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Analytical Modelling Of Fuel Cells

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Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells Book
Author : Andrei A Kulikovsky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-06-29
ISBN : 9780444535610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In fuel cell research, the gap between fundamental electrochemical processes and the engineering of fuel cell systems is bridged by the physical modelling of fuel cells. This relatively new discipline aims to understand the basic transport and kinetic phenomena in a real cell and stack environment, paving the way for improved design and performance. The author brings his unique approach to the analytical modeling of fuel cells to this essential reference for energy technologists. Covers recent advances and analytical solutions to a range of problems faced by energy technologists, from catalyst layer performance to thermal stability Provides detailed graphs, charts and other tools (glossary, index) to maximize R&D output while minimizing costs and time spent on dead-end research Presents Kulikovsky’s signature approach (and the data to support it)—which uses "simplified" models based on idealized systems, basic geometries, and minimal assumptions—enabling qualitative understanding of the causes and effects of phenomena

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells Book
Author : Andrei A. Kulikovsky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0444642900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Modelling of Fuel Cells, Second Edition, is devoted to the analytical models that help us understand the mechanisms of cell operation. The book contains equations for the rapid evaluation of various aspects of fuel cell performance, including cell potential, rate of electrochemical reactions, rate of transport processes in the cell, and temperature fields in the cell, etc. Furthermore, the book discusses how to develop simple physics-based analytical models. A new chapter is devoted to analytical models of PEM fuel cell impedance, a technique that exhibits explosive growth potential. Finally, the book contains Maple worksheets implementing some of the models discussed. Includes simple physics-based equations for the fuel cell polarization curve Provides analytical solutions for fuel cell impedance Includes simple equations for calculation of temperature shapes in fuel cells Introduces physical descriptions of the basic transport and kinetic phenomena in fuel cells of various types

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology Book
Author : Kingshuk Dutta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-25
ISBN : 0128191597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology presents the overall progress witnessed in the field of DMFC over the past decade, highlighting the components, materials, functions, properties and features, designs and configurations, operations, modelling, applications, pros and cons, social, political and market penetration, economics and future directions. The book discusses every single aspect of DMFC device technology, the associated advantages and drawbacks of state-of-the-art materials and design, market opportunities and commercialization aspects, and possible future directions of research and development. This book, containing critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world, will garner considerable interest among actual users/scientists/experts. Analyzes developments of membrane electrolytes, electrodes, catalysts, catalyst supports, bipolar plates, gas diffusion layers and flow channels as critical components of direct methanol fuel cells Includes modeling of direct methanol fuel cells to understand their scaling up potentials Discusses commercial aspects of direct methanol fuel cells in terms of market penetration, end application, cost, viability, reliability, social and commercial perception, drawbacks and prospects

Advances in Fuel Cells

Advances in Fuel Cells Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-04-23
ISBN : 9780080471006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cells have been recognized to be destined to form the cornerstone of energy technologies in the twenty-first century. The rapid advances in fuel cell system development have left current information available only in scattered journals and Internet sites. Advances in Fuel Cells fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university level textbooks by providing in-depth coverage over a broad scope. The present volume provides informative chapters on thermodynamic performance of fuel cells, macroscopic modeling of polymer-electrolyte membranes, the prospects for phosphonated polymers as proton-exchange fuel cell membranes, polymer electrolyte membranes for direct methanol fuel cells, materials for state of the art PEM fuel cells, and their suitability for operation above 100°C, analytical modelling of direct methanol fuel cells, and methanol reforming processes. Includes contributions by leading experts working in both academic and industrial R&D Disseminates the latest research discoveries A valuable resource for senior undergraduates and graduate students, it provides in-depth coverage over a broad scope

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production Book
Author : Timothy E. Lipman,Adam Weber
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-29
ISBN : 9781493977888
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The expected end of the “oil age” will lead to increasing focus and reliance on alternative energy conversion devices, among which fuel cells have the potential to play an important role. Not only can phosphoric acid and solid oxide fuel cells already efficiently convert today’s fossil fuels, including methane, into electricity, but other types of fuel cells, such as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, have the potential to become the cornerstones of a possible future hydrogen economy. This handbook offers concise yet comprehensive coverage of the current state of fuel cell research and identifies key areas for future investigation. Internationally renowned specialists provide authoritative introductions to a wide variety of fuel cell types and hydrogen production technologies, and discuss materials and components for these systems. Sustainability and marketing considerations are also covered, including comparisons of fuel cells with alternative technologies.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Modeling Book
Author : Fengge Gao,Benjamin Blunier,Abdellatif Miraoui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-07
ISBN : 1118566378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fuel cell is a potential candidate for energy storage andconversion in our future energy mix. It is able to directly convertthe chemical energy stored in fuel (e.g. hydrogen) intoelectricity, without undergoing different intermediary conversionsteps. In the field of mobile and stationary applications, it isconsidered to be one of the future energy solutions. Among the different fuel cell types, the proton exchange membrane(PEM) fuel cell has shown great potential in mobile applications,due to its low operating temperature, solid-state electrolyte andcompactness. This book presents a detailed state of art of PEM fuel cellmodeling, with very detailed physical phenomena equations indifferent physical domains. Examples and a fully coupledmulti-physical 1.2 kW PEMFC model are given help the reader betterunderstand how to use the equations.

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book
Author : Kui Jiao,Bowen Wang,Qing Du,Yun Wang,Guobin Zhang,Zirong Yang,Hao Deng,Xu Xie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-05
ISBN : 032391117X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water and Thermal Management of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells introduces the main research methods and latest advances in the water and thermal management of PEMFCs. The book introduces the transport mechanism of each component, including modeling methods at different scales, along with practical exercises. Topics include PEMFC fundamentals, working principles and transport mechanisms, characterization tests and diagnostic analysis, the simulation of multiphase transport and electrode kinetics, cell-scale modeling, stack-scale modeling, and system-scale modeling. This volume offers a practical handbook for researchers, students and engineers in the fields of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are high-efficiency and low-emission electrochemical energy conversion devices. Inside the PEMFC complex, physical and chemical processes take place, such as electrochemical reaction, multiphase flow and heat transfer. This book explores these topics, and more. Introduces the transport mechanism for each component of PEMFCs Presents modeling methods at different scales, including component, cell, stack and system scales Provides exercises in PEMFC modeling, along with examples of necessary codes Covers the latest advances in PEMFCs in a convenient and structured manner Offers a solution to researchers, students and engineers working on proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Book
Author : Michael Eikerling,Andrei Kulikovsky
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-23
ISBN : 1439854068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides a systematic and profound account of scientific challenges in fuel cell research. The introductory chapters bring readers up to date on the urgency and implications of the global energy challenge, the prospects of electrochemical energy conversion technologies, and the thermodynamic and electrochemical principles underlying the operation of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. The book then presents the scientific challenges in fuel cell research as a systematic account of distinct components, length scales, physicochemical processes, and scientific disciplines. The main part of the book focuses on theory and modeling. Theoretical tools and approaches, applied to fuel cell research, are presented in a self-contained manner. Chapters are arranged by different fuel cell materials and components, and sections advance through the hierarchy of scales, starting from molecular-level processes in proton-conducting media or electrocatalytic systems and ending with performance issues at the device level, including electrochemical performance, water management, durability, and analysis of failure mechanisms. Throughout, the book gives numerous examples of formidable scientific challenges as well as of tools to facilitate materials design and development of diagnostic methods. It reveals reserves for performance improvements and uncovers misapprehensions in scientific understanding that have misled or may continue to mislead technological development. An indispensable resource for scientifically minded and practically oriented researchers, this book helps industry leaders to appreciate the contributions of fundamental research, and leaders of fundamental research to appreciate the needs of industry.

Advances in Fuel Cells

Advances in Fuel Cells Book
Author : T. S. Zhao,K.-D. Kreuer,Trung Van Nguyen
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780080453941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cells have been recognized to be destined to form the cornerstone of energy technologies in the twenty-first century. The rapid advances in fuel cell system development have left current information available only in scattered journals and Internet sites. Advances in Fuel Cells fills the information gap between regularly scheduled journals and university level textbooks by providing in-depth coverage over a broad scope. The present volume provides informative chapters on thermodynamic performance of fuel cells, macroscopic modeling of polymer-electrolyte membranes, the prospects for phosphonated polymers as proton-exchange fuel cell membranes, polymer electrolyte membranes for direct methanol fuel cells, materials for state of the art PEM fuel cells, and their suitability for operation above 100°C, analytical modelling of direct methanol fuel cells, and methanol reforming processes. * Includes contributions by leading experts working in both academic and industrial R&D * Disseminates the latest research discoveries * A valuable resource for senior undergraduates and graduate students, it provides in-depth coverage over a broad scope

Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells for Portable Applications

Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells for Portable Applications Book
Author : Alexandra M. F. R. Pinto,Vania Sofia Oliveira,Daniela Sofia Castro Falcao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-08
ISBN : 0128118989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells for Portable Applications: Fundamentals, Engineering and Advances presents the fundamental concepts, technological advances and challenges in developing, modeling and deploying fuel cells and fuel cell systems for portable devices, including micro and mini fuel cells. The authors review the fundamental science of direct alcohol fuel cells, covering, in detail, thermodynamics, electrode kinetics and electrocatalysis of charge-transfer reactions, mass and heat transfer phenomena, and basic modeling aspects. In addition, the book examines other fuels in DAFCs, such as formic acid, ethylene glycol and glycerol, along with technological aspects and applications, including case studies and cost analysis. Researchers, engineering professionals, fuel cell developers, policymakers and senior graduate students will find this a valuable resource. The book’s comprehensive coverage of fundamentals is especially useful for graduate students, advanced undergraduate students and those new to the field. Provides a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals of DAFCs and their basic components, design and performance Presents current and complete information on the state-of-the-art of DAFC technology and its most relevant challenges for commercial deployment Includes practical application examples, problems and case studies Covers the use of other fuels, such as formic acid, ethylene glycol and glycerol

Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book
Author : Liang An,T.S. Zhao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-21
ISBN : 331971371X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a review of the latest advances in anion exchange membrane fuel cells. Starting with an introduction to the field, it then examines the chemistry and catalysis involved in this energy technology. It also includes an introduction to the mathematical modelling of these fuel cells before discussing the system design and performance of real-world systems. Anion exchange membrane fuel cells are an emerging energy technology that has the potential to overcome many of the obstacles of proton exchange membrane fuel cells in terms of the cost, stability, and durability of materials. The book is an essential reference resource for professionals, researchers, and policymakers around the globe working in academia, industry, and government.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 9780367655914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes advanced research results on Modeling and Control designs for Fuel Cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on Fuel Cell Modeling, Analysis, and Nonlinear control. Beginning with an introduction to Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Power Systems, as well as the fundamentals of Fuel Cell Systems and their components, it then presents the Linear and Nonlinear modeling of Fuel Cell Dynamics. Typical approaches of Linear and Nonlinear Modeling and Control Design methods for Fuel Cells are also discussed. The authors explore the Simulink implementation of Fuel Cells, including the modeling of PEM Fuel Cells and Control Designs. They cover the applications of Fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, and stand-alone systems, which integrate Fuel Cells, Wind Power, and Solar Power. Mathematical preliminaries on Linear and Nonlinear Control are provided in an appendix.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Author : Meng Ni,Tim S. Zhao
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2013-08-16
ISBN : 1849737770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising electrochemical power generation devices that can convert chemical energy of a fuel into electricity in an efficient, environmental-friendly, and quiet manner. Due to their high operating temperature, SOFCs feature fuel flexibility as internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels and ammonia thermal cracking can be realized in SOFC anode. This book presents an overview of the SOFC technology with a focus on the recent developments in new technologies and new ideas for addressing the key issues of SOFC development. This book first introduces the fundamental principles of SOFCs and compares SOFC technology with conventional heat engines as well as low temperature fuel cells. Then the latest developments in SOFC R&D are reviewed and future directions are discussed. Key issues related to SOFC performance improvement, long-term stability, mathematical modelling, as well as system integration/control are addressed, including material development, infiltration technique for nano-structured electrode fabrication, focused ion beam – scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique for microstructure reconstruction, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation at pore scale, multi-scale modelling, SOFC integration with buildings and other cycles for stationary applications.

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering 2 Volume Set

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Detlef Stolten,Bernd Emonts
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-22
ISBN : 3527650261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies. At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households. Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells. Moreover, small fuel cells hold great potential for portable devices such as gadgets and medical applications such as pacemakers. This handbook will explore specific fuel cells within and beyond the mainstream development and focuses on materials and production processes for both SOFC and lowtemperature fuel cells, analytics and diagnostics for fuel cells, modeling and simulation as well as balance of plant design and components. As fuel cells are getting increasingly sophisticated and industrially developed the issues of quality assurance and methodology of development are included in this handbook. The contributions to this book come from an international panel of experts from academia, industry, institutions and government. This handbook is oriented toward people looking for detailed information on specific fuel cell types, their materials, production processes, modeling and analytics. Overview information on the contrary on mainstream fuel cells and applications are provided in the book 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', published in 2010.

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Book
Author : Viktor Hacker,Shigenori Mitsushima
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-30
ISBN : 0128115378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research provides an overview of the basic principles of fuel cell and hydrogen technology, which subsequently allows the reader to delve more deeply into applied research. In addition to covering the basic principles of fuel cells and hydrogen technologies, the book examines the principles and methods to develop and test fuel cells, the evaluation of the performance and lifetime of fuel cells and the concepts of hydrogen production. Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research acts as an invaluable reference book for fuel cell developers and students, researchers in industry entering the area of fuel cells and lecturers teaching fuel cells and hydrogen technology. Includes laboratory methods for fuel cell characterization and manufacture Outlines approaches in modelling components, cells and stacks Covers practical and theoretical methods for hydrogen production and storage

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 149873300X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes advanced research results on Modeling and Control designs for Fuel Cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on Fuel Cell Modeling, Analysis, and Nonlinear control. Beginning with an introduction to Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Power Systems, as well as the fundamentals of Fuel Cell Systems and their components, it then presents the Linear and Nonlinear modeling of Fuel Cell Dynamics. Typical approaches of Linear and Nonlinear Modeling and Control Design methods for Fuel Cells are also discussed. The authors explore the Simulink implementation of Fuel Cells, including the modeling of PEM Fuel Cells and Control Designs. They cover the applications of Fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, and stand-alone systems, which integrate Fuel Cells, Wind Power, and Solar Power. Mathematical preliminaries on Linear and Nonlinear Control are provided in an appendix.

IEK 3 Report 2011 Climate Relevant Energy Research

IEK 3 Report 2011   Climate Relevant Energy Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Forschungszentrum Jülich
Release : 2012
ISBN : 3893368094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download IEK 3 Report 2011 Climate Relevant Energy Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

11th Symposium for Fuel Cell and Battery Modelling and Experimental Validation

11th Symposium for Fuel Cell and Battery Modelling and Experimental Validation Book
Author : kolektiv autorů
Publisher : Librix.eu
Release : 2014-03-05
ISBN : 8026305760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download 11th Symposium for Fuel Cell and Battery Modelling and Experimental Validation book written by kolektiv autorů, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Springer Handbook of Electrochemical Energy

Springer Handbook of Electrochemical Energy Book
Author : Cornelia Breitkopf,Karen Swider-Lyons
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 3662466570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive handbook covers all fundamentals of electrochemistry for contemporary applications. It provides a rich presentation of related topics of electrochemistry with a clear focus on energy technologies. It covers all aspects of electrochemistry starting with theoretical concepts and basic laws of thermodynamics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and multiscale modeling. It further gathers the basic experimental methods such as potentiometry, reference electrodes, ion-sensitive electrodes, voltammetry and amperometry. The contents cover subjects related to mass transport, the electric double layer, ohmic losses and experimentation affecting electrochemical reactions. These aspects of electrochemistry are especially examined in view of specific energy technologies including batteries, polymer electrolyte and biological fuel cells, electrochemical capacitors, electrochemical hydrogen production and photoelectrochemistry. Organized in six parts, the overall complexity of electrochemistry is presented and makes this handbook an authoritative reference and definitive source for advanced students, professionals and scientists particularly interested in industrial and energy applications.

Electrochemical Cell Calculations with OpenFOAM

Electrochemical Cell Calculations with OpenFOAM Book
Author : Steven Beale,Werner Lehnert
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 3030921786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book is at the nexus of modern software programming practices and electrochemical process engineering. It is the authoritative text on developing open source software for many applications, including: fuel cells; electrolyzers; and batteries. Written by experts in the field in the open source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code suite OpenFOAM, this book is intended for process engineering professionals developing practical electrochemical designs for industry, as well as researchers focused on finding tomorrow's answers today. The book covers everything from micro-scale to cell-scale to stack-scale models, with numerous illustrations and programming examples. Starting from a clear explanation of electrochemical processes and simple illustrative examples, the book progresses in complexity through a range of diverse applications. After reading this book, the reader is able to take command and control of model development as an expert. The book is aimed at all engineers and scientists with basic knowledge of calculus and programming in C++.