optimisation, Lightweight Concrete Structures, High-Precision Manufacturing for Pre-Fabrication, Nanotechnology for Construction Materials, Innovative Applications, Smart Construction Materials, This volume contains the short versions (two pages) of all contributions that have been accepted for publication at HiPerMat 5.

Microscopy and Analysis

Microscopy and Analysis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microscopy and Analysis book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sample Preparation in LC MS Bioanalysis

Sample Preparation in LC MS Bioanalysis Book
Author : Wenkui Li,Wenying Jian,Yunlin Fu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-03-12
ISBN : 111927429X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revised and Expanded Handbook Provides Comprehensive Introduction and Complete Instruction for Sample Preparation in Vital Category of Bioanalysis Following in the footsteps of the previously published Handbook of LC-MS Bioanalysis, this book is a thorough and timely guide to all important sample preparation techniques used for quantitative Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) bioanalysis of small and large molecules. LC-MS bioanalysis is a key element of pharmaceutical research and development, post-approval therapeutic drug monitoring, and many other studies used in human healthcare. While advances are continually being made in key aspects of LC-MS bioanalysis such as sensitivity and throughput, the value of research/study mentioned above is still heavily dependent on the availability of high-quality data, for which sample preparation plays the critical role. Thus, this text provides researchers in industry, academia, and regulatory agencies with detailed sample preparation techniques and step-by-step protocols on proper extraction of various analyte(s) of interest from biological samples for LC-MS quantification, in accordance with current health authority regulations and industry best practices. The three sections of the book with a total of 26 chapters cover topics that include: Current basic sample preparation techniques (e.g., protein precipitation, liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction, salting-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction, ultracentrifugation and ultrafiltration, microsampling, sample extraction via electromembranes) Sample preparation techniques for uncommon biological matrices (e.g., tissues, hair, skin, nails, bones, mononuclear cells, cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous humor) Crucial aspects of LC-MS bioanalytical method development (e.g., pre-analytical considerations, derivation strategies, stability, non-specific binding) in addition to sample preparation techniques for challenging molecules (e.g., lipids, peptides, proteins, oligonucleotides, antibody-drug conjugates) Sample Preparation in LC-MS Bioanalysis will prove a practical and highly valuable addition to the reference shelves of scientists and related professionals in a variety of fields, including pharmaceutical and biomedical research, mass spectrometry, and analytical chemistry, as well as practitioners in clinical pharmacology, toxicology, and therapeutic drug monitoring.

Novel Improvements on the Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Metabolites

Novel Improvements on the Analytical Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Metabolites Book
Author : Wang Huiyong
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are important environmental pollutants originating from a wide variety of natural and anthropogenic sources. Because many of them are highly suspect as etiological agents in human cancer, chemical analysis of PAH is of great environmental and toxicological importance. Current methodology for PAH follows the classical pattern of sample preparation and chromatographic analysis. Sample preparation pre-concentrates PAH, simplifies matrix composition, and facilitates analytical resolution in the chromatographic column. Among the several approaches that exist to pre-concentrate PAH from water samples, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends the use of solid-phase extraction (SPE). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) are the basis for standard PAH identification and determination. Ultraviolet (UV) absorption and room temperature fluorescence detection are both widely used in HPLC, but the specificity of these detectors is modest. Since PAH identification is solely based on retention times, unambiguous PAH identification requires complete chromatographic resolution of sample components. When HPLC is applied to "unfamiliar" samples, the EPA recommends that a supporting analytical technique such as GC-MS be applied to verify compound identification and to check peak-purity HPLC fractions. Independent of the volume of extracted water, the approximate time required to separate and determine the sixteen "priority pollutants" (EPA-PAH) via HPLC is approximately 60min. If additional GC-MS analysis is required for unambiguous PAH determination, the total analysis time will reach 2-3 hours per sample. If the concentrations of target species are found to lie outside the detector's response range, the sample must be diluted and the process repeated. These are important considerations when routine analysis of numerous samples is contemplated. Parent PAH are relatively inert and need metabolic activation to express their carcinogenicity. By virtue of the rich heterogeneous distribution of metabolic products they produce, PAH provide a full spectrum of the complexity associated with understanding the initial phase of carcinogenesis. PAH metabolites include a variety of products such as expoxides, hydroxyl aromatics, quinines, dihydrodiols, dioepoxides, tetrols and water soluble conjugates. During the past decades tremendous efforts have been made to develop bio-analytical techniques that possess the selectivity and sensitivity for the problem at hand. Depending on the complexity of the sample and the relative concentrations of the targeted metabolites, a combination of sample preparation techniques is often necessary to reach the limits of detection of the instrumental method of analysis. The numerous preparation steps open ample opportunity to metabolite loss and collection of inaccurate data. Separation of metabolites has been accomplished via HPLC, capillary electrophoresis (CE) and GC-MS. Unfortunately, the existence of chemically related metabolic products with virtually identical fragmentation patterns often challenges the specificity of these techniques. This dissertation presents significant improvements in various fronts. Its first original component--which we have named solid-phase nano-extraction (SPNE)--deals with the use of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as extracting material for PAH. The advantages of SPNE are demonstrated for the analysis of PAH in water samples via both HPLC and Laser-Excited Time-Resolved Shpol'skii Spectroscopy (LETRSS). The same concept is then extended to the analysis of monohydroxy-PAH in urine samples via SPE- HPLC and In-Capillary SPNE-CE. The second original component of this dissertation describes the application of Shpol'skii Spectroscopy to the analysis of polar PAH metabolites. The outstanding selectivity and sensitivity for the direct analysis of PAH at trace concentration levels has made Shpol'skii spectroscopy a leading technique in environmental analysis. Unfortunately, the requirement of a specific guest-host combination--typically a non-polar PAH dissolved in an n-alkane-- has hindered its widespread application to the field of analytical chemistry. This dissertation takes the first steps in removing this limitation demonstrating its feasibility for the analysis of polar benzopyrene metabolites in alcohol matrixes.

Materials World

Materials World Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials World book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

High performance Liquid Chromatography

High performance Liquid Chromatography Book
Author : Ivan Lucero
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781536135435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download High performance Liquid Chromatography book written by Ivan Lucero, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology

Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology III

Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology III Book
Author : Kathryn J. Wahl,Norbert Hubert,Materials Research Society. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on methods to measures and model small-volume mechanical and tribological properties. Nanoscale characterization of the mechanical and tribological properties of surfaces is important in many engineering applications.

2D PAGE Sample Preparation and Fractionation

2D PAGE  Sample Preparation and Fractionation Book
Author : Anton Posch
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2008-03-19
ISBN : 9781603272094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE), this book sets forth the principles and recent developments of sample preparation and fractionation tools in expression proteomics. Step-by-step instructions alongside detailed illustrations enable you to quickly learn how to perform the methods yourself. Tricks of the trade and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding pitfalls help you ensure successful results every time. The methods covered in this book are not limited to 2-DE; they can also be applied to a broad range of protein separation techniques.

Nanocarbon and Its Composites

Nanocarbon and Its Composites Book
Author : Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,Dr. Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Ahmed Asiri
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 0081025106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocarbon and Its Composites: Preparation, Properties and Applications provides a detailed and comprehensive review of all major innovations in the field of nanocarbons and their composites, including preparation, properties and applications. Coverage is broad and quite extensive, encouraging future research in carbon-based materials, which are in high demand due to the need to develop more sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for materials. Chapters are written by eminent scholars and leading experts from around the globe who discuss the properties and applications of carbon-based materials, such as nanotubes (buckytubes), fullerenes, cones, horns, rods, foams, nanodiamonds and carbon black, and much more. Chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of carbon-based materials in different application fields and illustrate how to achieve significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from design, synthesis, characterization and applications of nanocarbon based composites Aims to compile information on the various aspects of synthesis, properties and applications of nano-carbon based materials Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Capillary Electrophoresis in Nanotechnologies Versus Nanotechnologies in Capillary Electrophoresis

Capillary Electrophoresis in Nanotechnologies Versus Nanotechnologies in Capillary Electrophoresis Book
Author : Vojtěch Adam
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials are attracting an interest of many researches. All this attention is due the unique physical and chemical properties of nanomaterials differing significantly from the bulk materials mainly due to their size in range of nanometers. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is a powerful, well-established analytical technique that provides numerous valuable benefits over other separation methods including high-performance liquid chromatography. The connection between CE and nanotechnology can be approached by two strategies: (i) CE analysis of nanomaterials and (ii) nanomaterials for CE improvement. The first perspective focuses on uses of CE as a method for characterization employed during nanomaterial production and modification as well as for monitoring their properties and interactions with other molecules. The second viewpoint deals with applications of nanomaterials for improving CE performance, mainly by enhancing efficiency of separation using nanomaterials as a stationary or pseudo-stationary phase and by enhancing detection sensitivity and/or selectivity in both optical and electrochemical detection. Moreover, applications of nanomaterials for sample preparation before CE analysis will be mentioned. This chapter aims at highlighting the symbiosis of CE and nanotechnology as a combination of modern, progressive field with well-known and reliable analytical method.

Science Culture

Science   Culture Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Selected Water Resources Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards

Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Index to Theses with Abstracts Accepted for Higher Degrees by the Universities of Great Britain and Ireland and the Council for National Academic Awards book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Micro and Nano Technologies in Bioanalysis

Micro and Nano Technologies in Bioanalysis Book
Author : James W. Lee,Robert S. Foote
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2009-07-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, large-scale advances in technology have led to greater understanding of the world at the biomolecular level. In this book, expert researchers from across the globe explore the technology which makes this analysis possible.

Nanochromatography and Nanocapillary Electrophoresis

Nanochromatography and Nanocapillary Electrophoresis Book
Author : Imran Ali,Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein,Vinod K. Gupta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-01
ISBN : 9780470434918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Detection of drugs at low concentration is required in a variety of biological and medical situations, in order to avoid harmful side effects posed by some drug residues. The book details the instrumentation, detection, and application of nano chromatography (that is, any chromatographic and capillary electrophoretic method dealing with the detection of a sample at nano gram per liter or lower) and capillary electrophoresis in the analyses of biological and environmental samples. Methods discussed include: Nano Gas Chromatography, Nano Capillary Electrophoresis, Nano Chiral Chromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, and Nano High Performance Liquid Chromatography.